This document describes and specifies the whole vehicle test chamber, the vapour sampling assembly and the operating conditions for the determination of volatile organic compounds (VOCs; for more information see Annex E), and carbonyl compounds in vehicle cabin air. There are three measurements performed: one (for VOCs and carbonyl compounds) during the simulation of ambient conditions (ambient mode) at standard conditions of 23 °C with no air exchange; a second only for the measurement of formaldehyde at elevated temperatures (parking mode); and a third for VOCs and carbonyl compounds simulating driving after the vehicle has been parked in the sun starting at elevated temperatures (driving mode). For the simulation of the mean sun irradiation, fixed irradiation in the whole vehicle test chamber is employed. The VOC method is valid for measurement of non-polar and slightly polar VOCs in a concentration range of sub-micrograms per cubic metre up to several milligrams per cubic metre. Using the principles described in this method, some semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOC) can also be analysed. Compatible compounds are those which can be trapped and released from the Tenax TA®1) sorbent tubes described in ISO 16000‑6, which includes VOCs ranging in volatility from n-C6 to n-C16. The sampling and analysis procedure for formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds is performed by collecting air on to cartridges coated with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) and subsequent analysis by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with detection by ultraviolet absorption. Formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds can be determined in the approximate concentration range 1 μg/m3 to 1 mg/m3. This method applicable to trucks and buses, as defined in ISO 3833:1977 3.1.1 to 3.1.6. This document describes: a) Transport and storage of the test vehicle until the start of the test. b) Conditioning of the surroundings of the test vehicle and the test vehicle itself as well as the whole vehicle test chamber. c) Conditioning of the test vehicle prior to measurements. d) Simulation of ambient air conditions (ambient mode). e) Formaldehyde sampling at elevated temperatures (parking mode). f) Simulation of driving after the test vehicle has been parked in the sun (driving mode). 1)Tenax TA® is the trade name of a product supplied by Buchem. This information is given for the convenience of users of this document and does not constitute an endorsement by ISO of the product named. Equivalent products may be used if they can be shown to lead to the same results.

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This document specifies a laboratory test method using test chambers defined in ISO 16000-9 and further specified in EN 16516 and evaluation procedures for the determination of odours emitted from building products and materials.
Sampling, transport and storage of materials under test, as well as preparation of test specimens are described in ISO 16000-11 and further specified in EN 16516.

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This document describes methods for determining air speed and flow direction, CO, NO and NO2 concentrations and visibility in road tunnels using direct-reading instruments. This document specifically excludes requirements relating to instrument conformance testing.

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This document describes methods for determining air speed and flow direction, CO, NO and NO2 concentrations and visibility in road tunnels using direct-reading instruments. This document specifically excludes requirements relating to instrument conformance testing.

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The European Air Quality Directive (Directive on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe) identifies different uses for modelling: Assessment, planning, forecast and source apportionment (SA). This CEN/TS addresses source apportionment modelling and specifies performance tests to check whether given criteria for receptor oriented source apportionment (RM) are met. The scope of the tests set out in this CEN/TS is performance assessment of SA of particulate matter using RM in the context of the European Directives 2004/107/EC and 2008/50/EC (AQD) including the Commission Implementing Decision 2011/850/EU of 12 December 2011. The application of RM does not quantify the spatial origin of particulate matter hence this CEN/TS does not test spatial SA.
This CEN/TS addresses RM users: participants and organisers of source apportionment intercomparison studies as well as practitioners of individual source apportionment studies. This CEN/TS is suitable for the evaluation of results of a specific SA modelling system with respect to intercomparison reference values (a-priori known or calculated on the basis of participants' values, see 3.12) in the following application areas:
- Assessment of performance and uncertainties of a modelling system or modelling system set up using the indicators laid down in this CEN/TS.
- Testing and comparing different source apportionment outputs in a specific situation (applying an evaluation dataset) using the indicators laid down in this CEN/TS.
- QA/QC tests every time practitioners run a modelling system.
It should be noted for clarity that the procedures and calculations presented in this CEN/TS cannot be used to check the performance of a specific SA modelling result without having any a-priori reference information about the contributions of sources/source categories.
The principles of receptor oriented models are summarised in Annex A. An overview of uncertainty sources and recommendations about steps to follow in SA studies are provided in Annex B and Annex C.
There are different methodologies than RM widely used to accomplish SA, e.g. source oriented models. These other methodologies cover aspects of SA which are required in the AQD and are not addressed by RM. Performance assessment of such methodologies is out of the scope of this CEN/TS.

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This document describes procedures to assess the applicability of the standard method EN 16909 (determination of OC and EC deposited on filters) to particle size fractions up to 10 µm in aerodynamic diameter (50 % cut off).

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This document specifies the requirements and test methods of bamboo charcoal for air-purification applications.

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This document specifies a laboratory test method using test chambers defined in ISO 16000-9 and further specified in EN 16516 and evaluation procedures for the determination of odours emitted from building products and materials. Sampling, transport and storage of materials under test, as well as preparation of test specimens are described in ISO 16000-11 and further specified in EN 16516.

