This part of EN 16432 specifies the methods for the implementation of ballastless track system designs and the criteria for the acceptance of works concerning construction of ballastless track systems. It does not include any criteria for inspecting, maintaining, repairing and replacing ballastless track systems during operation.

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The objective of this document is to provide an overview of the SCCs requirements captured from the current legislation and the actors involved in their fulfilment.
In addition, this document aims to promote a common understanding of those requirements together with practical arrangements to fulfil them in a proper way and giving guidance for the SCCs identification and management.
The objective of the document is neither to produce an applicable list of SCCs nor to provide for examples of SCCs.
This document is applicable to vehicles only. The definition of "vehicle" is as in Art. 3(21) of the Safety Directive [3].

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This document applies to elastomer-mechanical parts, as defined in ISO 22749-1. This document specifies: —   approval procedure to be implemented by the customer; —   guidelines for qualification of the product with specified requirements; —   quality monitoring of rubber and rubber to metal parts in manufacture. This document does not apply to: —   rubber diaphragms for pneumatic suspension springs; —   elastic parts of buffing and drawgear springs; —   diaphragms, bellows and seals; —   hoses and tubings; —   transmission belts.

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This document defines the classification, technical requirements, and markings for the following bodyside windows: standard windows: standard fixed windows; standard movable windows; emergency windows: emergency escape windows; emergency access windows. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â Â In certain situations, emergency escape windows and emergency access windows are the same window. This document applies to bodyside windows constructed from glazing materials only. This document sets out requirements that apply to the glazing with its associated mounting arrangement. This document applies to all windows mounted to the side of all types of railway vehicles, including heavy and urban rail vehicles. This includes windows mounted on the side of saloons, restaurant/buffet cars, vestibules, toilets, driving cabs, crew compartments and technical rooms. This document does not apply to on-track machines.

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IEC 61375-2-8:2021 applies to all equipment and devices implemented according to IEC 61375-2-3:2015, IEC 61375-2-5:2014 and IEC 61375-3-4:2014, i.e. it covers the procedures to be applied to such equipment and devices when the conformance should be proven. The applicability of this document to a TCN implementation allows for individual conformance checking of the implementation itself, and is a pre-requisite for further interoperability checking between different TCN implementations.

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This document establishes definitions and evaluation methods for wheel-rail contact geometry parameters influencing the vehicle running dynamic behaviour:
-   the rolling radius difference between the two wheels of a wheelset (Δr-function) which serves as a basis for all further calculations;
-   the equivalent conicity function from which are derived:
-   a single equivalent conicity value for a specified amplitude which is relevant for the assessment of vehicle running stability on straight track and in very large radius curves according to EN 14363;
-   the nonlinearity parameter which characterizes the shape of this function and is related to the vehicle behaviour particularly in the speed range close to the running stability limit;
-   the rolling radii coefficient which is used to describe the theoretical radial steering capability of a wheelset in a curved track.
Additional information is given about the relationship between the contact angles of the two wheels of a wheelset (Δtanγ-function) and about the roll angle parameter.
NOTE   Out of the presented parameters only those related to the contact angle are relevant for independently rotating wheels of wheel pairs.
Descriptions of possible calculation methods are included in this document. Test case calculations are provided to achieve comparable results and to check the proper implementation of the described algorithms.
To validate alternative methods not described in this document acceptance criteria are given for the equivalent conicity function. This includes reference profiles, profile combinations, tolerances and reference results with tolerance limits.
This document also includes minimum requirements for the measurement of wheel and rail profiles as well as of the parameters needed for the transformation into a common coordinate system of right- and left-hand profiles.
This document does not define limits for the wheel-rail contact geometry parameters and gives no tolerances for the rail profile and the wheel profile to achieve acceptable results.
For the application of this document some general recommendations are given.

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This document specifies requirements for the shore supply system for auxiliaries and pre-conditioning and the related intermateable connector pairs. This standard specifies the characteristics of the connectors in order to achieve interoperability at the rolling-stock/shore power supply interface.
This document does not apply to shore supplies to move the rolling stock.

