This document describes a non-destructive method to verify (confirm) the precious metal fineness of finished and semifinished jewellery item(s) considered homogeneous by ED-XRF (energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence), including alloys according to ISOÂ 9202. This document is not suitable for any coated items. WD-XRF (wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence) equipment cannot be used.

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This part of IEC 60068 outlines Tests Ta and Tb, applicable to devices with leads and leads
themselves. Soldering tests for surface mounting devices (SMD) are described in
IEC 60068‑2‑58.
This document provides procedures for determining the solderability and resistance to soldering
heat of devices in applications using solder alloys, which are eutectic or near eutectic tin lead
(Pb), or lead-free alloys.
The procedures in this document include the solder bath method and soldering iron method.
The objective of this document is to ensure that component lead or termination solderability
meets the applicable solder joint requirements of IEC 61191-3 and IEC 61191-4. In addition,
test methods are provided to ensure that the component body can be resistant to the heat load
to which it is exposed during soldering.
NOTE Information about wetting time and wetting force can be obtained by test methods using a wetting balance.
IEC 60068-2-69 (solder bath and solder globule method) can be consulted.

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1   Scope and object
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows:
1.1.1 Equipment included in scope
Replacement:
Replace the text with the following:
This group safety publication is primarily intended to be used as a product safety standard for the products mentioned in the scope, but shall also be used by technical committees in the preparation of their publications for products similar to those mentioned in the scope of this standard, in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and lSO/lEC Guide 51.
This part of IEC 61010 specifies safety requirements for equipment having testing or measuring circuits which are connected for test or measurement purposes to devices or circuits outside the measurement equipment itself.
These include measuring circuits which are part of electrical test and measurement equipment, laboratory equipment, or process control equipment. The existence of these circuits in equipment requires additional protective means between the circuit and an OPERATOR.
NOTE These testing and measuring circuits can, for example:
–   measure voltages in circuits of other equipment,
–   measure temperature of a separate device via a thermocouple,
–   measure force on a separate device via a strain gauge,
–   inject a voltage onto a circuit to analyse a new design.
Equipment having these testing and measuring circuits may be intended for performing tests and measurements on hazardous conductors, including MAINS conductors and telecommunication network conductors. See Annex BB for considerations of HAZARDS involved in various tests and measurements.

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1 Scope and object
This clause of Part 1 is applicable, except as follows:
1.1 Scope
1.1.1 Equipment included in scope
Deletion:
Delete the first paragraph.
Replacement:
Replace the second paragraph (above items a) to c)) with the following new text:
This part of IEC 61010 specifies particular safety requirements for cabinet X-ray systems, which
fall under any of categories a), b) or c) below.
Addition:
Add the two following new paragraphs at the end of the subclause:
Equipment covered by this document can be both PROTECTED EQUIPMENT or PARTIALLY
PROTECTED EQUIPMENT, with X-ray generator voltage up to 500 kV.
A cabinet X-ray system is a system that contains an X-ray tube installed in a cabinet, which,
independently of existing architectural structures except the floor on which it may be placed, is
intended to contain at least that portion of a material being irradiated, provide radiation
attenuation and prevent operator access to the radiation beam, during generation of X-radiation.
These cabinet X-ray systems are used in industrial, commercial, and public environments, for
example, to inspect materials, to analyse materials, and to screen baggage.
1.1.2 Equipment excluded from scope
Addition:
Add the following new items to the list:
aa) Equipment intended to apply X-radiation to humans or animals;
bb) Equipment incorporating an X-ray tube but not incorporating complete shielding against
X-radiation HAZARDS, such as:
– equipment intended to be used within a shielded room which excludes personnel during
operation;
– equipment intended to be used with separate portable or temporary shielding;
– equipment intended to produce an emerging beam of X-radiation.
1.2 Object
1.2.1 Aspects included in scope
Addition:
Add the following new text to the end of the first paragraph:
This part of IEC 61010 specifies requirements for the design and methods of construction of
cabinet X-ray systems to provide adequate protection for OPERATORS, bystanders, trained
service personnel and the surrounding area against unintentionally-emitted X-radiation and from
mechanical HAZARDS related to their conveyors.

