IEC 61318:2021 This document defines methods to assess defects and to verify that products after the manufacturer process meet the requirements of the corresponding product standard.
The principles of assessment of defects for live working products are detailed in this document to assist product standard developers in prescribing the best means to achieve suitable quality of every finished tool, device and piece of equipment.
The following elements are not covered by the present document, but are included in each product standard:
– type tests;
– provisions and description for routine, sampling and acceptance tests;
– identification and classification of defects;
– risk analysis.
This document does not cover conformity assessment of commercial shipments or certifications.
This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) change of the purpose of the document from a prescriptive testing standard to a standard assisting the project team in the conformance to respective product standard.
b) introduction of conformance test, record of process, quality control documentation, adapted to the standard product.
c) change of prescribed sampling procedure to adapted sampling tests to the product standard.
d) suppression of the term “conformity assessment”.
e) Introduction of the term “verification method” replacing “conformity assessment application”.

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IEC 61243-1:2021 is applicable to portable voltage detectors, with or without built-in power sources, to be used on electrical systems for voltages of 1 kV to 800 kV AC, and frequencies of 50 Hz and/or 60 Hz.
This document applies only to voltage detectors of capacitive type used in contact with the bare part to be tested, as a complete device including its insulating element or as a separate device, adaptable to an insulating stick which, as a separate tool, is not covered by this document (see 4.4.2.1 for general design).
Other types of voltage detectors are not covered by this document.
Self ranging voltage detectors (formally "multi range voltage detectors") are not covered by this document.
Some restrictions or formal interdictions on their use are applicable in case of switchgear of IEC 62271 series design, due to insulation coordination, on overhead line systems of electrified railways (see Annex B) and systems without neutral reference. For systems without neutral reference, the insulating level is adapted to the maximum possible voltage to the earth (ground).
Products designed and manufactured according to this document contribute to the safety of users provided they are used by persons trained for the work, in accordance with the hot stick working method and the instructions for use.
Except where otherwise specified, all the voltages defined in this document refer to values of phase-to-phase voltages of three-phase systems. In other systems, the applicable phase-to-phase or phase-to-earth (ground) voltages are used to determine the operating voltage.
This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2003 and Amend-ment 1:2009. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) The scope is more precise, stating that only bare contact to the part to be tested is reliable for these contact voltage detectors. The rationale is that tests on painted or coated conductors have led to wrong indications, as this non-conductive paint or coat acts as a capacitor with different capacity according to the thickness. This capacity has an effect on the threshold voltage.
b) A contact probe is introduced as a new type of non-conductive contact electrode.
c) A new type "exclusively outdoor type" has been defined and implemented into the requirements and test procedure.
d) A selector for voltage and frequency is allowed if foreseeable misuse is excluded.
e) The marking for voltage detectors with low interference voltage has been made more precise.
f) The indication groups have been made more precise and requirements and tests for the "ready to operate state" and "stand-by state" added.
g) Requirements and tests for electromagnetic compatability have been implemented.
h) An example for good electrical connection for the tests is introduced.

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IEC 61472-2:2021 specifies a method for determining the electrical component of the minimum approach distances for live working, for AC systems 1 kV up to and including 72,5 kV. This document addresses system overvoltages and the working air distances between equipment and/or workers at different potentials.
The withstand voltage and minimum approach distances determined by the method described in this document can be used only if the following working conditions prevail:
workers are trained for, and skilled in, working live lines or close to live conductors or equipment;
the operating conditions are adjusted so that the statistical overvoltage does not exceed the value selected for the determination of the required withstand voltage;
transient overvoltages are the determining overvoltages;
tool insulation has no continuous film of moisture present on the surface;
no lightning is observed within 10 km of the work site;
allowance is made for the effect of the conducting components of tools.

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IEC 62715-6-3:2020 (E) is to define the standard test methods to evaluate the mechanical robustness of flexible display modules, especially mechanical robustness regarding impact and hardness, which include displays such as liquid crystal displays (LCDs), e-paper, and organic light emitting diode (OLED) displays, against external forces applied to a panel.

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IEC 61496-2:2020 specifies requirements for the design, construction and testing of electro-sensitive protective equipment (ESPE) designed specifically to detect persons as part of a safety-related system, employing active opto-electronic protective devices (AOPDs) for the sensing function. Special attention is directed to features which ensure that an appropriate safety-related performance is achieved. An ESPE can include optional safety-related functions, the requirements for which are given in Annex A of IEC 61496-1:2020 and of this document.
This document does not specify the dimensions or configurations of the detection zone and its disposition in relation to hazardous parts for any particular application, nor what constitutes a hazardous state of any machine. It is restricted to the functioning of the ESPE and how it interfaces with the machine.
Excluded from this document are AOPDs employing radiation at wavelengths outside the range 400 nm to 1 500 nm.
This document can be relevant to applications other than those for the protection of persons, for example, the protection of machinery or products from mechanical damage. In those applications, additional requirements can be necessary, for example, when the materials that are to be recognized by the sensing function have different properties from those of persons.
This document does not deal with electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) emission requirements.
IEC 61496-2:2020 cancels and replaces the third edition published in 2013. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) Requirements and test procedures in Part 2 that were found to be common to all ESPEs have been moved to Part 1. Test procedures that are dependent on the sensing technology remain in Part 2.

