This document defines the air interface for radio frequency identification (RFID) devices operating in the 860 MHz to 960 MHz industrial, scientific, and medical (ISM) band used in item management applications. It provides a common technical specification for RFID devices that can be used to develop RFID application standards. This document is intended to allow for compatibility and to encourage inter-operability of products for the growing RFID market in the international marketplace. It defines the forward and return link parameters for technical attributes including, but not limited to, operating frequency, operating channel accuracy, occupied channel bandwidth, maximum effective isotropic radiated power (EIRP), spurious emissions, modulation, duty cycle, data coding, bit rate, bit rate accuracy, bit transmission order, and, where appropriate, operating channels, frequency hop rate, hop sequence, spreading sequence, and chip rate. It further defines the communications protocol used in the air interface. This document specifies the physical and logical requirements for a passive-backscatter, Interrogator-Talks-First (ITF) systems. The system comprises Interrogators, also known as readers, and tags, also known as labels. An Interrogator receives information from a tag by transmitting a continuous-wave (CW) RF signal to the tag; the tag responds by modulating the reflection coefficient of its antenna, thereby backscattering an information signal to the Interrogator. The system is ITF, i.e. a tag modulates its antenna reflection coefficient with an information signal only after being directed to do so by an Interrogator. This document specifies —   physical interactions (the signalling layer of the communication link) between Interrogators and tags; —   logical operating procedures and commands between Interrogators and Tags; —   the collision arbitration scheme used to identify a specific tag in a multiple-tag environment; —   optional security commands that allow the use of crypto suites of ISO/IEC 29167.

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This document establishes the general requirements for electronic product labelling which can be applicable to all types of product regardless of industry.

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    3 pages
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The primary purpose of the ISO/IEC 19763 series is to specify a metamodel framework for interoperability. This document specifies a metamodel for registering document models (or schemata). Examples of such document models include: —   specifications for XML documents (using XML schema[3]); —   specifications for JSON documents (using JSON schema[2]). This metamodel was developed taking into account the requirements for both XML schema and JSON schema, but is applicable to all current specifications for document models.

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    67 pages
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This document defines the requirements for the symbology known as Han Xin Code. It specifies the Han Xin Code symbology characteristics, data encoding process, symbol structure, dimensions and print quality requirements, error correction rules, reference decoding algorithm, and user-selectable application parameters.

  • Standard
    196 pages
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This document provides guidance on transportation and its related or additional services using quick response (QR) codes for identification and authentication in data transfer, in order to make their services both convenient and advantageous for customers and service agents while protecting them from cheating and illegal action in data transfer.

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    10 pages
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This document defines a test method to evaluate the interference rejection performance of tags covered by ISO/IECÂ 18000-63 and a heterogeneous wireless system using different access technologies, e.g. radio frequency identification and cell phone network. It specifies the general requirements and test requirements. The test method in this document makes it possible to compare the relative interference rejection performance among tags under a single wireless interference environment. In addition, this document can be used in a benchmarking test according to requirements in a given application or service.

  • Standard
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This document provides a communication-protocol neutral method for exchanging electronic business messages. It defines specific enveloping constructs supporting reliable, secure delivery of business information. Furthermore, this document defines a flexible enveloping technique, permitting messages to contain payloads of any format type. It specifies each of the following: ? Messaging model ? Message pulling and partitioning ? Processing modes ? Message packaging ? Error handling ? Security module ? Reliable messaging module This document is applicable to all types of organizations (e.g., commercial enterprises, government agencies, not-for-profit organizations) that exchange documents or data electronically using messaging.

  • Standard
    115 pages
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    115 pages
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This document describes the AS4 Profile, which provides a subset of the functionality of ISO 15000‑1:2021, along with implementation guidelines based on the "just-enough" design principles and electronic data interchange functional requirements to trim down ISO 15000-1:2021 into a more simplified specification for web services business-to-business messaging. It specifies: - three conformance profiles of ISO 15000-1:2021 (see Clause 4); - a number of AS4 additional features (see Clause 5); - complementary requirements for the AS4 multi-hop profile (see Clause 6); - AS4 usage profile of ISO 15000-1:2021 (see Clause 7); - definitions of conformance (see Clause 8). Annex A provides some sample messages to support implementation. Annex B provides a sample XSLT stylesheet to generate an AS4 receipt. This document is applicable to all types of organizations (e.g., commercial enterprises, government agencies, not-for-profit organizations) that exchange documents or data electronically using messaging.

