This document specifies a destructive method for the measurement of the local thickness of metallic
and other inorganic coatings by examination of cross-sections with a scanning electron microscope
(SEM). The method is applicable for thicknesses up to several millimetres, but for such thick coatings it
is usually more practical to use a light microscope (see ISO 1463). The lower thickness limit depends on
the achieved measurement uncertainty (see Clause 10).
NOTE The method can also be used for organic layers when they are neither damaged by the preparation of
the cross-section nor by the electron beam during imaging.

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This document specifies the calibration and adjustment of the metrological characteristics of contact (stylus) instruments for the measurement of surface texture by the profile method as defined in ISOÂ 3274. The calibration and adjustment is intended to be carried out with the aid of measurement standards.
Annex B specifies the calibration and adjustment of metrological characteristics of simplified operator contact (stylus) instruments which do not conform with ISO 3274.

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This document specifies parameters for the determination of surface texture by areal methods

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This document specifies the calibration and adjustment of the metrological characteristics of contact
(stylus) instruments for the measurement of surface texture by the profile method as defined in
ISO 3274. The calibration and adjustment is intended to be carried out with the aid of measurement
standards.
Annex B specifies the calibration and adjustment of metrological characteristics of simplified operator
contact (stylus) instruments which do not conform with ISO 3274.

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This document specifies the rules for indication of surface texture by profile methods in technical
product documentation by means of graphical symbols.
This document does not cover population requirements.
NOTE See ISO 18391 for population (batch) specifications.

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This document specifies the complete specification operator for surface texture by profile methods.

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This document specifies terms, definitions and parameters for the determination of surface texture by
profile methods.
NOTE 1 The main changes to previous ISO profile documents are described in Annex I.
NOTE 2 An overview of profile and areal standards in the GPS matrix model is given in Annex J.
NOTE 3 The relation of this document to the GPS matrix model is given in Annex K.

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This document specifies the calibration and adjustment of the metrological characteristics of contact (stylus) instruments for the measurement of surface texture by the profile method as defined in ISO 3274. The calibration and adjustment is intended to be carried out with the aid of measurement standards. Annex B specifies the calibration and adjustment of metrological characteristics of simplified operator contact (stylus) instruments which do not conform with ISO 3274.

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This document specifies parameters for the determination of surface texture by areal methods.

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This document specifies the complete specification operator for surface texture by profile methods.

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This document specifies terms, definitions and parameters for the determination of surface texture by profile methods. NOTE 1   The main changes to previous ISO profile documents are described in Annex I. NOTE 2   An overview of profile and areal standards in the GPS matrix model is given in Annex J. NOTE 3   The relation of this document to the GPS matrix model is given in Annex K.

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This document specifies the rules for indication of surface texture by profile methods in technical product documentation by means of graphical symbols. This document does not cover population requirements. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â Â See ISO 18391 for population (batch) specifications.

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This document specifies test methods for the determination of the slip resistance of surfaces in the most commonly encountered situations in which pedestrians walk.
NOTE   It is also possible to use this document for measurements where persons might walk on trafficked areas.

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This document specifies the procedure for determining the gloss of an organic coating on a metallic substrate. Gloss is a characteristic of fundamental importance to the appearance of the coil coated product.
The apparatus requires a flat specimen of size greater than the aperture, thus, uneven surfaces cannot be measured.
This method is applicable to all pigmented and unpigmented coatings including metallic/pearlescent coatings. However, for textured coatings it is only indicative.

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This document specifies the overall scope of all parts of EN 13523, gives definitions common to all parts and describes how sampling and preparation of test panels for most of the individual test methods are to be carried out.

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This part of EN 13523 specifies the procedure for determining the resistance to cracking of an organic coating on a metallic substrate when bent through 135° to 180°. The degree of adhesion may also be evaluated.
Both folding and mandrel methods are considered. The folding method is more often used for practical purposes but where more precise determinations are required, the mandrel method is recommended.
The cylindrical bend method may also be used for a pass/fail decision by using an agreed mandrel.
The choice of the appropriate test method is limited by the thickness and/or the hardness of the substrate.
The feasibility of the test depends on the type and thickness of the substrate. During the procedure, the mandrel should not deform.

