This part of ISO 8437 provides information on national and regional provisions applicable to powered walk-behind
and ride-on snow throwers. It is not intended to apply to hand-held snow throwers nor to airport, highway,
agricultural or other types of snow removal machines and equipment.

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This part of ISO 8437 defines terms and definitions and common test methods applicable to powered walk-behind
and ride-on snow throwers. It is not intended to apply to hand-held snow throwers nor to airport, highway, agricultural or other types of snow removal machines and equipment.
This standard deals with significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to snow throwers used as intended and under the conditions reasonably foreseen by the manufacturer.

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This International Standard defines terms and specifies safety requirements and test procedures applicable to powered walk-behind snow throwers. It is not intended to apply to hand-held snow throwers nor to airport, highway, agricultural or other types of snow removal machines and equipment.

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This part of ISO 8437 specifies safety requirements and test procedures applicable to powered ride-on snow
throwers.

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This document applies to front loaded refuse collection vehicle (RCV), as defined in 3.2 with closed system defined in 3.13.
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the front loaded RCV, when it is used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer, throughout its foreseeable lifetime, as defined in Clause 4.
This document is applicable to the design and construction of the front loaded RCV so as to ensure that it is fitted for its function and can be operated adjusted and maintained during its entire lifetime. It is not applicable to the end of life of the front loaded RCV.
prEN 1501-3 describes and defines the safety requirements of front loaded RCV excluding the interface with the lifting device(s) and excluding the lifting device itself and excluding loader cranes, which could be mounted on the RCV.
Safety requirements for the lifting device(s), loader cranes and their interface to the RCV are defined in prEN 1501-5.
Safety requirements for loader cranes are defined in EN 12999. Additional requirements to loader cranes installed as a loading device for handling containers for refuse or recyclable material on RCVs are defined in prEN 1501 5.
This document also applies to compactors, operated on a truck for collecting purposes.
This document is not applicable to:
-   operation in severe conditions e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as:
-   below −25 °C and above +40 °C temperatures;
-   tropical environment;
-   wind velocity in excess of 75 km/h;
-   contaminating environment;
-   corrosive environment;
-   operation in potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. hot refuses, acids and bases, radioactive materials, contaminated refuse, especially fragile loads, explosives);
-   operation on ships.
This document is not applicable to machinery which is manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

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This document applies to side loaded refuse collection vehicle (RCV), as defined in prEN 1501-1.
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the side loaded RCV, when it is used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer, throughout its foreseeable lifetime, as defined in Clause 4.
This document is applicable to the design and construction of the side loaded RCV so as to ensure that it is fit for its intended function and can be operated, moved, cleaned (including unblocking), adjusted and maintained during its entire lifetime. It is not applicable to the end of life of the side loaded RCV.
This document describes and defines the safety requirements of side loaded RCV excluding the interface with the lifting device(s) and excluding the lifting device itself and excluding loader cranes, which could be mounted on the RCV.
Safety requirements for the lifting device(s) including the loader cranes and the interface to the RCV are defined in prEN 1501-5.
Safety requirements for loader cranes are defined in EN 12999.
This document also applies to compactors, operated on a truck for collecting purposes.
This document is not applicable to:
-   below −25 °C and above +40 °C temperatures;
-   tropical environment;
-   wind velocity in excess of 75 km/h;
-   contaminating environment;
-   corrosive environment;
-   operation in potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. hot refuses, acids and bases, radioactive materials, contaminated refuse, especially fragile loads, explosives);
-   operation on ships.
This document is not applicable to machinery which is manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

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This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to lifting devices used for the emptying of designated refuse containers into RCVs and their fitting onto the RCVs when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer throughout their foreseeable lifetime as defined in Clause 4.
This document is applicable to the design and construction of the refuse container lifting devices and the mounting of other lifting devices so as to ensure that they are fitted for their function and can be operated, adjusted and maintained during their entire lifetime. It is not applicable to the end of life of the lifting devices.
This document describes and gives the safety requirements of the lifting devices for emptying refuse containers and their interfaces with the corresponding parts of the RCVs and will be used in conjunction with prEN 1501-1 for the rear, side and front loaded RCVs. It refers to EN 1501-4 for the noise test code.
This document is not applicable to:
-   operation in severe conditions e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as:
-   temperatures below −25 °C and above +40 °C;
-   tropical environment;
-   wind velocity in excess of 75 km/h;
-   contaminating environment;
-   corrosive environment;
-   operation in potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   lifting and transportation of persons;
-   emptying refuse containers other than those manufactured according to EN 840 (all parts), EN 12574 (all parts), EN 13071 (all parts), and those described as paladin, diamond, skip containers;
-   loading bulky refuse by means of platform or forks;
-   handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. hot refuses, acids and bases, radioactive materials, contaminated refuse, especially fragile loads, explosives);
-   operation on ships;
-   fitting and operation on stationary compactors.
This document is not applicable to machinery which is manufactured before the date of its publication by CEN.