  • Standard
    56 pages
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    56 pages
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The RFID tag location, tag data content and functional requirements have been developed for application on the main line railway networks. Other networks (such as metro) may apply this standard but are outside of its scope.
This document contains:
-   a description of the RFID tag installation location;
-   a description of the RFID tag data content;
-   a description of the functional requirements in relation to the RFID tag track side reading performance.

  • Standard
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This document is an engineering document intended for verifier manufacturers and application specification developers. This document describes modifications to the symbol quality methodology defined in ISO/IEC 15415 and a symbology specification. It defines alternative illumination conditions, some new terms and parameters, modifications to the measurement and subsequent grading of certain parameters and the reporting of the grading results. This document was developed to assess the symbol quality of direct marked parts, where the mark is applied directly to the surface of the item and the reading device is a two-dimensional imager. When application specifications allow, this method is also potentially applicable to symbols produced by other methods. This is appropriate when direct part marked (DPM) symbols and non-DPM symbols are being scanned in the same scanning environment. The symbol grade is reported as a DPM grade rather than as an ISO/IEC 15415 grade.

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    33 pages
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    33 pages
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This document specifies the design and use of the RFID Emblem: an easily identified visual guide that indicates the presence of radio frequency identification (RFID). It does not address the location of the RFID Emblem on a label. Specific placement requirements are left to application standards developers. This document also specifies an RFID Index, which can be included in the RFID Emblem and which addresses the complication added by the wide range of RFID tags in existence (frequency, protocol and data structure). The RFID Index is a two-character code that provides specific information about tags and interrogators. Successful reading of RFID tags requires knowledge of the frequency, protocol and data structure information provided by the RFID Index.

  • Standard
    14 pages
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This document provides guidelines on identification and labelling of medicinal products from the point
of manufacture of packaged medicinal product to the point of dispensing the product.
This document outlines best practice for AIDC barcoding solutions for applications. Users can, however,
consider the coding interoperability requirements for other AIDC technologies, e.g. Radio Frequency
Identification (RFID).

  • Technical specification
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This document defines test methods for performance characteristics of RFID tags for item management and specifies the general requirements and test requirements for tags which are applicable to the selection of devices for an application. The summary of the test reports forms a unified tag datasheet.

  • Standard
    51 pages
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    51 pages
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This document specifies the metamodel that provides a facility to register administrative and evolution information related to ontologies. The metamodel is intended to promote interoperability among application systems, by providing administrative and evolution information related to ontologies, accompanied with standardized ontology repositories that register ontologies themselves in specific languages. This document does not specify the metamodels of ontologies expressed in specific languages and the mappings among them.

  • Standard
    37 pages
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This document specifies the message exchange framework for communicating data element definitions with an ISO/IEC 11179-3 metadata registry (MDR). It defines message semantics, protocols and bindings for a set of transactions allowing the exchange of a commonly used subset of data element metadata with an ISO/IEC 11179-3 MDR. This document establishes the following data element message exchange interoperability specifications: — retrieving data element list from an ISO/IEC 11179-3 MDR matching the selection criteria; — retrieving metadata of a selected data element from an ISO/IEC 11179-3 MDR.

  • Technical report
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This document specifies a method using a barcoding system for tracing potential isolated defects that can be present in the following kinds of coated or uncoated steel flat products, for example:
-   electro-galvanised surface
-   galvanised surface
-   galvannealed surface
-   cold rolled surface
This method, named “quality tracking”, aims at transferring additional material information to the steel users, especially the location of some isolated defects, in a reliable way. This method enables the manufacturer or purchaser to eliminate blanks or coils containing defects.
The method uses a 1D barcode to identify each section of steel strip.
NOTE 1   The stakeholders most involved in this technique are suppliers of steel flat products, car makers, appliance makers, part manufacturers, blanking line builders, steel processors, service centres, etc. All stakeholders can benefit from this project since defects can be traced, and, therefore, the steel containing defects can be eliminated or set apart of the production line.
NOTE 2   In the first stages of development, this method was called "defect tracking" (see [1]) and has been changed into "quality tracking" at the beginning of the standardization process.    
NOTE 3   Quality tracking can be applied to other types of coated or uncoated steel flat products such as pickled and oiled, organic coated, and steels for packaging. Quality tracking can be applied for coiled materials for which the technology of quality tracking is applicable.
NOTE 4   If quality tracking data are used outside of the purpose of quality tracking, it is under the responsibility of the user.
NOTE 5   Quality tracking can be applied to other materials than steel.
NOTE 6   The way to collect the information to be transferred to the user is out of the scope of this document.

