This document specifies a method for comparing simulation results from a vehicle model to measured test data for an existing vehicle according to closing-curve tests as specified in ISOÂ 11026. The purpose of the validation is to demonstrate that the vehicle dynamics simulation, combined with an integrated electronic stability control (ESC) system, can predict the roll and yaw stability behaviour of a physical vehicle, including the ESC system interventions, during a closing-curve test. The simulation method can be either hardware-in-the-loop [with the original electronic control unit (ECU) on a HiL test stand] or software-in-the-loop, based on a software code generated from the same source as for the ECU in the real vehicle. This document applies to heavy vehicles, including commercial vehicles, commercial vehicle combinations, buses and articulated buses as defined in ISOÂ 3833 (trucks and trailers with a maximum weight above 3,5Â tonnes and buses and articulated buses with a maximum weight above 5Â tonnes, according to ECE and EC vehicle classification, categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4).

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This document provides codes for the exchange of general, mass and administrative information between truck chassis manufacturers and bodywork manufacturers. The process of exchanging the above information can involve: — chassis manufacturer; — chassis importer; — chassis dealer; — one or more bodywork manufacturers; — bodywork component suppliers, e.g. manufacturers of demountable bodies, cranes and loading equipment, tipping equipment.

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This document provides a set of codes for the exchange of dimensional data between truck chassis manufacturers and bodywork manufacturers. The process of exchanging the above information can involve: — chassis manufacturer; — chassis importer; — chassis dealer; — one or more bodywork manufacturers; and — bodywork component suppliers, e.g. manufacturers of demountable bodies, cranes and loading equipment, tipping equipment.

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This document specifies the minimum requirements and test methods for lashing points for cargo securing on commercial vehicles and intermodal loading units for cargo transport.
This document does not apply to:
-   Vehicles and intermodal loading units manufactured before publication of this standard;
-   Vehicles and intermodal loading units designed and constructed exclusively for the transport of bulk materials;
-   Vehicles and intermodal loading units designed and constructed exclusively for the transport of specific cargo with particular securing requirements;
-   Vehicles (delivery vans) in conformance to ISO 27956;
-   ISO series 1 freight containers.

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This document specifies a method for comparing simulation results from a vehicle model to measured test data for an existing vehicle combination's lateral stability according to driving tests as specified in ISO 14791. The comparison is made for the purpose of validating the simulation model for this type of test. A complete validation comprises the comparison for at least one tested vehicle and one variant of this vehicle, covered by a parameter variation in the vehicle model. The document applies to heavy vehicles, including commercial vehicles, commercial vehicle combinations, buses and articulated buses as defined in ISO 3833 (trucks and trailers with maximum weight above 3,5 tonnes and buses and articulated buses with maximum weight above 5 tonnes, according to ECE and EC vehicle classification, categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4).

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This document specifies a method for comparing simulation results from a vehicle model to measured test data for an existing vehicle according to steady-state circular driving tests as specified in ISO 14792. The comparison is made for the purpose of validating the vehicle model for this type of test. This document applies to heavy vehicles, including commercial vehicles, commercial vehicle combinations, buses and articulated buses as defined in ISO 3833 (trucks and trailers with a maximum weight above 3,5 tonnes and buses and articulated buses with a maximum weight above 5 tonnes, according to ECE and EC vehicle classification, categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4).

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This document describes a standard method for measuring a vehicle's longitudinal and lateral (horizontal plane) centre of gravity (CG) positions and three methods for estimating a vehicle's vertical CG position, the axle lift, tilt-table, and stable pendulum methods. It applies to heavy vehicles, that is commercial vehicles and buses as defined in ISO 3833 (trucks and trailers with maximum weight above 3,5 tonnes and buses and articulated buses with maximum weight above 5 tonnes, according to ECE and EC vehicle classification, categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4). CG measurements are performed separately for each single unit.

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This document series describes a generic system for the exchange of data between truck chassis manufacturers and bodywork manufacturers. It applies to commercial vehicles as defined in ISO 3833, having a maximum gross vehicle mass above 3 500 kg. The process of exchanging the above information can involve: — chassis manufacturer; — chassis importer; — chassis dealer; — one or more bodywork manufacturers; and — bodywork component suppliers, e.g. manufacturers of demountable bodies, cranes and loading equipment, tipping equipment. This document specifically deals with the coding of dimensions and other characteristics of hook loaders, to ensure an efficient and unambiguous communication of installation data between the parties involved.

