This document specifies methods for routine verification of the performance of acoustic emission (AE) equipment comprising one or more sensing channels. It is intended for use by operators of the equipment under laboratory conditions. Verification of the measurement characteristics is advised after purchase of equipment, in order to obtain reference data for later verifications. Verification is also advised after repair, modifications, use under extraordinary conditions, or if one suspects a malfunction. The procedures described in this document do not exclude other qualified methods, e.g. verification in the frequency domain. These procedures apply in general unless the manufacturer specifies alternative equivalent procedures. Safety aspects of equipment for use in potentially explosive zones are not considered in this document.

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This document specifies the application of the time-of-flight diffraction (TOFD) technique in testing of metals for quantifying loss of thickness due to erosion and/or corrosion.
This document applies to all types of corrosion or erosion damage, particularly those defined in ISO 16809.
This test applies to unalloyed or low-alloyed steel materials.
It applies to components with a nominal thickness ≥ 6 mm. For smaller thicknesses feasibility tests will be performed to validate the technique.
For other materials, feasibility tests are essential too.
The TOFD technique can be used here as a stand-alone technique or in combination with other non-destructive testing techniques, during manufacturing and for testing in-service, in order to detect material loss caused by erosion and/or corrosion.
This technique is based on analysis of TOFD images established using reflected and/or diffracted ultrasonic signals.
This document does not specify acceptance levels.

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2017-10-06 SW: See 41_x_or for Annex ZZ, ZA and common mods provided.

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1 Scope and object
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows:
1.1.1 Equipment included in scope
Replacement:
Replace the text, except the first paragraph, with the following new text:
This part of IEC 61010 is applicable to electrically operated laboratory equipment and its
accessories for mechanical mixing and stirring, where mechanical energy influences the
shape or size or homogeneity of materials and their accessories. Such devices can contain
heating elements.
NOTE If all or part of the equipment falls within the scope of one or more other Part 2 standards of the IEC 61010
series as well as within the scope of this document, consideration is given to those other Part 2 standards. The
standard for equipment which contains heating devices is IEC 61010-2-010.

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2017-10-06 SW: See 41_x_or for Annex ZZ, ZA and common mods provided.

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2017-10-06 SW: See 41_x_or for Annex ZZ, ZA and common mods provided.

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This document establishes a generally applicable (i.e. not application specific) definition for dispersibility. It identifies significant characteristics for evaluating dispersibility and lists examples of methods used to characterize dispersibility in various applications. This document applies to processes that disperse powders into a liquid continuous phase while reducing the size of agglomerates or flocs down to the intended level, that homogenize an existing dispersed solid phase of a suspension or the mixture of two suspensions, or that exchange the original continuous phase in a suspension for another. Specific methods to disperse particles and to characterize the state of dispersion and/or homogeneity are only referenced, if necessary, for context. This document is applicable to nano- and micro-sized particles across a range of product applications.

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The present document specifies test methods and severities for verification of the required resistibility of equipment
according to the relevant environmental class.
The tests defined in the present document apply to the use of equipment installed permanently or temporarily in ground
vehicles and cover the vehicles and the environmental conditions stated in ETSI EN 300 019-1-5 [1].
The tests cover installations in vehicles powered by electric motors and combustion engines. Applications in
combustion engine compartments are excluded.

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It has the status of a horizontal standard in accordance with IEC Guide 108.

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This document specifies two separate methods for determining the resistance of a material to wet and
dry abrasion.
It is applicable to the coated surface or surfaces of coated fabrics.
It does not apply to determining the abrasion behaviour of an uncoated surface of a coated fabric, for
which the methods for uncoated textiles described in the ISO 12947 series apply.

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This standard specifies NDI requirements for flight parts, components and structures used for space missions. It covers the NDI methods and stipulates the certification levels for personnel. The qualification of such processes are also specified for non-standard NDI techniques or where complex components are concerned. This standard also identifies the best practice across the large range of international and national standards.
Visual inspection included in this standard is not intended to include incoming inspection of, for example, raw materials, damage during transport, storage and handling and parts procurement verification.
The minimum requirements for NDI documentation are specified in the DRDs of the Annexes.
This standard does not cover the acceptance criteria of components, structures and parts submitted to this examination; it is expected that these criteria are identified on specific program application documentation.
This Standard does not apply to EEE components.
This standard may be tailored for the specific characteristic and constrains of a space project in conformance with ECSS-S-ST-00.