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This part of ISO 10360 specifies the acceptance tests for verifying the performance of an optical CMS
(coordinate measuring system) when measuring lengths as stated by the manufacturer. It also
specifies the reverification tests that enable the user to periodically reverify the performance of the
optical 3D CMS. An optical 3D CMS that this standard intends to specify is a contactless area
measuring sensor delivering 3D surface data in several individual single views by an optical measuring
principle and transforming it into a common coordinate system. Typical optical measuring principles are
pattern projection, fringe projection, and project-and-sweep a scanned line, or similar, delivering single
views without assistance of external information related to position and orientation between CMS and
objects to be scanned. Typical registration principle is based on a best fitting of commonly captured
position information across at least two different single views either or both by using reference targets
or surface features of objects to be scanned.

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This document specifies the acceptance tests for verifying the performance of a laser tracker by
measuring calibrated test lengths, according to the specifications of the manufacturer. It also specifies
the reverification tests that enable the user to periodically reverify the performance of the laser tracker.
The acceptance and reverification tests given in this document are applicable to laser trackers utilizing
a retroreflector, or a retroreflector in combination with a stylus or optical distance sensor, as a probing
system. Laser trackers that use interferometric measurement (IFM), absolute distance measurement
(ADM) or both can be verified using this document. This document can also be used to specify and
verify the relevant performance tests of other spherical coordinate measurement systems that use
cooperative targets, such as “laser radar” systems.
NOTE Systems which do not track the target, such as laser radar systems, will not be tested for probing
performance.
This document does not explicitly apply to measuring systems that do not use a spherical coordinate
system. However, interested parties can apply this document to such systems by mutual agreement.
This document specifies:
— performance requirements that can be assigned by the manufacturer or the user of the laser tracker;
— the manner of execution of the acceptance and reverification tests to demonstrate the stated
requirements;
— rules for proving comformity;
— applications for which the acceptance and reverification tests can be used.

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This document specifies the acceptance tests for verifying the performance of an optical 3D coordinate measuring system (CMS) when measuring lengths as stated by the manufacturer. It also specifies the reverification tests that enable the user to periodically reverify the performance of the optical 3D CMS. This document is applicable to verification of the measuring performance of CMSs if the surface characteristics (e.g. glossiness, colour) of the object to be scanned are restricted and within a cooperative range. This document does not apply to other types of CMSs, including those covered by the other parts of the ISO 10360 series.

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This document specifies the acceptance tests for verifying the performance of a laser tracker by measuring calibrated test lengths, according to the specifications of the manufacturer. It also specifies the reverification tests that enable the user to periodically reverify the performance of the laser tracker. The acceptance and reverification tests given in this document are applicable to laser trackers utilizing a retroreflector, or a retroreflector in combination with a stylus or optical distance sensor, as a probing system. Laser trackers that use interferometric measurement (IFM), absolute distance measurement (ADM) or both can be verified using this document. This document can also be used to specify and verify the relevant performance tests of other spherical coordinate measurement systems that use cooperative targets, such as “laser radar” systems. NOTE      Systems which do not track the target, such as laser radar systems, will not be tested for probing performance. This document does not explicitly apply to measuring systems that do not use a spherical coordinate system. However, interested parties can apply this document to such systems by mutual agreement. This document specifies: —   performance requirements that can be assigned by the manufacturer or the user of the laser tracker; —   the manner of execution of the acceptance and reverification tests to demonstrate the stated requirements; —   rules for proving comformity; —   applications for which the acceptance and reverification tests can be used.

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This document defines the maximum material requirement (MMR), the least material requirement
(LMR) and the reciprocity requirement (RPR). These requirements can only be applied to linear
features of size of cylindrical type or two parallel opposite planes type.
These requirements are often used to control specific functions of workpieces where size and geometry
are interdependent, for example to fulfil the functions “assembly of parts” (for MMR) or “minimum wall
thickness” (for LMR). However, the MMR and LMR can also be used to fulfil other functional design
requirements.

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This document gives the rules of definition and interpretation of general specifications defined
according to ISO 8015 (general tolerancing) applicable on the whole workpiece.
The general specifications can be applied to integral surfaces only, i.e. integral lines are
excluded.
The general geometrical and dimensional specifications defined in this document applies to the
following:
- for dimensional specifications:
- for features of size:
- linear size (±) (according to ISO 14405-1);
- angular size (±)(according to ISO 14405-3);
- for geometrical specifications:
- for integral features:
- geometrical specifications with the characteristic surface profile (⌓).

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This document gives rules for definition and interpretation of general geometrical specifications and general size specifications defined according to ISO 8015:2011, 5.12. General specifications defined in other standards, and the link to these standards, are not covered by this document. The general geometrical specifications and general size (linear or angular) specifications defined in this document apply only to integral features (including features of size). These specifications do not apply to derived features or integral lines (see ISO 17450-1 for the definitions of integral features and derived features). Dimensions other than linear or angular sizes (see ISO 14405-2) are not covered by this document.

