IEC 61557-6:2019 is available as IEC 61557-6:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-6:2019 specifies the requirements applicable to measuring equipment for testing the effectiveness of protective measures of residual current devices (RCD) installed in TT, TN and IT systems. It is not the purpose of this document to verify the RCD according to their product standards. IEC 61557-6:2019 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) addition of requirements for testing a new type of RCD; b) addition of requirements for type B RCDs (former Annex B); c) addition of new Annex B on recommended tripping times; d) alignment of the structure with that of the whole IEC 61557 series.

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This document is applicable to insulated bushings, excluding those plug-in bushings specified by EN 50180 series, for use in air insulated, shroud insulated and fully insulated cable boxes for liquid filled transformers and reactors for rated voltages up to 36 kV, and rated currents up to 4 000 A at frequencies from 15 Hz to 60 Hz.

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This part of IEC 61557 specifies the general requirements applicable to measuring and
monitoring equipment for testing the electrical safety in low-voltage distribution systems with
nominal voltages up to 1 000 V AC and 1 500 V DC.
When measuring equipment or measuring installations involve measurement tasks of various
measuring equipment covered by this series of standards, then the part of this series relevant
to each of the measurement tasks is applicable.
NOTE The term "measuring equipment" will hereafter be used to designate "testing, measuring and monitoring
equipment".
Other parts of IEC 61557 can specify additional requirements or deviations.
This document does not cover functional safety or cybersecurity

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This part of IEC 61557 specifies the requirements applicable to equipment for measuring the
insulation resistance of equipment and installations in the de-energized state.

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This part of IEC 61557 specifies requirements for power metering and monitoring devices
(PMD) that measure and monitor the electrical quantities within electrical distribution systems,
and optionally other external signals. These requirements also define the performance in
single- and three-phase AC or DC systems having rated voltages up to 1 000 V AC or up to
1 500 V DC.
These devices are fixed or portable. They are intended to be used indoors and/or outdoors.
Power metering and monitoring devices (PMD), as defined in this document, give additional
safety information, which aids the verification of the installation and enhances the
performance of the distribution systems.
The power metering and monitoring devices (PMD) for electrical parameters described in this
document are used for general industrial and commercial applications.
This document does not address functional safety and cyber security aspects.
This document is not applicable for:
– electricity metering equipment that complies with IEC 62053-21, IEC 62053-22,
IEC 62053-23 and IEC 62053-24. Nevertheless, uncertainties defined in this document for
active and reactive energy measurement are derived from those defined in IEC 62053 (all
parts);
– the measurement and monitoring of electrical parameters defined in IEC 61557-2 to
IEC 61557-9 and IEC 61557-13 or in IEC 62020;
– power quality instrument (PQI) according IEC 62586 (all parts);
– devices covered by IEC 60051 (all parts) (direct acting analogue electrical measuring
instrument).
NOTE 1 Generally such types of devices are used in the following applications or for the following general needs:
– energy management inside the installation, such as facilitating the implementation of documents such as
ISO 50001 and IEC 60364-8-1;
– monitoring and/or measurement of electrical parameters;
– measurement and/or monitoring of the quality of energy inside commercial/industrial installations.
NOTE 2 A measuring and monitoring device of electrical parameters usually consists of several functional
modules. All or some of the functional modules are combined in one device. Examples of functional modules are:
– measurement and monitoring of several electrical parameters simultaneously;
– energy measurement and/or monitoring, as well as sometimes compliance with aspects of building regulations;
– alarms functions;
– demand side quality (current and voltage harmonics, over/under voltages, voltage dips and swells, etc.).
NOTE 3 PMD are historically called power meter, power monitor, power monitor device, power energy monitoring
device, power analyser, multifunction meter, measuring multifunction equipment, energy meters.
NOTE 4 Metering, measuring and monitoring applications are explained in Annex A.

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This part of IEC 61557 defines minimum performance requirements for non-contact AC voltage
indicators to reduce the risk of electric shock for the testing person and bystanders caused by
the wrong interpretation of the indication.
Products designed and manufactured in accordance with this document are for use by
(electrically) skilled persons only. Non-contact AC voltage indicators are not designed for
testing the absence of the operating voltage.

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This part of IEC 61557 specifies the requirements applicable to equipment for measuring the
resistance of earth conductors, protective earth conductors and conductors for equipotential
bonding, including their connections and terminals, with an indication of the measured value
or an indication of the limits.