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This document applies to rear loaded refuse collection vehicles (RCV), as defined in 3.2.
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the rear loaded RCV, when it is used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer, throughout its foreseeable lifetime, as defined in Clause 4.
This document is applicable to the design and construction of the rear loaded RCV so as to ensure that it is fit for its function and can be operated, adjusted and maintained during its entire lifetime. It is not applicable to the end of life of the rear loaded RCV.
This document describes and defines the safety requirements of rear loaded RCVs excluding the interface tailgate/discharge door with the lifting device(s) and the lifting device(s) as illustrated in Figure A.1.
Safety requirements for the lifting device(s) and the interface with the tailgate/discharge door are defined in prEN 1501-5. Safety requirements for loader cranes are defined in EN 12999.
This European Standard is not applicable to:
-   operation in severe conditions, e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as:
-   below -25 °C and above +40 °C temperatures;
-   tropical environment;
-   wind velocity in excess of 75 km/h;
-   contaminating environment;
-   corrosive environment;
-   operation in potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. hot refuses, acids and bases, radioactive materials, contaminated refuse, especially fragile loads, explosives);
-   operation on ships.
This document is not applicable to machinery which is manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

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This European Standard specifies the safety requirements for the design, manufacture and information for the safe use of compactors that compact waste material or recyclable fractions (e. g. paper, plastics, textiles, cans, cardboard, mixed waste), hereafter referred to as materials.
This European Standard applies to:
-   compactors using a horizontally moving screw, pendulum or plate as compacting part and where the materials move horizontally; and
-   compactors that are mechanically fed and/or fed by hand.
These compactors can be:
-   static compactors;
-   transportable compactors;
-   traversing systems.
The scope includes:
-   any integral mechanical feed equipment (e.g. bin lift);
-   feed hoppers/openings;
-   any integral pre-conditioning equipment in the hopper (e.g. perforators, pre-crushing devices and shredders);
-   any integral material flow control equipment;
-   the interface between the compactor and any feed equipment (except those excluded from the scope).
The scope of this European Standard does not cover:
-   compactors that are covered by EN 1501 (all parts);
-   underground compactors, however if these compactors can be used above ground this standard applies;
-   compactors using thermal technologies for compaction;
-   vacuum compactors;
-   compactors where materials are compacted vertically;
-   containers for static compactors, however the interface between the compaction unit and the container is included;
-   bins in which materials are collected for feeding into the compactor;
-   any up-stream pre-treatment equipment that is not integral to the machine and is used to treat the materials before they are fed into the feed opening of the compactor;
-   vehicles including lifting equipment used to collect and transport the compactor or container;
-   cranes, lift trucks or other transportable plant used to load materials into the feed hopper/opening and the hazards arising out of using this equipment to load;
-   any suction or dust control equipment.
This European standard does not cover the lifting and transport of transportable compactors.
This European Standard does not apply to hazards arising from the materials being processed (e.g. asbestos, clinical waste, aerosol containers).
All hazards mentioned in Clause 4 are dealt with in this European Standard.
This European Standard is not applicable for compactors which are manufactured before the date of its publication as an EN.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for the design, testing, performance and equipping of road ambulances used for the transport, monitoring, treatment and care of patients. It contains requirements for the patient’s compartment in terms of the working environment, ergonomic design and the safety of the crew and patients.This European Standard does not cover the training of the staff which is the responsibility of the authority/authorities in the country where the ambulance is to be registered.
This European Standard is applicable to road ambulances capable of transporting at least one person on a stretcher and excludes the transportation of hospital beds.
This standard also specifies requirements for ambulances intended to carry transport incubator systems.
The European Standard covers the specific requirements of each type of road ambulance which are
designated according to the patient condition e.g. patient transport road ambulance types A1, A2, B and C.
This European Standard gives general requirements for medical devices carried in road ambulances and used therein and outside hospitals and clinics in situations where the ambient conditions can differ from normal indoor conditions.

