This document specifies methods for determining the velocity and cross-sectional area of water flowing in open channels and for calculating the discharge employing point velocity measurement devices. It is applicable to methods using rotating-element current meters, acoustic doppler velocimeters (ADVs), acoustic doppler current profiler (ADCP) stationary method, surface velocity measurement including floats and other surface velocity systems. Although some general procedures are discussed, this document does not describe in detail how to use or deploy these systems. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â For detailed procedures, refer to guidelines from instrument manufacturers and the appropriate public agencies.

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This document specifies the functional requirements and characteristics of the different types of suspended-sediment samplers used for collecting water-sediment mixtures from streams, rivers, lakes and reservoirs. This document does not include equipment for collecting samples in closed conduits and wastewater discharges. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â The units of measurement used in this document are SI units.

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This document specifies the typical requirements of instrumentation for measuring liquid precipitation, primarily for the purpose of hydrological and meteorological observation. This document is applicable to both non-recording and recording catching-type precipitation gauges for the measurement of liquid precipitation. This document covers design criteria for the gauges and elements to be considered in their construction. This document does not include specification, design and installation conditions. NOTE      Since the measurement of solid precipitation is outside the scope, the disadvantages of solid precipitation apply to all gauges listed in Annex A. The measurement of solid precipitation and associated disadvantages are well documented in Reference [1].

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This document specifies a calibration method for mechanical type, electromagnetic type and acoustic type hydrometric current-meters used for point velocity measurement of flowing water. The method requires towing the instrument through still water in a straight open tank. It includes measuring apparatus, the calibration procedure, the method of presenting the results and the uncertainties associated with the method.

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This document gives guidelines for the use of boat-mounted acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs) for determining flow in open channels. It describes a number of methods of deploying ADCPs to determine flow. Although, in some cases, these measurements are intended to determine the stage-discharge relationship of a gauging station, this document deals only with single determination of discharge. ADCPs can be used to measure a variety of parameters, such as current or stream flow, water velocity fields, and channel bathymetry. As a potential application, an idea of bedload discharge can be obtained applying the bottom track velocity, while suspended sediment flow can be obtained applying the acoustic backscatter and the sonar equation. This document is generic in form and contains no operational details specific to particular ADCP makes and models.

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This document specifies a calibration method for mechanical type, electromagnetic type and acoustic type hydrometric current-meters used for point velocity measurement of flowing water. The method requires towing the instrument through still water in a straight open tank. It includes measuring apparatus, the calibration procedure, the method of presenting the results and the uncertainties associated with the method.

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This document provides an understanding of the nature of measurement uncertainty and its significance in estimating the "quality" of a measurement or a determination in hydrometry. This document is applicable to flow measurements in natural and man-made channels. Rainfall measurements are not covered.

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This document specifies methods of determining the stage?discharge relationship for gauging stations. It specifies an accuracy for defining the stage?discharge relationship based on a sufficient number of discharge measurements, complete with corresponding stage measurements. This document considers stable and unstable channels and includes brief descriptions of the effects on the stage?discharge relationship of the transition from inbank to overbank flows, shifting controls, variable backwater and hysteresis. Methods of determining discharge for twin-gauge stations, ultrasonic velocity-measurement stations and other complex rating curves are not described in detail. NOTE These types of rating curves are described separately in other International Standards, Technical Specifications and Technical Reports, which are listed in the Bibliography.

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This document specifies methods for the measurement of the flow of water in open channels under steady flow conditions using triangular profile weirs. The flow conditions considered are steady flows which are uniquely dependent on the upstream head and non-modular (drowned) flows which depend on downstream as well as upstream levels.

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This document gives guidelines for selecting a particular type of flow measuring structure for measuring liquid flow in an open channel. It describes how the individual structures function in simple non-technical terms, and sets out the factors and parameters to take into account in order to make an informed decision on which type of structure to use. Values of the relevant parameters describing the limitations and uncertainty involved in the use of these structures are given in this document. More definitive details of a particular type of structure are given in the individual standards listed in Table 1, which cover each type of structure.

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This standard describes procedures for determining and verifying the declared values of the noise emitted by household and similar appliances. It applies to all categories of household and similar electrical appliances covered by IEC 60704-1 and all parts of IEC 60704-2, which include particular requirements for special categories of appliances. It applies to appliances being produced in quantity, such as in batches, series or lots, which are manufactured to the same technical specification and characterized by the same declared value of noise emission. This part of IEC 60704: - considers the term "declaration" to include all means for providing information on the noise emission values to potential users (consumers) of the appliances; this includes labels, brochures, advertisements, commercial and technical information papers, etc.; - considers the declaration for appliances manufactured by mass production; - specifies a simple statistical method for verifying the declared values by investigating a sample of only three appliances.

