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This document establishes a European grouping system for materials for welding purposes, classified
in accordance with the grouping system of ISO/TR 15608.
It is also applicable for other purposes such as heat treatment, forming and non-destructive testing.
This document covers grouping systems for the following standardized materials:
a) steel;
b) aluminium and its alloys;
c) copper and its alloys;
d) cast irons;
e) nickel and nickel alloys.
For materials that are not assigned to a group in this document, the criteria of ISO/TR 15608 apply.

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This document establishes a European grouping system for materials for welding purposes, classified in accordance with the grouping system of ISO/TR 15608. It is also applicable for other purposes such as heat treatment, forming and non-destructive testing. This document covers grouping systems for the following standardized materials: a) steel; b) aluminium and its alloys; c) copper and its alloys; d) cast irons; e) nickel and nickel alloys. For materials that are not assigned to a group in this document, the criteria of ISO/TR 15608 apply.

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ISO 20168:2016 specifies the dimensions and tolerances for electrode holders and of spot welding electrode caps, where a locking taper is used.

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This document specifies requirements for the classification of solid wire electrodes, solid wires and
rods for fusion welding of titanium and titanium alloys. The classification is based on their chemical
composition.
The compositions of solid wire electrodes for metal inert gas (MIG) welding are the same as solid wire
electrodes, solid wires and rods for tungsten inert gas (TIG) arc welding, plasma arc welding, laser
beam welding, and other fusion welding processes.

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This document specifies the preparation of test pieces and specimens for all-weld metal tests in steel,
nickel and nickel alloys.
The test pieces and specimens are used to determine the mechanical properties of all-weld metal where
required by consumable classification standards or for other purposes, in arc welding of steel, nickel
and nickel alloys.
This document is not applicable to single- or two-run welding or fillet welding. For these cases,
ISO 15792-2 and ISO 15792-3 apply.

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This document specifies requirements for the classification of covered electrodes and deposited metal
in the as-welded condition and in the post-weld heat-treated condition for manual metal arc welding of
non-alloy and fine grain steels with a minimum yield strength of up to 500 MPa or a minimum tensile
strength of up to 570 MPa.
This document is a combined specification providing for classification utilizing a system based on the
yield strength and the average impact energy of 47 J of all-weld metal, or utilizing a system based on the
tensile strength and the average impact energy of 27 J of all-weld metal.
a) Clauses, subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter “A” are applicable only to covered
electrodes classified to the system based on the yield strength and the average impact energy of
47 J of all weld metal in this document.
b) Clauses, subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter “B” are applicable only to covered
electrodes classified to the system based on the tensile strength and the average impact energy of
27 J of all weld metal in this document.
c) Clauses, subclauses and tables which do not have either the suffix letter “A” or the suffix letter “B”
are applicable to all covered electrodes classified in this document.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of wire electrodes and weld deposits in the
as-welded condition and in the post-weld heat-treated condition for gas shielded metal arc welding of
non alloy and fine grain steels with a minimum yield strength of up to 500 MPa or a minimum tensile
strength of up to 570 MPa. One wire electrode can be tested and classified with different shielding gases.
This document constitutes a combined specification providing classification utilizing a system based
upon the yield strength and the average impact energy of 47 J of all-weld metal, or utilizing a system
based upon the tensile strength and the average impact energy of 27 J of all-weld metal.
a) Clauses and tables which carry the suffix letter “A” are applicable only to wire electrodes classified
to the system based on the yield strength and the average impact energy of 47 J of all-weld metal in
accordance with this document.
b) Clauses and tables which carry the suffix letter “B” are applicable only to wire electrodes classified
to the system based on the tensile strength and the average impact energy of 27 J of all-weld metal
in accordance with this document.
c) Clauses and tables which have neither the suffix letter “A” nor the suffix letter “B” are applicable to
all wire electrodes classified in accordance with this document.

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This document specifies the preparation of butt weld test pieces and specimens.
The test pieces and specimens are used to determine the strength and impact properties of welded
joints when testing welding consumables with single-run and two-run techniques.
This document is applicable to welding consumables for arc welding of steel.
This document is not suitable for electro-slag or electro-gas welding.