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This group safety publication is primarily intended to be used as a product safety standard for
the products mentioned in the scope, but shall also be used by technical committees in the
preparation of their publications for products similar to those mentioned in the scope of this
standard, in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and lSO/lEC Guide 51.
This part of IEC 61010 specifies safety requirements for measurement equipment for
insulation resistance and test equipment for electric strength with an output voltage exceeding
50 V a.c. or 120 V d.c.
This document also applies to combined measuring equipment which has an insulation
resistance measurement function or an electric strength test measurement function.

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This group safety publication is primarily intended to be used as a product safety standard for
the products mentioned in the scope, but shall also be used by technical committees in the
preparation of their publications for products similar to those mentioned in the scope of this
standard, in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and
lSO/lEC Guide 51.
This part of IEC 61010 specifies safety requirements for equipment having testing or
measuring circuits which are connected for test or measurement purposes to devices or
circuits outside the measurement equipment itself.
These include measuring circuits which are part of electrical test and measurement
equipment, laboratory equipment, or process control equipment. The existence of these
circuits in equipment requires additional protective means between the circuit and an
OPERATOR.
NOTE These testing and measuring circuits can, for example:
– measure voltages in circuits of other equipment,
– measure temperature of a separate device via a thermocouple,
– measure force on a separate device via a strain gauge,
– inject a voltage onto a circuit to analyse a new design.
Equipment having these testing and measuring circuits may be intended for performing tests
and measurements on hazardous conductors, including MAINS conductors and
telecommunication network conductors. See Annex BB for considerations of HAZARDS involved
in various tests and measurements.

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1   Scope and object
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows:
1.1.1 Equipment included in scope
Replacement:
Replace the text with the following:
This group safety publication is primarily intended to be used as a product safety standard for the products mentioned in the scope, but shall also be used by technical committees in the preparation of their publications for products similar to those mentioned in the scope of this standard, in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and lSO/lEC Guide 51.
This part of IEC 61010 specifies safety requirements for measurement equipment for insulation resistance and test equipment for electric strength with an output voltage exceeding 50 V a.c. or 120 V d.c..
This part also applies to combined measuring equipment which has an insulation resistance measurement function or an electric strength test measurement function.

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This document specifies a method of penetrant testing used to detect discontinuities, e.g. cracks, laps, folds, porosity and lack of fusion, which are open to the surface of the material to be tested using white light or UV-A (365Â nm) radiation. It is mainly applied to metallic materials, but can also be performed on other materials, provided that they are inert to the test media and not excessively porous (castings, forgings, welds, ceramics, etc.) This document also includes requirements for process and control testing, but is not intended to be used for acceptance criteria. It gives neither information relating to the suitability of individual test systems for specific applications nor requirements for test equipment. NOTEÂ 1Â Â Methods for determining and monitoring the essential properties of penetrant testing products to be used are specified in ISO 3452-2 and ISO 3452-3. NOTEÂ 2Â Â The term "discontinuity" is used in this document in the sense that no evaluation concerning acceptability or non-acceptability is included. NOTEÂ 3Â Â CEN/TR 16638 addresses penetrant testing using actinic blue light.

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This document specifies the technical requirements and test procedures for penetrant materials for their type testing and batch testing. This document covers the temperature range from 10 °C to 50 °C. Additional tests in ISO 3452-5 or ISO 3452-6 can be required outside this range. On-site control tests and methods are detailed in ISO 3452‑1.

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This part of IEC 60068 specifies a composite test procedure, primarily intended for component
type specimens, to determine, in an accelerated manner, the resistance of specimens to the
deteriorative effects of high temperature/humidity and cold conditions.
This test standard does not apply to specimens that are energized during the complete test.
Specimens can be energized during the constant phases of the tests. Measurements on
energized specimens are typically carried out during constant phases of the test unless
specified otherwise.

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This document specifies a method for the measurement of effective focal spot dimensions above 0,1 mm of X-ray systems up to and including 1000 kV tube voltage by means of the pinhole camera method with digital evaluation. The tube voltage applied for this measurement is restricted to 200 kV for visual film evaluation.
The imaging quality and the resolution of X-ray images depend highly on the characteristics of the effective focal spot, in particular the size and the two dimensional intensity distribution as seen from the detector plane.
This test method provides instructions for determining the effective size (dimensions) of standard (macro focal spots) and mini focal spots of industrial X-ray tubes. This determination is based on the measurement of an image of a focal spot that has been radiographically recorded with a "pinhole" technique and evaluated with a digital method.
For the characterization of commercial X-ray tube types (i.e. for advertising or trade) it is advised that the specific FS values of Annex A are used.