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This document specifies tolerances on form and position as well as the surface roughness of shafts, flanges and thrust collars as used in plain bearing units. It is applicable to journal or thrust plain bearing units or to a combination of both, installed either horizontally or vertically.
This document is not applicable to crankshaft bearing units in combustion engines.

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This document provides an unambiguous calculation of parameters PSm, RSm, WSm and Pc, Rc, Wc, as defined in ISO 4287, by means of a flowchart.

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This document specifies the dimensional and geometrical characteristics, boundary dimensions and tolerances of insert bearings and eccentric locking collars and the radial internal clearances of insert bearings.

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This document specifies the most important design and metrological characteristics of calliper
depth gauges
— with analogue indication: vernier scale or circular scale (dial); and
— with digital indication: digital display.

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This document specifies biorthogonal wavelets for profiles and contains the relevant concepts. It gives
the basic terminology for biorthogonal wavelets of compact support, together with their usage.

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This document specifies the most important design and metrological characteristics of calliper depth gauges — with analogue indication: vernier scale or circular scale (dial); and — with digital indication: digital display.

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This document specifies acceptance and periodic reverification tests of CMM performance with
contacting probing systems and is only applicable to CMMs using:
— any type of contacting probing system; and
— spherical or hemispherical stylus tip(s).
NOTE CMM probing performance tests are specified by the maximum permissible errors (MPEs), due to the
impracticality of isolating the performance of the probing system from that of the CMM, even on a small artefact
such as a test sphere.
This document applies to CMMs supplied with any of the following:
a) single-stylus probing systems;
b) multi-stylus probing systems with fixed multiple styli attached to a single probe (e.g. “star” stylus);
c) multiple probing systems such as those with a stylus for each of their probes;
d) systems with articulating probing systems;
e) stylus and probe changing systems;
f) manual (non-driven) and automated CMMs;
g) installations including a scanning probe, capable of being used in a scanning mode.
This document is not applicable to non-contacting probing systems, which require different testing
procedures.
The term ‘combined CMM and multi-stylus probing system size error’ has been shortened to ‘multistylus
size error’ for convenience. This applies in similar cases.
If it is desirable to isolate the probing system performance as far as is practical, the influence of the
CMM can be minimized but not eliminated. See Annex C for more information.

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This document specifies acceptance and periodic reverification tests of CMM performance with contacting probing systems and is only applicable to CMMs using:
—     any type of contacting probing system; and
—     spherical or hemispherical stylus tip(s).
NOTE    CMM probing performance tests are specified by the maximum permissible errors (MPEs), due to the impracticality of isolating the performance of the probing system from that of the CMM, even on a small artefact such as a test sphere.
This document applies to CMMs supplied with any of the following:
a)   single-stylus probing systems;
b)   multi-stylus probing systems with fixed multiple styli attached to a single probe (e.g. "star" stylus);
c)   multiple probing systems such as those with a stylus for each of their probes;
d)   systems with articulating probing systems;
e)   stylus and probe changing systems;
f)    manual (non-driven) and automated CMMs;
g)   installations including a scanning probe, capable of being used in a scanning mode.
This document is not applicable to non-contacting probing systems, which require different testing procedures.
The term ?combined CMM and multi-stylus probing system size error' has been shortened to ?multi-stylus size error' for convenience. This applies in similar cases.
If it is desirable to isolate the probing system performance as far as is practical, the influence of the CMM can be minimized but not eliminated. See Annex C for more information.

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A transition is an areal feature connecting two adjacent features, for which the intersection is a line. The transition includes portions of the adjacent features. This document defines a number of specification operators for the specification of defined transitions. These specifications all apply to any line in a defined direction in the transition feature. It also defines the specification modifiers and the drawing indications for such transition specifications.
The proportions and dimensions of the graphical symbols to be used are also specified.
This document provides a set of tools to express several defined transition specifications. It does not present any information on the relationship between a function or a use and a defined transition specification.

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This document specifies biorthogonal wavelets for profiles and contains the relevant concepts. It gives the basic terminology for biorthogonal wavelets of compact support, together with their usage.