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This European Standard specifies a horizontal reference method for the determination of emissions of regulated dangerous substances from construction products into indoor air. This method is applicable to volatile organic compounds, semi-volatile organic compounds, and very volatile aldehydes. It is based on the use of a test chamber and subsequent analysis of the organic compounds by GC-MS or HPLC.
NOTE 1   Supplemental information is given on indirect test methods (see Annex B) and on measuring very volatile organic compounds (see Annex C).
NOTE 2   This European Standard describes the overall procedure and makes use of existing standards mainly by normative reference, complemented when necessary with additional or modified normative requirements.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the sampling and analysis of NH3 in ambient air using
diffusive sampling.
It can be used for NH3 measurements at ambient levels but the concentration range and exposure time are sampler dependent and the end user shall use the working conditions for the various devices as recommended by the manufacturer.
Denuders may be used as a surrogate reference method, and for this reason their use is also described in this European Standard.

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This document describes a standard method for determining particle number size distributions in ambient air in the size range from 10 nm to 800 nm at total concentrations up to approximately 105 cm–3 with a time resolution of a few minutes. The standard method is based on a Mobility Particle Size Spectrometer (MPSS) used with a bipolar diffusion charger and a Condensation Particle Counter (CPC) as the detector. The document describes the performance characteristics and minimum requirements of the instruments and equipment to be used, and describes sampling, operation, data processing and QA/QC procedures, including calibration.

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This document describes a standard method for determining particle number size distributions in ambient air in the size range from 10 nm to 800 nm at total concentrations up to approximately 10^5 cm^-3 with a time resolution of a few minutes. The standard method is based on a Mobility Particle Size Spectrometer (MPSS) used with a bipolar diffusion charger and a Condensation Particle Counter (CPC) as the detector. The document describes the performance characteristics and minimum requirements of the instruments and equipment to be used, and describes sampling, operation, data processing and QA/QC procedures, including calibration.

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ISO 14966 specifies a method using scanning electron microscopy for determination of the concentration of inorganic fibrous particles in the air. The method specifies the use of gold-coated, capillary-pore, track-etched membrane filters, through which a known volume of air has been drawn. Using energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, the method can discriminate between fibres with compositions consistent with those of the asbestos varieties (e.g. serpentine and amphibole), gypsum, and other inorganic fibres. Annex C provides a summary of fibre types which can be measured. This document is applicable to the measurement of the concentrations of inorganic fibrous particles in ambient air. The method is also applicable for determining the numerical concentrations of inorganic fibrous particles in the interior atmospheres of buildings, for example to determine the concentration of airborne inorganic fibrous particles remaining after the removal of asbestos-containing products. The range of concentrations for fibres with lengths greater than 5 μm, in the range of widths which can be detected under standard measurement conditions (see 7.2), is approximately 3 fibres to 200 fibres per square millimetre of filter area. The air concentrations, in fibres per cubic metre, represented by these values are a function of the volume of air sampled. The ability of the method to detect and classify fibres with widths lower than 0,2 μm is limited. If airborne fibres in the atmosphere being sampled are predominantly <0,2 μm in width, a transmission electron microscopy method such as ISO 10312[8] can be used to determine the smaller fibres.

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This document specifies a method using scanning electron microscopy for determination of the concentration of inorganic fibrous particles in the air. The method specifies the use of gold-coated, capillary-pore, track-etched membrane filters, through which a known volume of air has been drawn. Using energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, the method can discriminate between fibres with compositions consistent with those of the asbestos varieties (e.g. serpentine and amphibole), gypsum, and other inorganic fibres. Annex C provides a summary of fibre types which can be measured. This document is applicable to the measurement of the concentrations of inorganic fibrous particles in ambient air. The method is also applicable for determining the numerical concentrations of inorganic fibrous particles in the interior atmospheres of buildings, for example to determine the concentration of airborne inorganic fibrous particles remaining after the removal of asbestos-containing products. The range of concentrations for fibres with lengths greater than 5 µm, in the range of widths which can be detected under standard measurement conditions (see 7.2), is approximately 3 fibres to 200 fibres per square millimetre of filter area. The air concentrations, in fibres per cubic metre, represented by these values are a function of the volume of air sampled. The ability of the method to detect and classify fibres with widths lower than 0,2 µm is limited. If airborne fibres in the atmosphere being sampled are predominantly [8] can be used to determine the smaller fibres.

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This document specifies a reference method using transmission electron microscopy for the determination of airborne asbestos fibres and structures in in a wide range of ambient air situations, including the interior atmospheres of buildings, and for a detailed evaluation for asbestos structures in any atmosphere. The method allows determination of the type(s) of asbestos fibres present and also includes measurement of the lengths, widths and aspect ratios of the asbestos structures. The method cannot discriminate between individual fibres of asbestos and elongate fragments (cleavage fragments and acicular particles) from non-asbestos analogues of the same amphibole mineral.

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This document specifies requirements for an indoor air quality management system. It is applicable to any organization that wishes to:
a) establish a system for the management of the quality of indoor air;
b) implement, maintain and continually improve the indoor air quality management system;
c) ensure conformity to the indoor air quality management system;
d) demonstrate conformity to this document.
It is applicable to the indoor environments of all kinds of facilities, installations and buildings, except those that are exclusively dedicated to industrial and/or agriculture activities. It is applicable to all types of indoor environments occupied by all kinds of persons, including regular
users, clients, workers, etc.

