1.1   This document specifies safety requirements and measures for all types and sizes of Mobile Elevating Work Platform (MEWP, see 3.1) intended to move persons to working positions where they are carrying out work from the work platform (WP) with the intention that persons are getting on and off the work platform only at access positions at ground level or on the chassis.
This document also covers static elevating work platforms of group B (see 1.4).
NOTE   Machines designed for the handling of goods which are equipped with work platforms as interchangeable equipment are regarded as MEWPs.
1.2   This document is applicable to the structural design calculations and stability criteria, construction, safety examinations and tests before MEWPs are first put into service. It identifies the hazards arising from the use of MEWPs and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards.
It does not cover the hazards arising from:
a)   use in potentially explosive atmospheres;
b)   electromagnetic incompatibility;
c)   work from the platform on external live electric systems;
d)   use of compressed gases for load bearing components;
e)   getting on and off the work platform at changing levels;
f)   specific applications (e.g. railway, ships) covered by National or local regulations.
1.3   This document does not apply to:
a)   machinery serving fixed landings (see e.g. EN 81-1 and EN 81-2, EN 12159);
b)   fire-fighting and fire rescue appliances (see e.g. EN 1777);
c)   unguided work cages suspended from lifting appliances (see e.g. EN 1808);
d)   elevating operator position on rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment (see EN 528);
e)   tail lifts (see EN 1756-1 and EN 1756-2);
f)   mast climbing work platforms (see EN 1495);
g)   fairground equipment;
h)   lifting tables (see EN 1570-1 and EN 1570-2);
i)   aircraft ground support equipment (see e.g. EN 1915-1 and EN 1915-2);
j)   elevating operator positions on industrial trucks (see EN 1726-2).
1.4   Classification:
MEWPs are divided into two main groups:
a)   Group A:   MEWPs where the vertical projection of the centre of the area of the platform in all platform configurations at the maximum chassis inclination specified by the manufacturer is always inside the tipping lines.
b)   Group B:   All other MEWPs.
Relating to travelling, MEWPs are divided into three types:
1)   Type 1:   Travelling is only allowed with the MEWP in its transport configuration;
2)   Type 2:    Travelling with raised work platform is controlled from a point of control at the                   chassis;
3)   Type 3:   Travelling with raised work platform is controlled from a point of control at the work             platform.
NOTE   Type 2 and type 3 can be combined.

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1.1   This standard deals with power operated temporarily installed builders hoists (referred to as "hoists" in this standard) intended for use by persons who are permitted to enter sites of engineering and construction, serving landing levels, having a load carrying device:
-   designed for the transportation of goods only;
-   guided;
-   travelling vertically or along a path within 15 degrees max. of the vertical;
-   supported or sustained by drum driven wire rope, chain, rack and pinion, hydraulic jack (direct or indirect), or an expanding linkage mechanism;
-   where masts, when erected, may or may not require support from separate structures;
-   which permits the access of instructed persons during loading and unloading;
-   which are driven by appointed persons;
-   which permits, if necessary, during erection, dismantling, maintenance and inspection, the access and travel by persons who are competent and authorised.
1.2   The standard identifies hazards as listed in clause 4 which arise during the various phases in the life of such equipment and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards when used as intended by the manufacturer.
1.3   This European standard does not specify the additional requirements for:
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, strong magnetic fields);
-   lightning protection;
-   operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres);
-   electromagnetic compatibility (emission, immunity);
-   handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids/bases, radiating materials, fragile loads);
-   the use of combustion engines;
-   the use of remote controls;
-   hazards occurring during manufacture;
-   hazards occurring as a result of mobility;
-   hazards occurring as a result of being erected over a public road;
-   earthquakes;
-   noise.
1.4   This standard is not applicable to
-   builders hoists for persons and materials;
-   lifts according to EN 8

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This document, which shall be used in conjunction with EN 280-1:– , specifies the additional safety requirements for MEWPs of Type 1 equipped with a load lifting appliance. The load lifting appliance is designed for lifting suspended loads directly in support of the task being carried out by personal from the work platform. This European Standard deals with the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the lifting of loads outside the scope of EN 280-1:–1), when the MEWP and load lifting appliance are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer of the MEWP. The significant hazards covered by this standard are listed in Clause 4.
This European Standard does not cover the following:
a)   the use of a MEWP for lifting persons as a suspended load;
b)   the use of a MEWP for lifting suspended loads from a control position other than the work platform;
NOTE   Where a control position other than the work platform is used the relevant crane standards (e.g. EN 13000, EN 12999) apply.
c)   requirements for lifting accessories;
d)   raising or lowering of suspended loads for general materials handling as carried out by a crane.
Load lifting devices can be:
a)   fixed load attachment points on the work platform or on the extending lifting structure;
b)   lifting equipment for raising or lowering the load with a stationary platform. The equipment is attached to the work platform or extending structure and may have a jib.
NOTE   The lifting equipment can be either permanently attached or interchangeable.

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This European Standard gives safety requirements, and the means of verification, for the design and construction of mobile yarders for logging of forest products and their mounting. It counts for all logging operations with cable yarders both in sloped and flat terrain. In addition, it specifies the type of information on safe working practices (including residual risks) to be provided by the manufacturer.
It deals with the significant hazards (as listed in Table 1), hazardous situations and events relevant to mobile yarders used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see Clauses 4 and 5).
It is not applicable to:
-   rope splicing,
-   ancillary loaders or cable cranes,
-   cableways for material transport (other than wood), and
-   skidder winches (skidding).
The specifications of cabin in this context are only relevant for the yarder or a yarder-loader combination. The cabin and the chassis of the vehicle (prime mover), to which the yarder is mounted are not part of this document.
The Document deals with all the significant hazards (as listed in Table 1), hazardous situations and events relevant to mobile yarders when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clauses 4 and 5). This document is not applicable to mobile yarders manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This document specifies safety requirements for design of tail lifts as defined in 3.1 for mounting on wheeled goods vehicles. It also specifies the verification of such tail lifts and the safety information that has to be provided for their use.
This document deals with the technical requirements to minimize the hazards listed in Clause 4 which can arise during the operation of tail lifts when carried out in accordance with the specifications as intended by the manufacturer or his authorized representative.
It applies to tail lifts:
-   used for the purpose of loading and/or unloading such vehicles;
-   intended to be fitted, temporarily or permanently, either inside or on the front, side or rear of the wheeled vehicle;
-   driven either by hand or electric powered;
-   equipped with a platform to support loads which comprise goods, an operator, or a combination of the two;
-   with a maximum lifting height not exceeding 3 m above ground when the platform is unloaded;
-   rotary type with a maximum lifting height not exceeding 2 m;
-   used as a link bridge when intended by the manufacturer.
NOTE   A tail lift is not to be confused with a link bridge attached to a loading dock which is included within the definition of a dock leveller and is outside the scope of this document.
Loading and/or unloading operations include the use of a tail lift to lift and/or lower loads.
This document does not establish the additional requirements for:
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as freezer applications, high temperatures, corrosive environment, tropical environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields);
-   operations subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres);
-   supply by electrical networks and the electrical circuit;
-   power take off part of the system;
-   electronic equipment;
-   electromagnetic compatibility (emission-immunity);
-   static electricity problems;
-   handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids/bases, radiating materials, especially brittle loads);
-   hazards occurring during installation, transportation, decommissioning;
-   hazards occurring when handling suspended loads which may swing freely;
-   requirement related to the use on public roads;
-   wind pressure in and out of use;
-   direct contact with foodstuffs;
-   earthquake;
-   lightning;
This document is not applicable to tail lifts manufactured before the publication of this document.

