This European Standard specifies basic requirements for the braking of trains hauled by locomotives:
-   For trains hauled by locomotives and intended for use in general operation each vehicle is fitted with the traditional brake system with a brake pipe compatible with the UIC brake system.
NOTE   This ensures technical compatibility of the brake function between vehicles of various origins in a train (see 5.4).
-   For trains hauled by locomotives and intended for use in fixed or predefined formation, the requirements on the vehicle and the train are necessary. In the case of a UIC brake system, this standard applies; if not, the EN 16185 series or the EN 15734 series applies.
If concerned, the UIC brake architecture described in this standard (see 5.4) can be used for brakes for multiple unit train and high speed trains and urban rail described in the EN 13452 series, the EN 16185 series and the EN 15734 series.
This European Standard also takes into account electrical and electronic control functions and additional brake systems like dynamic brakes and adhesion independent brakes.
The brake system requirements, which are specific for on-track machines are set out in EN 14033 1.
This European Standard does not apply to Urban Rail rolling stock braking system, which is specified by EN 13452 1.

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This document specifies the method to be followed to achieve a satisfactory design of bogie frames and includes design procedures, assessment methods, verification and manufacturing quality requirements. It is limited to the structural requirements of bogie frames including bolsters and axlebox housings. For the purpose of this document, these terms are taken to include all functional attachments, e.g. damper brackets.

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This document applies to pneumatic half couplings designed to couple either the brake pipes or main reservoir pipes of railway vehicles, without taking the type of vehicles and track-gauge into consideration.
This document gives the requirements for the design, dimensions, testing and quality assurance of pneumatic half couplings.

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This document is limited to specifying the requirements when applying adhesion material to the interface between the wheel tread and the crown of the rail, and includes both trainborne and trackside solutions. This standard only covers the equipment and application of adhesion material to the active interface.
This document defines:
- the characteristics that systems of adhesion materials of the wheel/rail interface shall achieve, together with applicable inspection and test methods to be carried out for verification;
- all relevant terminology which is specific to the adhesion materials of the wheel/rail interface.
This document only applies to the mainline railway.
NOTE 1   This document can also be used for other railways, e.g urban rail.
NOTE 2   Although technologies used to influence the wheel/ rail interface, other than the application of a material, are out of scope of this document, it can be used as guidance.

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  • Technical specification
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This Technical Specification specifies the requirements of adhesion materials intended to be applied to the interface between the wheel tread and the rail crown (active interface). The specified adhesion materials can be applied either directly or indirectly to the wheel tread or rail.
It outlines the information required for most approval procedures, the method of testing and routine control/monitoring of the material.
This Technical Specification does not deal with Top of Rail materials.
NOTE   Requirements for Top of Rail materials are specified in CEN/TS 15427-2-2.

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2021-01-13, JE: TC - Correction of text: 1st sentence of 8.3.3.3.1, 2nd sentence of 8.3.3.3.2 and 2nd sentence of 8.3.3.3

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This document applies variable load sensing devices designated to continuously sense the load of a railway vehicle and provide a signal that can be used by a relay valve for the automatic variation of the air pressure used for brake applications, thereby adjusting the brake force accordingly to achieve the required brake performance.
This document specifies the requirements for the design, dimensions, manufacture and testing of automatic variable load sensing devices.

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This document is applicable to empty-loaded changeover devices designed to automatically sense when the load of a railway vehicle reaches a defined value (changeover mass), which represents the point at which the vehicle is classed as “loaded” and thereby requires the brake force to be adjusted accordingly to achieve the required brake performance. This document also covers manually operated empty-loaded changeover devices and the associated changeover plates.
This document specifies the requirements for the design, dimensions, manufacture and testing of empty-loaded changeover devices.