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This document specifies acceptance and periodic reverification tests of CMM performance with contacting probing systems and is only applicable to CMMs using: — any type of contacting probing system; and — spherical or hemispherical stylus tip(s). NOTE CMM probing performance tests are specified by the maximum permissible errors (MPEs), due to the impracticality of isolating the performance of the probing system from that of the CMM, even on a small artefact such as a test sphere. This document applies to CMMs supplied with any of the following: a) single-stylus probing systems; b) multi-stylus probing systems with fixed multiple styli attached to a single probe (e.g. "star" stylus); c) multiple probing systems such as those with a stylus for each of their probes; d) systems with articulating probing systems; e) stylus and probe changing systems; f) manual (non-driven) and automated CMMs; g) installations including a scanning probe, capable of being used in a scanning mode. This document is not applicable to non-contacting probing systems, which require different testing procedures. The term ?combined CMM and multi-stylus probing system size error' has been shortened to ?multi-stylus size error' for convenience. This applies in similar cases. If it is desirable to isolate the probing system performance as far as is practical, the influence of the CMM can be minimized but not eliminated. See Annex C for more information.

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This document defines a number of specification operators for the specification of extended edge transition features between features. An edge transition feature is an integral feature connecting two adjacent integral features. The extended edge transition feature includes portions of the adjacent features. All these specifications apply to any line in a defined direction in the extended edge transition feature. This document also defines the specification modifiers and the drawing indications for such transition specifications.
The proportions and dimensions of the graphical symbols to be used are also specified.
The specifications defined in this document are suitable for relatively simple edge transition functions, for example ensuring assembly without interference. For more complex functions, geometrical tolerancing offers more precise tools.
This document is by intention limited to only edge transition features between two planes and between a cylinder and a plane nominally perpendicular to it.
Annex A gives the first approach for an algorithm to identify toleranced features and adjacent reference sections. This algorithm is subject to change as more experience is gathered.
This document provides a set of tools to express several transition specifications. It does not present any information on the relationship between a function or a use and a transition specification.
NOTE 1  Corners (the transition between three or more features) are not edge transition features and are consequently not covered by this document.
NOTE 2  An edge transition feature exists between two single features. A defined edge transition feature has a defined nominal shape and is not sharp (r = 0).

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This document defines a number of specification operators for the specification of extended edge transition features between features. An edge transition feature is an integral feature connecting two adjacent integral features. The extended edge transition feature includes portions of the adjacent features. All these specifications apply to any line in a defined direction in the extended edge transition feature. This document also defines the specification modifiers and the drawing indications for such transition specifications. The proportions and dimensions of the graphical symbols to be used are also specified. The specifications defined in this document are suitable for relatively simple edge transition functions, for example ensuring assembly without interference. For more complex functions, geometrical tolerancing offers more precise tools. This document is by intention limited to only edge transition features between two planes and between a cylinder and a plane nominally perpendicular to it. Annex A gives the first approach for an algorithm to identify toleranced features and adjacent reference sections. This algorithm is subject to change as more experience is gathered. This document provides a set of tools to express several transition specifications. It does not present any information on the relationship between a function or a use and a transition specification. NOTE 1 Corners (the transition between three or more features) are not edge transition features and are consequently not covered by this document. NOTE 2 An edge transition feature exists between two single features. A defined edge transition feature has a defined nominal shape and is not sharp (r = 0).

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This European Standard specifies the mathematical processing of digitized longitudinal profile measurements to produce evenness indices. The document describes the calculation procedure for the International Roughness Index (IRI), Root Mean Square (RMS) and Longitudinal Profile Variance (LPV) from three separate wavelength bands and the σWLP and ΔWLP from the Weighted Longitudinal Profile (WLP).
The purpose of this document is to provide a standard practice for calculating and reporting estimates of road evenness from digitized longitudinal profiles. Other aims with the standard are to facilitate the comparison of evenness measurement results carried out with different profiling instruments in European countries.
The evenness range covered in this standard is defined as the wavelength range 0.5 m to 50 m. It should be noted that both shorter and longer wavelengths can also influence the driving comfort but those are not covered in this standard.
The quantified evenness indices derived from the standard are useful support for pavement management systems. The output can also be used for type approval and performance control of new and old pavements. The indices can be used on rigid, flexible and gravel road surfaces.
The standard doesn´t define from what position on the road the longitudinal profile should be obtained.
The derived indices are portable in the sense that they can be obtained from longitudinal profiles measured with a variety of instruments.

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This document provides the most important design and metrological characteristics of callipers - with analogue indication: vernier scale or circular scale (dial), and - with digital indication: digital display.

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This document provides the most important design and metrological characteristics of callipers
—          with analogue indication: vernier scale or circular scale (dial), and
—          with digital indication: digital display.