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1.1   This European Standard, when used together with EN ISO 4254 1 and EN 15811, specifies safety requirements and measures for self-propelled rough-terrain work platforms for orchard’s operations (WPO) operating at a maximum of 3 m high as defined in 3.1, where the vertical projection of the centre of the area of the platform in all platform configurations at the maximum chassis inclination specified by the manufacturer is always inside the tipping lines, used in agriculture, designed to work on unimproved natural terrain and/or disturbed terrain and intended to move at least two persons to working positions in an orchard where they are carrying out fruit picking, thinning out, pruning, or other operations related to orchard from the work platform.
NOTE   For examples of rough-terrain work platforms for orchard’s operations (WPO), see Figures E. 1 to E.3.
This European Standard describes methods for the elimination or reduction of hazards arising from the intended use of these machines in the course of normal operation and service, except hazards related to conveyor belts and elevators for the bin. In addition, it specifies the type of information on safe working practices (including residual risks) to be provided by the manufacturer.
When requirements of this document are different from those which are stated in EN ISO 4254 1, the requirements of this document take precedence over the requirements of EN ISO 4254 1 for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this document.
This European Standard, taken together with EN ISO 4254 1 and EN 15811, deals with all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events (as listed in Table 1) relevant to WPOs, when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse foreseeable by the manufacturer.
It does not cover the hazards arising from:
a)   use in potentially explosive atmospheres;
b)   getting on and off the work platform at changing levels;
c)   environmental aspects;
d)   road safety.
1.2   This European Standard does not apply to:
a)   Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWPs) (see EN 280);
NOTE 1   Figure E.4 gives an example of this type of machine.
b)   boom-type MEWPs (see EN 280);
NOTE 2   Figure E.5 and E.6 give examples of this type of machine.
c)   tail lifts (see EN 1756-1 and EN 1756-2);
d)   mast climbing work platforms (see EN 1495);
e)   lifting tables (see EN 1570-1);
f)   aircraft ground support equipment (see e.g. EN 1915-1 and EN 1915-2);
g)   elevating operator positions on industrial trucks (see EN 1726-2);
h)   unguided work cages suspended from lifting appliances (see e.g. EN 1808);
i)    machines having centre of the area of the platform outside the tipping lines.
NOTE 3   Figure E.7 gives an example of this type of machine.

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This document specifies the design, calculations, safety requirements and test methods for mobile elevating work platforms (MEWPs) with non-conductive (insulating) components. It is intended to be used in conjunction with ISO 16368. It is applicable to all types and sizes of MEWPs with non-conductive (insulating) components, including dielectric components designed and tested to meet the specific electrical properties consistent with the manufacturer's identification plate. This equipment is intended to move persons, tools and equipment to working positions where they can carry out work from a work platform located above a non-conductive (insulating) boom section. This document covers structural design calculations and the application of stability criteria, construction, safety examinations and tests done before MEWPs with non-conductive (insulating) components are first put into service. Annex A identifies the hazards arising from the use of MEWPs with non-conductive (insulating) components and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards. MEWPs covered in this document are not intended to have any of their components make contact with live parts of electrical installations. The electrical properties of a MEWP's non-conducting (insulating) components can provide electrical protection in case of inadvertent contact above the non-conductive boom component at the platform end. If a MEWP is equipped with a chassis insulating system, it can provide electrical protection for ground personnel in case of inadvertent contact above that system. This document is not applicable to MEWPs designed for or capable of operating in live working conditions (see IEC 61057). The electrical insulation level is limited to voltages experienced in electrical distribution systems 46 kV and below.

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This document specifies the performance requirements, location, marking and method of operation related to operator's controls on mobile elevating work platforms (hereafter referred to as MEWPs) and takes into account operator safety and ergonomics. It applies to all controls used by an operator and includes provisions for finger, thumb, hand, and foot operated controls.

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This document specifies requirements for lifting sets for use with containers in offshore service,
including technical requirements, marking and statements of conformity for single and multi-leg slings,
including chain slings and wire rope slings.

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This document is applicable to insulating aerial devices for mounting on a chassis, to be used
for live working on electrical installations at nominal voltages above 1 000V r.m.s. AC in the
range 45 Hz to 65 Hz and 1 500V DC.
The primary purpose of an aerial device is for work positioning of personnel. Other devices,
such as jibs, may be fitted in order to assist the operator in performing the work.
This document also includes requirements and tests for the parts of the chassis influencing
the performance of the insulating aerial devices to be used for live working.
When mounted on a chassis, the insulating aerial device becomes a component of a mobile
elevating work platform (MEWP). Complementary requirements for the resulting MEWP are
included in ISO 16368.
NOTE 1 In Europe, EN 280 instead of ISO 16368 is often used as reference for complementary requirements.
The products designed and manufactured according to this document contribute to the safety
of users, provided they are used by skilled persons, in accordance with safe methods of work
and the instructions for use.
NOTE 2 Any requirements that are in conflict with or are meant to be complementary to ISO 16368 are delineated
herein.
Radial boom (digger) derricks are not covered by this document.

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This draft European Standard specifies requirements, test methods, marking and information supplied by the manufacturer for rescue lifting devices. Rescue lifting devices conforming to this draft European Standard are used as components of rescue systems.
Rescue lifting devices in accordance with this draft European Standard may be combined with other components, e.g. descender devices for rescue (EN 341) or retractable type fall arresters (EN 360).

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1.1   This European Standard specifies the safety requirements applicable to slow-speed platform lifts presenting the following characteristics:
   serving 2 or more set levels of a building or construction structure;
   able to cross landings;
   designed exclusively for lifting or lowering loads;
   only accessible to operators during the loading/unloading phases;
   with a travel speed of no more than 0.15 m/s;
   useable solely by people who have been authorized and briefed;
   permanently installed.
1.2   This European Standard deals with all significant hazards pertinent to slow-speed platform lifts when used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see Article 4). This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures for eliminating and reducing the risks arising from the significant hazards.
1.3   This European Standard does not apply to the following equipment:
   permanently and/or temporarily installed platform lifts, serving specific levels of a building, with a vertical travel speed exceeding 0.15 m/s (EN 81-31);
   lifting tables serving no more than two set levels of a building and not crossing a landing (EN 1570-1);
   lift platforms designed for mobility-impaired persons (EN 81-40 and prEN 81 41);
   platform lifts used on ships;
   lifts designed for lifting artists and stage set features during artistic performances;
   lifts driven by pusher chains.