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This document specifies the procedure to be used for deposition of a weld metal pad for chemical
analysis.
This document applies to deposition of a weld metal pad by use of covered electrodes, wire electrodes
for gas shielded metal arc welding, tubular cored electrodes for gas shielded metal arc welding and for
non-gas shielded metal arc welding, solid rods and tubular cored rods for gas tungsten arc welding, and
wire-flux and strip-flux combinations for submerged arc welding or electroslag welding and cladding.
This document is applicable to welding consumables for non-alloy and fine grain steels, high strength
steels, creep-resisting steels, stainless and heat-resisting steels, nickel and nickel alloys, and copper
and copper alloys.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of wire electrodes and weld deposits in the as-welded condition and in the post-weld heat-treated condition for gas shielded metal arc welding of non alloy and fine grain steels with a minimum yield strength of up to 500 MPa or a minimum tensile strength of up to 570 MPa. One wire electrode can be tested and classified with different shielding gases. This document constitutes a combined specification providing classification utilizing a system based upon the yield strength and the average impact energy of 47 J of all-weld metal, or utilizing a system based upon the tensile strength and the average impact energy of 27 J of all-weld metal. a) Clauses and tables which carry the suffix letter "A" are applicable only to wire electrodes classified to the system based on the yield strength and the average impact energy of 47 J of all-weld metal in accordance with this document. b) Clauses and tables which carry the suffix letter "B" are applicable only to wire electrodes classified to the system based on the tensile strength and the average impact energy of 27 J of all-weld metal in accordance with this document. c) Clauses and tables which have neither the suffix letter "A" nor the suffix letter "B" are applicable to all wire electrodes classified in accordance with this document.

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This document specifies requirements for the classification of covered electrodes and deposited metal in the as-welded condition and in the post-weld heat-treated condition for manual metal arc welding of non-alloy and fine grain steels with a minimum yield strength of up to 500 MPa or a minimum tensile strength of up to 570 MPa. This document is a combined specification providing for classification utilizing a system based on the yield strength and the average impact energy of 47 J of all-weld metal, or utilizing a system based on the tensile strength and the average impact energy of 27 J of all-weld metal. a) Clauses, subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter "A" are applicable only to covered electrodes classified to the system based on the yield strength and the average impact energy of 47 J of all weld metal in this document. b) Clauses, subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter "B" are applicable only to covered electrodes classified to the system based on the tensile strength and the average impact energy of 27 J of all weld metal in this document. c) Clauses, subclauses and tables which do not have either the suffix letter "A" or the suffix letter "B" are applicable to all covered electrodes classified in this document.

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This document specifies the procedure to be used for deposition of a weld metal pad for chemical analysis. This document applies to deposition of a weld metal pad by use of covered electrodes, wire electrodes for gas shielded metal arc welding, tubular cored electrodes for gas shielded metal arc welding and for non-gas shielded metal arc welding, solid rods and tubular cored rods for gas tungsten arc welding, and wire-flux and strip-flux combinations for submerged arc welding or electroslag welding and cladding. This document is applicable to welding consumables for non-alloy and fine grain steels, high strength steels, creep-resisting steels, stainless and heat-resisting steels, nickel and nickel alloys, and copper and copper alloys.

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This document specifies the preparation of test pieces and specimens for all-weld metal tests in steel, nickel and nickel alloys. The test pieces and specimens are used to determine the mechanical properties of all-weld metal where required by consumable classification standards or for other purposes, in arc welding of steel, nickel and nickel alloys. This document is not applicable to single- or two-run welding or fillet welding. For these cases, ISO 15792‑2 and ISO 15792‑3 apply.

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This document specifies the preparation of butt weld test pieces and specimens. The test pieces and specimens are used to determine the strength and impact properties of welded joints when testing welding consumables with single-run and two-run techniques. This document is applicable to welding consumables for arc welding of steel. This document is not suitable for electro-slag or electro-gas welding.