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This document specifies a reference method using transmission electron microscopy for the determination of airborne asbestos fibres and structures in in a wide range of ambient air situations, including the interior atmospheres of buildings, and for a detailed evaluation for asbestos structures in any atmosphere. The specimen preparation procedure incorporates ashing and dispersion of the collected particulate, so that all asbestos is measured, including the asbestos originally incorporated in particle aggregates or particles of composite materials. The lengths, widths and aspect ratios of the asbestos fibres and bundles are measured, and these, together with the density of the type of asbestos, also allow the total mass concentration of airborne asbestos to be calculated. The method allows determination of the type(s) of asbestos fibres present. The method cannot discriminate between individual fibres of the asbestos and elongate fragments (cleavage fragments and acicular particles) from non-asbestos analogues of the same amphibole mineral[12].

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This document, along with ISO 16000-38, specifies the measurement method for determining the mass concentration of primary, secondary and tertiary aliphatic and aromatic amines in indoor air using accumulated sampling and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (MS-MS) or high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). The analytical procedure is covered by this document. The sampling procedure and the manufacturing of the samplers are covered by ISO 16000-38. This document describes specifications for the chromatography and the mass spectroscopy for the amines. Measurement results are expressed in μg/m3. Although primarily intended for the measurement of amines listed in Tables A.1 and A.2, it can also be used for the measurement of other amines in indoor air. This document gives instructions and describes procedures for the inclusion of other amines. The range of application of this document concerning the concentrations of amines in indoor air depends on the linear range of the calibration line and hence on the gas sample volume (here: from 5 l up to 100 l), the eluate volume (from 1 ml up to 5 ml), the injection volume (from 1 μl up to 10 μl) and the sensitivity of the analytical equipment (e.g. linear range from 2 pg up to 2 ng amine). The range of application can be expected to be from approximately 0,002 μg/m3 (100 l sample) up to 2 000 μg/ m3 (5 l sample) for a common analytical equipment (e.g. Waters „TQD“) for the majority of the amines listed in Tables A.1 and A.2. The analysis of derivatives of ethanolamine is usually about 10 times more sensitive and the analysis of short-chained aliphatic amines is usually about 10 times less sensitive than
the analysis of an average amine. The performance data of the analytical method is given in Annex B, particularly in Tables B.1 and B.2. This document can be used also for the determination of amines in water if the detection limit is sufficient. This document does not cover the determination of isocyanates in indoor air (nor in water samples) as corresponding amines (covered by ISO 17734-1 and ISO 17734-2).

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This document specifies a large bag sampling method for measuring volatile organic compounds (VOCs), formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds which are emitted from vehicle interior parts into the air inside road vehicles. This method is intended for evaluation of large new vehicle interior parts, and complete assemblies. This is a screening method to compare similar car components under similar test conditions on a routine basis. Evaluating VOC emissions of vehicle interior parts is an important aspect of the vehicle indoor air quality. This document is complementary to existing standards and provides test laboratories and the manufacturing industry with a cost-effective evaluation of vehicle interior parts. This method is only applicable to newly manufactured vehicle parts. This method is applicable to all types of vehicles, and vehicle products which are used as parts in the interior of vehicles.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of primary, secondary and tertiary aliphatic
and aromatic amines in indoor air using accumulated sampling and high-performance liquidchromatography
(HPLC) coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (MS-MS) or high resolution mass
spectrometry (HRMS). It specifies the sampling procedure for determining the mass concentration of
amines as mean values by sampling the amines on phosphoric acid impregnated filters. The analytical
procedure of the measurement method is covered by ISO 16000-39.
Measurements, performed with samplers containing phosphoric acid-impregnated inert supporting
material and operating at specified flow rates for specified sampling periods are described in this
document. Requirements regarding sample volume are also defined.
The range of application of this document concerning the concentrations of amines in indoor air depends
on the linear range of the calibration line and hence on the gas sample volume (here: from 5 l up to 100 l),
the eluate volume (from 1 ml up to 5 ml), the injection volume (from 1 μl up to 10 μl) and the sensitivity
of the analytical equipment (e.g. linear range from 2 pg up to 2 ng amine). The range of application
can be expected to be from approximately 0,002 μg/m3 (100 l sample) up to 2 000 μg/m3 (5 l sample)
for a common analytical equipment1) for the majority of the amines listed in Annex A. The analysis of
derivatives of ethanolamine is usually about 10 times more sensitive and the analysis of short-chained
aliphatic amines is usually about 10 times less sensitive than the analysis of an average amine.
Although primarily intended for the measurement of amines listed in Annex A, this document can also
be used for the measurement of other amines in indoor air.
This document describes procedures for the fabrication and gives requirements for the use of glass
tubes containing impregnated filters out of phosphoric acid-impregnated glass wool as samplers, but
does not exclude other samplers with proven equal or improved properties. This document also gives
procedures for the demonstration of equivalence of other sampler types or methods.
This document does not cover the determination of amines in other media like water or soil.
Furthermore, it does not cover the determination of isocyanates in indoor air as corresponding amines
(covered by ISO 17734-1 and ISO 17734-2). Quaternary amines are also not included in this document.