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This part of IEC 61557 specifies requirements for power metering and monitoring devices (PMD) that measure and monitor the electrical quantities within electrical distribution systems, and optionally other external signals. These requirements also defin the performance of PMD in single- and three-phace AC or DC systems having rated voltages up to 1000 V AC or up to 1500 V DC.
These devices are fixed or portable. They are intended to be used indoors and/or outdoors.
Power metering and monitoring devices  (PMD), as defined in this document, give additional safety information, which aids the verification of the installation and enhances the performance of the distribution systems.
Additionally, this document specifies requirements for measurement functions dedicated to metering and monitoring of electrical parameters called power metering and monitoring function (PMF) which can be embedded in equipment (EMPF) that is not classified as PMD and for which the main function is not power metering and monitoring.
Requirements for power metering and monitoring function (PMF) and additional requirements for equipments embedding power metering and monitoring function (EPMF) are described in Annex H.
The power metering and monitoring devices (PMD) for electrical parameters described in this document are used for general industrial and commercial applications.
This document does not address functional safety and cyber security aspects.
This document is not applicable to:
- electricity metering equipment that complies with IEC 62053-21, IEC 62053-22, IEC 62053-23 and IEC 62053-24. Nevertheless, uncertainties defined in this document for active and reactive energy measurement are derived from those defined in IEC 62053 (all parts);
- the measurement and monitoring of electrical parameters defined in IEC 61557-2 to IEC 61557-9 and IEC 61557-13 or in IEC 62020;
- power quality instrument (PQI) according IEC 62586 (all parts);
- devices covered by IEC 60051 (all parts) (direct acting analogue electrical measuring instrument).
Note 1 Generally such types of devices are used in the following applications or for the following general needs:
- energy management inside the installation, such as facilitating the implementation of documents such as ISO 50001 and IEC 60364-8-1;
- monitoring and/or measurement of electrical parameters;
- measurement and/or monitoring of the quality of energy inside commercial/industrial installations.
Note 2 A measuring and monitoring device of electrical parameters usually consists of several functional modules. All or some of the functional modules are combined in one device. Examples of fuctnional modules are:
- measurement and monitoring of several electrical parameters simultaneously;
- energy measurement and/or monitoring, as well as sometimes compliance with aspects of building regulations;
- alarms functions;
- demand side quality (current and voltage harmonics, over/under voltages, voltage dips and swells, etc.).
Note 3 PMD are historically called power meter, power monitor, power monitor device, power energy monitoring device, power analyser, multifunction meter, measuring multifunction equipment, energe meters.
Note 4 Metering, measuring and monitoring applications are explained in Annex A.

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This part of IEC 61557 specifies the requirements applicable to measuring equipment for measuring the resistance to earth using an AC voltage.

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IEC 61557-17:2021 defines minimum performance requirements for non-contact AC voltage indicators to reduce the risk of electric shock for the testing person and bystanders caused by the wrong interpretation of the indication.
Products designed and manufactured in accordance with this document are for use by (electrically) skilled persons only. Non-contact AC voltage indicators are not designed for testing the absence of the operating voltage.
This International Standard is to be used in conjunction with IEC 61557-1:2019.

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This International Standard is applicable to string insulator units of the long rod type with
insulating parts of ceramic material intended for use in AC overhead power lines with a
nominal voltage greater than 1 000 V and a frequency not greater than 100 Hz. It is also
applicable to insulators of similar design, used in substations.
This document is applicable to ceramic string insulator units of the long rod type, either with a
clevis end fitting at both ends for coupling with a tongue, or with a socket end fitting at both
ends for coupling with a pin ball.
The object of this document is to prescribe specified values for electrical and mechanical
characteristics, and for the principal dimensions of ceramic string insulator units of the long
rod type.
This document is applicable to string insulator units for use on overhead lines situated in
lightly polluted areas, and the creepage distances given in Table 1 have been established
accordingly, using the IEC TS 60815-2 recommendation of 27,8 mm/kV for SPS class.
However, shorter creepage distances are applicable for use in some non-polluted areas. If
specific operating conditions require or allow non-standard (longer or shorter) creepage
distances, the mechanical characteristics as well as the lengths L (see Clause 4) of this
document are intended to be used unless the need for exceptionally long creepage distances
requires values of L greater than those given in Table 1. In the case of special requirements,
e.g. very heavy polluted areas and for other particular or extreme environmental conditions, it
may be necessary for certain dimensions to be changed.
As far as reasonably applicable, this document is also applicable to be applied to similar
insulator units outside the scope of this standard, such as insulators for electric traction lines.
This document does not include tests on insulators and dimensions of end fittings.
Ball and socket couplings are covered by IEC 60120, clevis and tongue couplings by
IEC 60471.
NOTE 1 For the definition of site pollution severity, see applicable part of IEC TS 60815.
NOTE 2 The term "ceramic" is used in this document to refer to porcelain materials and, contrary to North
American practice, does not include glass.

