This document establishes the arrangement, requirements and direction of movement of the basic controls for travelling, traversing, slewing, cab movement and load hoisting and lowering operations for all cab-operated, overhead travelling cranes and portal bridge cranes, as defined in ISOÂ 4306-1 and ISOÂ 4306-5.

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This document specifies information to be provided by: a) a purchaser in enquiring about or ordering an overhead travelling crane or portal bridge crane; b) a manufacturer in tendering for or supplying an overhead travelling crane or portal bridge crane.

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This document specifies load actions to be used together with the standards EN 13001 1 and EN 13001 3, and as such they specify conditions and requirements on design to prevent mechanical hazards of cranes, and provides a method of verification of those requirements.
NOTE   Specific requirements for particular types of crane are given in the appropriate European Standard for the particular crane type.
The following is a list of significant hazardous situations and hazardous events that could result in risks to persons during normal use and foreseeable misuse. Clause 4 of this document is necessary to reduce or eliminate the risks associated with the following hazards:
a)   instability of the crane or its parts (tilting);
b)   exceeding the limits of strength (yield, ultimate, fatigue);
c)   elastic instability of the crane or its parts (buckling, bulging);
d)   exceeding temperature limits of material or components;
e)   exceeding the deformation limits.
This document is not applicable to cranes that are manufactured before the date of its publication as EN.

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This document provides the classification of tower cranes for construction work as defined in ISO 4306‑3, and gives specific requirements for steel supporting structure, mechanisms, ropes and further components basing on standard service conditions, mainly expressed by the following: —   the number of working cycles; —   the load spectrum factor; —   the average displacements; and —   additional values for factors to be used at the structural or mechanical calculation. Tower cranes for construction work are exclusively equipped with a hook as load-handling device. For tower cranes intended to be used for other purposes and/or equipped with other load handling devices, other values according to the specified usage of the tower crane may result.

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This document applies to light offshore cranes including their supporting pedestals and structures.
NOTE   The supporting pedestal and structures such as columns and boom rests are covered by this standard to the extent where their main purpose is to support the crane.
This document is applicable to light offshore cranes, whose structures are made of steel.
The following characteristics distinguish light offshore cranes from other types of offshore cranes:
-   maximum rated capacity 20 tonnes, maximum load moment 300 tm;
-   limitation for off-board lifting operation Hs = 2,0 m and wind speed 15 m/s (3s gust);
-   maximum number of working cycles class U3 (C ≤ 125.000) according to EN 13001-1.
This document gives requirements for all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to light offshore cranes, when used as intended and under conditions foreseen by the risk assessment (see Clause 4).
This document is not applicable for:
a)   transportation, assembly, disabling, scrapping or changing the configuration of the crane;
b)   non- fixed load lifting attachments, i.e. any item between the hook and the load;
c)   lifting operations in ambient temperatures below −20 °C;
d)   lifting operations in ambient temperatures above 45 °C;
e)   lifting operations involving more than one crane;
f)   accidental loads due to collisions or earthquakes;
g)   emergency personnel rescue operations (except training);
h)   subsea lifting operations;
i)   general purpose offshore cranes, floating cranes and motion compensated cranes.
This document is applicable for the lifting of personnel.
This document is applicable to light offshore cranes, which are manufactured after the date of approval by CEN of this document.

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This document specifies general requirements for limiting and indicating devices for cranes that are applicable to loads and motions, performance and environment. These devices restrict operation and/or provide the operator or other persons with operational information. The specific requirements for the various types of crane are given in the other parts of the ISO 10245 series.