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This European standard specifies the requirements when applying material to the active interface between the wheel tread and the crown of the rail and includes trainborne and track side equipment.
This technical specification only covers the equipment and application of material to the active interface.
This document defines:
- the characteristics that systems of top of rail equipment for wheel-rail interface shall achieve, together with applicable inspection and test methods to be carried out for verification;
- all relevant terminology which is specific to the application of top of rail materials of the wheel-rail interface.
This document only applies to the mainline railway
NOTE   This document can also be used for other railways, e. g urban rail’

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This Technical Specification specifies the requirements of materials intended to be applied to the interface between the wheel tread and the rail crown (active interface). It can be applied either directly or indirectly to the wheel tread or rail.
It outlines the information required for most approval procedures, the method of testing and routine control/monitoring of the material.
This Technical Specification does not deal with adhesion materials, for example:
- sand
- adhesion enhancers

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  • Technical specification
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This European Standard specifies the characteristics of new wheelsets for use on European networks:
This standard is applicable to wheelsets comprising elements that conform to the following European
Standards:
- EN 13262 for wheels;
- EN 13261 for axles;
This standard is not fully applicable to wheelsets undergoing maintenance.
Some characteristics are given as a function of a category 1 or of a category 2. Category 2 can be divided
into sub-categories (2a and 2b) to specify certain characteristics. Category 1 is generally chosen when the
operating speed exceeds 200 km/h. The wheelset then comprises wheels and axle of category 1 as specified
in EN 13262 for the wheels and EN 13261 for the axles.

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This European Standard specifies the characteristics of axles for use on European networks.
It defines characteristics of forged or rolled solid and hollow axles, made from vacuum-degassed steel grade
EA1N1 that is the most commonly used grade on European networks. For hollow axles, this standard applies
only to those that are manufactured by machining of a hole in a forged or rolled solid axle
In addition, the particular characteristics for axles in grade EA1T1 and EA4T1 are given in Annex A.
Two categories of axle are defined, category 1 and category 2. Generally, category 1 is chosen when the
operational speed is higher than 200 km/h.
This standard is applicable to axles that are designed in accordance with the requirements of EN 13103 and
EN 13104.
NOTE Different values for some characteristics may be agreed if a particular process of fabrication (e.g. cold rolling,
shot peening, shot peening, steel cleanliness, reduction ratio, improved material properties from melting and heat
treatment processes, etc.) has an influence on them.

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The aim of this document is to define a design assessment procedure of a forged and rolled monobloc
wheel (RST). This assessment is carried out before the wheel is commissioned. This document describes,
in particular, the assessment to be performed in order to use wheels on a European network which, in
addition, have quality requirements in conformity with those defined in EN 13262.
This assessment requires that the conditions of use for the wheel are defined and this standard provides
a method for defining those conditions.
The assessment of the design covers four aspects:
— a geometrical aspect: to allow interchangeability of different solutions for the same application;
— a thermomechanical aspect: to manage wheel deformations and to ensure that braking will not cause
wheels to fracture;
— a mechanical aspect: to ensure that no fatigue cracks occur in the wheel web and that no permanent
deformation occurs under exceptional loading;
— an acoustic aspect: to ensure that the solution chosen is as good as the reference wheel.
This document does not cover assessment of the hub or of the rim.
This document has been drawn up for wheels of non-powered tread-braked wheelsets and applies in full
to this type of wheel. For wheels on which disc brakes are mounted or toothed transmission wheels or
even wheels with noise reduction devices, the requirements may be amended or supplemented.
For urban railway vehicles, other standards or documents may be used.

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This European Standard specifies the characteristics of railway wheels for all track gauges.
This standard can also apply to light rail and tramway applications.
Five steel grades, ER6, ER7, ER8, ERS8 and ER9 are defined in this standard.
NOTE 1: ERS8 has been integrated in this standard as an optimization of steel grades ER8 and ER9 in the context of RCF, and by taking into account European service experience e.g. BS 5892-3 in the UK.
Certain characteristics are defined according to a category 1 or a category 2. Category 1 is generally chosen when the operation train speed is higher than 200 km/h. Vehicles running at speeds lower than or equal to 200 km/h generally use wheels of Category 2.
These categories can sometimes be subdivided, depending upon the characteristics.
This standard is applicable to solid forged and rolled wheels which are made from vacuum degassed steel and have a chilled rim. They are to have already been used in commercial conditions on a European network in a significant quantity, or to have satisfied a technical approval procedure according to EN 13979-1 for their design.
Annex A describes the assessment process for acceptance of new materials not cited in this standard.
The standard defines the wheel product requirements; the technical approval procedure is not within the scope of this standard.
NOTE 2: Rim-chilled describes heat treatment of the rim, the aim of which is to harden the rim and to create compressive residual stresses in the rim.