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IEC 60704-3:2019 is available as IEC 60704-3:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60704-3:2019 describes procedures for determining and verifying the declared values of the noise emitted by household and similar appliances. It applies to all categories of household and similar electrical appliances covered by IEC 60704-1 and all parts of IEC 60704-2, which include particular requirements for special categories of appliances. It applies to appliances being produced in quantity, such as in batches, series or lots, which are manufactured to the same technical specification and characterized by the same declared value of noise emission. This part of IEC 60704: – considers the term "declaration" to include all means for providing information on the noise emission values to potential users (consumers) of the appliances; this includes labels, brochures, advertisements, commercial and technical information papers, etc.; – considers the declaration for appliances manufactured by mass production; – specifies a simple statistical method for verifying the declared values by investigating a sample of only three appliances. This International Standard is to be used in conjunction with IEC 60704-1:2010 and the latest edition of IEC 60704-2 (all parts). This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2006. This edition constitutes a technical revision. It includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) in Annex A, standard deviations that are now specified for various appliance categories in the parts of IEC 60704-2 have been excluded from Table A.1; b) furthermore, this edition makes reference to new standards and is implementing ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 in a more accurate manner.

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This document specifies a method of determining discharge in open channels from observations of the surface slope and cross-sectional area of the channel. It is applicable to use under special conditions when direct measurement of discharge by typically more accurate methods, such as the velocity-area method, is not possible. Generally, the method can be used to determine discharge a) for a peak flow that left high-water marks along the stream banks, b) for a peak flow that left marks on a series of water-level gauges or where peak stages were recorded by that series of gauges, and c) for flow observed at the time of determining gauge heights from a series of gauges. The method is commonly used to undertake the extension of stage?discharge relationships above the highest gauged flows. It does not apply to determining discharges in tidal reaches.

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This document defines the requirements for the use of rectangular and triangular (V-notch) thin-plate
weirs for the measurement of flow of clear water in open channels under free flow conditions. It includes
the requirements for the use of full-width rectangular thin-plate weirs in submerged (drowned) flow
conditions.

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This document describes the establishment and operation of an ultrasonic (transit-time) gauging
station for the continuous measurement of discharge in a river, an open channel or a closed conduit.
It also describes the basic principles on which the method is based, the operation and performance of
associated instrumentation and procedures for commissioning.
It is limited to the “transit time of ultrasonic pulses” technique, and is not applicable to systems that
make use of the “Doppler shift” or “correlation” or “level-to-flow” techniques.
This document is not applicable to measurement in rivers with ice.
NOTE This document focuses on open channel flow measurement. IEC 60041 covers the use of the technique
for full pipe flow measurement.

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ISO 18481:2017 specifies a method for the estimation of the sub-critical flow of clear water in a smooth, essentially horizontal channel (or a gently sloping channel), abruptly discontinued at bottom by a hydraulic structure, with a vertical drop and discharging freely. Such an overfall forms a control section and offers a means for the estimation of flow using the end depth measurement method. A wide variety of channel cross-sections with overfall have been studied, but only those which have received general acceptance after adequate research and testing, and therefore do not require in situ calibration, are considered. This document covers channels with the following types of cross-sections: a) rectangular with confined and unconfined nappe; b) trapezoidal; c) triangular; d) circular; e) parabolic. The flow at the brink is curvilinear; therefore, the measured depth at the drop is not equal to the critical depth as computed by the principle based on assumption of parallel flow. However, the end depth and the critical depth (as in the case of the assumption of parallel flow) have unique relation, which is used to estimate the flow through these structures.

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ISO 6416 describes the establishment and operation of an ultrasonic (transit-time) gauging station for the continuous measurement of discharge in a river, an open channel or a closed conduit. It also describes the basic principles on which the method is based, the operation and performance of associated instrumentation and procedures for commissioning.
It is limited to the "transit time of ultrasonic pulses" technique, and is not applicable to systems that make use of the "Doppler shift" or "correlation" or "level-to-flow" techniques.
ISO 6416 is not applicable to measurement in rivers with ice.
NOTE ISO 6416 focuses on open channel flow measurement. IEC 60041 covers the use of the technique for full pipe flow measurement.

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ISO/TR 9210:2017 provides guidelines for discharge measurements in meandering and braided rivers, and from bridges, following the provisions of ISO 748.