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In addition to the scope of IEC 61326-1, this part of IEC 61326 specifies more detailed test
configurations, operational conditions and performance criteria for equipment with test and
measurement circuits (internal or, external to the equipment, or both) that are not EMC
protected for operational and/or functional reasons, as specified by the manufacturer.
The manufacturer specifies the environment for which the product is intended to be used and
selects the appropriate test level specifications of IEC 61326-1:2020.
NOTE Examples of equipment include, but are not limited to, oscilloscopes, logic analysers, spectrum analysers,
network analysers, analogue instruments, digital multimeters (DMM) and board test systems.

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In addition to the scope of IEC 61326-1, this part of IEC 61326 specifies more detailed test
configurations, operational conditions and performance criteria for equipment covered by
Annex A of IEC 61326-1:2020 which is:
– used for testing, measuring or monitoring of protective measures in low-voltage
distribution systems, and;
– powered by battery and/or from the circuit measured, and
– portable.
Examples of such EUTs include, but are not limited to, voltage detectors, insulation testers,
earth continuity testers, earth resistance testers, leakage current clamps, loop impedance
testers, “residual-current-device-testers” (RCD-testers) and phase sequence testers as
defined in IEC 61557 (all parts).
NOTE Particular EMC requirements for equipment covered by IEC 61557-8 and IEC 61557-9 are given in
IEC 61326-2-4.
The manufacturer specifies the environment for which the product is intended to be used
and/or selects the appropriate test level specifications of IEC 61326-1.

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In addition to the requirements of IEC 61326-1, this part of IEC 61326 specifies more detailed
test configurations, operational conditions and performance criteria for transducers with
integrated or remote signal conditioning.
This document applies only to transducers characterized by their ability to transform, with the
aid of an auxiliary energy source, a non-electric quantity to a process-relevant electrical signal,
and to output the signal at one or more PORTS. This document includes transducers for electrochemical
and biological measured quantities.
The transducers covered by this document can be powered by AC or DC voltage and/or by
battery or with internal power supply.
Transducers referred to by this document comprise at least the following items (see Figure 101
and Figure 102):
– one or more elements for transforming a non-electrical input quantity to an electrical
quantity;
– a TRANSMISSION LINK for transferral of the electrical quantity to a component for signal
conditioning;
– a unit for signal conditioning that converts the electrical quantity to a process-relevant
electrical signal;
– an enclosure for enclosing the above-stated components fully or in parts.
Transducers referred to by this document can also have the following items (see Figure 101
and Figure 102):
– a communication and control unit;
– a display unit;
– control elements such as keys, buttons, switches, etc.;
– transducer output signals (for example, switch outputs, alarm outputs) which are clearly
assigned to the input signal(s);
– transducers with signal conditioning which may be integrated or remote.
The manufacturer specifies the environment for which the product is intended to be used and
utilizes the corresponding test levels of IEC 61326-1.
Additional requirements and exceptions for specific types of transducers are given in Annex AA,
Annex BB and Annex CC to this document.

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In addition to IEC 61326-1, this part of IEC 61326 specifies more detailed test configurations,
operational conditions and performance criteria than IEC 61326-1 for equipment for
– insulation monitoring according to IEC 61557-8;
– insulation fault location according to IEC 61557-9.
This applies to insulation monitoring devices and for equipment for insulation fault location
systems permanently or semi-permanently connected to the distribution system.

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This part of ISO 3452 specifies the technical requirements and test procedures for penetrant materials for their type testing and batch testing. It also details on-site control tests and methods.

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This part of IEC 61326 specifies requirements for immunity and emissions regarding electromagnetic
compatibility (EMC) for electrical equipment, operating from a supply or battery of
less than 1 000 V AC or 1 500 V DC or from the circuit being measured. Equipment intended
for professional, industrial-process, industrial-manufacturing and educational use is covered
by this part. It includes equipment and computing devices for
– measurement and test;
– control;
– LABORATORY use;
– accessories intended for use with the above (such as sample handling equipment),
intended to be used in industrial and non-industrial locations.
Computing devices and assemblies and similar equipment within the scope of information
technology equipment (ITE) and complying with applicable ITE EMC standards can be used in
systems within the scope of this part of IEC 61326 without additional testing, if they are
suitable for the intended electromagnetic environment.
It is generally considered that this product family standard takes precedence over the
corresponding generic EMC standards.
The following equipment is covered by this document.
a) Electrical measurement and test equipment
This is equipment which, by electrical means, measures, indicates or records one or more
electrical or non-electrical quantities, also non-measuring equipment such as signal
generators, measurement standards, power supplies and transducers.
b) Electrical control equipment
This is equipment which controls one or more output quantities to specific values, with
each value determined by manual settings, by local or remote programming, or by one or
more input variables. This includes industrial process measurement and control (IPMC)
equipment, which consists of devices such as:
– process controllers and regulators;
– programmable controllers;
– power supply units for equipment and systems (centralized or dedicated);
– analogue/digital indicators and recorders;
– process instrumentation;
– transducers, positioners, intelligent actuators, etc.
c) Electrical LABORATORY equipment, including In Vitro Diagnostic (IVD) medical equipment
This is equipment used to prepare or analyse materials, or measure, indicate or monitor
physical quantities. This equipment might also be used in areas other than laboratories.
d) Equipment a), b) or c) as above when being equipped with components having radio
functionality, for example for wireless communication.
Equipment within the scope of this document might be operated in different electromagnetic
environments; depending on the electromagnetic environment different emission and immunity
test requirements are applicable.
This document considers three types of electromagnetic environments:
• BASIC ELECTROMAGNETIC ENVIRONMENT;
• INDUSTRIAL ELECTROMAGNETIC ENVIRONMENT;
• CONTROLLED ELECTROMAGNETIC ENVIRONMENT.
Corresponding immunity test requirements are described in Clause 6.
In terms of emission requirements, equipment shall be classified in Class A or Class B
equipment, as per the requirements and procedure of CISPR 11. The corresponding emission
requirements are described in Clause 7.
The specified emission and immunity requirements aim at achieving electromagnetic
compatibility between equipment covered in this document and other equipment that might
operate at locations with electromagnetic environments considered in this document.
Guidance for an assessment concerning the risk for achieving EMC is given in Annex B.