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This European Standard determines the demands on design and construction of bulk spreaders, trailer spreaders and towed spreaders with speed related spreading for winter service. At the same time, information is given on the minimum content required for operating manuals.
The standard is valid for machines which are used to spread the following media:
a)   spreading not pre-wetted and pre-wetted thawing media;
b)   abrasive spreading agents;
c)   brine.
The following points are not covered by this standard:
-   requirements for registration and approval;
-   requirements made by automobile manufacturers;
-   requirements on safety - these are dealt with in EN 13021.

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This European Standard gives the possibility to certify a model of vehicle-mounted or (trailer) dragged spreading machines for winter service with standard parameters, leaving the possibility to the manufacturer to evolve in performances. At the same time, information is given on the minimum content required for operating manuals.
This standard is valid for machines which are used to spread the following media:
-   not pre-wetted thawing media (solid thawing media);
-   pre-wetted thawing media;
-   liquid thawing media.
The following points are not covered by this standard:
-   requirements for registration and approval;
-   requirements made by automobile manufacturers;
-   requirements on safety - these are dealt with in EN 13021;
-   requirements on EN 15518-3.

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This document specifies safety requirements applicable to combustion engine powered pedestrian-controlled snow throwers. It is intended to be used with ISO 8437-1 and ISO 8437-4 to achieve the full requirements and means of verification for pedestrian-controlled snow throwers. The ISO 8437 series deals with significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to snow throwers used as intended and under the conditions reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer. It does not apply to the following: — electrically powered and battery powered snow throwers; — hand-held snow throwers; — airport or highway snow removal machines and equipment; — machines intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres. It does not deal with hazards related to the following: — battery circuits exceeding 42 V; — mains connected starting motor; — magneto grounding circuits; — working environment; — electromagnetic compatibility. The ISO 8437 series is not applicable to machines that were manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This document provides additional national and regional requirements applicable to combustion engine powered pedestrian-controlled and ride-on snow throwers. It is intended to be used with ISO 8437-1, ISO 8437-2 and ISO 8437-3 to achieve the full requirements and means for pedestrian-controlled and ride-on snow throwers. The ISO 8437 series deals with significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to snow throwers used as intended and under the conditions reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer. It does not apply to the following: — electrically powered and battery powered snow throwers; — hand-held snow throwers; — airport or highway snow removal machines and equipment; — machines intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres. It does not deal with hazards related to the following: — battery circuits exceeding 42 V; — mains connected starting motor; — magneto grounding circuits; — working environment; — electromagnetic compatibility. The ISO 8437 series is not applicable to machines that were manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This document specifies safety requirements applicable to combustion engine powered ride-on snow throwers. It is intended to be used with ISO 8437-1 and ISO 8437-4 to achieve the full requirements and means for ride-on snow throwers. The ISO 8437 series deals with significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to snow throwers used as intended and under the conditions reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer. It does not apply to the following: — electrically powered and battery powered snow throwers; — hand-held snow throwers; — airport or highway snow removal machines and equipment; — machines intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres. It does not deal with hazards related to the following: — battery circuits exceeding 42 V; — mains connected starting motor; — magneto grounding circuits; — working environment; — electromagnetic compatibility. The ISO 8437 series is not applicable to machines that were manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This document defines terms and definitions and common test methods applicable to combustion engine powered pedestrian-controlled and ride-on snow throwers. It is intended to be used with ISO 8437-2, ISO 8437-3 and ISO 8437-4 to achieve the full requirements and means of verification for pedestrian-controlled and ride-on snow throwers. The ISO 8437 series deals with significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to snow throwers used as intended and under the conditions reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer. It does not apply to the following: — electrically powered and battery powered snow throwers; — hand-held snow throwers; — airport or highway snow removal machines and equipment; — machines intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres. It does not deal with hazards related to the following: — battery circuits exceeding 42 V; — mains connected starting motor; — magneto grounding circuits; — working environment; — electromagnetic compatibility. The ISO 8437 series is not applicable to machines that were manufactured before the date of its

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This European Standard provides a set of CANopen application profile specifications that describes the CleANopen embedded body control network of municipal vehicles, e.g. refuse collecting trucks. It specifies the CANopen communication interfaces and the application functionality of several functional elements (virtual devices).
It does not specify CANopen devices. The CleANopen application profile specifications consist of several parts dealing with the following:
- general definitions;
- functionality of the virtual devices;
- pre defined PDOs and SDOs;
- application objects.