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This document provides a Japanese grouping system for materials for welding purposes, classified in
accordance with the grouping system of ISO/TR 15608.
It can also apply for other purposes, such as heat treatment, forming, and non-destructive testing.
Types of steels are listed in accordance with the grouping system of ISO/TR 15608:2017, Table 1.
Types of aluminium and aluminium alloys are listed in accordance with the grouping system of
ISO/TR 15608:2017, Table 2.
Types of titanium and titanium alloys are listed in accordance with the grouping system of
ISO/TR 15608:2017, Table 5.
This document covers grouping systems for the following standardized materials:
— steels;
— aluminium and its alloys;
— titanium and its alloys.

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This document specifies requirements for the classification of solid wire electrodes, solid wires and rods for fusion welding of titanium and titanium alloys. The classification is based on their chemical composition. The compositions of solid wire electrodes for metal inert gas (MIG) welding are the same as solid wire electrodes, solid wires and rods for tungsten inert gas (TIG) arc welding, plasma arc welding, laser beam welding, and other fusion welding processes.

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This document provides a Japanese grouping system for materials for welding purposes, classified in accordance with the grouping system of ISO/TR 15608. It can also apply for other purposes, such as heat treatment, forming, and non-destructive testing. Types of steels are listed in accordance with the grouping system of ISO/TR 15608:2017, Table 1. Types of aluminium and aluminium alloys are listed in accordance with the grouping system of ISO/TR 15608:2017, Table 2. Types of titanium and titanium alloys are listed in accordance with the grouping system of ISO/TR 15608:2017, Table 5. This document covers grouping systems for the following standardized materials: — steels; — aluminium and its alloys; — titanium and its alloys.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of fluxes for submerged arc welding and
electroslag welding for joining and overlay welding using wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes,
and strip electrodes.
NOTE This document was based on EN 760:1996.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of solid wire electrodes, tubular cored
electrodes and electrode/flux combinations (all-weld metal deposits) for submerged arc welding of
creep resisting and low-alloy elevated-temperature application steels. One electrode can be tested
and classified with different fluxes. The solid wire electrode is also classified separately based on its
chemical composition.
This document is a combined specification providing a classification system based on either:
— the chemical composition of the solid wire electrode and all-weld metal deposit; or
— the tensile strength of the all-weld metal deposit and the chemical composition of the solid wire
electrode and all-weld metal deposit obtained with the electrode/flux combination.
a) Clauses, subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter “A” are applicable only to solid wire
electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and all-weld metal deposits classified in accordance with
the system based upon chemical composition.
b) Clauses, subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter “B” are applicable only to solid
wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and all-weld metal deposits classified in accordance
with the system based upon the tensile strength of all-weld metal deposits and the chemical
composition of solid wire electrodes and all-weld metal deposits.
c) Clauses, subclauses and tables which do not have either the suffix letter “A” or the suffix letter
“B” are applicable to all solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and electrode/flux
combinations classified under this document.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and electrode/flux combinations (all-weld metal deposits) for submerged arc welding of creep resisting and low-alloy elevated-temperature application steels. One electrode can be tested and classified with different fluxes. The solid wire electrode is also classified separately based on its chemical composition.
This document is a combined specification providing a classification system based on either:
— the chemical composition of the solid wire electrode and all-weld metal deposit; or
— the tensile strength of the all-weld metal deposit and the chemical composition of the solid wire electrode and all-weld metal deposit obtained with the electrode/flux combination.
Clauses, subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter "A" are applicable only to solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and all-weld metal deposits classified in accordance with the system based upon chemical composition.
Clauses, subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter "B" are applicable only to solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and all-weld metal deposits classified in accordance with the system based upon the tensile strength of all-weld metal deposits and the chemical composition of solid wire electrodes and all-weld metal deposits.
Clauses, subclauses and tables which do not have either the suffix letter "A" or the suffix letter "B" are applicable to all solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and electrode/flux combinations classified under this document.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of fluxes for submerged arc welding and electroslag welding for joining and overlay welding using wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes, and strip electrodes.
NOTE This document was based on EN 760:1996.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and electrode/flux combinations (all-weld metal deposits) for submerged arc welding of creep resisting and low-alloy elevated-temperature application steels. One electrode can be tested and classified with different fluxes. The solid wire electrode is also classified separately based on its chemical composition. This document is a combined specification providing a classification system based on either: — the chemical composition of the solid wire electrode and all-weld metal deposit; or — the tensile strength of the all-weld metal deposit and the chemical composition of the solid wire electrode and all-weld metal deposit obtained with the electrode/flux combination. Clauses, subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter "A" are applicable only to solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and all-weld metal deposits classified in accordance with the system based upon chemical composition. Clauses, subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter "B" are applicable only to solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and all-weld metal deposits classified in accordance with the system based upon the tensile strength of all-weld metal deposits and the chemical composition of solid wire electrodes and all-weld metal deposits. Clauses, subclauses and tables which do not have either the suffix letter "A" or the suffix letter "B" are applicable to all solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and electrode/flux combinations classified under this document.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of fluxes for submerged arc welding and electroslag welding for joining and overlay welding using wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes, and strip electrodes. NOTE This document was based on EN 760:1996.