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This document specifies a reference method using transmission electron microscopy for the determination of airborne asbestos fibres and structures in in a wide range of ambient air situations, including the interior atmospheres of buildings, and for a detailed evaluation for asbestos structures in any atmosphere. The method allows determination of the type(s) of asbestos fibres present and also includes measurement of the lengths, widths and aspect ratios of the asbestos structures. The method cannot discriminate between individual fibres of asbestos and elongate fragments (cleavage fragments and acicular particles) from non-asbestos analogues of the same amphibole mineral[13].

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This document specifies a reference method using transmission electron microscopy for the determination of airborne asbestos fibres and structures in in a wide range of ambient air situations, including the interior atmospheres of buildings, and for a detailed evaluation for asbestos structures in any atmosphere. The specimen preparation procedure incorporates ashing and dispersion of the collected particulate, so that all asbestos is measured, including the asbestos originally incorporated in particle aggregates or particles of composite materials. The lengths, widths and aspect ratios of the asbestos fibres and bundles are measured, and these, together with the density of the type of asbestos, also allow the total mass concentration of airborne asbestos to be calculated. The method allows determination of the type(s) of asbestos fibres present. The method cannot discriminate between individual fibres of the asbestos and elongate fragments (cleavage fragments and acicular particles) from non-asbestos analogues of the same amphibole mineral[12].

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This document specifies the measurement methods and strategies for determining the PM2,5 mass
concentrations of suspended particulate matter (PM) in indoor air. It can also be used for determining
PM10 mass concentration.
The reference method principle consists of collecting PM2,5 on a filter after separation of the particles
by an impaction head and weighing them by means of a balance.
Measurement procedure and main requirements are similar to the conditions specified in EN 12341.
This document also specifies procedures for operating appropriate supplementary high time resolution
instruments, which can be used to highlight peak emission, room investigation and as part of the
quality control of the reference method.
Quality assurance, determination of the measurement uncertainty and minimal reporting information
are also part of this document.
The lower range of application of this document is 2 μg/m3 of PM2,5 (i.e. the limit of detection of the
standard measurement method expressed as its uncertainty).
This document does not cover the determination of bioaerosols or the chemical characterization of
particles. For the measurement and assessment of dust composition, see the relevant technical rules in
the International Standards in the ISO 16000 series.
This document does not cover passenger compartments of vehicles and public transport systems.

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This document specifies a general laboratory test method for evaluating the reduction of formaldehyde
and other carbonyl compounds (aldehydes and ketones) concentrations by sorptive building materials.
This method applies to boards, wallpapers, carpets, paint products, and other building materials. The
sorption of those target compounds, i.e. formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds, can be brought
about by adsorption, absorption and chemisorption.
The method specified in this document employs formaldehyde and other carbonyl compound spiked
supply air to determine the performance of building materials in reducing formaldehyde and other
carbonyl compounds concentrations.
This document is based on the test chamber method specified in ISO 16000-9. Sampling, transport and
storage of materials to be tested and preparation of test specimens are specified in ISO 16000-11. Air
sampling and analytical methods for the determination of formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds
are specified in ISO 16000-3, which is part of the complete procedure.
This document applies to the determination of formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds,
such as formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acetone, benzaldehyde, butyraldehyde, valeraldehyde,
2,5-dimethylbenzaldehyde, capronaldehyde, isovaleraldehyde, propionaldehyde, o-tolualdehyde,
m-tolualdehyde, p-tolualdehyde.

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This document specifies the selection, preparation, conditioning, packaging, labelling, transportation
and storage for materials and components for, but not limited to, volatile organic compound (VOC)
testing, fogging testing and odour testing.
It pays special attention to materials sensitive to contamination and/or rapid volatilization of emissions
in order to achieve repeatable and accurate test results.

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This document specifies a method to evaluate the capacity of air purifiers to reduce the concentration
of airborne culturable bacteria.
The test is applicable to air purifiers commonly used in single room spaces.

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This document specifies the general strategies for determining the concentration of airborne particles
indoors and covers the size range from approximately 1 nm to 100 μm.
In addition, this document describes methods for identifying typical indoor particle sources and gives
general recommendations for obtaining a representative sample.
The main sources of indoor particulate matter are described in this document, together with indoor
particle dynamics. Various measurement methods are described, along with their advantages,
disadvantages and areas of application, as well as some general sampling recommendations.
Measurement strategies for determining airborne particles indoors are discussed, including reference
case studies with more specific sampling recommendations.
Additional documents in the ISO 16000 series will focus on each fraction of airborne particulate matter
and give specific recommendations for these measurements.
The determination of measurement uncertainty and minimum reporting requirements are also part of
this document.
This document does not apply to the determination of bioaerosols or the chemical characterization
of particles. For the measurement and assessment of dust composition, see the relevant part in the
ISO 16000 series.
This document does not apply to the measurement of airborne particles in vehicle passenger
compartments and public transport systems.

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This document specifies a general laboratory test method for evaluating the reduction in concentration
of VOCs by sorptive building materials. This method applies to boards, wallpapers, carpets, paint
products, and other building materials. The sorption of those target compound(s), i.e. VOCs, can be
brought about by adsorption, absorption and chemisorption. The performance of the material, with
respect to its ability to reduce the concentration of VOCs in indoor air, is evaluated by measuring
area-specific reduction rate and saturation mass per area. The former directly indicates material
performance with respect to VOC reduction at a point in time; the latter relates to the ability to maintain
that performance.
This document is based on the test chamber method specified in ISO 16000-9.
NOTE Sampling, transport and storage of materials to be tested, and preparation of test specimens, are
described in ISO 16000-11. Air sampling and analytical methods to determine VOCs are described in ISO 16000-6
and ISO 16017-1.