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This European Standard provides a set of CANopen application profile specifications that describes the CleANopen embedded body control network of municipal vehicles, e.g. refuse collecting trucks. It specifies the CANopen communication interfaces and the application functionality of several functional elements (virtual devices).
It does not specify CANopen devices. The CleANopen application profile specifications consist of several parts dealing with the following:
- general definitions;
- functionality of the virtual devices;
- pre defined PDOs and SDOs;
- application objects.

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This European Standard specifies a standardized protocol for downloading data from the equipment control
box to an in-vehicle board computer to ensure interchangeability between a vehicle and different equipment
that the same vehicle can carry.
It specifies the interface connection as well as variables, records and reports which permit standardized
protocol to cover applications with the greatest possible variety of equipment for performing winter
maintenance and road service area maintenance.

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This European Standard defines minimum requirements for the design and performance of stretchers and other patient handling equipment used in road ambulances for the handling and carrying of patients. It aims to ensure patient safety and minimize the physical effort required by staff operating the equipment.

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Same as in EN 15430-1:2007 + A1:2011

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This document defines the classification criteria of the road service area maintenance equipment described in the scope of EN 15436 1 and used for:
-   grass cutting and brush cutting;
-   mechanical plant cutting.
This equipment is mounted on self-propelled carrying vehicles, and is intended, on the one hand, for cutting and shredding grass and brushwood, and, on the other hand, for trimming trees, saplings and bushes in road service areas. This document is intended to be used also in conjunction with FprEN 15436 2.

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This European Standard specifies the accuracy of the performance measurement system of road service area maintenance equipment described in the scope of CEN/TC 337 and used for:
-   grass-cutting and brush-cutting;
-   mechanical plant-cutting.
This equipment is mounted on self-propelled carrying vehicles and is designed to cut and shred grass, brushwood, trees, saplings and bushes in road service areas.
This European Standard does not cover the collection and transportation of shredded grass.

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This European Standard specifies the accuracy of the performance measurement system of road service area maintenance equipment described in the scope of CEN/TC 337 and used for:
-   grass-cutting and brush-cutting;
-   mechanical plant-cutting.
This equipment is mounted on self-propelled carrying vehicles and is designed to cut and shred grass, brushwood, trees, saplings and bushes in road service areas.
This European Standard does not cover the collection and transportation of shredded grass.

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This document defines the classification criteria of the road service area maintenance equipment described in the scope of EN 15436 1 and used for:
-   grass cutting and brush cutting;
-   mechanical plant cutting.
This equipment is mounted on self-propelled carrying vehicles, and is intended, on the one hand, for cutting and shredding grass and brushwood, and, on the other hand, for trimming trees, saplings and bushes in road service areas. This document is intended to be used also in conjunction with FprEN 15436 2.

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This Technical Specification is applicable to graphical symbols for control elements and displays and for markings for fire fighting and rescue service vehicles and equipment.

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This test establishes a method to assess the PM10 and PM2.5 efficiency of road sweepers. PM10 and PM2.5 efficiency includes a sweeper’s ability to:
   Remove and capture PM10 and PM2.5 particulate matter, and coarse size fractions, from typical urban road surfaces;
   Minimize the amount of airborne and entrained PM10 and PM2.5 particulate matter resulting from the sweeping process.
The sweeper’s ability to remove and capture particulate matter and coarse size fractions is assessed using procedures and equipment to determine the amount of a test material (consisting of particulate matter and coarser size fractions) the sweeper is able to remove from a test surface during a controlled test run. This test measurement is used to calculate the removal efficiency for the sweeper.
The sweeper’s ability to minimize the amount of airborne and entrained particulate matter is also assessed using procedures and equipment to determine the airborne concentrations of PM10 and PM2.5 resulting from the sweeping of a test material (consisting of particulate matter and coarser size fractions) during a controlled test run. The test measurements are used to calculate PM10 and PM2.5 emission ratings for the sweeper.
This test allows the use of dust suppression water. Sweepers configured as flushing machines, or equipped with front-mounted spray bars which are not part of a dust suppression water system are not within the scope of this test.
The road sweeper’s performance results are reported in a quantitative numerical format that will allow comparative assessments of similarly classified sweepers. This test does not specify pass/fail criteria for the PM10 and PM2.5 efficiency measurements specified in the test procedure.
This test is applicable to truck mounted, self-propelled, towed and attached sweeping equipment as defined in EN 15429-1, Section 2.
This test is a model/type test, requiring the sweeper being tested to be representative of all factory production of that particular sweeper model.