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This part of IEC 60068 specifies methods of test applicable to specimens which, during
transportation, storage or in service, can be subjected to low air pressure.
The object of the low air pressure test is to determine the ability of components, equipment or
other articles to be used, transported or stored at low air pressure.
Components, equipment or other articles to be used, transported or stored under a
simultaneous combination of high or low temperature and low air pressure, where the
combination is important for the stresses imposed on the articles or for the failure mechanisms,
are then tested in accordance with IEC 60068-2-39.

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This part of IEC 60068 specifies a test method for assessing the corrosion resistance of
electrotechnical products components, equipment and materials in a salt mist environment. Its
objective is to verify that the comparative quality of a metallic material, with or without
corrosion protection, is maintained when exposed to salt mist.
This test method is useful for evaluating the quality and the uniformity of coatings applied to
protect metals against corrosion. It is particularly useful for detecting discontinuities, such as
pores and other defects, in certain metallic, organic, anodic oxide and conversion coatings.

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The present document defines power feeding solutions for 5G, converged wireless and wireline access equipment and
network, taking into consideration their enhanced requirements on service availability and reliability, the new
deployment scenarios, together with the environmental impact of the proposed solutions.
The minimum requirements of different solutions including power feeding structures, components, backup, safety
requirements, environmental conditions are also defined.
The present document is applicable to powering of both mobile and fixed access network elements, in particular on
equipment that have similar configurations and needs.
The future development of 5G networks will create a new scenario in which the density of radio cells will increase
considerably, together with the increase of wireline network equipment that are going to be installed in the vicinity to
the users, thereby creating the need to define new solutions for powering that will be environmentally friendly,
sustainable, dependable, smart and visible remotely.
The -48 V DC, up to 400 V DC local and remote power solutions defined respectively in ETSI EN 300 132-2 [2],
ETSI EN 302 099 [i.10] and ETSI EN 300 132-3-1 [3] or Recommendation ITU-T L.1200 [i.13] will be considered as
the standards in force for power facilities, together with IEEE 802.3TM [i.18] (PoE).

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The present document is aimed at defining the topology and level of analysis to assess the energy efficiency of mobile
networks. Within the scope of the present document there is the radio access part of the mobile networks, and namely
there are radio base stations, backhauling systems, radio controllers and other infrastructure radio site equipment. The
covered technologies are GSM, UMTS, LTE and 5G New Radio (NR). In particular the present document defines
metrics for mobile network energy efficiency and methods for assessing (and measuring) energy efficiency in
operational networks. The purpose of the present document is to allow better comprehension of networks energy
efficiency, in particular considering the networks' evolution in different periods in time.
Aiming to consider also the slicing approach of the networks from 5G onwards the metrics are extended to the latency
of the network itself related to the energy consumed, additionally to the metrics based on traffic and on coverage,
already existing for legacy networks and still valid.
The present document deals with both a homogeneous and heterogeneous "network" considering a network whose size
and scale could be defined by topologic, geographic or demographic boundaries. For networks defined by topologic
boundaries, a possible example of a network covered by the present document consists of a control node (whenever
applicable), its supported access nodes as well as the related network elements. Networks could be defined by
geographic boundaries, such as city-wide, national or continental networks and could be defined by demographic
boundaries, such as urban or rural networks.
The present document applies to the so-called "partial" networks for which a measurement method is also
recommended. The specification extends the measurements in partial networks to wider so-called "total" networks
energy efficiency estimations (i.e. the network in a geographic area, the network in a whole country, the network of a
MNO, etc.).
Terminal (end-user) equipment is outside the scope of the present document and is not considered in the energy
efficiency measurement.

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The present document version covers base stations with the following radio access technologies:
• GSM.
• WCDMA.
• LTE.
• NR.
The methodology described in the present document is to measure base station static power consumption and RF output
power. Within the present document it is referred to as static measurements.
The results based on "static" measurements provide power and energy consumption figures for BS under static load.
Energy consumption of terminal (end-user) equipment is outside the scope of the present document.
The scope of the present document is not to define target values for the BS power and energy consumption.
The results should only be used to assess and compare the power and energy consumption of complete base stations.
Wide Area Base Stations and Medium Range Base Stations (as defined in ETSI TS 125 104 [2], ETSI TS 136 104 [12],
and ETSI TS 138 104 [15]) are covered in the present document.

