IEC 62282-7-2:2021 applies to SOFC cell/stack assembly units, testing systems, instruments and measuring methods, and specifies test methods to test the performance of SOFC cells and stacks. This document is not applicable to small button cells that are designed for SOFC material testing and provide no practical means of fuel utilization measurement. This document is used based on the recommendation of the entity that provides the cell performance specification or for acquiring data on a cell or stack in order to estimate the performance of a system based on it. Users of this document can selectively execute test items suitable for their purposes from those described in this document. This first edition cancels and replaces IEC TS 62282-7-2 published in 2014. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to IEC TS 62282­7-2:2014:
- users can substitute selected test methods of this document with equivalent test methods of IEC 62282-8-101 for solid oxide cell (SOC) operation for energy storage purposes, operated in reverse or reversible mode;
- terms and definitions are aligned with the corresponding terms and definitions in IEC 62282-8-101;
- symbols are aligned with the corresponding symbols in IEC 62282-8-101.

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IEC TS 62282-9-102:2021 provides a set of specific rules, requirements and guidelines (i.e. so-called product category rules (PCR) according to ISO 14025 and thus in line with ISO 14040 and ISO 14044) for characterizing the environmental performance of stationary fuel cell combined heat and power (CHP) systems, and alternative systems for residential applications based on life cycle thinking primarily for communication to consumers.
This document covers stationary fuel cell CHP systems and alternative heat (and power) systems for residential applications that primarily serve heating purposes. The systems can be complemented with a hot water storage tank and one or more additional heat generators. The systems are connected to the electricity grid. The environmental performance is characterized in an EPD for each individual heat-related device or CHP generator separately. This document also describes how the environmental performance of a given combination of heat-related devices (including CHP generators) is characterized based on the environmental performance of its individual components. The domestic heat distribution system, district heating, or local infrastructures for fuel supply or for fuel storage are not considered

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IEC TS 62282-9-101:2020 provides a streamlined methodology to assess major environmental impacts of stationary fuel cell power systems for residential applications. The fuel cell power systems can be complemented with a supplementary heat generator and/or a thermal storage system such as a hot water tank. The analysis can include the import of electricity from the grid or the export to the grid. The analysed systems are intended to meet the electricity and heat demand of a given household.
This document provides a set of specific rules, requirements and guidelines based on life cycle thinking for the description of relevant environmental impacts of fuel cell power systems that can be complemented with a supplementary heat generator or a thermal storage system. This document also provides guidance on how to communicate these environmental impacts to consumers.

  • Technical specification
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This part of IEC 62282 provides safety related requirements for construction, operation under
normal and abnormal conditions and the testing of fuel cell modules. It applies to fuel cell
modules with the following electrolyte chemistry:
• alkaline;
• polymer electrolyte (including direct methanol fuel cells)2;
• phosphoric acid;
• molten carbonate;
• solid oxide;
• aqueous solution of salts.
Fuel cell modules can be provided with or without an enclosure and can be operated at
significant pressurization levels or close to ambient pressure.
This document deals with conditions that can yield hazards to persons and cause damage
outside the fuel cell modules. Protection against damage inside the fuel cell modules is not
addressed in this document, provided it does not lead to hazards outside the module.
These requirements can be superseded by other standards for equipment containing fuel cell
modules as required for particular applications.
This document does not cover fuel cell road vehicle applications.
This document is not intended to limit or inhibit technological advancement. An appliance
employing materials or having forms of construction differing from those detailed in the
requirements of this document can be examined and tested according to the purpose of these
requirements and, if found to be substantially equivalent, can be considered to comply with
this document.
The fuel cell modules are components of final products. These products require evaluation
according to appropriate end-product safety requirements.
This document covers only up to the DC output of the fuel cell module.
This document does not apply to peripheral devices as illustrated in Figure 1.
This document does not cover the storage and delivery of fuel and oxidant to the fuel cell
module.

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EN-IEC 62282-8-101 addresses solid oxide cell (SOC) and stack assembly unit(s). It providesfor testing systems, instruments and measuring methods to test the performance of SOCcell/stack assembly units for energy storage purposes. It assesses performance in fuel cellmode, in electrolysis mode and/or in reversible operation.This document is not applicable to small button cells that are designed for SOC material testingand provide no practical means of reactant utilization measurement, or to single-chamber SOC.This document is not intended to be applied to fuel cell/stack assembly units for powergeneration purposes only, since this is covered in IEC TS 62282-7-2. Therefore, test methodsare not included in this document that are applicable to fuel cell mode only and that are alreadydescribed in IEC TS 62282-7-2.This document is intended for data exchanges in commercial transactions between cell/stackmanufacturers and system developers or for acquiring data on a cell or stack in order to estimatethe performance of a system based on it. Users of this document may selectively execute testitems suitable for their purposes from those described in this document. Users can alsosubstitute selected test methods of this document with equivalent test methods of IEC TS62282-7-2 for SOC operation in fuel cell mode only.

