This document specifies spectroscopic ellipsometry for the determination of optical properties (refractive index n and extinction coefficient k) and the optical classification of different types of amorphous carbon films within the n-k plane. It is applicable to amorphous carbon films deposited by ionized evaporation, sputtering, arc deposition, plasma-assisted chemical vapour deposition, hot filament techniques and others. It does not apply to carbon films modified with metals or silicon, amorphous carbon films that have a gradient of composition/property in the thickness, paints and varnishes.

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This document describes the electrical contact resistance testing method applicable to conductive and non-conductive coatings applied on test specimens made of conductive materials (unless otherwise specified) for aerospace applications. An objective of this practice is to define and control many of the known variables in such a way that valid comparisons of the contact properties of materials can be made.This test may be locally destructive depending on the process tested.

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This document describes the electrical contact resistance testing method applicable to conductive and non-conductive coatings applied on test specimens made of conductive materials (unless otherwise specified) for aerospace applications. An objective of this practice is to define and control many of the known variables in such a way that valid comparisons of the contact properties of materials can be made.
This test may be locally destructive depending on the process tested.

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This document specifies a quantitative method for the measurement of adhesive strength of metallic and other inorganic coatings applied to metallic, polymer and glass substrates.
Typical coatings for which this document applies are metallic coatings such as aluminium, copper, nickel, nickel plus chromium, silver, tin, tin-nickel alloys, zinc, gold as well as other inorganic coatings such as oxides or nitrides, e.g. of aluminium, indium and indium-tin, silicon, niobium, titanium, tungsten, zirconium and others.
This document does not apply to certain hot dip, spray and mechanical coatings, for which other standards may apply, e.g. EN ISO 14916 or EN ISO 4624.
The measurement is valid if the cohesion and adhesion properties of the adhesive are higher than those of the coating subjected to test.

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ISO 21809-1:2011 specifies requirements of plant-applied external three-layer polyethylene- and polypropylene-based coatings for corrosion protection of welded and seamless steel pipes for pipeline transportation systems in the petroleum and natural gas industries in accordance with ISO 13623.
Pipes coated in accordance with ISO 21809-1:2011 are considered suitable for further protection by means of cathodic protection.

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This European Standard specifies the agreements to be made between the client, the galvanizer / sherardizer, the chemical suppliers and the applicators of the pre-treatment and the powder organic coating systems (if they are not one and the same). It also specifies the quality of the galvanized or sherardized articles to which the powder organic coatings are to be applied and for the pre-treatment and powder organic coatings intended for application to the galvanized or sherardized articles.
This standard applies to the application of hot dip galvanized, sherardized and powder organic coatings by controlled industrial processes to articles consisting of or manufactured from steel. The standard applies to hot dip galvanized products, galvanized in accordance with EN ISO 1461 and EN 10240 or products sherardized in accordance with EN ISO 17668, as well as parts of these products manufactured from continuously galvanized sheet and strip galvanized in accordance with EN 10346, which, after the galvanizing and/or assembly, or sherardizing, will have a powder organic coating system applied. This standard also applies to products which have been hot dip galvanized or sherardized according to specific product standards to which powder organic systems are applied.
This standard might also be useful when supplying other organic coating systems (excluding wet paint systems).

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This European Standard specifies trivalent chromium based chemical conversion coatings for aluminium
and aluminium alloys. It covers the application by bath but also by touch-up. It doesn’t give complete
in-house process instructions; these shall be given in the manufacturers detailed process instructions.

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This document specifies the requirements for qualification, application, testing and handling of
materials required for the application of reinforced concrete coating externally to either bare pipe or
pre-coated pipe for use in pipeline transportation systems for the petroleum and natural gas industries
as defined in ISO 13623.
The external application of concrete is primarily used for the negative buoyancy of pipes used in buried
or submerged pipeline systems and/or for the mechanical protection of the pipe and its pre-coating.
This document is applicable to concrete thicknesses of 25 mm or greater.

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This European Standard specifies trivalent chromium based chemical conversion coatings for aluminium and aluminium alloys. It covers the application by bath but also by touch-up. It doesn’t give complete in house process instructions; these shall be given in the manufacturers detailed process instructions.