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This document specifies requirements for an indoor air quality management system. It is applicable to any organization that wishes to: a) establish a system for the management of the quality of indoor air; b) implement, maintain and continually improve the indoor air quality management system; c) ensure conformity to the indoor air quality management system; d) demonstrate conformity to this document. It is applicable to the indoor environments of all kinds of facilities, installations and buildings, except those that are exclusively dedicated to industrial and/or agriculture activities. It is applicable to all types of indoor environments occupied by all kinds of persons, including regular users, clients, workers, etc.

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This document specifies the procedure to sample continuously and analyse the concentration of airborne pollen grains and fungal spores in ambient air using the volumetric Hirst type sampler. This document describes both the sampling and the analysis procedures for the purpose of allergy networks. Other specifications may be required. A synergy exists between pollen and fungal spores' exposition and air pollution which requests some specific and complementary information in order to decrease the risk of health impact.

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This document specifies the sampling and analysis of phthalates in indoor air and describes the
sampling and analysis of phthalates in house dust and in solvent wipe samples of surfaces by means of
gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
Two alternative sampling and processing methods, whose comparability has been proven in a round
robin test, are specified for indoor air[4]. Sampling can take place using sorbent tubes with subsequent
thermal desorption and GC-MS analysis. Alternatively, sampling can take on other types of sorbent
tubes that are subsequently analysed by solvent extraction with GC-MS.
Depending on the sampling method, the compounds dimethyl phthalate to diisoundecylphthalate
can be analysed in house dust as described in Annex C[8]. The investigation of house dust samples is
only appropriate as a screening method. This investigation only results in indicative values and is not
acceptable for a final assessment of a potential need for action.
Dimethyl phthalate to diisoundecylphthalate can be analysed in solvent wipe samples as described in
Annex B. Solvent wipe samples are suitable for non-quantitative source identification.
NOTE In principle, the method is also suitable for the analysis of other phthalates, adipates and cyclohexane
dicarboxylic acid esters, but this is confirmed by determination of the performance characteristics in each case.
General information on phthalates are given in Annex A.

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This document, along with ISO 16000-38, specifies the measurement method for determining the mass concentration of primary, secondary and tertiary aliphatic and aromatic amines in indoor air using accumulated sampling and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (MS-MS) or high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). The analytical procedure is covered by this document. The sampling procedure and the manufacturing of the samplers are covered by ISO 16000-38. This document describes specifications for the chromatography and the mass spectroscopy for the amines. Measurement results are expressed in µg/m3. Although primarily intended for the measurement of amines listed in Tables A.1 and A.2, it can also be used for the measurement of other amines in indoor air. This document gives instructions and describes procedures for the inclusion of other amines. The range of application of this document concerning the concentrations of amines in indoor air depends on the linear range of the calibration line and hence on the gas sample volume (here: from 5 l up to 100 l), the eluate volume (from 1 ml up to 5 ml), the injection volume (from 1 µl up to 10 µl) and the sensitivity of the analytical equipment (e.g. linear range from 2 pg up to 2 ng amine). The range of application can be expected to be from approximately 0,002 µg/m3 (100 l sample) up to 2 000 µg/m3 (5 l sample) for a common analytical equipment (e.g. Waters ?TQD") for the majority of the amines listed in Tables A.1 and A.2. The analysis of derivatives of ethanolamine is usually about 10 times more sensitive and the analysis of short-chained aliphatic amines is usually about 10 times less sensitive than the analysis of an average amine. The performance data of the analytical method is given in Annex B, particularly in Tables B.1 and B.2. This document can be used also for the determination of amines in water if the detection limit is sufficient. This document does not cover the determination of isocyanates in indoor air (nor in water samples) as corresponding amines (covered by ISO 17734-1 and ISO 17734-2).

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This document specifies the procedure to sample continuously and to analyse the concentration of airborne pollen grains and fungal spores in ambient air using the volumetric Hirst type sampler [1] [2] [3] (see Annex A) or an even equivalent method assuring comparable data.
This document describes both the sampling and the analysis procedures for the purpose of networks related to allergy. For the other tasks mentioned in the introduction, other specifications may be required.

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This document specifies a large bag sampling method for measuring volatile organic compounds (VOCs), formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds which are emitted from vehicle interior parts into the air inside road vehicles. This method is intended for evaluation of large new vehicle interior parts, and complete assemblies. This is a screening method to compare similar car components under similar test conditions on a routine basis. Evaluating VOC emissions of vehicle interior parts is an important aspect of the vehicle indoor air quality. This document is complementary to existing standards and provides test laboratories and the manufacturing industry with a cost-effective evaluation of vehicle interior parts. This method is only applicable to newly manufactured vehicle parts. This method is applicable to all types of vehicles, and vehicle products which are used as parts in the interior of vehicles.