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IEC 61496-1:2020 specifies general requirements for the design, construction and testing of non-contact electro-sensitive protective equipment (ESPE) designed specifically to detect persons or part of a person as part of a safety-related system. Special attention is directed to functional and design requirements that ensure an appropriate safety-related performance is achieved. An ESPE can include optional safety-related functions, the requirements for which are given in Annex A.
This document is intended to be used with a subsequent part of IEC 61496 that provides particular requirements based on the sensing technology.
Where a part covering the sensing technology does not exist, IEC TS 62998-1 is used.
Where the IEC 61496 series does not contain all necessary provisions, IEC TS 62998-1 is used.
It is an additional possibility to combine those aspects covered by the IEC 61496 series in addition to IEC TS 62998-1.
This document does not specify the dimensions or configuration of the detection zone and its disposition in relation to hazards in any particular application, nor what constitutes a hazardous state of any machine. It is restricted to the functioning of the ESPE and how it interfaces with the machine.
While a data interface can be used to control optional safety-related ESPE functions (Annex A), this document does not provide specific requirements. Requirements for these safety-related functions can be determined by consulting other standards (for example, IEC 61508 (all parts), IEC TS 62046, IEC 62061, and ISO 13849-1).
This document can be relevant to applications other than those for the protection of persons, for example for the protection of machinery or products from mechanical damage. In those applications, different requirements can be appropriate, for example when the materials that have to be recognized by the sensing function have different properties from those of persons.
This document does not deal with requirements for ESPE functions not related to the protection of persons (e.g. using sensing unit data for navigation).
This document does not deal with electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) emission requirements.
IEC 61496-1:2020 cancels and replaces the third edition published in 2012. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) It has been clarified that some requirements for ESPEs that are dependent on sensing technology are not included in IEC 61496-1. They are provided in a subsequent part of IEC 61496.
b) Requirements for protection against environmental influences from subsequent parts of IEC 61496 that are common to all ESPEs have been consolidated into IEC 61496-1.
c) Some test procedures in IEC 61496-1 were incomplete. They have been expanded with more detail and step by step procedures.
d) Some requirements and procedures in IEC 61496-1 are now covered by new generic machine safety standards. The requirements in IEC 61496-1 have been harmonized with references to the new generic standards.

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TAN - // IEC Corrigendum

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IEC 61482-1-1:2019 specifies test method procedures to determine the arc rating of flame resistant clothing materials and garments or assemblies of garments intended for use in clothing for workers if there is an electric arc hazard.
An open arc under controlled laboratory conditions is used to determine the values of ELIM, ATPV or EBT of materials, garments or assemblies of garments.
NOTE 1 The user can, if he desires, classify the arc protective performance into arc rating protection levels based on ELIM, ATPV and/or EBT values which correspond best to the different hazard and risks levels that can result from the user’s risk analysis.
NOTE 2 This document is not dedicated to classifying the arc protective performance of the material and clothing into arc protection classes. Procedures determining these arc protection classes APC1 and APC2 are specified in IEC 61482 1-2, which uses a constrained arc for testing.
NOTE 3 This test method is not intended and not appropriate to evaluate whether materials or garments are flame resistant or not, as this is covered in IEC 61482-2.
Other effects than the thermal effects of an electric arc like noise, light emissions, pressure rise, hot oil, electric shock, the consequences of physical and mental shock or toxic influences are not covered by this document.
Protective clothing for work intentionally using an electric arc, e.g. arc welding, plasma torch, is not covered by this document.
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2009. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- addition of the Incident energy limit (ELIM) as a further arc rating performance property value;
- replacement of char length requirement in the scope by indication that Procedure A is applicable for testing of materials meeting the limited flame spread requirements of IEC 61482-2;
- clarification of the definition and the meaning of the Stoll curve;
- modification of specification of positioning of monitor sensors with respect to the electric arc as function of intended high incident energy exposure of test specimens;
- modification of specifications of monitor sensor construction;
- specification of black paint;
- elimination of calorimeters from the chest of the mannequin;
- specification for possible positioning of mannequin(s) at a height different from the centre of the electric arc and possible turning in order to adequately expose all parts of the garment or clothing which would affect performance;
- more explicit description of requirements for data acquisition system;
- preconditioning of the samples;
- modification of requirements for apparatus and arc exposure verification by bare shots;
- more explicit description of test procedures A and B, in particular the subclauses dealing with “sequence of test”, “test parameter” and “test criteria”;
- addition of determination of arc rating values of garments and/or garmet assemblies.
Key words: Protective Clothing, Thermal Hazards, Open Arc, Arc Rating

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IEC 62311:2019 applies to electronic and electrical equipment for which no dedicated product standard or product family standard regarding human exposure to electromagnetic fields applies. It covers equipment with intentional or non-intentional radiators as well as a combination thereof.
This document provides assessment methods and criteria to evaluate equipment against limits on exposure of people related to electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields. The frequency range covered is from 0 Hz to 300 GHz.
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This document does not specify limits expressed by means of basic restrictions and/or reference levels. Such limits are subject to the applied assessment scheme, for example by means of regional limits.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) a clear distinction between intentional and unintentional radiators has been introduced;
b) the exposure to non-uniform fields is considered;
c) the treatment of uncertainty for the assessment procedures has been improved;
d) various summation regimes are described in Annex A;
e) the information from meanwhile published basic standards has been used and hence all informative annexes of the previous edition have been removed.
Key words: Human Exposure, Electromagnetic Fields (0 Hz to 300 GHz).

