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This document specifies general rules and provides technical information on stainless steels and their properties, which are relevant when using other parts of the ISO 3506 series. It includes specifications for corrosion-resistant stainless steels and nickel alloys, which are suitable for the manufacture of fasteners. It applies to austenitic, martensitic, ferritic and duplex (austenitic-ferritic) stainless steel grades and nickel alloys for fasteners, and is intended to be used together with the relevant parts of the ISO 3506 series. Common designations of stainless steels and nickel alloys used for fasteners are given in Annex A.

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This document specifies an inspection procedure to be used by the purchaser where no prior agreement exists. It also specifies a reference acceptance procedure for acceptance or rejection of an inspection lot, when no agreement can be reached between the purchaser and the supplier, or where conformance to specification is disputed. It applies to inspection lots of bolts, screws, studs, nuts, pins, washers, rivets and other related fasteners. This document applies to fasteners not intended for high volume machine assembly, special-purpose applications or specially engineered applications requiring more advanced in-process control and lot traceability. For in-process control or final inspection by the manufacture and sorting, see ISO 16426.

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This document specifies an inspection procedure to be used by the purchaser where no prior agreement exists.
It also specifies a reference acceptance procedure for acceptance or rejection of an inspection lot, when no agreement can be reached between the purchaser and the supplier, or where conformance to specification is disputed.
It applies to inspection lots of bolts, screws, studs, nuts, pins, washers, rivets and other related fasteners.
This document applies to fasteners not intended for high volume machine assembly, special-purpose applications or specially engineered applications requiring more advanced in-process control and lot traceability.
For in-process control or final inspection by the manufacture and sorting, see ISO 16426.

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This document specifies an inspection procedure to be used by the purchaser where no prior agreement exists. It also specifies a reference acceptance procedure for acceptance or rejection of an inspection lot, when no agreement can be reached between the purchaser and the supplier, or where conformance to specification is disputed. It applies to inspection lots of bolts, screws, studs, nuts, pins, washers, rivets and other related fasteners. This document applies to fasteners not intended for high volume machine assembly, special-purpose applications or specially engineered applications requiring more advanced in-process control and lot traceability. For in-process control or final inspection by the manufacture and sorting, see ISO 16426.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon washer head drilling screws with tapping screw threads, made of steel, with thread sizes ST2,9 to ST6,3, and with product grade A.

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This document presents the latest knowledge related to hydrogen embrittlement, translated into know-how in a manner that is complete yet simple, and directly applicable to steel fasteners.

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1.1   General
This Technical Report provides design rules for fasteners used to connect statically indeterminate non-structural light weight systems (e.g. suspended ceilings, pipe work, ducting) to concrete members such as walls or floors (see Figure 1)).
The proposed design model may be applied to post-installed mechanical and bonded anchors covered by EN 1992-4:2017, 1.2. Their suitability will be confirmed in a European Technical Product Specification.
The design rules assume the following:
-   under extreme conditions (e.g. large crack width) excessive slip or failure of a fastener might occur;
-   elements or systems are attached with at least three fixing points with one or more fasteners at each fixing point;
-   where more than one fastener is used at a fixing point (MF, see Figure 1), only fasteners of the same type, size and length are used;
-   the attached system is sufficiently stiff to transfer the load at any fixing point to adjacent fixing points without significantly impairing the performance characteristics of the system both at serviceability and ultimate limit states.
(...)
This Technical Report applies to non-structural applications in structures covered by EN 1992-1-1. In applications where special considerations apply, e.g. nuclear power plants or civil defence structures, modifications may be necessary.
This document does not cover the design of the fixture. The design of the fixture will be carried out to comply with the appropriate Standards.
1.2   Type of fasteners
Post-installed fasteners according to EN 1992-4.
1.3   Fastener dimensions and materials
EN 1992-4:2017, 1.3 applies with the following addition: In precast pre-stressed hollow core elements the minimum embedment depth may be reduced to a value to ensure proper functioning if placed in a flange (wall) of minimum thickness of 17 mm. In this case the minimum embedment depth and the admissible position of the fastener in the hollow core slab given in the relevant European Technical Product Specification will be observed (Figure 2).
(...)-
1.4   Fastener loading
Loading on the fastenings will only be quasi static. Fatigue, impact and seismic loads are not covered.
Any axial compression on the fixture will be transmitted to the concrete either without acting on the fastener or via fasteners suitable for resisting compression.
1.5   Concrete strength
EN 1992-4 applies.
1.6   Concrete member loading
EN 1992-4 applies. However, fatigue, impact and seismic loads are not covered.
1.7   Concrete member dimensions
The minimum thickness of members in which fasteners are installed is at least 80 mm unless otherwise specified in the European Technical Product Specification. For precast pre-stressed hollow core elements, the minimum wall thickness is 17 mm.