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IEC 60068-2-20:2021 is available as IEC 60068-2-20:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 60068-2-20:2021 outlines Tests Ta and Tb, applicable to devices with leads and leads themselves. Soldering tests for surface mounting devices (SMD) are described in IEC 60068-2-58. This document provides procedures for determining the solderability and resistance to soldering heat of devices in applications using solder alloys, which are eutectic or near eutectic tin lead (Pb), or lead-free alloys. The procedures in this document include the solder bath method and soldering iron method. The objective of this document is to ensure that component lead or termination solderability meets the applicable solder joint requirements of IEC 61191-3 and IEC 61191-4. In addition, test methods are provided to ensure that the component body can be resistant to the heat load to which it is exposed during soldering. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- update of and clarification of pre-conditioning (former "aging") and its relation to natural aging.

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IEC 60068-2-38:2021 is available as IEC 60068-2-38:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 60068-2-38:2021 specifies a composite test procedure, primarily intended for component type specimens, to determine, in an accelerated manner, the resistance of specimens to the deteriorative effects of high temperature/humidity and cold conditions. This test standard does not apply to specimens that are energized during the complete test. Specimens can be energized during the constant phases of the tests. Measurements on energized specimens are typically carried out during constant phases of the test unless specified otherwise. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition, published in 2009. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- the figures have been updated;
- changes to the wording has been made for clarification purposes.

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IEC 61083-3:2020 is applicable to digital recording instruments used for measurements during tests with high alternating and direct voltages and currents. It specifies the measuring characteristics and calibrations required to meet the measuring uncertainties and procedures specified in the relevant IEC standards (e.g. IEC 60060-1, IEC 60060-2, IEC 60060-3, IEC 62475, IEC 61180).
This document is applicable to those digital recording instruments that will be designed and type tested according to this document.
This document
• defines performance requirements for digital recording instruments used during tests with alternating voltages and currents (AC) or direct voltages and currents (DC);
• specifies the necessary requirements for such instruments to ensure their suitability for use under the relevant standards;
• establishes the tests and procedures necessary to demonstrate their compliance;
• defines the terms related to digital recording instruments with recording function and access to raw data.
Examples of relevant alternating and direct voltages and currents to be measured are listed in Annex D.
This International Standard has the status of a horizontal standard in accordance with IEC Guide 108.

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IEC 61010-2-130:2021 specifies particular safety requirements for the following types of equipment a), b) or c) and their accessories intended to be used in educational establishments by children under the supervision of the responsible body. It specifies general safety requirements for equipment intended to be used in educational establishments by persons between the age of 3 years and the age of 16 years under the supervision of a responsible body.
This first edition cancels and replaces IEC TS 62850, published in 2013.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to IEC TS 62850:
a) marking and documentation requirements;
b) stability and handling requirements.

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This document specifies the measurement of the size distribution of particles dispersed in an electrolyte solution using the electrical sensing zone method. This can include biologics such as cells, but also industrial particles such as carbon, cement, ceramic powders, metal powders, pigments and polymer powders. The method measures pulse heights and their relationship to particle volumes or diameters, and is applicable over the range (implementation dependant) from approximately 0,5 μm tο above 1 mm. This document does not address the specific requirements of the measurement of specific materials.

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IEC 60216-3:2021 is available as IEC 60216-3:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60216-3:2021 specifies the calculation procedures used for deriving thermal endurance characteristics from experimental data obtained in accordance with the instructions of IEC 60216-1 and IEC 60216-2, using fixed ageing temperatures and variable ageing times. The experimental data can be obtained using non-destructive, destructive or proof tests. Data obtained from non-destructive or proof tests can be incomplete, in that it is possible that measurement of times taken to reach the end-point will have been terminated at some point after the median time but before all specimens have reached end-point. The procedures are illustrated by worked examples, and suitable computer programs are recommended to facilitate the calculations.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- a new computer program has been included;
- Annex E " has been completely reworked.

