This part of CISPR 14 specifies the electromagnetic immunity requirements in the frequency
range 0 Hz to 400 GHz that apply to appliances, electric tools and similar apparatus as specified
below, whether powered by AC or DC (including a battery).
This document specifies immunity requirements for continuous and transient electromagnetic
disturbances, both conducted and radiated.
Unless otherwise specified, this document is applicable to all equipment in the scope of CISPR
14-1, namely:
• household appliances or similar apparatus;
NOTE 1 Examples are equipment used:
– for typical housekeeping functions in the household environment, which includes the dwelling and its
associated buildings, the garden, etc.;
– for typical housekeeping functions in shops, offices, commercial and other similar working environments;
– on farms;
– by clients in hotels and other residential type environments;
– for induction cooking or air conditioning, either in residential or commercial environments.
• electric tools;
NOTE 2 Examples of electric tools include electric motor-operated or electromagnetically driven hand-held
tools, transportable tools, lawn and garden machinery.
• similar apparatus;
NOTE 3 Examples are:
– external power controllers using semiconductor devices;
– motor-driven electro-medical equipment;
– electric/electronic toys;
– personal care and beauty care appliances;
– automatic goods-dispensing machines;
– entertainment machines;
– cine or slide projectors;
– battery chargers and external power supplies for use with products under the scope of this document;
– electric fence energisers.
Included in the scope of this document are also microwave ovens for domestic use or catering.
Equipment which incorporate radio transmit/receive functions are included in the scope of this
document.
NOTE 4 For handling cases where equipment under the scope of this document is combined with transmit and/or
receive radio functions, see Clause 8.
SIST EN IEC 55014-2:2021
– 8 – CISPR 14-2:2020 © IEC 2020
Excluded from the scope of this document are:
– equipment for which all electromagnetic immunity requirements are explicitly formulated in
other CISPR or IEC standards;
NOTE 5 Examples are:
• luminaires, including portable luminaires for children, discharge lamps, LED lamps and other lighting devices
under the scope of IEC 61547 (but see 8.7);
• multimedia equipment under the scope of CISPR 35;
• mains communication devices, as well as baby surveillance systems;
• arc welding equipment.
– equipment intended to be part of the fixed electrical installation of buildings (e.g. fuses,
circuit breakers, cables and switches);
– medical electrical equipment, including those in the scope of CISPR 14-1;
– equipment used only in industrial environment;
– equipment intended to be used exclusively in locations where special electromagnetic
conditions exist (e.g. high electromagnetic fields nearby broadcast transmitting stations or
high energy pulses nearby power generation stations);
– equipment intended to be used exclusively on a vehicle, ship, boat or aircraft;
– the effects of electromagnetic phenomena relating to the safety of apparatus (see IEC 60335
series);
Also excluded from the scope of this document is AC single-phase equipment with a rated
voltage higher than 250 V between phase and neutral and AC multi-phase equipment with rated
voltage higher than 480 V.
Abnormal operation of the equipment, such as simulated faults in the electric circuitry for testing
purposes, is not taken into consideration.

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This part of IEC 61000 is applicable to the immunity requirements of electrical and electronic
equipment to radiated electromagnetic energy. It establishes test levels and the required test
procedures.
The object of this document is to establish a common reference for evaluating the immunity of
electrical and electronic equipment when subjected to radiated, radio-frequency
electromagnetic fields. The test method documented in this part of IEC 61000 describes a
consistent method to assess the immunity of an equipment or system against RF
electromagnetic fields from RF sources not in close proximity to the EUT. The test environment
is specified in Clause 6.
NOTE 1 As described in IEC Guide 107, this is a basic EMC publication for use by product committees of the IEC.
As also stated in Guide 107, the IEC product committees are responsible for determining whether this immunity test
standard should be applied or not, and if applied, they are responsible for determining the appropriate test levels
and performance criteria. TC 77 and its sub-committees are prepared to co-operate with product committees in the
evaluation of the value of particular immunity tests for their products.
NOTE 2 Immunity testing against RF sources in close proximity to the EUT is defined in IEC 61000-4-39.
Particular considerations are devoted to the protection against radio-frequency emissions from
digital radiotelephones and other RF emitting devices.
NOTE 3 Test methods are defined in this part for evaluating the effect that electromagnetic radiation has on the
equipment concerned. The simulation and measurement of electromagnetic radiation is not adequately exact for
quantitative determination of effects. The test methods defined in this basic document have the primary objective of
establishing an adequate reproducibility of testing configuration and repeatability of test results at various test
facilities.
This document is an independent test method. It is not possible to use other test methods as
substitutes for claiming compliance with this document.

