DOW = DAV+36 months

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This document specifies a method for determining optical and dielectric constants in the UV-VIS-NIR spectral range as well as layer thicknesses in the field of at-line production control, quality assurance and material development through accredited test laboratories. It is applicable to stand-alone measuring systems. The presentation of the uncertainty of results conforms to ISO/IEC Guide 98-3.

  • Standard
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IEC GUIDE 115:2021 is available as IEC GUIDE 115:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC Guide 115:2021 presents a practical approach to the application of uncertainty of measurement to conformity assessment activities in the electrotechnical sector. It is specifically conceived for use in IECEE Schemes as well as by testing laboratories engaged in testing electrical products to national safety standards. It describes the application of uncertainty of measurement principles and provides guidance on making uncertainty of measurement calculations. It also gives some examples relating to uncertainty of measurement calculations for product conformity assessment testing. IEC Guide 115 has been prepared by the IECEE Committee of Testing Laboratories (CTL) to provide guidance on the practical application of the measurement uncertainty requirements of ISO/IEC 17025 to the electrical safety testing conducted within the IECEE CB Scheme. The IECEE CB Scheme is a multilateral, international agreement, among over 40 countries and some 60 national certification bodies, for the acceptance of test reports on electrical products tested to IEC standards.The aim of the CTL is, among other tasks, to define a common understanding of the test methodology with regard to the IEC standards as well as to ensure and continually improve the repeatability and reproducibility of test results among the member laboratories. The practical approach to measurement uncertainty outlined in this document has been adopted for use in the IECEE Schemes, and is also extensively used around the world by testing laboratories engaged in testing electrical products to national safety standards.

  • Guide
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IEC 61010-2-202:2020 is available as IEC 61010-2-202:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.

IEC 61010-2-202:2020 constitutes Part 2-202 of a planned series of standards on industrial-process measurement, control and automation equipment. Safety terms of general use are defined in IEC 61010-1. More specific terms are defined in each part. This part incorporates the safety related requirements of electrically operated valve ACTUATORs and SOLENOIDs. This document does not cover functional safety aspects of electrically operated ACTUATORs and SOLENOIDs.

  • Standard
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This document provides guidance on developing and using a measurement model and also covers the assessment of the adequacy of a measurement model. The document is of particular interest to developers of measurement procedures, working instructions and documentary standards. The model describes the relationship between the output quantity (the measurand) and the input quantities known to be involved in the measurement. The model is used to obtain a value for the measurand and an associated uncertainty. Measurement models are also used in, for example, design studies, simulation of processes, and in engineering, research and development. This document explains how to accommodate in a measurement model the quantities involved. These quantities relate i) to the phenomenon or phenomena on which the measurement is based, that is, the measurement principle, ii) to effects arising in the specific measurement, and iii) to the interaction with the artefact or sample subject to measurement. The guidance provided is organised in accordance with a work flow that could be contemplated when developing a measurement model from the beginning. This work flow starts with the specification of the measurand (clause 6). Then the measurement principle is modelled (clause 7) and an appropriate form of the model is chosen (clause 8). The basic model thus obtained is extended by identifying (clause 9) and adding (clause 10) effects arising from the measurement and the artefact or sample subject to measurement. Guidance on assessing the adequacy of the resulting measurement model is given in clause 12. The distinction between the basic model and the (complete) measurement model in the work flow should be helpful to those readers who already have a substantial part of the measurement model in place, but would like to verify that it contains all effects arising from the measurement so that it is fit for purpose. Guidance on the assignment of probability distributions to the quantities appearing in the measurement model is given in JCGM 100:2008 and JCGM 101:2008. In clause 11, this guidance is supplemented by describing how statistical models can be developed and used for this purpose. When using a measurement model, numerical problems can arise including computational effects such as rounding and numerical overflow. It is demonstrated how such problems can often be alleviated by expressing a model differently so that it performs well in calculations. It is also shown how a reformulation of the model can sometimes be used to eliminate some correlation effects among the input quantities when such dependencies exist. Examples from a number of metrology disciplines illustrate the guidance provided in this document.

  • Guide
    96 pages
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IEC 61010-2-202:2020 is available as IEC 61010-2-202:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61010-2-202:2020 constitutes Part 2-202 of a planned series of standards on industrial-process measurement, control and automation equipment. Safety terms of general use are defined in IEC 61010-1. More specific terms are defined in each part. This part incorporates the safety related requirements of electrically operated valve ACTUATORs and SOLENOIDs. This document does not cover functional safety aspects of electrically operated ACTUATORs and SOLENOIDs.