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This document gives an overview of ISO documents for resistance welding. It covers the following processes: — resistance spot welding; — projection welding; — seam welding; — flash welding; — upset (resistance butt) welding.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of solid wires and rods for fusion welding
of copper and copper alloys. The classification of the solid wires and rods is based on their chemical
composition.

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This document specifies a classification for the designation of rods for gas welding of non‑alloy and
creep-resisting steels in terms of the chemical composition of the rod.

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This document specifies methods for the determination of the efficiency, weld metal recovery and deposition coefficient of covered electrodes.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of covered electrodes and deposited metal
in the as-welded condition and in the post-weld heat-treated condition for manual metal arc welding
of high-strength steels with a minimum yield strength greater than 500 MPa or a minimum tensile
strength greater than 570 MPa.
This document is a combined specification providing a classification utilizing a system based on the
yield strength and an average impact energy of 47 J of the all-weld metal, or utilizing a system based on
the tensile strength and an average impact energy of 27 J of the all-weld metal.
a) Subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter “A” are applicable only to covered electrodes
classified under the system based on the yield strength and an average impact energy of 47 J of the
all-weld metal given in this document.
b) Subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter “B” are applicable only to covered electrodes
classified under the system based on the tensile strength and an average impact energy of 27 J of
the all-weld metal given in this document.
c) Subclauses and tables which do not have either the suffix letter “A” or the suffix letter “B” are
applicable to all covered electrodes classified under this document.

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ISO 20378:2017 specifies a classification for the designation of rods for gas welding of non‑alloy and creep-resisting steels in terms of the chemical composition of the rod.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of covered electrodes and deposited metal in the as-welded condition and in the post-weld heat-treated condition for manual metal arc welding of high-strength steels with a minimum yield strength greater than 500 MPa or a minimum tensile strength greater than 570 MPa.
This document is a combined specification providing a classification utilizing a system based on the yield strength and an average impact energy of 47 J of the all-weld metal, or utilizing a system based on the tensile strength and an average impact energy of 27 J of the all-weld metal.
a) Subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter "A" are applicable only to covered electrodes classified under the system based on the yield strength and an average impact energy of 47 J of the all-weld metal given in this document.
b) Subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter "B" are applicable only to covered electrodes classified under the system based on the tensile strength and an average impact energy of 27 J of the all-weld metal given in this document.
c) Subclauses and tables which do not have either the suffix letter "A" or the suffix letter "B" are applicable to all covered electrodes classified under this document.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of solid wires and rods for fusion welding of copper and copper alloys. The classification of the solid wires and rods is based on their chemical composition.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of tubular flux and metal cored electrodes
and rods, based on the all-weld metal chemical composition, the type of core, shielding gas, welding
position and the all-weld metal mechanical properties, in the as-welded or heat-treated conditions, for
gas shielded and non-gas shielded metal arc welding of stainless and heat-resisting steels.
This document is a combined standard providing for classification utilizing a system based upon
nominal composition or utilizing a system based upon alloy type.
a) Clauses, subclauses, and tables which carry the suffix letter “A” are applicable only to products
classified using the system based upon nominal composition.
b) Clauses, subclauses, and tables which carry the suffix letter “B” are applicable only to products
classified using the system based upon alloy type.
c) Clauses, subclauses, and tables which do not have either the suffix letter “A” or the suffix letter “B”
are applicable to all products classified in accordance with this document.
This document does not use pulsed current for determining the product classification.