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The objective of this part of IEC 62433 is to describe the extraction flow for deriving an
immunity macro-model of an Integrated Circuit (IC) against conducted Electrostatic Discharge
(ESD) according to IEC 61000-4-2 and Electrical Fast Transients (EFT) according to
IEC 61000-4-4.
The model addresses physical damages due to overvoltage, thermal damage and other failure
modes. Functional failures can also be addressed.
This model allows the immunity simulation of the IC in an application. This model is commonly
called "Integrated Circuit Immunity Model Conducted Pulse Immunity", ICIM-CPI.
The described approach is suitable for modelling analogue, digital and mixed-signal ICs.
Several terminals of an IC can be part of a single model (e.g. input, output and supply pins).
The implementation of the model is capable of representing the non-linear behaviour of
overvoltage protection circuits.
The model can be implemented for the use in different software tools for circuit simulation in
time-domain. The described modelling approach allows simulating device failure due to ESD
or EFT at component and system level considering all components necessary for the immunity
simulation of an IC, such as a PCB or external protection elements.
This document demonstrates, in detail, the construction of models in a defined XML-based
format which is suitable for the exchange of models without any deeper knowledge of the
semiconductor circuit. However, the model functionality can be implemented in different
formats including, but not limited to, tables, SPICE[1] 1 netlists, hardware description
languages such as VHDL-AMS [2] and Verilog-AMS [3].
This document provides:
• the description of ICIM-CPI macro-model elements representing electrical, thermal or
logical behaviour of the IC.
• a universal data exchange format based on XML.

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IEC 61326-2-5:2020 is available as IEC 61326-2-5:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61326-2-5:2020 treats the particular features for EMC testing of field devices with field bus interfaces. This part of IEC 61326 covers only the field bus interface of the equipment. This part refers only to field devices intended for use in process control and process measuring. In this document, field devices with interfaces according to IEC 61784-1:2019, CP 3/2 and CP 1/1 as defined in IEC 61784 are covered. Other field bus interfaces may be included in future editions of this document.

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IEC 61326-2-6:2020 is available as IEC 61326-2-6:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61326-2-6:2020 specifies minimum requirements for immunity and emissions regarding electromagnetic compatibility for IN VITRO DIAGNOSTIC (IVD) MEDICAL EQUIPMENT, taking into account the particularities and specific aspects of this electrical equipment and their electromagnetic environment.

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IEC 61326-2-4:2020 is available as IEC 61326-2-4:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61326-2-4:2020 specifies more detailed test configurations, operational conditions and performance criteria than IEC 61326-1 for equipment for
- insulation monitoring according to IEC 61557-8;
- insulation fault location according to IEC 61557-9.
This applies to insulation monitoring devices and for equipment for insulation fault location systems permanently or semi-permanently connected to the distribution system.

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IEC 61326-2-3:2020 is available as IEC 61326-2-3:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61326-2-3:2020 specifies more detailed test configurations, operational conditions and performance criteria for transducers with integrated or remote signal conditioning. This document applies only to transducers characterized by their ability to transform, with the aid of an auxiliary energy source, a non-electric quantity to a process-relevant electrical signal, and to output the signal at one or more PORTS. This document includes transducers for electrochemical and biological measured quantities. The transducers covered by this document can be powered by AC or DC voltage and/or by battery or with internal power supply.

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IEC 61326-1:2020 is available as IEC 61326-1:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61326:2020 specifies requirements for immunity and emissions regarding electro¬magnetic compatibility (EMC) for electrical equipment, operating from a supply or battery of less than 1 000 V AC or 1 500 V DC or from the circuit being measured. Equipment intended for professional, industrial-process, industrial-manufacturing and educational use is covered by this part. It includes equipment and computing devices for
- measurement and test;
- control;
- LABORATORY use;
- accessories intended for use with the above (such as sample handling equipment),
intended to be used in industrial and non-industrial locations.