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IEC 61892-6:2019 provides specific requirements for the installation of electrical equipment in mobile and fixed offshore units, including pipeline, pumping or "pigging" stations, compressor stations and single buoy moorings, used in the offshore petroleum industry for drilling, production, accommodation, processing, storage and offloading purposes.
It applies to all installations, whether permanent, temporary, transportable or hand-held, to AC installations and DC installations without any voltage level limitation. Referenced equipment standards may give voltage level limitations.
This document specifies requirements such as those concerning
– protection during equipment storage and in the installation period,
– installation of generators and motors,
– installation of transformers,
– installation of switchgear and controlgear assemblies,
– installation of semiconductor converters and UPS,
– installation of secondary cells and batteries,
– installation of luminaires,
– installation of heating and cooking appliances,
– installation of trace and surface heating,
– installation of cables and wiring, both low-voltage and high-voltage cables,
– requirements in relation to earthing and bonding,
– lightning protection;,
– testing of completed installation, and
– documentation.
This document does not apply to
– fixed equipment for medical purposes,
– electrical installations of tankers, and
– control of ignition sources other than those created by electrical equipment.
This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 2013. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) requirements for protection during equipment storage have been added;
b) the special requirements for distribution board enclosures in accommodation spaces have been deleted;
c) requirements for installation of UPS have been updated;
d) requirements regarding the installation of batteries have been modified;
e) requirements for large single-core cables for three-phase AC have been updated;
f) requirements in relation to cable transit systems have been added;
g) the table on the sizes of earth continuity conductors and equipment earthing connections, set out in IEC 61892-4:2007, has been included;
h) requirements as to the installation of controls and instrumentation have been modified; clauses relevant to design and equipment have been deleted.

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Based on IEC corrigendum

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NEW!IEC 60900:2018 is available as IEC 60900:2018 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60900:2018 is applicable to insulated, insulating and hybrid hand tools used for working live or close to live parts at nominal voltages up to 1 000 V AC and 1 500 V DC. The products designed and manufactured according to this document contribute to the safety of the users provided they are used by skilled persons, in accordance with safe methods of work and the instructions for use (where appropriate). This document has been prepared in accordance with the requirements of IEC 61477 where applicable. The products covered by this document may have an impact on the environment during some or all stages of its life cycle. These impacts can range from slight to significant, be of short term or long-term duration, and occur at the global, regional or local level. This document does not include requirements and test provisions for the manufacturers of the products, or recommendations to the users of the products for environmental improvement. This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition, published in 2012. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) addition of a third category of tools has been added, namely hybrid hand tools; b) introduction of a new informative Annex A on examples of insulated, insulating and hybrid hand tools. Key words: Live Working, Insulated, Insulating, Hand Tools

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IEC 60900:2018 is available as IEC 60900:2018 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 60900:2018 is applicable to insulated, insulating and hybrid hand tools used for working live or close to live parts at nominal voltages up to 1 000 V AC and 1 500 V DC. The products designed and manufactured according to this document contribute to the safety of the users provided they are used by skilled persons, in accordance with safe methods of work and the instructions for use (where appropriate). This document has been prepared in accordance with the requirements of IEC 61477 where applicable. The products covered by this document may have an impact on the environment during some or all stages of its life cycle. These impacts can range from slight to significant, be of short term or long-term duration, and occur at the global, regional or local level. This document does not include requirements and test provisions for the manufacturers of the products, or recommendations to the users of the products for environmental improvement. This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition, published in 2012. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) addition of a third category of tools has been added, namely hybrid hand tools;
b) introduction of a new informative Annex A on examples of insulated, insulating and hybrid hand tools.
Key words: Live Working, Insulated, Insulating, Hand Tools
The contents of the corrigendum of January 2019 and May 2020 have been included in this copy.

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IEC 61482-2:2018 is available as IEC 61482-2:2018 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 61482-2:2018 is applicable to protective clothing used in work where there is the risk of exposure to an electric arc hazard. This document specifies requirements and test methods applicable to materials and garments for protective clothing for electrical workers against the thermal hazards of an electric arc. Electric shock hazard is not covered by this document, which is applicable in combination with standards covering such hazards. Other effects than the thermal effects of an electric arc like noise, light emissions, pressure rise, hot oil, electric shock, the consequences of physical and mental shock or toxic influences are not covered by this document. Protection of eyes, face, head, hands and feet against electric arc hazard is not covered by this document. Requirements and tests to cover electric arc hazards to these parts of the body are under development. Protective clothing for work intentionally using an electric arc, e.g. arc welding, plasma torch, is not covered by this document. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2009. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: new definition for ELIM, ATPV and EBT as used in accordance with IEC 61482-1-1:–; new requirements for the thermal stability of the intermediate layers; additional material requirement for volume resistance; new test procedure for the thermal resistance of sewing threads and a new symbol for marking.
Key words: Electric Arc, Protective Clothing, Arc Thermal Protection