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This document defines the tread profiles of wheels with a diameter equal or greater than 330 mm used
on rolling stock submitted to the Directive 2016/797/EU. These profiles apply to new wheels, whether
free-standing or assembled as wheelsets, as well as to wheels that require reprofiling during
maintenance.

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This document specifies requirements for pads for disc brakes of railway rolling stock.
This document is applicable to pads designed to be fitted to disc braked rail vehicles. The brake pad may be manufactured from any material.
The document defines requirements and generic test programs for brake pads. In order to qualify the brake pad performance in accordance with the classification the standard provides fixed parameter figures as categories defined in paragraph classification scheme.

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This document is applicable to brake pipe accelerator valves designed to vent the brake pipe of railway vehicles when an emergency brake application is initiated, without taking the type of vehicles and track-gauge into consideration.
This document specifies the requirements for the design, manufacture and testing of brake pipe accelerator valves.

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This document:
- defines the forces and moments to be taken into account with reference to masses, traction and braking conditions;
- gives the stress calculation method for axles with inboard axle journals;
- specifies the maximum permissible stresses to be assumed in calculations for steel grade EA1N, EA1T and EA4T defined in EN 13261;
- describes the method for determination of the maximum permissible stresses for other steel grades;
- determines the diameters for the various sections of the axle and recommends the preferred shapes and transitions to ensure adequate service performance.
This document is applicable for axles defined in EN 13261. This document applies only for heavy rail vehicles.  
The calculation of wheelsets for special applications (e.g. railbound construction and maintenance machines) can be made according to this document only for the load cases of free-rolling and rolling in train formation.

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This European Standard describes the functionality, constraints, performance and operation of a brake system for use in self propelling thermal and electric trains operating on routes of the European rail system network.
This European Standard covers:
- all new vehicle designs of self-propelling thermal and electric trains being operated at a maximum speed up to 200 km/h, in the following text simply called EMU/DMU;
- all major overhauls of the above-mentioned vehicles if they involve redesigning or extensive alteration to the brake system of the vehicle concerned.
This standard does not cover:
- locomotive hauled trains which are specified by EN 14198;
- mass transit rolling stock which is specified by EN 13452-1;
- high speed trains being operated at speeds greater than 200 km/h which are specified by EN 15734-1.

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This document is applicable to relay valves designated to control the brake cylinder pressure of compressed air brakes fitted to railway vehicles, in association with an air brake distributor valve or other control device. It covers one stage relay valves and relay valves adjusting the brake cylinder pressure in response to a change in vehicle speed or load that is either continuously variable or in two or more stages, i.e. empty – loaded.
Relay valves operating with other pressures, in particular the brake pipe pressure, are not included.
This document specifies the requirements for the design, manufacture and testing of relay valves.

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This Technical Report gives guidance for:
- the use of Finite Element Method (FEM) to supplement the axle calculation defined in relevant standards for wheelset calculation and to deteremine in particular conditions for fitting transitions and groves;
- determination of fatigue limits consistent with the FEM procedure;
- validation of the fatigue limit of the blasted axles and unpainted axles.
It contains a proposal of a method for the analysis of in service load measurements to be applied in the fatigue assessment of axles.

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  • Technical report
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This document is applicable to relay valves designated to control the brake cylinder pressure of compressed air brakes fitted to railway vehicles, in association with an air brake distributor valve or other control device. It covers one stage relay valves and relay valves adjusting the brake cylinder pressure in response to a change in vehicle speed or load that is either continuously variable or in two or more stages, i.e. empty – loaded.
Relay valves operating with other pressures, in particular the brake pipe pressure, are not included.
This document specifies the requirements for the design, manufacture and testing of relay valves.