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IEC 61326-2-2:2020 is available as IEC 61326-2-2:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61326-2-2:2020 specifies more detailed test configurations, operational conditions and performance criteria for equipment covered by Annex A of IEC 61326-1:2020 which is:
- used for testing, measuring or monitoring of protective measures in low-voltage distribution systems, and;
- powered by battery and/or from the circuit measured, and
- portable.
Examples of such EUTs include, but are not limited to, voltage detectors, insulation testers, earth continuity testers, earth resistance testers, leakage current clamps, loop impedance testers, “residual-current-device-testers” (RCD-testers) and phase sequence testers as defined in IEC 61557 (all parts).

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IEC 61326-2-1:2020 is available as IEC 61326-2-1:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61326:2020 specifies more detailed test configurations, operational conditions and performance criteria for equipment with test and measurement circuits (internal or, external to the equipment, or both) that are not EMC protected for operational and/or functional reasons, as specified by the manufacturer. The manufacturer specifies the environment for which the product is intended to be used and selects the appropriate test level specifications of IEC 61326-1:2020.

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CISPR TR 16-3:2020 is available as CISPR TR 16-3:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
CISPR 16-3:2020 is a collection of technical reports (Clause 4) that serve as background and supporting information for the various other standards and technical reports in CISPR 16 series. In addition, background information is provided on the history of CISPR, as well as a historical reference on the measurement of interference power from household and similar appliances in the VHF range (Clause 5). Over the years, CISPR prepared a number of recommendations and reports that have significant technical merit but were not generally available. Reports and recommendations were for some time published in CISPR 7 and CISPR 8. At its meeting in Campinas, Brazil, in 1988, CISPR subcommittee A agreed on the table of contents of CISPR 16-3, and to publish the reports for posterity by giving the reports a permanent place in CISPR 16-3. With the reorganization of CISPR 16 in 2003, the significance of CISPR limits material was moved to CISPR 16-4-3, whereas recommendations on statistics of disturbance complaints and on the report on the determination of limits were moved to CISPR 16‑4-4:2007. The contents of Amendment 1 (2002) of CISPR 16-3:2000 were moved to CISPR 16-4-1. NOTE As a consolidated collection of independent technical reports, this document can contain symbols that have differing meanings from one clause to the next. Attempts have been made to minimize this to the extent possible at the time of editing. This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 2015. This edition constitutes a technical revision. The main technical change with respect to the previous edition consists of the addition of detailed background information on the large loop antenna system (LLAS) and its measurement method in general and on the models and equations which apply to calculate the reference validation factor and conversion factor curves.

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IEC 61000-4-3:2020 is applicable to the immunity requirements of electrical and electronic equipment to radiated electromagnetic energy. It establishes test levels and the required test procedures. The object of this document is to establish a common reference for evaluating the immunity of electrical and electronic equipment when subjected to radiated, radio-frequency electromagnetic fields. The test method documented in this part of IEC 61000 describes a consistent method to assess the immunity of an equipment or system against RF electromagnetic fields from RF sources not in close proximity to the EUT. The test environment is specified in Clause 6. NOTE 1 As described in IEC Guide 107, this is a basic EMC publication for use by product committees of the IEC. As also stated in Guide 107, the IEC product committees are responsible for determining whether this immunity test standard should be applied or not, and if applied, they are responsible for determining the appropriate test levels and performance criteria. TC 77 and its sub-committees are prepared to co-operate with product committees in the evaluation of the value of particular immunity tests for their products. NOTE 2 Immunity testing against RF sources in close proximity to the EUT is defined in IEC 61000-4-39. Particular considerations are devoted to the protection against radio-frequency emissions from digital radiotelephones and other RF emitting devices. NOTE 3 Test methods are defined in this part for evaluating the effect that electromagnetic radiation has on the equipment concerned. The simulation and measurement of electromagnetic radiation is not adequately exact for quantitative determination of effects. The test methods defined in this basic document have the primary objective of establishing an adequate reproducibility of testing configuration and repeatability of test results at various test facilities. This document is an independent test method. It is not possible to use other test methods as substitutes for claiming compliance with this document. This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 2006, Amendment 1:2007 and Amendment 2:2010. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- testing using multiple test signals has been described;
- additional information on EUT and cable layout has been added;
- the upper frequency limitation has been removed to take account of new services;
- the characterization of the field as well as the checking of power amplifier linearity of the immunity chain are specified.