  • Standard
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1.1 This document
— amplifies the general principles for designing experiments for the numerical estimation of the precision of measurement methods by means of a collaborative interlaboratory experiment;
— provides a detailed practical description of the basic method for routine use in estimating the precision of measurement methods;
— provides guidance to all personnel concerned with designing, performing or analysing the results of the tests for estimating precision.
NOTE Modifications to this basic method for particular purposes are given in other parts of ISO 5725.
1.2 It is concerned exclusively with measurement methods which yield measurements on a continuous scale and give a single value as the test result, although this single value can be the outcome of a calculation from a set of observations.
1.3 It assumes that in the design and performance of the precision experiment, all the principles as laid down in ISO 5725-1 are observed. The basic method uses the same number of test results in each laboratory, with each laboratory analysing the same levels of test sample; i.e. a balanced uniform-level experiment. The basic method applies to procedures that have been standardized and are in regular use in a number of laboratories.
1.4 The statistical model of ISO 5725-1:1994, Clause 5, is accepted as a suitable basis for the interpretation and analysis of the test results, the distribution of which is approximately normal.
1.5 The basic method, as described in this document, (usually) estimates the precision of a measurement method:
a) when it is required to determine the repeatability and reproducibility standard deviations as defined in ISO 5725-1;
b) when the materials to be used are homogeneous, or when the effects of heterogeneity can be included in the precision values; and
c) when the use of a balanced uniform-level layout is acceptable.
1.6 The same approach can be used to make a preliminary estimate of precision for measurement methods which have not reached standardization or are not in routine use.

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1.1 This document
— specifies basic methods for estimating the bias of a measurement method and the laboratory bias when a measurement method is applied;
— provides a practical approach of a basic method for routine use in estimating the bias of measurement methods and laboratory bias;
— provides a brief guidance to all personnel concerned with designing, performing or analysing the results of the measurements for estimating bias.
1.2 It is concerned exclusively with measurement methods which yield measurements on a continuous scale and give a single value as the measurement result, although the single value can be the outcome of a calculation from a set of observations.
1.3 This document applies when the measurement method has been standardized and all measurements are carried out according to that measurement method.
NOTE In ISO/IEC Guide 99:2007(VIM), "measurement procedure" (2.6) is an analogous term related to the term "measurement method" used in this document.
1.4 This document applies only if an accepted reference value can be established to substitute the true value by using the value, for example:
— of a suitable reference material;
— of a suitable measurement standard;
— referring to a suitable measurement method;
— of a suitable prepared known sample.
1.5 This document applies only to the cases where it is sufficient to estimate bias on one property at a time. It is not applicable if the bias in the measurement of one property is affected by the level of any other property (i.e. it does not consider interferences by any influencing quantity). Comparison of the trueness of two-measurement methods is considered in ISO 5725-6.

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  • Standard
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  • Standard
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1.1 This document — specifies basic methods for estimating the bias of a measurement method and the laboratory bias when a measurement method is applied; — provides a practical approach of a basic method for routine use in estimating the bias of measurement methods and laboratory bias; — provides a brief guidance to all personnel concerned with designing, performing or analysing the results of the measurements for estimating bias. 1.2 It is concerned exclusively with measurement methods which yield measurements on a continuous scale and give a single value as the measurement result, although the single value can be the outcome of a calculation from a set of observations. 1.3 This document applies when the measurement method has been standardized and all measurements are carried out according to that measurement method. NOTE In ISO/IEC Guide 99:2007(VIM), "measurement procedure" (2.6) is an analogous term related to the term "measurement method" used in this document. 1.4 This document applies only if an accepted reference value can be established to substitute the true value by using the value, for example: — of a suitable reference material; — of a suitable measurement standard; — referring to a suitable measurement method; — of a suitable prepared known sample. 1.5 This document applies only to the cases where it is sufficient to estimate bias on one property at a time. It is not applicable if the bias in the measurement of one property is affected by the level of any other property (i.e. it does not consider interferences by any influencing quantity). Comparison of the trueness of two-measurement methods is considered in ISO 5725-6.