  • Standard
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This standard specifies design requirements for labels to be used on distribution units and pallets for seafood
products, ensuring a uniform label design that will facilitate the flow of information on the products and on
their production along the value chain, including traceability information using text and machine readable
codes in the form of bar codes.
The traceability of fish is generally covered by ISO 12875 and ISO 12877.
This standard will not cover consumer packaging.
The standard will consider radio frequency identification (RFID) and 2D bar codes as part of the scope.

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  • Standard
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This document defines test methods for performance characteristics of RFID interrogators and specifies the general requirements and test requirements for interrogators which are applicable to the selection of the devices for an application. The summary of the test reports forms a unified interrogator datasheet.

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    29 pages
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This document specifies the procedural requirements to maintain identities and outlines the obligations of the Registration Authority.

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    3 pages
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This document specifies requirements for labels to be used on distribution units (boxes, cartons, bags, etc.), and logistic units (pallets, cages, trolleys, etc.) for fishery and aquaculture products, ensuring uniform labels with human readable text and bar codes using a common data set, thereby fulfilling EU regulations and facilitating traceability.
NOTE   Other labelling systems could also address European regulatory requirements.
This document does not address the exchange of any information by means other than the use of labels
The technologies referred to in this document are examples of methods that are suitable to provide product traceability.
This document does not cover requirements on the labelling or marking of consumer packaging but aims to ensure that the necessary information for consumer packaging labelling or marking is available through the supply chain.

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  • Standard
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This document describes numbering systems that are available for the identification of RF tags and assigns various allocation classes to various agencies that issue manufacturer codes. The unique ID can be used: — for the traceability of the integrated circuit itself for quality control in its manufacturing process; — for the traceability of the RF tag during its manufacturing process and along its lifetime; — for the completion of the reading in a multi-antenna configuration; — by the anti-collision mechanism to inventory multiple tags in the reader's field of view; and — for the traceability of the item to which the RF tag is attached.

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    16 pages
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This document defines the requirements for the symbology known as extended rectangular data matrix (DMRE). It specifies the DMRE code symbology characteristics, data character encodation, symbol formats, dimensions and print quality requirements, error correction rules, decoding algorithm, and user-selectable application parameters. It applies to all DMRE code symbols produced by any printing or marking technology. Original data matrix code sizes are not covered by this document but defined in ISO/IEC 16022 using the same matrix placement, decoding and error correction algorithm.

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    72 pages
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This document provides a specification for an extension to a Metadata Registry (MDR), as specified in ISO/IEC 11179-3:2013, Clauses 5 to 11 in which metadata which describes data sets, collections of data available for access or download in one or more formats, can be registered. Since a set can contain a single element, this document enables the recording of metadata about a single data value. The registered metadata provides information about the data set that includes the provenance and the quality of the dataset.

  • Standard
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This document specifies basic attributes which are required to describe data elements and associated metadata, and which might be used in situations where a complete ISO/IEC 11179-3 metadata registry is not appropriate (e.g. in the specification of other International Standards).

  • Technical specification
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This document defines how to use the RFID air interface standards of the ISO/IEC 18000 series that are based on backscatter technology for localization of RFID tags, specifically tags which are ISO/IEC 18000‑4, ISO/IEC 18000‑61, ISO/IEC 18000-62, ISO/IEC 18000-63 and ISO/IEC 18000-64 compliant. This document specifies the physical and logical requirements for localization. The system comprises interrogators, also known as readers, and tags, also known as labels. An interrogator receives information from a tag by transmitting a modulated RF signal to the tag and the tag responds by modulating the reflection coefficient of its antenna, thereby backscattering an information signal to the interrogator. The modulated RF signal for data exchange is based on the relevant part of the ISO/IEC 18000 series and, in addition, there is a superimposed modulated RF signal with the same or different carrier frequency intended for localization. This document describes the signals required for localization, the method to derive localization information from the signals received by the interrogator and the requirements onto tags and interrogators.