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This document series describes a generic system for the exchange of data between truck chassis manufacturers and bodywork manufacturers. It applies to commercial vehicles as defined in ISO 3833, having a maximum gross vehicle mass above 3 500 kg. The process of exchanging the above information can involve: — chassis manufacturer; — chassis importer; — chassis dealer; — one or more bodywork manufacturers; and — bodywork component suppliers, e.g. manufacturers of demountable bodies, cranes and loading equipment, tipping equipment. This document specifically deals with the coding of dimensions and other characteristics of skip loaders, to ensure an efficient and unambiguous communication of installation data between the parties involved.

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This document series describes a generic system for the exchange of data between truck chassis manufacturers and bodywork manufacturers. It applies to commercial vehicles as defined in ISO 3833, having a maximum gross vehicle mass above 3 500 kg. The process of exchanging product data can involve: — chassis manufacturer; — chassis importer; — chassis dealer; — one or more bodywork manufacturers; and — bodywork component suppliers, e.g. manufacturers of demountable bodies, cranes and loading equipment, tipping equipment. This document describes the general principles and provides an overview and recommendations to assist the parties implementing BEP codes for their communication process. The recommendations cover different ways to communicate and present the BEP codes. In particular, the application of XML for communication of BEP codes in an unambiguous way is described.

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ISO 19377:2017 describes test methods for determining the deviation of the path travelled by a vehicle during a braking manoeuvre induced by an emergency braking system from a pre-defined desired path. The purpose of this document is the evaluation of the vehicle path during and following the system intervention. The corrective steering actions for keeping the vehicle on the desired path can be applied either by the driver or by a steering machine or by a driver assistance system. By making this document open for either open-loop or closed-loop testing, it is possible to apply the test method for evaluating how well the vehicle can be kept within user-defined lane markings after the system intervention, and also for evaluating the precision of the interaction between the emergency braking system and an active lane keeping system. This document applies to heavy vehicles equipped with an advanced emergency braking system (AEBS), including commercial vehicles, commercial vehicle combinations, buses and articulated buses as defined in ISO 3833 (trucks and trailers with maximum weight above 3,5 tonnes and buses and articulated buses with maximum weight above 5 tonnes, according to ECE and EC vehicle classification, categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4). NOTE The test method is intended to evaluate the entire vehicle behaviour, not for defining system requirements for the AEBS, which is done in the respective standards created by ISO/TC 204.

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This European Standard applies to body structures on commercial vehicles and on trailers.
This European Standard sets out basic minimum requirements for standard vehicle bodies (side walls, front and rear walls) and for reinforced vehicle bodies and specifies appropriate tests.
This standard applies to all commercial vehicles which are related by design and body type to the body structures described below.
Forces applied according to the test requirements described below can be invoked for load securing purposes.
The floor of the vehicle is a part of the sub frame. As long as the floor strength is not defined, the manufacturer should give the necessary information. It is recommended to specify the loading capacity of the floor, the test and marking should be carried out analogous to EN 283.
This European Standard does not apply to vans according to ISO 27956.

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ISO 18375:2016 describes an open-loop test method for determining the yaw stability of a vehicle on a low friction road surface. It applies to heavy vehicles, that is commercial vehicles, commercial vehicle combinations, buses and articulated buses as defined in ISO 3833 (trucks and trailers with maximum weight above 3,5 tonnes and buses and articulated buses with maximum weight above 5 tonnes, according to ECE and EC vehicle classification, categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4). The method is intended for vehicles equipped with electronic yaw-stability control systems. As the results of this test depend largely on local and temporary changes in road surface friction, this International Standard gives recommendations about keeping the friction level as uniform as possible for good reproducibility of the test results.

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ISO 16552:2014 describes test methods for determining the stopping distance during a straight-line braking manoeuvre with the braking system fully operational. It applies to heavy vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), including commercial vehicles, commercial vehicle combinations, buses and articulated buses as defined in ISO 3833 (trucks and trailers with maximum weight above 3,5 tonnes and buses and articulated buses with maximum weight above 5 tonnes, according to ECE and EC vehicle classification, categories M3, N2, N3, O3, and O4).

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The ISO 21308 series describes a generic system for the exchange of data between truck chassis manufacturers and bodywork manufacturers. It applies to commercial vehicles as defined in ISO 3833, having a maximum gross vehicle mass above 3 500 kg. The process of exchanging the above information can involve chassis manufacturers, chassis importers, chassis dealers, one or more bodywork manufacturers, and bodywork component suppliers, e.g. manufacturers of demountable bodies, cranes and loading equipment, and tipping equipment. ISO 21308-5:2014 specifically describes the coding dimensions and other characteristics of loader cranes and auxiliary stabilizers, to ensure an efficient and unambiguous communication of installation data between the parties involved. ISO 21308-5:2014 covers loader cranes as specified in ISO 15442, designed to be fitted on commercial vehicles (including trailers). ISO 21308-5:2014 is not applicable to other load-lifting systems (e.g. tail lifts, hook loader systems).

