This part of IEC 60071 applies to three-phase AC systems having a highest voltage for
equipment above 1 kV. It specifies the procedure for the selection of the rated withstand
voltages for the phase-to-earth, phase-to-phase and longitudinal insulation of the equipment
and the installations of these systems. It also gives the lists of the standard withstand
voltages from which the rated withstand voltages are selected.
This document describes that the selected withstand voltages are associated with the highest
voltage for equipment. This association is for insulation co-ordination purposes only. The
requirements for human safety are not covered by this document.
Although the principles of this document also apply to transmission line insulation, the values
of their withstand voltages can be different from the standard rated withstand voltages.
The apparatus committees are responsible for specifying the rated withstand voltages and the
test procedures suitable for the relevant equipment taking into consideration the
recommendations of this document.
NOTE In IEC 60071-2, all rules for insulation co-ordination given in this document are justified in detail, in
particular the association of the standard rated withstand voltages with the highest voltage for equipment. When
more than one set of standard rated withstand voltages is associated with the same highest voltage for equipment,
guidance is provided for the selection of the most suitable set.
This horizontal standard is primarily intended for use by technical committees in the
preparation of standards in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 108.
One of the responsibilities of a technical committee is, wherever applicable, to make use of
horizontal standards in the preparation of its publications. The contents of this horizontal
standard will not apply unless specifically referred to or included in the relevant publications.

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IEC 61557-11:2020 is available as IEC 61557-11:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-11:2020 specifies the requirements for test equipment applied to the testing of the effectiveness of residual current monitors (RCM) that are already installed in distribution systems. This test equipment can be used in any kind of network, such as a TN, TT or IT system. The test equipment can also be used for testing directionally discriminating residual current monitors (RCM) in IT systems. It is not the purpose of this document to verify the residual current monitors (RCM) according to their product standards. IEC 61557-11:2020 cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2009. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) document title modified to include all types of RCM;
b) terms aligned with IEC 60050;
c) addition of requirements for testing new types of RCM;
d) moving of requirements for RCM Type B from former Annex A to main body text;
e) alignment of the structure with that of the whole IEC 61557 series.

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IEC 61557-6:2019 is available as IEC 61557-6:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-6:2019 specifies the requirements applicable to measuring equipment for testing the effectiveness of protective measures of residual current devices (RCD) installed in TT, TN and IT systems. It is not the purpose of this document to verify the RCD according to their product standards. IEC 61557-6:2019 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) addition of requirements for testing a new type of RCD;
b) addition of requirements for type B RCDs (former Annex B);
c) addition of new Annex B on recommended tripping times;
d) alignment of the structure with that of the whole IEC 61557 series.

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    28 pages
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IEC 61557-3:2019 is available as IEC 61557-3:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-3:2019 specifies the requirements applicable to equipment for measuring the loop impedance between a line conductor and protective conductor; between a line conductor and neutral; or between two line conductors by using the voltage drop when the circuit under test is loaded. IEC 61557-3:2019 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) addition of equirements as regards the measurement category;
b) addition of new requirements for operating instructions;
c) alignment of the structure with that of the whole IEC 61557 series.

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    21 pages
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IEC 61557-2:2019 is available as IEC 61557-2:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-2:2019 specifies the requirements applicable to equipment for measuring the insulation resistance of equipment and installations in the de-energized state IEC 61557-2:2019 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) addition of requirements as regards measurement category;
b) addition of new requirements for operating instructions;
c) alignment of the structure with that of the the whole IEC 61557 series.

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    19 pages
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IEC 61557-1:2019 is available as IEC 61557-1:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-1:2019 specifies the general requirements applicable to measuring and monitoring equipment for testing the electrical safety in low-voltage distribution systems with nominal voltages up to 1 000 V AC and 1 500 V DC. When measuring equipment or measuring installations involve measurement tasks of various measuring equipment covered by this series of standards, then the part of this series relevant to each of the measurement tasks is applicable. Other parts of IEC 61557 can specify additional requirements or deviations. This document does not cover functional safety or cybersecurity. IEC 61557-1:2019 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This third edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) terms aligned with IEC 60050;
b) measurement of uncertainty revised according to the equations in 4.2 of ISO/IEC Guide 98-3:2008 (GUM);
c) updated references for safety and EMC requirements;
d) updated references for marking and operating instructions;
e) updated references for testing safety and EMC;
f) Annex A contains an explanation of GUM;
g) Annex B addresses environmental aspects.