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IEC GUIDE 115:2021 is available as IEC GUIDE 115:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC Guide 115:2021 presents a practical approach to the application of uncertainty of measurement to conformity assessment activities in the electrotechnical sector. It is specifically conceived for use in IECEE Schemes as well as by testing laboratories engaged in testing electrical products to national safety standards. It describes the application of uncertainty of measurement principles and provides guidance on making uncertainty of measurement calculations. It also gives some examples relating to uncertainty of measurement calculations for product conformity assessment testing. IEC Guide 115 has been prepared by the IECEE Committee of Testing Laboratories (CTL) to provide guidance on the practical application of the measurement uncertainty requirements of ISO/IEC 17025 to the electrical safety testing conducted within the IECEE CB Scheme. The IECEE CB Scheme is a multilateral, international agreement, among over 40 countries and some 60 national certification bodies, for the acceptance of test reports on electrical products tested to IEC standards.The aim of the CTL is, among other tasks, to define a common understanding of the test methodology with regard to the IEC standards as well as to ensure and continually improve the repeatability and reproducibility of test results among the member laboratories. The practical approach to measurement uncertainty outlined in this document has been adopted for use in the IECEE Schemes, and is also extensively used around the world by testing laboratories engaged in testing electrical products to national safety standards.

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IEC 61010-2-202:2020 is available as IEC 61010-2-202:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.

IEC 61010-2-202:2020 constitutes Part 2-202 of a planned series of standards on industrial-process measurement, control and automation equipment. Safety terms of general use are defined in IEC 61010-1. More specific terms are defined in each part. This part incorporates the safety related requirements of electrically operated valve ACTUATORs and SOLENOIDs. This document does not cover functional safety aspects of electrically operated ACTUATORs and SOLENOIDs.

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IEC 60068-2-11:2021 specifies a test method for assessing the corrosion resistance of electrotechnical products components, equipment and materials in a salt mist environment. Its objective is to verify that the comparative quality of a metallic material, with or without corrosion protection, is maintained when exposed to salt mist.
This test method is useful for evaluating the quality and the uniformity of coatings applied to protect metals against corrosion. It is particularly useful for detecting discontinuities, such as pores and other defects, in certain metallic, organic, anodic oxide and conversion coatings.
This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 1981. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) the preparation of the salt solution has been modified;
b) the temperature of the solution for measuring pH has been modified;
c) the atomizing pressure and water temperature of the saturation tower have been added and are given in Table 1;
d) test report details have been modified;
e) examples of typical test apparatus have been added and are given in Annex A;
f) a method for evaluating corrosivity of the apparatus has been added and is given in Annex B;
g) a bibliography has been added.

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IEC 60068-2-13:2021 specifies methods of test applicable to specimens which, during transportation, storage or in service, can be subjected to low air pressure.
This fifth edition cancels and replaces the fourth edition, published in 1983. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) alignment with recently revised parts of IEC 60068-2;
b) Clause 5: severities aligned with IEC 60721-2-3 and IEC 60721-3 (all parts);
c) addition of Annex A (guidance on selecting the duration of exposure).

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The present document describes the principles for powering of Telecommunications Equipment (TE) in access
networks (both traditional copper based and Next Generation fibre and/or hybrid based) and contains requirements for
the powering systems, laying down:
• the characteristics of the input and output interfaces of the power units; the recommendations for TE power
protection, also regarding network integrity and public services availability requirements;
• the management data, necessary to guarantee the required availability of the network and provided public
services and to ensure the maintenance of the TE power units.
The present document takes into account the innovative characteristics of fibre-based access network equipment, for
which the intrinsic limitation of the local power plants should be considered regarding the equipment installed inside
telecom centre or local exchanges or installed in streets or inside buildings: it goes from "complete integration of the
power plant in the TE" to "remote power feeding from a distant power plant".
The present document provides detailed information in annex A on the improved reliability of public electric power grid
and on the improved reliability and availability of new fibre-based NGA network. It should be considered that, for street
cabinet TE, the local power scenario is common and, in that case, the main power supply availability characteristics are
mainly based on electrical energy provider's performance.
The present document applies to the powering of all equipment of the access network (copper, fibre or radio networks)
located inside or outside telecommunications centres or local exchanges, differentiating the applicable and sustainable
power protection requirements. The access network is defined as the part of the telecommunications network, which
comprises the network termination (passive or active) that is installed inside customer premises and the first exchange
that can be also the broadband local exchange.
As innovative fibre-based and hybrid-based NGA network TE are changing the traditional powering paradigm, the
present document proposes the viable measures to comply with the integrity, availability and uninterrupted
telephone/VoIP provision that European regulatory defines for public networks [i.18].
The present document describes different configurations of powering the TE and the impacts on networks and services
continuity and reliability:
• Local power supply for TE (e.g. street cabinet, active network termination, etc.).
• Remote Feeding to TE from central office through copper access pair.
• Cluster Power supply feeding power for a cluster of TE.
• Remote power feeding to TE from centre or cluster power through a power cable.
• Back feeding or Reverse Powering architecture that can supply power to Access Network Units such as ONU
or ONT or remote DSL unit from the customer premises through its final distribution access copper pair.