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This document applies to:
-   light crane systems, either suspended or free-standing systems, where the rated capacity of any single lifting device is 4 t or less;
-   pillar and wall-mounted jib cranes, without an operator's cabin, whose rated capacity is 10 t or less and whose overturning load moment is 500 kNm or less.
NOTE   For illustration of crane types, see Annex B.
This document is not applicable to cranes covered by another product specific crane standard, e.g. EN 15011:2011+A1:2014 or EN 14985:2012.
This document is applicable to cranes and crane systems, whose structures are made of steel or aluminium, excluding aluminium structures containing welded joints.
This document gives requirements for all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to cranes, when used as intended and under conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see Clause 4).
The specific hazards due to potentially explosive atmospheres, ionizing radiation, operation in electro-magnetic fields beyond the range of EN 61000 6 2:2016 and operation in pharmacy or food industry are not covered by this document.
This document does not cover hazards related to the lifting of persons.
This document is applicable to cranes, which are manufactured after the date of its publication by CEN as a European Standard.
This document is not applicable to cranes manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This European Standard specifies design requirements for non-powered access installed on cranes.
NOTE 1 For other type of access a requirement for information to be supplied is specified.
This European Standard covers access to control stations and all access required for maintenance, certain erection
and dismantling operations (see below) and emergency.
For those cranes which are intended to be erected and dismantled at their places of work, specific requirements for the
access needed during these operations are given in the appropriate European Standards for specific crane types.
NOTE 2 Specific requirements for access on particular types of crane are given in the appropriate European Standard for the
particular crane type.
The dimensions given in this European Standard do not take into account the safety distances related to:
- guarding;
-  relative movement between crane and adjacent structure;
- hazardous surface temperature;
- electrical equipment.
The significant hazards covered by this European Standard are identified in clause 4.
This European Standard is not applicable to cranes which are manufactured before the date of publication by CEN of
this standard.

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This European Standard applies to bridge and gantry cranes able to travel by wheels on rails, runways or roadway surfaces, and to gantry cranes without wheels mounted in a stationary position.
This European Standard specifies requirements for all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to bridge and gantry cranes when used as intended and under conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see Clause 4).
This European Standard does not include requirements for the lifting of persons.
The specific hazards due to potentially explosive atmospheres, ionising radiation and operation in electromagnetic fields beyond the range of EN 61000-6-2 are not covered by this European Standard.
This European Standard is applicable to bridge and gantry cranes manufactured after the date of its publication as an EN.

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This European Standard specifies the functional requirements of anti-collision devices and systems installed on self-erecting tower cranes or tower cranes assembled from component parts to avoid the risks of collision between several cranes in use, between a crane in use and fixed obstacles, and over prohibited zones.
It applies to anti-collision devices manufactured after the publication of this standard.
NOTE   For anti-collision systems used to avoid the risk of collision with power lines, additional requirements might be necessary.
This document defines the safety characteristics and requirements of anti-collision devices and systems intended for installation on self-erecting tower cranes or tower cranes assembled from component parts.
In particular:
-   performance level;
-   information to be provided by the sensors installed on the crane;
-   operation, particularly in the event of failure, override and free jib slewing states of a crane;
-   type of communication between devices;
-   information for the crane operator and outside indicator.
It also specifies the requirements for marking the device or the system and the content of the instruction for use.

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This document establishes a general classification of mobile cranes and related crane mechanisms based on the service conditions, mainly expressed by the following: — the total number of working cycles to be carried out during the specified design life of the crane; — the load spectrum factor which represents the relative frequencies of loads to be handled; — the average load displacements. This document is applicable for the work spectrum between moderate to very heavy number of work cycles as described in Table 2.

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This document specifies minimum requirements for design, calculation, examinations and tests of hydraulic powered loader cranes and their mountings on vehicles or static foundations.
This document does not apply to loader cranes used on board sea going vessel or to articulated boom system cranes which are designed as total integral parts of special equipment such as forwarders.
The hazards covered by this standard are identified in Clause 4.
This document does not cover hazards related to the lifting of persons.
NOTE   The use of cranes for lifting of persons can be subject to specific national regulations.
This document is not applicable to loader cranes manufactured before the publication of this document. For loader cranes designed before the publication of this document, the new provisions concerning stress calculations are not applicable.