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IEC 62282-2-100:2020 provides safety related requirements for construction, operation under normal and abnormal conditions and the testing of fuel cell modules. This document deals with conditions that can yield hazards to persons and cause damage outside the fuel cell modules. Protection against damage inside the fuel cell modules is not addressed in this document, provided it does not lead to hazards outside the module. These requirements can be superseded by other standards for equipment containing fuel cell modules as required for particular applications.
This first edition cancels and replaces IEC 62282-2, published in 2012. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to IEC 62282­2:2012:
• update of definitions, in particular fuel cell module for normal operation;
• leakage values under normal and abnormal operation have been addressed;
• a delayed ignition test has been included;
• protective measures to limit gas leakage have been included;
• the requirements for insulation between live parts and SELV have been updated;
• the general safety strategy has been modified to reflect the needs for different application standards; the modifications are in line with similar modifications made to IEC 62282­-3-­100;
• the electrical components clause has been modified to reflect the needs for different application standards; the modifications are in line with similar modifications made to IEC 62282-3-100;
• protective earthing as part of the module or bonding as a measure within the installation has been introduced;
• a dielectric strength test has been completely updated by referring to IEC 62744-1 for voltages up to 1 000 V AC/1 500 V DC;
• a new “pressure drop method” leakage test method has been included;
• a new Annex addressing significant hazards, hazardous situations and events dealt with in this document, and linked to 4.1 (General safety strategy) has been added.

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This part of IEC 62282 applies to stationary packaged, self-contained fuel cell power systems
or fuel cell power systems comprised of factory matched packages of integrated systems
which generate electricity through electrochemical reactions.
This document applies to systems
intended for electrical connection to mains direct, or with a transfer switch, or to a standalone
power distribution system;
intended to provide AC or DC power;
with or without the ability to recover useful heat;
intended for operation on the following input fuels:
natural gas and other methane rich gases derived from renewable (biomass) or fossil
fuel sources, for example, landfill gas, digester gas, coal mine gas;
fuels derived from oil refining, for example, diesel, gasoline, kerosene, liquefied
petroleum gases such as propane and butane;
alcohols, esters, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, Fischer-Tropsch liquids and other
suitable hydrogen-rich organic compounds derived from renewable (biomass) or fossil
fuel sources, for example, methanol, ethanol, di-methyl ether, biodiesel;
hydrogen, gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen gas, for example, synthesis gas,
town gas.
This document does not cover:
• micro fuel cell power systems;
• portable fuel cell power systems;
• propulsion fuel cell power systems.
NOTE For special applications such as “marine auxiliary power”, additional requirements can be given by the
relevant marine ship register standard.
This document is applicable to stationary fuel cell power systems intended for indoor and
outdoor commercial, industrial and residential use in non-hazardous areas.
This document contemplates all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, with the
exception of those associated with environmental compatibility (installation conditions),
relevant to fuel cell power systems, when they are used as intended and under the conditions
foreseen by the manufacturer.
This document deals with conditions that can yield hazards on the one hand to persons, and
on the other to damage outside the fuel cell power system only. Protection against damage to
the fuel cell power system internals is not addressed in this document, provided it does not
lead to hazards outside the fuel cell power system.

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IEC 62282-8-101:2020 addresses solid oxide cell (SOC) and stack assembly unit(s). It provides for testing systems, instruments and measuring methods to test the performance of SOC cell/stack assembly units for energy storage purposes. It assesses performance in fuel cell mode, in electrolysis mode and/or in reversible operation. This document is intended for data exchanges in commercial transactions between cell/stack manufacturers and system developers or for acquiring data on a cell or stack in order to estimate the performance of a system based on it. Users of this document may selectively execute test items suitable for their purposes from those described in this document. Users can also substitute selected test methods of this document with equivalent test methods of IEC TS 62282-7-2 for SOC operation in fuel cell mode only.

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IEC 62282-3-100:2019 is available as IEC 62282-3-100:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 62282-3-100:2019 applies to stationary packaged, self-contained fuel cell power systems or fuel cell power systems comprised of factory matched packages of integrated systems which generate electricity through electrochemical reactions. This document is applicable to stationary fuel cell power systems intended for indoor and outdoor commercial, industrial and residential use in non-hazardous areas. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2012. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) recognition that fuel carrying components qualified to leakage standards (soundness) need not be considered as potential flammable leak sources; b) new annex for small power systems; and c) clarifications for numerous requirements and tests

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EN-IEC 62282-8-201 defines the evaluation methods of typical performances for electricenergy storage systems using hydrogen. This is applicable to the systems that useelectrochemical reaction devices for both power charge and discharge. This document appliesto systems that are designed and used for service and operation in stationary locations (indoorand outdoor).The conceptual configurations of the electric energy storage systems using hydrogen are shownin Figure 1 and Figure 2. Figure 1 shows the system independently equipped with an electrolysermodule and a fuel cell module. Figure 2 shows the system equipped with a reversible cellmodule. There are an electrolyser, a hydrogen storage and a fuel cell, or a reversible cell, ahydrogen storage and an overall management system (which may include a pressuremanagement) as indispensable components. There may be a battery, an oxygen storage, a heatmanagement system (which may include a heat storage) and a water management system(which may include a water storage) as optional components. The performance measurement isexecuted in the area surrounded by the outside thick solid line square (system boundary).NOTE In the context of this document, the term "reversible" does not refer to the thermodynamic meaning of an idealprocess. It is common practice in the fuel cell community to call the operation mode of a cell that alternates betweenfuel cell mode and electrolysis mode "reversible".This document is intended to be used for data exchanges in commercial transactions betweenthe system manufacturers and customers. Users of this document can selectively execute testitems suitable for their purposes from those described in this document.