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  • Standard
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  • Standard
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1.1 This document — amplifies the general principles for designing experiments for the numerical estimation of the precision of measurement methods by means of a collaborative interlaboratory experiment; — provides a detailed practical description of the basic method for routine use in estimating the precision of measurement methods; — provides guidance to all personnel concerned with designing, performing or analysing the results of the tests for estimating precision. NOTE Modifications to this basic method for particular purposes are given in other parts of ISO 5725. 1.2 It is concerned exclusively with measurement methods which yield measurements on a continuous scale and give a single value as the test result, although this single value can be the outcome of a calculation from a set of observations. 1.3 It assumes that in the design and performance of the precision experiment, all the principles as laid down in ISO 5725-1 are observed. The basic method uses the same number of test results in each laboratory, with each laboratory analysing the same levels of test sample; i.e. a balanced uniform-level experiment. The basic method applies to procedures that have been standardized and are in regular use in a number of laboratories. 1.4 The statistical model of ISO 5725-1:1994, Clause 5, is accepted as a suitable basis for the interpretation and analysis of the test results, the distribution of which is approximately normal. 1.5 The basic method, as described in this document, (usually) estimates the precision of a measurement method: a) when it is required to determine the repeatability and reproducibility standard deviations as defined in ISO 5725-1; b) when the materials to be used are homogeneous, or when the effects of heterogeneity can be included in the precision values; and c) when the use of a balanced uniform-level layout is acceptable. 1.6 The same approach can be used to make a preliminary estimate of precision for measurement methods which have not reached standardization or are not in routine use.

  • Standard
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  • Standard
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  • Standard
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This document gives names, symbols, definitions and units for quantities of mechanics. Where
appropriate, conversion factors are also given.

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    22 pages
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ISO 80000-11:2019 gives names, symbols and definitions for characteristic numbers used in the description of transport and transfer phenomena.

  • Standard
    50 pages
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This document presents methods for determining the critical value of the response variable and the minimum detectable value in Poisson distribution measurements. It is applicable when variations in both the background noise and the signal are describable by the Poisson distribution. The conventional approximation is used to approximate the Poisson distribution by the normal distribution consistent with ISO 11843‑3 and ISO 11843‑4. The accuracy of the normal approximation as compared to the exact Poisson distribution is discussed in Annex C.

  • Standard
    23 pages
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1.1 This document is concerned with polynomial calibration functions that describe the relationship between a stimulus variable and a response variable. These functions contain parameters estimated from calibration data consisting of a set of pairs of stimulus value and response value. Various cases are considered relating to the nature of any uncertainties associated with the data. 1.2 Estimates of the polynomial function parameters are determined using least‐squares methods, taking account of the specified uncertainty information. It is assumed that the calibration data are fit for purpose and thus the treatment of outliers is not considered. It is also assumed that the calibration data errors are regarded as drawn from normal distributions. An emphasis of this document is on choosing the least‐squares method appropriate for the nature of the data uncertainties in any particular case. Since these methods are well documented in the technical literature and software that implements them is freely available, they are not described in this document. 1.3 Commonly occurring types of covariance matrix associated with the calibration data are considered covering (a) response data uncertainties, (b) response data uncertainties and covariances, (c) stimulus and response data uncertainties, and (d) stimulus data uncertainties and covariances, and response data uncertainties and covariances. The case where the data uncertainties are unknown is also treated. 1.4 Methods for selecting the degree of the polynomial calibration function according to prescribed criteria are given. The covariance matrix associated with the estimates of the parameters in the selected polynomial function is available as a by‐product of the least‐squares methods used. 1.5 For the chosen polynomial function this document describes the use of the parameter estimates and their associated covariance matrix for inverse and direct evaluation. It also describes how the provisions of ISO/IEC Guide 98‐3:2008 (GUM) can be used to provide the associated standard uncertainties. 1.6 Consideration is given to accounting for certain constraints (such as the polynomial passing through the origin) that may need to be imposed and also to the use of transformations of the variables that may render the behaviour of the calibration function more polynomial‐like. Interchanging the roles of the variables is also considered. 1.7 Examples from several areas of measurement science illustrate the use of this document.

  • Technical specification
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Background noise exists ubiquitously in analytical instruments, whether or not a sample is applied to the instrument. This document is concerned with mathematical methodologies for estimating the minimum detectable value in case that the most predominant source of measurement uncertainty is background noise. The minimum detectable value can directly and mathematically be derived from the stochastic characteristics of the background noise. This document specifies basic methods to — extract the stochastic properties of the background noise, — use the stochastic properties to estimate the standard deviation (SD) or coefficient of variation (CV) of the response variable, and — calculate the minimum detectable value based on the SD or CV obtained above. The methods described in this document are useful for checking the detection of a certain substance by various types of measurement equipment in which the background noise of the instrumental output predominates over the other sources of measurement uncertainty. Feasible choices are visible and ultraviolet absorption spectrometry, atomic absorption spectrometry, atomic fluorescence spectrometry, luminescence spectrometry, liquid chromatography and gas chromatography.