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This document presents the stage of knowledge resulting from the Euraxles project about the design of the axle, and further steps to be taken.
It is the support:
- to define the loads to be taken into account;
- to describe the stress calculation method using finite elements and the validation processes associated;
- to specify the maximum permissible stresses to be assumed in calculations and the safety factors to be used.
This technical report is applicable for:
- wheelset Axles defined in EN 13261 as "pure wheelset";
- other axle designs such as those encountered in particular rolling stocks e.g. with independent wheels, variable gauges, urban rail...
This document has not for aim to replace EN 13103-1 and CEN/TS 13103-2 but to present a complementary method to the existing ones.

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This European Standard specifies test methods and acceptance criteria for a brake system for use in self propelling thermal and electric trains, in the following document called EMU/DMU, operating on routes of the European conventional rail system network.
This European Standard is applicable to:
-   all new vehicles designs of self-propelling thermal and electric trains;
-   all major overhauls of the EMU/DMU if they involve redesigning or extensive alteration to the brake system of the vehicle concerned.
This European Standard does not cover:
-   locomotive hauled trains which are specified by EN 14198;
-   mass transit rolling stock which is specified by EN 13452 (all parts);
-   high speed trains being operated at speeds greater than 200 km/h which are specified by EN 15734-1 and tests in EN 15734-2.
The functional testing requirements set out in this European Standard assume the vehicles are fitted with brake system architecture as defined in prEN 16185 1.
The braking performance obtained by applying the tests defined in this European Standard can be used to assess compliance with the required braking performance as defined in prEN 16185-1.

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This European Standard specifies test methods and acceptance criteria for a brake system for use in self propelling thermal and electric trains, in the following document called EMU/DMU, operating on routes of the European conventional rail system network.
This European Standard is applicable to:
-   all new vehicles designs of self-propelling thermal and electric trains;
-   all major overhauls of the EMU/DMU if they involve redesigning or extensive alteration to the brake system of the vehicle concerned.
This European Standard does not cover:
-   locomotive hauled trains which are specified by EN 14198;
-   mass transit rolling stock which is specified by EN 13452 (all parts);
-   high speed trains being operated at speeds greater than 200 km/h which are specified by EN 15734-1 and tests in EN 15734-2.
The functional testing requirements set out in this European Standard assume the vehicles are fitted with brake system architecture as defined in prEN 16185 1.
The braking performance obtained by applying the tests defined in this European Standard can be used to assess compliance with the required braking performance as defined in prEN 16185-1.

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This draft European Standard applies to distributor valves and distributor-isolating devices.
The distributor valves contained in this European Standard are of graduated release type. Direct release types are not included.
Functionally they are regarded as not containing relay valves of any type, even if the relay valves are physically an integral part of the distributor valves.
This European Standard applies to both distributor-isolating devices mounted separate from the distributor valve and distributor-isolating devices integral with the distributor valve.
This European Standard specifies the requirements for the design, testing and quality assurance of distributor valves and distributor-isolating devices.
The distributor valve and distributor-isolating device are intended to be part of a brake system mounted in a vehicle with maximum length of 31 m and maximum brake pipe volume of 25 l taking into consideration brake pipe inner diameters between 25 mm and 32 mm.

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This European Standard defines an harmonized way to assess the braking performance by test of locomotives, passenger coaches, freight wagons and self-propelled passenger trains (EMU/DMU).
The European Standard sets out the standardized method for undertaking brake performance tests and the correction factors to be applied to the data obtained for all types of rolling stock.
This European Standard also defines the methods to assess the brake performance in terms of stopping distance, and from this the process to determine vehicle(s) deceleration and brake weight.
It then deals with conversion of the brake weight to the brake weight percentage of a vehicle or train for operating purposes. It also sets out additional factors when determining the brake weight percentage of a train calculated from specified brake weight, depending on the formation of the train.
In Annex D there is a method for determining brake performance of freight wagons fitted with P10 cast iron using limited testing (force measurement).