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This International Standard applies to string insulator units of the cap and pin type with
insulating parts of ceramic material or glass, intended for AC overhead lines with a nominal
voltage greater than 1 000 V and a frequency not greater than 100 Hz. It also applies to
insulators of similar design used in substations.
This document applies to string insulator units of the cap and pin type either with ball and
socket couplings or with clevis and tongue couplings.
This document applies to string insulator units for use on overhead lines in clean areas and
polluted areas. For use in areas characterized by very heavy pollution levels and for other
particular or extreme environmental conditions, it may be necessary for certain dimensions to
be changed and insulator units having different creepage distances, spacing and forms may
be preferred (for example, flat profile, hemispherical etc.). Insulators for use on DC systems
may also need different dimensions. In any case, it is applicable that the standardized
mechanical characteristics of this document and coupling sizes are retained.
The object of this document is to prescribe specified values for the mechanical characteristics
and for the main dimensions of string insulator units of the cap and pin type.
The power frequency, lightning impulse and puncture withstand voltages of string insulator
units are not specified in this document. IEC 60383-1 gives the electrical characteristics which
define string insulator units; their values are agreed between purchaser and manufacturer.
Ball and socket couplings are covered by IEC 60120, clevis and tongue couplings by
IEC 60471.
NOTE For the definition of site pollution severity see IEC TS 60815-1.

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This part of IEC 61936 provides requirements for the design and the erection of electrical power
installations in systems with nominal voltages exceeding 1 kV AC and nominal frequency up to
and including 60 Hz, so as to provide safety and proper functioning for the use intended.
For the purpose of interpreting this document, an electrical power installation is considered to
be one of the following:
a) substation, including substation for railway power supply;
b) electrical power installations on mast, pole and tower, switchgear and/or transformers
located outside a closed electrical operating area;
c) one (or more) power station(s) located on a single site, the electrical power installation
includes generators and transformers with all associated switchgear and all electrical
auxiliary systems. Connections between generating stations located on different sites are
excluded;
d) the electrical system of a factory, industrial plant or other industrial, agricultural, commercial
or public premises;
e) electrical power installations on offshore facilities for the purpose of generation,
transmission, distribution and/or storage of electricity;
f) transition towers/poles (between overhead lines and underground lines).
The electrical power installation includes, among others, the following equipment:
– rotating electrical machines;
– switchgear;
– transformers and reactors;
– converters;
– cables;
– wiring systems;
– batteries;
– capacitors;
– earthing systems;
– buildings and fences which are part of a closed electrical operating area;
– associated protection, control and auxiliary systems;
– large air core reactor.
NOTE 1 In general, equipment standards take precedence over the requirements of this document.
This document does not apply to the design and erection of any of the following:
– overhead and underground lines between separate electrical power installations;
– electrified railway tracks and rolling stock;
– mining equipment and installations;
fluorescent lamp installations;
– installations on ships according to IEC 60092 (all parts) and offshore units according to
IEC 61892 (all parts), which are used in the offshore petroleum industry for drilling,
processing and storage purposes;
– electrostatic equipment (e.g. electrostatic precipitators, spray-painting units);
– test sites;
– medical equipment, e.g. medical X-ray equipment.
This document does not apply to the design of prefabricated, type-tested switchgear and high
voltage/low voltage prefabricated substation, for which separate IEC standards exist.
NOTE 2 The scope of this document does not include the requirements for carrying out live working on electrical
power installations.
NOTE 3 The scope of this document considers safety requirements for HV installations and the influences of HV
installations on LV installations. For electrical installations up to 1 kV, IEC 60364 (all parts) applies.

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IEC TR 62039:2021(E) presents the important material properties of polymeric materials used in outdoor insulation and, where applicable, lists standardized test methods including minimum requirements. If no standardized tests are available, the test methods reported in literature are summarized.
This document is valid for insulating materials having polymeric insulation, which are used in outdoor high voltage electrical applications with a system voltage greater than 1 000 V AC and 1 500 V DC (several tests are only defined for alternating current, which are not applicable for direct current). Such applications are relevant where the housing is an integral part of the device, for example in surge arresters and cable terminations. The scope of this document is limited to the insulation materials only and is not generally intended for coating materials (coating materials are, for example, thin layers applied on toughened glass and ceramic). Some tests mentioned in this document are applicable for coating and are under consideration by CIGRE. The performance of insulators in service depends on several factors such as the type of material, the design and environmental conditions. Consequently, the choice of materials that fulfil the requirements listed in Table 1 is a necessary condition but does not guarantee satisfactory performance when used in outdoor insulation.