  • Standard
    18 pages
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NEW!IEC 61010-2-201:2017 is available as IEC 61010-2-201:2017 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61010-2-201:2017 specifies safety requirements and related verification tests for any product performing the function of control equipment and/or their associated peripherals. In addition, these products have as their intended use the command and control of machines, automated manufacturing and industrial processes, e.g. discrete and continuous control. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2013. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This second edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition; a) clarify, change, delete definitions which were causing confusion, b) change and clarify the temperature testing methodology, c) change documentation methodologies allowed, d) change some terminal markings, e) add clarity to some of the informative annexes, f) add Annex E with changes, g) add Annexes AA – FF.

  • Standard
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  • Standard
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ISO 18674-3 applies to the measurement of displacements across a measuring line by means
of inclinometers carried out for geotechnical monitoring.
ISO 18674-3 also refers to deflectometers (see Annex B) to supplement inclinometers for the
determination of horizontal displacements across horizontal measuring lines.

  • Standard
    45 pages
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IEC 62828-1:2017 establishes a general framework for defining reference conditions and test procedures applicable to all types of industrial and process measurement transmitters (PMTs) used in measuring and control systems for industrial process and machinery. These reference test conditions are divided into “standard reference conditions”, which apply when determining the accuracy of measurement, and “ambient and process reference conditions”, which are used to assess the influence of external quantities on the measurement. The IEC 62828 series cancels and replaces the IEC 60770 series and proposes revisions for the IEC 61298 series.

  • Standard
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  • Standard
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IEC 62828-1:2017 establishes a general framework for defining reference conditions and test procedures applicable to all types of industrial and process measurement transmitters (PMTs) used in measuring and control systems for industrial process and machinery. These reference test conditions are divided into “standard reference conditions”, which apply when determining the accuracy of measurement, and “ambient and process reference conditions”, which are used to assess the influence of external quantities on the measurement. The IEC 62828 series cancels and replaces the IEC 60770 series and proposes revisions for the IEC 61298 series.

  • Standard
    176 pages
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This document gives guidance for
— evaluation of measurement uncertainties using data obtained from studies conducted in accordance
with ISO 5725-2, and
— comparison of collaborative study results with measurement uncertainty (MU) obtained using
formal principles of uncertainty propagation (see Clause 14).
ISO 5725-3 provides additional models for studies of intermediate precision. However, while the same
general approach may be applied to the use of such extended models, uncertainty evaluation using
these models is not incorporated in this document.
This document is applicable to all measurement and test fields where an uncertainty associated with a
result has to be determined.
This document does not describe the application of repeatability data in the absence of
reproducibility data.
This document assumes that recognized, non-negligible systematic effects are corrected, either by
applying a numerical correction as part of the method of measurement, or by investigation and removal
of the cause of the effect.
The recommendations in this document are primarily for guidance. It is recognized that while the
recommendations presented do form a valid approach to the evaluation of uncertainty for many
purposes, it is also possible to adopt other suitable approaches.
In general, references to measurement results, methods and processes in this document are normally
understood to apply also to testing results, methods and processes.

  • Standard
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  • Standard
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ISO 21748:2017 gives guidance for - evaluation of measurement uncertainties using data obtained from studies conducted in accordance with ISO 5725‑2, and - comparison of collaborative study results with measurement uncertainty (MU) obtained using formal principles of uncertainty propagation (see Clause 14). ISO 5725‑3 provides additional models for studies of intermediate precision. However, while the same general approach may be applied to the use of such extended models, uncertainty evaluation using these models is not incorporated in this document. ISO 21748:2017 is applicable to all measurement and test fields where an uncertainty associated with a result has to be determined. ISO 21748:2017 does not describe the application of repeatability data in the absence of reproducibility data. ISO 21748:2017 assumes that recognized, non-negligible systematic effects are corrected, either by applying a numerical correction as part of the method of measurement, or by investigation and removal of the cause of the effect. The recommendations in this document are primarily for guidance. It is recognized that while the recommendations presented do form a valid approach to the evaluation of uncertainty for many purposes, it is also possible to adopt other suitable approaches. In general, references to measurement results, methods and processes in this document are normally understood to apply also to testing results, methods and processes.

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  • Standard
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IEC 61010-2-202:2016 specifies the safety requirements for electric ACTUATORs and SOLENOIDs, as applied to valves, intended to be installed in an industrial process or discrete control environment. This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 61010-1:2010.

  • Standard
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IEC 61010-2-201:2017 is also available as IEC 61010-2-201:2017 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 61010-2-201:2017 specifies safety requirements and related verification tests for any product performing the function of control equipment and/or their associated peripherals. In addition, these products have as their intended use the command and control of machines, automated manufacturing and industrial processes, e.g. discrete and continuous control.
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2013. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This second edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition;
a) clarify, change, delete definitions which were causing confusion,
b) change and clarify the temperature testing methodology,
c) change documentation methodologies allowed,
d) change some terminal markings,
e) add clarity to some of the informative annexes,
f) add Annex E with changes,
g) add Annexes AA – FF.