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This document specifies minimum requirements for design, calculation, examinations and tests of hydraulic powered loader cranes and their mountings on vehicles or static foundations.
This document applies to loader cranes designed to be installed on:
-   road vehicles, including trailers, with load carrying capability;
-   tractors (road or agricultural), where only a towed trailer has capability to carry goods;
-   demountable bodies to be carried by any of the above;
-   other types of carriers (e.g. separate loaders, crawlers, rail vehicles, non-seagoing vessels);
-   static foundations.
This document also applies to loader cranes equipped with special tools or interchangeable equipment (e.g. grapple, clamshell bucket, pallet clamp, etc.), as specified in the operator’s manual.
This document does not apply to loader cranes used on board sea going vessels or to articulated boom system cranes which are designed as total integral parts of special equipment such as forwarders.
The hazards covered by this document are identified in Clause 4.
This document does not cover hazards related to the lifting of persons.
NOTE   The use of cranes for lifting of persons can be subject to specific national regulations.
This document is not applicable to loader cranes manufactured before the publication of this document. For loader cranes designed before the publication of this document, the provisions concerning stress calculations in the version of EN 12999 that was valid at the time of their design, are still applicable.

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The ISO 4306 series establishes a vocabulary of the most commonly used terms in the field of cranes. This document defines the terms related to jib type cranes. Mobile cranes, tower cranes, railway cranes, and offshore cranes are excluded. Annex A contains a diagram showing the different types of jib cranes.

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This document establishes required practices for the safe use of tower cranes. Subjects covered include safe systems of work, management, planning, selection, erection and dismantling, special base, operation and maintenance of cranes and the selection of operators, slingers and signalers. It does not cover manually (non-powered) operated cranes, or cranes in which at least one of its motions is manually operated.

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This document establishes graphical symbols for use on operator controls and other displays on mobile cranes as defined in ISO 4306‑2.

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This document specifies the minimum requirements for labels for the identification (marking) and the operation of tower cranes.

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This European Standard is applicable to the design, information for use, maintenance and testing of power driven hoists with or without trolleys for which the prime mover is an electric, hydraulic or pneumatic motor. They are designed for the lifting and lowering of loads which are suspended on hooks or other load lifting attachments. Hoists can be used either in cranes, in other machines, e.g. rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment, monorail conveyors or by itself.
This European Standard is applicable to the following types of hoist:
a)   rope hoist;
b)   chain hoist;
c)   belt hoist, except belt hoist with steel belts as hoisting media;
d)   open type hoist;
e)   NGL building hoists including supporting structures.
This European Standard is not applicable of the following hazards:
i)   this European Standard does not cover hazards related to builders hoists for the transport of goods as defined in Noise Outdoor Directive (OND) 2000/14/EC;
ii)   this European Standard does not cover hazards related to the lifting of persons.
NOTE   The use of hoists for the lifting of persons may be subject to specific national regulations.
This European Standard does not specify additional requirements for hazards related to the use of hoists in explosive atmospheres in underground works.
The significant hazards covered by this European Standard are identified in Clause 4.
This document is not applicable to power driven hoists which are manufactured before the date of publication of this European Standard by CEN.

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This document is applicable to the design, information for use, maintenance and testing of power driven hoists, compact or open construction, with or without trolleys for which the prime mover is an electric, hydraulic or pneumatic motor. They are designed for the lifting and lowering of loads that are suspended on hooks or other load lifting attachments. Hoists can be used either in cranes, in other machines, e.g. rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment, monorail conveyors or by itself.
This document is applicable to the following types of hoist:
a)   rope hoist;
b)   chain hoist;
c)   belt hoist, except belt hoist with steel belts as hoisting media;
d)   NGL building hoists including supporting structures;
e)   Winches used for lifting operation.
This document is not applicable of the following hazards:
f)   this document does not cover hazards related to builders hoists for the transport of goods as defined in Noise Outdoor Directive (OND) 2000/14/EC;
g)   this document does not cover hazards related to the lifting of persons.
This document does not specify additional requirements for hazards related to the use of hoists in explosive atmospheres in underground mines.
The significant hazards covered by this document are identified in Clause 4.
This document is not applicable to power driven hoists that are manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