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ISO 9123:2017 specifies methods for determining stage-fall-discharge relationships for a stream reach where variable backwater occurs either intermittently or continuously. Two gauging stations, a base reference gauge and an auxiliary gauge are required for gauge height measurements. A number of discharge measurements are required in order to calibrate the rating to the accuracy required by this document. The preparation of rating curves is not described in detail in this document. NOTE For a more detailed description of preparing rating curves, see the methods described in ISO 1100‑2.

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ISO 6416 describes the establishment and operation of an ultrasonic (transit-time) gauging station for the continuous measurement of discharge in a river, an open channel or a closed conduit. It also describes the basic principles on which the method is based, the operation and performance of associated instrumentation and procedures for commissioning. It is limited to the "transit time of ultrasonic pulses" technique, and is not applicable to systems that make use of the "Doppler shift" or "correlation" or "level-to-flow" techniques. ISO 6416 is not applicable to measurement in rivers with ice. NOTE ISO 6416 focuses on open channel flow measurement. IEC 60041 covers the use of the technique for full pipe flow measurement.

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ISO 1438:2017 defines the requirements for the use of rectangular and triangular (V-notch) thin-plate weirs for the measurement of flow of clear water in open channels under free flow conditions. It includes the requirements for the use of full-width rectangular thin-plate weirs in submerged (drowned) flow conditions.

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ISO/TR 19234:2016 specifies the requirements for the integration of baffles on the downstream face of triangular profile flow measurement structures to aid the passage of fish.

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ISO 6420:2016 specifies methods of determining the position of hydrometric boats based on satellite navigation systems and/or with respect to known points on the banks of rivers, estuaries or lakes. It applies to electronic positioning equipment and conventional surveying techniques.

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ISO 24155:2016 specifies the technical requirements that should be considered in designing and operating hydrometric data transmission systems (HDTS) and also the necessary functions of those systems. The scope of HDTS is shown in Annex A.

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ISO 29606:2015 specifies requirements for the integration of fishpasses with flow measurement structures. It identifies those fishpasses which have satisfactory hydrometric calibration data and gives methods for computing combined flows and uncertainties. NOTE Flow measurement structures and fishpasses have inherently different hydraulic performance criteria. Flow measurement structures perform better with uniform flow patterns; conversely, fish passage performance is improved by the variability of the flow conditions that allow fish and other aquatic inhabitants to select the passage conditions that best meet their mode of movement. This International Standard does not suggest that the fishpasses discussed are the preferred methods of fish passage or that they are good enough that passage performance can be sacrificed to obtain a single structure that meets both the fish passage and flow measurement requirements.

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ISO/TR 11651:2015 describes a method for estimation/prediction of sediment deposition within and upstream of a reservoir using numerical simulation techniques through one-dimensional flow and sediment transport equations. Numerical simulation models for predicting sediment distribution are applicable for reservoirs, where the length of the reservoir greatly exceeds the depth and width and the reservoir has a significant through flow. ISO/TR 11651:2015 includes the theoretical basis and fundamental assumptions of the technique and provides a summary of some numerical methods used to solve the unsteady flow and sediment transport equations. Also provided are details on the application of the model, including data requirements, procedures for model calibration, validation, testing, applications and identification of uncertainties associated with the method. This Technical Report does not provide sufficient information for the development of a computer program for solving the equations, but rather is based on the assumption that an adequately documented computer program is available.

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ISO/TR 9212:2015 reviews the current status of direct and indirect bedload-measurement techniques. The methods are mainly based on grain size distribution of the bedload, channel width, depth, and velocity of flow. This Technical Report outlines and explains several methods for direct and indirect measurement of bedload in streams, including various types of sampling devices. The purposes of measuring bedload-transport rates are to a) increase the accuracy of estimating total sediment load in rivers and deposition in reservoirs, b) gain knowledge of bedload transport that cannot be completely measured by conventional suspended-sediment collection methods, c) provide data to calibrate or verify theoretical transport models, and d) provide information needed in the design of river diversion and entrainment structures. NOTE The units of measurement used in this Technical Report are SI units.

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This International Standard provides guidelines on the principles of operation and the selection and use of
Doppler-based and echo correlation velocity meters for continuous-flow gauging.
This International Standard is applicable to channel flow determination in open channels and partially filled
pipes using one or more meters located at fixed points in the cross-section.

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This International Standard defines the requirements for equipment, anchorage, supports and
accessories for cableway systems for use in stream gauging. Systems which are operated either entirely
from the river bank or from a suspended personnel carriage (also called a “cable car”) are discussed.
This International Standard is only applicable to the cableway systems to be used for hydrometric
measurements. Should the cableway installation be required to be certified as lifting equipment, other
standards or regulations may apply. This International Standard does not concern methods for making
a discharge measurement which are described in ISO 748.