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ISO 14792:2011 specifies tests for determining the steady-state directional control response of heavy vehicles, one of the factors composing vehicle dynamics and road-holding properties. ISO 14792:2011 is applicable to heavy vehicles, i.e. commercial vehicles, combinations, buses and articulated buses as defined in ISO 3833, covered by Categories M3, N2, N3, O3, and O4 of UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe) and EC vehicle regulations. These categories pertain to trucks and trailers with a maximum mass above 3,5 t and to buses and articulated buses with a maximum mass above 5 t.

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ISO 16333:2011 specifies a tilt-table test method for estimating the steady-state rollover threshold of a heavy commercial vehicle or bus, i.e. the maximum lateral acceleration that the test vehicle could sustain in steady-state turning without rolling over. ISO 16333:2011 is applicable to complete roll units/combinations of roll-coupled vehicle units, e.g. single-unit vehicles, tractor semitrailer combinations, articulated buses, full trailers, B-train combinations, of commercial vehicles, commercial vehicle combinations, buses or articulated buses as defined in ISO 3833, and under Categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4 of ECE and EC vehicle regulations (trucks and trailers with maximum weights above 3,5 t and buses and articulated buses with maximum weights above 5 t). ISO 16333:2011 does not cover transient, vibratory or dynamic rollover situations; nor does it consider the influences of dynamic stability control systems. Furthermore, the quality of the estimate of the steady-state rollover threshold provided by the test method decreases as the tilt angle required to produce rollover increases. Even so, the results for heavy vehicles with high rollover thresholds can be used for comparing their relative steady-state roll stability.

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ISO 14793:2011 specifies test methods for determining the transient response behaviour of heavy commercial vehicles, heavy commercial vehicle combinations, buses and articulated buses, as defined in ISO 3833 for trucks and trailers above 3,5 t and buses above 5 t maximum weight, and in UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe) and EC vehicle classification, categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4.

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ISO 11026:2010 specifies an open-loop test method for determining the roll stability of a vehicle negotiating a curve on dry surface. It applies to heavy vehicles, that is commercial vehicles, commercial vehicle combinations, buses and articulated buses as defined in ISO 3833 (trucks and trailers with maximum weight above 3,5 t and buses and articulated buses with maximum weight above 5 t, according to ECE and EC vehicle classification, categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4). The method is intended for vehicles equipped with electronic roll stability control systems.

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ISO 11012:2009 describes two open-loop test methods for determining on-centre handling characteristics of a vehicle in response to specific types of steering input under closely controlled test conditions: the weave test, and the transition test. ISO 11012:2009 applies to heavy vehicles, i.e. commercial vehicles, commercial vehicle combinations, buses and articulated buses as defined in ISO 3833 (trucks and trailers with maximum weight above 3,5 tonnes and buses and articulated buses with maximum weight above 5 tonnes, in accordance with ECE and EC vehicle classification, categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4).

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ISO/TS 21308-4:2007 describes the mapping to STEP application protocol 239 for the exchange of dimensional data between truck chassis manufacturers and bodywork manufacturers. It applies to commercial vehicles, as defined in ISO 3833, which have a maximum gross vehicle mass greater than 3 500 kg. The process of exchanging the above information can involve the chassis manufacturer, the chassis importer, the chassis dealer, one or more bodywork manufacturers, and bodywork component suppliers, e.g. manufacturers of demountable bodies, cranes and loading equipment, tipping equipment.

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ISO 16234:2006 describes an open-loop test method for determining vehicle reactions during a straight-line braking manoeuvre on a surface having a split coefficient of friction. It applies to heavy vehicles, i.e. commercial vehicles, commercial vehicle combinations, buses and articulated buses as defined in ISO 3833 (trucks and trailers with maximum weight above 3,5 tonnes and buses and articulated buses with maximum weight above 5 tonnes, according to ECE and EC vehicle classification, categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4). The method is limited to vehicles in which at least the first unit is equipped with an anti-lock braking system. It is valid for braking with service-brake systems only or in combination with retarders and/or engine brakes.

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ISO 15037-2:2002 specifies the general conditions that apply when vehicle dynamics properties are determined according to ISO test methods carried out on heavy vehicles. These are commercial vehicles, combinations, buses and articulated buses, as defined in ISO 3833 for trucks and trailers above 3,5 t and buses above 5 t maximum weight, and in UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe) and EC vehicle classification, categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4.