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This European Standard specifies requirements, test methods, marking and information supplied by the manufacturer for rescue lifting devices. Rescue lifting devices conforming to this European Standard are used as components of rescue systems.
Rescue lifting devices in accordance with this European Standard may be combined with other components, e.g. descender devices for rescue (EN 341) or retractable type fall arresters (EN 360).

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1.1   This European Standard specifies the safety requirements applicable to slow-speed platform lifts presenting the following characteristics:
   serving 2 or more set levels of a building or construction structure;
   able to cross landings;
   designed exclusively for lifting or lowering loads;
   only accessible to operators during the loading/unloading phases;
   with a travel speed of no more than 0.15 m/s;
   useable solely by people who have been authorized and briefed;
   permanently installed.
1.2   This European Standard deals with all significant hazards pertinent to slow-speed platform lifts when used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see Article 4). This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures for eliminating and reducing the risks arising from the significant hazards.
1.3   This European Standard does not apply to the following equipment:
   permanently and/or temporarily installed platform lifts, serving specific levels of a building, with a vertical travel speed exceeding 0.15 m/s (EN 81-31);
   lifting tables serving no more than two set levels of a building and not crossing a landing (EN 1570-1);
   lift platforms designed for mobility-impaired persons (EN 81-40 and prEN 81 41);
   platform lifts used on ships;
   lifts designed for lifting artists and stage set features during artistic performances;
   lifts driven by pusher chains.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements, test methods, marking and information to be provided by the manufacturer/supplier for Suspended Access Equipment (SAE).
It is applicable to both permanent and temporary equipment which may be powered or hand operated and which are defined in Section 4.
The requirements of this standard include the rails, tracks and other support systems on which SAE depend for their integrity and safety as well as taking into account all associated loads and fixings to the building structure.
This European Standard deals with significant hazards pertinent to SAE when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see Section 4). This European Standard specifies appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards.

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1.1   Application
This European Standard specifies the requirements, test methods, marking and information to be provided by the manufacturer/supplier for Suspended Access Equipment (SAE).
It is applicable to both permanent and temporary equipment which may be powered or hand operated and which are defined in Clause 3.
The requirements of this standard include the rails, tracks and other support systems on which SAE depend for their integrity and safety as well as taking into account all associated loads and fixings to the building structure.
This document is not applicable to Suspended Access Equipment which is manufactured before the date of its publication as EN.
1.2   Hazards
This European Standard deals with significant hazards pertinent to SAE when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see Clause 4). This European Standard specifies appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards.
1.3   Exclusions
The following are not covered in this document:
a)   operation in severe and special conditions (e.g. extreme environmental conditions, corrosive environments, strong magnetic fields);
b)   operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, work on live overhead electrical lines);
c)   transportation of passengers from one level to another;
d)   handling of loads which could lead to a dangerous situation (e.g. molten metal, acids/bases, radioactive materials);
e)   working platforms suspended by cranes;
f)   silo access equipment;
g)   SAE using chains for the direct suspension of a platform;
h)   SAE using fibre ropes for the suspension of a platform;
i)   SAE intended to be used underground;
j)   SAE intended to be used in shafts;
k)   SAE directly powered by combustion engines.

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1.1   This European Standard specifies the safety requirements for industrial lifting tables for raising and/or lowering goods and the operator(s):
-   where the lifting table does not pass a fixed landing;
-   serving not more than 2 fixed landings.
1.2   This European Standard deals with all significant hazards pertinent to lifting tables when they are used as intended by the operating instructions and under the conditions foreseen (including foreseeable misuse) with the operating instructions (see Clause 4). This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce the risks arising from the significant hazards.
1.3   Both power operated and manually operated lifting tables are included whether stationary or mobile.
1.4    This European Standard does not apply to the following equipment:
-   lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a building, for lifting goods with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-2);
-   lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a building for lifting operators, with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-3);
-   lifting tables carrying operators and installed in full enclosures (EN 1570-3);
-   permanently and temporarily installed lifting tables, serving specific levels of a building for lifting operators, with a vertical travel speed exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 81-1 and EN 81-2);
-   lifting tables with flat or toothed belts lifting systems for the carrying of operators;
-   lifting tables whose vertical travel speed exceeds 0,15 m/s (unless safe by position and non person carrying);
-   power operated lifting platforms for persons with impaired mobility (EN 81-41);
-   mobile lifting tables for airport ground support equipment (EN 1915-2 and EN 12312 1);
-   lifting tables which are designed as part of a lift according to Directive (95/16/EC);
-   lifting tables used on ships;
-   mobile elevating work platforms (EN 280);
-   static elevating work platforms;
-   vehicle lifts for maintenance (EN 1493);
-   mobile lifting tables used for fire fighting (EN 1777);
-   mobile lifting tables used as fork lift trucks and order pickers;
-   mobile lifting tables with a horizontal travelling speed of more than 1,6 m/s;
-   rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment (EN 528);
-   theatre stage lifts intended to move performers;
-   scissor lift pallet trucks (EN ISO 3691 5);
-   suspended lifting tables;
-   lifting tables operated by pushing chains.
1.5   This standard does not establish the additional requirements for:
-   electromagnetic compatibility;
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer applications, strong magnetic fields);
-   operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, mines);
-   handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids, radiating materials, especially brittle loads);
-   hazards occurring during construction, transportation and disposal;
-   equipment installed on the load platform or replacing it;
-   integration into systems or other machines, control from more than two control stations, etc.;
-   cable-less controls;
-   lifting tables where the hydraulic pressure is derived directly from gas pressure;
-   the power supply to the lifting table by internal combustion engine.

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1.1   This European Standard specifies the safety requirements for industrial lifting tables for raising and/or lowering goods and the operator(s):
-   where the lifting table does not pass a fixed landing;
-   serving not more than 2 fixed landings.
1.2   This European Standard deals with all significant hazards pertinent to lifting tables when they are used as intended by the operating instructions and under the conditions foreseen (including foreseeable misuse) with the operating instructions (see Clause 4). This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce the risks arising from the significant hazards.
1.3   Both power operated and manually operated lifting tables are included whether stationary or mobile.
1.4    This European Standard does not apply to the following equipment:
-   lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a building, for lifting goods with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-2);
-   lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a building for lifting operators, with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-3);
-   lifting tables carrying operators and installed in full enclosures (EN 1570-3);
-   permanently and temporarily installed lifting tables, serving specific levels of a building for lifting operators, with a vertical travel speed exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 81-1 and EN 81-2);
-   lifting tables with flat or toothed belts lifting systems for the carrying of operators;
-   lifting tables whose vertical travel speed exceeds 0,15 m/s (unless safe by position and non person carrying);
-   power operated lifting platforms for persons with impaired mobility (EN 81-41);
-   mobile lifting tables for airport ground support equipment (EN 1915-2 and EN 12312 1);
-   lifting tables which are designed as part of a lift according to Directive (95/16/EC);
-   lifting tables used on ships;
-   mobile elevating work platforms (EN 280);
-   static elevating work platforms;
-   vehicle lifts for maintenance (EN 1493);
-   mobile lifting tables used for fire fighting (EN 1777);
-   mobile lifting tables used as fork lift trucks and order pickers;
-   mobile lifting tables with a horizontal travelling speed of more than 1,6 m/s;
-   rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment (EN 528);
-   theatre stage lifts intended to move performers;
-   scissor lift pallet trucks (EN ISO 3691 5);
-   suspended lifting tables;
-   lifting tables operated by pushing chains.
1.5   This standard does not establish the additional requirements for:
-   electromagnetic compatibility;
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer applications, strong magnetic fields);
-   operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, mines);
-   handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids, radiating materials, especially brittle loads);
-   hazards occurring during construction, transportation and disposal;
-   equipment installed on the load platform or replacing it;
-   integration into systems or other machines, control from more than two control stations, etc.;
-   cable-less controls;
-   lifting tables where the hydraulic pressure is derived directly from gas pressure;
-   the power supply to the lifting table by internal combustion engine.