  • Standard
    156 pages
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ISO/TR 21074:2016 describes how to determine the repeatability and reproducibility of precision tests performed within standardization work using the chemical analysis method. Specifically, this document explains the procedure for calculating precision, using precision test data of ISO 5725‑3:1994, Table D.2 for the precision test in ISO 9647:1989 as an example. The procedure of the international test for determining precision is described in ISO 5725‑2 and ISO 5725‑3.

  • Technical report
    16 pages
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ISO 1:2016 defines the concepts of a reference temperature and of the standard reference temperature, and specifies the standard reference temperature value for the specification of geometrical and dimensional properties of an object. Some examples of geometrical and dimensional properties include size, location, orientation (including angle), form and surface texture of a workpiece.
ISO 1:2016 Standard is also applicable to the definition of the measurand used in verification or calibration.

  • Standard
    12 pages
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IEC 61010-2-202:2016 specifies the safety requirements for electric ACTUATORs and SOLENOIDs, as applied to valves, intended to be installed in an industrial process or discrete control environment.
This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 61010-1:2010.

  • Standard
    25 pages
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ISO/TS 17503:2015 describes the estimation of uncertainties on the mean value in experiments conducted as crossed designs, and the use of variances extracted from such experiments and applied to the results of other measurements (for example, single observations). ISO/TS 17503:2015 covers balanced two-factor designs with any number of levels. The basic designs covered include the two-way design without replication and the two-way design with replication, with one or both factors considered as random. Calculations of variance components from ANOVA tables and their use in uncertainty estimation are given. In addition, brief guidance is given on the use of restricted maximum likelihood estimates from software, and on the treatment of experiments with small numbers of missing data points. Methods for review of the data for outliers and approximate normality are provided. The use of data obtained from the treatment of relative observations (for example, apparent recovery in analytical chemistry) is included.

  • Technical specification
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IEC 61300-3-14:2014 provides a method to measure the error and repeatability of the attenuation value settings of a variable optical attenuator (VOA). There are two control technologies for VOAs, manually controlled and electrically controlled. This standard covers both control technologies of VOAs and also covers both single-mode and multimode fibre VOAs. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2006 and constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- title modification replacing the word "accuracy" by "error";
- inclusion of the distinction of manually and electrically controlled variable optical attenuators in the Scope;
- revision of clauses for apparatus and details to be specified to harmonize with other standards in the IEC 61300 series;
- addition of "the maximum deviation of attenuation from setting" to the clause for calculation;
- addition of "measurement method of hysteresis characteristics" in Annex B. Keywords: attenuation value settings, variable optical attenuator (VOA)

  • Standard
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This Technical Report is a guideline to carry out the statistical evaluation of data from an inter laboratory test for method validation.
Its purpose is to detail the methodology of ISO 5725 1:1994, ISO 5725 2:1994 and ISO 5725 3:1994 for the treatment of the data collected under the conditions used within the ECISS/TC 102 working groups.
NOTE   The present document is not a simplification of the ISO 5725 standard, which is the only reference document.

  • Technical report
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This clause of Part 1 is applicable, except as follows.
1.1.1 Equipment included in scope
Replacement:
This part of IEC 61010 specifies safety requirements and related verification tests for control
equipment of the following types:
– Programmable controllers (PLC and PAC);
– the components of Distributed Control Systems (DCS);
– the components of remote I/O – systems;
– industrial PC (computers) and Programming and Debugging Tools (PADTs);
– Human-Machine Interfaces (HMI);
– any product performing the function of control equipment and/or their associated peripherals, which have as their intended use the control and command of machines, automated manufacturing and industrial processes, e.g. discrete and continuous control. Components of the above named equipment and in the scope of this standard are:
– (auxiliary) stand-alone power supplies;
– peripherals such as digital and analogue I/O, remote-I/O;
– industrial network equipment.
Control equipment and their associated peripherals are intended to be used in an industrial environment and may be provided as open or enclosed equipment. NOTE 1 Control equipment intended also for use in other environments or for other purposes (example; for use in building installations to control light or other electrical installations, or for use on cars, trains or ships) can have additional conformity requirements defined by the safety standard(s) for these applications. These requirements can involve as example: insulation, spacings and power restrictions. NOTE 2 Computing devices and similar equipment within the scope of IEC 60950 (planned to be replaced by IEC 62368) and conforming to its requirements are considered to be suitable for use with control equipment within the scope of this standard. However, some of the requirements of IEC 60950 for resistance to moisture and liquids are less stringent than those in IEC 61010-1:2010, 5.4.4 second paragraph. Control equipment covered in this standard is intended for use in overvoltage category II (IEC 60664-1) in low-voltage installations, where the rated equipment supply voltage does not exceed a.c. 1 000 V r.m.s. (50/60 Hz), or d.c. 1 500 V. NOTE 3 If equipment in the scope of this part is applied to overvoltage category III and IV installations, then the requirements of Annex K of Part 1 apply. The requirements of ISO/IEC Guide 51 and IEC Guide 104, as they relate to this Part, are incorporated herein.
1.1.2 Equipment excluded from scope
Replacement:
This standard does not deal with aspects of the overall automated system, e.g. a complete assembly line. Control equipment (e.g. DCS and PLC), their application program and their associated peripherals are considered as components (components in this context are items which perform no useful function by themselves) of an overall automated system. Since control equipment (e.g. DCS and PLC) are component devices, safety considerations for the overall automated system including installation and application are beyond the scope of this standard. Refer to IEC 60364 series of standards or applicable national/local regulations for electrical installation and guidelines.
1.2.1 Aspects included in scope
Replacement:
The purpose of the requirements of this standard is to ensure that all hazards to the operator, service personnel and the surrounding area are reduced to a tolerable level.