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This International Standard specifies test methods to determine the lateral stability of heavy commercial vehicle combinations as defined in ISO 3833, including truck centre-axle trailer combinations and articulated buses. It is applicable to trucks and trailers having a mass exceeding 3,5 t and buses having a mass exceeding 5 t, i.e. vehicle categories N2, N3, O3, O4 and M3 according to 92/53/EEC. The manoeuvres specified in these test methods are not fully representative of real driving conditions, but are useful for determining the lateral stability of a heavy vehicle combination.

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The 132 codes for dimensions including angles established are to be used for the exchange of vehicle data and electronic processing. Applies to commercial road vehicles as defined in ISO 3833.

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This Standard specifies the minimum requirements and test methods for lashing points fitted to commercial vehicles and trailers with flatbed body construction of maximum total mass above 3,5 t and intended for general use. The standard does not apply to - Vehicles designed and constructed exclusively for the transportation of bulk materials; - Vehicles designed and constructed exclusively for the transportation of specific cargo with particular securing requirements.

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This European Standard applies to body structures on commercial vehicles and on trailers with a maximum total weight of more than 3 500 kg.
This European Standard sets out basic minimum requirements for standard vehicle bodies (side walls, front and rear walls) and for reinforced vehicle bodies and specifies appropriate tests.
This European Standard does not apply to swap bodies, nor to box type vans, i.e. vehicles where the driver cabin and the cargo space form one unit.

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ISO/PAS 21308-1:2007 describes general principles for the exchange of data between truck chassis manufacturers and bodywork manufacturers. It applies to commercial vehicles as defined in ISO 3833, having a maximum gross vehicle mass greater than 3 500 kg. The process of exchanging product data can involve chassis manufacturer, chassis importer, chassis dealer, one or more bodywork manufacturers, and bodywork component suppliers, e.g. manufacturers of demountable bodies, cranes and loading equipment and tipping equipment. ISO/PAS 21308-1:2007 provides an overview and recommendations to assist the parties implementing BEP codes for their communication process. The recommendations cover different ways of communicating and presenting the BEP codes. ISO/PAS 21308-1:2007 also contains some examples of experience from practical use.

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ISO 21308-3:2007 provides codes for the exchange of general, mass and administrative information. It applies to commercial vehicles, as defined in ISO 3833, having a maximum gross vehicle mass above 3 500 kg. The process of exchanging the above information can involve the chassis manufacturer, the chassis importer, the chassis dealer, one or more bodywork manufacturers, and bodywork component suppliers, e.g. manufacturers of demountable bodies, cranes and loading equipment, tipping equipment.

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This standard specifies minimum requirements for the body structure (e.g. side walls, end walls) and pro-vides suitable test methods, to make sure, that the body structure of the vehicle is able to take over the securing of cargo, if the cargo is not secured by using lashing materials.
This standard is valid for the body structure on commercial vehicles and trailers with a maximum total mass (R) over 3,5 t.

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ISO 21308-2:2006 provides a set of codes for the exchange of dimensional data between truck chassis manufacturers and bodywork manufacturers. It applies to commercial vehicles as defined in ISO 3833, having a maximum gross vehicle mass above 3 500 kg. The process of exchanging the above information can involve: chassis manufacturer; chassis importer; chassis dealer; one or more bodywork manufacturers; bodywork component suppliers, e.g. manufacturers of demountable bodies, cranes and loading equipment, tipping equipment.

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ISO 16333:2004 specifies a tilt-table test method for estimating the steady-state rollover threshold of a heavy commercial vehicle or bus, i.e. the maximum lateral acceleration that the test vehicle could sustain in steady-state turning without rolling over. It is applicable to complete roll units/combinations of roll-coupled vehicle units -- e.g. single-unit vehicles, tractor-semitrailer combinations, articulated buses, full trailers, B-train combinations -- of commercial vehicles, commercial vehicle combinations, buses or articulated buses as defined in ISO 3833, and under Categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4 of ECE and EC vehicle regulations (trucks and trailers with maximum weights above 3,5 t and buses and articulated buses with maximum weights above 5 t).

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ISO 14792:2003 specifies tests for determining the steady-state directional control response of heavy vehicles, one of the factors composing vehicle dynamics and road-holding properties. It is applicable to heavy vehicles -- i.e. commercial vehicles, combinations, buses and articulated buses as defined in ISO 3833 -- covered by Categories M3, N2, N3, O3, and O4 of UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe) and EC vehicle regulations. These categories pertain to trucks and trailers with a maximum mass above 3,5 t and to buses and articulated buses with a maximum mass above 5 t.

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ISO 14793:2003 specifies test methods for determining the transient response behaviour of heavy commercial vehicles, heavy commercial vehicle combinations, buses and articulated buses, as defined in ISO 3833 for trucks and trailers above 3,5 t and buses above 5 t maximum weight and in UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe) and EC vehicle classification, categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4.

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