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IEC 61936-1:2021 provides requirements for the design and the erection of electrical power installations in systems with nominal voltages exceeding 1 kV AC and nominal frequency up to and including 60 Hz, so as to provide safety and proper functioning for the use intended.
This document does not apply to the design and erection of any of the following:
– overhead and underground lines between separate electrical power installations;
– electrified railway tracks and rolling stock;
– mining equipment and installations;
– fluorescent lamp installations;
– installations on ships according to IEC 60092 (all parts) and offshore units according to IEC 61892 (all parts), which are used in the offshore petroleum industry for drilling, processing and storage purposes;
– electrostatic equipment (e.g. electrostatic precipitators, spray-painting units);
– test sites;
– medical equipment, e.g. medical X-ray equipment.
This document does not apply to the design of prefabricated, type-tested switchgear and high voltage/low voltage prefabricated substation, for which separate IEC standards exist.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:  
introduction has been rewritten to reflect the status when this document is produced;
the scope has been improved to clarify the application of this document;
missing and obsolete terms and definitions have been updated including improvement of existing terms;
Table 1 has been updated where agreements between supplier and user are needed;
requirements of electromagnetic compatibility have been clarified;
insulation coordination clause (Clause 5) has improved wording for better clarity and the technical content has an updated coordination to the latest versions of the insulation coordination standards;
wording regarding electrical equipment has been improved and made clearer;
subclause for fuses has been improved and reworded;
requirements have been added for labelling when multiple sources are required to be disconnected;
missing requirements for GIS have been reintroduced;
subclause regarding ventilation (HVAC) has been improved;
figures in Clause 7 have been updated and moved to the corresponding subclause;
requirements for transformer installations have been improved including adjustment of editorial typing-errors;
clause on protection, automation and auxiliary systems has been restructured and improved;
protection against lightning strokes has been extended;
clarification of content due to the distinction between erection (and providing electrical safety for the intended use of the electrical power installation) and subsequent activities such as maintenance and repair with safe working procedures;
where no provincial, national or regional regulations are available for safe working procedures, an informative guideline is provided in Annex F. This replaces the former parts of Figure 3 in Clause 7.

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This part of IEC 60071 applies to three-phase AC systems having a highest voltage for
equipment above 1 kV. It specifies the procedure for the selection of the rated withstand
voltages for the phase-to-earth, phase-to-phase and longitudinal insulation of the equipment
and the installations of these systems. It also gives the lists of the standard withstand
voltages from which the rated withstand voltages are selected.
This document describes that the selected withstand voltages are associated with the highest
voltage for equipment. This association is for insulation co-ordination purposes only. The
requirements for human safety are not covered by this document.
Although the principles of this document also apply to transmission line insulation, the values
of their withstand voltages can be different from the standard rated withstand voltages.
The apparatus committees are responsible for specifying the rated withstand voltages and the
test procedures suitable for the relevant equipment taking into consideration the
recommendations of this document.
NOTE In IEC 60071-2, all rules for insulation co-ordination given in this document are justified in detail, in
particular the association of the standard rated withstand voltages with the highest voltage for equipment. When
more than one set of standard rated withstand voltages is associated with the same highest voltage for equipment,
guidance is provided for the selection of the most suitable set.
This horizontal standard is primarily intended for use by technical committees in the
preparation of standards in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 108.
One of the responsibilities of a technical committee is, wherever applicable, to make use of
horizontal standards in the preparation of its publications. The contents of this horizontal
standard will not apply unless specifically referred to or included in the relevant publications.

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IEC 61083-1:2021 is applicable to digital recorders, including digital oscilloscopes, used for measurements during tests with high impulse voltages and high impulse currents. It specifies the measuring characteristics and calibrations required to meet the measuring uncertainties and procedures specified in IEC 60060-2 and IEC 62475.
This document
• defines the terms specifically related to digital recorders;
• specifies the necessary requirements for such instruments to ensure their compliance with the requirements for high-voltage and high-current impulse tests;
• establishes the tests and procedures necessary to demonstrate their compliance;
• covers digital recorders that permit access to raw data from permanent or temporary storage;
• covers peak meters used for measuring the extreme value of lightning impulses, the peak value of switching or current impulses.
It has the status of a horizontal standard in accordance with IEC Guide 108.
This horizontal standard is primarily intended for use by technical committees in the preparation of standards in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 108. One of the responsibilities of a technical committee is, wherever applicable, to make use of horizontal standards in the preparation of its publications. The contents of this horizontal standard will not apply unless specifically referred to or included in the relevant publications.
This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2001. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) Requirements for static integral non-linearity and static differential non-linearity have been removed.
b) Requirement for impulse scale factor non-linearity has been added.
c) Uncertainty requirements for impulse calibrators have been revised.
d) Requirements for peak voltmeter have been revised.

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IEC 60433:2021 is applicable to string insulator units of the long rod type with insulating parts of ceramic material intended for use in AC overhead power lines with a nominal voltage greater than 1000 V and a frequency not greater than 100 Hz. It is also applicable to insulators of similar design, used in substations. This document is applicable to ceramic string insulator units of the long rod type, either with a clevis end fitting at both ends for coupling with a tongue, or with a socket end fitting at both ends for coupling with a pin ball. The object of this document is to prescribe specified values for electrical and mechanical characteristics, and for the principal dimensions of ceramic string insulator units of the long rod type. This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 1998. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- wording in Scope changed from "should" to "are intended to";
- new normative references added;
- title of Clause 4 amended, new Note 4 added;
- Table 1 expanded to include more specified mechanical failing loads.