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This European Standard defines the interfaces and gives guidance for the design of systems and procedures for change of track gauge, covering also their assessment for technical approval, for the automatic variable-gauge systems.
The standard is focused on the change of track gauge among the following nominal track gauges: 1435 mm, 1520 mm, 1524 mm, 1600 mm and 1668 mm.
This document is not limited to the aforementioned nominal track gauges but the interfaces to change to/from other nominal track gauges can be different. The established assessment procedures can be used as well.

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This document defines a harmonized way to assess the braking performance by test of locomotives, passenger coaches, freight wagons and self-propelled passenger trains (EMU/DMU).
The document sets out the standardized method for undertaking brake performance tests and the correction factors to be applied to the data obtained for all types of rolling stock.
This document also defines the methods to assess the brake performance in terms of stopping distance, and from this the process to determine vehicle(s) deceleration and braked weight.
It then deals with conversion of the braked weight to the braked weight percentage of a vehicle or train for operating purposes. It also sets out additional factors when determining the braked weight percentage of a train calculated from specified braked weight, depending on the formation of the train.
In Annex D there is a method for determining brake performance of freight wagons fitted with P10 cast iron or LL-blocks using limited testing (force measurement).

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This document defines the interfaces and gives guidance for the design of systems and procedures for change of track gauge. It defines also their assessment for technical approval, for the automatic variable-gauge systems.
The document is focused on the change of track gauge among the following nominal track gauges: 1 435 mm, 1 520 mm, 1 524 mm, 1 600 mm and 1 668 mm.
This document is not limited to the aforementioned nominal track gauges but the interfaces to change to/from other nominal track gauges can be different. The established assessment procedures can be used as well.

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This European standard applies to brake block holders and brake block keys included in brake rigging installed on railway vehicles.
Brake block holders and brake block keys made of non-ferrous materials are not subject to this draft European standard.
This European standard contains requirements for design and evaluation testing of conformity.
The requirements contained in this draft European standard apply to the brake block holders and brake block keys with which the railway vehicles of main-line railways and private railways (regional railways, company railways) are fitted.

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This European Standard gives the requirements for the design, dimensions, performance, and testing of a brake block (otherwise known as brake shoe insert) that acts on the wheel tread as part of a tread brake system. This European Standard does not cover cast iron brake block requirements.
This European Standard is applicable to brake blocks of either "K", "L", or "LL" friction level designed to be fitted to tread braked rail vehicles.
This European Standard contains the requirements for interfacing the brake block with the rail vehicle, the testing procedures in order to confirm that it satisfies the basic safety and technical interchangeability requirements, the material control procedures to ensure product quality, reliability and conformity and considers health and environmental needs.

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This draft European standard specifies requirements for the design and dimensions of the brake disc.
This draft European standard applies to discs mounted at the axle or drive-shaft of railway rolling stock by a cylindrical or conic tapered interference fit.
For each discrete unit so fitted, one or more disc brake rings, each having two axially separated friction faces, may be deployed.

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This document gives guidelines for the calculation of vehicle stopping distances when testing a WSP system using the methods specified in EN 15595, the standard for Wheel Slide Protection, under the conditions defined in that standard.
This document is only applicable to the calculation of stopping distances for the evaluation of the results of WSP tests carried out in accordance with EN 15595.
This document does not apply to calculations used to determine the stopping performance of a WSP equipped train under operational conditions as it is only applicable for specific WSP test conditions.

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This draft European standard specifies requirements to be met for the design, dimensions of the brake disc.
This draft European standard applies to brake discs mounted onto the wheel, including the wheel web or wheel hub of railway rolling stock.
For each discrete unit so fitted, one or more disc brake rings, each having one friction face, may be deployed.
Any deviation from this standard draft has to be agreed between the contracting parties.

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This document applies to brake block holders and brake block keys included in brake rigging installed on railway vehicles.
Brake block holders and brake block keys made of non-ferrous materials are not within the scope of this document.
This document contains requirements for design and evaluation testing of conformity.
The requirements contained in this document apply to the brake block holders and brake block keys fitted on railway vehicles with brake blocks whose dimensions are in accordance with the requirements given in EN 16452.