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In addition to the requirements of IEC 61326-1, this part of IEC 61326 treats the particular
features for EMC testing of field devices with field bus interfaces. This part of IEC 61326 covers
only the field bus interface of the equipment.
NOTE The other functions of the equipment remain covered by other parts of IEC 61326 series.
This part refers only to field devices intended for use in process control and process measuring.
In this document, field devices with interfaces according to IEC 61784-1:2019, CP 3/2 and
CP 1/1 as defined in IEC 61784 are covered. Other field bus interfaces may be included in
future editions of this document.
IEC 61784-1:2019 specifies a set of protocol specific communication profiles based on
IEC 61158.
The manufacturer specifies the environment for which the product is intended to be used and/or
selects the appropriate test level specifications of IEC 61326-1.

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This standard defines a method of penetrant testing used to detect discontinuities, e.g. cracks, laps, folds, porosity and lack of fusion, which are open to the surface of the material to be tested. It is mainly applied to metallic materials, but can also be performed on other materials, provided that they are inert to the test media and they are not excessively porous, examples of which are castings, forgings, welds, ceramics, etc.
This standard is not intended to be used for acceptance criteria and gives no information relating to the suitability of individual test systems for specific applications nor requirements for test equipment.
The term 'discontinuity' is used here in the sense that no evaluation concerning acceptability or non-acceptability is included.
Methods for determining and monitoring the essential properties of penetrant testing products to be used are specified in ISO 3452-2 and ISO 3452-3.

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In addition to the scope of IEC 61326-1, this part of IEC 61326 specifies minimum
requirements for immunity and emissions regarding electromagnetic compatibility for IN VITRO
DIAGNOSTIC (IVD) MEDICAL EQUIPMENT, taking into account the particularities and specific
aspects of this electrical equipment and their electromagnetic environment.

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This document specifies a method for determining the rebound number of an area of hardened concrete using a spring-driven hammer.
NOTE 1   The rebound number determined by this method can be used to assess the uniformity of concrete in situ, to delineate zones or areas of poor quality or deteriorated concrete in structures.
NOTE 2   The test method is not intended as an alternative for the compressive strength determination of concrete (EN 12390-3), but with suitable correlation, it can provide an estimate of in situ compressive strength. For the assessment of in-situ compressive strength, see EN 13791.
NOTE 3   The hammer can be used for comparative testing, referenced against a concrete with known strength or against a concrete which has been shown that it has come from a defined volume of concrete with a population verified as conforming to a particular strength class.

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The present document contains requirements and measurements methods for the physical interface "A3" that is situated
between the power supply system(s) and the power consuming ICT equipment:
• the nominal voltage at power interface "A3" of ICT equipment defined in the present document is DC voltage up
to 400 V;
• the output performance of the power equipment including the cable network at the interface "A3";
• the input of the ICT equipment connected to interface "A3".
The DC power can be supplied by a DC output power system e.g. via on-grid AC rectifiers, from DC/DC converters in
solar systems, fuel cells, standby generators including a battery backup.
The present document aims at providing compatibility at interface "A3" between the power supply equipment and different
ICT equipment (including/monitoring, cooling system, etc.) connected to the same power supply.
The requirements are defined for the purpose of the present document:
• to identify a power supply system with the same characteristics for all ICT equipment defined in the area of
application; the area of application may be any location where the interface "A3" is used i.e.
telecommunication centres, Radio Base Stations, datacentres and customer premises;
• to facilitate interworking of different loads;
• to facilitate the standardization of power supply systems for ICT equipment;
• to facilitate the installation, operation and maintenance in the same network of ICT equipment and systems
from different origins;
• to secure robustness against temporary voltage deviations and transients during abnormal conditions.
General requirements for safety and EMC are out of the scope of the present document series unless specific
requirement not defined in existing safety or EMC standards.