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This document specifies the measurement method and conditions to obtain reproducible noise levels
on-board all kinds of vehicles operating on rails or other types of fixed track, hereinafter conventionally
called “unit”, except for track maintenance vehicles in working modes.
This document is applicable to type testing. It does not include all the instructions to carry out
monitoring testing or evaluation of noise exposure of passengers or drivers over a whole journey.
This document is not applicable to guided buses.
It provides measurement procedures for vehicle interior noise (in general, a vehicle type test is carried
out using only a selected subset of these tests):
— when the vehicle is moving at constant speed;
— when the vehicle is stationary;
— when the vehicle is accelerating or decelerating;
— in the driver's cab when an external warning horn is sounding (specifically required for European
Union regulation application)
It does not provide measurement procedures for:
— audibility or intelligibility of any audible signals;
— assessment of warning devices other than warning horns.
The assessment of noise exposure of train crew due to operational conditions is not in the scope of this
document.
The results can be used, for example:
— to characterise the noise inside these units;
— to compare the internal noise of various units on a particular track section;
— to collect basic source data for units.
The test procedures specified in this document are of engineering grade (grade 2), the preferred grade
for noise declaration purposes as defined in ISO 12001. If test conditions are relaxed, for example as
they are for monitoring of in-service trains, then the results are no longer of engineering grade.
The procedures specified for accelerating and decelerating tests are of survey grade (grade 3).

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This document applies to elastomer-mechanical parts designed to be fitted on railway vehicles and similar vehicles running on dedicated tracks with permanent guide systems, whatever the type of rail and the running surface. Typical applications of the elastomer-mechanical parts include: —   vehicle suspension systems; —   equipment mounting systems; —   joints (e.g. end-mountings of dampers, rubber-based bearings, elastomer-mechanical parts used on mechanical couplings); —   limit stops. These parts can be: —   made entirely of elastomer, operating on their own or in combination with other elastic parts; —   made up of elastomer and other materials, adherent together or not. This document specifies characteristics that rubber and rubber to metal parts are to achieve, together with applicable inspection and test methods to be carried out for verification. This document does not apply to: —   rubber diaphragms for pneumatic suspension springs; —   elastic parts of buffing and drawgear springs; —   diaphragms, bellows and seals; —   hoses and tubings; —   transmission belts.

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This document specifies the measurement method and conditions to obtain reproducible noise levels on-board all kinds of vehicles operating on rails or other types of fixed track, hereinafter conventionally called “unit”, except for track maintenance vehicles in working modes. This document is applicable to type testing. It does not include all the instructions to carry out monitoring testing or evaluation of noise exposure of passengers or drivers over a whole journey. This document is not applicable to guided buses. It provides measurement procedures for vehicle interior noise (in general, a vehicle type test is carried out using only a selected subset of these tests): —   when the vehicle is moving at constant speed; —   when the vehicle is stationary; —   when the vehicle is accelerating or decelerating; —   in the driver's cab when an external warning horn is sounding (specifically required for European Union regulation application) It does not provide measurement procedures for: —   audibility or intelligibility of any audible signals; —   assessment of warning devices other than warning horns. The assessment of noise exposure of train crew due to operational conditions is not in the scope of this document. The results can be used, for example: —   to characterise the noise inside these units; —   to compare the internal noise of various units on a particular track section; —   to collect basic source data for units. The test procedures specified in this document are of engineering grade (grade 2), the preferred grade for noise declaration purposes as defined in ISO 12001. If test conditions are relaxed, for example as they are for monitoring of in-service trains, then the results are no longer of engineering grade. The procedures specified for accelerating and decelerating tests are of survey grade (grade 3).

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This document defines the external front and rear visibility conditions for cabs of tram vehicles and the associated assessment method.
The requirements of this document apply to vehicles operating on tram networks.
This document does not apply to refurbishment of existing vehicles.
This document does not apply to driver's auxiliary cabs.