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This European Standard is to be used together with EN 13001-1 and EN 13001-2 and as such they specify general conditions, requirements and methods to prevent mechanical hazards of cranes by design and theoretical verification.
NOTE   Specific requirements for particular types of crane are given in the appropriate European Standard for the particular crane type.
This European Standard covers bearings that are not dealt with by other EN 13001 standards.
The following is a list of significant hazardous situations and hazardous events that could result in risks to persons during intended use and reasonably foreseeable misuse. Clauses 4 to 7 of this standard are necessary to reduce or eliminate risks associated with the following hazards:
-   exceeding the limits of strength (yield, ultimate, fatigue);
-   exceeding temperature limits of material or components;
-   elastic instability of the crane or its parts (buckling, bulging).
This European Standard is not applicable to cranes which are manufactured before the date of its publication as EN and serves as reference base for the European Standards for particular crane types (see Annex I).
NOTE   prEN 13001-3-4 deals only with limit state method in accordance with EN 13001-1.

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This document gives requirements specific to tower cranes for limiting and indicating devices. It is applicable to tower cranes as defined in ISO 4306‑3. It is not applicable to end stops such as buffers used to stop trolleying, travelling or luffing movements, nor to erection, dismantling operations or the changing of a crane's configuration. NOTE General requirements for the devices are given in ISO 10245‑1.

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This document specifies the regular inspections to be carried out on tower cranes. It does not cover inspection prior to the first use of a tower crane.

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This document is to be used together with EN 13001-1 and EN 13001-2 and as such they specify general conditions, requirements and methods to prevent mechanical hazards of cranes by design and theoretical verification.
NOTE 1 Specific requirements for particular types of crane are given in the appropriate European Standard for the particular crane type.
This document covers bearings in cranes. It is not intended for bearings being part of standard components, e.g. gearboxes, motors - however those bearings shall be designed using load actions from EN 13001-2 and classification parameters of EN 13001-1.
NOTE 2 EN 13001-3-7 is under preparation for gears and gearboxes and deals with load actions for bearings in gear boxes.
The following is a list of significant hazardous situations and hazardous events that could result in risks to persons during intended use and reasonably foreseeable misuse. Clauses 4 to 7 of this document are necessary to reduce or eliminate risks associated with the following hazards:
- exceeding the limits of strength (yield, ultimate, fatigue);
- exceeding temperature limits of material or components;
- elastic instability of the crane or its parts (buckling, bulging).
This document is not applicable to cranes which are manufactured before the date of its publication as an EN and serves as reference base for the European Standards for particular crane types (see Annex D).
NOTE EN 13001-3-4 deals only with limit state method in accordance with EN 13001-1.

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This document establishes the application of ISO 8686-1 to tower cranes for construction work as defined in ISO 4306-3, and gives specific requirements and values for factors to be used at the structural calculation. Tower cranes for construction work are exclusively equipped with a hook as the load-handling device. For tower cranes intended to be used for other purposes and/or with other load-handling devices, other values can be necessary according to the tower crane usage specification.

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This document specifies the minimum training to be given to trainee crane slingers and crane signallers to develop the basic slinging skills and to impart the requisite knowledge for competency required for slingers and signallers as defined in ISO 15513.

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This document applies the principles set forth in ISO 8686‑1 to mobile cranes, as defined in ISO 4306‑2, and presents loads and load combinations appropriate for use in proof-of-competence calculations for the steel structures of mobile cranes. This document is applicable to mobile cranes used for normal and duty cycle service. NOTE Means for proof-of-competence testing will be addressed in another document.

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This document describes the acoustic emission (AE) testing technique used to perform structural integrity evaluation on steel structures of overhead travelling cranes and portal bridge cranes. This document applies to the testing of steel structures of in-service overhead travelling cranes and portal bridge cranes. Testing of other kinds of cranes can refer this document. This testing method is not intended to be an alone NDT standard method for the evaluation of the structural integrity of overhead travelling cranes and portal bridge cranes. Other NDT methods are used to verify and supplement the AT results. This document does not establish evaluation criteria.