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CISPR 14-2:2020 specifies the electromagnetic immunity requirements in the frequency range 0 Hz to 400 GHz that apply to appliances, electric tools and similar equipment as specified below, whether powered by AC or DC (including a battery). This document specifies immunity requirements for continuous and transient electromagnetic disturbances, both conducted and radiated. Unless otherwise specified, this document is applicable to all equipment in the scope of CISPR 14-1, namely:
- household appliances or similar equipment;
- electric tools;
- similar equipment;
- Refer to the Scope of the document for examples of equipment.
Included in the scope of this document are also microwave ovens for domestic use or catering.
Equipment which incorporate radio transmit/receive functions are included in the scope of this document. NOTE: For handling cases where equipment under the scope of this document is combined with transmit and/or receive radio functions, see Clause 8.
Excluded from the scope of this document are:
- equipment for which all electromagnetic immunity requirements are explicitly formulated in other CISPR or IEC standards;
- equipment intended to be part of the fixed electrical installation of buildings (e.g. fuses, circuit breakers, cables and switches);
- medical electrical equipment, including those in the scope of CISPR 14-1;
- equipment used only in industrial environment;
- equipment intended to be used exclusively in locations where special electromagnetic conditions exist (e.g. high electromagnetic fields nearby broadcast transmitting stations or high energy pulses nearby power generation stations);
- equipment intended to be used exclusively on a vehicle, ship, boat or aircraft;
- the effects of electromagnetic phenomena relating to the safety of apparatus (see IEC 60335 series);
Also excluded from the scope of this document is AC single-phase equipment with a rated voltage higher than 250 V between phase and neutral and AC multi-phase equipment with rated voltage higher than 480 V. Abnormal operation of the equipment, such as simulated faults in the electric circuitry for testing purposes, is not taken into consideration.
This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2015. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) extension of the frequency range for radiated immunity above 1 GHz;
b) an advanced categorisation of equipment;
c) revision of general test conditions and addition of new specific test conditions (e.g. for robotic equipment);
d) clarification of requirements applicable to equipment incorporating radio functions;
e) addition of requirements for wired network ports;
f) revision of definitions and addition of new ones;
g) delete requirements referring to statistical evaluation.

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Applies to television broadcast receivers, sound broadcast receivers and associated equipment intended for use in the residential, commercial and light industrial environment. Describes the methods of measurement and specified limits applicable to sound and television receivers and to associated equipment with regard to their immunity characteristics to disturbing signals. This standard is also applicable to the immunity of outdoor units of direct to home (DTH) satellite receiving systems for individual reception. Immunity requirements are given in the frequency range 0 Hz to 400 GHz. Radio-frequency tests outside the specified frequency bands or concerning other phenomena than given in this standard are not required. The objective of this standard is to define the immunity test requirements for equipment defined in the scope in relation to continuous and transient, conducted and radiated disturbances including electrostatic discharges. These test requirements represent essential electromagnetic immunity requirements. Test requirements are specified for each port (enclosure or connector) considered. The environments encompassed by this standard are residential, commercial and light-industrial locations, both indoor and outdoor. The following list, although not comprehensive, gives an indication of locations which are included: - residential properties, e.g. houses, apartments, etc.; - retail outlets, e.g. shops, supermarkets, etc.; - business premises, e.g. offices, banks, etc.; - areas of public entertainment, e.g. cinemas, public bars, dance halls, etc.; - outdoor locations, e.g. petrol stations, car parks, amusement and sports centres, etc.; - light-industrial locations e.g. workshops, laboratories, service centres, etc.; - car and boat. Locations which are characterized by their mains power being supplied directly at low voltage from the public mains are considered to be residential, commercial or light industrial.