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This European Standard defines minimum requirements for the design and performance of power assisted stretchers used in road ambulances for the treatment and transportation of patients. It aims to ensure patient safety and minimize the physical effort required by staff operating the equipment.

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This document deals with graphical symbols uniquely used to indicate the function and status of operator controls and tell-tale displays of the specialized equipment.
Common symbols that are included in other standards and applied to a wider range of machines are not included. Typically, symbols in this category that may equally be applied to surface cleaning machines can be found in ISO 2575 and ISO 6405.
This document does not apply to machines or components that are specifically designed for cleaning tramlines and rail tracks. Industrial sweepers, within the scope of EN 60335-2-72 are excluded from this standard.

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This European Standard specifies minimum requirements for the design and performance of heavy duty stretchers used in road ambulances for the treatment and transportation of patients. It aims to ensure patient safety and minimize the physical effort required by staff operating the equipment.

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This European Standard applies to surface cleaning machines for outdoor applications in public areas, roads, airports and industrial complexes. Cleaning machines for winter maintenance and/or indoor applications are not included within the scope of this European Standard. Surface cleaning machines in terms of this standard, are self-propelled, truck mounted, attached sweeping equipment or pedestrian controlled as disclosed in EN 15429-1.
Surface cleaning machines by way of their function, have specialized equipment necessary to perform their task.
This European Standard deals with graphical symbols uniquely used to indicate the function and status of operator controls and tell-tale displays of the specialized equipment.
Common symbols that are included in other standards and applied to a wider range of machines are not included. Typically, symbols in this category that may equally be applied to surface cleaning machines can be found in ISO 2575 Road vehicles – Symbols for controls, indicators and tell-tales, and ISO 6405 Earth moving machinery – Symbols for operator and other displays – Part 1: Common Symbols.
This European Standard does not apply to machines or components that are specifically designed for cleaning tramlines and rail tracks.
Industrial sweepers, within the scope of EN 60335-2-72 are excluded from this European Standard.
This European Standard applies to machines manufactured after the approval date of the standard by CEN.

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This European Standard establishes a method to assess the PM10 and PM2,5 efficiency of road sweepers. PM10 and PM2,5 efficiency includes a sweeper’s ability to:
-   Remove and capture PM10 and PM2,5 particulate matter, and coarse size fractions, from typical urban road surfaces;
-   Minimize the amount of airborne and entrained PM10 and PM2,5 particulate matter resulting from the sweeping process.
The sweeper’s ability to remove and capture particulate matter and coarse size fractions is assessed using procedures and equipment to determine the amount of a test material (consisting of particulate matter and coarser size fractions) the sweeper is able to remove from a test surface during a controlled test run. This test measurement is used to calculate the removal efficiency for the sweeper.
The sweeper’s ability to minimize the amount of airborne and entrained particulate matter is also assessed using procedures and equipment to determine the airborne concentrations of PM10 and PM2,5 resulting from the sweeping of a test material (consisting of particulate matter and coarser size fractions) during a controlled test run. The test measurements are used to calculate PM10 and PM2,5 emission ratings for the sweeper.
This test allows the use of dust suppression water. Sweepers configured as flushing machines, or equipped with front-mounted spray bars which are not part of a dust suppression water system are not within the scope of this test.
The road sweeper’s performance results are reported in a quantitative numerical format that will allow comparative assessments of similarly classified sweepers. This test does not specify pass/fail criteria for the PM10 and PM2,5 efficiency measurements specified in the test procedure.
This test is applicable to truck mounted, self-propelled, towed and attached sweeping equipment as defined in EN 15429-1:2007, Clause 2.
This test is a model/type test, requiring the sweeper being tested to be representative of all factory production of that particular sweeper model.