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    50 pages
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IEC 61557-5:2019 is available as IEC 61557-5:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-5:2019 specifies the requirements applicable to measuring equipment for measuring the resistance to earth using an AC voltage. IEC 61557-5:2019 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) definitions and symbols in Clause 3 modified;
b) subclauses in Clause 4 restructured and aligned with other parts of the series;
c) limits for reduced voltages 25 V RMS or 35 V peak removed from 4.5;
d) requirements for clamps added;
e) marking for rated voltages to earth and measurement category added to Clause 5;
f) warning about absence of hazardous voltage added in Clause 5;
g) the term "percentage operating uncertainty" replaced by "operating uncertainty" in Clause 6;
h) equation for uncertainty corrected in Table 1;
i) new Annex A on test measurements with loop clamps added.

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    24 pages
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IEC 61557-7:2019 is available as IEC 61557-7:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-7:2019 specifies the requirements applicable to measuring equipment for testing the phase sequence in three-phase distribution systems. Indication of the phase sequence can be mechanical, visual and/or audible. This document does not apply to additional measurements for other quantities. It does not apply to monitoring relays. IEC 61557-7:2019 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) alignment of the structure with that of the whole IEC 61557 series;
b) updated requirements in 4.3 in accordance with new editions of IEC 61010-1 and IEC 61010-031;
c) the information on markings was extended;
d) the information on the operating instructions was extended;
e) complement to the information on the testing of leads;
f) test leads for insulated conductors were introduced;
g) Annex B was added with information on phase sequence tests and indications.

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IEC 61557-4:2019 is available as IEC 61557-4:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-4:2019 specifies the requirements applicable to equipment for measuring the resistance of earth conductors, protective earth conductors and conductors for equipotential bonding, including their connections and terminals, with an indication of the measured value or an indication of the limits. IEC 61557-4:2019 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) complement to the measurement category in Clause 4;
b) correction of the equation for operating uncertainty;
c) complement to the requirements for measuring with DC;
d) alignment of the structure with that of the whole IEC 61557 series.

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IEC 61557-12:2018 is available as IEC 61557-12:2018 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61557-12:2018 specifies requirements for power metering and monitoring devices (PMD) that measure and monitor the electrical quantities within electrical distribution systems, and optionally other external signals. These requirements also define the performance in single- and three-phase AC or DC systems having rated voltages up to 1 000 V AC or up to 1 500 V DC. These devices are fixed or portable. They are intended to be used indoors and/or outdoors. Power metering and monitoring devices (PMD), as defined in this document, give additional safety information, which aids the verification of the installation and enhances the performance of the distribution systems. The power metering and monitoring devices (PMD) for electrical parameters described in this document are used for general industrial and commercial applications. This document does not address functional safety and cyber security aspects. This document is not applicable for:
– electricity metering equipment that complies with IEC 62053-21, IEC 62053-22, IEC 62053-23 and IEC 62053-24. Nevertheless, uncertainties defined in this document for active and reactive energy measurement are derived from those defined in IEC 62053 (all parts);
– the measurement and monitoring of electrical parameters defined in IEC 61557-2 to IEC 61557-9 and IEC 61557-13 or in IEC 62020;
– power quality instrument (PQI) according IEC 62586 (all parts);
– devices covered by IEC 60051 (all parts) (direct acting analogue electrical measuring instrument). IEC 61557-12:2018 cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) PMD-A has been withdrawn due the fact these devices are now mainly covered by the IEC 62586 series of standards.
b) Three categories of PMD have been created with a list of minimum required functions for each category.
c) Added a new Annex A explaining the different applications linked to the relevant standards and devices, and another new Annex C about the power factor conventions.