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ISO 20523:2017 specifies classification, designations and short names for carbon based films. These are films in which carbon is the predominant constituent part and which are deposited by physical vapour deposition (PVD) or chemical vapour deposition (CVD) process. This includes amorphous carbon-based films, also called diamond-like carbon films (DLC), as well as CVD diamond films, graphite and polymer-like films. ISO 20523:2017 is applicable to those films which are produced on an industrial scale. Additional carbon based films are under development. ISO 20523:2017 refers to the material of carbon based films. It does not refer to the entire coating that can consist of a main functional layer with additional layers below or on top. A layer can change in composition and/or material property over its thickness. Such layers are called gradient layers. The definitions in this document refer to non-gradient layers. A carbon based film can include other elements like hydrogen, metal elements or others. Metal constituents can be included as metal carbides. Films with additional elements are only covered by this document if carbon is the predominant constituent part. Carbon incorporated as carbide, as can be present in metal-containing amorphous carbon films (a-C:Me, a-C:H:Me), does not count to this amount. ISO 20523:2017 does not apply to the class of carbon materials such as fullerenes, carbon nanotubes and graphene.

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ISO 20267:2017 specifies a method for measuring the interfacial toughness of thermal spray ceramic coatings at room temperature based on an indentation method. The interfacial toughness is calculated from the mean length of cracks emanating from the corners of the impression induced by a Vickers hardness tester, and it is intended for use with ceramic coatings with a single layer or multilayers. The test procedures proposed in this document are intended for use in an ambient environment. ISO 20267:2017 is recommended for thermal spray ceramic coatings such as thermal barrier coatings, wear resistant coatings and electrical insulating coatings.

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This part of ISO 21809 specifies requirements for field joint coating of seamless or welded steel pipes for pipeline transportation systems in the petroleum and natural gas industries as defined in ISO 13623. This part of ISO 21809 specifies the qualification, application and testing of the corrosion protection coatings applied to steel surfaces left bare after the pipes and fittings (components) are joined by welding.
This part of ISO 21809 does not address additional mechanical protection, thermal insulation or joint infills for concrete weight-coated pipes.
This part of ISO 21809 defines and codifies the different types of field joint coatings for buried or submerged pipelines as presented in Table 1.
NOTE Pipes coated in accordance with this part of ISO 21809 are considered suitable for further protection by means of cathodic protection.

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This International Standard describes a method of measuring the fracture strain of ceramic coatings by means of uniaxial tension or compression tests coupled with acoustic emission to monitor the onset of cracking of the coating. Tensile or compressive strains can also be applied by flexure using four-point bending. Measurements can be made in favourable cases at elevated temperatures as well as at room temperature.

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This International Standard describes a method of testing ceramic coatings by scratching with a diamond stylus. During a test, either a constant or increasing force normal to the surface under test is applied to the stylus so as to promote adhesive and/or cohesive failure of the coating-substrate system. The test method is suitable for evaluating ceramic coatings up to a thickness of 20 μm and might also be suitable for evaluating other coating types and thicknesses.
The International Standard is intended for use in the macro (1 to 100 N) force range. The procedures may also be applicable to other force ranges. However, appropriate calibration is essential if the normal forces at which failure occurs are to be quantified.

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This International Standard specifies a method for the determination of the thickness of ceramic coatings by a crater-grinding method, which includes the grinding of a spherical cavity and subsequent microscopic examination of the crater.
Because of the uncertainty introduced into the measurement of crater dimensions, the test is not suitable for use where the surface roughness of the coating and/or substrate exceeds 20 % of the coating thickness.

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This International Standard specifies a method for the qualitative evaluation of the adhesion of ceramic coatings up to 20 µm thick by indentation with a Rockwell diamond indenter. The formation of cracks after indentation may also reveal cohesive failure. The indentations are made with a Rockwell hardness test instrument.
The method described in this International Standard may also be suitable for evaluating the adhesion of metallic coatings.
The test is not suitable for elastic coatings on hard substrates.

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This International Standard specifies a method for the determination of the film thickness of a fine ceramic film and ceramic coatings by a contact-probe profilometer. The method is suitable for film thicknesses in the range of 10 nm to 10 000 nm.