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IEC 61083-1:2021 is applicable to digital recorders, including digital oscilloscopes, used for measurements during tests with high impulse voltages and high impulse currents. It specifies the measuring characteristics and calibrations required to meet the measuring uncertainties and procedures specified in IEC 60060-2 and IEC 62475.
This document
• defines the terms specifically related to digital recorders;
• specifies the necessary requirements for such instruments to ensure their compliance with the requirements for high-voltage and high-current impulse tests;
• establishes the tests and procedures necessary to demonstrate their compliance;
• covers digital recorders that permit access to raw data from permanent or temporary storage;
• covers peak meters used for measuring the extreme value of lightning impulses, the peak value of switching or current impulses.
It has the status of a horizontal standard in accordance with IEC Guide 108.
This horizontal standard is primarily intended for use by technical committees in the preparation of standards in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 108. One of the responsibilities of a technical committee is, wherever applicable, to make use of horizontal standards in the preparation of its publications. The contents of this horizontal standard will not apply unless specifically referred to or included in the relevant publications.
This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2001. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) Requirements for static integral non-linearity and static differential non-linearity have been removed.
b) Requirement for impulse scale factor non-linearity has been added.
c) Uncertainty requirements for impulse calibrators have been revised.
d) Requirements for peak voltmeter have been revised.

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This International Standard describes methods and acceptance criteria for verifying the performance of ultrasonic equipment (i.e. instrument and probe combined as defined in Part 1 and Part 2) by the use of appropriate standard calibration blocks. These methods are not intended to prove the suitability of the equipment for particular applications. The methods described are suitable for the use by operators working under site or shop floor conditions. The methods only apply to pulse echo equipment using Ascan presentation, with gain controls or attenuators calibrated in steps not greater than 2 dB and used essentially in contact testing. These methods are specifically intended for manual testing equipment.
For automated testing different tests can be needed to ensure satisfactory performance.

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This document defines the terms related to phased arrays used in ultrasonic non-destructive testing.
Note: The general terms used in ultrasonic non-destructive testing are defined in EN ISO 5577.

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IEC 62899-302-3:2021(E) specifies in-flight imaging methods for the measurement of the direction of ink drops jetted from inkjet print-heads using drop watchers. It does not apply to holographic or other interference techniques, or to any method assessing deposited ink drops. It is specific to drop-on-demand type inkjet print-heads (used in printed electronics equipment).

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This document gives general provisions for applying ultrasonic testing with arrays using FMC/TFM techniques and related technologies. It is intended to promote the adoption of good practice either at the manufacturing stage or for in-service testing of existing installations or for repairs. Some examples of applications considered in this document deal with characterization and sizing in damage assessment. Materials considered are low-alloyed carbon steels and common aerospace grade aluminium and titanium alloys, provided they are homogeneous and isotropic, but some recommendations are given for other materials (e.g. austenitic ones). This document does not include acceptance levels for discontinuities. For the application of FMC/TFM to testing of welds, see ISO 23864.

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This amendment 1 is valid for the following parts of the IEC 60317: Part 2 (1990), Part 3 (1990), Part 4 (1990), Part 10 (1972), Part 12 (1990), Part 14 (1990), Part 15 (1990), Part 16 (1990), Part 17 (1990), Part 18 (1990), Part 19 (1990), Part 20 (1990), Part 21 (1990), Part 22 (1990), Part 23 (1990), Part 24 (1990), Part 26 (1990), Part 28 (1990), Part 29 (1990), Part 30 (1990), Part 35 (1992), Part 36 (1992), Part 37 (1992) and Part 38 (1992).

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This document provides a series of standard testing methods to determine the resistance of flat or curved surfaces against abrasion, scratch or punch under high dynamics as may occur for example by manually operating actuators or due to impacts of materials like shoes, cases, bags and other common objects of everyday’s usage inside an aircraft cabin. The method is also suitable to test the resistance of a surface against all other high dynamic strains.