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IEC 61057:2017 is applicable to insulating aerial devices for mounting on a chassis, to be used for live working on electrical installations at nominal voltages above 1 000V r.m.s. AC in the range 45 Hz to 65 Hz and 1 500V DC. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 1991 and IEC TS 61813:2000. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a)   general review of the requirements and test provisions; b)   preparation of the elements of evaluation of defects, and general application of IEC 61318:2007; c)   distinguishes between tests for hollow booms and those for foam filled booms; d)   references ISO 16368 for particular mechanical tests; e)   further information on vacuum protection and leakage current monitoring and a mandatory requirement that aerial devices for bare hand work be fitted with a permanently installed lower test electrode system; f)    controls of high electrical resistance; g)   reference to SAE for insulating hydraulic hoses; h)   inclusion of IEC TS 61813 for care, maintenance and in-service testing of aerial devices with insulating booms.

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IEC 62820-2:2017 specifies the technical requirements for the composition, function, performance and testing methods of Advanced Security Building Intercom Systems. This document is applicable for intercom systems used for any advanced security communication in buildings. Advanced security building intercom systems (ASBIS) are used for rapid emergency and danger messages verification by voice communication, warning of a danger, rapid notification of the responsible emergency services/intervention services and for sending instructions on how to proceed. The requirement for a suitable concept is prior risk assessment and a definition of the protection target.

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IEC 61057:2017 is applicable to insulating aerial devices for mounting on a chassis, to be used for live working on electrical installations at nominal voltages above 1 000V r.m.s. AC in the range 45 Hz to 65 Hz and 1 500V DC. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 1991 and IEC TS 61813:2000. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) general review of the requirements and test provisions;
b) preparation of the elements of evaluation of defects, and general application of IEC 61318:2007;
c) distinguishes between tests for hollow booms and those for foam filled booms;
d) references ISO 16368 for particular mechanical tests;
e) further information on vacuum protection and leakage current monitoring and a mandatory requirement that aerial devices for bare hand work be fitted with a permanently installed lower test electrode system;
f) controls of high electrical resistance;
g) reference to SAE for insulating hydraulic hoses;
h) inclusion of IEC TS 61813 for care, maintenance and in-service testing of aerial devices with insulating booms.

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IEC TR 61328:2017(E) provides recommendations for the selection and testing where necessary of conductor stringing equipment and accessory items used for the installation of bare and insulated overhead distribution conductors, bare overhead transmission conductors and overhead earth wires. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2003 and IEC TR 61911:2003. It incorporates some technical changes to update equipment work methods and procedures, bringing them in line with the state of the art.

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IEC TS 61496-4-3:2015(E) specifies requirements for the design, construction and testing of electro-sensitive protective equipment (ESPE) designed specifically to detect persons or parts of persons as part of a safety-related system, employing vision-based protective devices (VBPDs) using stereo vision techniques (VBPDST) for the sensing function. Special attention is directed to features which ensure that an appropriate safety-related performance is achieved.
This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 61496-1:2012.

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20190222 JF: through decision 1/2018 taken on 2018-05-15, the TC decided to remove the standard from the OJEU

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IEC 61481-1:2014 is applicable to portable phase comparators of capacitive type to be used on electrical systems for voltages exceeding 1 kV a.c. and frequencies of 50 Hz and/or 60 Hz. This standard is applicable to single-pole phase comparators of capacitive type operating with a memory system up to 36 kV a.c., and two-pole phase comparators of capacitive type operating with a wireless connection up to 245 kV a.c. This standard is applicable to phase comparators of capacitive type used in contact with the bare conductive parts to be compared as a complete device including its insulating element or as a separate device, adaptable to an insulating stick which, as a separate tool, is not covered by this standard. A device that is designed to provide other functions than phase comparison is a different device and is not covered by this standard. For example a device designed to be also used as a voltage detector is not covered by this standard. This first edition, together with the first edition of IEC 61481-2, cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC 61481 published in 2001, Amendment 1:2002 and Amendment 2:2004. This edition constitutes a technical revision including the following major changes: - split of the standard in two parts; - extension of the scope to include two-pole phase comparators operating with a wireless connection up to 245 kV a.c.; - review of the requirements for indication; - introduction of a requirement for a new marking "LU" for limited use; - and revision of existing annexes.

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IEC 61482-1-2:2014 specifies procedures to test material and garments intended for use in heat and flame-resistant clothing for workers if there is an electric arc hazard. A directed and constrained electric arc in a test circuit is used to classify material and clothing in two defined arc protection classes. This International Standard is not dedicated toward measuring the arc rating values (ATPV, ELIM, or EBT). Procedures determining these arc rating values are prescribed in IEC 61482-1-1, using an open arc for testing. Other effects than the thermal effects of an electric arc like noise, light emissions, pressure rise, hot oil, electric shock, the consequences of physical and mental shock or toxic influences are not covered by this standard. Protective clothing for work intentionally using an electric arc, e.g. arc welding, plasma torch, is not covered by this standard. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition, published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision which includes the following significant technical changes with regard to the previous edition: - new mean values of main control parameters arc energy and incident energy based on an extended statistical database consisting of parameter values measured in four laboratories; - reduction of validity check ranges of main control parameters; - determination of the incident energy by averaging the two sensor values of a test (instead of considering each single sensor value); - determination of the heat curves of transmitted incident energy and an amendment to the heat flux acceptance criterion; - clarification of the scope; - and selection of the arc protection classes (test classes) by the amount of the arc energy and incident energy instead of the short-circuit current.