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This International Standard specifies a method for measuring the abrasive wear rate of ceramic coatings by means of a micro-scale abrasion wear test based on the well-known crater-grinding technique used for coating thickness determination in ISO 26423[11].
The method can provide data on both coating and substrate wear rates, either by performing two separate tests or by careful analysis of the data from a single test series.
The method can be applied to samples with planar or non-planar surfaces, but the results analysis described in Clause 9 applies only to flat samples. For non-planar samples, a more complicated analysis, possibly requiring the use of numerical methods, is required.

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This International Standard specifies the minimum requirements for surface preparation, materials,
application, inspection and testing of internal coating lining systems that are intended to be applied on
internal surfaces of steel storage tanks of crude oil, hydrocarbons and water for corrosion protection.
It covers both new construction and maintenance works of tank internal coating and lining as well as
the repair of defective and deteriorated systems.
This International Standard also provides the minimum requirements for shop performance testing of
the coated/lined samples and the criteria for their approval.

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Subsea pipelines (or flow lines) and subsea structures usually need to be thermally
insulated to avoid, for instance, hydrate formation.
Such coatings are commercially available and fall into the following general families:
- Polypropylene
- Polyurethane
- Epoxy and phenolic
- Rubber
At the moment, no national or international standard addresses these types of coatings.
Only company specifications are dealing with that issue. These coatings are more and
more being used for the offshore deep sea developments, and we strongly believe there is a need now for international standardization on the subject to ensure the whole industry with a minimum level of quality, since we see cases of premature failures of such coating systems.

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This part of ISO 21809 specifies the requirements for qualification, application, testing and handling of
materials for plant application of single layer fusion-bonded epoxy (FBE) coatings applied externally for
the corrosion protection of bare steel pipe for use in pipeline transportation systems for the petroleum
and natural gas industries as defined in ISO 13623.

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This European Standard describes a method for evaluating the wear of ceramic coatings by use of a test in which a flat or spherically ended pin is brought, under load, into contact with the flat surface of a disk and the two are set in relative motion such that the pin describes a circular path on the disk. Depending on the conditions being simulated, either the pin or disk or both may be coated with the material under test, with the other member of the couple being selected for its relevance to the system under evaluation. Where suitable equipment is available, the test may be used to determine the friction generated in the sliding contact. The method is suitable for evaluating coatings in the thickness range from 1 μm to more than 100 μm, and with suitable choice of conditions might also be applicable to testing thinner coatings. Testing may be under either dry or lubricated conditions. However, the test is not designed for evaluating the properties of lubricants except insofar as they affect the wear behaviour of the materials being tested. Related methods for testing lubricants using a reciprocating motion are given in references [4] - [6]. Testing a materials couple under a range of loading conditions might provide information about the adhesive and/or cohesive strength of the coating, in addition to its wear behaviour.

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This European Standard describes a method for evaluating the wear of ceramic coatings by use of a reciprocating wear test whereby a flat or spherically ended pin is reciprocated, under load, against a flat plate. Depending on the conditions being simulated, either the pin or plate or both may be coated with the material under test, with the other member of the couple being selected for its relevance to the system under evaluation. The method described is considered to be not suitable for evaluating fretting wear. The method is intended for evaluating coatings with a thickness of more than 1 μm, though might also be used for testing thinner coatings. The test may be carried out under either dry or lubricated conditions. However, the test is not designed for evaluating the properties of lubricants except insofar as they affect the wear behaviour of the materials being tested. Related methods for testing lubricants using reciprocating motion are given in references [4] - [6]. Testing a materials couple under a range of loading conditions might provide information about the adhesive and/or cohesive strength of the coating, in addition to its wear behaviour.

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This document specifies a method of measuring the thickness of ceramic coatings by means of examination of a metallographically prepared cross-section of the coating in a calibrated optical or scanning electron microscope. It draws strongly on EN ISO 9220 [8], modifying and updating as required to be relevant to ceramic coatings and current best practice.

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This document specifies a method of measuring the thickness of ceramic coatings by means of examination of a metallographically prepared cross-section of the coating in a calibrated optical or scanning electron microscope. It draws strongly on EN ISO 9220 [8], modifying and updating as required to be relevant to ceramic coatings and current best practice.