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This part of IEC 60071 constitutes application guidelines and deals with the selection of
insulation levels of equipment or installations for three-phase electrical systems. Its aim is to
give guidance for the determination of the rated withstand voltages for ranges I and II of
IEC 60071-1 and to justify the association of these rated values with the standardized highest
voltages for equipment.
This association is for insulation co-ordination purposes only. The requirements for human
safety are not covered by this document.
This document covers three-phase systems with nominal voltages above 1 kV. The values
derived or proposed herein are generally applicable only to such systems. However, the
concepts presented are also valid for two-phase or single-phase systems.
This document covers phase-to-earth, phase-to-phase and longitudinal insulation.
This document is not intended to deal with routine tests. These are to be specified by the
relevant product committees.
The content of this document strictly follows the flow chart of the insulation co-ordination
process presented in Figure 1 of IEC 60071-1:2006. Clauses 4 to 7 correspond to the squares
in this flow chart and give detailed information on the concepts governing the insulation coordination
process which leads to the establishment of the required withstand levels.
This document emphasizes the necessity of considering, at the very beginning, all origins, all
classes and all types of voltage stresses in service irrespective of the range of highest voltage
for equipment. Only at the end of the process, when the selection of the standard withstand
voltages takes place, does the principle of covering a particular service voltage stress by a
standard withstand voltage apply. Also, at this final step, this document refers to the
correlation made in IEC 60071-1 between the standard insulation levels and the highest
voltage for equipment.
The annexes contain examples and detailed information which explain or support the
concepts described in the main text, and the basic analytical techniques used.

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IEC 60077-1:2017 is now available as IEC 60077-1:2017 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 60077-1:2017 specifies the general service conditions and requirements for all electric equipment installed in power circuits, auxiliary circuits, control and indicating circuits etc., on railway rolling stock. The purpose of this document is to harmonize as far as practicable all rules and requirements of a general nature applicable to electric equipment for rolling stock. This new edition includes the following main technical changes with regard to the previous edition:
- descriptions regarding insulation coordination, environmental conditions and those of current return and protective bonding are deleted and replaced by references to IEC 62497‑1, IEC 62498-1 and IEC 61991;
- classification of equipment type is introduced;
- temperature limits and temperature rise tests are reviewed.

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This part EN 50124 deals with insulation coordination in railways. It applies to equipment for use in signalling, rolling stock and fixed installations.
Insulation coordination is concerned with the selection, dimensioning and correlation of insulation both within and between items of equipment. In dimensioning insulation, electrical stresses and environmental conditions are taken into account. For the same conditions and stresses these dimensions are the same.
An objective of insulation coordination is to avoid unnecessary over dimensioning of insulation.
This standard specifies:
requirements for clearances and creepage distances for equipment;
general requirements for tests pertaining to insulation coordination.
The term equipment relates to a section as defined in 3.3 it may apply to a system, a sub-system, an apparatus, a part of an apparatus, or a physical realisation of an equipotential line.
This standard does not deal with:
distances through solid or liquid insulation;
distances through gases other than air;
distances through air not at atmospheric pressure;
equipment used under extreme conditions.
Product standards have to align with this generic standard.
However, they may require, with justification, different requirements due to safety and/or reliability reasons, e.g. for signalling, and/or particular operating conditions of the equipment itself, e. g. overhead contact lines which have to comply to EN 50119.
This standard also gives provisions for dielectric tests (type tests or routine tests) on equipment (see Annex B).
NOTEFor safety critical systems, specific requirements are needed. These requirements are given in the product specific signalling standard EN 50129.

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This part of EN 50124 applies to:
Fixed installations (downstream the secondary of the substation transformer) and rolling stock equipment linked to the contact line of one of the systems defined in EN 50163;
Rolling stock equipment linked to a train line.
This standard gives simulation and/or test requirements for protection against transient overvoltages of such equipment.
Long-term overvoltages are not treated in this document.

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This European Standard deals with insulation coordination in railways. It applies to equipment for use in signalling, rolling stock and fixed installations. Insulation coordination is concerned with the selection, dimensioning and correlation of insulation both within and between items of equipment. In dimensioning insulation, electrical stresses and environmental conditions are taken into account. For the same conditions and stresses, these dimensions are the same. An objective of insulation coordination is to avoid unnecessary over dimensioning of insulation. This standard specifies: - requirements for clearances and creepage distances for equipment; - general requirements for tests pertaining to insulation coordination. The term equipment relates to a section as defined in 3.3 it may apply to a system, a sub-system, an apparatus, a part of an apparatus, or a physical realization of an equipotential line. This standard does not deal with: - distances through solid or liquid insulation; - distances through gases other than air; - distances through air not at atmospheric pressure; - equipment used under extreme conditions. Product standards should align with this generic standard. However, they may require, with justification, different requirements due to safety and/or reliability reasons, e.g. for signalling, and/or particular operating conditions of the equipment itself, e.g. overhead contact lines which should comply with EN 50119. This standard also gives provisions for dielectric tests (type tests or routine tests) on equipment (see Annex B). NOTE For safety critical systems, specific requirements are needed. These requirements are given in the product specific signalling standard EN 50129.

