This document specifies methods of determining nanoparticle size and shape distributions by acquiring and evaluating scanning electron microscope images and by obtaining and reporting accurate results. NOTEÂ 1Â Â Â This document applies to particles with a lower size limit that depends on the required uncertainty and on the suitable performance of the SEM, which is to be proven first -according to the requirements described in this document. NOTEÂ 2Â Â Â This document applies also to SEM-based size and shape measurements of larger than nanoscale particles.

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This document specifies a method for measuring the scratch resistance and failure behaviour for advanced materials and coatings by means of nano- and micro- scale scratch experiments. The method provides data on both the physical damage to test-pieces and the friction generated between the probe and the test-piece under single pass and multiple pass conditions. The force range in these tests is from 1 µN up to 2 N.
The test method is not applicable to coatings as defined in EN ISO 4618 [18].

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This document provides a description of methods by which the coating thickness and chemical composition of "core-shell" nanoparticles (including some variant and non-ideal morphologies) can be determined using electron spectroscopy techniques. It identifies the assumptions, challenges, and uncertainties associated with each method. It also describes protocols and issues for the general analysis of nanoparticle samples using electron spectroscopies, specifically in relation to their importance for measurements of coating thicknesses. This document focuses on the use of electron spectroscopy techniques, specifically X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Auger electron spectroscopy, and synchrotron-based methods. These cannot provide all of the information necessary for accurate analysis and therefore some additional analytical methods are outlined in the context of their ability to aid in the interpretation of electron spectroscopy data.

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This document provides guidance for sample preparation, data acquisition by transmission electron microscopy, data processing, and three-dimensional image reconstruction to measure size and shape parameters of nano-objects on rod-shaped supports. The method is applicable to samples dispersed on or within an electron-transparent rod-shaped support.

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This document describes methods for the quantification of nano-object release from powders as a result of treatment, ranging from handling to high energy dispersion, by measuring aerosols liberated after a defined aerosolization procedure. Particle number concentration and size distribution of the aerosol are measured and the mass concentration is derived. This document provides information on factors to be considered when selecting among the available methods for powder sampling and treatment procedures and specifies minimum requirements for test sample preparation, test protocol development, measuring particle release and reporting data. In order to characterize the full size range of particles generated, the measurement of nano-objects as well as agglomerates and aggregates is adressed in this document. This document does not include the characterization of particle sizes within the powder. Tribological methods are excluded where direct mechanical friction is applied to grind or abrade the material.

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This document specifies characteristics to be measured and measurement methods for clay nanoplate samples in powder and suspension forms used for gas-barrier films. In addition, measurement protocols for the individual characteristics are described. This document does not deal with characteristics of post-manufacturing modification of clay nanoplates. This document does not cover considerations specific to health and safety issues either during manufacturing or use.

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This document defines terms related to the characterization of nano-objects in the field of
nanotechnologies.
It is intended to facilitate communication between organizations and individuals in research, industry
and other interested parties and those who interact with them.

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This document identifies parameters and conditions, as part of an integrated measurement system, necessary to develop and validate methods for the application of asymmetrical-flow and centrifugal field-flow fractionation to the analysis of nano-objects and their aggregates and agglomerates dispersed in aqueous media. In addition to constituent fractionation, analysis can include size, size distribution, concentration and material identification using one or more suitable detectors. General guidelines and procedures are provided for application, and minimal reporting requirements necessary to reproduce a method and to convey critical aspects are specified.

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This document defines terms related to the characterization of nano-objects in the field of nanotechnologies. It is intended to facilitate communication between organizations and individuals in research, industry and other interested parties and those who interact with them.

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This document defines terms related to the characterization of nano-objects in the field of nanotechnologies.
It is intended to facilitate communication between organizations and individuals in research, industry and other interested parties and those who interact with them.

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IEC TR 63258:2021 is a Technical Report focused on the practical protocol of ellipsometry to evaluate the thickness of nanoscale films. This document does not include any specification of the ellipsometers, but suggests how to minimize the data variation to improve data reproducibility.

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IEC TR 63258:2021 is a Technical Report focused on the practical protocol of ellipsometry to evaluate the thickness of nanoscale films. This document does not include any specification of the ellipsometers, but suggests how to minimize the data variation to improve data reproducibility.