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This International Standard is applicable to fluorometric oxygen analyzers used for the continuous determination of dissolved oxygen partial pressure or concentration. It applies to fluorometric oxygen analyzers suitable for use in water containing liquids, ultrapure waters, fresh or potable water, sea water or other aqueous solutions, industrial or municipal waste water from water bodies (e.g. lakes, rivers, estuaries) as well as for industrial process streams and process liquids. Whilst in principle fluorometric oxygen-analyzers are applicable in gaseous phases, the expression of performance in the gas-phase will not be subject of this standard. The sensor unit of a fluorometric oxygen analyzer being in contact with the media to be measured contains a luminophore in a polymer-membrane permeable for oxygen or within other oxygen permeable materials (or substrates). This standard specifies the terminology, definitions, requirements for statements by manufacturers and tests for fluorometric oxygen analyzers. This standard is in accordance with the general principles set out in IEC 60359 and IEC 60770 series. This standard is applicable to analyzers specified for permanent installation installation in any location (indoors or outdoors) utilizing an on-line measurement technique. Safety requirements are dealt with in IEC 61010-1. Standard range of analogue d.c. current signals used in process control systems are dealt with in IEC 60381-1. Specifications for values for the testing of influence quantities can be found in IEC 60654 series. Requirements for documentation to be supplied with instruments are dealt with in IEC 61187. Requirements for general principles concerning quantities, units and symbols are dealt with in ISO 80000-1:2009. The object of IEC 62703 is: - to specify the general aspects in the terminology and definitions related to the performance of fluorometric oxygen analyzers used for the continuous determination of dissolved oxygen partial pressure or concentration in liquid media; - to unify methods used in making and verifying statements on the functional performance of such analyzers; - to specify which tests should be performed in order to determine the functional performance and how such tests should be carried out; - to provide basic documents to support the application of standards of quality assurance within ISO 9001.

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IEC 62703:2013 specifies the general aspects in the terminology and definitions related to the performance of fluorometric oxygen analyzers used for the continuous determination of dissolved oxygen partial pressure or concentration in liquid media; unifies methods used in making and verifying statements on the functional performance of such analyzers; specifies which tests should be performed in order to determine the functional performance and how such tests should be carried out and provides basic documents to support the application of standards of quality assurance within ISO 9001.

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IEC 62703:2013 specifies the general aspects in the terminology and definitions related to the performance of fluorometric oxygen analyzers used for the continuous determination of dissolved oxygen partial pressure or concentration in liquid media; unifies methods used in making and verifying statements on the functional performance of such analyzers; specifies which tests should be performed in order to determine the functional performance and how such tests should be carried out and provides basic documents to support the application of standards of quality assurance within ISO 9001.

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IEC 61010-2-201:2013 specifies the complete safety requirements for control equipment (e.g. programmable controller (PLC)), the components of Distributed Control Systems, I/O devices, Human Machine Interface (HMI)). Safety terms of general use are defined in IEC 61010-1. More specific terms are defined in each part. This part incorporates the safety related requirements of Programmable Controllers. Annex DD provides a cross reference between clauses of this standard and those of IEC 61010-1 or IEC 61131-2:2007. It has the status of a basic safety publication in accordance with IEC Guide 104.