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The present document specifies methods of measurement of electrical power consumption in networked standby and the
reporting of the results for network interconnecting equipment.
Example of interconnecting equipment are in Annex B.
Power consumption in standby (other than networked standby) is covered by EN 50564 [1], including the input voltage
range.
The present document also provides a method to test power management and whether it is possible to deactivate
wireless network connection(s).
The present document applies to electrical products with a rated input voltage of 230 V a.c. for single phase products
and 400 V a.c. for three phase products.
The present document is produced under the mandate M/544 and can be used to demonstrate compliance to the EU
Regulation (EC) No 1275/2008 [i.1] amended by Regulation (EU) 801/2013 [i.2].
The present document does not apply to televisions as defined in Regulation (EC) No 642/2009 [i.10].
NOTE 1: The EU regulation 801/2013 [i.2] applies to equipment designed for use with a nominal voltage rating of
250 V and below.
NOTE 2: EU regulation 801/2013 [i.2] does not apply to electrical and electronic household and office equipment
placed on the market with a low voltage external power supply to work as intended.
NOTE 3: "Low voltage external power supply" is the definition provided in EU regulation 278/2009 [i.3].
NOTE 4: The measurement of energy consumption and performance of equipment during intended use are
generally specified in product standards and are not covered by the present document.
NOTE 5: Where the present document is referenced by more specific standards or procedures, these should define
and name the relevant conditions to which this test procedure is applied.
1.2 Equipment not in the scope of the present document
The present document does not apply to the measurement of electrical power consumption in networked standby for
edge equipment. The edge equipment is a networked equipment that can be connected to a network and interact with
that network or other devices and that does not have, as its primary function, the passing of network traffic to provide a
network. Edge equipment are covered in EN 50643 [i.8].

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EN-IEC 61010-2-130 specifies particular safety requirements for the following types of equipment a), b) or c) and their accessories intended to be used in  educational establishments by children under the supervision of the  RESPONSIBLE BODY. It specifies general safety requirements for equipment  intended to be used in educational establishments by persons between the age of 3 years and the age of 16 years under the supervision of a RESPONSIBLE BODY.Children are considered as persons between the age of 3 years and 16  years.It is recognized that pupils with additional educational or physical support  needs may have needs beyond the level addressed in this document (see Clause  17 risk assessment).It is possible that all or part of the equipment falls within the  scope of one or more IEC 61010 Part 2 standards as well as within the scope of  this document. In that case the requirements of those other Part 2 standards apply.

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EN-IEC 61010-2-091 specifies particular safety requirements for cabinet X-ray systems, which fall under any of categories a), b) or c) below. Equipment covered by this document can be both PROTECTED EQUIPMENT or PARTIALLY PROTECTED EQUIPMENT, with X-ray generator voltage up to 500 kV. A cabinet X-ray system is a system that contains an X-ray tube installed in a cabinet, which, independently of existing architectural structures except the floor on which it may be placed, is intended to contain at least that portion of a material being irradiated, provide radiation attenuation and prevent operator access to the radiation beam, during generation of X-radiation. These cabinet X-ray systems are used in industrial, commercial, and public environments, for example, to inspect materials, to analyse materials, and to screen baggage.

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IEC 60068-2-21:2021 is applicable to all electrical and electronic components whose terminations or integral mounting devices are liable to be submitted to stresses during normal assembly or handling operations and is also applicable to surface mount devices (SMDs).
This seventh edition cancels and replaces the sixth edition, published in 2006, and IEC 60068‑2‑77:1999. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:  
integration of parts of IEC 60068-2-77 (see Annex X); IEC 60068-2-77 is withdrawn with the publication of this document;
Annex X is added to show the correlation of the clauses and subclauses in this edition of IEC 60068-2-21 with the clauses in IEC 60068-2-21:2006 and IEC 60068-2-77:1999.