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EN 13524+A2 applies to machines used for highway maintenance which are attached to or mounted on carrier vehicles and which are defined in clause 3. Directives and standards for the vehicular truck chassis aspect, termed 'carrier vehicle' in this standard, would be those relevant to that equipment, even where specific modifications have been made to adapt the machines for highway maintenance application. The use in public road traffic is governed by the national regulations. This European Standard deals with all significant hazards identified through a risk assessment pertinent to highway maintenance machines, when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see clause 4). This European Standard does not deal with significant hazards associated with deleted text EMC. This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards associated with machine operation, setting and adjustments, load discharge and routine maintenance. This European Standard does not include requirements for the carrier vehicles (e.g. trucks, tractors, construction machines, industrial trucks) as well as their demountable bodywork. These are covered in directives related to the construction of vehicles. Demountable bodywork systems are specified in other standards. This European Standard does not deal with: - walker-operated an hand-held machines; - machines for the maintenance of sports grounds; - machines for agriculture, horticulture and forestry; - winter-service machines; - street-cleansing machines, except sweepers #deleted text; - earth-moving machinery; - pit and sewer cleaning vehicles/-machines; - lifting platforms; - refuse-collecting vehicles; - bridge-inspection equipment; - loading cranes; A machine which is a combination of several parts with different uses should conform to all the standards referring to the corresponding parts of the machine. This European Standard does not deal with the risks associated with the operation of machines in potentially explosive atmospheres. This standard applies to machines manufactured after the date of approval of this standard through CEN.

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This European Standard applies to machines used for highway maintenance which are attached to or mounted on carrier vehicles and which are defined in clause 3. Directives and standards for the vehicular truck chassis aspect, termed 'carrier vehicle' in this standard, would be those relevant to that equipment, even where specific modifications have been made to adapt the machines for highway maintenance application. The use in public road traffic is governed by the national regulations.
This European Standard deals with all significant hazards identified through a risk assessment pertinent to highway maintenance machines, when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see clause 4). This European Standard does not deal with significant hazards associated with !deleted text" EMC. This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards associated with machine operation, setting and adjustments, load discharge and routine maintenance.
This European Standard does not include requirements for the carrier vehicles (e.g. trucks, tractors, construction machines, industrial trucks) as well as their demountable bodywork. These are covered in directives related to the construction of vehicles. Demountable bodywork systems are specified in other standards.
This European Standard does not deal with:
-   walker-operated an hand-held machines;
-   machines for the maintenance of sports grounds;
-   machines for agriculture, horticulture and forestry;
-   winter-service machines;
-   street-cleansing machines, except sweepers #deleted text$;
-   earth-moving machinery;
-   pit and sewer cleaning vehicles/-machines;
-   lifting platforms;
-   refuse-collecting vehicles;
-   bridge-inspection equipment;
-   loading cranes;
-   wood-choppers (bush wood choppers).
A machine which is a combination of several parts with different uses should conform to all the standards referring to the corresponding parts of the machine.
This European Standard does not deal with the risks associated with the operation of machines in potentially explosive atmospheres.
This standard applies to machines manufactured after the date of approval of this standard through CEN.

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This Technical Report proposes a standardized interface between the chassis-cab and the bodywork of refuse collection vehicles. The solution, initially for vehicles with hard wired interface and CAN interface, is developed into full CAN communication between the bodywork and the chassis-cab.

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This European Standard applies to power systems equipped for operation and to drive implements and attachments such as hydraulic driven front sweepers, mowers or suction sweepers on winter service vehicles or road service vehicles equipped with front-mounting plates according to EN 15432-1. The purpose of this standard is to ensure interchangeability of vehicles and implements. The minimum requirements on the performance and the components of the hydraulic system, as well as the kind and the size of the connecting elements between the vehicle and the implement, are specified in the standard. Clause 3 of this standard does not cover applications where the implements need a continuous hydraulic oil flow less than 45 l/ min. Clause 4 is dealing with the electrical connection between vehicle and implement to drive an electrically driven hydraulic pump, used in trucks without hydraulic systems. Clause 5 is dealing with a universal electrical connection used for front mounted mowers, spreaders and other road service area equipment with the following functions: power supply and transmitting CAN BUS signals.

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This Technical Report proposes a standardized interface between the chassis-cab and the bodywork of refuse collection vehicles. The solution, initially for vehicles with hard wired interface and CAN interface, is developed into full CAN communication between the bodywork and the chassis-cab.

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This part of this European Standard specifies the minimum requirements for safety and performance of some optional specific permanently installed equipment on firefighting and rescue service vehicles, operated by trained persons, as designated in EN 1846-1 and specified in EN 1846-2. The permanently installed equipment covered by this Part of this European Standard is given below: - water installation; - liquid additive installation; - monitor; - equipment gantries; - demountable systems using a hydraulic hook arm. This part of this European Standard should be read in conjunction with any national regulations in force for vehicles using the public roads and with any EU Directives and associated EFTA regulations in force relevant to vehicles and their equipment. For the purposes of this European Standard, the normal ambient temperature range is - 15 °C to + 35 °C. For equipment to be used at temperature outside this temperature range, the particular temperature range should be specified by the user and the manufacturer should determine by a risk assessment any need for additional precautions.