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This document applies to all electronic equipment for control, regulation, protection, diagnostic, energy
supply, etc. installed on rail vehicles.
For the purpose of this document, electronic equipment is defined as equipment composed of electronic
components (e.g. resistors, capacitors, transistors, diodes, integrated circuits, hybrids, application
specific integrated circuits, wound components and relays), and recognized associated components
(e.g. connectors, mechanical parts). These components are mainly mounted on printed circuit boards.
Sensors (e.g. current, voltage, speed) and semiconductor drive units for power electronic devices are
covered by this standard. Complete semiconductor drive units and power converters are covered by
EN 61287-1.
This document covers the requirements for operating conditions, design, documentation, testing and
integration of electronic equipment, as well as hardware and software requirements considered
necessary for compliant and reliable equipment.
Specific requirements related to practices necessary to ensure defined safety integrity level or functional
safety are not covered by this document. Nevertheless, this document applies to the hardware of all
rolling stock electronic equipment or systems performing safety-related functions.
The software requirements for on-board railway equipment are specified by EN 50657.

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The document specifies the tests for the current collectors to enable current collection from the third or fourth rail system as well as associated fuses and short circuit devices. It also specifies the general assembly characteristics to be applied to current collectors. This document is applicable to all types of vehicles with third or fourth rail current collectors. This document does not apply to roof mounted pantographs.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for the design, construction and operation of platform barrier systems positioned at the edge of a station platform immediately adjacent to rail or other guided vehicles in stations and boarding points for passenger services and includes:
- requirements for the fixed structure and fixed parts along the platform;
- physical requirements for the movable doors and gates normally used by passengers;
- requirements for emergency doors;
- requirements for driver access doors;
- requirements for platform extremity doors;
- requirements for management of safety risks that are particular to barrier systems.
This European Standard also gives requirements for the integration of barriers with the overall rail system including:
- synchronization of vehicle and platform barrier doors or gates;
- audible and visible alerts;
- integrity of control systems;
- testing of the barrier installation;
- operational performance;
- requirements relating to other interfacing sub-systems, notably signalling and vehicles.
For barrier systems set back from the platform edge, which are used to control access to trains or for crowd management, relevant sections of the document can be used as guidance.
This European Standard applies to all actors involved in the implementation and system integration of a platform barrier system, including infrastructure owners, designers, installers and operators.
This European Standard does not cover barrier systems using bars, ropes, etc. or which operate in a vertical direction.  
This European Standard applies to light rail services, e.g. metro and tramway systems and heavy rail services as requested by a project specification. It applies to small systems, working in conjunction with a single vehicle, or with larger systems working with a complete train.
This European Standard applies to platform barrier systems used at sub-surface stations, enclosed surface stations (e.g. those enclosed for the purposes of providing an air-conditioned environment for waiting passengers), and those fully in the open-air.
This European Standard does not cover normative requirements relating to fire performance or fire requirements arising from use of platform barrier systems as fire barriers.

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This document specifies the minimum requirements for ergonomic and structural integrity of steps and handrails used together to give staff access to freight wagons. It does not cover ladders, top platforms and top gangways.
It defines in particular the required spaces necessary for shunter handrails, for shunter’s stand, for steps and handrails.
This document also defines their dimensions, positions, limits for durability and functionality.
It also defines the general requirements for the access to tail lights for freight wagons.

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This document specifies the laboratory test procedure for determining the clamping force exerted by the fastening system on the foot of the rail by measuring the force to separate the rail foot from its immediate support. When required, the procedure is also used to determine the uplift stiffness of the fastening system. It is applicable to systems with and without baseplates on all types of sleepers, bearers or elements of ballastless track. The test does not determine the security of the fastening components fixed into the sleeper or other fastening system support. This test procedure applies to a complete fastening assembly. It is not applicable to fastening systems for embedded rail or other fastening systems which do not act on the foot of the rail.

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This document specifies requirements concerning the approval and/or homologation of welding processes, contractors, welders, inspectors and acceptance of welded joints in the factory and/or track. This document is applicable to the following rail welding processes: flash butt welding (FBW); gas pressure welding (GPW); aluminothermic welding (ATW); enclosed arc welding (EAW). In this document, 43Â kg/m to 75Â kg/m new flat-bottomed rails of the same profiles and same steel grades are used as the subject of welding. This document does not specify requirements or test methods specific to each welding process. These are to be prescribed in the subsequent parts of the ISOÂ 23300 series. Concerning butt welding, this document is restricted to connecting rail ends. This document does not cover the welding for construction of crossings, railway switches, signal bond installation or restoration of rails. This document does not cover any safety regulations for welding operations. In this document, the qualifications of individuals and organizations that are approved by the railway authority for rail welding are not specified.