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This European Standard specifies a reference method for the determination of emissions from coatings into indoor air. This method is applicable to volatile organic compounds, semi-volatile organic compounds and volatile aldehydes.
NOTE   This European Standard is aimed at describing the overall procedure and makes use of existing standards mainly by normative reference complemented when necessary with additional or modified normative requirements.
This European Standard applies to coatings for indoor use as listed in Clause 5.It is not applicable to coatings that are applied off site or coatings that are applied on site, prior to the structure being permanently weatherproof. It is not applicable for tinting pastes that are not ready for use as coating.
It is mainly aimed at determining emission data in indoor air for the purpose of voluntary labelling of products but may also be used for CE marking and associated Attestation of Conformity in the case of products that are covered by the construction products directive.

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This document specifies a reference method for the determination of emissions from coatings into indoor air. This method is applicable to volatile organic compounds, semi-volatile organic compounds and volatile aldehydes.
NOTE 1   This document is aimed at describing the overall procedure and makes use of existing standards mainly by normative reference complemented when necessary with additional or modified normative requirements.
This document is mainly aimed at determining emission data in indoor air for the purpose of meeting national legislation requirements, and for the voluntary labelling of products.
NOTE 2   Harmonized product standards for coatings falling under the CPR can refer to this standard for the intended conditions of use.
This document applies to coatings for indoor use as listed in Clause 5.
It is not applicable for:
- coatings that are applied off site or coatings that are applied on site, prior to the structure being permanently weatherproof  except for the product type category 7 as listed in Clause 5;
- tinting pastes that are not ready for use as coating;
- non film-forming products like e.g. waxes and impregnations.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of primary, secondary and tertiary aliphatic and aromatic amines in indoor air using accumulated sampling and high-performance liquid-chromatography (HPLC) coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (MS-MS) or high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). It specifies the sampling procedure for determining the mass concentration of amines as mean values by sampling the amines on phosphoric acid impregnated filters. The analytical procedure of the measurement method is covered by ISO 16000-39. Measurements, performed with samplers containing phosphoric acid-impregnated inert supporting material and operating at specified flow rates for specified sampling periods are described in this document. Requirements regarding sample volume are also defined. The range of application of this document concerning the concentrations of amines in indoor air depends on the linear range of the calibration line and hence on the gas sample volume (here: from 5 l up to 100 l), the eluate volume (from 1 ml up to 5 ml), the injection volume (from 1 µl up to 10 µl) and the sensitivity of the analytical equipment (e.g. linear range from 2 pg up to 2 ng amine). The range of application can be expected to be from approximately 0,002 µg/m3 (100 l sample) up to 2 000 µg/m3 (5 l sample) for a common analytical equipment[1] for the majority of the amines listed in Annex A. The analysis of derivatives of ethanolamine is usually about 10 times more sensitive and the analysis of short-chained aliphatic amines is usually about 10 times less sensitive than the analysis of an average amine. Although primarily intended for the measurement of amines listed in Annex A, this document can also be used for the measurement of other amines in indoor air. This document describes procedures for the fabrication and gives requirements for the use of glass tubes containing impregnated filters out of phosphoric acid-impregnated glass wool as samplers, but does not exclude other samplers with proven equal or improved properties. This document also gives procedures for the demonstration of equivalence of other sampler types or methods. This document does not cover the determination of amines in other media like water or soil. Furthermore, it does not cover the determination of isocyanates in indoor air as corresponding amines (covered by ISO 17734-1 and ISO 17734-2). Quaternary amines are also not included in this document. [1] Waters "TQ-D" is an example of a suitable product available commercially. This information is given for the convenience of users of this document and does not constitute an endorsement by ISO of this product.

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This document specifies the measurement methods and strategies for determining the PM2,5 mass concentrations of suspended particulate matter (PM) in indoor air. It can also be used for determining PM10 mass concentration. The reference method principle consists of collecting PM2,5 on a filter after separation of the particles by an impaction head and weighing them by means of a balance. Measurement procedure and main requirements are similar to the conditions specified in EN 12341. This document also specifies procedures for operating appropriate supplementary high time resolution instruments, which can be used to highlight peak emission, room investigation and as part of the quality control of the reference method. Quality assurance, determination of the measurement uncertainty and minimal reporting information are also part of this document. The lower range of application of this document is 2 µg/m3 of PM2,5 (i.e. the limit of detection of the standard measurement method expressed as its uncertainty). This document does not cover the determination of bioaerosols or the chemical characterization of particles. For the measurement and assessment of dust composition, see the relevant technical rules in the International Standards in the ISO 16000 series. This document does not cover passenger compartments of vehicles and public transport systems.

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This document specifies a general laboratory test method for evaluating the reduction of formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds (aldehydes and ketones) concentrations by sorptive building materials. This method applies to boards, wallpapers, carpets, paint products, and other building materials. The sorption of those target compounds, i.e. formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds, can be brought about by adsorption, absorption and chemisorption. The method specified in this document employs formaldehyde and other carbonyl compound spiked supply air to determine the performance of building materials in reducing formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds concentrations. This document is based on the test chamber method specified in ISO 16000-9. Sampling, transport and storage of materials to be tested and preparation of test specimens are specified in ISO 16000-11. Air sampling and analytical methods for the determination of formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds are specified in ISO 16000-3, which is part of the complete procedure. This document applies to the determination of formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds, such as formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acetone, benzaldehyde, butyraldehyde, valeraldehyde, 2,5-dimethylbenzaldehyde, capronaldehyde, isovaleraldehyde, propionaldehyde, o-tolualdehyde, m-tolualdehyde, p-tolualdehyde.

