This document establishes a classification of series 1 freight containers based on external dimensions, and specifies the associated ratings and, where appropriate, the minimum internal and door opening dimensions for certain types of containers. These containers are intended for intercontinental traffic. This document summarizes the external and some of the internal dimensions of series 1 containers. The dimensions of each type of container are defined in the appropriate part of ISO 1496, which is the authoritative document for internal container dimensions.

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  • Standard
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This document specifies minimum requirements for the strength and attachment of tarpaulins used as curtainsiders on intermodal loading units and commercial vehicles.
NOTE   The described tarpaulins according to this standard only work for load securing with a body according to EN12642, Code XL or EN 283.

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This document specifies minimum requirements for the strength and attachment of tarpaulins used on swap bodies and utility vehicles for road and road/rail combined (intermodal transport) traffic.

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This document specifies minimum requirements for the strength and attachment of tarpaulins used as curtainsiders on intermodal loading units and commercial vehicles.
NOTE   The described tarpaulins according to this document only work for load securing with a body according to EN12642, Code XL or EN 283.

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This document specifies minimum requirements for the strength and attachment of tarpaulins used on swap bodies and utility vehicles for road and road/rail combined (intermodal transport) traffic.

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This document describes the design of the mechanical refrigeration unit (MRU) and operation of container refrigerating systems in all anticipated operational modes and locations. It describes the industry's best practices for the safe operation of flammable refrigerants in refrigerating systems used in thermal freight containers operated on board ships, in terminals, on road, on rail and on land. This document addresses the use of flammable refrigerants with classifications defined in ISO 817, defined as 2L, 2 and 3, except R717 (Ammonia). This document describes an operational mode risk assessment (OMRA) which uses methods such as HAZOP (Hazard and operability analysis), FMEA (Failure mode and effects analysis), or FTA (Fault tree analysis) or combination of methods. This document specifies requirements for the validation and consideration of possible safety concepts and protective devices within the OMRA process, including charge release tests, simulation, and function tests of the associated protective equipment. It defines test requirements for shock, impact, and vibration. A validation procedure is given to demonstrate that risks from hazardous events are investigated and their severity and frequency are meaningfully reduced, with the aim of achieving tolerable risk values. The obligations of the manufacturer, the container owner as well as the responsible operator are described, as well as how stakeholders can investigate and mitigate risks associated with the use of flammable refrigerants. Finally, this document describes the requirements of service and maintenance when working with flammable refrigerants. This document is restricted to refrigerating systems integrated with or mounted on ISO thermal containers according to ISO 1496-2. It provides minimum requirements for reducing the risk associated with the use of flammable refrigerants. The scope is limited to container refrigerating systems operated in conjunction with the carriage of refrigerated cargo as operating reefer (OR) or when used as a non-operating reefer (NOR) or when empty for positioning — while in intermodal transit. Static land-based continuous operations are excluded.

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The standard applies to thermally insulated means of transport used for
temperature sensitive goods in order to limit the heat exchange to the external
conditions. If certain temperatures have to be maintained, the above means of
transport could be additionally provided with a cooling and/or heating device.
This standard specifies the terminology, the requirements for thermal insulation,
air tightness, test provisions, dimensioning of equipment with cooling and/or
heating device.
This standard specifies also the test provisions for new and in service
equipment(s).
This part specifies the terminology, the requirements for thermal insulation, air
tightness, test provisions for k-coefficient. This standard does not specify further
land transport requirements with regard to dimensions, weights, etc. This
standard does not cover safety requirements. This standard does not specify
special requirements for sea containers covered by ISO 1496-2.
The series of standards consist of the following parts:
Part 1: Container;
Part 2: Equipment;
Part 3: Small containers

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This document applies to all thermally insulated means of transport, including: trucks, trailers, tanks, vans, wagons, containers for land transport, small containers, packaging. It is related to every type of insulation. If certain temperatures are due to be maintained independently of external conditions, the above means of transport could be additionally provided with a cooling and/or heating device.
This document specifies the terminology, the requirements for thermal insulation, air tightness, test provisions, dimensioning of containers with and without cooling and/or heating device.
This document also specifies the test provisions for new and in service equipment(s).
This document specifies the terminology, the requirements for thermal insulation, air tightness, test provisions for K-value. This document does not specify further land transport requirements with regard to dimensions, weights, etc. This document does not cover safety requirements. This document does not specify special requirements for sea containers covered by ISO 1496-2.

