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This document specifies tests for the qualification of welding procedure specifications applicable to upset (resistance butt) welding and flash welding of metallic materials, e.g. with solid, tubular, flat or circular cross-section. Its basic principles can also be applied to other resistance welding processes when this is stated in the specification. This document defines the conditions for carrying out tests and the limits of validity of a qualified welding procedure for all the practical welding operations that it covers. It covers the following resistance welding processes, as defined in ISO 4063: —   24 flash welding, using direct current or alternating current with various movement sequences, constant flashing and pulsed flashing; —   25 resistance upset welding, using direct current or alternating current with various pressure sequences.

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This document establishes and defines terms used in additive manufacturing (AM) technology, which applies the additive shaping principle and thereby builds physical three-dimensional (3D) geometries by successive addition of material. The terms have been classified into specific fields of application.

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This document specifies the dimensions of medium-transfer units for wet processing and interfaces machine tool with insert nuts, which are used in hollow taper shanks taper in accordance with the ISOÂ 12164 series.

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This document specifies requirements for the exchange of messages that contain master data consisting of characteristic data. These requirements can be checked by computer. The messages are suitable for exchange between organizations and between systems. EXAMPLE 1    A supplier sends a message to a customer. The message contains characteristic data describing an item that the customer is considering buying. The following are within the scope of this document: —   conformance of master data messages to a formal syntax; —   semantic encoding of master data messages; —   conformance of master data messages to data specifications; —   requirements on access to the data dictionaries that enable decoding of master data messages. The following are outside the scope of this document: —   master data that are not characteristic data; —   data that are not in messages; —   messages that do not exchange master data between organizations or systems; EXAMPLE 2    A merchant sends a message to a credit card company. The message represents a credit charge transaction and does not exchange master data between the organizations. —   recording the provenance of master data; EXAMPLE 3    ISO 8000‑120 addresses the capture and exchange of data provenance information. —   accuracy of master data; EXAMPLE 4    ISO 8000‑130 addresses the representation and exchange of information about the accuracy of master data that consists of characteristic data. —   exchange of data that are not master data; EXAMPLE 5    ISO 8000‑140 addresses the representation and exchange of information about the completeness of master data that consists of characteristic data. —   management of master data internally within an organization; EXAMPLE 6    Data within an organization's enterprise resource planning or product data management system is out of scope. EXAMPLE 7    Making backup copies of data files containing master data is out of scope. —   quality of data dictionaries; —   a specific formal syntax for the exchange of master data. EXAMPLE 8    The ISO 9735 series, the ISO 13584 series, the ISO 15926 series and the ISO 22745 series specify formats that enable exchange of master data. The requirements in this document are considered necessary but not sufficient to achieve data quality with respect to exchange of master data. Issues such as the accuracy and provenance of master data also need to be addressed as part of an overall data quality strategy.

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This part of IEC 62541 describes the OPC Unified Architecture (OPC UA) security model. It describes the security threats of the physical, hardware, and software environments in which OPC UA is expected to run. It describes how OPC UA relies upon other standards for security. It provides definition of common security terms that are used in this and other parts of the OPC UA specification. It gives an overview of the security features that are specified in other parts of the OPC UA specification. It references services, mappings, and Profiles that are specified normatively in other parts of the OPC UA Specification. It provides suggestions or best practice guidelines on implementing security. Any seeming ambiguity between this part and one of the other normative parts does not remove or reduce the requirement specified in the other normative part.

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This document addresses installation qualification (IQ), operational qualification (OQ), and performance qualification (PQ) issues directly related to the additive manufacturing system that has a direct influence on the consolidation of material. The first three elements of process validation, process mapping, risk assessment, and validation planning, are necessary pre-conditions to machine qualification, however, they are outside the scope of this document. This document covers issues directly related to the AM equipment and does not cover feedstock qualification or post processing beyond powder removal. Physical facility, personnel, process and material issues are only included to the extent necessary to support machine qualification.

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This document specifies the procedure for determining the gloss of an organic coating on a metallic substrate. Gloss is a characteristic of fundamental importance to the appearance of the coil coated product.
The apparatus requires a flat specimen of size greater than the aperture, thus, uneven surfaces cannot be measured.
This method is applicable to all pigmented and unpigmented coatings including metallic/pearlescent coatings. However, for textured coatings it is only indicative.