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This document specifies a general laboratory test method for evaluating the reduction in concentration of VOCs by sorptive building materials. This method applies to boards, wallpapers, carpets, paint products, and other building materials. The sorption of those target compound(s), i.e. VOCs, can be brought about by adsorption, absorption and chemisorption. The performance of the material, with respect to its ability to reduce the concentration of VOCs in indoor air, is evaluated by measuring area-specific reduction rate and saturation mass per area. The former directly indicates material performance with respect to VOC reduction at a point in time; the latter relates to the ability to maintain that performance. This document is based on the test chamber method specified in ISO 16000-9. NOTE Sampling, transport and storage of materials to be tested, and preparation of test specimens, are described in ISO 16000-11. Air sampling and analytical methods to determine VOCs are described in ISO 16000-6 and ISO 16017-1.

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(1) This document allows the identification of the appropriate leaching test method for the determination of the release of RDS from construction products into soil, surface water and groundwater. This document provides a stepwise procedure for the determination of appropriate release tests, including:
a) determination of the test method based on general product properties;
b) choice of the test method using specific product properties.
(2) Furthermore, this Technical Specification gives general guidance for CEN Technical Product Committees and EOTA WGs on basic aspects (sampling, sample preparation and storage, eluate treatment, analysis of eluates and documentation) to be specified in the relevant product standards or ETAs.
(3) Metallic products and coatings on metallic products are not considered in the determination scheme of this Technical Specification since the test methods in CEN/TS 16637-2 (tank test) and CEN/TS 16637-3 (column test) are not appropriate for the testing of these construction products due to a different release mechanism (solubility control).
NOTE See Annex F.
(4) It is assumed that intermittent contact with water (e. g. exposure to rainwater) is tested — by convention — as permanent contact. For some coatings, (e. g. some renders with organic binders according to EN 15824 [4]) in intermittent contact to water, physical and chemical properties might be altered in permanent contact with water. These products are not considered in the determination scheme of this Technical Specification since the test method in CEN/TS 16637-2 is not appropriate for the testing of these construction products (in this case EN 16105 [5] might be an alternative method).

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This document specifies a method to evaluate the capacity of air purifiers to reduce the concentration of airborne culturable bacteria. The test is applicable to air purifiers commonly used in single room spaces.

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This document specifies the selection, preparation, conditioning, packaging, labelling, transportation and storage for materials and components for, but not limited to, volatile organic compound (VOC) testing, fogging testing and odour testing. It pays special attention to materials sensitive to contamination and/or rapid volatilization of emissions in order to achieve repeatable and accurate test results.

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This document specifies the general strategies for determining the concentration of airborne particles indoors and covers the size range from approximately 1 nm to 100 µm. In addition, this document describes methods for identifying typical indoor particle sources and gives general recommendations for obtaining a representative sample. The main sources of indoor particulate matter are described in this document, together with indoor particle dynamics. Various measurement methods are described, along with their advantages, disadvantages and areas of application, as well as some general sampling recommendations. Measurement strategies for determining airborne particles indoors are discussed, including reference case studies with more specific sampling recommendations. Additional documents in the ISO 16000 series will focus on each fraction of airborne particulate matter and give specific recommendations for these measurements. The determination of measurement uncertainty and minimum reporting requirements are also part of this document. This document does not apply to the determination of bioaerosols or the chemical characterization of particles. For the measurement and assessment of dust composition, see the relevant part in the ISO 16000 series. This document does not apply to the measurement of airborne particles in vehicle passenger compartments and public transport systems.

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This document specifies a standardized and objective process to analyse and determine the olfactory
behaviour of components, semi-finished products and materials fitted in the interior of road vehicles.
The odour determination is either performed by using samples from the interior air of road vehicles
or from emission test chamber air. This document describes an olfactory screening method based
on different scales for the olfactory assessment which are described in the annexes. Other olfactory
assessments, e.g. according to ISO 16000-28, are also possible but are not the focus of this document.

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This part of ISO 22262 is primarily intended for quantitative analysis of samples in which asbestos has
been identified at estimated mass fractions lower than approximately 5 % by weight.
This part of ISO 22262 extends the applicability and limit of detection of quantitative analysis by the
use of simple procedures of ashing and/or acid treatment prior to XRD quantification.
This part of ISO 22262 is applicable to the asbestos-containing materials identified in ISO 22262-1. The
following are examples of sample matrices:
a) any building materials in which asbestos was detected by the analysis in ISO 22262-1;
b) resilient floor tiles, asphaltic materials, roofing felts and any other materials in which asbestos is
embedded in an organic matrix and in which asbestos was detected when using ISO 22262-1;
c) wall and ceiling plasters, with or without aggregate, in which asbestos was detected when using
ISO 22262-1.
If non-asbestiform serpentine or non-asbestiform amphibole minerals are included in the matrix, the
XRD peaks that are assumed to be “possible peaks of asbestos” will represent these minerals. This
method is not for application to natural minerals that may contain asbestos or any products that
incorporate such natural minerals. This method is intended only for application to building material
samples that contain deliberately added commercial grade asbestos including tremolite asbestos.
This part of ISO 22262 is intended for use by analysts who are familiar with X-ray diffraction methods
and the other analytical procedures specified in the References [5] and [6]. It is not the intention of this
part of ISO 22262 to provide basic instruction in the fundamental analytical procedures.