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EN-IEC 62282-8-102 deals with PEM cell/stack assembly units, testing systems, instruments and measuring methods, and test methods to test the performance of PEM cells and stacks in fuel cell mode, electrolysis and/or reversible mode.

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IEC 62282-8-201:2020 defines the evaluation methods of typical performances for electric energy storage systems using hydrogen. This is applicable to the systems that use electrochemical reaction devices for both power charge and discharge. This document applies to systems that are designed and used for service and operation in stationary locations (indoor and outdoor). The conceptual configurations of the electric energy storage systems using hydrogen are shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2. Figure 1 shows the system independently equipped with an electrolyser module and a fuel cell module. Figure 2 shows the system equipped with a reversible cell module. There are an electrolyser, a hydrogen storage and a fuel cell, or a reversible cell, a hydrogen storage and an overall management system (which may include a pressure management) as indispensable components. There may be a battery, an oxygen storage, a heat management system (which may include a heat storage) and a water management system (which may include a water storage) as optional components. The performance measurement is executed in the area surrounded by the outside thick solid line square (system boundary).

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IEC 62282-8-102:2019 deals with PEM cell/stack assembly units, testing systems, instruments and measuring methods, and test methods to test the performance of PEM cells and stacks in fuel cell mode, electrolysis and/or reversible mode.

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IEC 60050-485:2020 gives the general terminology used in fuel cell technologies, as well as general terms pertaining to specific applications and associated technologies. This terminology is consistent with the terminology developed in the other specialized parts of the IEV.
It has the status of a horizontal standard in accordance with IEC Guide 108.

  • Standard
    167 pages
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IEC 62282-8-101:2020 addresses solid oxide cell (SOC) and stack assembly unit(s). It provides for testing systems, instruments and measuring methods to test the performance of SOC cell/stack assembly units for energy storage purposes. It assesses performance in fuel cell mode, in electrolysis mode and/or in reversible operation.
This document is intended for data exchanges in commercial transactions between cell/stack manufacturers and system developers or for acquiring data on a cell or stack in order to estimate the performance of a system based on it. Users of this document may selectively execute test items suitable for their purposes from those described in this document. Users can also substitute selected test methods of this document with equivalent test methods of IEC TS 62282-7-2 for SOC operation in fuel cell mode only.

  • Standard
    159 pages
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IEC 62282-8-201:2020 defines the evaluation methods of typical performances for electric energy storage systems using hydrogen. This is applicable to the systems that use electrochemical reaction devices for both power charge and discharge. This document applies to systems that are designed and used for service and operation in stationary locations (indoor and outdoor).
The conceptual configurations of the electric energy storage systems using hydrogen are shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2. Figure 1 shows the system independently equipped with an electrolyser module and a fuel cell module. Figure 2 shows the system equipped with a reversible cell module. There are an electrolyser, a hydrogen storage and a fuel cell, or a reversible cell, a hydrogen storage and an overall management system (which may include a pressure management) as indispensable components. There may be a battery, an oxygen storage, a heat management system (which may include a heat storage) and a water management system (which may include a water storage) as optional components. The performance measurement is executed in the area surrounded by the outside thick solid line square (system boundary).

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    66 pages
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IEC 62282-8-102:2019 deals with PEM cell/stack assembly units, testing systems, instruments and measuring methods, and test methods to test the performance of PEM cells and stacks in fuel cell mode, electrolysis and/or reversible mode.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies the requirements and test methods for the construction, safety, fitness
for purpose, rational use of energy and the marking of a micro combined heat and power appliance;
(hereafter referred to as “mCHP appliance”).
This European Standard applies to mCHP appliances of types B22, B23, B32, B33, B52, B53, C1, C3, C42, C43
C52, C53, C62, C63, C82, C83 and C9 based on the classifications of CEN/TR 1749:
– that use one or more supplied gases of the three gas families at the pressures stated in EN 437,
– where the temperature of the heat transfer fluid of the heating system (heating water circuit) does
not exceed 105 ºC during normal operation,
– where the maximum operating pressure in the
- heating water circuit does not exceed 6 bar,
- domestic hot water circuit (if installed) does not exceed 10 bar,
– which are either intended to be installed indoors or outdoors in a partially protected place,
– which are intended to produce hot water either by the instantaneous or storage principle,
– which have a maximum heat input (based on net calorific value) not exceeding 70 kW,
– which are designed for sealed or open water systems.
NOTE 1 For applications where the maximum allowable water temperature exceeds 110 ºC or where volume multiplied by
maximum allowable pressure exceeds 50 bar litres, further requirements may be necessary to comply with the essential
requirements of Directive 97/23/EC (Pressure Equipment Directive (PED)).
NOTE 2 For mCHP appliances with constructions that might not be fully covered by this European Standard or by another specific
standard, the risk associated with the alternative construction will be assessed.
NOTE 3 prEN 13203-4 will specify the assessment of energy consumption for domestic hot water production of gas combined
heat and power appliances (mCHP).
This European Standard does not contain the requirements necessary for appliance capable of producing
electrical energy without using the thermal energy.
This European Standard does not cover all the requirements for mCHP appliances that are intended to be
connected to gas grids where the quality of the distributed gas is likely to vary to a large extent over the
lifetime of the appliance (see Annex DD).