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This document specifies characteristics to be measured of individualized cellulose nanofibril (iCNF) samples in suspension and powder forms and their measurement methods. In addition, it provides sample preparation, measurement and data analysis procedures. This document does not apply to the characterization of iCNFs that have been modified after they are manufactured.

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This document specifies the sequence of methods for characterizing the structural properties of graphene, bilayer graphene and graphene nanoplatelets from powders and liquid dispersions using a range of measurement techniques typically after the isolation of individual flakes on a substrate. The properties covered are the number of layers/thickness, the lateral flake size, the level of disorder, layer alignment and the specific surface area. Suggested measurement protocols, sample preparation routines and data analysis for the characterization of graphene from powders and dispersions are given.

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This document specifies the sequence of methods for characterizing the structural properties of graphene, bilayer graphene and graphene nanoplatelets from powders and liquid dispersions using a range of measurement techniques typically after the isolation of individual flakes on a substrate. The properties covered are the number of layers/thickness, the lateral flake size, the level of disorder, layer alignment and the specific surface area. Suggested measurement protocols, sample preparation routines and data analysis for the characterization of graphene from powders and dispersions are given.

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This document specifies measurement protocols and test conditions to determine alterations to protein secondary structure induced by their interaction with nanomaterials using ultraviolet circular dichroism (UV-CD) spectroscopy. This document does not apply to the characterization of conformational changes of disordered proteins.

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This document specifies characteristics to be measured of nanostructured porous alumina in powder form as catalyst support for vehicle exhaust emission control and their relevant measurement methods. It includes critical characteristics that are required to be measured and additional characteristics that are recommended to be measured, based upon agreement between the interested parties. Measurement methods for each characteristic are recommended. This document is applicable to nanostructured porous alumina for gasoline-powered cars. It does not apply to characteristics specific for health, the environment and safety issues.

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IEC TS 62607-8-2:2021 There are two types of thermally stimulated current (TSC) measurement methods, classified by the origin of the current. One is generated by the detrapping of charges. The other one is generated by depolarization. The latter is frequently called thermally stimulated depolarization current (TSDC). This part of IEC 62607 focuses on the latter method, and specifies the measurement procedures to be developed for determining polarization properties of metal-oxide interfacial devices.
IEC TS 62607-8-2:2021 includes:
- outlines of the experimental procedures used to measure TSDC,
- methods of interpretation of results and discussion of data analysis, and
- case studies.

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This document defines terms related to nanomanufacturing processes in the field of nanotechnologies.
All the process terms in this document are relevant to nanomanufacturing, however, many of the listed
processes are not exclusively relevant to the nanoscale. Terms that are not exclusive are noted within
the definitions. Depending on controllable conditions, such processes can result in material features at
the nanoscale or, alternatively, at larger scales.
There are many other terms that name tools, components, materials, systems control methods or
metrology methods associated with nanomanufacturing that are beyond the scope of this document.
Terms and definitions from other parts of the ISO/TS 80004 series are reproduced in Clause 3 for
context and better understanding.

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This document defines terms related to carbon nano-objects in the field of nanotechnologies.
It is intended to facilitate communication between organizations’ and individuals’ research, industry
and other interested parties and those who interact with them. Additional terms and definitions for
graphene and two-dimensional materials (2D) materials are provided in ISO/TS 80004-13.
Related carbon nanoscale materials are given in Annex A.

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This document defines terms related to nanomanufacturing processes in the field of nanotechnologies. All the process terms in this document are relevant to nanomanufacturing, however, many of the listed processes are not exclusively relevant to the nanoscale. Terms that are not exclusive are noted within the definitions. Depending on controllable conditions, such processes can result in material features at the nanoscale or, alternatively, at larger scales. There are many other terms that name tools, components, materials, systems control methods or metrology methods associated with nanomanufacturing that are beyond the scope of this document. Terms and definitions from other parts of the ISO/TS 80004 series are reproduced in Clause 3 for context and better understanding.