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This part of EN 13523 specifies procedures for determining the instrumental colour difference (CIELAB) of an organic coating on a metallic substrate.
Establishing a standard as well as the magnitude of an acceptable colour difference are not covered by this method.
Two appropriate methods are given in this part of EN 13523:
a)   instrumental colour difference measurement using a tristimulus colorimeter;
b)   instrumental colour difference measurement using a spectrophotometer or equivalent.
Care shall be taken when measuring e.g.
-   textured surfaces;
-   fluorescent coatings;
-   metameric coatings;
-   multi-coloured, pearlescent, metallic or special colour effect coatings.
In order to determine whether metamerism is present, the metamerism index is determined (see EN 13523-15) and/or a visual examination (see EN 13523-22) is performed with different artificial light sources.

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This part of EN 13523 specifies the procedure for determining the resistance to cracking of an organic coating on a metallic substrate when bent through 135° to 180°. The degree of adhesion may also be evaluated.
Both folding and mandrel methods are considered. The folding method is more often used for practical purposes but where more precise determinations are required, the mandrel method is recommended.
The cylindrical bend method may also be used for a pass/fail decision by using an agreed mandrel.
The choice of the appropriate test method is limited by the thickness and/or the hardness of the substrate.
The feasibility of the test depends on the type and thickness of the substrate. During the procedure, the mandrel should not deform.

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This document specifies the overall scope of all parts of EN 13523, gives definitions common to all parts and describes how sampling and preparation of test panels for most of the individual test methods are to be carried out.

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This document defines terms used in relation to robotics.

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This document specifies the principal dimensions of multiple slip joint pliers. It also specifies test values for the pliers to verify their aptitude to function in conformity with ISOÂ 5744. General technical requirements are given in ISOÂ 5743. The multiple slip joint pliers illustrated in this document are only examples and are not intended to affect the manufacturer's design.

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This document specifies a method for determining the thermal conductivity of ceramic top coat (TC) constituting thermal barrier coating (TBC) subjected to heat treatment, in a direction normal to the coating surface, from room temperature up to 1 000 °C.

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This document specifies four electrographic tests for assessing the porosity of electrodeposited gold and gold alloy coatings for engineering, and decorative and protective purposes.

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This document provides an overview and general principles of a digital twin framework for manufacturing including: —   terms and definitions; —   requirements of the digital twin framework for manufacturing.

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Specifies the requirements for the testing apparatus to be used. Includes a general description and figures.

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A common language for standards, disclosed to a wide audience and referring only to the operational protocols and to their outcomes, is needed both for a consistent set of standards and the connection with the scientific literature. This glossary will take into account existing glossary of terms used in photocatalysis and photochemistry. Because in photocatalysis numerous properties are difficult to be evaluated, it is strongly recommended in standard norms to avoid reporting properties depending on number of actives sites, the mechanisms of adsorption or kinetic mechanisms of photocatalytic reactions. For the same reason instead of the quantum yield and related quantities it is easier to report the photonic efficiency.
Most of the definitions reported in this document are a sub-set of the IUPAC definitions in photocatalysis and radiocatalysis [1]. Some other definitions, in particular for the photocatalytic rate and reactors are taken from a dedicated work [2]. The use and many technical specifications on the physical values suggested for irradiation conditions in the standards are reported in a separate Technical Specification [3].
The arrangement of entries is alphabetical, and the criterion adopted by the IUPAC has been followed for the typeface used: italicized words in a definition or following it indicate a cross-reference in the Glossary.

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This document specifies a test method for determining the resistance of vitreous and porcelain enamel coatings to abrasion by rubbing, grinding or other mechanical effects.

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This document specifies the tests which can be used for qualification of welding procedure specifications for spot, seam, and projection welding processes. NOTE      The procedures are written for embossed projection welding. They can be adapted for solid projections as well, e.g. nut welding, stud welding. cross wire welding. This document defines the conditions for carrying out tests and the limits of validity of a qualified welding procedure for all practical welding operations covered by this document. It covers the following resistance welding processes, as defined in ISO 4063: —   21 – resistance spot welding; —   211 – indirect spot welding; —   212 – direct spot welding; —   22 – resistance seam welding; —   221 – lap seam welding; —   222 – mash seam welding; —   223 – Prep-lap seam welding; —   224 – Wire seam welding; —   225 – foil butt-seam welding; —   226 – seam welding with strip; —   23 – projection welding; —   231 – indirect projection welding; —   232 – direct projection welding.