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CISPR 24:2010 applies to information technology equipment (ITE) as defined in CISPR 22. The object of this publication is to establish requirements that will provide an adequate level of intrinsic immunity so that the equipment will operate as intended in its environment. The publication defines the immunity test requirements for equipment within its scope in relation to continuous and transient conducted and radiated disturbances, including electrostatic discharges (ESD). Procedures are defined for the measurement of ITE and limits are specified which are developed for ITE within the frequency range from 0 Hz to 400 GHz. For exceptional environmental conditions, special mitigation measures may be required. Owing to testing and performance assessment considerations, some tests are specified in defined frequency bands or at selected frequencies. Equipment which fulfils the requirements at these frequencies is deemed to fulfil the requirements in the entire frequency range from 0 Hz to 400 GHz for electromagnetic phenomena. The test requirements are specified for each port considered. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 1997, and its Amendments 1(2001) and 2(2002). It is a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- dated references updated;
- option of using a 4 % step size for continuous conducted immunity test deleted;
- revision of Annex A for telephony equipment including methodology for measuring the demodulation from a speaker/hands free device;
- inclusion of new annex related to DSL equipment. The contents of the corrigendum of June 2011 have been included in this copy.

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CISPR 36:2020 defines limits for 3 m measurement distance and methods of measurement that are designed to provide protection for off-board receivers (at 10 m distance) in the frequency range of 150 kHz to 30 MHz when used in the residential environment.
NOTE Protection of receivers used on board the same vehicle as the disturbance source(s) is covered by CISPR 25.
This document applies to the emission of electromagnetic energy which might cause interference to radio reception and which is emitted from electric and hybrid electric vehicles propelled by an internal traction battery (see 3.2 and 3.3) when operated on the road. This document applies to vehicles that have a traction battery voltage between 100 V and 1 000 V.
Electric vehicles to which CISPR 14-1 applies are not in the scope of this document. This document applies only to road vehicles where an electric propulsion is used for sustained speed of more than 6 km/h. Vehicles where the electric motor is only used to start up the internal combustion engine (e.g. "micro hybrid") and vehicles where the electric motor is used for additional propulsion only during acceleration (e.g. "48 V mild hybrid vehicles") are not in the scope of this document. The radiated emission requirements in this document are not applicable to the intentional transmissions from a radio transmitter as defined by the ITU including their spurious emissions. Annex C lists work being considered for future revisions.

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Amendment to indicate the complete list of standards to be superseded by EN 55035:2017

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CISPR TR 29:2020 is available as CISPR TR 29:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
CISPR TR 29:2020, which is a technical report, describes the algorithms used for objective picture assessment in immunity tests of analogue and digital TV broadcast receivers and associated equipment. The algorithms used were developed on the basis of the specifications originally included in Annex K of CISPR 20:2002/AMD2:2004, the later edition of which has been replaced by CISPR 35:2016. The method of objective picture assessment described in that annex employs the same interference mechanism and is based on the same wanted signal definition as specified in CISPR 35 for subjective picture assessment. Objective picture assessment, therefore, constitutes an alternative to the subjective method and offers the advantage of direct correlation to the subjective method. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2004. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- update of the references, and
- editorial improvements.

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This part of IEC 60118 covers the relevant EMC phenomena for hearing aids. Hearing aid
immunity to high frequency fields originating from digital wireless devices such as mobile
phones was identified as one of the most relevant EMC phenomena impacting hearing aids.

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This document specifies harness excitation test methods and procedures for determining the immunity of electronic components of passenger cars and commercial vehicles regardless of the propulsion system (e.g. spark-ignition engine, diesel engine, electric motor). The bulk current injection (BCI) test method is based on current injection into the wiring harness using a current probe as a transformer where the harness forms the secondary winding. The tubular wave coupler (TWC) test method is based on a wave coupling into the wiring harness using the directional coupler principle. The TWC test method was developed for immunity testing of automotive components with respect to radiated disturbances in the GHz ranges (GSM bands, UMTS, ISM 2,4 GHz). It is best suited to small (with respect to wavelength) and shielded device under test (DUT), since in these cases the dominating coupling mechanism is via the harness. The electromagnetic disturbances considered in this document are limited to continuous narrowband electromagnetic fields.