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    15 pages
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This document specifies a data model and encoding rules for the use of radio frequency identification
(RFID) tags for items appropriate for the needs of all types of libraries (including national, academic,
public, corporate, special, and school libraries). The rules for encoding a subset of data elements taken
from the total set of data elements defined in ISO 28560-1 are based on ISO/IEC 15962, which uses an
object identifier structure to identify data elements.
This document defines the technical characteristics required to encode the data elements defined in
ISO 28560-1 in accordance with ISO/IEC 15962. These subsets of data elements can be different on
different items in the same library. The encoding rules also enable the optional data to be organized on
the RFID tag in any sequence. In addition, the encoding rules provide for flexible encoding of variable
length and variable format data.
This document provides essential standards-based information about RFID in libraries. A source of
additional information about implementation issues is provided in Annex A.

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  • Standard
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This document specifies the procedural requirements to maintain specific RFID data constructs. The data constructs are associated with managing open and closed applications that utilise RFID systems which conform to the data protocol defined in other parts of ISO/IEC 15961 and ISO/IEC 15962, and the air interface protocols of ISO/IEC 18000. It also outlines the obligations of the Registration Authority and the application administrators, with respect to: — the allocation of AFIs to particular applications defined by the application administrator; — the allocation of data formats to particular applications defined by the application administrator; — the registration of Root-OIDs, compliant with ISO/IEC 9834-1, to any Unique Item Identifiers used in applications defined by the application administrator; — the registration of Root-OIDs, compliant with ISO/IEC 9834-1, to any other data used in applications defined by the application administrator; — the registration of various table-driven encoding schemes, compliant with ISO/IEC 15962.

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This document defines the test methods for determining the performance characteristics of chirp spread spectrum (CSS) real time locating system (RTLS) equipment including tags and readers which are applicable to the selection of equipment that conforms to ISO/IEC 24730‑5 for specific applications. This document does not apply to the testing in relation to regulatory or similar requirements. The RTLS equipment performance parameters included in this document only include the chirp spread spectrum (CSS) radio frequencies link between tags and readers. Unlike ISO/IEC 18305, the tests in this document apply exclusively to RTLS equipment defined in ISO/IEC 24730‑5 unless specified otherwise.

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    9 pages
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This document specifies the terms and definitions, general requirements and data structure for coding radio frequency identification (RFID) tyre tags.

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  • Standard
    12 pages
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This document specifies requirements for using an RFID tag to individually identify a tyre. Three RFID tyre tag technologies are considered in this document: embedded, patch, sticker. Tyre tags can be used for all tyre categories.

  • Standard
    7 pages
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  • Standard
    7 pages
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This document describes the basic concept of metadata, and its relationship to both data and metamodels.

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This document defines the Rabin-Montgomery (RAMON) crypto suite for the ISO/IEC 18000 series of air interfaces standards for radio frequency identification (RFID) devices. Its purpose is to provide a common crypto suite for security for RFID devices that can be referred to by ISO/IEC for air interface standards and application standards. This document specifies a crypto suite for Rabin-Montgomery (RAMON) for air interface for RFID systems. The crypto suite is defined in alignment with existing air interfaces. This document defines various authentication methods and methods of use for the cipher. A Tag and an Interrogator can support one, a subset, or all of the specified options, clearly stating what is supported.

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    76 pages
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This document compliments ISO/IEC 11179-3 by describing registration of classification schemes and using them to classify registered items in an MDR. Any metadata item can be made a Classifiable_Item so it can be classified, which can include object classes, properties, representations, conceptual domains, value domains, data element concepts and data elements themselves. This document does not establish a particular classification scheme as pre-eminent. Sanction of a particular taxonomic approach and/or a particular epistemology is also beyond the scope of this document. These are addressed by other standards committees and/or tend to be tailored to a particular domain of discourse. The MDR can establish its own classification schemes, and other standards committees are developing or have developed normative languages for use in classification and/or particular techniques and structures that can be accommodated by this document. Each registration authority, as described and specified in ISO/IEC 11179-6, can classify classifiable items according to the classification schemes, structures and content that it deems appropriate. In documenting the classification aspects of classifiable items, the registration authority can use the principles, methods, procedures and attributes covered in this document.