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EN 1992-4 covers anchor channels located in cracked or uncracked concrete subjected to tensile loads and/or shear loads transverse to the longitudinal channel axis as well as combinations of these loads. Shear loads acting in direction of the longitudinal axis of the channel and combinations of shear loads acting transverse and in direction of the longitudinal axis of the channel, combinations of tensile loads and shear loads acting in direction of the longitudinal axis of the channel and combinations of loads in all three directions are excluded.
This Technical Report provides design rules for anchor channels under static and quasi-static shear loads acting in direction of the longitudinal channel axis and all possible combinations of shear and tension loads acting on the channel as well as design rules for anchor channels with supplementary reinforcement to take up shear loads, additional and alternative to the provisions of EN 1992-4. All relevant failure modes are considered and will be verified. Fatigue, impact and seismic loads are not covered.
The design rules in this document are only valid for anchor channels with a European Technical Product Specification. The design provisions for shear loads acting in direction of the longitudinal axis of the channel cover the following anchor channels and applications:
-   Anchor channels with 2 or 3 anchors.
-   Anchor channels where the shear load in the longitudinal axis of the channel is transferred to the channel by corresponding locking channel bolts creating mechanical interlock by means of a notch in the channel lips or serrated channel bolts which interlock with serrated lips of the channel (Figure 1).
-   Anchor channels produced from steel with at least two metal anchors rigidly connected to the back of the channel (e.g. by welding, forging or screwing). The anchor channels are placed flush with the concrete surface. A fixture is connected to the anchor channel by channel bolts with nut and washer.
-   Anchor channels close to the edge placed either parallel or transverse to the edge of the concrete member. The design provisions for concrete edge failure do not cover channel orientations inclined to the concrete edge.
The design method for anchor channels loaded in shear in direction of the longitudinal axis of the channel follows closely the existing design model for headed fasteners. For reasons of simplicity modifications specific for anchor channels are used where necessary.
The design provisions for the supplementary reinforcement to take up shear loads in case of anchor channels situated parallel to the edge and loaded in shear transverse to the longitudinal axis apply to anchor channels with unlimited number of anchors.
Examples of anchor channels and channel bolts ensuring mechanical interlock are given in Figure 1.
(...)

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This Technical Report gives provisions for design of ultimate limit states in addition to EN 1992 4 for headed and post-installed fasteners excluding concrete screws, which only transmit static actions to the concrete, when the loads on individual fasteners are determined according to plastic analysis of the joint where only equilibrium conditions but no compatibility conditions are considered. Fatigue, impact and seismic loads are not covered.

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1.1   General
(1)   This EN provides a design method for fastenings (connection of structural elements and non-structural elements to structural components), which are used to transmit actions to the concrete.
Inserts embedded in precast concrete elements during production, under Factory Production Control (FPC) conditions and with the due reinforcement, intended for use only during transient situations for lifting and handling, are covered by the CEN/TR “Design and Use of Inserts for Lifting and Handling Precast Concrete Elements”, by CEN/TC 229.
(2)   This EN is intended for safety related applications in which the failure of fastenings will result in collapse or partial collapse of the structure, cause risk to human life or lead to significant economic loss.  In this context it also covers non-structural elements.
(3)   The support of the fixture may be either statically determinate or statically indeterminate. Each support may consist of one fastener or a group of fasteners.
(4)   This EN is valid for applications which fall within the scope of the series EN 1992. In applications where special considerations apply, e.g. nuclear power plants or civil defence structures, modifications may be necessary. The transmission of the fastener loads to the supports of the concrete member shall be shown for the ultimate limit state and the serviceability limit state according to EN 1992-1-1.
(5)   This EN does not cover the design of the fixture. The design of the fixture shall be carried out to comply with the appropriate Standards.
(6)   This document relies on characteristic resistances and distances which are stated in a European Technical Product Specification (see Annex E). At least the characteristics of Annex E, Table E.1 should be given in a European Technical Product Specification providing a basis for the design methods of this EN.
1.2   Type of fasteners and fastening groups
(1)   This EN uses the fastener design theory ) (Figure 1.1) and applies to:
a)   cast-in fasteners such as headed fasteners, anchor channels with rigid connection between anchor and channel;
b)   post-installed mechanical fasteners such as expansion anchors, undercut anchors and concrete screws;
c)   post-installed bonded anchors, bonded expansion anchors and bonded undercut anchors.
NOTE   Connections with post-installed ribbed reinforcing bars should be covered by a European Technical Product Specification and comply with the requirements of EN 1992-1-1.
(2)   For other types of fasteners modifications of the design provisions may be necessary.
(3)   This EN applies to fasteners with established suitability for the specified application in concrete covered by provisions, which refer to this EN and provide data required by this EN. The suitability of the fastener is stated in the relevant European Technical Product Specification.
(...)
(4)   This EN applies to single fasteners and groups of fasteners. In a fastening group the loads are applied to the individual fasteners of the group by means of a common fixture. In this EN it is assumed that in a fastener group only fasteners of the same type and size are used.
The configurations of fastenings with cast-in place headed fasteners and post-installed fasteners covered by this EN are shown in Figure 1.2.
For anchor channels the number of fasteners is not limited.
(...)
NOTE   Configuration with three fasteners is not recommended close to an edge (ci < 100mm) as there are no safe design models for shear loads.
1.3   Fastener dimensions and materials
(1)   This EN applies to fasteners with a minimum diameter or a minimum thread size of 6 mm (M6) or a corresponding cross section. In general, the effective embedment depth should be: hef  40 mm. The actual value for a particular fastener shall be taken from the relevant European Technical Product Specification. In case of post-installed chemical fasteners the effective embedment depth is limited to hef  20dnom. (....)