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2019-01-10 AJC: Document uploaded to HAS platform for FV stage following failed original upload. New HAS deadline: 2019-02-14. Following reception of results, document will progress.
2017-07-17 CP: negative assessment recived - UAP cancelled

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This part of IEC 62282 covers the interchangeability of power and data between micro fuel
cell power systems and electronic devices to provide the micro fuel cell power system
compatibility for a variety of electronic devices while maintaining the safety and performance
of the micro fuel cell system. For that purpose, this document covers power interfaces and
their connector configuration. The power management circuitry and power sharing
methodology are also provided.
This document also covers the data communication protocol and its data specification.
Operation modes and alert conditions are also provided for the means to comply with the
power control requirements of the electronic device.
A micro fuel cell power system and micro fuel cell power unit block diagram is shown in
Figure 1. Micro fuel cell power systems and micro fuel cell power units are defined as devices
that are wearable or easily carried by hand, providing DC outputs that do not exceed 60 V DC
and power outputs that do not exceed 240 VA. This document covers the power and data
interfaces between the micro fuel cell power unit and electronic device.

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IEC 62282-6-400:2019 covers the interchangeability of power and data between micro fuel cell power systems and electronic devices to provide the micro fuel cell power system compatibility for a variety of electronic devices while maintaining the safety and performance of the micro fuel cell system. For that purpose, this document covers power interfaces and their connector configuration. The power management circuitry and power sharing methodology are also provided. This document also covers the data communication protocol and its data specification. Operation modes and alert conditions are also provided for the means to comply with the power control requirements of the electronic device.

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IEC 62282-6-400:2019 covers the interchangeability of power and data between micro fuel cell power systems and electronic devices to provide the micro fuel cell power system compatibility for a variety of electronic devices while maintaining the safety and performance of the micro fuel cell system. For that purpose, this document covers power interfaces and their connector configuration. The power management circuitry and power sharing methodology are also provided.
This document also covers the data communication protocol and its data specification. Operation modes and alert conditions are also provided for the means to comply with the power control requirements of the electronic device.

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IEC 62282-3-100:2019 is available as IEC 62282-3-100:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 62282-3-100:2019 applies to stationary packaged, self-contained fuel cell power systems or fuel cell power systems comprised of factory matched packages of integrated systems which generate electricity through electrochemical reactions. This document is applicable to stationary fuel cell power systems intended for indoor and outdoor commercial, industrial and residential use in non-hazardous areas. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2012. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) recognition that fuel carrying components qualified to leakage standards (soundness) need not be considered as potential flammable leak sources;
b) new annex for small power systems; and
c) clarifications for numerous requirements and tests

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This part of IEC 62282 covers construction, marking and test requirements for portable fuel cell
power systems. These fuel cell systems are movable and not fastened or otherwise secured to
a specific location. The purpose of the portable fuel cell power system is to produce electrical
power.
This document applies to AC and DC type portable fuel cell power systems, with a rated output
voltage not exceeding 600 V AC, or 850 V DC for indoor and outdoor use. These portable fuel
cell power systems cannot be used in hazardous locations as defined in
IEC 60050-426:2008, 426-03-01 unless there are additional protective measures in accordance
with IEC 60079-0[5]1).
This document does not apply to portable fuel cell power systems that are
permanently connected (hard wired) to the electrical 1) distribution system,
2) permanently connected to a utility fuel distribution system,
3) exporting power to the grid,
4) for propulsion of road vehicles,
5) intended to be used on board passenger aircraft.
Fuel cells that provide battery charging for hybrid vehicles where the battery provides power and
energy for propulsion of the vehicle are not included in the scope of this document
The following fuels and fuel feedstocks are considered within the scope of this document:
• natural gas,
• liquefied petroleum gas, such as propane and butane,
• liquid alcohols, for example methanol, ethanol,
• gasoline,
• diesel,
• kerosene,
• hydrogen,
• chemical hydrides.
This document does not preclude the use of similar fuels or oxidants from sources other than air
provided the unique hazards are addressed through additional requirements.

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IEC 62282-5-100:2018 covers construction, marking and test requirements for portable fuel cell power systems. These fuel cell systems are movable and not fastened or otherwise secured to a specific location. The purpose of the portable fuel cell power system is to produce electrical power. This document applies to AC and DC type portable fuel cell power systems, with a rated output voltage not exceeding 600 V AC, or 850 V DC for indoor and outdoor use.