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This document specifies the basic specifications and testing requirements for ISO series 1 tank containers suitable for the carriage of gases, liquids and solid substances (dry bulk) which can be loaded or unloaded as liquids by gravity or pressure discharge, for international exchange and for conveyance by road, rail and sea, including interchange between these forms of transport. Except where otherwise stated, the requirements of this document are minimum requirements.

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  • Standard
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This document gives the basic specifications and testing requirements for ISO series 1 thermal containers for international exchange and for conveyance of goods by road, rail and sea, including interchange between these forms of transport.

  • Standard
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This document specifies the basic specifications and testing requirements for ISO series 1 freight containers of the platform and platform-based types designated 1AAA, 1AA, 1A, 1AX, 1BBB, 1BB, 1B, 1BX, 1CC, 1C and 1CX which are suitable for international exchange and for conveyance by road, rail and sea, including interchange between these forms of transport, with certain limitations (for example, when loaded, platforms cannot be stacked or top lifted by means of conventional spreaders).

  • Standard
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This document gives the background to the requirements specified in ISO 3874:2017, Annexes A to E.

  • Technical report
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This document specifies requirements for lifting sets for use with containers in offshore service,
including technical requirements, marking and statements of conformity for single and multi-leg slings,
including chain slings and wire rope slings.

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This document specifies requirements for the design, manufacture and marking of offshore containers
with a maximum gross mass not exceeding 25 000 kg, intended for repeated use to, from and between
offshore installations and ships.
This document specifies only transport-related requirements.

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This document specifies requirements for the periodic inspection, examination and testing of offshore
freight and service containers, built in accordance with ISO 10855-1, with maximum a gross mass not
exceeding 25 000 kg and their associated lifting sets, intended for repeated use to, from and between
offshore installations and ships. Inspection requirements following damage and repair of offshore
containers are also included.
Recommended knowledge and experience of staff responsible for inspection of offshore containers is
given in Annex B.
Recommended knowledge and experience of staff responsible for inspection of lifting sets intended for
use with offshore containers is given in Annex C.

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This document specifies requirements for the periodic inspection, examination and testing of offshore freight and service containers, built in accordance with ISO 10855‑1, with maximum a gross mass not exceeding 25 000 kg and their associated lifting sets, intended for repeated use to, from and between offshore installations and ships. Inspection requirements following damage and repair of offshore containers are also included.
Recommended knowledge and experience of staff responsible for inspection of offshore containers is given in Annex B.
Recommended knowledge and experience of staff responsible for inspection of lifting sets intended for use with offshore containers is given in Annex C.

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This document specifies requirements for lifting sets for use with containers in offshore service, including technical requirements, marking and statements of conformity for single and multi-leg slings, including chain slings and wire rope slings.

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This document specifies requirements for the design, manufacture and marking of offshore containers with a maximum gross mass not exceeding 25 000 kg, intended for repeated use to, from and between offshore installations and ships.
This document specifies only transport-related requirements.

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ISO 3874:2017 specifies the methods of handling and securing series 1 freight containers built and tested to comply with ISO 1496 (all parts). Methods of handling and securing are described for both loaded and empty containers. The conditions for lifting different types of loaded and empty containers are laid down in Clause 6.