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This European Standard applies to: - fixed installations (downstream of the secondary of the substation transformer) and rolling stock equipment linked to the contact line of one of the systems defined in EN 50163; - rolling stock equipment linked to a train line. This European Standard gives simulation and/or test requirements for protection against transient overvoltages of such equipment. Long-term overvoltages are not addressed in this document.

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Provides guidance on the procedures for insulation co-ordination of high-voltage direct current (HVDC) converter stations, without prescribing standardized insulation levels. Applies only for HVDC applications in high-voltage a.c. power systems and not for industrial conversion equipment. Principles and guidance given are for insulation co-ordination purposes only. The requirements for human safety are not covered.

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This part of IEC 61557 specifies the requirements for insulation monitoring devices (IMD)
which permanently monitor the insulation resistance RF to earth of unearthed a.c. IT systems,
of a.c. IT systems with galvanically connected d.c. circuits having nominal voltages up to
1 000 V a.c., as well as of unearthed d.c. IT systems with voltages up to 1 500 V d.c.
independent from the method of measuring.
IT systems are described in IEC 60364-4-41 amongst other literature. Additional data for the
selection of devices in other standards should be noted.
NOTE Various standards specify the use of IMDs in IT systems. In such cases, the objective of the equipment is
to signal a drop in insulation resistance RF below a minimum limit.
IMDs according to this part of IEC 61557 can also be used for de-energized TT, TN and IT
systems or appliances.

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This part of IEC 61557 specifies the requirements for the insulation fault location system
(IFLS) which localizes insulation faults in any part of the system in unearthed IT a.c. systems
and unearthed IT a.c. systems with galvanically connected d.c. circuits having nominal
voltages up to 1 000 V a.c., as well as in unearthed IT d.c. systems with voltages up to
1 500 V d.c., independent of the measuring principle.
IT systems are described in IEC 60364-4-41 amongst other literature. Additional data for a
selection of devices in other standards should be noted.
NOTE Further information on insulation fault location can be found in the following standards:
IEC 60364-4-41:2005, 411.6, and IEC 60364-5-53:2001, 531.3.

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This part of IEC 61557 defines performance requirements for test and measurement
equipment to determine the effectiveness of the protective measures of electrical measures
for electrical equipment and/or medical electrical equipment described in IEC 62353.

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IEC TS 61936-2:2015(E) provides, in a convenient form, common rules for the design and the erection of electrical power installations in systems with nominal voltages above 1,5 kV d.c., so as to provide safety and proper functioning for the use intended.

  • Technical specification
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Specifications for polyvinyl chloride insulated single-core non-sheathed cables for fixed wiring of rated voltages up to and including 450/750 V.[
]This consolidated version consists of the second edition (1993) and its amendment 1 (1997). Therefore, no need to order amendment in addition to this publication.

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Is applicable to electrical control circuit devices and switching elements which are used to provide an emergency stop signal. Such devices may be either provided with their own enclosure, or installed according to the manufacturer's instructions.

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IEC 61557-8:2014 specifies the requirements for insulation monitoring devices (IMD) which permanently monitor the insulation resistance RF to earth of unearthed a.c. IT systems, of a.c. IT systems with galvanically connected d.c. circuits having nominal voltages up to 1 000 V a.c., as well as of unearthed d.c. IT systems with voltages up to 1 500 V d.c. independent from the method of measuring. IT systems are described in IEC 60364-4-41 amongst other literature. Additional data for the selection of devices in other standards should be noted. IMDs according to this part of IEC 61557 can also be used for de-energized TT, TN and IT systems or appliances. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision which includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - terms and definitions have been complemented; - abbreviations are listed and explained; - requirements have been revised; - mandatory and optional functions and their terminology have been adapted from IEC 61557-15; - mechanical requirements have been added; - information on operating instructions has been added; - type tests and routine tests have been complemented; - an Annex C: 'Insulation monitoring devices for photovoltaic systems (PV-IMD)' has been added; and - an Annex D: 'Insulation monitoring function of a photovoltaic inverter (PV-IMF) or in a charge controller' has been added.

