This document specifies fuels whose use is recommended for performing the exhaust emission test cycles given in ISO 8178-4. It is applicable to reciprocating internal combustion engines for mobile, transportable and stationary installations excluding engines for vehicles primarily designed for road use. This document is applicable to engines used, e.g. earth-moving machines and generating sets, and for other applications.

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This document specifies the test cycles, the test procedures and the evaluation of gaseous and particulate exhaust emissions from reciprocating internal combustion (RIC) engines coupled to a dynamometer. With certain restrictions, this document can also be used for measurements at site. The tests are carried out under steady-state and transient operation using test cycles which are representative of given applications. This document is applicable to RIC engines for mobile, transportable and stationary use, excluding engines for on-road transport of passengers and goods. It can be applied to engines for non-road use, e.g. for earth-moving machines, generating sets and for other applications. For engines used in machinery covered by additional requirements (e.g. occupational health and safety regulations, regulations for power plants), additional test conditions and special evaluation methods can apply.

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This document specifies the measurement methods for gaseous and particulate exhaust emissions from reciprocating internal combustion (RIC) engines on a test bed, necessary for determining one weighted value for each exhaust gas pollutant. Various combinations of engine load and speed reflect different engine applications (see ISO 8178‑4). This document is applicable to RIC engines for mobile, transportable and stationary use, excluding engines for motor vehicles primarily designed for road use. This document can be applied to engines used, for example, for earth-moving machines, generating sets and for other applications.

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This document specifies a basic measurement method by using a permeation test procedure for evaporative emissions from motorcycles. It is applicable to motorcycles equipped with a fuel tank to store liquid high volatile fuel and with a spark ignition engine (four-stroke engine, two-stroke engine or rotary piston engine).

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This document provides
• information, guidance and specifications on how
o to set up an air quality and emissions management policy;
o to deploy reliable and scalable technologies to monitor air quality on a continuous or regular basis;
o to react with adequate measures;
o to specify air quality levels for triggering a scenario;
• a toolkit of parameters and data definitions that a regulator can use;
• means to measure the air quality required by relevant EU directives
• to specify use of TS Intelligent transport systems - Urban-ITS - 'Controlled Zone' management using C-ITS, for the purposes of geofenced controlled zones for emissions management
NOTE: In order to maximise European harmonisation, it is recommended that this specification is used in combination with a module of standardised data concepts, however, this version of this document, which is focussed on policies and procedures, does not provide these data concept specifications.

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This document provides
• information, guidance and specifications on how
o to set up an air quality and emissions management policy;
o to deploy reliable and scalable technologies to monitor air quality on a continuous or regular basis;
o to react with adequate measures;
o to specify air quality levels for triggering a scenario;
• a toolkit of parameters and data definitions that a regulator can use;
• means to measure the air quality required by relevant EU directives
• to specify use of TS Intelligent transport systems - Urban-ITS - 'Controlled Zone' management using C-ITS, for the purposes of geofenced controlled zones for emissions management
NOTE: In order to maximise European harmonisation, it is recommended that this specification is used in combination with a module of standardised data concepts, however, this version of this document, which is focussed on policies and procedures, does not provide these data concept specifications.

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This document specifies the measurement procedures and test cycles for the evaluation of smoke emissions from compression ignition engines using an opacimeter. The tests are carried out under steady-state and transient operation using tests cycles which are representative of a given application. The smoke testing is conducted using opacimeter-type smoke meters which operate on the light extinction principle. The purpose of this document is to define the smoke test cycles and the methods used to measure the opacity and for the determination of the light absorption coefficient. It allows the use of either full-flow or partial-flow opacimeters and corrects for differences in rise time between the two types of opacimeters. Specifications of the apparatus for the measurement of opacity can be found in ISO 11614. The test procedures and measurement techniques described in this document are applicable to reciprocating internal combustion (RIC) engines in general. Annex D, Annex E, Annex F and Annex G each contains a test cycle that is relevant only for those specific applications listed in the first subclause of that annex. Where possible, the smoke test cycle described in the annex utilizes the engine and machine categories developed in ISO 8178‑4. For certain categories of non-road engines "at site" rather than "test bed" smoke test procedures can prove to be necessary. For engines used in machinery covered by additional requirements (e.g. occupational health and safety regulations), additional test conditions and special evaluation methods can apply.