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This European Standard gives the requirements for the design, dimensions, performance, and testing of a brake block (otherwise known as brake shoe insert) that acts on the wheel tread as part of a tread brake system. This European Standard does not cover cast iron brake block requirements.
This European Standard is applicable to brake blocks of either "K", "L", or "LL" friction level designed to be fitted to tread braked rail vehicles.
This European Standard contains the requirements for interfacing the brake block with the rail vehicle, the testing procedures in order to confirm that it satisfies the basic safety and technical interchangeability requirements, the material control procedures to ensure product quality, reliability and conformity and considers health and environmental needs.

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This document gives guidelines for the calculation of vehicle stopping distances when testing a WSP system using the methods specified in EN 15595, the standard for Wheel Slide Protection, under the conditions defined in that standard.
This document is only applicable to the calculation of stopping distances for the evaluation of the results of WSP tests carried out in accordance with EN 15595.
This document does not apply to calculations used to determine the stopping performance of a WSP equipped train under operational conditions as it is only applicable for specific WSP test conditions.

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This document specifies requirements for the design and dimensions of the brake disc.
This document applies to brake discs mounted onto the wheel, including the wheel web or wheel hub of railway rolling stock.
This document applies to discs having one or more disc brake rings, each having two axially separated friction faces.

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This document specifies requirements for the design and dimensions of the brake disc.
This document applies to discs pressed or shrunk onto the axle or drive shaft of railway rolling stock by a cylindrical or conic tapered interference fit.
This document applies to discs having one or more disc brake rings, each having two axially separated friction faces.

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This European Standard specifies the criteria for system acceptance and type approval of a wheel slide protection (WSP) system. It also specifies criteria for the implementation of WSP to specific vehicle applications and specific operating conditions, as well as requirements for wheel rotation monitoring (WRM). This includes the design, testing and quality assessment of the WSP and WRM systems and their components.
This European Standard is not intended to be used to determine the stopping performance of a WSP equipped train under all environmental conditions.

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This document specifies the criteria for system acceptance and type approval of a wheel slide protection (WSP) system. It also specifies criteria for the implementation of WSP to specific vehicle applications and specific operating conditions, as well as requirements for wheel rotation monitoring (WRM). This includes the design, testing and quality assessment of the WSP and WRM systems and their components.
This European Standard does not apply to vehicles on rubber tyred wheels or vehicles equipped with hydraulic brakes.

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This European Standard specifies test methods and acceptance criteria for a brake system used in passenger coaches and driving trailers for use in general operation.

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This European Standard provides the specific requirements for NDT of wheelsets for:
-   in-service maintenance;
-   off-vehicle maintenance;
-   NDT personnel;
-   NDT documentation (Procedure and Instruction);
-   traceability of the maintenance NDT results.
It gives guidance for the introduction of new NDT techniques.
For this standard, the following NDT methods are considered:
-   Ultrasonic testing (UT);
-   Magnetic particle testing (MT);
-   Eddy Current testing (ET).
Examples of common NDT indications are given in an informative annex.
Other methods considered in EN ISO 9712:2012 are outside the scope of this standard.
For this purpose, a catalogue of the common defects is given as guidance.
Specific NDT requirements relating to the quality of new products delivered by manufacturers are not within the scope of this European Standard.