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This document describes a qualitative and quantitative analytical method for vapour-phase organic
compounds released from car trim materials under simulated real use conditions, i.e. a vehicle is
parked for several hours in direct sunlight. Under these conditions, some interior parts and materials
reach higher temperatures than 65 °C (ISO 12219-4), e.g. a dashboard can reach temperatures up to
120 °C. This document can be implemented as an optional addition to ISO 12219-4 so that VOC, volatile
carbonyl and SVOC testing can all be completed within one day. This part has been added to gain insight
into the emission behaviour and emission potential of selected vehicle interior parts and materials
exposed to higher temperatures. (By convention, 100 °C is set as the higher temperature.)
The test is performed in small emission test chambers (small chambers). These small chambers are
intended to provide a transfer function for vehicle level emissions. This method is intended for
evaluating new car interior trim components but can, in principle, be applied to used car components.
The specified analytical procedure for SVOCs and semi-volatile carbonyls is ISO 16000-6.
This document is complementary to existing standards[1],[2] and provides third party test laboratories
and manufacturing industry with an approach for
— identifying the effect of real use conditions on specific VOC and SVOC emissions data,
— comparing emissions from various assemblies with regards to specific VOC and SVOC emissions,
— evaluating and sorting specific assemblies regarding specific VOC and SVOC emissions data,
— providing specific VOC and SVOC emissions data to develop and verify a correlation between
component level methods and in vehicle air quality and
— evaluating prototype, “low-emission” assemblies during development.
The method described can be exclusively performed as a high temperature test or it can be performed
in combination with the determination of VOCs at 65 °C in one run, which is described in ISO 12219-4.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the airborne concentration (μg/m3),
mass concentration (μg/g) and mass fraction (%) of tyre and road wear particles (TRWP) in ambient
particulate matter (PM) samples.
This document establishes principles for air sample collection, the generation of pyrolysis fragments
from the sample, and the quantification of the generated polymer fragments. The quantified polymer
mass is used to calculate the fraction of tyre tread in PM and concentration of tyre tread in air. These
quantities are expressed on a TRWP basis, which includes the mass of tyre tread and mass of road wear
encrustations, and can also be expressed on a tyre rubber polymer or tyre tread basis.
Air sample collection is on quartz fibre filters with size-selective input in a range of PM2,5 or PM10. The
method is suitable for the determination of TRWP in indoor or outdoor atmospheres.

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ISO 16000-33:2017 specifies the sampling and analysis of phthalates in indoor air and describes the sampling and analysis of phthalates in house dust and in solvent wipe samples of surfaces by means of gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Two alternative sampling and processing methods, whose comparability has been proven in a round robin test, are specified for indoor air[4]. Sampling can take place using sorbent tubes with subsequent thermal desorption and GC-MS analysis. Alternatively, sampling can take on other types of sorbent tubes that are subsequently analysed by solvent extraction with GC-MS. Depending on the sampling method, the compounds dimethyl phthalate to diisoundecylphthalate can be analysed in house dust as described in Annex C[8]. The investigation of house dust samples is only appropriate as a screening method. This investigation only results in indicative values and is not acceptable for a final assessment of a potential need for action. Dimethyl phthalate to diisoundecylphthalate can be analysed in solvent wipe samples as described in Annex B. Solvent wipe samples are suitable for non-quantitative source identification. NOTE In principle, the method is also suitable for the analysis of other phthalates, adipates and cyclohexane dicarboxylic acid esters, but this is confirmed by determination of the performance characteristics in each case. General information on phthalates are given in Annex A.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of the mass concentration of water soluble NO3-, SO42-, Cl-, NH4+, Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+ in PM2,5 as deposited on filters.
This European Standard describes a measurement method which comprises sampling of anions and cations as part of the PM2,5 particulate phase, sample extraction and analysis of anions and cations by ion chromatography.
NOTE 1   Alternatively, cations, excluding ammonium, can be analysed by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). Ammonium can also be analysed by photometry or conductometry.
This European Standard can be used for the measurements of anions and cations as required by Directive 2008/50/EC. The method does not take into account the possible losses  during sampling due to evaporation.
NOTE 2   NO3-, Cl-, NH4+ are part of the volatile fraction of PM2,5, and the concentrations determined using this standard can be used as minimum values for the concentrations of these ions in PM2,5. NO3-, NH4+, Cl- are usually 0 % to 30 % underestimated due to evaporational losses from the filter during sampling.
This European Standard may be used at rural and urban background sites and road sites that are in accordance with the siting criteria of Directive 2008/50/EC.
This European Standard is applicable to the measurement of anion/cations in PM2,5 samples corresponding to mass concentrations between approximately 1 μg/m3  (i.e. the limit of detection of the standard measurement method (EN 12341) expressed as its uncertainty) up to 120 μg/m3.
The validated range of the anion and cation concentrations based on the field validation measurements is presented in Table 1.
See Annex F for the statistical analysis of the field validation measurements.

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