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This document specifies a basic measurement method by using the SHED (Sealed Housing for Evaporative Determination) test procedure for evaporative emissions from motorcycles. It is applicable to motorcycles equipped with a spark ignition engine (four-stroke engine, two-stroke engine or rotary piston engine).

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This document specifies a method for the measurement of smoke from exhaust gas of reciprocating internal combustion (RIC) engines at a steady state condition. The method evaluates the soot content by measurement of the blackening of a filter and derivation of black carbon mass concentration (mg/m3) from FSN. Where necessary, individual requirements may be specified for particular engine applications. This document is applicable to RIC engines for mobile, transportable and stationary use, excluding engines for on-road transport of passengers and goods. It can be applied to engines for non-road use, e.g. for earth-moving machines, generating sets and for other applications. For engines used in machinery covered by additional requirements (e.g. occupational health and safety regulations, regulations for power plants) additional test conditions and special evaluation methods can apply.

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This document specifies requirements for applying and documenting methods for determining particulate contamination on functionally-relevant components and systems (cleanliness inspection) of road vehicles. A cleanliness inspection comprises the basis of an assessment of technical cleanliness, which is performed, for example, under the following circumstances: — initial inspection and evaluation; — inspection of incoming and outgoing components; and — quality control or monitoring of manufacturing processes relevant to cleanliness (e.g. cleaning, surface treatment and assembly processes). This document is intended to improve the informative quality and comparability of test results. It also defines the standardized expression of cleanliness specifications and cleanliness test results in the quality chain of the automotive industry. This document does not apply to the following: — detection of filmy contamination (grease, oils, etc.); — application of non-quantifiable particulate detection methods on test components (e.g. visual assessment, wipe test with clean cloth, etc.); and — characterization of operating fluids (fuel, oils, coolants, brake fluid, etc.). This document does not define any cleanliness limit values for specific components or systems. The degree of cleanliness required for a specific component or system is dependent on a number of highly-individual factors. Cleanliness specifications are intended to be undertaken only by specialists who not only know the component concerned but also the system it is built into, the later conditions of use, technically-feasible practices and possible consequences for manufacturing processes and the supply chain. Guidance for deriving limit values can be found in Annex H.

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ISO 8178-6:2018 specifies a data format for reporting the measurement results of exhaust emissions from RIC engines for mobile, transportable and stationary use, excluding engines for motor vehicles primarily designed for road use. It includes basic information of the engine being tested. Equivalent data formats including those that are electronically generated can be used as long as the required engine, test cell and test data information is made available. ISO 8178-6:2018 applies to measurement in the laboratory and, where applicable, at site. For engines used in machinery covered by additional requirements (e.g. occupational health and safety regulations, dust regulations for powerplants), additional test conditions and special evaluation methods can apply. NOTE Since the report format defined in this document is intended to be applicable to all types of internal combustion engines, some items are, in certain cases, not necessary for specific engines and/or tests, especially when measuring on site. On the other hand, some additional items can be necessary according to test purposes. Deletion and addition of items to be reported are based on agreement between the parties involved.

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This European Standard applies to apparatus for the detection and/or the measurement of carbon
monoxide (CO), nitrogen monoxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) intended to control a ventilation
system and/or to give an indication, alarm or any other signal to warn of a toxic hazard. These three
gases are generically called “target gases” for the purpose of this European Standard.
National and local regulations might not require detection of NO or NO2 and might require detection of
other gases or vapours.
This European Standard includes requirements for remote gas sensors (RGS) to be used in car parks
and tunnels and requirements for the control unit (CU) to be used in car parks.
This European Standard specifies general requirements for construction and testing and describes the
test methods that apply to fixed apparatus for the detection and/or the measurement of the
concentration of the target gases in car parks and tunnels. This European Standard may also be
applied to similar applications where the concentration of the target gases could lead to a risk to
health, for example loading areas for trucks and underground bus stations.
This European Standard also applies when an apparatus manufacturer makes any claims regarding
superior performance that exceeds these minimum requirements.
This European Standard applies to apparatus, including the sampling system if applicable.
This European Standard does not specify requirements for apparatus to be installed in hazardous areas.
This European Standard does not apply for applications already covered by the following standards:
– domestic premises, covered by EN 50291-1;
– boats, craft, caravans or mobile homes, covered by EN 50291-2;
– workplace atmospheres, covered by EN 45544 series;
– emissions of heaters, covered by EN 50379 series;
– motor vehicles emissions, covered by ISO/PAS 3930;
– monitoring of the LEL level of combustible gases, covered by EN 60079-29-1.
This European Standard does not apply for the following applications and technologies:
– confined spaces not accessible to people;
– laboratory or analytical equipment;
– apparatus used to control industrial processes;
– portable and transportable apparatus;
– open path gas detection;
– tunnel construction;
– monitoring of particulates and dust;
– monitoring of combustible gases;
– CO monitoring for fire detection.