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This European Standard specifies the common requirements for safety and the (minimum) common performance requirements of firefighting and rescue service vehicles as designated in EN 1846-1. When drafting this European Standard it has been assumed that the finished standard automotive chassis (or the chassis designed in accordance with the same principles) that is the basis for the firefighting or rescue vehicle, offers an acceptable safety level for its basic transport functions within the limits specified by the manufacturer. Therefore, this European Standard does not formulate requirements for this chassis. This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to firefighting and rescue service vehicles, when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4). Complementary specific requirements for aerial appliances are the subject of the following European Standards: - EN 1777: Hydraulic platforms (HPs) for fire fighting and rescue services, - EN 14043: Turntable ladders with combined movements, - EN 14044: Turntable ladders with sequential movements. These specific requirements may supplement or modify the requirements of this document and they take precedence over the corresponding requirements of this document.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements for elements mounted to carrying vehicles to ensure interchangeability between a vehicle and different equipments that are to be mounted frontally. It specifies certain interchangeability dimensions of the front mounting plate as well as the locations of coupling devices for electrical and hydraulic connections. This European Standard specifies a mounting plate in order to cover road vehicles having a maximum total mass of up to 6,0 tons (commercial vehicles, multi-purpose vehicles, communal vehicles, …) which are capable of carrying front-mounted equipments for winter maintenance and for road service area maintenance. The mounting plate is designed to allow quick and easy changing of carrying vehicle equipments. Mounting or demounting of front-mounted equipments is generally effectuated by one person using conventional tools (mobile or fixed) prior to securing of the front-mounted equipment (by e.g. bolts or hydraulic element). This European Standard does not specify vehicle-side lifting systems or receiving devices for mounting plate (device side). The vehicle body guidelines from the vehicle manufacturer should be adhered to when performing any modifications to the vehicle. This European Standard specifies, with regard to electrical and hydraulic connections, only location areas and clearance spaces in order to ensure interchangeability.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements for elements mounted to carrying vehicles to ensure interchangeability between a vehicle and different equipments that are to be mounted frontally. It specifies certain interchangeability dimensions of the front mounting plate as well as the locations of coupling devices for electrical and hydraulic connections.
This European Standard specifies a mounting plate in order to cover road vehicles having a maximum total mass of up to 6,0 tons (commercial vehicles, multi purpose vehicles, communal vehicles, …) which are capable of carrying front mounted equipments for winter maintenance and for road service area maintenance. The mounting plate is designed to allow quick and easy changing of carrying vehicle equipments. Mounting or demounting of front-mounted equipments is generally effectuated by one person using conventional tools (mobile or fixed) prior to securing of the front-mounted equipment (by e.g. bolts or hydraulic element).
This European Standard does not specify vehicle-side lifting systems or receiving devices for mounting plate (device side).
The vehicle body guidelines from the vehicle manufacturer should be adhered to when performing any modifications to the vehicle.
This European Standard specifies, with regard to electrical and hydraulic connections, only location areas and clearance spaces in order to ensure interchangeability.

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This European Standard applies to power systems equipped for operation and to drive implements and attachments such as hydraulic driven front sweepers, mowers or suction sweepers on winter service vehicles or road service vehicles equipped with front-mounting plates according to EN 15432.
The purpose of this standard is to ensure interchangeability of vehicles and implements. The minimum requirements on the performance and the components of the hydraulic system, as well as the kind and the size of the connecting elements between the vehicle and the implement, are specified in the standard.
Clause 3 of this standard does not cover applications where the implements need a continuous hydraulic oil flow less than 45 l/ min.
Clause 4 is dealing with the electrical connection between vehicle and implement to drive an electrically driven hydraulic pump, used in trucks without hydraulic systems.
Clause 5 is dealing with a universal electrical connection used for front mounted mowers, spreaders and other road service area equipment with the following functions: power supply and transmitting CAN BUS signals.