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IEC 62056-3-1:2021 is available as IEC 62056-3-1:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 62056-3-1:2021 describes two sets of profiles: the first set of profiles allows a bidirectional communication between a client and a server. This set of profiles is made of three profiles allowing local bus data exchange with stations either energized or not. For non-energized stations, the bus supplies energy for data exchange. Three different profiles are supported:
• base profile: this three-layer profile provides remote communication services;
NOTE 1 This first profile was published in IEC 61142:1993 and became known as the Euridis standard.
• profile with DLMS: this profile allows using DLMS services as specified in IEC 61334 4 41;
NOTE 2 This second profile was published in IEC 62056-31:1999.
• profile with DLMS/COSEM: this profile allows using the DLMS/COSEM Application layer and the COSEM object model as specified in IEC 62056 5 3 and in IEC 62056 6 2 respectively.
The three profiles use the same physical layer and they are fully compatible, meaning that devices implementing any of these profiles can be operated on the same bus. The transmission medium is twisted pair using carrier signalling and it is known as the Euridis Bus.
The second set of profiles allows unidirectional communication between a given Energy Metering device and a Customer Energy Management System. This second set is made up of three profiles.
Subclause 4.2.1 to Clause 8 included specify the bidirectional communication using twisted pair signalling and Clause 9 to 9.5 the unidirectional communication using twisted pair signalling.
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC 62056-3-1, issued in 2013, and constitutes a technical revision.
The main technical changes with regard to the previous edition are as follows:
• addition of a profile which makes use of the IEC 62056 DLMS/COSEM Application layer and COSEM object model;
• review of the data link layer which is split into two parts:
– a pure Data Link layer;
– a "Support Manager" entity managing the communication media;
• ability to negotiate the communication speed, bringing baud rate up to 9 600 bauds.

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This document describes a non-destructive method to verify (confirm) the precious metal fineness of finished and semifinished jewellery item(s) considered homogeneous by ED-XRF (energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence), including alloys according to ISOÂ 9202. This document is not suitable for any coated items. WD-XRF (wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence) equipment cannot be used.

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This part of IEC 60068 outlines Tests Ta and Tb, applicable to devices with leads and leads
themselves. Soldering tests for surface mounting devices (SMD) are described in
IEC 60068‑2‑58.
This document provides procedures for determining the solderability and resistance to soldering
heat of devices in applications using solder alloys, which are eutectic or near eutectic tin lead
(Pb), or lead-free alloys.
The procedures in this document include the solder bath method and soldering iron method.
The objective of this document is to ensure that component lead or termination solderability
meets the applicable solder joint requirements of IEC 61191-3 and IEC 61191-4. In addition,
test methods are provided to ensure that the component body can be resistant to the heat load
to which it is exposed during soldering.
NOTE Information about wetting time and wetting force can be obtained by test methods using a wetting balance.
IEC 60068-2-69 (solder bath and solder globule method) can be consulted.

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IEC TS 60695-5-2:2021 is available as IEC TS 60695-5-2:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC TS 60695-5-2:2021 gives a summary of the test methods that are used in the assessment of the corrosivity of fire effluent. It presents a brief summary of test methods in common use, either as international standards or national or industry standards. It includes special observations on their relevance, for electrotechnical products and their materials, to real fire scenarios and gives recommendations on their use.
One of the responsibilities of a technical committee is, wherever applicable, to make use of basic safety publications in the preparation of its publications. The requirements, test methods or test conditions of this publication will not apply unless specifically referred to or included in the relevant publications.
This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2002.
The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below:
– References to IEC TS 60695-5-3 (withdrawn in 2014) have been removed.
– ISO/TR 9122-1 has been revised by ISO 19706.
– References to ISO 11907-2 and ISO 11907-3 have been removed.
– Terms and definitions have been updated.
– Text in 5.4 has been updated.
– Text in 5.5.8 (5.7.8 in Ed. 2) has been updated.
– Text in Clause 6 (7 in Ed. 2) has been updated.
– Bibliographic references have been updated.
It has the status of a basic safety publication in accordance with IEC Guide 104 and ISO/IEC Guide 51.
This technical specification is to be read in conjunction with IEC 60695-5-1.

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1   Scope and object
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows:
1.1.1 Equipment included in scope
Replacement:
Replace the text with the following:
This group safety publication is primarily intended to be used as a product safety standard for the products mentioned in the scope, but shall also be used by technical committees in the preparation of their publications for products similar to those mentioned in the scope of this standard, in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and lSO/lEC Guide 51.
This part of IEC 61010 specifies safety requirements for equipment having testing or measuring circuits which are connected for test or measurement purposes to devices or circuits outside the measurement equipment itself.
These include measuring circuits which are part of electrical test and measurement equipment, laboratory equipment, or process control equipment. The existence of these circuits in equipment requires additional protective means between the circuit and an OPERATOR.
NOTE These testing and measuring circuits can, for example:
–   measure voltages in circuits of other equipment,
–   measure temperature of a separate device via a thermocouple,
–   measure force on a separate device via a strain gauge,
–   inject a voltage onto a circuit to analyse a new design.
Equipment having these testing and measuring circuits may be intended for performing tests and measurements on hazardous conductors, including MAINS conductors and telecommunication network conductors. See Annex BB for considerations of HAZARDS involved in various tests and measurements.