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ISO 15031-3:2016 references the latest publication of SAE J1962. On-board diagnostic (OBD) regulations require road vehicles to be equipped with a standardized connector for purposes of access to OBD information by ISO 15031‑4 compliant external test equipment. This part of ISO 15031 describes the requirements for the physical connection and associated pin usage to allow for standard access to the OBD data. The first edition of this part of ISO 15031 was based on SAE J1962 and was intended to meet European OBD requirements for 2000 and later model year vehicles, and added a modified connector type to accommodate vehicles with a 24 V system. This revised part of ISO 15031 is technically equivalent to SAE J1962 with the exception of the specific requirements identified in the document. ISO 15031-3:2016 specifies additional requirements related to right hand driven (RHD) vehicles. Annex A and Annex B are for information and not required to fulfil emissions-related OBD.

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ISO 19449:2015 specifies methods for the direct measurement of the concentration of gaseous exhaust emissions from mopeds as defined in ISO 3833 during inspection or maintenance. The results measured by this International Standard show the concentration of gaseous exhaust emissions in the no-load engine operating condition. It is applicable to mopeds having spark ignition engines (four-stroke engines or two-stroke engines). These methods can be used, either totally or partially, for - periodic inspections in official garages, - official roadside checks, and - maintenance and diagnostic operations.

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ISO 8178-5:2015 specifies fuels whose use is recommended for performing the exhaust emission test cycles given in ISO 8178-4. It is applicable to reciprocating internal combustion engines for mobile, transportable and stationary installations excluding engines for vehicles primarily designed for road use. This part of ISO 8178 may be applied to engines used, e.g. earth-moving machines and generating sets, and for other applications.

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ISO 8178-8:2015 specifies the parameters to be applied for the determination of which engine specifications can be included in an engine group and for the selection of the parent engine of the group. It can be applied for applications that might require modification or adjustment to suit at-site operating conditions. Such applications include stationary engines and engines for shipping.

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ISO 15031-5:2015 is intended to satisfy the data reporting requirements of On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) regulations in the United States and Europe and any other region that may adopt similar requirements in the future. It specifies: message formats for request and response messages, timing requirements between request messages from external test equipment and response messages from vehicles and between those messages and subsequent request messages, behaviour of both the vehicle and external test equipment if data are not available, and a set of diagnostic services, with corresponding content of request and response messages, to satisfy OBD regulations. ISO 15031-5:2015 includes capabilities required to satisfy OBD requirements for multiple regions, model years, engine types, and vehicle types. Those regulations are not yet final for some regions and are expected to change in the future. ISO 15031-5:2015 makes no attempt to interpret the regulations and does not include applicability of the included diagnostic services and data parameters for various vehicle applications. The user of ISO 15031-5:2015 is responsible for verifying the applicability of each clause of this part of ISO 15031 for a specific vehicle, engine, model year, and region. ISO 15031-5:2015 specifies diagnostic services and functionally addressed request/response messages required to be supported by motor vehicles and external test equipment for diagnostic purposes which pertain to motor vehicle emission-related data. Any external test equipment meeting the requirements of ISO 15031‑4 use these messages to retrieve emissions-related information from the vehicle. Each clause in ISO 15031-5:2015 which specifies additional details to existing clauses of ISO 9141‑2, ISO 14230‑4, SAE J1850, and ISO 15765‑4 supersede those specifications. ISO 15031-5:2015 references SAE J1979-DA (Digital Annex), which includes all definitions of PIDs, OBDMIDs, TIDs, and INFOTYPEs. ISO 15031-5:2015 provides the mechanism to satisfy the requirements included in the country-specific regulations and not all capabilities included in ISO 15031-5:2015 are required by the country-specific regulations. ISO 15031-5:2015 is not considered a final authority for interpretation of the regulations. Therefore, readers should determine the applicability of capabilities defined in ISO 15031-5:2015 for their own specific needs.