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IEC 61481-2:2014 is applicable to portable phase comparators of resistive type to be used on electrical systems for voltages from 1 kV a.c. to 36 kV a.c. and frequencies of 50 Hz and/or 60 Hz. This standard is applicable to phase comparators of resistive type used in contact with the bare conductive parts to be compared as a complete device including its insulating element or as a separate device, adaptable to an insulating stick which, as a separate tool, is not covered by this standard. A device that is designed to provide other functions than phase comparison is a different device and is not covered by this standard. For example a device designed to be also used as a voltage detector is not covered by this standard. This first edition, together with the first edition of IEC 61481-1, cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC 61481 published in 2001, Amendment 1:2002 and Amendment 2:2004. This edition constitutes a technical revision which includes the following major changes: - split of the standard in two parts; - review of the requirements for indication; - elimination of class C (+/- 110°); - introduction of a requirement for a new marking "LU" for limited use; - increase of the specified range of voltage fluctuation in a network for clear indication; - and revision of the existing annexes.

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IEC 61243-3:2014 is applicable to hand-held two-pole voltage detectors with their accessories (crocodile clips and detachable leads) to be used in contact with parts of electrical systems for a.c. voltages not exceeding 1 000 V at nominal frequencies between 16 2/3 Hz and up to 500 Hz, and/or for d.c. voltages not exceeding 1 500 V. Contact electrode extensions are not covered by this standard. Voltage detectors covered by this standard are intended to be used under dry and humid conditions, both indoor and outdoor. They are not intended to be used under rain conditions. Voltage detectors covered by this standard are not intended to be used for continuous operation. Voltage detectors covered by this standard are intended to be used up to 2 000 m above sea level. This standard also includes provisions for the following supplementary functions when available: - phase indication; - rotating field indication; - and continuity check. Other supplementary functions are not covered by this standard. Voltage detectors covered by this standard are not considered as measuring devices. Relevant safety requirements for measuring devices are included in IEC 61010 series. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2009. It is a technical revision which includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - requirement and test to manage interference voltages at power frequencies; - and informative annex on voltage detectors and the presence of interference voltages.

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IEC 61481-1:2014 is applicable to portable phase comparators of capacitive type to be used on electrical systems for voltages exceeding 1 kV a.c. and frequencies of 50 Hz and/or 60 Hz. This standard is applicable to single-pole phase comparators of capacitive type operating with a memory system up to 36 kV a.c., and two-pole phase comparators of capacitive type operating with a wireless connection up to 245 kV a.c. This standard is applicable to phase comparators of capacitive type used in contact with the bare conductive parts to be compared as a complete device including its insulating element or as a separate device, adaptable to an insulating stick which, as a separate tool, is not covered by this standard. A device that is designed to provide other functions than phase comparison is a different device and is not covered by this standard. For example a device designed to be also used as a voltage detector is not covered by this standard. This first edition, together with the first edition of IEC 61481-2, cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC 61481 published in 2001, Amendment 1:2002 and Amendment 2:2004. This edition constitutes a technical revision including the following major changes:
- split of the standard in two parts;
- extension of the scope to include two-pole phase comparators operating with a wireless connection up to 245 kV a.c.;
- review of the requirements for indication;
- introduction of a requirement for a new marking "LU" for limited use;
- and revision of existing annexes. The contents of the corrigendum of July 2015 have been included in this copy.

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IEC 61481-2:2014 is applicable to portable phase comparators of resistive type to be used on electrical systems for voltages from 1 kV a.c. to 36 kV a.c. and frequencies of 50 Hz and/or 60 Hz. This standard is applicable to phase comparators of resistive type used in contact with the bare conductive parts to be compared as a complete device including its insulating element or as a separate device, adaptable to an insulating stick which, as a separate tool, is not covered by this standard. A device that is designed to provide other functions than phase comparison is a different device and is not covered by this standard. For example a device designed to be also used as a voltage detector is not covered by this standard. This first edition, together with the first edition of IEC 61481-1, cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC 61481 published in 2001, Amendment 1:2002 and Amendment 2:2004. This edition constitutes a technical revision which includes the following major changes:
- split of the standard in two parts;
- review of the requirements for indication;
- elimination of class C (+/- 110°);
- introduction of a requirement for a new marking "LU" for limited use;
- increase of the specified range of voltage fluctuation in a network for clear indication;
- and revision of the existing annexes.