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1 Scope and object
This clause of Part 1 is applicable, except as follows:
1.1 Scope
1.1.1 Equipment included in scope
Deletion:
Delete the first paragraph.
Replacement:
Replace the second paragraph (above items a) to c)) with the following new text:
This part of IEC 61010 specifies particular safety requirements for cabinet X-ray systems, which
fall under any of categories a), b) or c) below.
Addition:
Add the two following new paragraphs at the end of the subclause:
Equipment covered by this document can be both PROTECTED EQUIPMENT or PARTIALLY
PROTECTED EQUIPMENT, with X-ray generator voltage up to 500 kV.
A cabinet X-ray system is a system that contains an X-ray tube installed in a cabinet, which,
independently of existing architectural structures except the floor on which it may be placed, is
intended to contain at least that portion of a material being irradiated, provide radiation
attenuation and prevent operator access to the radiation beam, during generation of X-radiation.
These cabinet X-ray systems are used in industrial, commercial, and public environments, for
example, to inspect materials, to analyse materials, and to screen baggage.
1.1.2 Equipment excluded from scope
Addition:
Add the following new items to the list:
aa) Equipment intended to apply X-radiation to humans or animals;
bb) Equipment incorporating an X-ray tube but not incorporating complete shielding against
X-radiation HAZARDS, such as:
– equipment intended to be used within a shielded room which excludes personnel during
operation;
– equipment intended to be used with separate portable or temporary shielding;
– equipment intended to produce an emerging beam of X-radiation.
1.2 Object
1.2.1 Aspects included in scope
Addition:
Add the following new text to the end of the first paragraph:
This part of IEC 61010 specifies requirements for the design and methods of construction of
cabinet X-ray systems to provide adequate protection for OPERATORS, bystanders, trained
service personnel and the surrounding area against unintentionally-emitted X-radiation and from
mechanical HAZARDS related to their conveyors.

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This group safety publication is primarily intended to be used as a product safety standard for
the products mentioned in the scope, but shall also be used by technical committees in the
preparation of their publications for products similar to those mentioned in the scope of this
standard, in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and
lSO/lEC Guide 51.
This part of IEC 61010 specifies safety requirements for equipment having testing or
measuring circuits which are connected for test or measurement purposes to devices or
circuits outside the measurement equipment itself.
These include measuring circuits which are part of electrical test and measurement
equipment, laboratory equipment, or process control equipment. The existence of these
circuits in equipment requires additional protective means between the circuit and an
OPERATOR.
NOTE These testing and measuring circuits can, for example:
– measure voltages in circuits of other equipment,
– measure temperature of a separate device via a thermocouple,
– measure force on a separate device via a strain gauge,
– inject a voltage onto a circuit to analyse a new design.
Equipment having these testing and measuring circuits may be intended for performing tests
and measurements on hazardous conductors, including MAINS conductors and
telecommunication network conductors. See Annex BB for considerations of HAZARDS involved
in various tests and measurements.

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This group safety publication is primarily intended to be used as a product safety standard for
the products mentioned in the scope, but shall also be used by technical committees in the
preparation of their publications for products similar to those mentioned in the scope of this
standard, in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and lSO/lEC Guide 51.
This part of IEC 61010 specifies safety requirements for measurement equipment for
insulation resistance and test equipment for electric strength with an output voltage exceeding
50 V a.c. or 120 V d.c.
This document also applies to combined measuring equipment which has an insulation
resistance measurement function or an electric strength test measurement function.

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1   Scope and object
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows:
1.1.1 Equipment included in scope
Replacement:
Replace the text with the following:
This group safety publication is primarily intended to be used as a product safety standard for the products mentioned in the scope, but shall also be used by technical committees in the preparation of their publications for products similar to those mentioned in the scope of this standard, in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and lSO/lEC Guide 51.
This part of IEC 61010 specifies safety requirements for measurement equipment for insulation resistance and test equipment for electric strength with an output voltage exceeding 50 V a.c. or 120 V d.c..
This part also applies to combined measuring equipment which has an insulation resistance measurement function or an electric strength test measurement function.

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This document specifies the technical requirements and test procedures for penetrant materials for their type testing and batch testing. This document covers the temperature range from 10 °C to 50 °C. Additional tests in ISO 3452-5 or ISO 3452-6 can be required outside this range. On-site control tests and methods are detailed in ISO 3452‑1.