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IEC 60305:2021 applies to string insulator units of the cap and pin type with insulating parts of ceramic material or glass, intended for AC overhead lines with a nominal voltage greater than 1 000 V and a frequency not greater than 100 Hz. It also applies to insulators of similar design used in substations. This document applies to string insulator units of the cap and pin type either with ball and socket couplings or with clevis and tongue couplings. This document applies to string insulator units for use on overhead lines in clean areas and polluted areas. For use in areas characterized by very heavy pollution levels and for other particular or extreme environmental conditions, it may be necessary for certain dimensions to be changed and insulator units having different creepage distances, spacing and forms may be preferred (for example, flat profile, hemispherical etc.). Insulators for use on DC systems may also need different dimensions. In any case, it is applicable that the standardized mechanical characteristics of this document and coupling sizes are retained. This fifth edition cancels and replaces the fourth edition published in 1995. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- wording in Scope changed from "it is recommended" to "it is applicable";
- new normative references added;
- electromechanical or mechanical failing load in Clause 4 specified;
- new figures added showing profiles.

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IEC TR 61858-3:2020(E) provides information on the identification of electrical insulating materials and auxiliary components for the assessment of modifications to an established insulation system and gives guidance on the selection of feasible test procedures.

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This international standard is applicable to locking devices used with ball and socket
couplings of string insulator units and used with the corresponding metal fittings standardized
in IEC 60120, when they are supplied separately.
When these locking devices are supplied with an insulator or fitting, they are considered as an
integral part of it. In this case, the relevant test is to be included with those of insulators, as
specified in IEC 60383-1 and IEC 61325. On request, a certificate is to be delivered
confirming that the tests on locking devices as specified in this document have been carried
out. The locking devices are usually supplied with the insulator or corresponding metal fittings.
The object of this document is
• to define the shapes and some standard dimensions for locking devices,
• to define the test methods for locking devices,
• to state the acceptance conditions for supply,
• to give other dimensions for guidance of manufacturing only.
The object of this document does not include the specification of the nature of the material,
and the material covered by the scope of this document does not have a surface coating for
corrosion protection. However, the material which will give rise to significant contact
corrosion(chemical reaction) between the locking device and the ball and socket coupling
does not covered by this document.

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This international standard applies to string insulator units of the cap and pin type and also of
the long rod type as well as the fittings used with such insulators.
The object of this document is to define the dimensions of a series of clevis and tongue
couplings to permit the assembly of insulators or fittings supplied by different manufacturers.
NOTE 1 IEC 60305 gives the coordination between the standardized dimensions of Table 1 and the strength
classes of cap and pin insulator. IEC 60433 gives the coordination between the standardized dimensions of Table 2
and the strength classes of long rod insulators.
NOTE 2 If the dimensions given in Table 1 are not sufficient, higher strength classes are given in IEC 60305.

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The object of this international standard is to define the dimensions of a series of standard
ball and socket couplings using the standard locking devices (see IEC 60372) in order to
permit the assembly of insulators or metal fittings supplied by different manufacturers.
This document applies to string insulator units of the cap and pin and long rod types and their
associated metal fittings.
For the pin ball and the socket, dimensions apply to the finished product after any surface
treatment.
Extreme positions of the pin ball in the socket are given in Annex A.
Typical examples of gauges for checking the dimensions of pin balls and sockets are given in
Annex B.
NOTE Only the dimensions necessary for assembly are dealt with in this standard. Properties of material and
working loads are not specified. The co-ordination of dimensions with strength classes is specified in IEC 60305
and IEC 60433.

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This part of IEC 60664 deals with insulation coordination for equipment having a
rated voltage up to AC 1 000 V or DC 1 500 V connected to low-voltage supply systems.
This document applies to frequencies up to 30 kHz.
NOTE 1 Requirements for insulation coordination for equipment within low-voltage supply systems with rated
frequencies above 30 kHz are given in IEC 60664-4.
NOTE 2 Higher voltages can exist in internal circuits of the equipment.
It applies to equipment for use up to 2 000 m above sea level and provides guidance for use
at higher altitudes (See 5.2.3.4).
It provides requirements for technical committees to determine clearances, creepage
distances and criteria for solid insulation. It includes methods of electrical testing with
respect to insulation coordination.
The minimum clearances specified in this document do not apply where ionized gases are
present. Special requirements for such situations can be specified at the discretion of the
relevant technical committee.
This document does not deal with distances:
– through liquid insulation;
– through gases other than air;
– through compressed air.
This basic safety publication focusing on safety essential requirements is primarily intended
for use by technical committees in the preparation of standards in accordance with the
principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and ISO/IEC Guide 51.
One of the responsibilities of a technical committee is, wherever applicable, to make use of
basic safety publications in the preparation of its publications.
However, in case of missing specified values for clearances, creepage distances and
requirements for solid insulation in the relevant product standards, or even missing
standards, this document applies.

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IEC 60372:2020 is applicable to locking devices used with ball and socket couplings of string insulator units and used with the corresponding metal fittings standardized in IEC 60120, when they are supplied separately.The object of this document is
- to define the shapes and some standard dimensions for locking devices,
- to define the test methods for locking devices,
- to state the acceptance conditions for supply,
- to give other dimensions for guidance of manufacturing only.
This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 1984. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a. Two new designated size of couplings, 36 and 40, were introduced;
b. the relevant content of the 28B W-clip was deleted;
c. Annex A is informative, Annex B is normative, Annex C is informative.