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This standard defines a concept for building data structures (including data elements, syntax and semantics) for type plates with a RFID transponder (including HF, UHF, NFC), 2D symbol (including Data Matrix, QR-Code) and human readable text in a consistent way.
This standard also defines a minimum set of consistent data that are needed on the data carriers when multiple data carrier techniques are used on the same item.
This standard also gives guidance for creating specific applications standards, to support interoperability and backward compatibility.
The processes related to the usage of type plates are not in scope of this standard.

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This document defines a concept for building data structures (including data elements, syntax and semantics) for type plates with a RFID transponder (including HF, UHF, NFC), 2D symbol (including DataMatrix, QR-Code) and human readable text in a consistent way.
This document also defines a minimum set of consistent data that are needed on the data carriers when multiple data carrier techniques are used on the same item.
This document also gives guidance for creating specific applications standards, to support interoperability and backward compatibility.
The processes related to the usage of type plates are not in scope of this document.

  • Standard
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This document specifies a transfer structure, syntax, and coding of messages and data formats when using high-capacity ADC media between trading partners (specifically between suppliers and recipients) and, where applicable, in support of carrier applications, such as bills of lading, and carrier sortation and tracking. The data encoded according to this document include: — data which can be used in the shipping, receiving and inventory of transport units; — data which can be contained within supporting documentation, in paper or electronic form, related to unit loads or transport packages; — data which can be used in the sortation and tracking of transport units. This document describes the ISO/IEC 646 characters used for automatic data capture; it is not the controlling specification for data structures (e.g. CII) referenced in this International Standard. This document does not supersede or replace any applicable safety or other marking or labelling requirements. It is intended to be applied in addition to any other mandated labelling requirements.

  • Standard
    17 pages
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This document specifies rules and code structures associated with the data constructs for RFID for item management. In particular, it: — defines the application family identifier (AFI), including the range of code values that are available to use for RFID for item management; — defines the data format, including the range of code values that are available to use for RFID for item management; — describes the Object Identifier structure used for RFID for item management; — specifies the function of the Object Identifier for the Unique Item Identifier (UII); — specifies the function of the Object Identifier for other item attendant data. NOTE Conventionally in International Standards, long numbers are separated by a space character as a "thousands separator". This convention has not been followed in this document because the arcs of an Object Identifier are defined by a space separator (according to ISO/IEC 8824 and ISO/IEC 8825). As the correct representation of these arcs is vital to this document, all numeric values have no space separators except to denote a node between two arcs of an Object Identifier. For additional clarity, Object Identifiers are presented in bold text.

  • Standard
    13 pages
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This document defines the crypto suite for SPECK for the ISO/IEC 18000 air interfaces standards for radio frequency identification (RFID) devices. Its purpose is to provide a common crypto suite for security for RFID devices that can be referred to by ISO committees for air interface standards and application standards. The crypto suite is defined in alignment with existing air interfaces. SPECK is a symmetric block cipher that is parameterized in both its block length and key length. In this document, a variety of block/key length options are supported. This document defines various methods of use for the cipher. A Tag and an Interrogator can support one, a subset, or all of the specified options, clearly stating what is supported.

  • Standard
    45 pages
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This document defines the crypto suite for SIMON for the ISO/IEC 18000 air interfaces standards for radio frequency identification (RFID) devices. Its purpose is to provide a common crypto suite for security for RFID devices that can be referred by ISO committees for air interface standards and application standards. The crypto suite is defined in alignment with existing air interfaces. SIMON is a symmetric block cipher that is parameterized in both its block length and key length. In this standard, a variety of block/key length options are supported. This document defines various methods of use for the cipher. A Tag and an Interrogator can support one, a subset, or all of the specified options, clearly stating what is supported.

  • Standard
    46 pages
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This document specifies a data model and encoding rules for the use of radio frequency identification (RFID) tags for items appropriate for the needs of all types of libraries (including national, academic, public, corporate, special, and school libraries). The rules for encoding a subset of data elements taken from the total set of data elements defined in ISO 28560-1 are based on ISO/IEC 15962, which uses an object identifier structure to identify data elements. This document defines the technical characteristics required to encode the data elements defined in ISO 28560-1 in accordance with ISO/IEC 15962. These subsets of data elements can be different on different items in the same library. The encoding rules also enable the optional data to be organized on the RFID tag in any sequence. In addition, the encoding rules provide for flexible encoding of variable length and variable format data. This document provides essential standards-based information about RFID in libraries. A source of additional information about implementation issues is provided in Annex A.