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This document specifies a method of penetrant testing used to detect discontinuities, e.g. cracks, laps, folds, porosity and lack of fusion, which are open to the surface of the material to be tested using white light or UV-A (365Â nm) radiation. It is mainly applied to metallic materials, but can also be performed on other materials, provided that they are inert to the test media and not excessively porous (castings, forgings, welds, ceramics, etc.) This document also includes requirements for process and control testing, but is not intended to be used for acceptance criteria. It gives neither information relating to the suitability of individual test systems for specific applications nor requirements for test equipment. NOTEÂ 1Â Â Methods for determining and monitoring the essential properties of penetrant testing products to be used are specified in ISO 3452-2 and ISO 3452-3. NOTEÂ 2Â Â The term "discontinuity" is used in this document in the sense that no evaluation concerning acceptability or non-acceptability is included. NOTEÂ 3Â Â CEN/TR 16638 addresses penetrant testing using actinic blue light.

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This part of IEC 60068 specifies a composite test procedure, primarily intended for component
type specimens, to determine, in an accelerated manner, the resistance of specimens to the
deteriorative effects of high temperature/humidity and cold conditions.
This test standard does not apply to specimens that are energized during the complete test.
Specimens can be energized during the constant phases of the tests. Measurements on
energized specimens are typically carried out during constant phases of the test unless
specified otherwise.

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This document specifies a method for the measurement of effective focal spot dimensions above 0,1 mm of X-ray systems up to and including 1000 kV tube voltage by means of the pinhole camera method with digital evaluation. The tube voltage applied for this measurement is restricted to 200 kV for visual film evaluation.
The imaging quality and the resolution of X-ray images depend highly on the characteristics of the effective focal spot, in particular the size and the two dimensional intensity distribution as seen from the detector plane.
This test method provides instructions for determining the effective size (dimensions) of standard (macro focal spots) and mini focal spots of industrial X-ray tubes. This determination is based on the measurement of an image of a focal spot that has been radiographically recorded with a "pinhole" technique and evaluated with a digital method.
For the characterization of commercial X-ray tube types (i.e. for advertising or trade) it is advised that the specific FS values of Annex A are used.

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This part of IEC 60068 specifies methods of test applicable to specimens which, during
transportation, storage or in service, can be subjected to low air pressure.
The object of the low air pressure test is to determine the ability of components, equipment or
other articles to be used, transported or stored at low air pressure.
Components, equipment or other articles to be used, transported or stored under a
simultaneous combination of high or low temperature and low air pressure, where the
combination is important for the stresses imposed on the articles or for the failure mechanisms,
are then tested in accordance with IEC 60068-2-39.

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This part of IEC 60068 specifies a test method for assessing the corrosion resistance of
electrotechnical products components, equipment and materials in a salt mist environment. Its
objective is to verify that the comparative quality of a metallic material, with or without
corrosion protection, is maintained when exposed to salt mist.
This test method is useful for evaluating the quality and the uniformity of coatings applied to
protect metals against corrosion. It is particularly useful for detecting discontinuities, such as
pores and other defects, in certain metallic, organic, anodic oxide and conversion coatings.

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The present document is aimed at defining the topology and level of analysis to assess the energy efficiency of mobile
networks. Within the scope of the present document there is the radio access part of the mobile networks, and namely
there are radio base stations, backhauling systems, radio controllers and other infrastructure radio site equipment. The
covered technologies are GSM, UMTS, LTE and 5G New Radio (NR). In particular the present document defines
metrics for mobile network energy efficiency and methods for assessing (and measuring) energy efficiency in
operational networks. The purpose of the present document is to allow better comprehension of networks energy
efficiency, in particular considering the networks' evolution in different periods in time.
Aiming to consider also the slicing approach of the networks from 5G onwards the metrics are extended to the latency
of the network itself related to the energy consumed, additionally to the metrics based on traffic and on coverage,
already existing for legacy networks and still valid.
The present document deals with both a homogeneous and heterogeneous "network" considering a network whose size
and scale could be defined by topologic, geographic or demographic boundaries. For networks defined by topologic
boundaries, a possible example of a network covered by the present document consists of a control node (whenever
applicable), its supported access nodes as well as the related network elements. Networks could be defined by
geographic boundaries, such as city-wide, national or continental networks and could be defined by demographic
boundaries, such as urban or rural networks.
The present document applies to the so-called "partial" networks for which a measurement method is also
recommended. The specification extends the measurements in partial networks to wider so-called "total" networks
energy efficiency estimations (i.e. the network in a geographic area, the network in a whole country, the network of a
MNO, etc.).
Terminal (end-user) equipment is outside the scope of the present document and is not considered in the energy
efficiency measurement.