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IEC 60120:2020 define the dimensions of a series of standard ball and socket couplings using the standard locking devices (see IEC 60372) in order to permit the assembly of insulators or metal fittings supplied by different manufacturers. This document applies to string insulator units of the cap and pin and long rod types and their associated metal fittings. For the pin ball and the socket, dimensions apply to the finished product after any surface treatment. Extreme positions of the pin ball in the socket are given in annex. Typical examples of gauges for checking the dimensions of pin balls and sockets are given in annex.

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IEC 60471:2020 applies to string insulator units of the cap and pin type and also of the long rod type as well as the fittings used with such insulators. The object of this document is to define the dimensions of a series of clevis and tongue couplings to permit the assembly of insulators or fittings supplied by different manufacturers.
This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 1977. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- there are no new clevis and tongue couplings;
- For the dimensions of the existing designated size of couplings that characterize the same location, the effective number of the size is unified.

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IEC 61557-11:2020 is available as IEC 61557-11:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 61557-11:2020 specifies the requirements for test equipment applied to the testing of the effectiveness of residual current monitors (RCM) that are already installed in distribution systems. This test equipment can be used in any kind of network, such as a TN, TT or IT system. The test equipment can also be used for testing directionally discriminating residual current monitors (RCM) in IT systems. It is not the purpose of this document to verify the residual current monitors (RCM) according to their product standards. IEC 61557-11:2020 cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2009. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) document title modified to include all types of RCM;
b) terms aligned with IEC 60050;
c) addition of requirements for testing new types of RCM;
d) moving of requirements for RCM Type B from former Annex A to main body text;
e) alignment of the structure with that of the whole IEC 61557 series.

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IEC 60664-1:2020 deals with insulation coordination for equipment having a rated voltage up to AC 1 000 V or DC 1 500 V connected to low-voltage supply systems. This document applies to frequencies up to 30 kHz. It applies to equipment for use up to 2 000 m above sea level and provides guidance for use at higher altitudes. It provides requirements for technical committees to determine clearances, creepage distances and criteria for solid insulation. It includes methods of electrical testing with respect to insulation coordination. The minimum clearances specified in this document do not apply where ionized gases are present. Special requirements for such situations can be specified at the discretion of the relevant technical committee. This document does not deal with distances:
– through liquid insulation;
– through gases other than air;
– through compressed air.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:  
update of the Scope, Clauses 2 and 3,
addition of 1 500 V DC into tables,
new structure for Clauses 4 and 5,
addition of Annex G with a flowchart for clearances,
addition of Annex H with a flowchart for creepage distances,
update of distances altitude correction in a new Table F.10.  
It has the status of a basic safety publication in accordance with IEC Guide 104.
The contents of the corrigendum of October 2020 have been included in this copy.

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EN-IEC 61857 series is focused on applications where other possible factors need to be incorporated to evaluate any influence on the performance of the electrical insulation system (EIS). Multi- factor evaluation is the most complex type of project to design and conduct. Clear guidelines are needed to give the user of this document a uniform approach and a method to analyse the test results. This document is for applications where the stresses are some combination of other factors of influence identified in IEC 60505. The multi-factor stresses are applied during the diagnostic portion of each test cycle. A few examples of other factors of influence or multi-factor stresses are: - high vibration; - submersion in oils, water, or solutions; - voltage higher than the test voltage of the reference EIS; - decreased cold shock temperature.

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IEC 61857-32:2019 series is focused on applications where other possible factors need to be incorporated to evaluate any influence on the performance of the electrical insulation system (EIS). Multi-factor evaluation is the most complex type of project to design and conduct. Clear guidelines are needed to give the user of this document a uniform approach and a method to analyse the test results. This document is for applications where the stresses are some combination of other factors of influence identified in IEC 60505. The multi-factor stresses are applied during the diagnostic portion of each test cycle. A few examples of other factors of influence or multi-factor stresses are: – high vibration; – submersion in oils, water, or solutions; – voltage higher than the test voltage of the reference EIS; – decreased cold shock temperature.

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EN IEC 60034-18-41 defines criteria for assessing the insulation system of stator/rotor windings which are subjected to voltage-source pulse-width-modulation (PWM) drives. It applies to stator/rotor windings of single or polyphase AC machines with insulation systems for converter operation. It describes qualification tests and quality control (type and routine) tests on representative samples or on completed machines which verify fitness for operation with voltage source converters. This standard does not apply to: - rotating machines which are only started by converters; - rotating electrical machines with rated voltage ≤ 300 V r.m.s.; - rotor windings of rotating electrical machines operating at ≤ 200 V (peak).