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This document specifies the mathematical processing of digitized longitudinal profile measurements to produce evenness indices. The document describes the calculation procedure for the International Roughness Index (IRI), Root Mean Square (RMS) and Longitudinal Profile Variance (LPV) from three separate wavelength bands and the σWLP and ΔWLP from the Weighted Longitudinal Profile (WLP).
The purpose of this document is to provide a standard practice for calculating and reporting estimates of road evenness from digitized longitudinal profiles. Other aims with this document are to facilitate the comparison of evenness measurement results carried out with different profiling instruments in European countries.
The evenness range covered in this document is defined as the wavelength range 0,5 m to 50 m. It is noted that both shorter and longer wavelengths can also influence the driving comfort but those are not covered in this document.
The quantified evenness indices derived from this document are useful support for pavement management systems. The output can also be used for type approval and performance control of new and old pavements. The indices can be used on rigid, flexible and gravel road surfaces.
This document doesn’t define from what position on the road the longitudinal profile should be obtained.
The derived indices are portable in the sense that they can be obtained from longitudinal profiles measured with a variety of instruments.

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This document provides the most important design and metrological characteristics of callipers — with analogue indication: vernier scale or circular scale (dial), and — with digital indication: digital display.

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This part of ISO 25178 deals with geometrical defects that may be present on the surfaces of material measures and calibration specimens conforming to ISO 5436-1 and ISO 25178-70. It defines classes of these geometrical defects, and defines terms for ways of responding to these defects.
This part of ISO 25178 is applicable as follows:
a) to help customers and users of material measures for surface metrology specify their nominal features (ideal geometrical properties) when purchasing them from manufacturers and suppliers;
b) to enable users of material measures to formulate their own rules and policies for responding to the occurrence of defects in such a way as to minimise the uncertainty of their own measurements.
c) to enable calibration laboratories and their customers to agree a common policy on how to treat defects on a material measure that has been sent for calibration;
d) to educate users of material measures about the different significance and importance of different kinds of defect;
e) for other GPS standards which make reference to the issue of selection of measuring locations, or selection of areas to be measured or to be avoided in measurement.

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This document defines classes of geometrical defects that might be present on the surfaces of material measures and calibration specimens conforming to ISO 5436-1 and ISO 25178-70, and defines terms for ways of responding to these defects.
This document is applicable as follows:
a)    to help customers and users of material measures for surface metrology specify their nominal features (ideal geometrical properties) when obtaining them from manufacturers and suppliers;
b)    to enable users of material measures to formulate their own rules and policies for responding to the occurrence of defects in such a way as to minimize the uncertainty of their own measurements;
NOTE       Such policies are required in ISO/IEC 17025:2017, 7.2.1.1, 7.2.1.3, 7.3.1 and 7.8.5 c) and d), for example.
c)    to enable calibration laboratories and their customers to agree on a common policy on how to treat defects on a material measure that has been sent for calibration;
d)    to educate users of material measures about the different significance and importance of different kinds of defect;
e)    for other GPS standards which make reference to the issue of selection of measuring locations, or selection of areas to be measured or avoided in measurement.

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This Standard describes principles and tools to control a manufacturing process in accordance with a GPS specification. It establishes that the result of a GPS specification, consisting of one value, is not sufficient to control a manufacturing process. For this purpose it is necessary to use a set of one or more complementary, independent characteristics that correlate to the manufacturing process parameters.
This Standard describes the concept of decomposition of the macro-geometrical part of the GPS specification. It does not cover the micro-geometry, i.e. surface texture.
The objective of the decomposition presented in this standard is to define correction values for manufacturing control or to perform a statistical analysis of the process.

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This document defines classes of geometrical defects that might be present on the surfaces of material measures and calibration specimens conforming to ISO 5436-1 and ISO 25178-70, and defines terms for ways of responding to these defects. This document is applicable as follows: a) to help customers and users of material measures for surface metrology specify their nominal features (ideal geometrical properties) when obtaining them from manufacturers and suppliers; b) to enable users of material measures to formulate their own rules and policies for responding to the occurrence of defects in such a way as to minimize the uncertainty of their own measurements; NOTE Such policies are required in ISO/IEC 17025:2017, 7.2.1.1, 7.2.1.3, 7.3.1 and 7.8.5 c) and d), for example. c) to enable calibration laboratories and their customers to agree on a common policy on how to treat defects on a material measure that has been sent for calibration; d) to educate users of material measures about the different significance and importance of different kinds of defect; e) for other GPS standards which make reference to the issue of selection of measuring locations, or selection of areas to be measured or avoided in measurement.

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