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This standard:
- defines the forces and moments to be taken into account with reference to masses, traction and braking conditions;
- gives the stress calculation method for axles with outside axle journals;
- specifies the maximum permissible stresses to be assumed in calculations for steel grade EA1N defined in EN 13261;
- describes the method for determination of the maximum permissible stresses for other steel grades;
- determines the diameters for the various sections of the axle and recommends the preferred shapes and transitions to ensure adequate service performance.
This standard is applicable for:
- axles defined in EN 13261 and
- all gauges1.
The powered axle design method of this standard applies to:
- solid and hollow powered axles for railway rolling stock;
- solid and hollow non-powered axles of motor bogies;
- solid and hollow non-powered axles of locomotives2.
The trailer axle design method of this standard applies to:
- solid and hollow axles of railway rolling stock used for the transportation of passengers and freight that are not consider in the list above;
This standard is applicable to axles fitted to rolling stock intended to run under normal European conditions. Before using this standard, if there is any doubt as to whether the railway operating conditions are normal, it is necessary to determine whether an additional design factor has to be applied to the maximum permissible stresses. The calculation of wheelsets for special applications (e.g. tamping/lining/levelling machines) may be made according to this standard only for the load cases of free-rolling and rolling in train formation. This standard does not apply to workload cases. They are calculated separately.
For light rail and tramway applications, other standards or documents agreed between the customer and supplier may be applied.
1 If the gauge is not standard, certain formulae need to be adapted.
2 In France, the interpretation of the term "locomotive" includes locomotives, locomoteurs or locotracteurs.

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This draft European Standard provides terms and definitions for common use for brakes and braking in rolling stock.

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This European Standard:
— defines the forces and moments to be taken into account with reference to masses, traction and braking conditions;
— gives the stress calculation method for axles with outside axle journals;
— specifies the maximum permissible stresses to be assumed in calculations for steel grade EA1N, EA1T and EA4T defined in EN 13261;
— describes the method for determination of the maximum permissible stresses for other steel grades;
— determines the diameters for the various sections of the axle and recommends the preferred shapes and transitions to ensure adequate service performance.
This European Standard is applicable for:
— axles defined in EN 13261
— powered and non-powered axles and
— all track gauges3.
The powered axle design method of this European Standard applies to:
— solid and hollow powered axles for railway rolling stock;
— solid and hollow non-powered axles of motor bogies;
— solid and hollow non-powered axles of locomotives.
The non-powered axle design method of this standard applies to solid and hollow axles of railway rolling stock used for the transportation of passengers and freight that are not considered in the list above.
This European Standard is applicable to axles fitted to rolling stock intended to run under normal European conditions. Before using this European Standard, if there is any doubt as to whether the railway operating conditions are normal, it is necessary to determine whether an additional design factor has to be applied to the maximum permissible stresses. The calculation of wheelset axles for special applications (e.g. tamping/lining/levelling machines) may be made according to this European Standard only for the load cases of free-rolling and rolling in train formation. This European Standard does not apply to the loads induced by the vehicles in their working mode. They are calculated separately.
This method can be used for light rail and tramway applications.

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This European Standard provides terms and definitions for common use for brakes and braking in rolling stock.

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This European Standard defines the layout of the devices installed on the headstock of vehicles equipped with buffers and screw coupler in order to allow operation and coupling of trainsets or vehicles including rescue condition.
The European Standard deals with the defined free space for the shunter called the "Berne rectangle" and the location on the headstock of:
—   buffers including boundary conditions;
—   screw coupling systems;
—   head cocks;
—   pneumatic half coupling;
—   (optional) steps and handrails on the front beam (e.g. for use by shunters);
—   connection for electric cables;
It also defines the fixing of certain equipment on the head stock (buffers, screw coupling, connections for brake system and electric system) and the calculation of the width of the buffer plates.
All dimensions given in this European Standard are nominal values.

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This European Standard is valid for vehicles equipped with buffers and screw coupling systems.
In order to allow operation and coupling of trainsets or vehicles, this European Standard specifies the defined free space for the shunter called the "Berne rectangle" and the necessary free space for the installation of the rescue coupler.
This European Standard specifies the location, fixing and free spaces on the headstock of:
-   buffers;
-   screw coupling systems;
-   end cocks;
-   pneumatic half couplings;
-   connections for electric cables.
It also specifies the calculation of the width of the buffer heads.
Unless otherwise displayed, all dimensions given in this European Standard are nominal values.
NOTE   Some parts of this EN are copied from EN 16116-1, EN 16116-2, EN 15551 and EN 15566. These parts are meant to be deleted from these ENs during their next revision.

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