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ISO 15031-6:2015 provides uniformity for standardized diagnostic trouble codes (DTC) that electrical/electronic On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) systems of motor vehicles are required to report when malfunctions are detected. It further provides guidance for uniform messages (text descriptor) associated with these codes. ISO 15031-6:2015 specifies the rules and guidelines for the definition of the following: a) the diagnostic trouble code format, which consists of addressing format, structure and messages; b) a description of the standardized set of diagnostic trouble codes and descriptions contained in SAE J2012-DA. The two most significant bytes of a DTC may be decoded according to two different lists in two formats: DTC Format Identifier 0016 and 0416; and c) a description of the standardized set of diagnostic trouble codes subtypes known as failure types contained in SAE J2012-DA (applies only when 3-byte DTCs are used). ISO 15031-6:2015 specifies all general rules and guidelines to define new diagnostic trouble codes. It references SAE J2012-DA (Digital Annex), which includes all standardized DTCs (number and text descriptor) as well as all diagnostic trouble codes subtypes known as failure types.

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ISO 8178-7:2015 specifies the parameters to be applied for the determination of which engine specifications may be included in an engine family and for the selection of the parent engine of the family. ISO 8178-7:2015 is applicable to reciprocating internal combustion engines for land, rail traction, and marine use, excluding engines for motor vehicles primarily designed for on-road operation. It may be applied to engines for power production and/or propulsion, e.g. agricultural equipment, road construction and earth moving machines, industrial trucks, generating sets, etc.

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This International Standard specifies the measurement and evaluation methods for gaseous and
particulate exhaust emissions from reciprocating internal combustion (RIC) engines under steady-state
conditions on a test bed, necessary for determining one weighted value for each exhaust gas pollutant.
Various combinations of engine load and speed reflect different engine applications.
This International Standard is applicable to RIC marine engines intended to be installed in small craft
up to 24 m length of hull.

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ISO 18854:2015 specifies the measurement and evaluation methods for gaseous and particulate exhaust emissions from reciprocating internal combustion (RIC) engines under steady-state conditions on a test bed, necessary for determining one weighted value for each exhaust gas pollutant. Various combinations of engine load and speed reflect different engine applications. It is applicable to RIC marine engines intended to be installed in small craft up to 24 m length of hull.

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ISO 6460-2:2014 defines test cycles for measurement for the gaseous exhaust emissions from motorcycles, as well as for determining the fuel consumption of motorcycles as defined in ISO 3833, equipped with a spark ignition engine (four-stroke engine, two-stroke engine, or rotary piston engine) or a compression ignition engine. The test cycle 1 is equivalent to the test cycle specified in the European Union Commission Directive 2003/77/EC[6] and the test cycle 2 is equivalent to the test cycle specified in global technical regulations No.2 (WMTC), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, ECE/TRANS/180/Add.2[9]. A selection of other test cycles adopted or to be adopted by several countries is described in Annex C for information purpose.

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ISO 15031-4:2014 specifies a set of standard diagnostic services to be provided by vehicles (OBD services). ISO 15031-4:2014 specifies a complementary set of facilities, to be provided by external test equipment, which will include scan tool facilities. These facilities provide complete, efficient, and safe access to all of the public OBD (on-board diagnosis) services on any vehicle, which is compliant with ISO 15031-4:2014. ISO 15031-4:2014 specifies - a means of establishing communications between an OBD-equipped vehicle and external test equipment, and - a set of diagnostic services to be provided by the external test equipment in order to exercise the services defined in ISO 15031‑5. ISO 15031-4:2014 does not preclude the inclusion of additional capabilities or functions in external test equipment. However, it is the responsibility of the external test equipment designer to ensure that no such capability or function can adversely affect either an OBD-equipped vehicle, which may be connected to the external test equipment or the external test equipment itself.

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ISO 15031-7:2013 gives guidelines for the protection of road vehicle modules from unauthorized intrusion through a vehicle diagnostic data link. These security measures offer vehicle manufacturers the flexibility to tailor their security to their own specific needs and do not exclude other, additional measures. ISO 15031-7:2013 applies to vehicle modules whose solid-state memory contents are able to be altered from outside the electronic module through a diagnostic data communication link. Such alteration could potentially damage a vehicle's electronics or other components, placing at risk its compliance with government legislation or the vehicle manufacturer's interests in respect of security.