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IEC 62282-5-100:2018 covers construction, marking and test requirements for portable fuel cell power systems. These fuel cell systems are movable and not fastened or otherwise secured to a specific location. The purpose of the portable fuel cell power system is to produce electrical power. This document applies to AC and DC type portable fuel cell power systems, with a rated output voltage not exceeding 600 V AC, or 850 V DC for indoor and outdoor use.

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This part of IEC 62282 provides test methods for the electrical, thermal and environmental
performance of small stationary fuel cell power systems that meet the following criteria:
• output: rated electric power output of less than 10 kW;
• output mode: grid-connected/independent operation or stand-alone operation with singlephase
AC output or 3-phase AC output not exceeding 1 000 V, or DC output not exceeding
1 500 V;
NOTE The limit of 1 000 V for alternating current comes from the definition for "low voltage" given in
IEC 60050-601:1985, 601-01-26.
• operating pressure: maximum allowable working pressure of less than 0,1 MPa (gauge) for
the fuel and oxidant passages;
• fuel: gaseous fuel (natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, propane, butane, hydrogen, etc.)
or liquid fuel (kerosene, methanol, etc.);
• oxidant: air.
This document describes type tests and their test methods only. No routine tests are required
or identified, and no performance targets are set in this document.
This document covers fuel cell power systems whose primary purpose is the production of
electric power and whose secondary purpose may be the utilization of heat. Accordingly, fuel
cell power systems for which the use of heat is primary and the use of electric power is
secondary are outside the scope of this document.
All systems with integrated batteries are covered by this document. This includes systems
where batteries are recharged internally or recharged from an external source.
This document does not cover additional auxiliary heat generators that produce thermal
energy.

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IEC 62282-3-201:2017 provides test methods for the electrical, thermal and environmental performance of small stationary fuel cell power systems that meet the following criteria: - rated electric power output of less than 10 kW; - grid-connected/independent operation or stand-alone operation with single-phase AC output or 3-phase AC output not exceeding 1 000 V, or DC output not exceeding 1 500 V; - maximum allowable working pressure of less than 0,1 MPa (gauge) for the fuel and oxidant passages; - gaseous fuel (natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, propane, butane, hydrogen, etc.) or liquid fuel (kerosene, methanol, etc.); - air as oxidant. This document describes type tests and their test methods only. This document covers fuel cell power systems whose primary purpose is the production of electric power. This new edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: revision of test set-up, revision of measurement instruments, introduction of ramp-up test, introduction of rated operation cycle efficiency, introduction of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) test, revision of exhaust gas test, introduction of typical durations of operation cycles.

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IEC 62282-3-201:2017 provides test methods for the electrical, thermal and environmental performance of small stationary fuel cell power systems that meet the following criteria:
- rated electric power output of less than 10 kW;
- grid-connected/independent operation or stand-alone operation with single-phase AC output or 3-phase AC output not exceeding 1 000 V, or DC output not exceeding 1 500 V;
- maximum allowable working pressure of less than 0,1 MPa (gauge) for the fuel and oxidant passages;
- gaseous fuel (natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, propane, butane, hydrogen, etc.) or liquid fuel (kerosene, methanol, etc.);
- air as oxidant.
This document describes type tests and their test methods only. This document covers fuel cell power systems whose primary purpose is the production of electric power.
This new edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: revision of test set-up, revision of measurement instruments, introduction of ramp-up test, introduction of rated operation cycle efficiency, introduction of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) test, revision of exhaust gas test, introduction of typical durations of operation cycles.

  • Standard
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This document covers performance test methods of fuel cell power systems intended to be used
for electrically powered industrial trucks.
The scope of this document is limited to electrically powered industrial trucks. Hybrid trucks that
include an internal combustion engine are not included in the scope. The scope of this standard
will be applicable to material-handling equipment, e.g. forklifts.
This document applies to gaseous hydrogen-fuelled fuel cell power systems and direct methanol
fuel cell power systems for electrically powered industrial trucks.
The following fuels are considered within the scope of this standard:
– gaseous hydrogen, and
– methanol.
This document does not apply to reformer-equipped fuel cell power systems.
This document covers fuel cell power systems whose fuel source container is permanently
attached to either the industrial truck or the fuel cell power system. A fuel source container of the
detachable type is not permitted.
This document applies to DC type fuel cell power systems, with a rated output voltage not
exceeding 150 V DC for indoor and outdoor use.
Fuel cell power systems intended for operation in potentially explosive atmospheres are
excluded from the scope of this document.
This document does not cover the fuel storage systems using liquid hydrogen.
All systems with integrated energy storage systems are covered by this document. This includes
systems, for example, batteries for internal recharges or recharged from an external source.

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IEC 62282-4-102:2017 covers performance test methods of fuel cell power systems intended to be used for electrically powered industrial trucks. The scope of this document is limited to electrically powered industrial trucks. This document applies to gaseous hydrogen-fuelled fuel cell power systems and direct methanol fuel cell power systems for electrically powered industrial trucks. This document covers fuel cell power systems whose fuel source container is permanently attached to either the industrial truck or the fuel cell power system. This document applies to DC type fuel cell power systems, with a rated output voltage not exceeding 150 V DC for indoor and outdoor use.