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IEC 61083-3:2020 is applicable to digital recording instruments used for measurements during tests with high alternating and direct voltages and currents. It specifies the measuring characteristics and calibrations required to meet the measuring uncertainties and procedures specified in the relevant IEC standards (e.g. IEC 60060-1, IEC 60060-2, IEC 60060-3, IEC 62475, IEC 61180).
This document is applicable to those digital recording instruments that will be designed and type tested according to this document.
This document
• defines performance requirements for digital recording instruments used during tests with alternating voltages and currents (AC) or direct voltages and currents (DC);
• specifies the necessary requirements for such instruments to ensure their suitability for use under the relevant standards;
• establishes the tests and procedures necessary to demonstrate their compliance;
• defines the terms related to digital recording instruments with recording function and access to raw data.
Examples of relevant alternating and direct voltages and currents to be measured are listed in Annex D.
This International Standard has the status of a horizontal standard in accordance with IEC Guide 108.

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This document defines terms used in ultrasonic testing with arrays. This includes phased array technology and signal processing technology using arrays, e. g. the full-matrix capture (FMC) (3.3.1.28) and the total focusing technique (TFM) (3.3.1.35).

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This document provides general principles for thermoelastic stress measuring method of infrared thermographic testing in the field of industrial non-destructive testing (NDT).

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This document describes the test method for determining residual stresses in polycrystalline materials
by neutron diffraction. It is applicable to both homogeneous and inhomogeneous materials including
those containing distinct phases.
The principles of the neutron diffraction technique are outlined. Suggestions are provided on:
— the selection of appropriate diffracting lattice planes on which measurements should be made for
different categories of materials,
— the specimen directions in which the measurements should be performed, and
— the volume of material examined in relation to the material grain size and the envisaged stress state.
Procedures are described for accurately positioning and aligning test pieces in a neutron beam and for
precisely defining the volume of material sampled for the individual measurements.
The precautions needed for calibrating neutron diffraction instruments are described. Techniques for
obtaining a stress-free reference are presented.
The methods of making individual measurements by neutron diffraction are described in detail.
Procedures for analysing the results and for determining their statistical relevance are presented.
Advice is provided on how to determine reliable estimates of residual stresses from the strain data and
on how to estimate the uncertainty in the results.

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This International Standard covers probes used for ultrasonic testing in the following categories with centre frequencies in the range 0,5 MHz to 15 MHz, focusing and without focusing means:
a) single or dual-transducer contact probes generating longitudinal or transverse waves;
b) single-transducer immersion probes generating longitudinal waves.

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This International Standard specifies methods and acceptance criteria for assessing the electrical performance of analogue and digital ultrasonic instruments for pulse operation using A-scan display, employed for manual ultrasonic non-destructive testing with single or dual-transducer probes operating within the centre frequency range 0,5 MHz to 15 MHz. Ultrasonic instruments for continuous waves are not included in this standard. This standard may partly be applicable to ultrasonic instruments in automated systems but then other tests can be needed to ensure satisfactory performance.

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IEC 61010-2-202:2020 is available as IEC 61010-2-202:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61010-2-202:2020 constitutes Part 2-202 of a planned series of standards on industrial-process measurement, control and automation equipment. Safety terms of general use are defined in IEC 61010-1. More specific terms are defined in each part. This part incorporates the safety related requirements of electrically operated valve ACTUATORs and SOLENOIDs. This document does not cover functional safety aspects of electrically operated ACTUATORs and SOLENOIDs.

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IEC 60112:2020 specifies the method of test for the determination of the proof and comparative tracking indices of solid insulating materials on pieces taken from parts of equipment and on plaques of material using alternating voltage. This document provides a procedure for the determination of erosion when required.
This test method evaluates the composition of the material as well as the surface of the material being evaluated. Both the composition and surface condition directly influence the results of the evaluation and are considered when using the results in material selection process.
Test results are not directly suitable for the evaluation of safe creepage distances when designing electrical apparatus.
This basic safety publication focusing on a safety test method is primarily intended for use by technical committees in the preparation of safety publications in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and lSO/lEC Guide 51.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
Introduction of a new contaminant, solution C with a surfactant aligned with the test method of IEC 60587. The definition of the solution B was transferred to Annex B for backward reference.
Introduction of a screening test, considering the fact that some materials can withstand high test voltages, but fail at lower test voltages.  It has the status of a basic safety publication in accordance with IEC Guide 104.