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ISO 17479:2013 specifies methods for the direct measurement of the concentration of gaseous exhaust emissions from motorcycles as defined in ISO 3833 during inspection or maintenance. The results measured by this International Standard show the concentration of gaseous exhaust emissions in the no-load engine operating condition. It is applicable to motorcycles having spark ignition engines (four-stroke engines or two-stroke engines). This methods can be used, either totally or partially, for a) periodic inspections in official garages, b) official roadside checks, and c) maintenance and diagnostic operations.

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This European Standard establishes a common methodology for the calculation and declaration of energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions related to any transport service (of freight, passengers or both). It specifies general principles, definitions, system boundaries, calculation methods, apportionment rules (allocation) and data recommendations, with the objective to promote standardised, accurate, credible and verifiable declarations, regarding energy consumption and GHG emissions related to any transport service quantified. It also includes examples on the application of the principles. Potential users of this standard are any person or organisation who needs to refer to a standardised methodology when communicating the results of the quantification of energy consumption and GHG emissions related to a transport service, especially: - transport service operators (freight or passengers carriers); - transport service organisers (carriers subcontracting transport operations, freight forwarders and travel agencies); - transport service users (shippers and passengers).

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ISO 6855-1:2012 specifies the general test requirements for measurement for the gaseous exhaust emissions from mopeds, and for determining the fuel consumption of mopeds as defined in ISO 3833. It is applicable to mopeds equipped with a spark ignition engine (four-stroke engine, two-stroke engine or rotary piston engine).

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ISO 6855-3 specifies the methods of measurement for fuel consumption at a constant speed on the road and on the chassis dynamometer. It is applicable to mopeds as defined in ISO 3833 equipped with a spark ignition engine (four-stroke engine, two-stroke engine or rotary piston engine).

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This part of ISO 6855 defines test cycles for measurement for gaseous exhaust emissions from mopeds, as well as for determining the fuel consumption of mopeds as defined in ISO 3833, equipped with a spark ignition engine (four-stroke engine, two-stroke engine or rotary piston engine).

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This European Standard applies to apparatus for the detection and/or the measurement of carbon
monoxide (CO), nitrogen monoxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) intended to control a ventilation
system and/or to give an indication, alarm or any other signal to warn of a toxic hazard. These three
gases are generically called “target gases” for the purpose of this European Standard.
National and local regulations might not require detection of NO or NO2 and might require detection of
other gases or vapours.
This European Standard includes requirements for remote gas sensors (RGS) to be used in car parks
and tunnels and requirements for the control unit (CU) to be used in car parks.
This European Standard specifies general requirements for construction and testing and describes the
test methods that apply to fixed apparatus for the detection and/or the measurement of the
concentration of the target gases in car parks and tunnels. This European Standard may also be
applied to similar applications where the concentration of the target gases could lead to a risk to
health, for example loading areas for trucks and underground bus stations.
This European Standard also applies when an apparatus manufacturer makes any claims regarding
superior performance that exceeds these minimum requirements.
This European Standard applies to apparatus, including the sampling system if applicable.
This European Standard does not specify requirements for apparatus to be installed in hazardous areas.
This European Standard does not apply for applications already covered by the following standards:
– domestic premises, covered by EN 50291-1;
– boats, craft, caravans or mobile homes, covered by EN 50291-2;
– workplace atmospheres, covered by EN 45544 series;
– emissions of heaters, covered by EN 50379 series;
– motor vehicles emissions, covered by ISO/PAS 3930;
– monitoring of the LEL level of combustible gases, covered by EN 60079-29-1.
This European Standard does not apply for the following applications and technologies:
– confined spaces not accessible to people;
– laboratory or analytical equipment;
– apparatus used to control industrial processes;
– portable and transportable apparatus;
– open path gas detection;
– tunnel construction;
– monitoring of particulates and dust;
– monitoring of combustible gases;
– CO monitoring for fire detection.