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The present document defines power feeding solutions for 5G, converged wireless and wireline access equipment and
network, taking into consideration their enhanced requirements on service availability and reliability, the new
deployment scenarios, together with the environmental impact of the proposed solutions.
The minimum requirements of different solutions including power feeding structures, components, backup, safety
requirements, environmental conditions are also defined.
The present document is applicable to powering of both mobile and fixed access network elements, in particular on
equipment that have similar configurations and needs.
The future development of 5G networks will create a new scenario in which the density of radio cells will increase
considerably, together with the increase of wireline network equipment that are going to be installed in the vicinity to
the users, thereby creating the need to define new solutions for powering that will be environmentally friendly,
sustainable, dependable, smart and visible remotely.
The -48 V DC, up to 400 V DC local and remote power solutions defined respectively in ETSI EN 300 132-2 [2],
ETSI EN 302 099 [i.10] and ETSI EN 300 132-3-1 [3] or Recommendation ITU-T L.1200 [i.13] will be considered as
the standards in force for power facilities, together with IEEE 802.3TM [i.18] (PoE).

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The present document version covers base stations with the following radio access technologies:
• GSM.
• WCDMA.
• LTE.
• NR.
The methodology described in the present document is to measure base station static power consumption and RF output
power. Within the present document it is referred to as static measurements.
The results based on "static" measurements provide power and energy consumption figures for BS under static load.
Energy consumption of terminal (end-user) equipment is outside the scope of the present document.
The scope of the present document is not to define target values for the BS power and energy consumption.
The results should only be used to assess and compare the power and energy consumption of complete base stations.
Wide Area Base Stations and Medium Range Base Stations (as defined in ETSI TS 125 104 [2], ETSI TS 136 104 [12],
and ETSI TS 138 104 [15]) are covered in the present document.

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IEC 60068-2-20:2021 is available as IEC 60068-2-20:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 60068-2-20:2021 outlines Tests Ta and Tb, applicable to devices with leads and leads themselves. Soldering tests for surface mounting devices (SMD) are described in IEC 60068-2-58. This document provides procedures for determining the solderability and resistance to soldering heat of devices in applications using solder alloys, which are eutectic or near eutectic tin lead (Pb), or lead-free alloys. The procedures in this document include the solder bath method and soldering iron method. The objective of this document is to ensure that component lead or termination solderability meets the applicable solder joint requirements of IEC 61191-3 and IEC 61191-4. In addition, test methods are provided to ensure that the component body can be resistant to the heat load to which it is exposed during soldering. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- update of and clarification of pre-conditioning (former "aging") and its relation to natural aging.

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IEC 60068-2-38:2021 is available as IEC 60068-2-38:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 60068-2-38:2021 specifies a composite test procedure, primarily intended for component type specimens, to determine, in an accelerated manner, the resistance of specimens to the deteriorative effects of high temperature/humidity and cold conditions. This test standard does not apply to specimens that are energized during the complete test. Specimens can be energized during the constant phases of the tests. Measurements on energized specimens are typically carried out during constant phases of the test unless specified otherwise. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition, published in 2009. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- the figures have been updated;
- changes to the wording has been made for clarification purposes.

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IEC 61083-3:2020 is applicable to digital recording instruments used for measurements during tests with high alternating and direct voltages and currents. It specifies the measuring characteristics and calibrations required to meet the measuring uncertainties and procedures specified in the relevant IEC standards (e.g. IEC 60060-1, IEC 60060-2, IEC 60060-3, IEC 62475, IEC 61180).
This document is applicable to those digital recording instruments that will be designed and type tested according to this document.
This document
• defines performance requirements for digital recording instruments used during tests with alternating voltages and currents (AC) or direct voltages and currents (DC);
• specifies the necessary requirements for such instruments to ensure their suitability for use under the relevant standards;
• establishes the tests and procedures necessary to demonstrate their compliance;
• defines the terms related to digital recording instruments with recording function and access to raw data.
Examples of relevant alternating and direct voltages and currents to be measured are listed in Annex D.
This International Standard has the status of a horizontal standard in accordance with IEC Guide 108.

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IEC 61010-2-130:2021 specifies particular safety requirements for the following types of equipment a), b) or c) and their accessories intended to be used in educational establishments by children under the supervision of the responsible body. It specifies general safety requirements for equipment intended to be used in educational establishments by persons between the age of 3 years and the age of 16 years under the supervision of a responsible body.
This first edition cancels and replaces IEC TS 62850, published in 2013.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to IEC TS 62850:
a) marking and documentation requirements;
b) stability and handling requirements.

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