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IEC 61243-3:2014 is applicable to hand-held two-pole voltage detectors with their accessories (crocodile clips and detachable leads) to be used in contact with parts of electrical systems for a.c. voltages not exceeding 1 000 V at nominal frequencies between 16 2/3 Hz and up to 500 Hz, and/or for d.c. voltages not exceeding 1 500 V. Contact electrode extensions are not covered by this standard. Voltage detectors covered by this standard are intended to be used under dry and humid conditions, both indoor and outdoor. They are not intended to be used under rain conditions. Voltage detectors covered by this standard are not intended to be used for continuous operation. Voltage detectors covered by this standard are intended to be used up to 2 000 m above sea level. This standard also includes provisions for the following supplementary functions when available:
- phase indication;
- rotating field indication;
- and continuity check. Other supplementary functions are not covered by this standard. Voltage detectors covered by this standard are not considered as measuring devices. Relevant safety requirements for measuring devices are included in IEC 61010 series. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2009. It is a technical revision which includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- requirement and test to manage interference voltages at power frequencies;
- and informative annex on voltage detectors and the presence of interference voltages.
The contents of the corrigendum of January 2015 and May 2015 have been included in this copy.

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    152 pages
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IEC 61482-1-2:2014 specifies procedures to test material and garments intended for use in heat and flame-resistant clothing for workers if there is an electric arc hazard. A directed and constrained electric arc in a test circuit is used to classify material and clothing in two defined arc protection classes. This International Standard is not dedicated toward measuring the arc rating values (ATPV, ELIM, or EBT). Procedures determining these arc rating values are prescribed in IEC 61482-1-1, using an open arc for testing. Other effects than the thermal effects of an electric arc like noise, light emissions, pressure rise, hot oil, electric shock, the consequences of physical and mental shock or toxic influences are not covered by this standard. Protective clothing for work intentionally using an electric arc, e.g. arc welding, plasma torch, is not covered by this standard. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition, published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision which includes the following significant technical changes with regard to the previous edition:
- new mean values of main control parameters arc energy and incident energy based on an extended statistical database consisting of parameter values measured in four laboratories;
- reduction of validity check ranges of main control parameters;
- determination of the incident energy by averaging the two sensor values of a test (instead of considering each single sensor value);
- determination of the heat curves of transmitted incident energy and an amendment to the heat flux acceptance criterion;
- clarification of the scope;
- and selection of the arc protection classes (test classes) by the amount of the arc energy and incident energy instead of the short-circuit current.

  • Standard
    58 pages
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IEC 60903:2014 is applicable to electrical insulating gloves and mitts that provide protection of the worker against electric shock. This standard also covers electrical insulating gloves with additional integrated mechanical protection referred to in this document as "composite gloves". This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition of IEC 60903, published in 2002. It constitutes a technical revision which includes the following major changes:
- clarification of the requirements and tests for long gloves;
- introduction of a new special property for gloves resistant to leakage current;
- removal of the requirement for an area to mark the date of inspection;
- the d.c. electric tests are no longer included in the normative part of the document but a proof test is suggested at the production level in a new informative Annex E;
- preparation of the elements of evaluation of defects, and general application of IEC 61318:2007;
- introduction of a new normative Annex H on classification of defects;
- and introduction of a new informative Annex I on the rationale for the classification of defects.

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    117 pages
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IEC 60984:2014 is applicable to electrical insulating sleeves for the protection of workers from accidental contact with live electrical conductors, apparatus or circuits. The products designed and manufactured according to this standard contribute to the safety of the users provided they are used by skilled persons, in accordance with safe methods of work and the instructions for use. Unless otherwise stated, in this standard the term "sleeve" is used for "electrical insulating sleeve". This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition, published in 1990 and its Amendment 1 published in 2002. It constitutes a technical revision which includes the following major changes:
- removal of the requirement for an area to mark the date of inspection;
- only the straight mounting method with water electrodes is specified for the dielectric type test;
- the d.c. electric tests are no longer included in the normative part of the document, but a new informative Annex E is added;
- preparation of the elements of evaluation of defects, and general application of IEC 61318:2007;
- in the new normative Annex F, updating of the characteristics of the liquid specified for tests on sleeves of category H, according to the latest edition of ISO 1817;
- introduction of a new normative Annex G on classification of defects;
- introduction of a new informative Annex H on the rationale for the classification of defects;
- and for periodic electrical retesting, recommended voltage limit of the dielectric test methods to 10 kV except in case of the test method with water electrodes and straight mounting.

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    89 pages
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IEC TS 61496-4-2:2014 supplements or modifies the corresponding clauses in IEC 61496-1:2012 to specify particular requirements for the design, construction and testing of electro-sensitive protective equipment (ESPE) for the safeguarding of machinery, employing vision based protective devices (VBPD) using passive reference pattern techniques (VBPDPP) for the sensing function.
This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 61496-1:2012.

  • Technical specification
    90 pages
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IEC 61496-2:2013 specifies requirements for the design, construction and testing of electro-sensitive protective equipment (ESPE) designed specifically to detect persons as part of a safety-related system, employing active opto-electronic protective devices (AOPDs) for the sensing function. Special attention is directed to features which ensure that an appropriate safety-related performance is achieved. An ESPE may include optional safety-related functions, the requirements for which are given in Annex A of IEC 61946-1:2012 and of this part. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2006. It constitutes a technical revision and includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - Requirements have been corrected and made easier to understand. - Test procedures have been revised to make them easier to perform and to improve repeatability. - Guidance is provided for the evaluation and verification of AOPDs using design techniques for which the test procedures of this part are not sufficient.