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IEC 62282-4-102:2017 covers performance test methods of fuel cell power systems intended to be used for electrically powered industrial trucks. The scope of this document is limited to electrically powered industrial trucks. This document applies to gaseous hydrogen-fuelled fuel cell power systems and direct methanol fuel cell power systems for electrically powered industrial trucks. This document covers fuel cell power systems whose fuel source container is permanently attached to either the industrial truck or the fuel cell power system. This document applies to DC type fuel cell power systems, with a rated output voltage not exceeding 150 V DC for indoor and outdoor use.

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This part of IEC 62282 specifies test methods for the performance evaluation of micro fuel cell
power systems for laptop computers, mobile phones, personal digital assistants (PDAs),
cordless home appliances, TV broadcast cameras, autonomous robots, etc.
This document describes the performance test methods for power characteristics, and
mechanical durability for micro fuel cell power systems with output up to 60 V DC and 240 VA.
The functional arrangement of a typical example of a micro fuel cell power system, evaluated
according to this document, is shown in Figure 1.
This document does not address the safety of micro fuel cell power systems.
This document does not address the interchangeability of micro fuel cell power systems.

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IEC TS 62282-7-1:2017(E) covers cell assemblies, test station setup, measuring instruments and measuring methods, performance test methods, and test reports for PEFC single cells. This document is used for evaluating:
- the performance of membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) for PEFCs in a single cell configuration;
- materials or structures of PEFCs in a single cell configuration;or
- the influence of impurities in fuel and/or in air on the fuel cell performance.

  • Technical specification
    74 pages
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IEC 62282-6-200:2016 specifies test methods for the performance evaluation of micro fuel cell power systems for laptop computers, mobile phones, personal digital assistants (PDAs), cordless home appliances, TV broadcast cameras, autonomous robots, etc. This new edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - deletion of 5.3 (Fuel consumption test) as it was impractical to measure the actual consumption rate of some kinds of fuels; - addition and modification of some terms and definitions.

  • Standard
    20 pages
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IEC 62282-3-400:2016 applies to small stationary fuel cell power systems serving as a heating appliance providing both electric power and useful heat with or without a supplementary heat generator providing peak load function. This standard applies to fuel cell power systems that are intended to be permanently connected to the electrical system of the customer (end user). Direct connection to the mains (parallel operation) is also within the scope of this standard. This standard is limited to gas and liquid fuelled fuel cell CHP appliances that have a heat input based on lower heating value of less than or equal to 70 kW. This standard specifies the requirements for construction, safety, installation, fitness for purpose, rational use of energy, marking, and performance measurement of these appliances. This standard also provides regional and country specific requirements to facilitate the worldwide application of this IEC standard.

  • Standard
    399 pages
    English and French language
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IEC 62282-6-200:2016 specifies test methods for the performance evaluation of micro fuel cell power systems for laptop computers, mobile phones, personal digital assistants (PDAs), cordless home appliances, TV broadcast cameras, autonomous robots, etc. This new edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- deletion of 5.3 (Fuel consumption test) as it was impractical to measure the actual consumption rate of some kinds of fuels;
- addition and modification of some terms and definitions.

  • Standard
    34 pages
    English and French language
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This part of IEC 62282 covers operational and environmental aspects of the stationary fuel
cell power systems performance. The test methods apply as follows:
– power output under specified operating and transient conditions;
– electrical and heat recovery efficiency under specified operating conditions;
– environmental characteristics; for example, exhaust gas emissions, noise, etc. under
specified operating and transient conditions.
This standard does not provide coverage for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).
This standard does not apply to small stationary fuel cell power systems with electric power
output of less than 10 kW which are dealt with IEC 62282-3-201.
Fuel cell power systems may have different subsystems depending upon types of fuel cell and
applications, and they have different streams of material and energy into and out of them.
However, a common system diagram and boundary has been defined for evaluation of the
fuel cell power system (see Figure 1).
The following conditions are considered in order to determine the system boundary of the fuel
cell power system:
– all energy recovery systems are included within the system boundary;
– all kinds of electric energy storage devices are considered outside the system boundary;
– calculation of the heating value of the input fuel (such as natural gas, propane gas and
pure hydrogen gas, etc.) is based on the conditions of the fuel at the boundary of the fuel
cell power system.

  • Standard
    77 pages
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IEC 62282-3-200:2015 covers operational and environmental aspects of the stationary fuel cell power systems performance. The test methods apply as follows: - power output under specified operating and transient conditions; - electrical and heat recovery efficiency under specified operating conditions; - environmental characteristics; - for example, exhaust gas emissions, noise, etc. under specified operating and transient conditions. This new edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a stabilization zone of +- 10 % for thermal output of 100 % response time is provided instead of the tests for thermal output of 90 % response time, while the tests for electric output of 90 % response time remain as an option; the calculations for the ramp rate in kW/s are deleted and only the calculations for the response time (s) remain.