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IEC 61557-16:2014 defines performance requirements for test and measurement equipment to determine the effectiveness of the protective measures of electrical measures for electrical equipment and/or medical electrical equipment described in IEC 62353. It is the intention of this standard to achieve comparable measuring results, additional safety for the testing person and negligible electrical stress for the unit under test. Keywords: leakage current, patient applied part

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IEC 60601-1-11:2015 is available as IEC 60601-1-11:2015 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 60601-1-11:2015 applies to the basic safety and essential performance of medical electrical equipment and medical electrical systems for use in the home healthcare environment. It applies regardless of whether the medical electrical equipment or medical electrical system is intended for use by a lay operator or by trained healthcare personnel. The home healthcare environment includes:
- the dwelling place in which a patient lives;
- other places where patients are present both indoors and outdoors, excluding professional healthcare facility environments where operators with medical training are continually available when patients are present.
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC 60601-1-11, published in 2010, and constitutes a technical revision. The most significant changes with respect to the previous edition include the following modifications:
- correction of test method for relative humidity control at temperatures above 35 °C;
- redrafting of subclauses that altered instead of adding to the general standard or other collateral standards; and
- harmonizing with the changes to the amendments to the general standard and other collateral standards.

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IEC 61557-16:2014 defines performance requirements for test and measurement equipment to determine the effectiveness of the protective measures of electrical measures for electrical equipment and/or medical electrical equipment described in IEC 62353. It is the intention of this standard to achieve comparable measuring results, additional safety for the testing person and negligible electrical stress for the unit under test. Keywords: leakage current, patient applied part
This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 61557-1:2007.

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    38 pages
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IEC 61557-8:2014 specifies the requirements for insulation monitoring devices (IMD) which permanently monitor the insulation resistance RF to earth of unearthed a.c. IT systems, of a.c. IT systems with galvanically connected d.c. circuits having nominal voltages up to 1 000 V a.c., as well as of unearthed d.c. IT systems with voltages up to 1 500 V d.c. independent from the method of measuring. IT systems are described in IEC 60364-4-41 amongst other literature. Additional data for the selection of devices in other standards should be noted. IMDs according to this part of IEC 61557 can also be used for de-energized TT, TN and IT systems or appliances. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision which includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- terms and definitions have been complemented;
- abbreviations are listed and explained;
- requirements have been revised;
- mandatory and optional functions and their terminology have been adapted from IEC 61557-15;
- mechanical requirements have been added;
- information on operating instructions has been added;
- type tests and routine tests have been complemented;
- an Annex C: 'Insulation monitoring devices for photovoltaic systems (PV-IMD)' has been added; and
- an Annex D: 'Insulation monitoring function of a photovoltaic inverter (PV-IMF) or in a charge controller' has been added.
This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 61557-1:2007. The contents of the corrigendum of May 2016 have been included in this copy.

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    95 pages
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EN IEC 61557-15 specifies requirements related to functional safety and is based on the IEC 61508 standard series for the realization of insulation monitoring devices (IMD) as specified in IEC 61557-8 and for insulation fault location systems (IFLS) according to IEC 61557-9, according to phase 10 of the IEC 61508-1 lifecycle. These devices provide safety related functions for IT systems. This part of IEC 61557 is: - concerned only with functional safety requirements intended to reduce the functional risk during the use of IMDs and IFLSs; - restricted to risks arising directly from the device itself or from several IMDs or IFLSs working together in a system; - intended to define the basic safety functions provided by the devices. This part of IEC 61557 does not: - deal with electrical safety according to IEC 61010-1 and the requirements of IEC 61557-8 and IEC 61557-9; - cover the hazard and risk analysis of a particular use of the IMD or IFLS; - identify all the safety functions for the application in which the IMD or IFLS is used; - cover the IMD or IFLS manufacturing process. Functional safety requirements depend on the application and should be considered as part of the overall risk assessment of the specific application. The supplier of IMDs and IFLSs is not responsible for the application. The application designer is responsible for the risk assessment and for specifying the overall functional safety requirements of the complete IT system and he should select the functional safety level (SIL) of the IMD and/or IFLS when their safety function is part of the functional safety assessment in the IT system.