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This part of IEC 61000 defines the immunity test methods and range of preferred test levels
for electrical and electronic equipment connected to low-voltage power supply networks for
voltage dips, short interruptions, and voltage variations.
This document applies to electrical and electronic equipment having a rated input current not
exceeding 16 A per phase, for connection to 50 Hz or 60 Hz AC networks.
It does not apply to electrical and electronic equipment for connection to 400 Hz AC networks.
Tests for these networks will be covered by future IEC documents.
The object of this document is to establish a common reference for evaluating the immunity of
electrical and electronic equipment when subjected to voltage dips, short interruptions and
voltage variations.
NOTE 1 Voltage fluctuation immunity tests are covered by IEC 61000-4-14.
The test method documented in this document describes a consistent method to assess the
immunity of equipment or a system against a defined phenomenon.
NOTE 2 As described in IEC Guide 107, this is a basic EMC publication for use by product committees of the
IEC. As also stated in Guide 107, the IEC product committees are responsible for determining whether this
immunity test standard should be applied or not, and, if applied, they are responsible for defining the appropriate
test levels. Technical committee 77 and its sub-committees are prepared to co-operate with product committees in
the evaluation of the value of particular immunity tests for their products.

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IEC 60118-13:2019 covers the relevant EMC phenomena for hearing aids. Hearing aid immunity to high frequency fields originating from digital wireless devices such as mobile phones was identified as one of the most relevant EMC phenomena impacting hearing aids. IEC 60118-13:2019 cancels and replaces the fourth edition published in 2016 and constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) it introduces a new measurement method and set of EMC requirements for hearing aids immunity to mobile digital wireless devices; b) generic EMC requirements for hearing aids are no longer included – should be covered by other standards as appropriate.

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IEC 61000-4-11:2020 is available as IEC 61000-4-11:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61000-4-11:2020 defines the immunity test methods and range of preferred test levels for electrical and electronic equipment connected to low-voltage power supply networks for voltage dips, short interruptions, and voltage variations. This document applies to electrical and electronic equipment having a rated input current not exceeding 16 A per phase, for connection to 50 Hz or 60 Hz AC networks. It does not apply to electrical and electronic equipment for connection to 400 Hz AC networks. Tests for these networks will be covered by future IEC documents. The object of this document is to establish a common reference for evaluating the immunity of electrical and electronic equipment when subjected to voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations. NOTE 1 Voltage fluctuation immunity tests are covered by IEC 61000-4-14. The test method documented in this document describes a consistent method to assess the immunity of equipment or a system against a defined phenomenon. NOTE 2 As described in IEC Guide 107, this is a basic EMC publication for use by product committees of the IEC. As also stated in Guide 107, the IEC product committees are responsible for determining whether this immunity test standard should be applied or not, and, if applied, they are responsible for defining the appropriate test levels. Technical committee 77 and its sub-committees are prepared to co-operate with product committees in the evaluation of the value of particular immunity tests for their products. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2004 and Amendment 1:2017. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - rise time and fall time of transients are now defined terms in Clause 3; - the origin of voltage dips and short interruptions is now stated in Clause 4. Keywords: immunity test methods, low-voltage power supply networks

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IEC 61000-4-36:2020 is available as IEC 61000-4-36:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 61000-4-36:2020 provides methods to determine test levels for the assessment of the immunity of equipment and systems to intentional electromagnetic interference (IEMI) sources. It introduces the general IEMI problem, IEMI source parameters, derivation of test limits and summarises practical test methods. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2014. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- addition of a hyperband and mesoband radiated transients immunity test method in
- Annex H;
- addition of a calibration method of sensors for radiated hyperband and mesoband transient fields and measurement uncertainty in Annex I.

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IEC 61000-4-11:2020 is available as IEC 61000-4-11:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 61000-4-11:2020 defines the immunity test methods and range of preferred test levels for electrical and electronic equipment connected to low-voltage power supply networks for voltage dips, short interruptions, and voltage variations. This document applies to electrical and electronic equipment having a rated input current not exceeding 16 A per phase, for connection to 50 Hz or 60 Hz AC networks. It does not apply to electrical and electronic equipment for connection to 400 Hz AC networks. Tests for these networks will be covered by future IEC documents. The object of this document is to establish a common reference for evaluating the immunity of electrical and electronic equipment when subjected to voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations.
NOTE 1 Voltage fluctuation immunity tests are covered by IEC 61000-4-14. The test method documented in this document describes a consistent method to assess the immunity of equipment or a system against a defined phenomenon.
NOTE 2 As described in IEC Guide 107, this is a basic EMC publication for use by product committees of the IEC. As also stated in Guide 107, the IEC product committees are responsible for determining whether this immunity test standard should be applied or not, and, if applied, they are responsible for defining the appropriate test levels. Technical committee 77 and its sub-committees are prepared to co-operate with product committees in the evaluation of the value of particular immunity tests for their products. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2004 and Amendment 1:2017. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- rise time and fall time of transients are now defined terms in Clause 3;
- the origin of voltage dips and short interruptions is now stated in Clause 4.
Keywords: immunity test methods, low-voltage power supply networks
The contents of the corrigendum of May 2020 have been included in this copy.