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    55 pages
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IEC 61496-1:2012 specifies general requirements for the design, construction and testing of non-contact electro-sensitive protective equipment (ESPE) designed specifically to detect persons as part of a safety related system. Special attention is directed to functional and design requirements that ensure an appropriate safety-related performance is achieved. An ESPE may include optional safety-related functions, the requirements for which are given in Annex A. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2004 and its amendment 1 (2007). The main changes with respect to the previous edition are as follows: The design, test and verification requirements have been updated to make them consistent with the latest standards for functional safety and EMC.

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    55 pages
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IEC 60743:2013 applies to the terminology used to describe tools, devices, equipment and methods used in live working. It standardizes the name of tools, devices and equipment and permits their identification by providing definitions and illustrations. It contains some example illustrations. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition, published in 2001, and its Amendment 1:2008.This edition constitutes a technical revision which includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: the clause 2 has been simplified and refers directly to IEC 60050-651; some definitions have been moved to specific existing clauses. This new edition is complementary to IEC 60050-651. Different publications under the responsibility of TC 78 include terms and its definitions. IEC 60050-651 (IEV 651) provides precise, brief and correct definitions of internationally accepted concepts in the field of live working, and specifies the terms by which these defined concepts are known. Electropedia gives access to the terms and definitions of IEC 60050-651 (http://www.electropedia.org/). Each product standard gives definitions necessary for the understanding of certain terms used in a specific context. The IEC Glossary (http://std.iec.ch/glossary) gives on-line access to the information.

  • Standard
    130 pages
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IEC 61472:2013 describes a method for calculating the minimum approach distances for live working, at maximum voltages between 72,5 kV and 800 kV. This standard addresses system overvoltages and the working air distances or tool insulation between parts and/or workers at different electric potentials. The required withstand voltage and minimum approach distances calculated by the method described in this standard are evaluated taking into consideration - if the workers are trained for, and skilled in, working in the live working zone; - if the anticipated overvoltages do not exceed the value selected for the determination of the required minimum approach distance; - if transient overvoltages are the determining overvoltages; - if tool insulation has no continuous film of moisture or measurable contamination present on the surface; - if no lightning is seen or heard within 10 km of the work site; - if allowance is made for the effect of conducting components of tools; and - if the effect of altitude, insulators in the gap, etc, on the electric strength is taken into consideration. For conditions other than the above, the evaluation of the minimum approach distances may require specific data, derived by other calculation or obtained from additional laboratory investigations on the actual situation. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition of IEC 61472 published in 2004. It constitutes a technical revision. Significant changes with regard to the second edition are: - the clarification of the scope; - the review of the definitions; - the clarification of the methodology of determining whether live working is permissible and the calculation of the minimum approach distances; - the modification of the basic equation for calculation of the minimum approach distance; and - the introduction of Table 1 for altitude correction factor simplification ka.

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    47 pages
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IEC 62739-1:2013 provides an evaluating test method for the erosion of the metallic materials without surface processing intended to be used for lead-free wave soldering equipment as a solder bath and other components which are in contact with the molten solder.

  • Standard
    36 pages
    English and French language
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IEC 61472:2013 describes a method for calculating the minimum approach distances for live working, at maximum voltages between 72,5 kV and 800 kV. This standard addresses system overvoltages and the working air distances or tool insulation between parts and/or workers at different electric potentials. The required withstand voltage and minimum approach distances calculated by the method described in this standard are evaluated taking into consideration
- if the workers are trained for, and skilled in, working in the live working zone;
- if the anticipated overvoltages do not exceed the value selected for the determination of the required minimum approach distance;
- if transient overvoltages are the determining overvoltages;
- if tool insulation has no continuous film of moisture or measurable contamination present on the surface;
- if no lightning is seen or heard within 10 km of the work site;
- if allowance is made for the effect of conducting components of tools; and
- if the effect of altitude, insulators in the gap, etc, on the electric strength is taken into consideration. For conditions other than the above, the evaluation of the minimum approach distances may require specific data, derived by other calculation or obtained from additional laboratory investigations on the actual situation. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition of IEC 61472 published in 2004. It constitutes a technical revision. Significant changes with regard to the second edition are:
- the clarification of the scope;
- the review of the definitions;
- the clarification of the methodology of determining whether live working is permissible and the calculation of the minimum approach distances;
- the modification of the basic equation for calculation of the minimum approach distance; and
- the introduction of Table 1 for altitude correction factor simplification ka. The contents of the corrigendum of October 2015 have been included in this copy.

  • Standard
    90 pages
    English and French language
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IEC 61496-2:2013 specifies requirements for the design, construction and testing of electro-sensitive protective equipment (ESPE) designed specifically to detect persons as part of a safety-related system, employing active opto-electronic protective devices (AOPDs) for the sensing function. Special attention is directed to features which ensure that an appropriate safety-related performance is achieved. An ESPE may include optional safety-related functions, the requirements for which are given in Annex A of IEC 61946-1:2012 and of this part. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2006. It constitutes a technical revision and includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- Requirements have been corrected and made easier to understand.
- Test procedures have been revised to make them easier to perform and to improve repeatability.
- Guidance is provided for the evaluation and verification of AOPDs using design techniques for which the test procedures of this part are not sufficient.
This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 61496-1:2012.