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This European Standard is to be used together with EN 13001-1, EN 13001-2 and EN 13001-3-1 as well as pertinent crane type product EN standards, and as such they specify general conditions, requirements and methods to, by design and theoretical verification, prevent mechanical hazards of hydraulic cylinders that are part of the load carrying structures of cranes. Hydraulic piping, hoses and connectors used with the cylinders, as well as cylinders made from other material than carbon steel, are not within the scope of this standard.
The following are significant hazardous situations and hazardous events that could result in risks to persons during intended use and reasonably foreseeable misuse. Clauses 4 to 7 of this standard are necessary to reduce or eliminate risks associated with the following hazards:
a)   exceeding the limits of strength (yield, ultimate, fatigue);
b)   elastic instability (column buckling).
NOTE   EN 13001-3-6 deals only with the limit state method in accordance with EN 13001-1.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for the design and selection of electrical, mechanical, hydraulic and pneumatic equipment used in all types of cranes and their associated fixed load lifting attachments with the objectives of protecting personnel from hazards affecting their health and safety and of ensuring reliability of function.
NOTE   Specific requirements for particular types of cranes, and for load lifting attachments, are given in the appropriate European Standard.
The electrical equipment covered by this European Standard commences at the point of connection of the supply to the crane (the crane supply switch) including systems for power supply and control feeders situated outside the crane, e.g. flexible cables, conductor wires or bars, electric motors and cableless controls.
The principles to be applied for cranes transporting hazardous loads are given in this standard. Particular requirements are given for cranes transporting hot molten metal.
The standard does not cover the detail design of individual items of equipment except with regard to their selection for specific aspects of use.
In general, the proof of competence calculations and related strength requirements or safety margins of equipment and components are not covered by this standard. These questions are covered in EN 13001 parts 1 and 2, and in the EN 13001-3 series that is partly under preparation (see Annex A). Exceptionally, some safety margins are given here for items not covered in EN 13001-series.
Hazards due to noise are not covered by this standard. They are addressed in safety standards specific to each type of crane.
The specific hazards due to potentially explosive atmospheres, ionising radiation, and operation in electromagnetic fields beyond the range of EN 61000-6-2 are not covered by this European Standard.
The significant hazards covered by this European Standard are identified in Clause 4.
This European Standard is not applicable to cranes, which are manufactured before the date of publication by CEN of this standard.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for the design and selection of electrical, mechanical, hydraulic and pneumatic equipment used in all types of cranes and their associated fixed load lifting attachments with the objectives of protecting personnel from hazards affecting their health and safety and of ensuring reliability of function.
NOTE   Specific requirements for particular types of cranes, and for load lifting attachments, are given in the appropriate European Standard.
The electrical equipment covered by this European Standard commences at the point of connection of the supply to the crane (the crane supply switch) including systems for power supply and control feeders situated outside the crane, e.g. flexible cables, conductor wires or bars, electric motors and cableless controls.
The principles to be applied for cranes transporting hazardous loads are given in this standard. Particular requirements are given for cranes transporting hot molten metal.
The standard does not cover the detail design of individual items of equipment except with regard to their selection for specific aspects of use.
In general, the proof of competence calculations and related strength requirements or safety margins of equipment and components are not covered by this standard. These questions are covered in EN 13001 parts 1 and 2, and in the EN 13001-3 series that is partly under preparation (see Annex A). Exceptionally, some safety margins are given here for items not covered in EN 13001-series.
Hazards due to noise are not covered by this standard. They are addressed in safety standards specific to each type of crane.
The specific hazards due to potentially explosive atmospheres, ionising radiation, and operation in electromagnetic fields beyond the range of EN 61000-6-2 are not covered by this European Standard.
The significant hazards covered by this European Standard are identified in Clause 4.
This European Standard is not applicable to cranes, which are manufactured before the date of publication by CEN of this standard.

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This European Standard is to be used together with EN 13001-1 and EN 13001-2 and as such they
specify general conditions, requirements and methods to prevent mechanical hazards of cranes by
design and theoretical verification.
NOTE Specific requirements for particular types of cranes are given in the appropriate European Standard
for the particular crane type.
The following is a list of significant hazardous situations and hazardous events that could result in risks
to persons during intended use and reasonably foreseeable misuse. Clauses 4 to 8 of this standard are
necessary to reduce or eliminate risks associated with the following hazards:
a) exceeding the limits of strength (yield, ultimate, fatigue);
b) exceeding temperature limits of material or components;
c) elastic instability of the crane or its parts (buckling, bulging).
This European Standard is not applicable to cranes which are manufactured before the date of its
publication as EN and serves as reference base for the European Standards for particular crane types
(see Annex I).
NOTE EN 13001-3-1 deals only with the limit state method in accordance with EN 13001-1.