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IEC 61557-15:2014 specifies requirements related to functional safety and is based on the IEC 61508 standard series for the realization of Insulation Monitoring Devices (IMD) as specified in IEC 61557-8 and for Insulation Fault Location Systems (IFLS) according to IEC 61557-9, according to phase 10 of the IEC 61508-1 lifecycle. These devices provide safety related functions for IT systems. This part of IEC 61557 is - concerned only with functional safety requirements intended to reduce the functional risk during the use of IMDs and IFLSs; - restricted to risks arising directly from the device itself or from several IMDs or IFLSs working together in a system; and - intended to define the basic safety functions provided by the devices. This part of IEC 61557 does not - deal with electrical safety according to IEC 61010-1 and the requirements of IEC 61557-8 and IEC 61557-9; - cover the hazard and risk analysis of a particular use of the IMD or IFLS; - identify all the safety functions for the application in which the IMD or IFLS is used; and - cover the IMD or IFLS manufacturing process. This part of IEC 61557 is to be used in conjunction with Part 8 and Part 9. Functional safety requirements depend on the application and should be considered as part of the overall risk assessment of the specific application. The supplier of IMDs and IFLSs is not responsible for the application. The application designer is responsible for the risk assessment and for specifying the overall functional safety requirements of the complete IT system and he should select the functional safety level (SIL) of the IMD and/or IFLS when their safety function is part of the functional safety assessment in the IT system.

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2014-04-03: Publication allocated to tnaqvi@cencenelec.eu

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IEC 61557-15:2014 specifies requirements related to functional safety and is based on the IEC 61508 standard series for the realization of Insulation Monitoring Devices (IMD) as specified in IEC 61557-8 and for Insulation Fault Location Systems (IFLS) according to IEC 61557-9, according to phase 10 of the IEC 61508-1 lifecycle. These devices provide safety related functions for IT systems. This part of IEC 61557 is
- concerned only with functional safety requirements intended to reduce the functional risk during the use of IMDs and IFLSs;
- restricted to risks arising directly from the device itself or from several IMDs or IFLSs working together in a system; and
- intended to define the basic safety functions provided by the devices. This part of IEC 61557 does not
- deal with electrical safety according to IEC 61010-1 and the requirements of IEC 61557-8 and IEC 61557-9;
- cover the hazard and risk analysis of a particular use of the IMD or IFLS;
- identify all the safety functions for the application in which the IMD or IFLS is used; and
- cover the IMD or IFLS manufacturing process. Functional safety requirements depend on the application and should be considered as part of the overall risk assessment of the specific application. The supplier of IMDs and IFLSs is not responsible for the application. The application designer is responsible for the risk assessment and for specifying the overall functional safety requirements of the complete IT system and he should select the functional safety level (SIL) of the IMD and/or IFLS when their safety function is part of the functional safety assessment in the IT system.
This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 61557-8:2007 and IEC 61557-9:2009

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This part of IEC 61557 defines special requirements for test and measurement equipment used to determine the electrical safety of electrical equipment of machinery according to IEC 60204-1.

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This part of IEC 61557 specifies the requirements for combined measuring equipment which combines into one piece of apparatus, several measuring functions or methods of testing, measuring or monitoring according to the respective parts of IEC 61557.

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IEC 61557-14:2013 defines special requirements for test and measurement equipment used to determine the electrical safety of electrical equipment of machinery according to IEC 60204-1. IEC 61010 and the existing parts of series IEC 61557 do not cover all safety aspects of testing electrical equipment of machinery. IEC 61557-14 provides additional protection against electric shock for the testing person and bystanders during high-voltage-tests and in case of unintended use of the test equipment. It defines performance requirements for each measuring and testing function to ensure comparable results.

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IEC 61557-10:2013 specifies the requirements for combined measuring equipment which combines into one piece of apparatus, several measuring functions or methods of testing, measuring or monitoring according to the respective parts of IEC 61557. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2000. This edition constitutes a technical revision. (electrical safety, combined measuring equipment for testing, measuring or monitoring of protective measures)

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IEC 61557-10:2013 specifies the requirements for combined measuring equipment which combines into one piece of apparatus, several measuring functions or methods of testing, measuring or monitoring according to the respective parts of IEC 61557. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2000. This edition constitutes a technical revision. (electrical safety, combined measuring equipment for testing, measuring or monitoring of protective measures)
This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 61557-1:2007.