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  • Standard
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ISO/TS 18625 is intended to be applicable to freight containers as defined in ISO 668 as well as to other freight containers not defined in ISO 668 and to container ancillary equipment such as road and terminal chassis, generator sets and power packs. ISO/TS 18625 provides guidance for the requirements (operational and otherwise) for a system, and its enabling devices, used to track, monitor and/or report the status of the container, hereinafter referred to as the Container Tracking and Monitoring System (CTMS). The use of a CTMS is optional. The party opting to use a CTMS is hereafter referred to as the "user of the system" or just the "user". The user, which can be, e.g. a shipper, a consolidator, a logistics service provider or a container owner or operator, will identify and specify its specific requirements and usages of the CTMS pursuant to specific use cases defined by that party (see Clause 6). ISO/TS 18625 establishes a tiered approach to the CTMS. The tiered approach is described in 5.2 and 5.3. A CTMS in conformance with ISO/TS 18625, provides for interoperability in regard to both data transfer and data interpretation neither of which may be hindered by systems claiming such conformance. The CTMS elements addressed in ISO/TS 18625 include the following: a) a set of requirements for transferring information to and from a container tracking device to/from an automatic data processing systems by, e.g. air interface through RF or optical means; b) data for transmission to/from automatic data processing systems; c) functional requirements necessary to ensure consistent and reliable operation of the CTMS; d) features to inhibit malicious or unintentional alteration and/or deletion of the information content of the CTMS. Specifically excluded from the scope of ISO/TS 18625 is the processing and display of data by the users' information system hereinafter referred to as the Operator Information Management system (OIMS). Also specifically excluded is the specific identification, tracking and monitoring of cargo packed or filled in the container.

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ISO 1161:2016 establishes the basic dimensions and the functional and strength requirements of corner and intermediate fittings for series 1 freight containers, i.e. containers which conform to ISO 668 and ISO 1496 (all parts) with the exception of air mode containers (see ISO 8323).

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  • Standard
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  • Standard
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  • Standard
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  • Standard
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  • Standard
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  • Standard
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  • Standard
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ISO 18185-3:2015 specifies test methods and conditions for environmental characteristics of electronic seals. ISO 18185-3:2015 describes the environmental requirements for the ISO 18185 series, for ISO 10374 and for ISO 17363 and for ISO 10891 since it is expected that the implementation of these International Standards will face the same international conditions. However, each of these International Standards has its own unique requirements other than environmental conditions.

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This European Standard specifies appropriate tests and levels of performance for roll containers and dollies manufactured in all materials, assembled for use and stacked for storage when tested in accordance with EN 12674-3.

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This European Standard specifies appropriate tests and levels of performance for roll containers and dollies manufactured in all materials, assembled for use and stacked for storage when tested in accordance with EN 12674-3.

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This European Standard provides a system for the identification and presentation of information about the ILU. The identification system is intended for general application, for example in documentation, control and communications (including automatic data processing systems), as well as for display on an ILU and other non ISO containers (i.e.: which dimensions and testing parameters differ from those defined by the applicable ISO standards) used in European transport.
The methods of displaying identification and certain other data (including operational data) on swap bodies by means of permanent marks are included.
This European Standard specifies:
a)   an ILU identification system with an associated system for verifying the accuracy of its use, having mandatory marks for the presentation of the identification system for visual interpretation, and
b)   a coding system for data on ILU size and type, with corresponding marks for their display;
c)   mandatory operational marks;
d)   physical presentation of the marks on the ILU.
This Part of EN 13044 specifies a system to identify the owner of the ILU, which includes an associated system for verifying the accuracy of its use.
This European Standard does not cover temporary operational marks of any kind, permanent marks, data plates, etc. which may be required by intergovernmental agreements, national legislation or non-governmental organisations other than CEN.
NOTE   Some of the major international conventions whose container-marking requirements are not covered in this European Standard are as follows:
-   International Convention for Safe Containers (UN/IMO 1992);
-   Customs Convention on Containers 1956 and 1972;
-   Customs Convention on International Movement of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets (TIR-Convention) 1959 and 1975.
It should not to be assumed that this list is exhaustive.