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IEC 60118-13:2019 covers the relevant EMC phenomena for hearing aids. Hearing aid immunity to high frequency fields originating from digital wireless devices such as mobile phones was identified as one of the most relevant EMC phenomena impacting hearing aids.
IEC 60118-13:2019 cancels and replaces the fourth edition published in 2016 and constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) it introduces a new measurement method and set of EMC requirements for hearing aids immunity to mobile digital wireless devices;
b) generic EMC requirements for hearing aids are no longer included – should be covered by other standards as appropriate.

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This part of CISPR 16 specifies the methods of measurement of radiated disturbance
phenomena in the frequency range of 9 kHz to 18 GHz. The aspects of measurement
uncertainty are specified in CISPR 16-4-1 and CISPR 16-4-2.
NOTE In accordance with IEC Guide 107 [13]1, CISPR 16-2-3 is a basic EMC publication for use by product
committees of the IEC. As stated in Guide 107, product committees are responsible for determining the
applicability of the EMC standard. CISPR and its subcommittees are prepared to co-operate with product
committees in the evaluation of the value of particular EMC tests for specific products.

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This part of CISPR 16 specifies the characteristics and performance of equipment for the
measurement of radio disturbance in the frequency range 9 kHz to 18 GHz. In addition,
requirements are provided for specialized equipment for discontinuous disturbance
measurements.
NOTE In accordance with IEC Guide 107, CISPR 16-1-1 is a basic electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) standard
for use by product committees of the IEC. As stated in Guide 107, product committees are responsible for
determining the applicability of a basic EMC standard. CISPR and its subcommittee are prepared to co-operate
with product committees in the evaluation of the value of particular EMC tests for specific products.
The specifications in this document apply to electromagnetic interference (EMI) receivers and
spectrum analyzers. The term “measuring receiver” used in this document refers to both EMI
receivers and spectrum analyzers (see also 3.7). The calibration requirements for measuring
receivers are detailed in Annex J.
Further guidance on the use of spectrum analyzers can be found in Annex B of any one of the
following documents: CISPR 16-2-1:2014, CISPR 16-2-2:2010, or CISPR 16-2-3: 2016.

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This part of IEC 61000 focuses on the immunity requirements and test methods for electrical
and electronic equipment, under operational conditions, with regard to:
a) repetitive slow damped oscillatory waves occurring mainly in power, control and signal
cables installed in high voltage and medium voltage (HV/MV) substations;
b) repetitive fast damped oscillatory waves occurring mainly in power, control and signal
cables installed in gas insulated substations (GIS) and in some cases also air insulated
substations (AIS) or in any installation due to high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP)
phenomena.
The object of this document is to establish a common and reproducible reference for
evaluating the immunity of electrical and electronic equipment when subjected to damped
oscillatory waves on supply, signal, control and earth ports. The test method documented in
this part of IEC 61000 describes a consistent method to assess the immunity of an equipment
or system against a defined phenomenon.
NOTE As described in IEC Guide 107, this is a basic EMC publication for use by product committees of the IEC.
As also stated in Guide 107, the IEC product committees are responsible for determining whether this immunity
test standard is applied or not, and if applied, they are responsible for determining the appropriate test levels and
performance criteria. 1
The document defines:
– test voltage and current waveforms;
– ranges of test levels;
– test equipment;
– calibration and verification procedures of test equipment;
– test setups;
– test procedure.