  • Standard
    77 pages
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IEC 62282-3-200:2015 covers operational and environmental aspects of the stationary fuel cell power systems performance. The test methods apply as follows:
- power output under specified operating and transient conditions;
- electrical and heat recovery efficiency under specified operating conditions;
- environmental characteristics;
- for example, exhaust gas emissions, noise, etc. under specified operating and transient conditions. This new edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a stabilization zone of +- 10 % for thermal output of 100 % response time is provided instead of the tests for thermal output of 90 % response time, while the tests for electric output of 90 % response time remain as an option; the calculations for the ramp rate in kW/s are deleted and only the calculations for the response time (s) remain.

  • Standard
    148 pages
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This European Standard specifies the requirements and test methods for the construction, safety, fitness
for purpose, rational use of energy and the marking of a micro combined heat and power appliance;
(hereafter referred to as “mCHP appliance”).
This European Standard applies to mCHP appliances of types B22, B23, B32, B33, B52, B53, C1, C3, C42, C43
C52, C53, C62, C63, C82, C83 and C9 based on the classifications of CEN/TR 1749:
– that use one or more supplied gases of the three gas families at the pressures stated in EN 437,
– where the temperature of the heat transfer fluid of the heating system (heating water circuit) does
not exceed 105 ºC during normal operation,
– where the maximum operating pressure in the
- heating water circuit does not exceed 6 bar,
- domestic hot water circuit (if installed) does not exceed 10 bar,
– which are either intended to be installed indoors or outdoors in a partially protected place,
– which are intended to produce hot water either by the instantaneous or storage principle,
– which have a maximum heat input (based on net calorific value) not exceeding 70 kW,
– which are designed for sealed or open water systems.
NOTE 1 For applications where the maximum allowable water temperature exceeds 110 ºC or where volume multiplied by
maximum allowable pressure exceeds 50 bar litres, further requirements may be necessary to comply with the essential
requirements of Directive 97/23/EC (Pressure Equipment Directive (PED)).
NOTE 2 For mCHP appliances with constructions that might not be fully covered by this European Standard or by another specific
standard, the risk associated with the alternative construction will be assessed.
NOTE 3 prEN 13203-4 will specify the assessment of energy consumption for domestic hot water production of gas combined
heat and power appliances (mCHP).
This European Standard does not contain the requirements necessary for appliance capable of producing
electrical energy without using the thermal energy.
This European Standard does not cover all the requirements for mCHP appliances that are intended to be
connected to gas grids where the quality of the distributed gas is likely to vary to a large extent over the
lifetime of the appliance (see Annex DD).

  • Standard
    170 pages
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This European Standard specifies the requirements and test methods for the construction, safety, fitness for purpose, rational use of energy and the marking of a micro combined heat and power appliance; (hereafter referred to as “mCHP appliance”). This European Standard applies to mCHP appliances of types B22, B23, B32, B33, B52, B53, C1, C3, C42, C43 C52, C53, C62, C63, C82, C83 and C9 based on the classifications of CEN/TR 1749: – that use one or more supplied gases of the three gas families at the pressures stated in EN 437, – where the temperature of the heat transfer fluid of the heating system (heating water circuit) does not exceed 105 ºC during normal operation, – where the maximum operating pressure in the - heating water circuit does not exceed 6 bar, - domestic hot water circuit (if installed) does not exceed 10 bar, – which are either intended to be installed indoors or outdoors in a partially protected place, – which are intended to produce hot water either by the instantaneous or storage principle, – which have a maximum heat input (based on net calorific value) not exceeding 70 kW, – which are designed for sealed or open water systems. NOTE 1 For applications where the maximum allowable water temperature exceeds 110 ºC or where volume multiplied by maximum allowable pressure exceeds 50 bar litres, further requirements may be necessary to comply with the essential requirements of Directive 97/23/EC (Pressure Equipment Directive (PED)). NOTE 2 For mCHP appliances with constructions that might not be fully covered by this European Standard or by another specific standard, the risk associated with the alternative construction will be assessed. NOTE 3 This EN includes formulae and methods intended to produce values required by implementation measures of the ErP Directive 2009/125/EC and Labelling Directive 2010/30/EU. NOTE 4 EN 13203-4 will specify the assessment of energy consumption for domestic hot water production of gas combined heat and power appliances (mCHP). This European Standard does not contain the requirements necessary for appliance capable of producing electrical energy without using the thermal energy. This European Standard does not cover all the requirements for mCHP appliances that are intended to be connected to gas grids where the quality of the distributed gas is likely to vary to a large extent over the lifetime of the appliance (see Annex DD).

  • Standard
    170 pages
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1.1 This part of IEC 62282 covers safety requirements for fuel cell power systems intended
to be used in electrically powered industrial trucks.
1.2 This standard is limited to electrically powered industrial trucks and is applicable to
material-handling equipment, e.g. forklifts.
1.3 This standard applies to gaseous hydrogen-fuelled fuel cell power systems and direct
methanol fuel cell power systems for electrically powered industrial trucks.
1.4 The following fuels are considered within the scope of this standard:
– gaseous hydrogen
– methanol.
1.5 This standard covers the fuel cell power system as defined in 3.8 and Figure 1.
1.6 This standard applies to d.c. type fuel cell power systems, with a rated output voltage
not exceeding 150 V d.c. for indoor and outdoor use.
1.7 This standard covers fuel cell power systems whose fuel source container is
permanently attached to either the industrial truck or the fuel cell power system.
1.8 The following are not included in the scope of this standard:
– detachable type fuel source containers;
– hybrid trucks that include an internal combustion engine;
– reformer-equipped fuel cell power systems;
– fuel cell power systems intended for operation in potentially explosive atmospheres;
– fuel storage systems using liquid hydrogen.