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ISO 18893:2014 applies to all mobile elevating work platforms (MEWPs) that are intended to position persons, tools and materials and which, as a minimum, consists of a work platform with controls, an extending structure and a chassis. The technical safety requirements of this International Standard apply except where national or local regulations are more stringent. For related information, see ISO 16368. This International Standard applies to MEWPs to achieve the following objectives: a) prevention of personal injuries, property damage, and accidents; b) establishment of criteria for inspection, maintenance, and operation.

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ISO 18878:2013 provides methods for preparing training materials and administering standardized training to operators (drivers) of mobile elevating work platforms (MEWPs). It is applicable to MEWPs, as defined in ISO 16368, intended to move persons, tools and materials to positions where they can carry out work from the work platform.

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This European Standard deals with power operated temporarily installed builders hoists (referred to as "hoists" in this standard) intended for use by persons who are permitted to enter sites of engineering and construction, serving landing levels, having a cage: - designed for the transportation of persons or of persons and materials; - guided; - travelling vertically or along a path within 15° max. of the vertical; - supported or sustained by drum driven wire rope, rack and pinion, or an expanding linkage mechanism; - where masts, when erected, may or may not require support from separate structures. The European Standard identifies hazards as listed in Clause 4 which arise during the various phases in the life of such equipment and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards when used as intended by the manufacturer.

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ISO 16653:2011 specifies the design, calculations, safety requirements and test methods relevant to mobile elevating work platforms (MEWPs) suitable for orchard operations. It is intended to be used in conjunction with ISO 16368, whose requirements it modifies, supplements or confirms. ISO 16653:2011 specifies the structural design calculations and stability criteria, construction, safety examinations and tests to be carried out before a MEWP to be used in orchard operations is first put into service. It identifies the hazards arising from the use of MEWPs in orchard operations and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of those hazards. It is applicable to single-person boom-type MEWPs, controlled from the platform and used to move a person to working positions for picking fruit and maintaining trees and trellis vines in an orchard.

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This European Standard applies to stationary, mobile and movable vehicle lifts, which are not intended to lift persons but which are designed to raise vehicles totally, for the purpose of examining and working on or under the vehicles whilst in a raised position. The vehicle lift may consist of one or more lifting-units. Power supply to the vehicle lift by internal combustion engines is not considered. The floor or ground supporting the vehicle lift in use is assumed to be horizontal. This document is applicable to vehicle lifts which are manufactured 1/2 year after the date of its publication as EN.

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This standard deals with power operated temporarily installed builders hoists intended for use by persons who are permitted to enter sites of engineering and construction, serving either one upper landing or a work area extending to the end of the guides, (e.g. a roof) having a load carrying device (lcd): - which is intended for the transportation of goods only; - where it is forbidden for persons to step upon it at any time; - which is guided; - which is designed to travel at an angle of at least 30 degrees to the vertical but may be used at any angle between the vertical and the maximum inclination as specified by the manufacturer; - which is sustained by steel wire rope and a positive drive system; - which is controlled by hold-to-run controls by the operator; - which does not benefit from the use of any counterweight; - which has a maximum rated load of 300 kg; - which has a maximum speed of 1,00 m/s; and where the guides require support from separate structures. The standard identifies hazards as listed in clause 4, which arise during the various phases in the life of such equipment and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards when used as intended by the manufacturer. The safety requirements and/or measures of this standard deal with the design of the base frame, guide rails, lcd, drive unit, electrical and/or hydraulic installation and the control of the hoist. Included is the design of any guide rail support but not the design of the supporting structure (e.g. building or scaffold) and any ties. Other aspects such as base enclosure, the design of any concrete, hard core, timber or other foundation arrangement, hoistway protection and the upper landing are dealt with in the users' manual section of this standard.

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This European Standard applies to stationary, mobile and movable vehicle lifts, which are not intended to lift persons but which are designed to raise vehicles totally, for the purpose of examining and working on or under the vehicles whilst in a raised position. The vehicle lift may consist of one or more lifting-units.
Power supply to the vehicle lift by internal combustion engines is not considered.
The floor or ground supporting the vehicle lift in use is assumed to be horizontal.
This document is not applicable to vehicle lifts which are manufactured ½ year after the date of its publication as EN.

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TC - Modifications on the English mother version and on the French reference version regarding formulae in Subclause A.1.1.2.

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ISO 16368:2010 specifies safety requirements and preventive measures, and the means for their verification, for all types and sizes of mobile elevating work platforms (MEWPs) intended for moving persons to working positions. It gives the structural design calculations and stability criteria, construction, safety examinations and security tests to be applied before a MEWP is first put into service, identifies the hazards arising from the use of MEWPs and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of those hazards.

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TC - Deletion of the last paragraph in Clause 1 (not part of Amendment text) and deletion of text in 5.12.9.1 which conflicts with the new text added in 5.2.5
2013: Originator of XML version: first setup pilot of CCMC in 2012

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TC - Modifications on the English mother version and on the French reference version regarding formulae in Subclause A.1.1.2.
2013: Originator of XML version: first setup pilot of CCMC in 2012

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This standard specifies the special safety requirements for Mast Climbing Work Platforms (MCWP) which are temporarily installed and are manually or power operated and which are designed to be used by one or more persons from which to carry out work. The vertical moving components (work platform) are also used to move those same persons and their equipment and materials to and from a single boarding point. These restrictions differentiate MCWPs from Builder's hoists. The standard can also be used for permanently installed MCWP. This standard is applicable to work platforms elevated by rack and pinion and guided by and moving along their supporting masts, where the masts may or may not require lateral restraint from separate supporting structures. This standard is applicable to any combination of the following alternatives: One or more masts; Mast tied or untied; Mast of fixed or variable length; Masts vertical or inclined between 0° and 30° to the vertical; Masts which are standing or hanging; Movable or static base (chassis, or base frame); Manually or power operated elevation; Towed or self powered ground travel on site, excluding road traffic regulation requirements; Driven using electric, pneumatic or hydraulic motors. This standard identifies the hazards arising during the various phases in the life of such equipment and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards and for the use of safe working practices.