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This document provides an American grouping system for materials for welding purposes, classified
in accordance with the grouping system of ISO/TR 15608. A number of Canadian, Australian and New
Zealand materials commonly used in North America are also included.
It can also apply for other purposes, such as heat treatment, forming, and non-destructive testing. Types
of steels are listed in accordance with the grouping system of ISO/TR 15608:2017, Table 1.
This document covers grouping systems for the following standardized materials:
— steel;
— aluminium and its alloys;
— nickel and its alloys;
— copper and its alloys;
— titanium and its alloys;
— zirconium and its alloys;
— cast irons.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of solid wire electrodes, tubular cored
electrodes, and electrode-flux combinations (the all-weld metal deposits) in the as-welded condition
and in the post-weld heat-treated condition for submerged arc welding of high strength steels with a
minimum yield strength greater than 500 MPa or a minimum tensile strength greater than 570 MPa.
One flux can be tested and classified with different electrodes. One electrode can be tested and
classified with different fluxes. The solid wire electrode is also classified separately based on its
chemical composition.
This document is a combined specification providing for classification utilizing a system based on the
yield strength and average impact energy of 47 J for the all-weld metal, or utilizing a system based on
the tensile strength and average impact energy of 27 J for the all-weld metal.
a) Clauses, subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter “A” are applicable only to solid wire
electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and the all-weld metal deposits classified to the system based
on the yield strength and the average impact energy of 47 J for the all-weld metal obtained with
electrode-flux combinations in accordance with this document.
b) Clauses, subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter “B” are applicable only to solid wire
electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and the all-weld metal deposits classified to the system based
on the tensile strength and the average impact energy of 27 J for the all-weld metal obtained with
electrode-flux combinations in accordance with this document.
c) Clauses, subclauses and tables which do not have either the suffix letter “A” or the suffix letter “B”
are applicable to all solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and electrode-flux combinations
classified in accordance with this document.
For comparison purposes, some tables include requirements for electrodes classified in accordance with
both systems, placing individual electrodes from the two systems, which are similar in composition and
properties, on adjacent lines in the particular table. In a particular line of the table that is mandatory in
one system, the symbol for the similar electrode from the other system is indicated in parentheses. By
appropriate restriction of the formulation of a particular electrode, it is often, but not always, possible
to produce an electrode that can be classified in both systems, in which case the electrode, or its
packaging, can be marked with the classification in either or both systems.

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This document specifies methods for the determination of the efficiency, weld metal recovery and deposition coefficient of covered electrodes.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of covered electrodes and deposited metal in the as-welded condition and in the post-weld heat-treated condition for manual metal arc welding of high-strength steels with a minimum yield strength greater than 500 MPa or a minimum tensile strength greater than 570 MPa. This document is a combined specification providing a classification utilizing a system based on the yield strength and an average impact energy of 47 J of the all-weld metal, or utilizing a system based on the tensile strength and an average impact energy of 27 J of the all-weld metal. a) Subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter "A" are applicable only to covered electrodes classified under the system based on the yield strength and an average impact energy of 47 J of the all-weld metal given in this document. b) Subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter "B" are applicable only to covered electrodes classified under the system based on the tensile strength and an average impact energy of 27 J of the all-weld metal given in this document. c) Subclauses and tables which do not have either the suffix letter "A" or the suffix letter "B" are applicable to all covered electrodes classified under this document.

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This document provides an American grouping system for materials for welding purposes, classified in accordance with the grouping system of ISO/TR 15608. A number of Canadian, Australian and New Zealand materials commonly used in North America are also included.
It can also apply for other purposes, such as heat treatment, forming, and non-destructive testing. Types of steels are listed in accordance with the grouping system of ISO/TR 15608:2017, Table 1.
This document covers grouping systems for the following standardized materials:
— steel;
— aluminium and its alloys;
— nickel and its alloys;
— copper and its alloys;
— titanium and its alloys;
— zirconium and its alloys;
— cast irons.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of solid wires and rods for fusion welding of copper and copper alloys. The classification of the solid wires and rods is based on their chemical composition.

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This document specifies methods for the determination of the efficiency, weld metal recovery and deposition coefficient of covered electrodes.