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This document specifies requirements for non-electrolytically applied zinc flake coating systems for
steel fasteners. It is applicable to coatings:
— with or without hexavalent chromium;
— with or without top coat;
— with or without lubricant (integral lubricant and/or subsequently added lubricant).
It is applicable to bolts, screws, studs and nuts with ISO metric thread, to fasteners with non-ISO metric
thread, and to non-threaded fasteners such as washers, pins, clips, etc.
This document does not specify requirements for such fastener properties as weldability or paintability.
It is not applicable to mechanically applied zinc coatings.
NOTE Coatings in accordance with this document are especially used for high strength fasteners
(≥ 1 000 MPa) to avoid risk of internal hydrogen embrittlement (IHE — see 4.4).
Information for design and assembly of coated fasteners is given in Annex A.

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This document specifies requirements for electroplated coatings and coating systems on steel
fasteners. The requirements related to dimensional properties also apply to fasteners made of copper
or copper alloys.
It also specifies requirements and gives recommendations to minimize the risk of hydrogen
embrittlement; see 4.4 and Annex B.
It mainly applies to zinc and zinc alloy coating systems (zinc, zinc-nickel, zinc-iron) and cadmium,
primarily intended for corrosion protection and other functional properties:
— with or without conversion coating;
— with or without sealant;
— with or without top coat;
— with or without lubricant (integral lubricant and/or subsequently added lubricant).
Specifications for other electroplated coatings and coating systems (tin, tin-zinc, copper-tin, coppersilver,
copper, silver, copper-zinc, nickel, nickel-chromium, copper-nickel, copper-nickel-chromium)
are included in this document only for dimensional requirements related to fasteners with ISO metric
threads.
This document applies to bolts, screws, studs and nuts with ISO metric thread, to fasteners with non-
ISO metric thread, and to non-threaded fasteners such as washers, pins, clips and rivets.
Information for design and assembly of coated fasteners is given in Annex A.
This document does not specify requirements for properties such as weldability or paintability.
NOTE Other International Standards specify differing electroplating processes. For electroplating of
fasteners, the requirements of this document apply, unless otherwise agreed.

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1.1   General
This Technical Report provides design rules for fasteners used to connect statically indeterminate non-structural light weight systems (e.g. suspended ceilings, pipe work, ducting) to concrete members such as walls or floors (see Figure 1)).
The proposed design model may be applied to post-installed mechanical and bonded anchors covered by EN 1992-4:2017, 1.2. Their suitability will be confirmed in a European Technical Product Specification.
The design rules assume the following:
-   under extreme conditions (e.g. large crack width) excessive slip or failure of a fastener might occur;
-   elements or systems are attached with at least three fixing points with one or more fasteners at each fixing point;
-   where more than one fastener is used at a fixing point (MF, see Figure 1), only fasteners of the same type, size and length are used;
-   the attached system is sufficiently stiff to transfer the load at any fixing point to adjacent fixing points without significantly impairing the performance characteristics of the system both at serviceability and ultimate limit states.
(...)
This Technical Report applies to non-structural applications in structures covered by EN 1992-1-1. In applications where special considerations apply, e.g. nuclear power plants or civil defence structures, modifications may be necessary.
This document does not cover the design of the fixture. The design of the fixture will be carried out to comply with the appropriate Standards.
1.2   Type of fasteners
Post-installed fasteners according to EN 1992-4.
1.3   Fastener dimensions and materials
EN 1992-4:2017, 1.3 applies with the following addition: In precast pre-stressed hollow core elements the minimum embedment depth may be reduced to a value to ensure proper functioning if placed in a flange (wall) of minimum thickness of 17 mm. In this case the minimum embedment depth and the admissible position of the fastener in the hollow core slab given in the relevant European Technical Product Specification will be observed (Figure 2).
(...)-
1.4   Fastener loading
Loading on the fastenings will only be quasi static. Fatigue, impact and seismic loads are not covered.
Any axial compression on the fixture will be transmitted to the concrete either without acting on the fastener or via fasteners suitable for resisting compression.
1.5   Concrete strength
EN 1992-4 applies.
1.6   Concrete member loading
EN 1992-4 applies. However, fatigue, impact and seismic loads are not covered.
1.7   Concrete member dimensions
The minimum thickness of members in which fasteners are installed is at least 80 mm unless otherwise specified in the European Technical Product Specification. For precast pre-stressed hollow core elements, the minimum wall thickness is 17 mm.

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This Technical Report gives provisions for design of ultimate limit states in addition to EN 1992 4 for headed and post-installed fasteners excluding concrete screws, which only transmit static actions to the concrete, when the loads on individual fasteners are determined according to plastic analysis of the joint where only equilibrium conditions but no compatibility conditions are considered. Fatigue, impact and seismic loads are not covered.