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This document defines terms related to nanomanufacturing processes in the field of nanotechnologies.
All the process terms in this document are relevant to nanomanufacturing, however, many of the listed processes are not exclusively relevant to the nanoscale. Terms that are not exclusive are noted within the definitions. Depending on controllable conditions, such processes can result in material features at the nanoscale or, alternatively, at larger scales.
There are many other terms that name tools, components, materials, systems control methods or metrology methods associated with nanomanufacturing that are beyond the scope of this document.
Terms and definitions from other parts of the ISO/TS 80004 series are reproduced in Clause 3 for context and better understanding.

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This document defines terms related to carbon nano-objects in the field of nanotechnologies.
It is intended to facilitate communication between organizations' and individuals' research, industry and other interested parties and those who interact with them. Additional terms and definitions for graphene and two-dimensional materials (2D) materials are provided in ISO/TS 80004-13.
Related carbon nanoscale materials are given in Annex A.

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This document defines terms related to carbon nano-objects in the field of nanotechnologies. It is intended to facilitate communication between organizations' and individuals' research, industry and other interested parties and those who interact with them. Additional terms and definitions for graphene and two-dimensional materials (2D) materials are provided in ISO/TS 80004-13. Related carbon nanoscale materials are given in Annex A.

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IEC TS 62607-6-14:2020 establishes a standardized method to determine the structural key control characteristic
• defect level
for powders consisting of graphene-based material by
• Raman spectroscopy.
The defect level is derived by the intensity ratio of the D+D′ band and 2D band in Raman spectrum, ID+D′/I2D.
• The defect level determined in accordance with this document will be listed as a key control characteristic in the blank detail specification for graphene IEC 62565-3-1 for graphene powder.
• The method is applicable for graphene powder or graphene-based material, e.g. reduced graphene oxide (rGO), bilayer graphene, trilayer graphene and few-layer graphene.
• Typical application areas are quality control and classification for graphene manufacturers, and product selection for downstream users.
• The method described in this document is appropriate if the physical form of graphene is powder.

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IEC TS 62607:2020 establishes a standardized method to determine the structural key control characteristic
– domain size
for films consisting of graphene grown by chemical vapour deposition (CVD) on copper by
– substrate oxidation.
It provides a fast, facile and reliable method to evaluate graphene domains formed on copper foil or copper film for understanding the effect of the graphene domain size on properties of graphene and enhancing the performance of high speed, flexible, and transparent devices using CVD graphene.
– The domain size determined in accordance with this document will be listed as a key control characteristic in the blank detail specification for graphene IEC 62565-3-1. Domain density is an equivalent measure.
– The domain size as derived by this method is defined as the mean value of size of the domains in the observed area specified by supplier in terms of cm2 or µm2.
– The method is applicable for graphene grown on copper by CVD. The characterization is done on the copper foil before transfer to the final substrate.
– As the method is destructive, the samples cannot be re-launched into the fabrication process.

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This document specifies the fundamental characteristics to be measured of a sample of engineered
nanoparticles in powder form to determine the size, the chemical content and the surface area. This
document also specifies measurement methods for determining each of the characteristics.
It is intended to facilitate communication among consumers, regulators and industries with the
necessary characteristics.
It excludes characteristics that pertain to specific industrial applications of nanoparticles in powder
form and detailed measurement protocols, as well as characteristics related to health, safety and
environmental issues.

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IEC 62607:2020, a Technical Specification, provides a method for determining the fluorescence lifetime of semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) using the time correlated single photon counting (TCSPC) technique. TCSPC is suitable for testing fluorescence lifetime in the range from picoseconds to nanoseconds. This document is only applicable to liquid samples that are stable dispersions of QDs. It is not applicable to solid samples.
This document includes:
– outlines of the experimental procedures,
– data processing, and
– case study.

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ISO/TS 80004-11:2017 lists terms and definitions, and specifies an extensible taxonomic terminology framework for nanolayers, nanocoatings, nanofilms, and related terms in the field of nanotechnologies.

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ISO/TS 80004-13:2017 lists terms and definitions for graphene and related two-dimensional (2D) materials, and includes related terms naming production methods, properties and their characterization.
It is intended to facilitate communication between organizations and individuals in research, industry and other interested parties and those who interact with them.