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Part 2 of standard EN 1756 specifies safety requirements for design of tail lifts as defined in 3.1 for mounting on wheeled passenger vehicles. Vehicles for the loading of disabled passengers onto aircraft and ships are included within the scope of the standard (although dock-mounted lifts are excluded). It also specifies the verification of such tail lifts and the safety information that shall be provided for their use. This document deals with the technical requirements to minimise the hazards listed in clause 4 which can arise during the operation of tail lifts when carried out in accordance with the specifications as intended by the manufacturer or his authorised representative. It applies to passenger tail lifts: used for the purpose of embarking and/or disembarking passengers to and from such vehicles; intended to be fitted, temporarily or permanently, either inside or on the front, side or rear of the wheeled vehicle; driven either by hand or by electric power; equipped with a platform to support passengers who may be pedestrians or riders in wheelchairs and may be accompanied by an attendant. Embarking and/or disembarking operations include the use of a tail lift to lift and/or lower passengers, and if specifically approved by the manufacturer, for use as a link bridge. The standard covers the significant hazards which could occur when a tail lift is used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. A list of significant hazards is given in clause 4. This document is not applicable to tail lifts which are manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

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This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimise the risks due to the hazards listed in clause 4, which can arise during installation1, operation and maintenance of permanently installed equipment and systems for the power driven parking of motor vehicles, as defined in 3.1 to 3.4 below. Requirements are also given on the provision of information for use, which includes requirements for the drafting of the instructions. Electromagnetic compatibility requirements are also covered. This European Standard applies to equipment and systems for the power driven parking of motor vehicles which have four wheels, are within a maximum size envelope of 5,30 m long, by 2,30 m wide, by 2,20 m high and have a mass less than 2500 kg. The equipment can be manually or automatically controlled.

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This European Standard is applicable to the design, information for use, maintenance and testing of power driven winches for which the prime mover is an electric motor, hydraulic motor, internal combustion motor or pneumatic motor. They are designed for the lifting and lowering of loads which are suspended on hooks or other load handling devices or for the lifting and lowering of loads on inclined planes or the exclusive pulling of loads on planes which are normally horizontal.
NOTE   Within the period of utilization, the place of use of a winch may be variable.
As a rule, a winch is used without any additional transport movement.
This European Standard is applicable to the following types of winch:
a)   rope winches;
b)   chain winches;
c)   belt winches, except steel belts used as hoisting media;
d)   traction winches.
These types of winches a) to d) also include the following specific applications:
-   vehicle recovery winches;
-   winches on boat trailers;
-   forestry winches;
-   winches for stationary offshore applications;
-   winches for drilling applications;
-   winches to be used exclusively for the pulling of loads.
NOTE   Examples are shown in Annex A.
This European Standard does not apply to:
-   power-driven hoists in accordance with EN 14492-2;
-   winches for seagoing vessels and mobile offshore units;
-   winches for the lifting of persons;
-   NGL building hoists in accordance with EN 14492-2;
-   winches for the handling of hot molten masses (risk covered by EN 14492-2).
The significant hazards covered by this European Standard are identified in Clause 4.
This European Standard does not specify additional requirements for hazards related to the use of winches in explosive atmospheres in underground works.
This document applies to winches manufactured after approval by CEN with a transitional period of 2 years.

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1.1   This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimise the risks due to the hazards listed in clause 4, which can arise during installation , operation and maintenance of permanently installed equipment and systems for the power driven parking of motor vehicles, as defined in 3.1 to 3.4 below. Requirements are also given on the provision of information for use, which includes requirements for the drafting of the instructions. Electromagnetic compatibility requirements are also covered.
1.2   This European Standard applies to equipment and systems for the power driven parking of motor vehicles which have four wheels, are within a maximum size envelope of 5,30 m long, by 2,30 m wide, by 2,20 m high and have a mass less than 2500 kg. The equipment can be manually or automatically controlled.
1.3   This standard does not cover:
a)   vehicle lifts (see EN 1493);
b)   peripheral devices, which do not handle motor vehicles, e.g. parking meters, ticket machines;
c)   requirements related to the building even if they support directly stored vehicles;
d)   goods only lifts in accordance with EN 81-31;
e)   power driven parking equipment intended for lifting and/or transporting any person;
f)   transmission and interface of remote controls;
g)   automatic parking equipment with transfer areas which move;
h)   the use of power driven parking equipment by wheelchair users and deaf persons;
i)   the workplace of any attendant.
1.4   This standard does not deal with the following:
a)   hazards arising if loads, or other items fall from vehicles;
b)   hazards arising if fuel or oil leaks from vehicles;
c)   hazards caused by operating the equipment/system in electromagnetic fields outside the range of
EN 61000-6-2;
d)   hazards caused by operating the equipment/system in areas subject to special regulations (e.g. explosive atmospheres, fire risks);
e)   hazards caused by the use of dangerous/toxic materials, e.g. special hydraulic oil;
f)   hazards caused by noise;
g)   (....)

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This standard specifies the special safety requirements for Mast Climbing Work Platforms (MCWP) which are temporarily installed and are manuelly or power operated and which are designed to be used by one or more persons from which to carry out work. The vertical moving components (work platform) are also used to move those same persons and their equipmenet and materials to and from a single boarding point. These restrictions differentiate MCWPs from Builder's hoists.

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Part 2 of standard EN 1756 specifies safety requirements for design of tail lifts as defined in 3.1 for mounting on wheeled passenger vehicles.
Vehicles for the loading of disabled passengers onto aircraft and ships are included within the scope of the standard (although dock-mounted lifts are excluded).
It also specifies the verification of such tail lifts and the safety information that shall be provided for their use.
This document deals with the technical requirements to minimise the hazards listed in clause 4 which can arise during the operation of tail lifts when carried out in accordance with the specifications as intended by the manufacturer or his authorised representative.
It applies to passenger tail lifts:
-   used for the purpose of embarking and/or disembarking passengers to and from such vehicles;
-   intended to be fitted, temporarily or permanently, either inside or on the front, side or rear of the wheeled vehicle;
-   driven either by hand or by electric power;
-   equipped with a platform to support passengers who may be pedestrians or riders in wheelchairs and may be accompanied by an attendant.
Embarking and/or disembarking operations include the use of a tail lift to lift and/or lower passengers, and if specifically approved by the manufacturer, for use as a link bridge.
The standard covers the significant hazards which could occur when a tail lift is used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer.  A list of significant hazards is given in clause 4.
This document is not applicable to tail lifts which are manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

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ISO 20381:2009 establishes general graphic symbols for the operator controls and other displays of mobile elevating work platforms (MEWP).