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EN 1992-4:2018 covers anchor channels located in cracked or uncracked concrete subjected to tensile loads and/or shear loads transverse to the longitudinal channel axis as well as combinations of these loads. Shear loads acting in direction of the longitudinal axis of the channel and combinations of shear loads acting transverse and in direction of the longitudinal axis of the channel, combinations of tensile loads and shear loads acting in direction of the longitudinal axis of the channel and combinations of loads in all three directions are excluded.
This Technical Report provides design rules for anchor channels under static and quasi-static shear loads acting in direction of the longitudinal channel axis and all possible combinations of shear and tension loads acting on the channel as well as design rules for anchor channels with supplementary reinforcement to take up shear loads, additional and alternative to the provisions of EN 1992- 4:2018. All relevant failure modes are considered and will be verified. Fatigue, impact and seismic loads are not covered.
The design rules in this document are only valid for anchor channels with a European Technical Product Specification. The design provisions for shear loads acting in direction of the longitudinal axis of the channel cover the following anchor channels and applications:
-   Anchor channels with 2 or 3 anchors.
-   Anchor channels where the shear load in the longitudinal axis of the channel is transferred to the channel by corresponding locking channel bolts creating mechanical interlock by means of a notch in the channel lips or serrated channel bolts which interlock with serrated lips of the channel (Figure 1).
-   Anchor channels produced from steel with at least two metal anchors rigidly connected to the back of the channel (e.g. by welding, forging or screwing). The anchor channels are placed flush with the concrete surface. A fixture is connected to the anchor channel by channel bolts with nut and washer.
-   Anchor channels close to the edge placed either parallel or transverse to the edge of the concrete member. The design provisions for concrete edge failure do not cover channel orientations inclined to the concrete edge.
The design method for anchor channels loaded in shear in direction of the longitudinal axis of the channel follows closely the existing design model for headed fasteners. For reasons of simplicity modifications specific for anchor channels are used where necessary.
The design provisions for the supplementary reinforcement to take up shear loads in case of anchor channels situated parallel to the edge and loaded in shear transverse to the longitudinal axis apply to anchor channels with unlimited number of anchors.
Examples of anchor channels and channel bolts ensuring mechanical interlock are given in Figure 1.

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This document specifies requirements for non-electrolytically applied zinc flake coating systems for steel fasteners. It is applicable to coatings:
— with or without hexavalent chromium;
— with or without top coat;
— with or without lubricant (integral lubricant and/or subsequently added lubricant).
It is applicable to bolts, screws, studs and nuts with ISO metric thread, to fasteners with non-ISO metric thread, and to non-threaded fasteners such as washers, pins, clips, etc.
This document does not specify requirements for such fastener properties as weldability or paintability. It is not applicable to mechanically applied zinc coatings.
NOTE Coatings in accordance with this document are especially used for high strength fasteners (≥ 1 000 MPa) to avoid risk of internal hydrogen embrittlement (IHE — see 4.4).
Information for design and assembly of coated fasteners is given in Annex A.

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This document specifies requirements for electroplated coatings and coating systems on steel fasteners. The requirements related to dimensional properties also apply to fasteners made of copper or copper alloys.
It also specifies requirements and gives recommendations to minimize the risk of hydrogen embrittlement; see 4.4 and Annex B.
It mainly applies to zinc and zinc alloy coating systems (zinc, zinc-nickel, zinc-iron) and cadmium, primarily intended for corrosion protection and other functional properties:
— with or without conversion coating;
— with or without sealant;
— with or without top coat;
— with or without lubricant (integral lubricant and/or subsequently added lubricant).
Specifications for other electroplated coatings and coating systems (tin, tin-zinc, copper-tin, copper-silver, copper, silver, copper-zinc, nickel, nickel-chromium, copper-nickel, copper-nickel-chromium) are included in this document only for dimensional requirements related to fasteners with ISO metric threads.
This document applies to bolts, screws, studs and nuts with ISO metric thread, to fasteners with non-ISO metric thread, and to non-threaded fasteners such as washers, pins, clips and rivets.
Information for design and assembly of coated fasteners is given in Annex A.
This document does not specify requirements for properties such as weldability or paintability.
NOTE Other International Standards specify differing electroplating processes. For electroplating of fasteners, the requirements of this document apply, unless otherwise agreed.

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This part of ISO 1891 specifies terms and definitions for fastener related to control, inspection, delivery, acceptance and quality.
These terms are mainly intended for use in conjunction with ISO 3269, ISO 16228 and ISO 16426.
A multilingual list of terms in alphabetical order is given in Annex A.

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This document specifies requirements for electroplated coatings and coating systems on steel fasteners. The requirements related to dimensional properties also apply to fasteners made of copper or copper alloys. It also specifies requirements and gives recommendations to minimize the risk of hydrogen embrittlement; see 4.4 and Annex B. It mainly applies to zinc and zinc alloy coating systems (zinc, zinc-nickel, zinc-iron) and cadmium, primarily intended for corrosion protection and other functional properties: — with or without conversion coating; — with or without sealant; — with or without top coat; — with or without lubricant (integral lubricant and/or subsequently added lubricant). Specifications for other electroplated coatings and coating systems (tin, tin-zinc, copper-tin, copper-silver, copper, silver, copper-zinc, nickel, nickel-chromium, copper-nickel, copper-nickel-chromium) are included in this document only for dimensional requirements related to fasteners with ISO metric threads. This document applies to bolts, screws, studs and nuts with ISO metric thread, to fasteners with non-ISO metric thread, and to non-threaded fasteners such as washers, pins, clips and rivets. Information for design and assembly of coated fasteners is given in Annex A. This document does not specify requirements for properties such as weldability or paintability. NOTE Other International Standards specify differing electroplating processes. For electroplating of fasteners, the requirements of this document apply, unless otherwise agreed.