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This document provides to the railway operators, system integrators and product suppliers, with guidance and specifications  on how cybersecurity will be managed in the context of the EN 50126-1 RAMS lifecycle process. This document aims at the implementation of a consistent approach to the management of the security of the railway systems. This document can also be applied to the security assurance of systems and components/equipment developed independently of EN 50126.
This document applies to Communications, Signalling and Processing domain, to Rolling Stock and to Fixed Installations domains. It provides references to models and concepts from which requirements and recommendations can be derived and that are suitable to ensure that the residual risk from security threats is identified, supervised and managed to an acceptable level by the railway system duty holder. It presents the underlying security assumptions in a structured manner.
This document does not address functional safety requirements for railway systems but rather additional requirements arising from threats and related security vulnerabilities and for which specific measures and activities need to be taken and managed throughout the lifecycle. The aim of this technical specification is to ensure that the RAMS characteristics of railway systems / subsystems / equipment cannot be reduced, lost or compromised in the case of intentional attacks.
The security models, the concepts and the risk assessment process described in this document are based on or derived from IEC 62443 series standards. In particular, this document is consistent with the application of security management requirements contained within the IEC 62443-2-1 and which are based on EN ISO 27001 and EN ISO 27002

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This European Standard specifies the principles and methods for a rig performance test of the system of axlebox rolling bearing(s), housing, seal(s) and grease. Test parameters and minimum performance requirements for vehicles in operation on main lines are specified. Different test parameters and performance requirements may be selected for vehicles in operation on other networks (e.g. urban rail). This standard is historically developed for outboard applications but can be used for vehicles with other bearing arrangements (e.g.: inboard application or single wheels).
It gives some possible examples where a "sequenced performance test" addresses the broad range of different service conditions within a specific application or vehicle platform into account.
It describes in detail the water tightness test and basic principles and minimum requirements for a field test.
This European Standard only applies to axleboxes equipped with rolling bearings and greases according to EN 12080 and EN 12081.

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This document provides requirements for electrical safety for:
-   dead working on an overhead contact line system;
-   working activities near an overhead contact line system when it is live.
It applies to all work activities in relation to electrical hazards only.
This document is applicable to overhead contact line systems with the following nominal voltages:
-   1,5 kV and 3 kV dc;
-   15 kV, 2x15 kV, 25 kV and 2x25 kV ac.
It also provides requirements for work activities that can give rise to electrical hazards from the return circuit.
This document does not cover electrical risk arising from:
-   live working on overhead contact line systems (live working can be carried out according to national requirements and practices);
-   working on or near other electrical sources.
If there are no other rules or procedures, this document could be applied to overhead contact line systems with other nominal voltages.

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The scope of this document is to guide users of the EN 45545 series, particularly EN 45545 2:2013+A1:2015 and EN 45545 5:2013+A1:2015, in the application of these standards in designing and assessing NiCd batteries on board trains for their fire protection measures.
The scope of this document excludes any new requirements, considering only the requirements stated by the above listed standards.
However, EN 45545 being generic requirements and not specifically referred to NiCd batteries, this guide helps the application for those batteries.

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This document specifies a laboratory test procedure for determining the electrical resistance, in wet conditions, between the running rails provided by a fastening system fitted to a steel or concrete sleeper, bearer or element of ballastless track. It is also applicable to embedded rail. This test procedure applies to a complete fastening assembly. It is relevant to signalling currents, not to traction currents. A reference procedure and an alternative procedure are included.

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This European Standard specifies basic requirements for the braking of trains hauled by locomotives:
-   For trains hauled by locomotives and intended for use in general operation each vehicle is fitted with the traditional brake system with a brake pipe compatible with the UIC brake system.
NOTE   This ensures technical compatibility of the brake function between vehicles of various origins in a train (see 5.4).
-   For trains hauled by locomotives and intended for use in fixed or predefined formation, the requirements on the vehicle and the train are necessary. In the case of a UIC brake system, this standard applies; if not, the EN 16185 series or the EN 15734 series applies.
If concerned, the UIC brake architecture described in this standard (see 5.4) can be used for brakes for multiple unit train and high speed trains and urban rail described in the EN 13452 series, the EN 16185 series and the EN 15734 series.
This European Standard also takes into account electrical and electronic control functions and additional brake systems like dynamic brakes and adhesion independent brakes.
The brake system requirements, which are specific for on-track machines are set out in EN 14033 1.
This European Standard does not apply to Urban Rail rolling stock braking system, which is specified by EN 13452 1.