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This European Standard applies to surface cleaning machines for outdoor applications in public areas, roads, airports and industrial complexes. Cleaning machines for winter maintenance and/or indoor applications are not included within the scope of this European Standard. Surface cleaning machines in terms of this standard, are self-propelled, truck mounted, attached sweeping equipment or pedestrian controlled. This European Standard deals with the performance and functional characteristics and the test methods applied to the sweeping equipment when used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. This European Standard does not include carrier vehicles (e.g. trucks). These are covered in national or EU Directives for vehicles. This European Standard does not apply to road surface cleaning equipment that would be front mounted on tractors according to EN 13524, or other vehicles. This European Standard does not apply to machines or components that are specifically designed for cleaning tramlines and rail tracks. This European Standard does not cover noise emission or any overload protection as these are covered by regulatory requirements. Industrial sweepers, within the scope of EN 60335-2-72 are excluded from this standard.

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This document applies to surface cleaning machines for outdoor applications in public areas, roads, airports and industrial complexes. Cleaning machines for winter maintenance and/or indoor applications are not included within the scope of this European Standard. Surface cleaning machines in terms of this standard, are self-propelled, truck mounted, attached sweeping equipment or pedestrian controlled.
This standard deals with the performance and functional characteristics and the test methods applied to the sweeping equipment when used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer.
This document does not include carrier vehicles (e.g. trucks). These are covered in national or EU Directives for vehicles.
This document does not apply to road surface cleaning equipment that would be front mounted on tractors according to EN 13524, or other vehicles.
This standard does not apply to machines or components that are specifically designed for cleaning tramlines and rail tracks.
This standard does not cover noise emission or any overload protection as these are covered by regulatory requirements.
Industrial sweepers, within the scope of EN 60335-2-72 are excluded from this standard.

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This European Standard specifies the minimum requirements for the design and performance of stretcher supports that are installed in road ambulances to hold the main stretcher or incubator systems in accordance with EN 1865-1, EN 1865-2 and EN 13976-2 to ensure patient and operators safety and to minimise the physical effort required by staff operating the equipment. In this European Standard reference is made to EN 1789.

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This European Standard defines the minimum requirements for the design and performance of foldable patient transfer chairs, which are used for the conveyance of patients to and/or from road ambulances. It aims to ensure patient safety and to minimize the physical effort required by staff operating the equipment.

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This European Standard specifies the safety requirements and the test methods for single-track two-wheel motor vehicles, driven by a rider sitting astride. This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to single-track two-wheel motor vehicles propelled by a spark ignited internal combustion engine (hereinafter referred to as "vehicles"), when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.
The vehicles covered by this European Standard are not intended to be used on public roads.
The vehicles covered by this European Standard are intended only for the rider and not for passengers.
This European Standard does not cover vehicles propelled with gaseous fuels.
This European Standard specifies the appropriate measures to eliminate or reduce the risks arising from the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events (see Clause 4) during commissioning, operation and maintenance of the vehicles when carried out in accordance with the specifications as intended by the manufacturer.
This European Standard is not applicable to vehicles which are manufactured before the date of publication of this European Standard by CEN.

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This document is valid for snow ploughs designed to be fitted to winter maintenance vehicles on their frontmounting
plates according to EN 15432 and also for side-mounted snow ploughs.
Requirements regarding the testing of override security systems and/or bump security systems of frontmounted
or side-mounted snow ploughs for winter service are determined by this document. This document is
meant to assess the demands made on snow ploughs operated in traffic.
The document is valid for:
- single-side snow ploughs;
- variable V-ploughs;
The following points are not standardized by this document:
- V-shaped snow ploughs;
- requirements for registration and approval;
- requirements made by carrier vehicle manufacturers;
- requirements on safety – these are dealt with in EN 13021.

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This document is valid for snow ploughs designed to be fitted to winter maintenance vehicles on their front-mounting plates according to EN 15432 and also for side-mounted snow ploughs.
Requirements regarding the testing of override security systems and/or bump security systems of front-mounted or side-mounted snow ploughs for winter service are determined by this document. This document is meant to assess the demands made on snow ploughs operated in traffic.
The document is valid for:
-   single-side snow ploughs;
-   variable V-ploughs.
The following points are not standardized by this document:
-   V-shaped snow ploughs;
-   requirements for registration and approval;
-   requirements made by carrier vehicle manufacturers;
-   requirements on safety – these are dealt with in EN 13021.

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This European standard specifies requirements for snow removal machines with rotating tools for winter application on traffic areas. It is valid for design and construction. It also includes the minimum requirement concerning contents of the operating instructions.
This standard applies to:
- snow blower;
- snow cutter;
- snow cutter - blower;
and related products as side blower, side cutter, etc.
This standard does not apply for:
- requirements for registration and approval;
- vehicle manufacturer requirements;
- safety requirements.

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