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This document is applicable to composite line post insulators for AC overhead lines with a nominal voltage greater than 1 000 V and a frequency not greater than 100 Hz. It also applies to line post insulators of similar design used in substations or on electric traction lines. This document applies to line post insulators of composite type, generally with metallic couplings, with and without a base plate. It also applies to such insulators when used in complex structures. It does not apply to hollow insulators adapted for use as line post insulators. The object of this document is to specify the main dimensions of the couplings to be used on the composite line post insulators in order to permit the assembly of insulators or fittings supplied by different manufacturers and to allow, whenever practical, interchangeability with existing installations. It also specifies a standard designation system for composite line post insulators.

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IEC 61857-32:2019 series is focused on applications where other possible factors need to be incorporated to evaluate any influence on the performance of the electrical insulation system (EIS). Multi-factor evaluation is the most complex type of project to design and conduct. Clear guidelines are needed to give the user of this document a uniform approach and a method to analyse the test results.
This document is for applications where the stresses are some combination of other factors of influence identified in IEC 60505. The multi-factor stresses are applied during the diagnostic portion of each test cycle.
A few examples of other factors of influence or multi-factor stresses are:
– high vibration;
– submersion in oils, water, or solutions;
– voltage higher than the test voltage of the reference EIS;
– decreased cold shock temperature.

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IEC 60071-1:2019 is available as IEC 60071-1:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60071-1:2019 applies to three-phase AC systems having a highest voltage for equipment above 1 kV. It specifies the procedure for the selection of the rated withstand voltages for the phase-to-earth, phase-to-phase and longitudinal insulation of the equipment and the installations of these systems. It also gives the lists of the standard withstand voltages from which the rated withstand voltages are selected. This document describes that the selected withstand voltages are associated with the highest voltage for equipment. This association is for insulation co-ordination purposes only. The requirements for human safety are not covered by this document. Although the principles of this document also apply to transmission line insulation, the values of their withstand voltages can be different from the standard rated withstand voltages. The apparatus committees are responsible for specifying the rated withstand voltages and the test procedures suitable for the relevant equipment taking into consideration the recommendations of this document. NOTE In IEC 60071-2, all rules for insulation co‑ordination given in this document are justified in detail, in particular the association of the standard rated withstand voltages with the highest voltage for equipment. When more than one set of standard rated withstand voltages is associated with the same highest voltage for equipment, guidance is provided for the selection of the most suitable set. The main changes from the previous edition are as follows: - all references are updated to current IEC standards, and the bibliography is deleted; - some definitions are clarified in order to avoid overlapping and ensure clear understanding; - letter symbols are changed and corrected in order to keep the consistency with relevant IEC standards; - some titles are changed to clarify understanding (see Clauses A.2, A.3 and Annex B).

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IEC 60071-1:2019 is available as IEC 60071-1:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 60071-1:2019 applies to three-phase AC systems having a highest voltage for equipment above 1 kV. It specifies the procedure for the selection of the rated withstand voltages for the phase-to-earth, phase-to-phase and longitudinal insulation of the equipment and the installations of these systems. It also gives the lists of the standard withstand voltages from which the rated withstand voltages are selected. This document describes that the selected withstand voltages are associated with the highest voltage for equipment. This association is for insulation co-ordination purposes only. The requirements for human safety are not covered by this document. Although the principles of this document also apply to transmission line insulation, the values of their withstand voltages can be different from the standard rated withstand voltages. The apparatus committees are responsible for specifying the rated withstand voltages and the test procedures suitable for the relevant equipment taking into consideration the recommendations of this document.
NOTE In IEC 60071-2, all rules for insulation co‑ordination given in this document are justified in detail, in particular the association of the standard rated withstand voltages with the highest voltage for equipment. When more than one set of standard rated withstand voltages is associated with the same highest voltage for equipment, guidance is provided for the selection of the most suitable set.
The main changes from the previous edition are as follows:
- all references are updated to current IEC standards, and the bibliography is deleted;
- some definitions are clarified in order to avoid overlapping and ensure clear understanding;
- letter symbols are changed and corrected in order to keep the consistency with relevant IEC standards;
- some titles are changed to clarify understanding (see Clauses A.2, A.3 and Annex B).
It has the status of a horizontal standard in accordance with IEC Guide 108.

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IEC 61557-2:2019 is available as IEC 61557-2:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-2:2019 specifies the requirements applicable to equipment for measuring the insulation resistance of equipment and installations in the de-energized state IEC 61557-2:2019 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) addition of requirements as regards measurement category;
b) addition of new requirements for operating instructions;
c) alignment of the structure with that of the the whole IEC 61557 series.

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IEC 61557-4:2019 is available as IEC 61557-4:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-4:2019 specifies the requirements applicable to equipment for measuring the resistance of earth conductors, protective earth conductors and conductors for equipotential bonding, including their connections and terminals, with an indication of the measured value or an indication of the limits. IEC 61557-4:2019 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) complement to the measurement category in Clause 4;
b) correction of the equation for operating uncertainty;
c) complement to the requirements for measuring with DC;
d) alignment of the structure with that of the whole IEC 61557 series.