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20180116 CP: No XML available at publication stage

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ISO 9927-5:2017 specifies the inspections to be carried out on bridge and gantry cranes. It is intended to be used in conjunction with ISO 9927‑1. It does not cover inspection prior to the first use of a bridge or gantry crane.

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ISO 8566-5:2017 establishes the requirements for cabins and control stations for overhead travelling and portal bridge cranes as defined in ISO 4306‑1. ISO 8566-5:2017 takes the conditions of use of the cabin into consideration.

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ISO 8686-5:2017 establishes the application of ISO 8686‑1 to overhead travelling and portal bridge cranes as defined in ISO 4306‑1 and gives specific values for the factors to be used.

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ISO 4306-3:2016 as a whole establishes a vocabulary of the most commonly used terms in the field of cranes. This part of ISO 4306 gives the general definition of a tower crane and illustrates the terminology used with each type of tower crane by the use of figures with referenced term numbers. It is applicable to - tower cranes that can be assembled and dismantled (by element or self-erecting cranes), - permanently erected tower cranes, and - mobile self-erecting tower cranes. It is not applicable to - mobile cranes, or - erection masts, with or without jibs.

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ISO 4302:2016 specifies the assessment of wind loads on cranes. It establishes general methods for calculating wind loads (for in-service and out-of-service conditions), which are included in the load combinations stated in ISO 8686-1 and used for proofs of competence such as those given in ISO 20332 for the structural components of cranes. It provides a simplified method of calculation and assumes that - the wind may blow horizontally from any direction, - the wind blows at a constant speed, - there is a static reaction to the wind load applied to the crane structure. It includes built-in allowances for the effects of gusting (fluctuation in wind speed) and for dynamic response. It gives guidance on when to secure the crane for out-of-service conditions.

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This European Standard should be used together with the other relevant parts of the standard series. As such, they specify general conditions, requirements and methods to prevent hazards in hooks as part of all types of cranes.
This European Standard covers the following parts of hooks and types of hooks:
-   bodies of any type of point hooks made of steel forgings;
-   machined shanks of hooks with a thread/nut suspension.
NOTE 1   Principles of this European Standard can be applied to other types of shank hooks and also where stress concentration factors relevant to that shank construction are determined and used. Plate hooks, which are those, assembled of one or several parallel parts of rolled steel plates are not covered in this European Standard.
This European Standard is applicable to hooks from materials with ultimate strength of no more than 800 N/mm² and yield stress of no more than 600 N/mm².
The following is a list of significant hazardous situations and hazardous events that could result in risks to persons during normal use and foreseeable misuse. Clauses 4 to 8 of this document are necessary to reduce or eliminate the risks associated with the following hazards:
a)   Exceeding the limits of strength (yield, ultimate, fatigue);
b)   Exceeding temperature limits of material;
c)   Unintentional disengagement of the load from the hook.
The requirements of this European Standard are stated in the main body of the document and are applicable to hook designs in general. The hook body and shank designs listed in Annexes A, B and G are only examples and should not be referred to as requirements of this European Standard.
This European Standard is applicable to cranes, which are manufactured after the date of approval of this European Standard by CEN, and serves as a reference base for product standards of particular crane types.
NOTE 2   This part of EN 13001 deals only with the limit state method in accordance with EN 13001-1.

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ISO 11031:2016 establishes general methods for calculating seismic loads to be used as defined in the ISO 8686 series and for proof of competence as defined in ISO 20332, for the structure and mechanical components of cranes as defined in ISO 4306. ISO 11031:2016 evaluates dynamic response behaviour of a crane subjected to seismic excitation as a function of the dynamic characteristics of the crane and of its supporting structure. The evaluation takes into account dynamic effects both of regional seismic conditions and of the local conditions on the surface of the ground at the crane location. The operational conditions of the crane and the risks resulting from seismic damage to the crane are also taken into account. It is restricted to the serviceability limit state (SLS), maintaining stresses within the elastic range in accordance with ISO 20332. It does not extend to proofs of competence which include plastic deformations. When these are permitted by agreement between crane supplier and customer, other standards or relevant literature taking them into account can be used.