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This European Standard describes methods for chemical analysis of ceramic coatings by means of electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) or an electron probe microanalyser.
The methods described are limited to the examination of single layer coatings when the analysis is carried out normal to the sample surface, but graded and multilayer coatings may also be analysed in cross-section if the thickness of the individual layers or gradations are greater than the maximum width of the volume of material within which characteristic or fluorescent X-rays are generated.
NOTE   This method can also be used for the analysis of bulk materials.

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This Technical Specification specifies a method for the determination of the internal stress in thin ceramic coatings by application of the Stoney formula to the results obtained from measurement of the radius of curvature of coated strips or discs.

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ISO - Taking over of an ISO Technical Corrigendum
ISO modifications needed in the German version as well.
BSI/ÖN confirmed no need for corrigendum

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This European Standard specifies requirements for cement mortar linings for protecting the internal surface of steel tubes and pipeline components. It also specifies requirements for their application. It is applicable to the linings of tubes that have been welded longitudinally or spirally, seamless tubes and non-alloy steel components used for fluid transportation. This European Standard does not cover in situ applied or rehabilitation linings.
This type of lining is used in particular in the transport and distribution, under pressure or by gravity, of water intended for human consumption and industrial use, and also in fire extinguishing and waste water systems. The temperature of the water transported should not exceed 50 °C. Higher working temperature can be used by agreement of the parties.
The constituent materials of cement mortar lining, when used under the conditions for which they are designed, in permanent or temporary contact with water intended for human consumption, shall not change the quality of that water to such an extent that it fails to comply with the requirements of European regulations. For this purpose, reference shall be made to the relevant national standards transposing EN standards when available, dealing with the influence of materials on water quality.

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ISO 16348:2003 specifies appearance and its associated terms and outlines the principles involved in validating appearance when it is specified as a requirement of metallic and other inorganic coatings.

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IEC 61010-2-061:2015 applies to electrically powered laboratory atomic spectrometers with thermal atomization. It has the status of a group safety publication in accordance with IEC Guide 104. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2003. It constitutes a technical revision and includes the following change from the second edition:
- exclusion of equipment, whose size and weight make unintentional movement unlikely, from the drop test in Clause 8.
- notes have been re-phrased according to ISO/IEC Directives.

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This International Standard specifies requirements for epoxy powders for use in preparing fusion-bonded epoxycoated steel reinforcing bar, wire and welded fabric. This International Standard also includes requirements for sealing material used to repair damaged areas and cut ends on reinforcing steel. This International Standard defines a flexible (type A) coating and a nonflexible (type B) coating. The adhesion and moisture resistance of fusion-bonded epoxy powder coatings can be enhanced by certain formulation designs. These coating enhancements typically result in a reduction of the coating's flexibility.

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Specifies the test solution, the apparatus and the procedure for a saline droplets corrosion test. Is suitable for detecting defests and discontinuities. It is also suitable for chemical or electrochemical conversion coatings. Is not suitable for testing coatings intended for the more severe types of service. The type and number of test specimens, the exposure periods to be used for a particular product and the interpretaiton of results are not specified.

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Specifies the reagent, the apparatus and the procedure for assessment of the quality of metallic and related coatings by the Corrodkode procedure. The method is primarily applicable to copper-nickel-chromium or nickel-chromium electroplated parts.

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Gives guidance on methods of corrosion testing of protective metallic, conversion and other non-organic coatings, with or without additive protection, in heated und unheated storage rooms in all microclimates with or without control of climatic parameters. Specimens and articles may be tested separately or in bilk, and with protective wrappings.

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Specifies a method for assessing the resistance of materials or products to condensed moisture containing sulfur dioxids. The method has been found to be suitable for testing metallic and non-organic coatings. Gives apparatus and material, test specimens, methods of exposure, procedure, test duration, cleaning of specimens, evaluation of results and test report.

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This European Standard specifies the application and related testing of the corrosion protection coatings applied to steel surfaces left bare after the tubes and fittings (components) are joined by welding.
It defines the different types of coatings for buried and immersed pipelines defined in Table 1.
This European Standard applies to seamless or welded steel tubes used in the construction of pipelines for the conveyance of fluids.
Components coated with this type of coating may be further protected by means of cathodic protection.