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This European Standard applies to apparatus for the detection and/or the measurement of carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen monoxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) intended to control a ventilation system and/or to give an indication, alarm or any other signal to warn of a toxic hazard. These three gases are generically called “target gases” for the purpose of this European Standard. National and local regulations might not require detection of NO or NO2 and might require detection of other gases or vapours. This European Standard includes requirements for remote gas sensors (RGS) to be used in car parks and tunnels and requirements for the control unit (CU) to be used in car parks. This European Standard specifies general requirements for construction and testing and describes the test methods that apply to fixed apparatus for the detection and/or the measurement of the concentration of the target gases in car parks and tunnels. This European Standard may also be applied to similar applications where the concentration of the target gases could lead to a risk to health, for example loading areas for trucks and underground bus stations. This European Standard also applies when an apparatus manufacturer makes any claims regarding superior performance that exceeds these minimum requirements. This European Standard applies to apparatus, including the sampling system if applicable. This European Standard does not specify requirements for apparatus to be installed in hazardous areas. This European Standard does not apply for applications already covered by the following standards: – domestic premises, covered by EN 50291-1; – boats, craft, caravans or mobile homes, covered by EN 50291-2; – workplace atmospheres, covered by EN 45544 series; – emissions of heaters, covered by EN 50379 series; – motor vehicles emissions, covered by ISO/PAS 3930; – monitoring of the LEL level of combustible gases, covered by EN 60079-29-1. This European Standard does not apply for the following applications and technologies: – confined spaces not accessible to people; – laboratory or analytical equipment; – apparatus used to control industrial processes; – portable and transportable apparatus; – open path gas detection; – tunnel construction; – monitoring of particulates and dust; – monitoring of combustible gases; – CO monitoring for fire detection.

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This European Standard defines a test method for determination of the smoke density due to pyrolitic decomposition of solid materials and composite materials of up to 25 mm in thickness under the influence of radiant heat only or with simultaneous flame application.
The test results enable a comparison of the smoke production of different materials or material configurations under the conditions specified in this standard.
NOTE 1   The smoke gas density is determined according to the specific environmental and test conditions defined in EN 2824 and this standard. No studies have been made up to now to determine whether the results can be transferred to differing conditions, particularly to actual fire conditions.
NOTE 2   The burning behaviour - and consequently the smoke density - of aerospace materials are not only influenced by the type of material but also to a large extent by the configuration, the specific surface and mass, the combination with other materials, the means of joining as well as the processing technique.

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Cette Norme européenne définit une méthode d’essai pour déterminer la concentration de certains composants de gaz dus à la décomposition pyrolytique de matériaux solides et de matériaux composites sous l’action de chaleur rayonnante uniquement ou avec application simultanée de flammes.
NOTE 1   Les composants de gaz de fumée sont déterminés selon les conditions d’essai et d’environnement spécifiques dans l’EN 2824 et la présente norme. Aucune étude n’a été menée jusqu’à présent pour déterminer si les résultats peuvent être transposés à des conditions différentes, en particulier aux conditions de feu réelles. L'incidence concernant le risque et l’irritation toxiques par inhalation ne peut être évaluée par simple mesure de la concentration des composants individuels de gaz de fumée.
NOTE 2   Le comportement de la combustion et donc des composants de gaz de fumée des matériaux aérospatiaux ne sont pas seulement influencés par le type de matériau mais encore, dans une grande mesure, par la configuration, la surface et la masse spécifiques, la combinaison avec d'autres matériaux, les moyens de soudage ainsi que la technique de traitement.
NOTE 3   Ces influences doivent être prises en considération lors de la préparation des essais, du choix des éprouvettes et de l'interprétation des résultats d'essai.

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ISO 15031-1:2010 gives an overview of the structure and the partitioning of ISO 15031 (Road vehicles — Communication between vehicle and external test equipment for emissions-related diagnostics), and shows the relation between the different parts. It also defines the corresponding SAE recommended practices and reference to the SAE Digital Annexes. The terminology defined in ISO 15031-1:2010 is common for all parts of ISO 15031. ISO 15031-1:2010 also describes the use cases applicable to the communication between vehicle and external test equipment for emissions-related diagnostics.