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This document specifies the International Standards, including clauses and subclauses, with which conformity to the quality requirements of ISO 3834-2, ISO 3834-3 or ISOÂ 3834-4 can be claimed. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â For brazing, see ISO 22688.

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This document specifies the chemical analysis of silicon-carbide-based abrasive grains and crudes. It is applicable for the determination of the surface impurities of abrasives grains and the determination of the SiC content of crushed crude when the silicon carbide content is greater than 95Â %Â (mass fraction).

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This document specifies the selection criteria and minimum requirements for protective coating systems for field maintenance and repair of risers exposed to conditions in the splash zone.
This document does not cover the selection of techniques and materials used to restore integrity of the risers to be coated.
This document neither covers the selection of additional mechanical protective materials that are not part of the described coating systems included in this document.

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This document specifies a general outline of the ISO 3834 series and criteria to be taken into account for
the selection of the appropriate level of quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic materials,
among the three levels specified in ISO 3834-2, ISO 3834-3 and ISO 3834-4.
It is applicable to manufacturing, both in workshops and at field installation sites.
This document does not specify requirements for a total quality management system (QMS). However,
Clause 6 identifies QMS elements where their inclusion complements the ISO 3834 series.

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This document identifies technical requirements for information exchange between entities within the reference architecture. The requirements for information exchange in the following networks are within the scope of this document: —   user network that connects the user entity and the digital twin entity; —   service network that connects sub-entities within the digital twin entity; —   access network that connects the device communication entity to the digital twin entity and to the user entity; —   proximity network that connects the device communication entity to the observable manufacturing elements.

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This clause of Part 1 is applicable, except as follows:
Addition:
This document applies to the design of pedestrian controlled walk-behind
– cylinder lawnmowers;
and
– rotary lawnmowers equipped with
– metallic cutting means; and/or
– rigid non-metallic cutting means; and/or
– non-metallic cutting means with one or more cutting elements pivotally mounted on a generally circular drive unit, where these cutting elements rely on centrifugal force to
achieve cutting, and have a kinetic energy for each single cutting element of greater than 10 J.
NOTE 101 Machines that have non-metallic cutting means and a kinetic energy for each single cutting element
of less than or equal to 10 J are considered to be lawn trimmers.
This document does not apply to
– robotic lawnmowers;
– remote-controlled lawnmowers;
– flail mowers or flail-type attachments;
– scissors type lawnmowers;
– grassland mowers;
– sickle bar mowers;
– towed/semi-mounted grass-cutting machines;
– scrub-clearing machines;
– lawn trimmers and lawn edge trimmers;
– lawn edgers;
– grass trimmers;
– brush cutters;
– brush saws;
– agricultural mowers;
– trailing seat/sulky units;
– ride-on machines;
– non-powered lawnmowers;
– combustion engine powered lawnmowers;
– hybrid and fuel cell powered machines and associated charging systems; and
– garden tractors or their attachments.
NOTE 102 Robotic lawnmowers are covered by IEC 60335-2-107, and will be covered by a future part of IEC 62841.
NOTE 103 Lawn trimmers and lawn edge trimmers are covered by IEC 60335-2-91.
NOTE 104 Lawn trimmers, lawn edge trimmers, grass trimmers, brush cutters and brush saws will be covered by a future part of IEC 62841.
NOTE 105 Lawn edgers will be covered by a future part of IEC 62841.

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This document examines the standardization requirements for the necessary digital validation technology for improving design efficiency by effectively utilizing simulation data at the functional design stage of digitally integrated products.

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This European Standard specifies general requirements for the dust measurement of electric motor-operated tools supplied from mains or from batteries. This European Standard applies to those tools with and without dust extraction unit where dust such as mineral dust containing silica or wood dust is expected.
This part of EN 50632 sets particular requirements for transportable mitre saws.

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This European Standard specifies general requirements for the dust measurement of electric motor-operated tools supplied from mains or from batteries. This European Standard applies to those tools with and without dust extraction unit where dust such as mineral dust containing silica or wood dust is expected.
This part of EN 50632 sets particular requirements for transportable table saws.