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This document discusses:
-   economic aspects of ballast projection;
-   comparison of methods in France and Spain for rolling stock;
-   infrastructure assessment methods;
-   review of available literature;
-   next steps and recommendations regarding standardization and research.

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This European Standard describes a process to demonstrate compatibility between Rolling Stock (RST) and Train Detection Systems (TDS) for specific routes. It references the methods of measurement of interference currents and magnetic fields, the methods of measurement of the susceptibility of train detection systems and the characterization of traction power supplies. The process described in this standard is equally applicable to mainline, lightrail and metro type railways.
The basic parameters of compatibility for mainline railways are covered by the ERA Interface document (ERA/ERTMS/033281).
It should be noted that the demonstration of compatibility between the rolling stock and infrastructure with respect to physical dimensions is not detailed in this standard.
Under the Interoperability Directive, two stages of compatibility are defined. The first stage is for authorization for putting into service against generic limits, and the second stage - for putting into use, when specific limits for compatibility with TDS are addressed which are outside the general limits or non interoperable TDS are installed on the line over which the RST will run.
Compatibility requirements for non-mainline or isolated light rail/metro type lines are addressed in one stage of authorization.
This European Standard is not generally applicable to those combinations of rolling stock, traction power supply and train detection system which were accepted as compatible prior to the issue of this European Standard. However, as far as is reasonably practicable, this European Standard may be applied to modifications of rolling stock, traction power supply or train detection systems which may affect compatibility.

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This standard specifies functional requirements for non-UGTMS signalling and control systems in the field of urban rail systems which are along off-street alignment and which operate to “line of sight” or automatic block signalling with intermittent train control.
The standard is restricted to Functional Requirements to which allow users to define more specific requirements based on the given frame of the system requirements at top level. This standard is not applicable to command and control systems for urban rail using continuous data transmission and continuous supervision of train movements by train protection profile already covered by IEC 62290 (UGTMS).

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This document specifies the method to be followed to achieve a satisfactory design of bogie frames and includes design procedures, assessment methods, verification and manufacturing quality requirements. It is limited to the structural requirements of bogie frames including bolsters and axlebox housings. For the purpose of this document, these terms are taken to include all functional attachments, e.g. damper brackets.

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This document applies to pneumatic half couplings designed to couple either the brake pipes or main reservoir pipes of railway vehicles, without taking the type of vehicles and track-gauge into consideration.
This document gives the requirements for the design, dimensions, testing and quality assurance of pneumatic half couplings.

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This Technical Specification specifies the requirements of adhesion materials intended to be applied to the interface between the wheel tread and the rail crown (active interface). The specified adhesion materials can be applied either directly or indirectly to the wheel tread or rail.
It outlines the information required for most approval procedures, the method of testing and routine control/monitoring of the material.
This Technical Specification does not deal with Top of Rail materials.
NOTE   Requirements for Top of Rail materials are specified in CEN/TS 15427-2-2.

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This document is limited to specifying the requirements when applying adhesion material to the interface between the wheel tread and the crown of the rail, and includes both trainborne and trackside solutions. This standard only covers the equipment and application of adhesion material to the active interface.
This document defines:
- the characteristics that systems of adhesion materials of the wheel/rail interface shall achieve, together with applicable inspection and test methods to be carried out for verification;
- all relevant terminology which is specific to the adhesion materials of the wheel/rail interface.
This document only applies to the mainline railway.
NOTE 1   This document can also be used for other railways, e.g urban rail.
NOTE 2   Although technologies used to influence the wheel/ rail interface, other than the application of a material, are out of scope of this document, it can be used as guidance.