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This document provides an American grouping system for materials for welding purposes, classified in accordance with the grouping system of ISO/TR 15608. A number of Canadian, Australian and New Zealand materials commonly used in North America are also included. It can also apply for other purposes, such as heat treatment, forming, and non-destructive testing. Types of steels are listed in accordance with the grouping system of ISO/TR 15608:2017, Table 1. This document covers grouping systems for the following standardized materials: — steel; — aluminium and its alloys; — nickel and its alloys; — copper and its alloys; — titanium and its alloys; — zirconium and its alloys; — cast irons.

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ISO 26304:2017 specifies requirements for classification of solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes, and electrode-flux combinations (the all-weld metal deposits) in the as-welded condition and in the post-weld heat-treated condition for submerged arc welding of high strength steels with a minimum yield strength greater than 500 MPa or a minimum tensile strength greater than 570 MPa. One flux can be tested and classified with different electrodes. One electrode can be tested and classified with different fluxes. The solid wire electrode is also classified separately based on its chemical composition.
This document is a combined specification providing for classification utilizing a system based on the yield strength and average impact energy of 47 J for the all-weld metal, or utilizing a system based on the tensile strength and average impact energy of 27 J for the all-weld metal.
a) Clauses, subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter "A" are applicable only to solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and the all-weld metal deposits classified to the system based on the yield strength and the average impact energy of 47 J for the all-weld metal obtained with electrode-flux combinations in accordance with this document.
b) Clauses, subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter "B" are applicable only to solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and the all-weld metal deposits classified to the system based on the tensile strength and the average impact energy of 27 J for the all-weld metal obtained with electrode-flux combinations in accordance with this document.
c) Clauses, subclauses and tables which do not have either the suffix letter "A" or the suffix letter "B" are applicable to all solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and electrode-flux combinations classified in accordance with this document.
For comparison purposes, some tables include requirements for electrodes classified in accordance with both systems, placing individual electrodes from the two systems, which are similar in composition and properties, on adjacent lines in the particular table. In a particular line of the table that is mandatory in one system, the symbol for the similar electrode from the other system is indicated in parentheses. By appropriate restriction of the formulation of a particular electrode, it is often, but not always, possible to produce an electrode that can be classified in both systems, in which case the electrode, or its packaging, can be marked with the classification in either or both systems.

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ISO 17633:2017 specifies requirements for classification of tubular flux and metal cored electrodes and rods, based on the all-weld metal chemical composition, the type of core, shielding gas, welding position and the all-weld metal mechanical properties, in the as-welded or heat-treated conditions, for gas shielded and non-gas shielded metal arc welding of stainless and heat-resisting steels.
ISO 17633:2017 is a combined standard providing for classification utilizing a system based upon nominal composition or utilizing a system based upon alloy type.
a) Clauses, subclauses, and tables which carry the suffix letter "A" are applicable only to products classified using the system based upon nominal composition.
b) Clauses, subclauses, and tables which carry the suffix letter "B" are applicable only to products classified using the system based upon alloy type.
c) Clauses, subclauses, and tables which do not have either the suffix letter "A" or the suffix letter "B" are applicable to all products classified in accordance with this document.
ISO 17633:2017 does not use pulsed current for determining the product classification.

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ISO/TR 22281:2018, based on round robin tests for chemical analysis conducted within IIW, considers interlaboratory reproducibility of measurement of trace element concentrations in steel and weld metals, and offers guidance in respect to application of accept/reject criteria in welding filler metal procurement as can be applied using, for example, ISO 14344 or API RP 934-A.

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This document specifies technical delivery conditions for filler materials and fluxes for fusion welding.
This document does not apply to other auxiliary materials such as shielding gases.

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This European Standard specifies product characteristics and related test/assessment methods for filler materials (welding consumables as defined in ISO/TR 25901) and fluxes.
This standard does not cover shielding gases and ceramic backings (as defined in ISO/TR 25901).