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This European Standard specifies technical safety requirements and measures for mobile or movable jacks (see 3.6) and associated lifting equipment. This European Standard deals with all significant hazards pertinent to mobile or movable jacks and associated lifting equipment when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards. This standard applies to lifting equipment (see 3.1) which are mobile or movable and designed to operate under the load, whether operated singulary or in multiples to partially or totally raise and lower loads or vehicles at one or more lifting points (excluding the lifting of persons) where working under the raised load is not permitted unless additional means of securing the load in position are in place. This standard does not establish additional requirements for - power drive by an internal combustion machine; - stability of the mobile or movable jacks and associated lifting equipment; - operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer application, strong magnetic fields); - operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, mines); - supply by electrical networks where the tolerances in voltage, frequency etc. differ from those in the public supplies; - static electric problems; - handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids, radiating materials, especially brittle loads); - hazards occurring during producing and decommissioning; - hazards occurring when using the lifting equipment on public roads; - wind pressure in and out of use; - direct contact with foodstuffs; - operation on sea ships. This standard applies e.g. to the following lifting equipment - mechanical jacks with or without claw; - hydraulic jacks with or without claw and with or without integrated pump, e. g. hydraulic trolley jacks, hydraulic transmission jacks, hydraulic pit jacks; - pneumatic jacks. This standard does not apply to a) jacks or stabilizers which are permanently fixed to a trailer or a container to support a trailer or container without the tractor-unit; b) hydraulic cylinders which are permanently fixed to the vehicle for tipping and/or tilting parts of it; c) support stands with the possibility for changing the lift height only without the load; d) hydraulic lifting equipment working with a maximum pressure exceeding 500 bar and where pump and cylinder are not integrated parts of the same equipment; e) jacks that are delivered with road vehicles for helping when a break-down occurs (including delivery of original spare parts).

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This European Standard specifies technical safety requirements and measures for mobile or movable jacks (see 3.6) and associated lifting equipment.
This European Standard deals with all significant hazards pertinent to mobile or movable jacks and associated lifting equipment when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards.
This standard applies to lifting equipment (see 3.1) which are mobile or movable and designed to operate under the load, whether operated singulary or in multiples to partially or totally raise and lower loads or vehicles at one or more lifting points (excluding the lifting of persons) where working under the raised load is not permitted unless additional means of securing the load in position are in place.
NOTE   Associated lifting equipment means lifting equipment which is similar to those defined in 3.1, but which does not fully comply with these definitions.
This standard does not establish additional requirements for
-   power drive by an internal combustion machine;
-   stability of the mobile or movable jacks and associated lifting equipment;
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer application, strong magnetic fields);
-   operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, mines);
-   supply by electrical networks where the tolerances in voltage, frequency etc. differ from those in the public supplies;
-   static electric problems;
-   handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids, radiating materials, especially brittle loads);
-   hazards occurring during producing and decommissioning;
-   hazards occurring when using the lifting equipment on public roads;
-   wind pressure in and out of use;
-   direct contact with foodstuffs;
-   operation on sea ships.
This standard appli

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ISO 16653-1:2008 specifies the safety requirements for mobile elevating work platforms (MEWPs) with guardrail systems. It is intended to be used in conjunction with ISO 16368. It is applicable to such MEWPs designed for applications requiring special access to specific work areas. These MEWPs can be either self-propelled or manually propelled and are used to elevate personnel to a level at which they can place, install or retrieve objects or material on a routine basis. To facilitate operator access to the work area, the retraction of a portion of the MEWP's work platform guardrail system(s) can be necessary. It is not applicable to powered industrial trucks used to pick and place stock or inventory.

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ISO 16369:2007 specifies particular safety requirements for mast-climbing work platforms (MCWP) which are temporarily installed and are manually or power-operated, and which are designed to be used by one or more persons from which to carry out work. ISO 16369:2007 is also applicable to permanently installed MCWPs. ISO 16369:2007 is applicable to work platforms which are elevated by a drive system and guided by and moved along their supporting masts, where the masts may or may not require lateral restraint from separate supporting structures. ISO 16369:2007 is applicable to any combination of the following alternatives: one or more masts; mast tied or untied; mast of fixed or variable length; masts vertical or inclined between 0o and 30o to the vertical; masts which are standing or hanging; movable or static base (chassis or base frame); manual or power-operated elevation; towed or self-powered ground travel on site, excluding road traffic regulation requirements; driven using electric, pneumatic, hydraulic motors or internal combustion engines. ISO 16369:2007 identifies the hazards arising during the various phases in the life of such equipment and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards and for the use of safe working practices. ISO 16369:2007 does not specify the requirements for dealing with the hazards involved in the manoeuvring, erection or dismantling, fixing or removing of any materials or equipment which are not part of the MCWP, nor does it deal with the handling of specific hazardous materials. ISO 16369:2007 does not specify the requirements for delivering persons and materials to fixed landing levels. Such equipment is referred to as lifts or hoists and is dealt with by other International Standards. ISO 16369:2007 does not apply to mobile elevating work platforms (MEWPs), suspended access equipment or lifting tables.

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1.1   This document specifies safety requirements and measures for all types and sizes of Mobile Elevating Work Platform (MEWP, see 3.1) intended to move persons to working positions where they are carrying out work from the work platform (WP) with the intention that persons are getting on and off the work platform only at access positions at ground level or on the chassis.
NOTE   Machines designed for the handling of goods which are equipped with work platforms as interchangeable equipment are regarded as MEWPs.
1.2   This document is applicable to the structural design calculations and stability criteria, construction, safety examinations and tests before MEWPs are first put into service. It identifies the hazards arising from the use of MEWPs and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards.
It does not cover the hazards arising from:
a)   use in potentially explosive atmospheres;
b)   work from the platform on external live electric systems;
c)   use of compressed gases for load bearing components;
d)   getting on and off the work platform at changing levels;
e)   specific applications (e.g. railway, ships) covered by National or local regulations.
1.3   This document does not apply to:
a)   machinery serving fixed landings (see e.g. EN 81-20:2020 and EN 81-50:2020, EN 12159:2012);
b)   fire-fighting and fire rescue appliances (see e.g. EN 1777:2010);
c)   unguided work cages suspended from lifting appliances (see e.g. EN 1808:2015);
d)   elevating operator position on rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment (see EN 528:2021);
e)   tail lifts (see EN 1756-1:2021 and EN 1756-2:2004+A1:2009);
f)   mast climbing work platforms (see EN 1495:1997+A2:2009);
g)   fairground equipment;
h)   lifting tables (see EN 1570-1:2011+A1:2014 and EN 1570-2:2016);
i)   aircraft ground support equipment (see e.g. EN 1915-1:2013 and EN 1915-2:2001+A1:2009);
j)   elevating operator positions on industrial trucks (see EN ISO 3691-3:2016).
1.4   Classification:
MEWPs are divided into two main groups:
a)   Group A: MEWPs where the vertical projection of the centre of the area of the platform in all platform configurations at the maximum chassis inclination specified by the manufacturer is always inside the tipping lines.
b)   Group B: All other MEWPs.
Relating to travelling, MEWPs are divided into three types:
1)   Type 1: Travelling is only allowed with the MEWP in its transport position;
2)   Type 2: Travelling with lifted work platform is controlled from a point of control at the chassis;
3)   Type 3: Travelling with lifted work platform is controlled from a point of control at the work platform.
NOTE   Type 2 and type 3 can be combined.