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This document specifies a laboratory test procedure for finding the effect of exposure to severe environmental conditions on the fastening system. This test procedure applies to a complete fastening assembly including embedded rail with mechanical fastenings. It is not applicable to embedded rail systems relying on adhesive components to secure the rail.

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This document specifies the laboratory test procedure to determine: a) the maximum longitudinal force that can be applied to a rail, secured to a sleeper, bearer or element of ballastless track by a rail fastening assembly, without non-elastic displacement of the rail occurring, or the longitudinal stiffness at a specified longitudinal displacement of a specimen of embedded rail with an adhesive fastening system, and for any type of fastening; b) the shear displacement and slip data required for track-bridge interaction calculations.

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This document specifies a test procedure to confirm that the force necessary to pull the anchorage of a rail fastening assembly out of the sleeper or other supporting element is greater than a prescribed value (i.e. it is a "proof load" test). This test is for components of the fastening system which are: a) cast into concrete during the manufacture of sleepers or other supporting elements; b) glued into the cast or drilled holes in concrete; or c) screwed or otherwise attached to wood, polymeric composite or steel sleepers or other supporting elements. This test is not applicable to embedded rails.

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2021-01-13, JE: TC - Correction of text: 1st sentence of 8.3.3.3.1, 2nd sentence of 8.3.3.3.2 and 2nd sentence of 8.3.3.3

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This document applies variable load sensing devices designated to continuously sense the load of a railway vehicle and provide a signal that can be used by a relay valve for the automatic variation of the air pressure used for brake applications, thereby adjusting the brake force accordingly to achieve the required brake performance.
This document specifies the requirements for the design, dimensions, manufacture and testing of automatic variable load sensing devices.

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This document is applicable to empty-loaded changeover devices designed to automatically sense when the load of a railway vehicle reaches a defined value (changeover mass), which represents the point at which the vehicle is classed as “loaded” and thereby requires the brake force to be adjusted accordingly to achieve the required brake performance. This document also covers manually operated empty-loaded changeover devices and the associated changeover plates.
This document specifies the requirements for the design, dimensions, manufacture and testing of empty-loaded changeover devices.

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This Technical Specification specifies the requirements of materials intended to be applied to the interface between the wheel tread and the rail crown (active interface). It can be applied either directly or indirectly to the wheel tread or rail.
It outlines the information required for most approval procedures, the method of testing and routine control/monitoring of the material.
This Technical Specification does not deal with adhesion materials, for example:
- sand
- adhesion enhancers

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This European standard specifies the requirements when applying material to the active interface between the wheel tread and the crown of the rail and includes trainborne and track side equipment.
This technical specification only covers the equipment and application of material to the active interface.
This document defines:
- the characteristics that systems of top of rail equipment for wheel-rail interface shall achieve, together with applicable inspection and test methods to be carried out for verification;
- all relevant terminology which is specific to the application of top of rail materials of the wheel-rail interface.
This document only applies to the mainline railway
NOTE   This document can also be used for other railways, e. g urban rail’

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IEC 62973-4:2021 applies to secondary sealed nickel-metal hydride battery technologies for auxiliary power supply systems used on rolling stock.
This document specifies the requirements of the characteristics and tests for the sealed nickel-metal hydride cells and supplements IEC 62973-1 which applies to any rolling stock types (e.g. light rail vehicles, tramways, streetcars, metros, commuter trains, regional trains, high speed trains, locomotives, etc.). Unless otherwise specified, the requirements of IEC 62973-1 apply. This document also specifies the requirements of the interface between the batteries and the battery chargers. This document is to be used in conjunction with IEC 62675, IEC 63115-1 and IEC 63115-2.

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1.1   General
This document deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self-propelled road-rail machines, as defined in FprEN 15746-1:2019, 3.1, henceforward referred to as machines, when designed and intended for running on European railways within the scope of European Directive 2007/58/EC.
The running mode is an option designed by the manufacturer which permits the use of the machine on a specified railway infrastructure without the need for special operational rules.
NOTE 1   The use of special track safety equipment (i.e. part of automatic train protection systems) does not necessarily mean that the machine has a running mode; some Infrastructure Managers use such equipment as means of protection for machines in travelling and/or working modes.
NOTE 2   This document is written for 1 435 mm nominal track gauge, special requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines.
Urban rail and railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and wheels are not included in this document.
This document does not apply to the following:
-   the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the Infrastructure Manager;
-   travelling and working both on and off rails;
-   running on urban rail.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
1.2   Validity of this document
This document applies to all machines which are within the scope of the Commission Regulation (EU) No 1302/2014 for locomotives and passenger rolling stock.