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This European Standard specifies general requirements for the dust measurement of electric motor-operated tools supplied from mains or from batteries. This European Standard applies to those tools with and without dust extraction unit where dust such as mineral dust containing silica or wood dust is expected.
This part of EN 50632 sets particular requirements for jointers.

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This European Standard specifies general requirements for the dust measurement of electric motor-operated tools supplied from mains or from batteries. This European Standard applies to those tools with and without dust extraction unit where dust such as mineral dust containing silica or wood dust is expected.
This part of EN 50632 sets particular requirements for routers and trimmers.

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This European Standard specifies general requirements for the dust measurement of electric motor-operated tools supplied from mains or from batteries. This European Standard applies to those tools with and without dust extraction unit where dust such as mineral dust containing silica or wood dust is expected.
This part of EN 50632 sets particular requirements for circular saws.

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This European Standard specifies general requirements for the dust measurement of electric motor-operated tools supplied from mains or from batteries. This European Standard applies to those tools with and without dust extraction unit where dust such as mineral dust containing silica or wood dust is expected.
This part of EN 50632 sets particular requirements for planers.

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This document provides a reference architecture for the digital twin in manufacturing including; —   reference model from domain and entity point of view; —   functional view specifying functional entities supported by the entity-based reference model.

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DOW=DOR+48 months is applied to all parts in EN IEC 62841 series
2020-07-15: common mod, no xml

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This document specifies the framework for an Additive Manufacturing Service Platform (AMSP). The following elements are within the scope of this document: —   Overview introducing the stakeholders and workflow of an AMSP. —   Requirements specifying various prerequisite conditions from different aspects. —   Framework defining a general functional architecture based on the identified requirements. —   Use cases showing typical work modes of an AMSP. This document is applicable when individuals or organizations (e.g. commercial enterprises, government agencies and non-profit organizations) build an AMSP or improve existing ones to provide 3D printing and other services specific to the submission, design and creation of AM parts.

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This document specifies assessment indicators to support the assessment of organizational process maturity for data quality management in the context of manufacturing operations management as specified by IEC 62264‑1. The following are within scope of this document: —   assessment indicators that are work products generated by data processing (as specified by ISO 8000‑61) and, thus, enable rating of process performance, a process attribute specified by ISO/IEC 33020; —   the role played by each work product in the processes of manufacturing operations management; —   the connection of each work product to the outcomes of the processes of manufacturing operations management. The following are outside the scope of this document: —   assessment indicators for any of the other process attributes specified by ISO/IEC 33020; —   methods or procedures to measure process capability.

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This document provides a list of basic information attributes for the OMEs: —   examples of information attributes are given; —   standards that can define these information attributes are discussed in Annex A.

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IEC/TR 62061-1:2010 is intended to explain the application of IEC 62061 and ISO 13849-1 in the design of safety-related control systems for machinery.

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This document describes a method for assessing the performance of photocatalytic inorganic materials contained in cement mortars and/or limes or ceramic-based matrices, paints or materials deposited as thin films or coatings on a variety of substrates for the photocatalytic abatement of nitric oxide in the gas phase. This method is not suitable for the assessment of samples to be applied with flow perpendicular to the surface or flow permeating the surface itself as polymeric and paper filters, honeycomb structures and suchlike.
The performance for the photocatalytic sample under test is evaluated by measuring the degradation rate of nitric oxide (NO) using the method described herein. The photocatalytic abatement rate is calculated from the observed rate by eliminating the effects of mass transfer. The intrinsic photocatalytic abatement rate is an intrinsic property of the material tested and makes it possible to distinguish the photocatalytic activities of various products with an absolute scale defined with physical and engineering meaning.
For the measurements and calculations described in this document the concentration of nitrogen oxides (NOx) is defined as the stoichiometric sum of nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2).

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This document specifies quality requirements for manufacturers of thermal sprayed coatings to ensure quality assurance for activities in the field of production. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â It is independent of the availability of a quality management system, e.g. ISOÂ 9001, ISOÂ 14001 and ISOÂ 45001, which concern the concept and organization of the quality management. This document defines the quality requirements that are of importance for the manufacturing route. This document is applicable to thermal spraying including all the pre- and post-treatments of the whole coating process for new parts, for repairs and maintenance (e.g. after service) at the workshop or on site.

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This document lists smart manufacturing related standards with their characteristics as specified in ISO/IEC TR 63306-1.