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IEC 61557-14:2013 defines special requirements for test and measurement equipment used to determine the electrical safety of electrical equipment of machinery according to IEC 60204-1. IEC 61010 and the existing parts of series IEC 61557 do not cover all safety aspects of testing electrical equipment of machinery. IEC 61557-14 provides additional protection against electric shock for the testing person and bystanders during high-voltage-tests and in case of unintended use of the test equipment. It defines performance requirements for each measuring and testing function to ensure comparable results.

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This part of IEC 61936 provides common rules for the design and the erection of electrical power installations in systems with nominal voltages above 1 kV a.c. and nominal frequency up to and including 60 Hz, so as to provide safety and proper functioning for the use intended. For the purpose of interpreting this standard, an electrical power installation is considered to be one of the following:
a) Substation, including substation for railway power supply
b) Electrical installations on mast, pole and tower
Switchgear and/or transformers located outside a closed electrical operating area
c) One (or more) power station(s) located on a single site
The installation includes generators and transformers with all associated switchgear and all electrical auxiliary systems. Connections between generating stations located on different sites are excluded.
d) The electrical system of a factory, industrial plant or other industrial, agricultural,
commercial or public premises
The electrical power installation includes, among others, the following equipment:
– rotating electrical machines;
– switchgear;
– transformers and reactors;
– converters;
– cables;
– wiring systems;
– batteries;
– capacitors;
– earthing systems;
– buildings and fences which are part of a closed electrical operating area;
– associated protection, control and auxiliary systems;
– large air core reactor.
NOTE In general, a standard for an item of equipment takes precedence over this standard. This standard does not apply to the design and erection of any of the following:
– overhead and underground lines between separate installations;
– electric railways;
– mining equipment and installations;
– fluorescent lamp installations;
– installations on ships and off-shore installations;
– electrostatic equipment (e.g. electrostatic precipitators, spray-painting units);
– test sites;
– medical equipment, e.g. medical X-ray equipment.
This standard does not apply to the design of factory-built, type-tested switchgear for which separate IEC standards exist. This standard does not apply to the requirements for carrying out live working on electrical installations. If not otherwise required in this standard, for low-voltage electrical installations the standard series IEC 60364 applies.

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This part of IEC 61557 defines special performance requirements for hand-held and handmanipulated current clamps and sensors for measurement of leakage currents in electrical distribution systems up to 1 000 V a.c. and 1 500 V d.c., taking into account the influence of high external low-frequency magnetic fields and other influencing quantities. This standard does not apply to current clamps or sensors which are used in combination with devices for insulation fault location according to IEC 61557-9, unless it is specified by the manufacturer.

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IEC 61557-13:2011 defines special performance requirements for hand-held and hand-manipulated current clamps and sensors for measurement of leakage currents in electrical distribution systems up to 1 000 V a.c. and 1 500 V d.c., taking into account the influence of high external low-frequency magnetic fields and other influencing quantities. This standard does not apply to current clamps or sensors which are used in combination with devices for insulation fault location according to IEC 61557-9, unless it is specified by the manufacturer.

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IEC 61557-13:2011 defines special performance requirements for hand-held and hand-manipulated current clamps and sensors for measurement of leakage currents in electrical distribution systems up to 1 000 V a.c. and 1 500 V d.c., taking into account the influence of high external low-frequency magnetic fields and other influencing quantities. This standard does not apply to current clamps or sensors which are used in combination with devices for insulation fault location according to IEC 61557-9, unless it is specified by the manufacturer.