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1.1   General
This document specifies the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, common to self-propelled road-rail machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, arising due to the adaptation for their use on railway networks and urban rail networks. These machines are intended for construction, maintenance and inspection of the railway infrastructure, shunting and emergency rescue vehicles, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer; see Clause 4.
This document deals with the common hazards during assembly and installation, commissioning, travelling on and off track, use including setting, programming, and process changeover, operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the machines.
NOTE   Specific measures for exceptional circumstances are not dealt with in this document. They can be subject to negotiation between manufacturer and the machine operator.
The common hazards dealt with include the general hazards presented by the machines, also the hazards presented by the following specific machine functions:
a)   excavation;
b)   ballast tamping, ballast cleaning, ballast regulating, ballast consolidating;
c)   track construction, renewal, maintenance and repair;
d)   lifting;
e)   overhead contact line system renewal / maintenance;
f)   maintenance of the components of the infrastructure;
g)   inspection and measurement of the components of the infrastructure;
h)   working in tunnels;
i)   shunting;
j)   vegetation control;
k)   emergency rescue and recovery;
during commissioning, use, maintenance and servicing.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
This document does not deal with:
1)   requirements with regard to the quality of work and the performance of the machine;
2)   machines that utilize the contact line system for traction purposes;
3)   specific requirements established by a railway Infrastructure Manager or Urban Rail Manager;
4)   negotiations between the manufacturer and the machine operator for additional or alternative requirements;
5)   requirements for use and travel of the machine on public highway;
6)   hazards due to air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 190 km/h;
7)   requirements which could be necessary in case of use in extreme conditions, such as extreme ambient temperatures (tropical or polar); see 5.30;
8)   highly corrosive or contaminating environment, e.g. due to the presence of chemicals;
9)   potentially explosive atmospheres.
Other special machines used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex E.

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1.1   General
This document specifies the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self-propelled road-rail machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, intended for use on urban rail. These hazards can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of machines when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorized representative. Where a machine is designed and intended for use on mainline and urban rail, the machine will comply with the most onerous conditions of FprEN 15746-1 and FprEN 15746-4. In all cases the machine will comply with the requirements set out in FprEN 15746-2.
The requirements in this document amend those in FprEN 15746-1 as required for the use of the machine on urban railways.
This document does not apply to the following:
-   the requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the Urban Rail Manager;
-   moving and working while not on rails;
-   separate machines temporarily mounted on machines and associated equipment.
This document does not establish the additional requirements for the following:
-   operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as: freezing temperatures, high temperatures, corrosive environments, tropical environments, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
-   hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
Other track construction and maintenance machines used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex B.
1.2   Scope of urban rail
Urban rail systems cover Urban Guided Transport systems (UGT) and might include other rail systems excluded from the scope of the Interoperability Directive 2008/57/EC (Article 1.3 (a) and (b)).
Urban Guided Transport systems (UGT), which cover metro, tram and light rail, are defined as public transport systems permanently guided at least by one rail, intended for the operation of local, urban and suburban passenger services with self-propelled vehicles and operated either segregated or not from general road and pedestrian traffic.
Categories of urban rail systems include:
-   (I) Metros: UGT systems operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic. They are consequently designed for operations in tunnel, viaducts or on surface level but with physical separation in such a way that inadvertent access is not possible. In different parts of the world, Metro systems are also known as the underground, the subway or the tube. Rail systems with specific construction issues operating on a segregated guideway (e.g. monorail, rack railways) are also treated as Metros as long as they are designated as part of the urban public transport network.
-   (II) Trams: UGT systems not segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic, which share their right of way with general road and/or pedestrian traffic and are therefore embedded in their relevant national road traffic legislation (highway codes and specific adaptations).
(...)