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This document specifies requirements for classification of covered electrodes, based on the all-weld
metal in the heat-treated condition, for manual metal arc welding of ferritic and martensitic creepresisting
and low alloy elevated temperature steels.
This document is a combined specification for classification utilizing a system based upon the chemical
composition of the all-weld metal, with requirements for the yield strength and impact energy of the
all-weld metal, or utilizing a system based upon the tensile strength and the chemical composition of
the all-weld metal.
a) Paragraphs and tables which carry the suffix letter “A” are applicable only to electrodes classified
to the system based upon chemical composition, with requirements for the yield strength and
impact energy of the all-weld metal under this document.
b) Paragraphs and tables which carry the suffix letter “B” are applicable only to electrodes classified
to the system based upon the tensile strength and the chemical composition of all-weld metal under
this document.
c) Paragraphs and tables which do not have either the suffix letter “A” or the suffix letter “B” are
applicable to all covered electrodes classified under this document.
For comparison purposes, some tables include requirements for electrodes classified according to both
systems, placing individual electrodes from the two systems, which are similar in composition and
properties, on adjacent lines in the particular table. In a particular line of the table that is mandatory in
one system, the symbol for the similar electrode from the other system is indicated in parentheses. By
appropriate restriction of the formulation of a particular electrode, it is often, but not always, possible
to produce an electrode that can be classified in both systems, in which case the electrode, and/or its
packaging, can be marked with the classification in either or both systems.

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This document specifies requirements for classification of rods and wires in the as-welded condition
and in the post-weld heat-treated condition for tungsten inert gas welding of non-alloy and fine-grain
steels with a minimum yield strength of up to 500 MPa or a minimum tensile strength of up to 570 MPa.
This document is a combined specification providing classification utilizing a system based upon the
yield strength and the average impact energy of 47 J of all-weld metal or utilizing a system based upon
the tensile strength and the average impact energy of 27 J of all-weld metal.
a) Paragraphs and tables which carry the suffix letter “A” are applicable only to rods and wires
classified to the system based upon the yield strength and the average impact energy of 47 J of allweld
metal in accordance with this document.
b) Paragraphs and tables which carry the suffix letter “B” are applicable only to rods and wires
classified to the system based upon the tensile strength and the average impact energy of 27 J of
all-weld metal in accordance with this document.
c) Paragraphs and tables which have neither the suffix letter “A” nor the suffix letter “B” are applicable
to all rods and wires classified in accordance with this document.

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ISO 544:2017 specifies technical delivery conditions for filler materials and fluxes for fusion welding.
ISO 544:2017 does not apply to other auxiliary materials such as shielding gases.

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ISO 26304:2017 specifies requirements for classification of solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes, and electrode-flux combinations (the all-weld metal deposits) in the as-welded condition and in the post-weld heat-treated condition for submerged arc welding of high strength steels with a minimum yield strength greater than 500 MPa or a minimum tensile strength greater than 570 MPa. One flux can be tested and classified with different electrodes. One electrode can be tested and classified with different fluxes. The solid wire electrode is also classified separately based on its chemical composition. This document is a combined specification providing for classification utilizing a system based on the yield strength and average impact energy of 47 J for the all-weld metal, or utilizing a system based on the tensile strength and average impact energy of 27 J for the all-weld metal. a) Clauses, subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter "A" are applicable only to solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and the all-weld metal deposits classified to the system based on the yield strength and the average impact energy of 47 J for the all-weld metal obtained with electrode-flux combinations in accordance with this document. b) Clauses, subclauses and tables which carry the suffix letter "B" are applicable only to solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and the all-weld metal deposits classified to the system based on the tensile strength and the average impact energy of 27 J for the all-weld metal obtained with electrode-flux combinations in accordance with this document. c) Clauses, subclauses and tables which do not have either the suffix letter "A" or the suffix letter "B" are applicable to all solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and electrode-flux combinations classified in accordance with this document. For comparison purposes, some tables include requirements for electrodes classified in accordance with both systems, placing individual electrodes from the two systems, which are similar in composition and properties, on adjacent lines in the particular table. In a particular line of the table that is mandatory in one system, the symbol for the similar electrode from the other system is indicated in parentheses. By appropriate restriction of the formulation of a particular electrode, it is often, but not always, possible to produce an electrode that can be classified in both systems, in which case the electrode, or its packaging, can be marked with the classification in either or both systems.

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