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ISO 15031-2:2010 provides guidance on the usage of terms, definitions, abbreviations and acronyms used in emissions-related diagnostics, with respect to the communication between road vehicles and external equipment used in that field. It also specifies a procedure for constructing new terms. As it gives recommended usage of diagnostic terms applicable to electrical/electronic systems, it also makes reference to related mechanical terms, definitions, abbreviations and acronyms. ISO 15031-2:2010 is applicable to all light-duty gasoline and diesel passenger vehicles and trucks, and to heavy-duty gasoline vehicles. Specific applications of this document include diagnostic, service and repair manuals, bulletins and updates, training manuals, repair databases, underhood emission labels and emission certification applications. ISO 15031-2:2010 is intended to help industry provide standard terms, definitions, abbreviations and acronyms with a view to establishing a common terminology for diagnostic tools and publications.

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ISO 8178-2:2008, together with ISO 8178-1 and ISO 8178-11, specifies the measurement and evaluation methods for gaseous and particulate exhaust emission from reciprocating internal combustion engines (RIC engines) under steady-state and transient conditions for field testing. ISO 8178-2:2008 is applied when RIC engines used in off-road vehicles, marine installations, generating sets, diesel rail traction or similar applications must be measured under field conditions or at site in order to determine the in-use compliance or when it is not possible to take the measurements under test-bed conditions or to use the test-bed measurement results.

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ISO 6460-1:2007 specifies the general test requirements for measurement for the gaseous exhaust emissions from motorcycles, and for determining the fuel consumption of motorcycles as defined in ISO 3833. It is applicable to motorcycles equipped with a spark ignition engine (4-stroke engine, 2-stroke engine or rotary piston engine) or a compression ignition engine.

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ISO 6460-3:2007 specifies the methods of measurement for fuel consumption at a constant speed on the road and on the chassis dynamometer. It is applicable to motorcycles as defined in ISO 3833 equipped with a spark ignition engine (four-stroke engine, two-stroke engine or rotary piston engine) or a compression ignition engine.

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ISO 3929:2003 specifies methods for the direct measurement of the concentration of exhaust gas emissions from road vehicles during inspection or maintenance. It is applicable to vehicles having a maximum authorized total mass (ISO-M08, as defined in ISO 1176) not exceeding 3,5 t, equipped with controlled ignition engines, but excluding those supplied with a fuel/oil mixture (with or without automatic mixer). The methods can be used, either totally or partially, for periodic inspections in official garages, official roadside checks (e.g. by police) and maintenance and diagnostic operations.

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ISO 16183 specifies methods for the measurement and evaluation of gaseous and particulate exhaust emissions from heavy-duty engines under transient conditions on a test bed. The procedures it defines can be applied to any transient test cycle that does not require extreme system response times; it can therefore be used as an option to the regulated measurement equipment (usually CVS-type systems) of certification test cycles (e.g. ETC and FTP), with the approval of the certification agency. ISO 16183 is applicable to heavy-duty engines for commercial vehicles primarily designed for road use, but can also be applied to passenger car engines and to engines used for non-road applications. The test equipment specified can also be applied to steady-state test cycles, however, if so, the calculation procedures will need to be replaced by those applicable to the particular test cycle.

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This International Standard specifies the general requirements and the installation of apparatus for measurement of the opacity and for the determination of the light absorption coefficient of exhaust gas from internal combustion engines (not confined to road vehicles). These instruments are known as opacimeters.

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This second edition cancals and replaces the first edition (1982). This part is the fourth of a series of eight. Specifies a method of measuring the smoke emiited by the engines of tractors operating at a steady speed. Annex A gives characteristics of opacimeters; installation and use of theopacimeter is described in annex B; annex C tabulates reference fuel specifications; annex D includes an specimen test report.

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This second edition cancals and replaces the first edition (1982). This part is the fourth of a series of eight. Specifies a method of measuring the smoke emiited by the engines of tractors operating at a steady speed. Annex A gives characteristics of opacimeters; installation and use of theopacimeter is described in annex B; annex C tabulates reference fuel specifications; annex D includes an specimen test report.

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This European Standard specifies the noise emission measurement methods and the configuration and conditions that are intended to be used for the tests in order to define:
-   the Sound Power Level (LWA) of the truck; and
-   the Sound Pressure Level (LpA) at the operator’s position.
This European Standard applies to:
-   rough-terrain variable-reach trucks covered by EN 1459-1; and
-   slewing rough-terrain variable-reach trucks covered by EN 1459-2.
It is intended that these tests and measurements are conducted on new machines, taken from the production line.
This standard applies to trucks manufactured after the date of publication.

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