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This document specifies requirements for non-electrolytically applied zinc flake coating systems for steel fasteners. It is applicable to coatings: — with or without hexavalent chromium; — with or without top coat; — with or without lubricant (integral lubricant and/or subsequently added lubricant). It is applicable to bolts, screws, studs and nuts with ISO metric thread, to fasteners with non-ISO metric thread, and to non-threaded fasteners such as washers, pins, clips, etc. This document does not specify requirements for such fastener properties as weldability or paintability. It is not applicable to mechanically applied zinc coatings. NOTE Coatings in accordance with this document are especially used for high strength fasteners (≥ 1 000 MPa) to avoid risk of internal hydrogen embrittlement (IHE — see 4.4). Information for design and assembly of coated fasteners is given in Annex A.

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This European Standard specifies together with EN 14399-1 and EN 14399-2, the requirements for assemblies of high-strength structural bolts and nuts of system HV suitable for preloaded joints with large widths across flats, thread sizes M12 to M36 and property classes 10.9/10.
Bolting assemblies (including fit bolts with nominal shank diameter d + 1 mm) in accordance with this document have been designed to allow preloading of at least 0,7 fub × As ) according to EN 1993-1-8 (Eurocode 3) and to obtain ductility predominantly by plastic deformation of the engaged threads. For this purpose the components have the following characteristics:
-   nut height approximately 0,8 d;
-   bolt with short thread length.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document include washers according to EN 14399-6.
NOTE   Attention is drawn to the importance of ensuring that the bolting assemblies are correctly used if satisfactory results are to be obtained. For recommendations concerning proper application, reference to EN 1090-2 is made.
General requirements and requirements for suitability for preloading are specified in EN 14399-2.
Clamp lengths and grip lengths for the bolting assemblies are specified in the normative Annex A.

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This draft European Standard specifies, together with EN 14399 1 and EN 14399 2, the requirements for assemblies of high-strength structural countersunk bolts and nuts of system HR suitable for preloaded joints with thread sizes M12 to M36 and property classes 8.8/8 or 8.8/10 and 10.9/10.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document have been designed to allow preloading of at least 0,7 fub × As ) according to EN 1993 1 8 (Eurocode 3) and to obtain ductility predominantly by plastic elongation of the bolt. For this purpose the components have the following characteristics:
-   regular nut height according to (style 1) see EN ISO 4032;
-   thread length of the bolt according to ISO 888.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document include washers according to EN 14399 6 or to EN 14399 5.
NOTE   Attention is drawn to the importance of ensuring that bolting assemblies are correctly used if satisfactory results are to be obtained. For recommendations concerning proper application, reference to EN 1090–2 is made.
General requirements and requirements for suitability for preloading are specified in EN 14399 2.
Clamp lengths and grip lengths for the bolting assemblies are specified in the normative Annex A.

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This document specifies terms and definitions for fasteners related to control, inspection, delivery, acceptance and quality.
These terms are mainly intended for use in conjunction with ISO 3269, ISO 16228 and ISO 16426.
A multilingual list of terms in alphabetical order is given in Annex A.
NOTE 1 For a fasteners quality assurance system, see ISO 16426.
NOTE 2 For other fasteners terms, see, for example, ISO 225, and other parts of ISO 1891, ISO 4753 and ISO 14588.
NOTE 3 For other general terms related to quality and statistics, see, for example, ISO 9000, ISO 3534‑1, ISO 3534‑2 and ISO 3534-3.
Successive order of languages:
en: English
fr: French
ru: Russian
de: German
zh: Chinese
it: Italian
ja: Japanese
sv: Swedish
NOTE 4 In addition to the official ISO languages, this document includes the terms and definitions in German and also gives the terms in Chinese, Italian, Japanese and Swedish.

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This European Standard specifies, together with EN 14399- and EN 14399-2, the requirements for assemblies of high-strength structural bolts and nuts of system HRC suitable for preloaded joints, with hexagon head (large widths across flats), cup head or countersunk head, thread sizes M12 to M36 and property class 10.9/10.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document have been designed to allow preloading of at least 0,7 fub × As ) according to EN 1993-1-8 (Eurocode 3) and to obtain ductility predominantly by plastic elongation of the bolt. For this purpose the components have the following characteristics:
-   regular nut height according to (style 1), see EN ISO 4032; or
-   nut with height m = 1 D;
-   thread length of the bolt in accordance with ISO 888.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document include washers according to EN 14399-6 or to EN 14399-5 (under the nut only).
NOTE   Attention is drawn to the importance of ensuring that the bolting assemblies are correctly used if a satisfactory result is to be obtained. For recommendations concerning proper application, reference to EN 1090-2 is made.
General requirements and requirements for suitability for preloading are specified in EN 14399-2 and in Clause 8 of this document.