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  • Standard
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  • Standard
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IEC 61987-92:2018 provides the lists of properties (LOPs) describing aspects of equipment for industrial-process automation that is subject to IEC 61987 standard series. This standard series proposes a method for standardization which will help both suppliers and users of measuring equipment to optimize workflows both within their own companies and in their exchanges with other companies. IEC 61987-92 contains additional aspects that are common to all devices, for example, “Packaging and transportation”, “Calibration and test results” and “Device documents supplied”. The structures of the LOPs correspond to the general structures defined in IEC 61987-11 and agree with the fundamentals for the construction of LOPs defined in IEC 61987-10. Libraries of properties and of blocks used in the aspect LOPs are listed in Annex B and Annex C.

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This document defines the air interface for radio frequency identification (RFID) devices operating in the 2,45 GHz industrial, scientific, and medical (ISM) band used in item management applications. This document provides a common technical specification for RFID devices that can be used by ISO committees developing RFID application standards. This document is intended to allow for compatibility and to encourage inter-operability of products for the growing RFID market in the international marketplace. This document defines the forward and return link parameters for technical attributes including, but not limited to, operating frequency, operating channel accuracy, occupied channel bandwidth, maximum equivalent isotropically radiated power (EIRP), spurious emissions, modulation, duty cycle, data coding, bit rate, bit rate accuracy, bit transmission order, and where appropriate, operating channels, frequency hop rate, hop sequence, spreading sequence, and chip rate. This document further defines the communications protocol used in the air interface. This document contains four modes. Mode 1 is an interrogator talks first with passive tag. Mode 2 is a tag talks first with battery-assisted passive tag. Mode 3 is a globally available, ubiquitous network supporting (but not limited to) the logistics and transportation industry; agnostic to any device, commercial or otherwise, requiring global availability. Mode 4 is a configurable data rate active RFID system. It provides the functions of long range objects identification and environmental sense, and it is intended to realize the low cost device and low power consumption, long range identification, fast and reliable tags access. The detailed technical differences between the modes are shown in the parameter tables.

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This document provides a usage scenario that utilizes the facilities defined in ISO/IEC 11179-3, ISO/IEC 19763-5 and ISO/IEC 19763-10 to demonstrate the registration of the mapping between process models. The availability of these registered process model mappings will help to promote the reuse of process models. The scope of this document is limited to a discussion of the process models associated with software development projects and the deliverables produced during these projects. This document describes a scenario that evaluates the combined usage of ISO/IEC 11179-3, ISO/IEC 19763-5 and ISO/IEC 19763-10 to enable the reuse of past knowledge of process models describing project processes and deliverables.

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ISO/IEC 20248:2018 is an ISO/IEC 9594‑8 (Public Key Infrastructure: digital signatures and certificates) application specification for automated identification services. It specifies a method whereby data stored within a barcode and/or RFID tag are structured, encoded and digitally signed. ISO/IEC 9594‑8 is used to provide a standard method for key and data description management and distribution. It is worth noting that the data capacity and/or data transfer capacity of Automated Identification Data Carriers are restricted. This restricts the normal use of a Digital Signature as specified in ISO/IEC 9594‑8 within automated identification services. The purpose of this document is to provide an open and interoperable method, between automated identification services and data carriers, to read data, verify data originality and data integrity in an offline use case. ISO/IEC 20248:2018 specifies - the meta data structure, the DigSig, which contains the Digital Signature and encoded structured data, - the public key certificate parameter and extension use, the DigSig Certificate, which contains the certified associated public key, the structured data description, the read methods and private containers, - the method to specify, read, describe, sign, verify, encode and decode the structured data, the DigSig Data Description, - the DigSig EncoderGenerator which generates the relevant asymmetric key pairs, keeps the Private Key secret and generates the DigSigs, and - the DigSig DecoderVerifier which, by using to the DigSig Certificate, reads the DigSig from the set of Data Carriers, verifies the DigSig and extracts the structured data from the DigSig. A successful verification of the DigSig signifies the following: - the data was not tampered with; - the source of the data is as indicated on the DigSig Certificate used to verify the DigSig with; - if a secured identifier of the data carrier is included in the DigSig it contains, then the data stored on the data carrier can be considered as the original issued copy of the data; the secure identifier will be able to guarantee that the data carrier is authentic. ISO/IEC 20248:2018 does not specify - cryptographic methods, nor - key management methods. ISO/IEC 20248:2018 is used in conjunction with standard risk assessments of the use environment.