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This European Standard specifies a quantitative method for the measurement of adhesion of metallic and related inorganic coatings applied to metallic surfaces.  Typical coatings for which this European Standard applies are copper, nickel, nickel plus chromium, silver, tin, tin-nickel alloys, zinc, gold.  This European Standard does not apply to certain hot dip and spray coatings.

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This part of ISO 21809 specifies requirements of plant-applied external three-layer polyethylene- and polypropylene-based coatings for corrosion protection of welded and seamless steel pipes for pipeline transportation systems in the petroleum and natural gas industries in accordance with ISO 13623.

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This European Standard specifies the agreements to be made between the client, the galvanizer / sherardizer,
the chemical suppliers and the applicators of the pre-treatment and the powder organic coating systems (if
they are not one and the same). It also specifies the quality of the galvanized or sherardized articles to which
the powder organic coatings are to be applied and for the pre-treatment and powder organic coatings intended
for application to the galvanized or sherardized articles.
This standard applies to the application of hot dip galvanized, sherardized and powder organic coatings by
controlled industrial processes to articles consisting of or manufactured from steel. The standard applies to hot
dip galvanized products, galvanized in accordance with EN ISO 1461 and EN 10240 or products sherardized
in accordance with EN 13811, as well as parts of these products manufactured from continuously galvanized
sheet and strip galvanized in accordance with EN 10326 or EN 10327, which, after the galvanizing and/or
assembly, or sherardizing, will have a powder organic coating system applied. This standard also applies to
products which have been hot dip galvanized or sherardized according to specific product standards to which
powder organic systems are applied.
This standard might also be useful when supplying other organic coating systems (excluding wet paint
systems).

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This part of ISO 21809 specifies the requirements for qualification, application, testing and handling of materials required for the application of reinforced concrete coating externally to either bare pipe or pre-coated pipe for use in pipeline transportation systems for the petroleum and natural gas industries as defined in ISO 13623. The external application of concrete is primarily used for the negative buoyancy of pipes used in buried or submerged pipeline systems and/or for the mechanical protection of the pipe and its pre-coating. This part of ISO 21809 is applicable to concrete thicknesses of 25 mm or greater.

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This part of EN 1071 describes a method of measuring the fracture strain of ceramic coatings by means of uniaxial tension or compression tests coupled with acoustic emission to monitor the onset of cracking of the coating. Tensile or compressive strains can also be applied by flexure using four-point bending. Measurements can be made in favourable cases at elevated temperatures as well as at room temperature.

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This part of EN 1071 specifies a method for measuring the abrasive wear rate of ceramic coatings by means of a micro-scale abrasion wear test, based on the well known crater grinding technique used for film thickness determination (see EN 1071-2).
This method can provide data on both film and substrate wear rates, either by performing two separate tests or by careful analysis of data from a single test series.
The test method can be applied to samples with planar or non-planar surfaces but the analysis described in clause 9 applies only to flat samples. For non-planar samples, a more complicated analysis, possibly requiring the use of numerical methods, is required.

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This Part of EN 1071 describes a method of testing ceramic coatings by scratching with a loaded diamond stylus so as to promote adhesive and/or cohesive failure of the coating-substrate system. The test is suitable for evaluating ceramic coatings up to a thickness of 20 µm and can also be suitable for evaluating other coating types and thicknesses. The test is intended for use with specimens of limited surface roughness.
This European Standard is intended for use in the macro (1 N - 100 N) load range. The procedures can also be applicable to other load ranges. However, appropriate calibration is essential if the normal loads at which failure events occur are to be quantified.

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This document specifies a method for the evaluation of the adhesion of ceramic coatings by indentation with a Rockwell diamond indenter.  The formation of cracks after indentation may also reveal cohesive failure.  The indentations are made with a Rockwell hardness test instrument.
The method described in this document may also be suitable for evaluating the adhesion of metallic coatings.

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This part of this European Standard specifies a method for the determination of the thickness of ceramic coatings by a crater grinding method which includes the grinding of a spherical cavity and subsequent microscopic examination of the crater.
NOTE   An alternative measurement of thickness, using a contact probe profilometer, is specified in EN 1071 1.

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This part of this European Standard specifies a method for the determination of the thickness of ceramic coatings by measurement of the step height using a contact probe profilometer.
NOTE   An alternative measurement of thickness, using a crater grinding method, is specified in ENV 1071 2.

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