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This document provides guidelines and requirements for the determination of aerosol particle number size distribution by means of the analysis of electrical mobility of aerosol particles. This measurement is usually called "differential electrical mobility analysis for aerosol particles". This analytical method is applicable to particle size measurements ranging from approximately 1 nm to 1 µm. This document does not address the specific instrument design or the specific requirements of particle size distribution measurements for different applications but includes the calculation method of uncertainty. In this document, the complete system for carrying out differential electrical mobility analysis is referred to as DMAS (differential mobility analysing system), while the element within this system that classifies the particles according to their electrical mobility is referred to as DEMC (differential electrical mobility classifier). NOTE This document does not include technical requirements and specifications for the application of DMAS, which are defined in application specific standards or guidelines, e.g. for road vehicle applications (ISO/TC 22), environmental measurements (ISO/TC 146) or nanotechnologies (ISO/TC 229).

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This document specifies methods, tolerances and acceptance criteria for verifying the performance of combined ultrasonic test equipment (i.e. instrument, probes and cables connected) by the use of appropriate standard calibration blocks. These methods are specifically intended for manual test equipment, i.e. ultrasonic instruments according to ISO 22232-1, and for manual ultrasonic non-destructive testing with single- or dual-transducer probes according to ISO 22232-2. This document is also applicable for multi-channel instruments. For automated test equipment, different tests can be needed to ensure satisfactory performance. The specified methods are intended for the use by operators working under site or shop floor conditions. These methods are not intended to prove the suitability of the equipment for particular applications. This document excludes ultrasonic instruments for continuous waves. This document also excludes ultrasonic phased array systems, see e. g. ISO 18563-3. If a phased array instrument is used in combination with single- or dual-transducer probes, this document is applicable to this combination.

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The present document specifies test severities and methods for the verification of the required resistibility of equipment
according to the relevant environmental class.
The tests in the present document apply to stationary use of equipment at weatherprotected locations covering the
environmental conditions stated in ETSI EN 300 019-1-3 [1].

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This document specifies a method for the application of small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) to the estimation of mean particle sizes in the 1 nm to 100 nm size range. It is applicable in dilute dispersions where the interaction and scattering effects between the particles are negligible. This document describes several data evaluation methods: the Guinier approximation, model-based data fitting, Monte-Carlo?based data fitting, the indirect Fourier transform method and the expectation maximization method. The most appropriate evaluation method is intended to be selected by the analyst and stated clearly in the report. While the Guinier approximation only provides an estimate for the mean particle diameter, the other methods also give insight in the particle size distribution.

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This document describes the specifications for spherical polydisperse particulate reference materials with acceptable uncertainty in particle size distribution and describes protocols for their characterization. One potential use of these reference materials is the reliability test of the laser-diffraction instruments and other particle sizing methods. This document expresses polydispersity and the related uncertainties in size. Small variations in size can imply large variations in cumulative distribution. This document describes the requirements of particulate reference materials, which are intended to be used to test the reliability of various types of particle size measurement apparatus. The requirements for processing, homogeneity and stability assessment as well as for the preparation of certificates, which are not addressed in this document are described in ISO 17034.

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This document specifies the characteristics of probes used for non-destructive ultrasonic testing in the following categories with centre frequencies in the range of 0,5 MHz to 15 MHz, focusing or without focusing means: a) single- or dual-transducer contact probes generating longitudinal and/or transverse waves; b) single-transducer immersion probes. Where material-dependent ultrasonic values are specified in this document they are based on steels having a sound velocity of (5 920 ± 50) m/s for longitudinal waves, and (3 255 ± 30) m/s for transverse waves. This document excludes periodic tests for probes. Routine tests for the verification of probes using on-site procedures are given in ISO 22232-3. If parameters in addition to those specified in ISO 22232-3 are to be verified during the probe's life time, as agreed upon by the contracting parties, the procedures of verification for these additional parameters can be selected from those given in this document. This document also excludes ultrasonic phased array probes, therefore see ISO 18563-2.

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This part of IEC 60068 specifies a uniform and reproducible method of confirming that
temperature test chambers conform to the requirements specified in the climatic test procedures
of IEC 60068-2-1 and IEC 60068-2-2, when loaded with either heat-dissipating or non heatdissipating
specimens under conditions which take into account air circulation inside the
working space of the chamber. This document is intended primarily for users when conducting
regular chamber performance monitoring.

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