  • Corrigendum
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CEN/TC 119 - Editorial modifications to 5.2.3 and A.2 in the English and French versions of EN 13044-1:2011. No xml version as the mother standard EN 13004-1:2012 is not available as an xml file.

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Provides a system for the identification and presentation of information about freight containers. The identification system is intended for general application, for example in documentation, control and communications (including automatic data processing systems), as well as for display on the containers themselves. The methods of displaying identification and certain other data (including operational data) on containers by means of permanent marks are included. The standard specifies a) a container identification system, with associated system for verifying the accuracy of its use, having: - mandatory marks for the presentation of the identification system for visual interpretation, and - features to used in optional Automatic Equipment Identification (AEI) and electronic data interchange (EDI); b) a coding system for data on container size and type, with corresponding marks for their display; c) operational marks, both mandatory and optional d) physical presentation of marks on the container.

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ISO 1496-1:2013 specifies the basic specifications and testing requirements for ISO series 1 freight containers of the totally enclosed general purpose types and certain specific purpose types (closed, vented, ventilated or open top) which are suitable for international exchange and for conveyance by road, rail and sea, including interchange between these forms of transport.

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  • Standard
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ISO 17712:2013 establishes uniform procedures for the classification, acceptance, and withdrawal of mechanical freight container seals. It provides a single source of information on mechanical seals which are acceptable for securing freight containers in international commerce.

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ISO 17363:2013 defines the usage of read/write radio-frequency identification technology (RFID) cargo shipment-specific tags associated with containerized freight for supply chain management purposes ("manifest tags"). ISO 17363:2013 defines the air interface communications, a common set of required data structures, and a commonly organized, through common syntax and semantics, set of optional data requirements. ISO 17363:2013: a) makes recommendations about a second generation supply chain tag intended to monitor the condition and security of the freight resident within a freight container; b) specifies the implementation of sensors for freight resident in a freight container; c) makes specific recommendations about mandatory non-reprogrammable information on the shipment tag; d) makes specific recommendations about optional, re-programmable information on the shipment tag; e) makes specific recommendations about the data link interface for GPS or GLS services; f) specifies the reuse and recyclability of the RF tag; g) specifies the means by which the data in a compliant RF tag is "backed-up" by bar codes and two-dimensional symbols, as well as human-readable information.

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MINOR AMENDMENT         MINOR AMENDMENT          MINOR AMENDMENT            MINOR AMENDMENT

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  • Standard
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This International Standard is applicable to freight containers as defined in ISO 668 as well as other associated containers and transport equipment. This International Standard defines how freight container logistic transparency and efficiency can be improved through use of an RFID cargo shipment tag system and an Internet-based software package. Such an RFID cargo shipment tag system can co-exist with, but is separate from, a container security and identification RFID framework using container "license plate" tags, described in ISO 10374 and ISO/TS 10891, and electronic seals ("e-seals"), described in ISO 18185 (all parts). In all cases, operation of and information from ISO/TS 10891 and ISO 18185 devices is independent from the operation and information of the cargo shipment tag and information from these devices is passed in discrete messages that are not routed via the RFID cargo shipment tag.

  • Standard
    9 pages
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  • Standard
    12 pages
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This European Standard provides a system for the identification and presentation of information about the ILU. The identification system is intended for general application, for example in documentation, control and communications (including automatic data processing systems), as well as for display on an ILU and other non ISO containers (i.e.: which dimensions and testing parameters differ from those defined by the applicable ISO standards) used in European transport.
The methods of displaying identification and certain other data (including operational data) on swap bodies by means of permanent marks are included.
This European Standard specifies:
a)   an ILU identification system with an associated system for verifying the accuracy of its use, having mandatory marks for the presentation of the identification system for visual interpretation, and
b)   a coding system for data on ILU size and type, with corresponding marks for their display;
c)   mandatory operational marks;
d)   physical presentation of the marks on the ILU.
This Part of EN 13044 specifies a system to identify the owner of the ILU, which includes an associated system for verifying the accuracy of its use.
This European Standard does not cover temporary operational marks of any kind, permanent marks, data plates, etc. which may be required by intergovernmental agreements, national legislation or non-governmental organisations other than CEN.
NOTE   Some of the major international conventions whose container-marking requirements are not covered in this European Standard are as follows:
-   International Convention for Safe Containers (UN/IMO 1992);
-   Customs Convention on Containers 1956 and 1972;
-   Customs Convention on International Movement of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets (TIR-Convention) 1959 and 1975.
It should not to be assumed that this list is exhaustive.