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This document specifies the fundamental characteristics to be measured of a sample of engineered nanoparticles in powder form to determine the size, the chemical content and the surface area. This document also specifies measurement methods for determining each of the characteristics. It is intended to facilitate communication among consumers, regulators and industries with the necessary characteristics. It excludes characteristics that pertain to specific industrial applications of nanoparticles in powder form and detailed measurement protocols, as well as characteristics related to health, safety and environmental issues.

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IEC TS 62607-6-13:2020 establishes a standardized method to determine the chemical key control characteristic
• oxygen functional group content
on graphite oxide, graphene oxide, reduced graphene oxide and other types of functionalized graphene by
• Boehm titration method.
In this document, the measured functional groups are carboxyl groups (also in the form of their cyclic anhydrides), lactone groups, hydroxyl groups and reactive carbonyl groups. Oxygen functional groups that exhibit no reactivity such as epoxides cannot be measured
The contents of the corrigendum 1 of October 2020 have been included in this copy.

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ISO/TR 18401:2017 is intended to assist stakeholders who are making decisions about the direction, management and application of nanotechnologies to better understand selected key terms and definitions in the ISO/IEC 80004 vocabulary series for nanotechnologies.

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IEC TS 62607-6-1:2020 establishes a standardized method to determine the electrical key control characteristic
– volume resistivity
for powder consisting of graphene-based material like flakes of graphene, few layer graphene and/or reduced graphene oxide after preparation of a sample in pellet form by
– four probe method
using powder resistivity measurement system.
The volume resistivity is a measure of the quality of powder-type graphene products in terms of electrical property and reflects the density-dependency shown in a pellet of powder-type graphene.
The volume conductivity can directly be derived from the volume resistivity.
Typical application areas are industries that use powder-type graphene products for graphene manufacture, potential developers, and users who produce graphene-based products. As the volume resistivity measured according to this document requires the preparation of a sample in the form of a pellet, this document describes in detail
– an apparatus to prepare consistently a test sample, the pellet,
– the preparation of the pellet starting from powder-type graphene,
– the measurement procedure to measure the volume resistivity (or volume conductivity) of the pellet, and
– the data analysis, the interpretation and reporting of the results.

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This document specifies characteristics including barrier properties to be measured of polymeric nanocomposite films used for improving food packaging. The barrier properties cover gas (oxygen), water vapour transmission and UV-Vis light transparency. This document also describes the relevant measurement methods. This document addresses neither safety and health issues related to the food packaging nor environmental aspects.

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This document specifies how to capture, measure and analyse transmission electron microscopy images to obtain particle size and shape distributions in the nanoscale. This document broadly is applicable to nano-objects as well as to particles with sizes larger than 100 nm. The exact working range of the method depends on the required uncertainty and on the performance of the transmission electron microscope. These elements can be evaluated according to the requirements described in this document.

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This document specifies a method for rapidly assessing nanomaterial toxicity (fish early life stage, 0 HPF to 120 HPF). It includes information on the importance of acellular chorion removal, detailed chorion removal procedures, and a complete protocol for the toxicity assessment of nanomaterials using dechorionated zebrafish embryos. The focus of this document is on testing nanomaterial toxicity.

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This document specifies the characteristics to be measured of nano-object-assembled layers on electrodes by means of a solution process and of nano-objects constituting the layers for electrochemical applications such as nano-biosensor or diagnosis applications. It also provides measurement methods for determining the characteristics. It does not apply to: — the requirements of nanostructures by top-down nanomanufacturing; — the subsequent coating of materials such as biomaterials onto nano-object-assembled layers; — specific health and safety requirements during manufacturing; — the experimental conditions of electrochemical sensing; — the packaging, labelling, expiratory dates and transport of nano-object-enhanced electrochemical electrodes.

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This document collates information regarding the systems available for exposure and assessment of nano-objects and their aggregates and agglomerates (NOAA) for in vitro air exposure studies. It provides an overview of the various exposure systems and in vitro cell systems used to perform in vitro studies that simulate an inhalation toxicology study design.

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IEC TS 62607-5-3:2020 specifies sample structures for evaluating a wide range of charge carrier concentration in organic/nano materials. This specification is provided for both capacitance-voltage (C-V) measurements in metal/insulator/semiconductor stacking structures and Hall-effect measurements with the van der Pauw configuration. Criteria for choosing measurement methods of charge carrier concentration in organic semiconductor layers are also given in this document.