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ISO/IEC Guide 98-4:2012 provides guidance and procedures for assessing the conformity of an item (entity, object or system) with specified requirements. The item might be, for example, a gauge block, a grocery scale or a blood sample. The procedures can be applied where the following conditions exist: the item is distinguished by a single scalar quantity (a measurable property) defined to a level of detail sufficient to be reasonably represented by an essentially unique true value; an interval of permissible values of the property is specified by one or two tolerance limits; the property can be measured and the measurement result expressed in a manner consistent with the principles of the GUM, so that knowledge of the value of the property can be reasonably described by (a) a probability density function, (b) a distribution function, (c) numerical approximations to such functions, or (d) a best estimate, together with a coverage interval and an associated coverage probability. The procedures developed in this document can be used to realize an interval, called an acceptance interval, of permissible measured values of the property of interest. Acceptance limits can be chosen so as to balance the risks associated with accepting non-conforming items (consumer's risk) or rejecting conforming items (producer's risk). Two types of conformity assessment problems are addressed. The first is the setting of acceptance limits that will assure that a desired conformance probability for a single measured item is achieved. The second is the setting of acceptance limits to assure an acceptable level of confidence on average as a number of (nominally identical) items are measured. Guidance is given for their solution. This document contains examples to illustrate the guidance provided. The concepts presented can be extended to more general conformity assessment problems based on measurements of a set of scalar measurands. The audience of this document includes quality managers, members of standards development organizations, accreditation authorities and the staffs of testing and measuring laboratories, inspection bodies, certification bodies, regulatory agencies, academics and researchers.

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ISO/IEC Guide 99:2007 provides a set of definitions and associated terms, in English and French, for a system of basic and general concepts used in metrology, together with concept diagrams to demonstrate their relations. Additional information is given in the form of examples and notes under many definitions.
This Vocabulary is meant to be a common reference for scientists and engineers, as well as teachers and practitioners, involved in planning or performing measurements, irrespective of the level of measurement uncertainty and irrespective of the field of application. It is also meant to be a reference for governmental and inter-governmental bodies, trade associations, accredi�tation bodies, regulators and professional societies.

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ISO/IEC Guide 98-3:2008/Suppl.2:2011 is concerned with measurement models having any number of input quantities and any number of output quantities. The quantities involved might be real or complex. Two approaches are considered for treating such models. The first approach is a generalization of the GUM uncertainty framework. The second is a Monte Carlo method as an implementation of the propagation of distributions. Appropriate use of the Monte Carol method would be expected to provide valid results when the applicability of the GUM uncertainty framework is questionable. For a prescribed coverage probability, ISO/IEC Guide 98-3:2008/Suppl.2:2011 can be used to provide a coverage region for the output quantities of a multivariate model, the counterpart of a coverage interval for a single scalar output quantiy. The provision of coverage regions includes those taking the form of a hyper-ellipsoid or a hyper-rectangle. These coverage regions are produced from the results of the two approaches described here. A procedure for providing an approximation to the smallest coverage region, obtained from results provided by the Monte Carol method, is also given. Detailed examples to illustrate the guidance are provided.

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IEC 61831:2011(E) is a guide applicable to on-line analyser systems. It provides the necessary guidance for the system supplier and user to specify or design a complete analyser system from sample point in the process to the final output for display or control purposes. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 1999. This edition constitutes a technical revision. The main changes with respect to the previous edition are:
- Updated references;
- Made consistent with current practices and regulations;
- Incorporating new technologies where applicable.

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ISO/IEC Guide 98-1:2009 provides a brief introduction to the “Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement” (GUM) in order to indicate the relevance of that fundamental guide and promote its use. It also outlines documents related to the GUM that are intended to extend the application of that guide to broader categories and fields of practical problems. ISO/IEC Guide 98-1:2009 addresses measurement science at a level that is suitable for those readers who have received training at least to the second year of a science- or engineering-based degree course containing some teaching of probability theory and statistics. It also considers various concepts used in measurement science. In particular, it covers the need to characterize the quality of a measurement through appropriate statements of measurement uncertainty. This introductory document also outlines the recent evolution of thinking regarding measurement uncertainty.

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This International Standard is applicable to measurement technology. It defines rules for the unambiguous designation of different types of measuring instruments and of measuring instrument features with the intention of enabling unambiguous technical communication over language boundaries.

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IEC 62419:2008(E) is applicable to measurement technology. It defines rules for the unambiguous designation of different types of measuring instruments and of measuring instrument features with the intention of enabling unambiguous technical communication over language boundaries. This standard cancels and replaces IEC/PAS 62419 published in 2005. This first edition constitutes a technical revision.