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This document applies to labels on the packaging of electronic components for automatic
handling in B2B processes. These labels use linear bar code and two-dimensional (2D)
symbols. Labels for direct product marking and shipping labels are excluded. Labels required
on the packaging of electronic components that are intended for the retail channel of
distribution in B2C processes are also excluded from this document.
Bar code and 2D symbol markings are used, in general, for automatic identification and
automatic handling of components in electronics assembly lines. Intended applications include
systems that automate the control of component packages during production, inventory and
distribution.

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ISO/IEC 21277:2018 defines test methods to measure the performance of crypto suites of radio frequency identification (RFID) devices (tags and interrogators) for item management as specified in ISO/IEC 18000‑63 and ISO/IEC 29167 (all parts). These test methods measure the crypto suite system performance (tags and interrogators) against the crypto suite outcomes as required by the desired set of use case requirements for a specific application/service. These test methods are used as an extension of ISO/IEC 18046‑1 but can be used in a standalone manner. Crypto suite performance can vary substantially between crypto suites, implementations of a crypto suite for tags and interrogators and crypto suite outcomes in specific interrogation scenarios. Tag crypto functions require time and energy to complete successfully. The desired crypto strength and method influence the time and energy required. "Crypto suite performance" is therefore defined in this document as "the shortest time to complete a crypto outcome at a given read distance in relation to the RF power available". This document provides guidelines in the evaluation of the measurement results. The test methods do not measure crypto capabilities which include crypto strength, suitability and robustness. They neither measure random generator performance nor deal with key management.

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ISO 15394:2017: - specifies the minimum requirements for the design of labels containing linear bar code and two-dimensional symbols on transport units to convey data between trading partners; - provides for traceability of transported units using a unique transport unit identifier (licence plate); - provides guidance on the formatting on the label of data presented in linear bar code, two-dimensional symbol or human-readable form; - provides specific recommendations regarding the choice of bar code symbologies, and specifies quality requirements; - provides recommendations as to label placement, size and the inclusion of free text and any appropriate graphics; - provides guidance on the selection of the label material. This document is not applicable to the direct printing on to kraft coloured corrugated surfaces. NOTE Guidance on the direct printing of bar code symbols on to kraft coloured corrugated surfaces are provided in references such as The Fibre Box Handbook[10].

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ISO/IEC 29167-10:2017 specifies the crypto suite for AES-128 for the ISO/IEC 18000 air interfaces standards for radio frequency identification (RFID) devices. Its purpose is to provide a common crypto suite for security for RFID devices that might be referred by ISO committees for air interface standards and application standards. ISO/IEC 29167-10:2017 specifies a crypto suite for AES-128 for an air interface for RFID systems. The crypto suite is defined in alignment with existing air interfaces. ISO/IEC 29167-10:2017 specifies various authentication methods and methods of use for the encryption algorithm. A Tag and an Interrogator can support one, a subset, or all of the specified options, clearly stating what is supported.

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ISO/IEC 18047-6 defines test methods for determining the conformance of radio frequency identification (RFID) devices (tags and interrogators) for item management with the specifications given in ISO/IEC 18000-61, ISO/IEC 18000-62, ISO/IEC 18000-63 and ISO/IEC 18000-64, but does not apply to the testing of conformity with regulatory or similar requirements. The test methods require only that the mandatory functions, and any optional functions which are implemented, are verified. This can, in appropriate circumstances, be supplemented by further, application-specific functionality criteria that are not available in the general case. The interrogator and tag conformance parameters in ISO/IEC 18047-6 are the following: - type-specific conformance parameters including nominal values and tolerances; - parameters that apply directly affecting system functionality and inter-operability. Parameters that are already included in regulatory test requirements are not included in ISO/IEC 18047-6. Unless otherwise specified, the tests in ISO/IEC 18047-6 are intended to be applied exclusively to RFID tags and interrogators defined in ISO/IEC 18000-61, ISO/IEC 18000-62, ISO/IEC 18000-63 and ISO/IEC 18000-64.

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