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This European Standard specifies, together with EN 14399-1 and EN 14399-2, the requirements for direct tension indicators, nut face washers (HN) and bolt face washers (HB) as part of high-strength structural bolting assemblies suitable for preloaded joints.
These direct tension indicators are specified as part of high-strength structural bolting assemblies of system HR or HV in accordance with EN 14399-3, EN 14399-4, EN 14399-7 or EN 14399-8, with nominal thread sizes M12 up to and including M36 and property classes 8.8/8 or 8.8/10 and 10.9/10.
It specifies two property designations H8 and H10 for direct tension indicators, together with general dimensions, tolerances, materials and functional property/ies.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document have been designed to allow preloading of at least 0,7 fub × As1) according to EN 1993-1-8 (Eurocode 3) and to obtain ductility predominantly by plastic elongation of the bolt for system HR in accordance with EN 14399-3 or EN 14399-7, or by plastic deformation of the engaged threads for system HV in accordance with EN 14399-4 or EN 14399-8.
Bolting assemblies conforming to this document may include washer(s) according to EN 14399-6 or to EN 14399-5 (under the nut only).
NOTE 1   Attention is drawn to the importance of ensuring that the bolting assemblies are correctly used if satisfactory results are to be obtained. For recommendations concerning proper application, reference to EN 1090-2 is made.
General requirements and requirements for suitability for preloading are specified in EN 14399-2 together with Clause 5 of this document.
NOTE 2   Direct tension indicators are also known as load indicating washers.

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This International standard specifies the different types of fastener inspection documents, issued by the fastener manufacturer or distributor and/or by the external authorized representative, on specific request of the purchaser at the time of the order:
- declaration of compliance (F2.1),
- test reports (F2.2, F3.1, F3.2 and F3.3).
NOTE   The term “certificate” is in common use, however for fastener inspection documents the terminology to be used is “test report”.
It specifies requirements for the content of each fastener inspection document, in conjunction with the order, the relevant standards and/or specified requirements.
This International standard applies to finished fasteners such as bolts, screws, studs, nuts, washers, pins, rivets, etc. made of steel, stainless steel, non-ferrous metal or non-metallic material.
This International Standard is not intended for special-purpose or specially engineered applications requiring other types of procedures (e.g. initial samples …).
Examples of inspection documents are given in Annex A (informative). An example of a coding system identifying the sections in fastener inspection documents is given in Annex B (informative).

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ISO 16228:2017 specifies the different types of fastener inspection documents issued by the fastener manufacturer or distributor and/or by the external authorized representative on specific request of the purchaser at the time of the order.
- declaration of compliance (F2.1);
- test reports (F2.2, F3.1 and F3.2).
NOTE The term "certificate" is in common use, however for fastener inspection documents the terminology to be used is "test report".
ISO 16228:2017 specifies requirements for the content of each fastener inspection document, in conjunction with the order, the relevant standards and/or specified requirements.
ISO 16228:2017 is applicable to finished fasteners such as bolts, screws, studs, nuts, washers, pins, rivets, etc. made of steel, stainless steel, non-ferrous metal or non-metallic material.
ISO 16228:2017 does not apply to special-purpose or specially engineered applications requiring other types of procedures (e.g. initial samples).
Examples of inspection documents are given in Annex A. An example of a coding system identifying the sections in fastener inspection documents is given in Annex B.

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ISO 16228:2017 specifies the different types of fastener inspection documents issued by the fastener manufacturer or distributor and/or by the external authorized representative on specific request of the purchaser at the time of the order. - declaration of compliance (F2.1); - test reports (F2.2, F3.1 and F3.2). NOTE The term "certificate" is in common use, however for fastener inspection documents the terminology to be used is "test report". ISO 16228:2017 specifies requirements for the content of each fastener inspection document, in conjunction with the order, the relevant standards and/or specified requirements. ISO 16228:2017 is applicable to finished fasteners such as bolts, screws, studs, nuts, washers, pins, rivets, etc. made of steel, stainless steel, non-ferrous metal or non-metallic material. ISO 16228:2017 does not apply to special-purpose or specially engineered applications requiring other types of procedures (e.g. initial samples). Examples of inspection documents are given in Annex A. An example of a coding system identifying the sections in fastener inspection documents is given in Annex B.

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This European Standard specifies the technical requirements for structural bolting assemblies in order to ensure the suitability for non-preloaded bolted connections in steel structures or aluminium structures.
A suitability test is specified to check the behaviour of the structural bolting assemblies.
It applies to bolting assemblies specified in FprEN 15048-1.