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ISO 4375:2014 defines the requirements for equipment, anchorage, supports and accessories for cableway systems for use in stream gauging. Systems which are operated either entirely from the river bank or from a suspended personnel carriage (also called a "cable car") are discussed. Should the cableway installation be required to be certified as lifting equipment, other standards or regulations may apply. ISO 4375:2014 is only applicable to the cableway systems to be used for hydrometric measurements.

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ISO 4375:2014 defines the requirements for equipment, anchorage, supports and accessories for cableway systems for use in stream gauging. Systems which are operated either entirely from the river bank or from a suspended personnel carriage (also called a "cable car") are discussed. Should the cableway installation be required to be certified as lifting equipment, other standards or regulations may apply. ISO 4375:2014 is only applicable to the cableway systems to be used for hydrometric measurements.

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ISO 11657:2014 specifies methods for determination of the concentrations and particle-size distributions of suspended sediment in streams and canals by surrogate techniques. ISO 11657:2014 covers brief description of the operating principle of each method and details of some of the instruments available.

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EN-ISO 18365 gives requirements for the establishment and operation of a gauging station for the measurement of stage, or stage and discharge, of a lake, reservoir, river or canal or other artificial open channel. It also describes how a gauging station utilizing one of the measurement methods listed should be operated and maintained. Requirements are provided for stage only measurement stations, stage-discharge stations and directdischarge measurement stations in natural channels, as well as for stage-discharge stations with artificial structures. Additionally, some requirements are given for measurements under difficult conditions, such as under ice conditions.

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ISO 18365:2013 gives requirements for the establishment and operation of a gauging station for the measurement of stage, or stage and discharge, of a lake, reservoir, river or canal or other artificial open channel. It also describes how a gauging station utilising one of the measurement methods listed should be operated and maintained. Requirements are provided for stage only measurement stations, stage-discharge stations and direct-discharge measurement stations in natural channels, as well as for stage-discharge stations with artificial structures. Additionally, some requirements are given for measurements under difficult conditions, such as under ice conditions.

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ISO 18365:2013 gives requirements for the establishment and operation of a gauging station for the measurement of stage, or stage and discharge, of a lake, reservoir, river or canal or other artificial open channel. It also describes how a gauging station utilising one of the measurement methods listed should be operated and maintained.
Requirements are provided for stage only measurement stations, stage-discharge stations and direct-discharge measurement stations in natural channels, as well as for stage-discharge stations with artificial structures. Additionally, some requirements are given for measurements under difficult conditions, such as under ice conditions.

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This part of IS0 9555 deals with the use of chemical tracers in discharge measurements by the dilution method. Apparatus and methods of general application are set out in IS0 9555-l and are not repeated here, with the exception of those relating specifically to chemical tracers. Chemical tracers have several advantages\ as follows.
a) As with fluorescent tracers, the handling of the tracer follows normal chemical laboratory practice, and no special equipment (e.g. radiation
shielding) is required. Care is still required, however, when handling concentrated tracer, to avoid contamination of samples and, with some
tracers, for reasons of chemical toxicity.
b) In general, chemical tracers are widely available commercially, and tnay be stored indefinitely.
c) Analysis may be possible using laboratory facilities currently used for water quality determination.
d) In general, chemical tracers are phofochemically stable.

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Concerns principles of the constant rate injection method and the sudden injection method (integration method), and the principles of injection, sampling and analysis which apply for all types of tracer. The tracers used and their concentrations should be compatible with the legislation of each country regarding the occasional and short-durations discharges of foreign substances into natural waters.

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This International Standard provides a standard basis for the collection and processing of data for the determination of the uncertainties in measurements of discharge in open channels by velocity-area methods using current-meters. To determine the discharge in open channels by the velocity-area method, components of the flow (velocity, depth and breadth) need to be measured. The component measurements are combined to compute the total discharge. The total uncertainty in the computed discharge is a combination of the uncertainties in the measured components. Clause 4 of this International Standard deals with the types of errors and uncertainties involved. Clauses 5 and 6 present a standard procedure to estimate the component uncertainties by the collection and processing of the necessary data. This International Standard is intended to be applied to velocity-area methods that involve measurement of point velocities at a relatively small number of discrete depths and transverse positions in the flow crosssection, as described in ISO 748. This International Standard is not intended to be applied to measurements made by Acoustic Doppler Velocity Profilers (ADVP) or other instruments that produce essentially continuous velocity profiles of the flow field.