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This document, which is to be used in conjunction with EN 280-1:2022, specifies the additional safety requirements for MEWPs of Type 1 Group B equipped with a load lifting appliance. The load-lifting appliance is designed for lifting suspended loads only as part of the task being carried out by personnel from the work platform. This document deals with the additional hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to load lifting appliances either on the extending lifting structure or on the work platform, when the MEWP and load lifting appliance are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer of the MEWP. The significant hazards covered by this document are listed in Annex A.
This document does not cover the following:
a)   the use of a MEWP for lifting persons as a suspended load;
b)   the use of a MEWP for lifting suspended loads from a control position other than the work platform;
c)   requirements for lifting accessories;
d)   lifting or lowering of suspended loads for general materials handling as carried out by a crane;
e)   MEWPs compliant with EN 280-1:2022, 4.4.1.5 and/or 4.4.1.6 (enhanced stability and overload criteria);
f)   MEWPS others than Type1 Group B.
Load lifting appliance can be:
g)   fixed load attachment points on the work platform or on the extending lifting structure where the load can be positioned in reach of the personnel on the platform;
h)   lifting equipment for lifting or lowering the load with a stationary platform. The equipment is attached to the work platform or extending structure and may have a load lifting jib.
NOTE   The lifting equipment can be either permanently attached or removable.

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This document specifies safety requirements for design of tail lifts as defined in 3.1 for mounting on wheeled goods vehicles. It also specifies the verification of such tail lifts and the safety information that has to be provided for their use.
This document deals with the technical requirements to minimize the hazards listed in Clause 4 which can arise during the operation of tail lifts when carried out in accordance with the specifications as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer or his authorized representative.
It applies to tail lifts:
-   used for the purpose of loading and/or unloading such vehicles;
-   intended to be fitted, temporarily or permanently, either inside or on the front, side or rear of the wheeled vehicle;
-   driven either by hand or power operated;
-   equipped with a platform to support loads which comprise goods, an operator, or a combination of the two;
-   with a maximum lifting height not exceeding 3 m above ground when the platform is unloaded;
-   rotary type with a maximum lifting height not exceeding 2 m;
-   used as a link bridge when intended by the manufacturer.
NOTE   A tail lift is not to be confused with a link bridge attached to a loading dock which is included within the definition of a dock leveller and is outside the scope of this document.
Loading and/or unloading operations include the use of a tail lift to lift and/or lower loads.
This document does not establish the additional requirements for:
-   the risk of falling when operating under 2 m height;
-   overloading at vehicle floor level;
-   drive system with lead screw and nuts;
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as freezer applications, high temperatures, corrosive environment, tropical environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields);
-   operations subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres);
-   supply by electrical networks and the electrical circuit;
-   power take off part of the system;
-   electromagnetic compatibility (emission-immunity);
-   static electricity problems;
-   handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids/bases, radiating materials, especially brittle loads);
-   hazards occurring during installation, transportation, decommissioning;
-   hazards occurring when handling suspended loads which can swing freely;
-   requirement related to the use on public roads;
-   wind pressure in and out of use;
-   direct contact with foodstuffs;
-   earthquake;
-   lightning.
This document is not applicable to tail lifts manufactured before the publication of this document.

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1.1   This European Standard, when used together with EN ISO 4254 1 and EN 15811, specifies safety requirements and measures for self-propelled rough-terrain work platforms for orchard’s operations (WPO) operating at a maximum of 3 m high as defined in 3.1, where the vertical projection of the centre of the area of the platform in all platform configurations at the maximum chassis inclination specified by the manufacturer is always inside the tipping lines, used in agriculture, designed to work on unimproved natural terrain and/or disturbed terrain and intended to move at least two persons to working positions in an orchard where they are carrying out fruit picking, thinning out, pruning, or other operations related to orchard from the work platform.
NOTE   For examples of rough-terrain work platforms for orchard’s operations (WPO), see Figures E. 1 to E.3.
This European Standard describes methods for the elimination or reduction of hazards arising from the intended use of these machines in the course of normal operation and service, except hazards related to conveyor belts and elevators for the bin. In addition, it specifies the type of information on safe working practices (including residual risks) to be provided by the manufacturer.
When requirements of this document are different from those which are stated in EN ISO 4254 1, the requirements of this document take precedence over the requirements of EN ISO 4254 1 for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this document.
This European Standard, taken together with EN ISO 4254 1 and EN 15811, deals with all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events (as listed in Table 1) relevant to WPOs, when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse foreseeable by the manufacturer.
It does not cover the hazards arising from:
a)   use in potentially explosive atmospheres;
b)   getting on and off the work platform at changing levels;
c)   environmental aspects;
d)   road safety.
1.2   This European Standard does not apply to:
a)   Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWPs) (see EN 280);
NOTE 1   Figure E.4 gives an example of this type of machine.
b)   boom-type MEWPs (see EN 280);
NOTE 2   Figure E.5 and E.6 give examples of this type of machine.
c)   tail lifts (see EN 1756-1 and EN 1756-2);
d)   mast climbing work platforms (see EN 1495);
e)   lifting tables (see EN 1570-1);
f)   aircraft ground support equipment (see e.g. EN 1915-1 and EN 1915-2);
g)   elevating operator positions on industrial trucks (see EN 1726-2);
h)   unguided work cages suspended from lifting appliances (see e.g. EN 1808);
i)    machines having centre of the area of the platform outside the tipping lines.
NOTE 3   Figure E.7 gives an example of this type of machine.

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1.1   This European Standard deals with power operated temporarily installed builders hoists (referred to as "hoists" in this standard) intended for use by persons who are permitted to enter sites of engineering and construction, serving landing levels, having a cage:
-   designed for the transportation of persons or of persons and materials;
-   guided;
-   travelling vertically or along a path within 15° max. of the vertical;
-   supported or sustained by drum driven wire rope, rack and pinion, or an expanding linkage mechanism;
-   where masts, when erected, may or may not require support from separate structures.
1.2   The European Standard identifies hazards as listed in Clause 4 which arise during the various phases in the life of such equipment and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards when used as intended by the manufacturer.
1.3   This European Standard does not specify the additional requirements for:
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, strong magnetic fields);
-   lightning protection;
-   operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres);
-   electromagnetic compatibility (emission, immunity);
-   handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids/bases, radiating materials, fragile loads);
-   the use of combustion engines;
-   the use of remote controls;
-   hazards occurring during manufacture;
-   hazards occurring as a result of mobility;
-   hazards occurring as a result of being erected over a public road;
-   earthquakes.
1.4   This European Standard is not applicable to:
-   builders hoists for the transport of goods only EN 12158-1 and EN 12158-2;
-   lifts according to EN 81-1, EN 81-2, EN 81-3 and EN 81-43;
-   work cages suspended from lifting appliances;
-   work platforms carried on the forks of fork trucks;
-   work platforms EN 1495;
-   funiculars;
-   lifts specially designed for military purposes;
-   mine lifts;
-   theatre elevators;
-   builders hoists for persons and material with vertically guided cages which are manufactured before the date of its publication as EN;
-   hoists with hydraulic drive/braking systems and hydraulic safety devices.
This document is not applicable to Builders hoists for persons and material with vertical guided cages which are manufactured before the date of its publication as EN.
1.5   This European Standard deals with the hoist installation. It includes the base frame and base enclosure but excludes the design of any concrete, hard core, timber or other foundation arrangement. It includes the design of mast ties but excludes the design of anchor screws to the supporting structure. It includes the landing gates and their frames but excludes the design of any anchorage fixing bolts to the supporting structure.