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This part of this European Standard specifies the general requirements for bolting assemblies for non-preloaded structural bolting. Bolting assemblies in accordance with this European Standard are designed to be used in structural bolting connections for shear and/or tensile loading.
The intended use of bolting assemblies in accordance with this European standard is structural metallic works.
It applies to bolts (the term used when bolts partially threaded, screws, studs and stud-bolts are considered all together) and nuts made of carbon steel, alloy steel, stainless steel or aluminium or aluminium alloy with the following property classes:
-   bolts made of carbon steel and alloy steel: 4.6, 4.8, 5.6, 5.8, 6.8, 8.8, 10.9 (in accordance with EN ISO 898 1);
-   nuts made of carbon steel and alloy steel: 5, 6, 8, 10, 12 (in accordance with EN ISO 898 2);
-   bolts made of austenitic stainless steel: 50, 70, 80 (in accordance with EN ISO 3506 1);
-   nuts made of austenitic stainless steel: 50, 70, 80 (in accordance with EN ISO 3506 2);
-   bolts made of aluminium or aluminium alloy: AL1 to AL6 (in accordance with EN 28839);
-   nuts made of aluminium or aluminium alloy: AL1 to AL6 (in accordance with EN 28839).
This European Standard applies to bolting assemblies with ISO metric coarse pitch thread from sizes M12 to M39 for use in steel structures according to EN 1090 2, and from M5 to M39 for use in aluminium or aluminium alloy structures according to EN 1090 3. The use of thread sizes larger than M39 is not precluded provided all applicable requirements of this standard are met.
WARNING — Only bolting assemblies are covered by this harmonized standard: separate bolts or nuts, not tested as part of an assembly lot of bolting assemblies in accordance with EN 15048 2, are not covered by this harmonized standard and cannot be CE marked.
NOTE 1   The property classes 4.8, 5.8 and 6.8 may be subjected to limitations of use.
NOTE 2   High-strength structural bolting assemblies for preloading which meet the requirements of EN 14399–1 are not within the scope of this European Standard but they are also suitable for use in non-preloaded structural bolting.
NOTE 3   Bolts and nuts made of aluminium or aluminium alloys are not designed to be used in steel structures, see EN 1090–2.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this European Standard are not designed to be welded.
Railway rail fasteners are not covered by this European Standard.

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This European standard specifies the general requirements for bolt/nut/washer(s) assemblies for high-strength structural bolting, which are suitable for preloading.
High-strength structural bolting assemblies smaller than M12 are not designed to be preloaded.
High-strength structural bolting assemblies are not designed to be welded.
High-strength structural bolting assemblies used as railway rail fasteners are not covered by this standard.
The intended use of bolting assemblies in accordance with this European standard is structural metallic works.
NOTE 1   High-strength structural bolting assemblies in accordance with EN 14399-2 to EN 14399-10 are designed to fulfil the requirements of this standard.
NOTE 2   High-strength structural bolting assemblies are suitable for preloading in accordance with EN 1090-2 in steel structures.

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This document specifies the technical requirements for high strength structural bolting assemblies in order to en-sure the suitability for preloading of bolted connections in metallic structures.
A suitability test is specified to check the behaviour of the fastener assembly so as to ensure that the required preload can be reliably obtained by the tightening methods specified in EN 1090-2 with sufficient margins against over tightening and against failure.

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This European Standard specifies the technical requirements for high-strength structural bolting assemblies in order to ensure the suitability for preloading of bolted connections in metallic structures.
A suitability test is specified to check the behaviour of the structural bolting assemblies so as to ensure that the required preload can be reliably obtained by the tightening methods specified in EN 1090 2 with sufficient margins against overtightening and against failure.

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This European Standard specifies the general requirements for bolt/nut/washer(s) assemblies for high-strength structural bolting, which are suitable for preloading.
The intended use of bolting assemblies in accordance with this European Standard is structural metallic works.
NOTE 1   High-strength structural bolting assemblies in accordance with EN 14399-2 to EN 14399-10 are designed to fulfil the requirements of this European Standard.
NOTE 2   High-strength structural bolting assemblies are suitable for preloading in accordance with EN 1090-2 in steel structures.
High-strength structural bolting assemblies smaller than M12 are not designed to be preloaded.
High-strength structural bolting assemblies are not designed to be welded.
Railway rail fasteners are not covered by this standard.

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This European Standard specifies, together with EN 14399 1 and EN 14399 2, the requirements for assemblies of high-strength structural bolts and nuts of system HR suitable for preloaded joints with large widths across flats, thread sizes M12 to M36 and property classes 8.8/8 or 8.8/10 and 10.9/10.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document have been designed to allow preloading of at least 0,7 fub × As  ) according to EN 1993 1 8 (Eurocode 3) and to obtain ductility predominantly by plastic elongation of the bolt. For this purpose the components have the following characteristics:
-   normal nut height (style 1), see EN ISO 4032;
-   thread length of the bolt according to ISO 888.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document include washers according to EN 14399 6 or to EN 14399 5 (under the nut only).
NOTE   Attention is drawn to the importance of ensuring that bolting assemblies are correctly used if satisfactory results are to be obtained. For recommendations concerning proper application, reference to EN 1090-2 is made.
General requirements and requirements for suitability for preloading are specified in EN 14399 2.
Clamp lengths and grip lengths for the bolting assemblies are specified in the normative Annex A.