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ISO/IEC TR 63306-2:2021 lists smart manufacturing related standards with their characteristics as specified in ISO/IEC TR 63306-1.

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This document specifies methods for the measurement of specular reflectance and specular gloss of
flat samples of anodized aluminium using geometries of 20° (Method A), 45° (Method B), 60° (Method
C) and 85° (Method D) and of specular reflectance by an additional 45° method (Method E) employing a
narrow acceptance angle.
The methods described are intended mainly for use with clear anodized surfaces. They can be used
with colour-anodized aluminium, but only with similar colours.

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This document specifies a general outline of the ISO 3834 series and criteria to be taken into account for the selection of the appropriate level of quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic materials, among the three levels specified in ISO 3834-2, ISO 3834-3 and ISO 3834-4. It is applicable to manufacturing, both in workshops and at field installation sites. This document does not specify requirements for a total quality management system (QMS). However, Clause 6 identifies QMS elements where their inclusion complements the ISO 3834 series.

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This Standard defines the technical requirements and quality assurance provisions for the manufacture and verification of high-reliability electronic circuits based on surface mounted device (SMD) and mixed technology.
The Standard defines acceptance and rejection criteria for high-reliability manufacture of surface-mount and mixed-technology circuit assemblies intended to withstand normal terrestrial conditions and the vibrational g loads and environment imposed by space flight.
The proper tools, correct materials, design and workmanship are covered by this document. Workmanship standards are included to permit discrimination between proper and improper work.
The assembly of leaded devices to through-hole terminations and general soldering principles are covered in ECSS-Q-ST-70-08.
Requirements related to printed circuit boards are contained in ECSS-Q-ST-70 10, ECSS-Q-ST-70-11 and ECSS-Q-ST-70-12 . The mounting and supporting of devices, terminals and conductors prescribed herein applies to assemblies at PCB level designed to continuously operate over the mission within the temperature limits of -55 C to +85 C.
For temperatures outside this normal range, special design, verification and qualification testing is performed to ensure the necessary environmental survival capability.
Special thermal heat sinks are applied to devices having high thermal dissipation (e.g. junction temperatures of 110 C, power transistors) in order to ensure that solder joints do not exceed 85 C.
Verification of SMD assembly processes is made on test vehicles (surface mount verification samples). Temperature cycling ensures the operational lifetime for spacecraft. However, mechanical testing only indicates SMD reliability as it is unlikely that the test vehicle represents every flight configuration.
This Standard does not cover the qualification and acceptance of the EQM and FM equipment with surface-mount and mixed-technology.
The qualification and acceptance tests of equipment manufactured in accordance with this Standard are covered by ECSS-E-ST-10-03.
This standard may be tailored for the specific characteristics and constraints of a space project, in accordance with ECSS-S-ST-00.

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This Standard defines the technical requirements and quality assurance provisions for the manufacture and verification of manually-soldered, high-reliability electrical connections. The Standard defines acceptance and rejection criteria for high reliability manufacture of manually-soldered electrical connections intended to withstand normal terrestrial conditions and the vibrational g-loads and environment imposed by space flight. The proper tools, correct materials, design and workmanship are covered by this document. Workmanship standards are included to permit discrimination between proper and improper work. The assembly of surface-mount devices is covered in ECSS-Q-ST-70-38. Requirements related to printed circuit boards are contained in ECSS-Q-ST-70-10 and ECSS-Q-ST-70-11. Verification of manual soldering assemblies which are not described in this standard are performed by vibration and thermal cycling testing. The requirements for verification are given in this Standard. This standard does not cover the qualification and acceptance of EQM and FM equipment with hand soldered connections. The qualification and acceptance tests of equipment manufactured in accordance with this Standard are covered by ECSS-E-ST-10-03. The mounting and supporting of components, terminals and conductors prescribed herein applies to assemblies designed to operate within the temperature limits of -55 °C to +85 °C. For temperatures outside this normal range, special design, verification and qualification testing is performed to ensure the necessary environmental survival capability. Special thermal heat sinks are applied to devices having high thermal dissipation (e.g. junction temperatures of 110 °C, power transistors) in order to ensure that solder joints do not exceed 85 °C. This standard may be tailored for the specific characteristic and constrains of a space project in conformance with ECSS-S-ST-00.

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