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1.1   This document specifies the safety requirements for lifting tables with the following properties:
-   serving no more than 2 fixed landings but are able to pass a fixed landing and,
-   having a vertical travel speed of no more than 0,15 m/s, unless safe by position and,
-   for raising or lowering goods (with or without operator(s) and/or authorised person(s)), or;
-   for raising or lowering operator(s) and/or authorised person(s) with or without goods, to positions where they can carry out work from a fixed or movable lifting table that is guided throughout its vertical travel only.
1.2   This document deals with all significant hazards pertinent, with the exception of noise, to lifting tables when used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see List of Hazards, Annex B). This document specifies the appropriate technical measures for eliminating and reducing the risks arising from the significant hazards.
1.3   This document does not apply to the following equipment:
-   lifting tables with a vertical travel speed exceeding 0,15 m/s, unless safe by position;
-   lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a construction, for lifting goods, with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-2);
-   lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a construction, for lifting operators, with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s;
-   lifting tables carrying operators and installed in full enclosures with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s;
-   lifting tables used on ships;
-   lifting tables designed for artists and stage set features during artistic performances;
-   power operated lifting platforms for persons with impaired mobility (EN 81-41);
-   mobile lifting tables for airport ground support equipment (EN 1915-2 and EN 12312-1);
-   lifting tables which are designed as part of a lift according to Directive (95/16/EC);
-   mobile elevating work platforms (EN 280);
-   static Group B elevating work platforms (EN 280);
-   vehicle servicing lifts (EN 1493);
-   mobile lifting tables used for firefighting (EN 1777);
-   mobile lifting tables with a horizontal travelling speed of more than 1,6 m/s;
-   rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment (EN 528);
-   scissor lift pallet trucks (EN ISO 3691-5);
-   lifting tables suspended from a ceiling.
1.4   This document does not consider the additional requirements for:
-   electromagnetic compatibility;
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer applications, strong magnetic fields);
-   operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, mines);
-   handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids, radiating materials, particularly brittle loads, loose loads (gravel, tubes));
-   hazards occurring during construction, transportation and disposal;
-   equipment installed on the load platform or the replacing or maintaining of it;
-   integration into broader systems or other machines, etc.;
-   cable-less controls;
-   lifting tables where the hydraulic pressure is derived directly from gas pressure;
-   lifting tables powered by internal combustion engines.

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This document applies to stationary, mobile and movable vehicle lifts, which are not intended to lift persons but which are designed to raise vehicles totally, for the purpose of examining and working on or under the vehicles whilst in a raised position. The vehicle lift may consist of one or more lifting-units.
Power supply to the vehicle lift by internal combustion engines is not considered.
The floor or ground supporting the vehicle lift in use is assumed to be horizontal.
This document does not exclude a person to enter in a lifted vehicle on wheel supporting lifts, e.g. for special works or for periodical technical inspection, and vehicle lifts for rail-bound vehicles.
This document does not contain requirements for hazards which may arise on vehicle lifts where the carrying device can be tilted.
This document is not valid for equipment for power driven parking of motor vehicles (see EN 14010). This document is applicable to vehicle lifts which are manufactured six month after the date of its publication as EN.

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1.1   This European Standard, when used together with EN ISO 4254 1 and EN 15811, specifies safety requirements and measures for self-propelled rough-terrain work platforms for orchard’s operations (WPO) operating at a maximum of 3 m high as defined in 3.1, where the vertical projection of the centre of the area of the platform in all platform configurations at the maximum chassis inclination specified by the manufacturer is always inside the tipping lines, used in agriculture, designed to work on unimproved natural terrain and/or disturbed terrain and intended to move at least two persons to working positions in an orchard where they are carrying out fruit picking, thinning out, pruning, or other operations related to orchard from the work platform.
NOTE   For examples of rough-terrain work platforms for orchard’s operations (WPO), see Figures E. 1 to E.3.
This European Standard describes methods for the elimination or reduction of hazards arising from the intended use of these machines in the course of normal operation and service, except hazards related to conveyor belts and elevators for the bin. In addition, it specifies the type of information on safe working practices (including residual risks) to be provided by the manufacturer.
When requirements of this document are different from those which are stated in EN ISO 4254 1, the requirements of this document take precedence over the requirements of EN ISO 4254 1 for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this document.
This European Standard, taken together with EN ISO 4254 1 and EN 15811, deals with all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events (as listed in Table 1) relevant to WPOs, when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse foreseeable by the manufacturer.
It does not cover the hazards arising from:
a)   use in potentially explosive atmospheres;
b)   getting on and off the work platform at changing levels;
c)   environmental aspects;
d)   road safety.
1.2   This European Standard does not apply to:
a)   Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWPs) (see EN 280);
NOTE 1   Figure E.4 gives an example of this type of machine.
b)   boom-type MEWPs (see EN 280);
NOTE 2   Figure E.5 and E.6 give examples of this type of machine.
c)   tail lifts (see EN 1756-1 and EN 1756-2);
d)   mast climbing work platforms (see EN 1495);
e)   lifting tables (see EN 1570-1);
f)   aircraft ground support equipment (see e.g. EN 1915-1 and EN 1915-2);
g)   elevating operator positions on industrial trucks (see EN 1726-2);
h)   unguided work cages suspended from lifting appliances (see e.g. EN 1808);
i)    machines having centre of the area of the platform outside the tipping lines.
NOTE 3   Figure E.7 gives an example of this type of machine.

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This European Standard specifies safety requirements and measures for all types and sizes of Mobile Elevating Work Platform intended to move persons to working positions where they are carrying out work from the work platform (WP) with the intention that persons are getting on and off the work platform only at access positions at ground level or on the chassis.
NOTE Machines designed for the handling of goods which are equipped with work platforms as interchangeable equipment are regarded as MEWPs.
This European Standard is applicable to the structural design calculations and stability criteria, construction, safety examinations and tests before MEWPs are first put into service. It identifies the hazards arising from the use of MEWPs and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards.
Classification: MEWPs are divided into two main groups:
a) Group A: MEWPs where the vertical projection of the centre of the area of the platform in all platform configurations at the maximum chassis inclination specified by the manufacturer is always inside the tipping lines.
b) Group B: All other MEWPs.
Relating to travelling, MEWPs are divided into three types:
1) Type 1: Travelling is only allowed with the MEWP in its transport configuration;
2) Type 2: Travelling with raised work platform is controlled from a point of control at the chassis;
3) Type 3: Travelling with raised work platform is controlled from a point of control at the work platform.
NOTE Type 2 and type 3 can be combined.

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