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IEC 62431:2008(E) specifies the measurement methods for the reflectivity of electromagnetic wave absorbers (EMA) for the normal incident, oblique incident and each polarized wave in the millimetre-wave range. In addition, these methods are also equally effective for the reflectivity measurement of other materials: measurement frequency range: 30 GHz to 300 GHz; reflectivity: 0 dB to -50 dB; incident angle: 0° to 80°. It replaces and cancels IEC/PAS 62431 with corrections of obvious errors.

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ISO/IEC Guide 98-3/Suppl.1:2008 provides a general numerical approach, consistent with the broad principles of the Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement (GUM), for carrying out the calculations required as part of an evaluation of measurement uncertainty. The approach applies to arbitrary models having a single output quantity where the input quantities are characterized by any specified probability density functions (PDFs). ISO/IEC Guide 98-3/Suppl.1:2008 is primarily concerned with the expression of uncertainty in the measurement of a well-defined physical quantity—the measurand—that can be characterized by an essentially unique value. It provides guidance in situations where the conditions for the GUM uncertainty frameworkare not fulfilled, or it is unclear whether they are fulfilled. It can be used when it is difficult to apply the GUM uncertainty framework, because of the complexity of the model, for example. Guidance is given in a form suitable for computer implementation. ISO/IEC Guide 98-3/Suppl.1:2008 can be used to provide (a representation of) the PDF for the output quantity from which (a) an estimate of the output quantity, (b) the standard uncertainty associated with this estimate, and (c) a coverage interval for that quantity, corresponding to a specified coverage probability, can be obtained. For a prescribed coverage probability, it can be used to provide any required coverage interval, including the probabilistically symmetric coverage interval and the shortest coverage interval. ISO/IEC Guide 98-3/Suppl.1:2008 applies to input quantities that are independent, where each such quantity is assigned an appropriate PDF, or not independent, i.e. when some or all of these quantities are assigned a joint PDF. Detailed examples illustrate the guidance provided.

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IEC 62419:2008 is applicable to measurement technology. It defines rules for the unambiguous designation of different types of measuring instruments and of measuring instrument features with the intention of enabling unambiguous technical communication over language boundaries. This standard cancels and replaces IEC/PAS 62419 published in 2005. This first edition constitutes a technical revision.

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ISO/IEC Guide 98-3:2008 is a reissue of the 1995 version of the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM), with minor corrections. This Guide establishes general rules for evaluating and expressing uncertainty in measurement that can be followed at various levels of accuracy and in many fields — from the shop floor to fundamental research. The principles of this Guide are intended to be applicable to a broad spectrum of measurements, including those required for: maintaining quality control and quality assurance in production; complying with and enforcing laws and regulations; conducting basic research, and applied research and development, in science and engineering; calibrating standards and instruments and performing tests throughout a national measurement system in order to achieve traceability to national standards; developing, maintaining, and comparing international and national physical reference standards, including reference materials.

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ISO 11843-5:2008 is concerned with calibration functions that are either linear or non-linear. It specifies basic methods to construct a precision profile for the response variable, namely a description of the standard deviation or coefficient of variation of the response variable as a function of the net state variable, transform this precision profile into a precision profile for the net state variable in conjunction with the calibration function, and use the latter precision profile to estimate the critical value and minimum detectable value of the net state variable. The methods described ISO 11843-5:2008 are useful for checking the detection of a certain substance by various types of measurement equipment to which ISO 11843-2 cannot be applied. Included are assays of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the environment, such as dioxins, pesticides and hormone-like chemicals, by competitive ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), and tests of bacterial endotoxins that induce hyperthermia in humans. The definition and applicability of the critical value and minimum detectable value of the net state variable are described in ISO 11843-1 and ISO 11843-2. ISO 11843-5:2008 extends the concepts in ISO 11843-2 to the cases of non-linear calibration. Examples are provided.

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ISO/IEC Guide 99:2007 provides a set of definitions and associated terms, in English and French, for a system of basic and general concepts used in metrology, together with concept diagrams to demonstrate their relations. Additional information is given in the form of examples and notes under many definitions. This Vocabulary is meant to be a common reference for scientists and engineers, as well as teachers and practitioners, involved in planning or performing measurements, irrespective of the level of measurement uncertainty and irrespective of the field of application. It is also meant to be a reference for governmental and inter-governmental bodies, trade associations, accredi­tation bodies, regulators and professional societies.

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IEC Guide 115 presents a practical approach to the application of uncertainty of measurement to conformity assessment activities in the electrotechnical sector. It is specifically conceived for use in the IECEE Schemes as well as by testing laboratories engaged in testing electrical products to safety standards. IEC Guide 115 describes the application of uncertainty of measurement principles, gives guidance on making uncertainty of measurement calculations and provides example calculations related to product conformity assessment testing.

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