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ISO 4301-1:2016 establishes a general classification of cranes and mechanisms based on the service conditions, mainly expressed by the following: - the total number of working cycles to be carried out during the specified design life of the crane; - the load spectrum factor which represents the relative frequencies of loads to be handled; - the average displacements.

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ISO 20332:2016 sets forth general conditions, requirements, methods, and parameter values for performing proof-of-competence determinations of the steel structures of cranes based upon the limit state method. It is intended to be used together with the loads and load combinations of the applicable parts of ISO 8686. ISO 20332:2016 is general and covers cranes of all types. Other International Standards can give specific proof-of-competence requirements for particular crane types. Proof-of-competence determinations, by theoretical calculations and/or testing, are intended to prevent hazards related to the performance of the structure by establishing the limits of strength, e.g. yield, ultimate, fatigue, and brittle fracture. According to ISO 8686‑1 there are two general approaches to proof-of-competence calculations: the limit state method, employing partial safety factors, and the allowable stress method, employing a global safety factor. Though it does not preclude the validity of allowable stress methodology, ISO 20332 deals only with the limit state method. Proof-of-competence calculations for components of accessories (e.g. handrails, stairs, walkways, cabins) are not covered by this International Standard. However, the influence of such attachments on the main structure needs to be considered.

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ISO 10571:2016 specifies the designation, dimensions, load ratings and reference speed for tyres and rims fitted to vehicles, such as all-terrain equipment, mobile cranes, crash tenders, etc., likely to operate on highway over long distances at reference speed and under constant load.

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ISO 9926-3:2016 covers the specific subjects considered necessary for training tower crane operators.

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ISO 8566-2:2016 establishes the criteria for cabins for mobile cranes as defined in ISO 4306‑2. These criteria are intended to cover cabins only for crane operation and not for road travel. The general criteria for cabins on mobile cranes are presented in ISO 8566‑1.

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ISO 17096:2015 specifies safety requirements for the following non-fixed load lifting attachments for cranes, hoists, and manually controlled load manipulating devices as defined in Clause 3: - plate clamps; - vacuum lifters; - self priming, - non-self-priming (pump, venturi, turbine); - electric lifting magnets (battery-fed and main-fed); - permanent lifting magnets; - electro-permanent lifting magnets; - lifting beams/spreader beams; - C-hooks; - lifting forks; - clamps. ISO 17096:2015 does not specify the additional requirements for the following: a) load lifting attachments in direct contact with foodstuffs or pharmaceuticals requiring a high level of cleanliness for hygiene reasons; b) hazards resulting from handling hazardous materials (e.g. explosives, hot molten masses, radiating materials); c) hazards caused by operation in an explosive atmosphere; d) hazards caused by noise; e) electrical hazards; f) hazards due to hydraulic and pneumatic components. ISO 17096:2015 does not cover attachments intended to lift people. ISO 17096:2015 does not cover slings, ladles, expanding mandrels, buckets, grabs or grab buckets, and container spreaders.

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This European Standard specifies general principles and requirements to be used together with EN 13001 2 and EN 13001 3 series of standards, and as such they specify conditions and requirements on design to prevent mechanical hazards of cranes, and a method of verification of those requirements.
NOTE   Specific requirements for particular types of crane are given in the appropriate European Standard for the particular crane type.
The following is a list of significant hazardous situations and hazardous events that could result in risks to persons during normal use and foreseeable misuse. Clause 4 of this European Standard is necessary to reduce or eliminate the risks associated with the following hazards:
a)   instability of the crane or its parts (tilting);
b)   exceeding the limits of strength (yield, ultimate, fatigue);
c)   elastic instability of the crane or its parts (buckling, bulging);
d)   exceeding temperature limits of material or components;
e)   exceeding the deformation limits.
This European Standard is applicable to cranes which are manufactured after the date of approval by CEN of this standard and serves as reference base for the European Standards for particular crane types.

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