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1.1   General
This document deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self-propelled road-rail machines -henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, which can arise during the commissioning, operation and maintenance of the machines when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorized representative.
These risks are normally common regardless of the track gauge.  However, additional requirements can apply for travelling and working on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This document is also applicable for machines and associated equipment that in working configuration are partly supported on the ballast or the formation. Such machines are capable of independent self-propelled movement on the ground.
This document does not apply to the following:
-   the requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the Infrastructure Manager;
-   moving and working while not on rails;
-   separate machines temporarily mounted on machines and associated equipment;
-   demountable machines as defined in 3.2;
-   trailers as defined in 3.3, including road-rail trailers.
Vehicles which are not track-guided themselves but have attachments that are track-guided are not road-rail machines.
The requirements within this document are amended and added to by the requirements in FprEN 15746-4 for machines designed and intended to use urban rail.
This document does not establish the additional requirements for the following:
-   operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. work in tunnels or in cuttings, extreme environmental conditions such as: freezing temperatures, high temperatures, corrosive environments, tropical environments, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
-   hazards due to errors in software;
-   hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
Other track construction and maintenance machines used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex F.
1.2   Validity of this document
This document applies to all machines which are ordered one year after the publication date by CEN of this document.

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This document provides terms and definitions and is applicable to rail networks and rail vehicles.
This document is especially applicable as a reference for future European Standards and the revision of existing standards and represents a set of general technical terms and definitions.
This document does not apply to specific applications such as:
-   track construction and maintenance machines not travelling on rails;
-   road-rail machines not travelling on rails;
-   magnetic levitation transport networks and vehicles;
-   guided busways;
-   historical networks and vehicles.
Terms and definitions related to:
-   control command and signalling;
-   operation;
-   geographical aspects
are not in scope.

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This European Standard characterizes the quality of track geometry based on parameters defined in EN 13848 1 and specifies the different track geometry classes which should be considered.
This European Standard covers the following topics:
- description of track geometry quality;
- classification of track quality according to track geometry parameters;
- considerations on how this classification can be used;
- this European Standard applies to high-speed and conventional lines of 1 435 mm and wider gauge;
- this European Standard forms an integral part of EN 13848 series.

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This part of EN 13231 series defines the technical requirements and measurements for the acceptance of works for longitudinal and / or transverse reprofiling of railway rail heads in plain line, switches and crossings and expansion devices.
It applies to Vignole rails of 46 kg/m and above according to EN 13674 1.

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This European Standard specifies the minimum requirements for track geometry measuring principles and systems in order to produce comparable results when measuring the same track. It applies to all measuring systems, attended or unattended, fitted on any vehicle, except track construction and maintenance machines. Only systems put into service after the standard comes into force are concerned.
This standard does not define the requirements for vehicle acceptance.
This standard does not apply to measuring systems dedicated to urban rail such as tramways, light rail or similar networks.

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This document specifies various test methods to ensure the performance of polymeric composite and reinforced polymeric composite sleepers, bearers and transoms for use in tracks. It is applicable to the sleepers, bearers and transoms to be installed in tracks with or without a ballast.

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The scope of this document is to define requirements for the shore supply system for auxiliaries and pre-conditioning and the related intermateable connector pairs.
Shore supplies to move the rolling stock are outside the scope of this document.

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The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for radio transmitters and
receivers used in the Euroloop communications system. The system is used in railway systems.
The present document applies to the following equipment:
1) The On-Board Equipment (OBE) transmitting the tele-powering to wake-up the Trackside Equipment and
receiving the Euroloop signal. The OBE comprises a receiver fitted with a dedicated antenna.
2) The Trackside Equipment receiving the tele-powering and transmitting the Euroloop signal. The antenna is a
leaky feeder cable that is always installed in an inner or outer foot of a rail.
NOTE 1: For the purposes of the present document term "Euroloop" will be used as a descriptive term of the
Euroloop communication system as defined by the specifications [1] and [2] of the UNISIG consortia.
The Euroloop transmission system operates in frequency bands listed in table 1 in accordance with the EC Decision
2013/752/EU [i.2], and ERC Recommendation 70-03 [i.3], annex 4.
The present document contains requirements to demonstrate that radio equipment both effectively uses and supports the
efficient use of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference.

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