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IEC 61936-1:2010 provides common rules for the design and the erection of electrical power installations in systems with nominal voltages above 1 kV a.c. and nominal frequency up to and including 60 Hz, so as to provide safety and proper functioning for the use intended. For the purpose of interpreting this standard, an electrical power installation is considered to be one of the following: a) Substation, including substation for railway power supply; b) Electrical installations on mast, pole and tower; Switchgear and/or transformers located outside a closed electrical operating area; c) One (or more) power station(s) located on a single site. The installation includes generators and transformers with all associated switchgear and all electrical auxiliary systems. Connections between generating stations located on different sites are excluded; d) The electrical system of a factory, industrial plant or other industrial, agricultural, commercial or public premises. The electrical power installation includes, among others, the following equipment: rotating electrical machines; switchgear; transformers and reactors; converters; cables; wiring systems; batteries; capacitors; earthing systems; buildings and fences which are part of a closed electrical operating area; associated protection, control and auxiliary systems; large air core reactor. NOTE: In general, a standard for an item of equipment takes precedence over this standard. This standard does not apply to the design and erection of any of the following: - overhead and underground lines between separate installations; - electric railways; - mining equipment and installations; - fluorescent lamp installations; - installations on ships and off-shore installations; - electrostatic equipment (e.g. electrostatic precipitators, spray-painting units); - test sites; - medical equipment, e.g. medical X-ray equipment. This standard does not apply to the design of factory-built, type-tested switchgear for which separate IEC standards exist. This standard does not apply to the requirements for carrying out live working on electrical installations. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition, published in 2002. It constitutes a technical revision. The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below: - new table of references for additional agreements between manufacturer/contractor/planer and user/orderer/owner (4.1.2); - addition of minimum clearances in air not standardized by IEC but based on current practice in some countries (Annex A); - deletion of nominal voltages (Table 1, Table 2, Clause 5); - addition of regulations for fuses (6.2.15); - simplification of regulations for escape routes (7.5.4); - deletion of special regulations for operating aisles (7.5.4); - modification of clearances for fire protection (Table 3); - modification of safety criteria for earthing systems (10.2.1); - modified curves of permissibly touch voltages (Figure 12, Annex B); - deletion of numbering of subclauses without headlines; - change of "should" to "shall" in many cases or change of subclauses with "should" to a note. The contents of the corrigendum of March 2011 have been included in this copy.

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  • Standard – translation
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IEC 61936-1:2010 provides common rules for the design and the erection of electrical power installations in systems with nominal voltages above 1 kV a.c. and nominal frequency up to and including 60 Hz, so as to provide safety and proper functioning for the use intended. For the purpose of interpreting this standard, an electrical power installation is considered to be one of the following:
a) Substation, including substation for railway power supply;
b) Electrical installations on mast, pole and tower; Switchgear and/or transformers located outside a closed electrical operating area;
c) One (or more) power station(s) located on a single site. The installation includes generators and transformers with all associated switchgear and all electrical auxiliary systems. Connections between generating stations located on different sites are excluded;
d) The electrical system of a factory, industrial plant or other industrial, agricultural, commercial or public premises. The electrical power installation includes, among others, the following equipment: rotating electrical machines; switchgear; transformers and reactors; converters; cables; wiring systems; batteries; capacitors; earthing systems; buildings and fences which are part of a closed electrical operating area; associated protection, control and auxiliary systems; large air core reactor. NOTE: In general, a standard for an item of equipment takes precedence over this standard. This standard does not apply to the design and erection of any of the following:
- overhead and underground lines between separate installations;
- electric railways;
- mining equipment and installations;
- fluorescent lamp installations;
- installations on ships and off-shore installations;
- electrostatic equipment (e.g. electrostatic precipitators, spray-painting units);
- test sites;
- medical equipment, e.g. medical X-ray equipment.
This standard does not apply to the design of factory-built, type-tested switchgear for which separate IEC standards exist. This standard does not apply to the requirements for carrying out live working on electrical installations. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition, published in 2002. It constitutes a technical revision. The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below:
- new table of references for additional agreements between manufacturer/contractor/planer and user/orderer/owner (4.1.2);
- addition of minimum clearances in air not standardized by IEC but based on current practice in some countries (Annex A);
- deletion of nominal voltages (Table 1, Table 2, Clause 5);
- addition of regulations for fuses (6.2.15);
- simplification of regulations for escape routes (7.5.4);
- deletion of special regulations for operating aisles (7.5.4);
- modification of clearances for fire protection (Table 3);
- modification of safety criteria for earthing systems (10.2.1);
- modified curves of permissibly touch voltages (Figure 12, Annex B);
- deletion of numbering of subclauses without headlines;
- change of "should" to "shall" in many cases or change of subclauses with "should" to a note. The contents of the corrigendum of March 2011 have been included in this copy.

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