  • Standard
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This European Standard provides a system for the identification and presentation of information about the ILU. The identification system is intended for general application, for example in documentation, control and communications (including automatic data processing systems), as well as for display on the ILU and other non ISO containers (i.e.: which dimensions and testing parameters differ from those defined by the applicable ISO standards) used in European transport.
The methods of displaying identification and certain other data (including operational data) on the ILU by means of permanent marks are included.
This European Standard specifies:
a)   an ILU identification system with an associated system for verifying the accuracy of its use, having mandatory marks for the presentation of the identification system for visual interpretation, and
b)   a coding system for data on ILU size and type, with corresponding marks for their display;
c)   mandatory operational marks;
d)   physical presentation of the marks on the ILU.
This part of the European Standard prescribes the operational markings, which are necessary additionally to those for railway operation. Such markings are size and type codes and the related markings, and signs for limitations and warnings.
This European Standard does not cover temporary operational marks of any kind, permanent marks, data plates, etc. which may be required by intergovernmental agreements, national legislation or non-governmental organisations other than CEN.
NOTE   Some of the major international conventions whose container-marking requirements are not covered in this European Standard are as follows:
-   International Convention for Safe Containers (UN/IMO 1992);
-   Customs Convention on Containers 1956 and 1972;
-   Customs Convention on International Movement of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets (TIR-Convention) 1959 and 1975.
It should not to be assumed that this list is exhaustive.

  • Standard
    10 pages
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This European Standard provides a system for the identification and presentation of information about the ILU. The identification system is intended for general application, for example in documentation, control and communications (including automatic data processing systems), as well as for display on the ILU and other non ISO containers (i.e.: which dimensions and testing parameters differ from those defined by the applicable ISO standards) used in European transport.
The methods of displaying identification and certain other data (including operational data) on the ILU by means of permanent marks are included.
This European Standard specifies:
a)   an ILU identification system with an associated system for verifying the accuracy of its use, having mandatory marks for the presentation of the identification system for visual interpretation, and
b)   a coding system for data on ILU size and type, with corresponding marks for their display;
c)   mandatory operational marks;
d)   physical presentation of the marks on the ILU.
This Part of EN 13044 specifies a system to identify the ability of an ILU to be operated at the European railway network. It combines the dimensions of an ILU with the size profile of the railway network to enable the user to select such parts of a railway network on which the ILU can be transported without danger.
This part of the European Standard prescribes the system of operational data fort he codification of the ILU. The codification assigns a maximum profile for the at the rail tracks available cover area to the ILU in order to enable the selection of those rail tracks on which this ILU can be transported without any danger.
This European Standard does not cover temporary operational marks of any kind, permanent marks, data plates, etc. which may be required by intergovernmental agreements, national legislation or non-governmental organisations other than CEN.