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This part of IEC 61000 focuses on the immunity requirements and test methods for electrical and electronic equipment, under operational conditions, with regard to: a) repetitive slow damped oscillatory waves occurring mainly in power, control and signal cables installed in high voltage and medium voltage (HV/MV) substations; b) repetitive fast damped oscillatory waves occurring mainly in power, control and signal cables installed in gas insulated substations (GIS) and in some cases also air insulated substations (AIS) or in any installation due to high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) phenomena. The object of this document is to establish a common and reproducible reference for evaluating the immunity of electrical and electronic equipment when subjected to damped oscillatory waves on supply, signal, control and earth ports. The test method documented in this part of IEC 61000 describes a consistent method to assess the immunity of an equipment or system against a defined phenomenon. NOTE As described in IEC Guide 107, this is a basic EMC publication for use by product committees of the IEC. As also stated in Guide 107, the IEC product committees are responsible for determining whether this immunity test standard is applied or not, and if applied, they are responsible for determining the appropriate test levels and performance criteria. 1 The document defines: – test voltage and current waveforms; – ranges of test levels; – test equipment; – calibration and verification procedures of test equipment; – test setups; – test procedure.

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applies to electrical and electronic apparatus intended for use in industrial environments, as described below. Immunity requirements in the frequency range 0 Hz to 400 GHz are covered. No tests need to be performed at frequencies where no requirements are specified. This generic EMC immunity standard is applicable if no relevant dedicated product or product-family EMC immunity standard exists. This standard applies to apparatus intended to be connected to a power network supplied from a high or medium voltage transformer dedicated to the supply of an installation feeding manufacturing or similar plant, and intended to operate in or in proximity to industrial locations, as described below. This standard applies also to apparatus which is battery operated and intended to be used in industrial locations. The environments encompassed by this standard are industrial, both indoor and outdoor. The immunity requirements have been selected to ensure an adequate level of immunity for apparatus at industrial locations. The levels do not, however, cover extreme cases, which may occur at any location, but with an extremely low probability of occurrence. Not all disturbance phenomena have been included for testing purposes in this standard, but only those considered as relevant for the equipment covered by this standard. These test requirements represent essential electromagnetic compatibility immunity requirements.

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This part of CISPR 16 specifies the characteristics and performance of equipment for the
measurement of radiated disturbances in the frequency range 9 kHz to 18 GHz. Specifications
for antennas and test sites are included.
NOTE In accordance with IEC Guide 107, CISPR 16-1-4 is a basic EMC publication for use by product committees
of the IEC. As stated in Guide 107, product committees are responsible for determining the applicability of the EMC
standard. CISPR and its sub-committees are prepared to cooperate with product committees in the evaluation of
the value of particular EMC tests for specific products.
The requirements of this publication apply at all frequencies and for all levels of radiated
disturbances within the CISPR indicating range of the measuring equipment.
Methods of measurement are covered in Part 2-3, further information on radio disturbance is
given in Part 3, and uncertainties, statistics and limit modelling are covered in Part 4 of
CISPR 16.

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Applies to electrical and electronic apparatus intended for use in residential, commercial and light-industrial environments. Immunity requirements in the frequency range 0 Hz to 400 GHz are covered. No tests need to be performed at frequencies where no requirements are specified. This generic EMC immunity standard is applicable if no relevant dedicated product or product-family EMC immunity standard exists. This standard applies to apparatus intended to be directly connected to a low-voltage public mains network or connected to a dedicated DC source which is intended to interface between the apparatus and the low-voltage public mains network. This standard applies also to apparatus which is battery operated or is powered by a non-public, but non-industrial, low-voltage power distribution system if this apparatus is intended to be used in the locations described below. The environments encompassed by this standard are residential, commercial and light-industrial locations, both indoor and outdoor. The following list, although not comprehensive, gives an indication of locations which are included: - residential properties, for example houses, apartments; - retail outlets, for example shops, supermarkets; - business premises, for example offices, banks; - areas of public entertainment, for example cinemas, public bars, dance halls; - outdoor locations, for example petrol stations, car parks, amusement and sports centres; - light-industrial locations, for example workshops, laboratories, service centres. Locations which are characterised by being supplied directly at low voltage from the public mains network are considered to be residential, commercial or light-industrial. The immunity requirements have been selected to ensure an adequate level of immunity for apparatus at residential, commercial and light-industrial locations. The levels do not, however, cover extreme cases, which may occur at any location, but with an extremely low probability of occurrenc

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