  • Standard
    57 pages
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IEC 62282-4-101:2014 covers safety requirements for fuel cell power systems intended to be used in electrically powered industrial trucks. This standard is limited to electrically powered industrial trucks and is applicable to material-handling equipment, e.g. forklifts. It applies to gaseous hydrogen-fuelled fuel cell power systems and direct methanol fuel cell power systems for electrically powered industrial trucks.

  • Standard
    57 pages
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IEC 62282-4-101:2014 covers safety requirements for fuel cell power systems intended to be used in electrically powered industrial trucks. This standard is limited to electrically powered industrial trucks and is applicable to material-handling equipment, e.g. forklifts. It applies to gaseous hydrogen-fuelled fuel cell power systems and direct methanol fuel cell power systems for electrically powered industrial trucks.

  • Standard
    104 pages
    English and French language
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IEC TS 62282-7-2:2014 provides for SOFC cell/stack assembly units, testing systems, instruments and measuring methods, and test methods to test the performance of SOFC cells and stacks. This technical specification is to be used for data exchanges in commercial transactions between cell/stack manufacturers and system developers or for acquiring data on a cell or stack in order to estimate the performance of a system based on it. Users of this technical specification may selectively execute test items suitable for their purposes from those described in this technical specification.

  • Technical specification
    92 pages
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General a) This consumer safety standard covers micro fuel cell power systems, micro fuel cell power units and fuel cartridges that are wearable or easily carried by hand, providing d.c. outputs that do not exceed 60 V d.c. and power outputs that do not exceed 240 VA. Portable fuel cell power systems that provide output levels that exceed these electrical limits are covered by IEC 62282-5-1. b) Externally accessible circuitry is therefore considered to be safety extra low voltage (SELV) circuitry as defined in IEC 60950-1:2005, and as limited power circuits if further compliance with 2.5 of IEC 60950-1:2005 is demonstrated. Micro fuel cell power systems or units that have internal circuitry exceeding 60 V d.c. or 240 VA should be appropriately evaluated in accordance with the separate criteria of IEC 60950-1:2005. c) This consumer safety standard covers all micro fuel cell power systems, micro fuel cell power units and fuel cartridges. This standard establishes requirements for all micro fuel cell power systems, micro fuel cell power units and fuel cartridges to ensure a reasonable degree of safety for normal use, reasonably foreseeable misuse, and consumer transportation of such items. The fuel cartridges covered by this standard are not intended to be refilled by the consumer. Fuel cartridges refilled by the manufacturer or by trained technicians shall meet all requirements of this standard. d) These products are not intended for use in hazardous areas as defined by IEV 426-03-01.

  • Amendment
    38 pages
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This part of IEC 62282 provides minimum safety requirements for the installation of indoor and outdoor stationary fuel cell power systems in compliance with IEC 62282-3-100 and applies to the installation of the following systems: - intended for electrical connection to mains directly or with a readily accessible, manually operable switch or circuit-breaker; - intended for a stand-alone power distribution system; - intended to provide AC or DC power; - with or without the ability to recover useful heat. This standard is limited to those conditions that may be created by the installation process that can lead to personnel hazards or damage to equipment or property external to the fuel cell power system.

  • Standard
    106 pages
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IEC 62282-6-300:2012 covers interchangeability of micro fuel cell (MFC) fuel cartridges to provide the cartridge compatibility for a variety of MFC power units while maintaining the safety and performance of MFC power systems. For this purpose, the standard covers fuel cartridges and their connector designs. Fuel type, fuel concentration and fuel quality are also covered. This standard also provides for the means to avoid the miss-connection of an improper fuel cartridge. Test methods for verifying the compliance with the interchangeability requirements for fuel and fuel cartridges are also provided in this standard. The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below: - updates to Type A to D interchangeable connectors, addition of Type E; - updates of the procedures, criteria and figures of the type tests for interchangeable connectors to ensure accurate and consistent results.

  • Standard
    106 pages
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This part of IEC 62282 provides minimum safety requirements for the installation of indoor and outdoor stationary fuel cell power systems in compliance with IEC 62282-3-100 and applies to the installation of the following systems: - intended for electrical connection to mains directly or with a readily accessible, manually operable switch or circuit-breaker; - intended for a stand-alone power distribution system; - intended to provide AC or DC power; - with or without the ability to recover useful heat. This standard is limited to those conditions that may be created by the installation process that can lead to personnel hazards or damage to equipment or property external to the fuel cell power system. This standard does not cover the safety requirements of the stationary fuel cell power system which are covered by IEC 62282-3-100. Additionally, this standard does not cover: - fuel supply and/or fuel storage systems; - auxiliary media supply and disposal; - switches or circuit-breakers; - portable fuel cell power systems; - propulsion fuel cell power systems; - APU (auxiliary power units) applications.

  • Standard
    21 pages
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