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IEC 61557-5:2019 is available as IEC 61557-5:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-5:2019 specifies the requirements applicable to measuring equipment for measuring the resistance to earth using an AC voltage. IEC 61557-5:2019 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) definitions and symbols in Clause 3 modified;
b) subclauses in Clause 4 restructured and aligned with other parts of the series;
c) limits for reduced voltages 25 V RMS or 35 V peak removed from 4.5;
d) requirements for clamps added;
e) marking for rated voltages to earth and measurement category added to Clause 5;
f) warning about absence of hazardous voltage added in Clause 5;
g) the term "percentage operating uncertainty" replaced by "operating uncertainty" in Clause 6;
h) equation for uncertainty corrected in Table 1;
i) new Annex A on test measurements with loop clamps added.

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IEC 61557-1:2019 is available as IEC 61557-1:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-1:2019 specifies the general requirements applicable to measuring and monitoring equipment for testing the electrical safety in low-voltage distribution systems with nominal voltages up to 1 000 V AC and 1 500 V DC. When measuring equipment or measuring installations involve measurement tasks of various measuring equipment covered by this series of standards, then the part of this series relevant to each of the measurement tasks is applicable. Other parts of IEC 61557 can specify additional requirements or deviations. This document does not cover functional safety or cybersecurity. IEC 61557-1:2019 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This third edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) terms aligned with IEC 60050;
b) measurement of uncertainty revised according to the equations in 4.2 of ISO/IEC Guide 98-3:2008 (GUM);
c) updated references for safety and EMC requirements;
d) updated references for marking and operating instructions;
e) updated references for testing safety and EMC;
f) Annex A contains an explanation of GUM;
g) Annex B addresses environmental aspects.

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IEC 61557-6:2019 is available as IEC 61557-6:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-6:2019 specifies the requirements applicable to measuring equipment for testing the effectiveness of protective measures of residual current devices (RCD) installed in TT, TN and IT systems. It is not the purpose of this document to verify the RCD according to their product standards. IEC 61557-6:2019 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) addition of requirements for testing a new type of RCD;
b) addition of requirements for type B RCDs (former Annex B);
c) addition of new Annex B on recommended tripping times;
d) alignment of the structure with that of the whole IEC 61557 series.

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IEC 61557-3:2019 is available as IEC 61557-3:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-3:2019 specifies the requirements applicable to equipment for measuring the loop impedance between a line conductor and protective conductor; between a line conductor and neutral; or between two line conductors by using the voltage drop when the circuit under test is loaded. IEC 61557-3:2019 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) addition of equirements as regards the measurement category;
b) addition of new requirements for operating instructions;
c) alignment of the structure with that of the whole IEC 61557 series.

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    21 pages
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IEC 61557-7:2019 is available as IEC 61557-7:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-7:2019 specifies the requirements applicable to measuring equipment for testing the phase sequence in three-phase distribution systems. Indication of the phase sequence can be mechanical, visual and/or audible. This document does not apply to additional measurements for other quantities. It does not apply to monitoring relays. IEC 61557-7:2019 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) alignment of the structure with that of the whole IEC 61557 series;
b) updated requirements in 4.3 in accordance with new editions of IEC 61010-1 and IEC 61010-031;
c) the information on markings was extended;
d) the information on the operating instructions was extended;
e) complement to the information on the testing of leads;
f) test leads for insulated conductors were introduced;
g) Annex B was added with information on phase sequence tests and indications.

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This part of IEC 61952 is applicable to composite line post insulators for AC overhead lines with a nominal voltage greater than 1 000 V and a frequency not greater than 100 Hz. It also applies to line post insulators of similar design used in substations or on electric traction lines. This document applies to line post insulators of composite type, generally with metallic couplings, with and without a base plate. It also applies to such insulators when used in complex structures. It does not apply to hollow insulators adapted for use as line post insulators. The object of this document is to specify the main dimensions of the couplings to be used on the composite line post insulators in order to permit the assembly of insulators or fittings supplied by different manufacturers and to allow, whenever practical, interchangeability with existing installations. It also specifies a standard designation system for composite line post insulators.

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CCMC - wrong standard reference to be corrected

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This document is applicable to plug-in type bushings, according to EN 60137, 72,5 kV, rated currents
from 630 A up to 1 250 A and frequencies from 15 Hz up to 60 Hz for single or three-phase arrangements in electrical equipment like liquid filled transformers or gas insulated switchgear and controlgear. It complements and amends, if necessary, the relevant EN standards.
The application of such plug-in type bushings is derived from EN 50180 and EN 50181 but applied for higher voltages with described deviations to EN 50299-2 and EN 62271-209.
This standard does not cover the connection assembly as described in EN 50299-2 and EN 62271-209.
EN 60137 and HD 632 series outline the qualification, type test, routine and sample test of plug-in type bushings according to this standard.
This document establishes essential dimensions and testing procedures, to ensure adequate mounting and interchangeability of mating plug-in separable connectors of equivalent ratings.

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