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IEC TS 62607-2-4:2020 specifies the test method for determining the resistivity and the contact resistance of an individual CNT and the dependability of the measurement.
This document includes:
– outlines of the experimental procedures used to measure resistance of carbon nanotubes,
– methods of interpretation of results and discussion of data analysis, and
– case studies.

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IEC TS 62607-8-1:2020 There are two types of thermally stimulated current (TSC) measurement methods, classified by the origin of the current. One is generated by the detrapping of charges. The other one is generated by depolarization. IEC TS 62607-8-1:2020 focuses on the former method, and specifies the measurement method to be developed for determining defect states of nano-enabled metal-oxide interfacial devices.
IEC TS 62607-8-1:2020 includes:
– outlines of the experimental procedures used to measure TSC,
– methods of interpretation of results and discussion of data analysis, and
– case studies.

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This document gives guidelines for the characterization of carbon nanotube (CNT)-containing samples by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), performed in either an inert or oxidizing environment. Guidance is provided on the purity assessment of the CNT samples through a quantitative measure of the types of carbon species present as well as the non-carbon impurities (e.g. metal catalyst particles) within the material. In addition, this technique provides a qualitative assessment of the thermal stability and homogeneity of the CNT-containing sample. Additional characterization techniques are required to confirm the presence of specific types of CNT and to verify the composition of the metallic impurities present.

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This document specifies the characteristics to be measured of air filter media containing polymeric nanofibres on the surfaces of a substrate. It also describes measurement methods for determining the individual characteristics. This document does not cover characteristics specific for health and safety issues. NOTE The properties/performances assessment of air filter media related to applications requires the use of relevant published standards. The physical properties and performances of filtration media, such as pressure drop, and the particle removal efficiency of air filter media are measured with test methods suitable for specific applications.

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This document specifies the characteristics to be measured of suspensions containing multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNT suspensions). It includes the essential and additional characteristics of the CNT suspension, and the corresponding measurement methods. Characteristics specific to health, environmental and safety issues are excluded from this document. WARNING — The use of this document can involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. It does not purport to address all of the safety or environmental problems associated with its use. The execution of this document is entrusted to appropriately qualified and experienced people.

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IEC TS 62607-4-8:2020 specifies a test method for the determination of water content in electrode nanomaterials for nano-enabled electrical energy storage devices, using the Karl Fischer coulometric titration method.
This document includes:
- recommendations for sample preparation,
- outlines of the experimental procedures used to measure electrode nanomaterial properties, and
- methods of interpretation of results and discussion of data analysis.
IEC TS 62607-4-8:2020 is not applicable for samples that can react with the main components of Karl Fischer reagent and produce water, or samples that can react with iodine or iodide ion.

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This document gives guidelines for the characterization of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) using near infrared (NIR) photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. It provides a measurement method for the determination of the chiral indices of the semi-conducting SWCNTs in a sample and their relative integrated PL intensities. The method can be expanded to estimate the relative mass concentrations of semi-conducting SWCNTs in a sample from their measured integrated PL intensities and knowledge of their PL cross-sections.

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This document specifies a method for the measurement of the photocatalytic activity (PCA) of nanoparticles (NPs), suspended in an aqueous environment in physiologically relevant conditions, by measuring the ultraviolet (UV)-induced nicotine adenine dinucleotide hydrate (NADH) oxidation. The measurement is intended to assess the potential for the photo-toxicity of nanomaterials. The method is also applicable to NP aggregates and agglomerates.

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IEC TS 62565-4-1:2019 establishes a blank detail specification and format for listing essential optical and certain other characteristics of monodisperse luminescent nanomaterials. This document does not address mixtures or agglomerations of luminescent nanomaterials.
In addition, this document enables the customer to specify requirements in a standardized manner and to verify through standardized methods that the luminescent nanomaterial meets the required properties.
Numeric values to be specified for the properties and characteristics in this document are intentionally left blank and are determined by agreement between customer and material supplier. Properties and characteristics deemed by the customer or supplier as not relevant to a specific application are classified as “not applicable” or “not specified”.

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