  • Standard
    104 pages
    English and French language
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IEC/TR 62222:2012 provides recommendations for the requirements and test methods to be specified for the fire performance of communication cables when installed in buildings. The recommendations relate to typical applications and installation practices for copper and optical cables in buildings. This TechnicalReport includes an assessment of the fire hazards presented by such installations, and describes fire scenarios that have been established and the appropriate cable fire performances to mitigate these hazards. ISO/IEC 14763-2 recommends installation methods which,together with this Technical Report, provide guidelines for improving safety during fire. The recommendations also take into account legislation and regulation applicable to the fire performance of cables, an assessment of known test methods and their ability to measure the recommended fire performance. Power cables are usually segregated from communication cables for electrical safety and installed differently so they have not been addressed in this Technical Report.

  • Technical report
    88 pages
    English and French language
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IEC 61496-1:2012 specifies general requirements for the design, construction and testing of non-contact electro-sensitive protective equipment (ESPE) designed specifically to detect persons as part of a safety related system. Special attention is directed to functional and design requirements that ensure an appropriate safety-related performance is achieved. An ESPE may include optional safety-related functions, the requirements for which are given in Annex A. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2004 and its amendment 1 (2007). The main changes with respect to the previous edition are as follows: The design, test and verification requirements have been updated to make them consistent with the latest standards for functional safety and EMC. The contents of the corrigendum of April 2015 have been included in this copy.

  • Standard
    101 pages
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IEC 61236:2010 applies to saddles, stick clamps and their accessories, used for live working. The products designed and manufactured according to this standard contribute to the safety of the users provided they are used by skilled persons, in accordance with safe methods of work and the instructions for use. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 1993. It constitutes a technical revision. It includes the following significant technical changes from the previous edition: - clarification of the requirements and of the test provisions; - addition of a test for the durability of marking; - application of conformity assessment for products having completed the production phase, according to IEC 61318:2007 (Ed. 3).

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    52 pages
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IEC 61236:2010 applies to saddles, stick clamps and their accessories, used for live working. The products designed and manufactured according to this standard contribute to the safety of the users provided they are used by skilled persons, in accordance with safe methods of work and the instructions for use. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 1993. It constitutes a technical revision. It includes the following significant technical changes from the previous edition:
- clarification of the requirements and of the test provisions;
- addition of a test for the durability of marking;
- application of conformity assessment for products having completed the production phase, according to IEC 61318:2007 (Ed. 3).

  • Standard
    98 pages
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IEC 6084-3-116:2010 gives the requirements for non-heat-shrinkable sleeving, extruded from compounds based on polychloroprene elastomer. This sleeving has been found suitable for temperatures up to 95 °C. Sleeving of this type is normally available with internal diameters up to 25 mm, and in the following opaque colours: black, brown, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, violet, grey, white and pink. Sizes or colours other than those specifically listed in this standard may be available as custom items. This edition includes requirements four new tests:
- tear propagation;
- circumferential extension;
- voltage proof and thermal shock.

  • Standard
    17 pages
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This European Standard is applicable to cable cutting devices to be used to verify that a cable is dead in accordance with the rules given in EN 50110 1. The following limits apply to the cable cutting devices: - pressure less than 1 000 bar or pressure (bar) x volume (l) less than 10 000; - fluid outside the categories listed in Article 9 Group 1 (explosive, extremely flammable, highly flammable, flammable (where the maximum allowable temperature is above flashpoint), very toxic, toxic, oxidizing) of the Pressure Equipment Directive. Cable cutting devices specified in this standard are for use on systems with nominal voltage up to 30 kV AC and nominal frequencies up to 60 Hz and shall only be suitable for operation by foot or by hand. This European Standard does not deal with motorised cable cutting devices. For devices to be used on systems with nominal voltages above 30 kV AC this standard should be used as a guide but additional requirements and tests shall be agreed between manufacturer and customer to provide for an equivalent level of safety. These devices are not designed to be used on cables with special armour, or with steel wires or steel tapes more than 1 mm in diameter or thickness.

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    28 pages
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IEC 60832-1:2010 gives the essential requirements for insulating sticks for live working for use on a.c. electrical installations. The products designed and manufactured according to this standard contribute to the safety of the users provided they are used by skilled persons, in accordance with safe methods of work and the instructions for use. IEC 60832-1:2010 and IEC 60832-2:2010 cancel and replace the first edition of IEC 60832 published in 1988. The two parts have been created to clearly separate the requirements and testing of insulating sticks from those of attachable devices. Compared to IEC 60832, the major changes included in IEC 60832-1 are: - integration of a cold impact test on the end fitting; - creation of an electrical category of end fittings; - integration of a test of the dielectric strength of internal insulation; - modification of the dye penetration test (disappearance of fuchsine); - application of conformity assessment for products having completed the production phase, according to IEC 61318:2007 (Edition 3), focusing on the classification of defects and the introduction of alternative testing in case of production follow-up.

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