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This European Standard specifies together with EN 14399 1 and EN 14399 2, the requirements for assemblies of high-strength structural bolts and nuts of system HV suitable for preloaded joints with large widths across flats, thread sizes M12 to M36 and property classes 10.9/10.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document have been designed to allow preloading of at least 0,7 fub × As ) according to EN 1993 1 8 (Eurocode 3) and to obtain ductility predominantly by plastic deformation of the engaged threads. For this purpose the components have the following characteristics:
-   nut height approximately 0,8 d;
-   bolt with short thread length.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document include washers according to EN 14399 6.
NOTE   Attention is drawn to the importance of ensuring that the bolting assemblies are correctly used if satisfactory results are to be obtained. For recommendations concerning proper application, reference to EN 1090-2 is made.
General requirements and requirements for suitability for preloading are specified in EN 14399 2.
Clamp lengths and grip lengths for the bolting assemblies are specified in the normative Annex A.

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This part of EN ISO 1891 specifies terms and definitions for fastener coatings, primarily intended for corrosion protection and functional purposes.
These terms are mainly intended for use in conjunction with EN ISO 4042, EN ISO 10683 and EN ISO 10684.
A multilingual list of terms in alphabetical order is given in Annex A.

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ISO 1891-2:2014 specifies terms and definitions for fastener coatings, primarily intended for corrosion protection and functional purposes. These terms are mainly intended for use in conjunction with ISO 4042, ISO 10683 and ISO 10684.

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This International Standard specifies the conditions for carrying out torque/clamp force tests on threaded fasteners and related parts. It is applicable, basically, to bolts, screws, studs and nuts made of carbon steel and alloy steel, whose mechanical properties are specified in ISO 898-1, ISO 898-2 or ISO 898-6, having ISO metric threads with thread sizes M3 to M39. It is also applicable to the combination of other externally and internally threaded fasteners with a triangular ISO thread according to ISO 68-1. It is not applicable to set screws and similar threaded fasteners that are not under tensile stresses, nor to screws which form their own mating thread or threaded fasteners having additional self-locking features. Unless otherwise agreed, the tests are carried out at room temperature. However, tests carried out under standard conditions are made at a temperature of 10 °C to 35 °C. This method allows determination of the tightening characteristics of threaded fasteners and related parts.

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ISO 12996:2013 specifies the geometry of the test specimens and the procedure for the tensile shear testing of single mechanical joints on single and multilayer specimens up to a single sheet thickness of 4,5 mm.
The term sheet, as used in ISO 12996:2013, includes extrusions and cast materials.
The purpose of the tensile shear test is to determine the mechanical characteristics and failure modes of the joints made with the different methods.
ISO 12996:2013 does not apply to civil engineering applications such as metal building and steel construction which are covered by other applicable standards.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements and test methods for materials, geometry, strength, stiffness and durability ascpects (i.e. corrosion protection) of dowel-type fasteners for use in load bearing timber structures. Only dowel-type fasteners manufactured from steel are covered by this European Standard. For the purpose of this standard, dowel-type fasteners for timber structures are taken to be nails, staples, screws, dowels, and bolts with nuts. Definitions of these items are given in Clause 3. This European Standard specifies also the evaluation of conformity procedures and includes requirements for marking of these products. This European Standard does not cover fasteners treated with fire retardants to improve their fire performance. This European Standard covers fasteners that may be coated for the following purposes: 1. Corrosion protection (e.g. hot dip galvanization, epoxy coating); 2. Lubricants (to facilitate insertion); 3. Withdrawal enhancement and/or collation (adhesive coating).

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DOR should have been 2012-09-27.
2012-02-23 EMA: Draft for // vote received in ISO/CS (see notification of 2012-02-22 in dataservice).
MINOR AMENDMENT       MINOR AMENDMENT       MINOR AMENDMENT      MINOR AMENDMENT

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This European Standard specifies the requirements and test methods for materials, geometry, strength, stiffness and durability ascpects (i.e. corrosion protection) of dowel-type fasteners for use in load bearing timber structures.
Only dowel-type fasteners manufactured from steel are covered by this European Standard. For the purpose of this standard, dowel-type fasteners for timber structures are taken to be nails, staples, screws, dowels, and bolts with nuts.  Definitions of these items are given in Clause 3. This European Standard specifies also the evaluation of conformity procedures and includes requirements for marking of these products.
This European Standard does not cover resin coated dowel-type fasteners and fasterners treated with fire retardants to improve their fire performance. It also does not cover resin coated fasteners.

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ISO 4753:2011 specifies the form and dimensions of ends of parts with external ISO metric screw thread (e.g. bolt, screw and stud ends) recommended for use. They apply to standardized or non-standardized threaded parts.
For each end type, a symbol is specified and it is intended that these symbols be used when specifying one of the ends for threaded fasteners.

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ISO 4753:2011 specifies the form and dimensions of ends of parts with external ISO metric screw thread (e.g. bolt, screw and stud ends) recommended for use. They apply to standardized or non-standardized threaded parts. For each end type, a symbol is specified and it is intended that these symbols be used when specifying one of the ends for threaded fasteners.

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ISO 10510:2011 specifies the requirements for tapping screws and plain washer assemblies with spaced threads from ST2,2 to ST9,5 inclusive, flat seating heads and mechanical properties as specified in ISO 2702.

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