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Describes the tracers used (fluorescein, rhodamine B, acid yellow 7, sulfo rhodamine B, pyranine, and rhodamine WT), the tracer measurement (principle, field measurement and laboratory measurements), environmental factors affecting tracers, techniques for tracer injection, sampling techniques, analysis and computation.

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ISO 4359:2013 specifies methods for the measurement of flow in rivers and artificial channels under steady or slowly varying flow conditions, using certain types of standing-wave, or critical-depth, flumes. A wide variety of flumes has been developed, but only those which have received general acceptance after adequate research and field testing, and which therefore do not require in situ calibration, are considered. The flow conditions considered are uniquely dependent on the upstream head, i.e. subcritical flow must exist upstream of the flume, after which the flow accelerates through the contraction and passes through its critical depth. The water level downstream of the structure is low enough to have no influence upon its performance. ISO 4359:2013 is applicable to three commonly used types of flumes, covering a wide range of applications, namely rectangular-throated, trapezoidal-throated and U-throated. It is not applicable to a form of flume referred to in the literature (sometimes called a "Venturi" flume) in which the flow remains subcritical throughout.

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This International Standard describes methods for the measurement of temporal and spatial changes in reservoir capacities due to sediment deposition.

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ISO 4377:2012 describes the methods of measurement of flow in rivers and artificial channels under steady or slowly varying conditions using flat-V weirs

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ISO 772:2011 gives terms, definitions and symbols used in standards in the field of hydrometry.

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ISO 2425:2010 provides a summary of recommended methods for the determination of liquid flow in tidal channels, special consideration being given to those techniques that are either unique to or particularly appropriate for application under tidal conditions, including treatment of uncertainties. Reference is also made, where appropriate, to methods for the determination of flow in non-tidal channels, but attention is drawn to their limitations with respect to practicality and/or uncertainty. ISO 2425:2010 does not describe alternative methods, such as the use of weirs, flumes, dilution gauging, salt velocity and floats, although they might be suitable under certain conditions, especially where the effect of tides only impedes and does not stop or reverse the passage of stream flow. These methods are described in detail in other International Standards. ISO 2425:2010 specifies two types of technique: techniques for single measurements of tidal flow; techniques for continuous measurement of tidal flow. Annex A specifies the cubature method of measurement. Annex B specifies methods for the determination of flow under tidal conditions, and Annex C gives an example of the computation for a single vertical. Similar computations are possible for other verticals. Annex D describes the determination of tidal flow using an acoustic Doppler velocity meter.

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ISO 15769:2010 provides guidelines on the principles of operation and the selection and use of Doppler-based and echo correlation velocity meters for continuous-flow gauging. ISO 15769:2010 is applicable to channel flow determination in open channels and partially filled pipes using one or more meters located at fixed points in the cross-section.

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This noise test code specifies all the information necessary to carry out efficiently and under standardized conditions the determination, declaration and verification of the noise emission values of several groups of foundry machinery. It specifies noise measurement methods that are available and operating and mounting conditions that shall be used for the test.
Noise emission values include emission sound pressure levels at work stations and the sound power level. The determination of these quantities is necessary for:
-   manufacturers to declare the noise emitted;
-   comparing the noise emitted by machines in the group concerned;
-   purposes of noise control at the source at the design stage.
The use of this standard ensures the reproducibility of the determination of the !noise emission values" within specified limits determined by the grade of accuracy of the basic noise measurement method used. Noise measurement methods allowed by this standard are engineering methods (grade 2) and survey methods (grade 3).
This standard has a main body giving general requirements common to the foundry machines family. Six normative Annexes give requirements specific to the groups of foundry machinery listed below:
-   core making machines (EN 710);
-   moulding machines (EN 710);
-   knock-out grids and knock-out trays (EN 710);
-   dry abrasive blasting equipment (not restricted to foundry application) (EN 1248);
-   air blasting equipment (EN 1248);
-   diecasting machines (EN 869);
and six informative Annexes giving guidance for the definition of specific operating conditions.
The main body of this standard also gives guidance for the measurement of the noise emission of foundry machines not dealt with in the Annexes.
This standard does not cover the computation of personnel daily noise exposure.

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This International Standard specifies the functional requireme nts of instrumentation for measuring the level of water surfac e (stage), primarily for the purpose of determining flow rates . This International Standard is supplemented by an annex prov iding guidance on the types of water level measurement devices currently available and the measurement uncertainty associate d with them (see Annex A).

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