  • Standard
    12 pages
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This European Standard provides a system for the identification and presentation of information about the ILU. The identification system is intended for general application, for example in documentation, control and communication (including automatic data processing systems), as well as for display on the ILU and other non ISO containers (i.e. which dimensions and testing parameters differ from those defined by the applicable ISO standards) used in European transport.
The methods of displaying identification and specific other data (including operational data) on the ILU by means of permanent marks are included.
This European Standard specifies:
a)   an ILU identification system with an associated system for verifying the accuracy of its use, having mandatory marks for the presentation of the identification system for visual interpretation; and
b)   a coding system for data on ILU size, with corresponding marks for their display;
c)   mandatory operational marks;
d)   physical presentation of the marks on the ILU.
This part of the European Standard prescribes the system of operational data for the codification of the swap bodies. The codification assigns a maximum profile for the cover area available at the rail tracks to the swap bodies in order to enable the selection of those rail tracks on which these swap bodies can be transported without any danger.
This part of the European Standard prescribes furthermore the additional operational markings, which are necessary for railway operation.
This European Standard does not cover temporary operational marks of any kind, permanent marks, data plates, etc. which may be required by intergovernmental agreements, national legislation or non-governmental organisations other than CEN.

  • Standard
    12 pages
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This European Standard provides a system for the identification and presentation of information about the ILU. The identification system is intended for general application, for example in documentation, control and communication (including automatic data processing systems), as well as for display on the ILU and other non ISO containers (i.e. which dimensions and testing parameters differ from those defined by the applicable ISO standards) used in European transport.
The methods of displaying identification and specific other data (including operational data) on the ILU by means of permanent marks are included.
This European Standard specifies:
a)   an ILU identification system with an associated system for verifying the accuracy of its use, having mandatory marks for the presentation of the identification system for visual interpretation, and
b)   a coding system for data on ILU size, with corresponding marks for their display;
c)   mandatory operational marks;
d)   physical presentation of the marks on the ILU.
This part of the European Standard prescribes the system of operational data for the codification of the semi-trailer. The codification assigns a maximum profile for the cover area available at the rail tracks to the semi-trailer in order to enable the selection of those rail tracks on which these semi-trailers can be transported without any danger.
This part of the European Standard prescribes furthermore the additional operational markings, which are necessary for railway operation.
This European Standard does not cover temporary operational marks of any kind, permanent marks, data plates, etc. which may be required by intergovernmental agreements, national legislation or non-governmental organisations other than CEN.

  • Standard
    10 pages
    English language
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This European Standard provides a system for the identification and presentation of information about the ILU. The identification system is intended for general application, for example in documentation, control and communications (including automatic data processing systems), as well as for display on an ILU and other non ISO containers (i.e. which dimensions and testing parameters differ from those defined by the applicable ISO standards) used in European transport.
The methods of displaying identification and certain other data (including operational data) on ILUs by means of permanent marks are included.
This European Standard specifies:
a)   an ILU identification system with an associated system for verifying the accuracy of its use, having mandatory marks for the presentation of the identification system for visual interpretation, and
b)   a coding system for data on ILU size and type, with corresponding marks for their display;
c)   mandatory operational marks;
d)   physical presentation of the marks on the ILU.
This part of EN 13044 specifies a system to identify the owner of the ILU, which includes an associated system for verifying the accuracy of its use.
This European Standard does not cover temporary operational marks of any kind, permanent marks, data plates, etc. which may be required by intergovernmental agreements, national legislation or non-governmental organisations other than CEN.

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ISO/TS 10891:2009 establishes: a set of requirements for container tags, which allow the transfer of information from a container to automatic processing systems by electronic means; a data coding system for container identification and permanent related information which resides within a container tag; a data coding system for the electronic transfer of both container identification and permanent related information from container tags to automatic data processing systems; the description of data to be included in container tags for transmission to automatic data processing systems; performance criteria necessary to ensure consistent and reliable operation of container tags within the international transportation community; the physical location of container tags on containers; features to inhibit malicious or unintentional alteration and/or deletion of the information content of container tags when installed on a freight container. It is intended to be applicable to freight containers as defined in ISO 668 as well as to other containers not defined in ISO 668 and container ancillary equipment such as road and terminal chassis, generator sets and power packs . The use of container tags and the equipping of containers for automatic identification are optional. The purpose of ISO/TS 10891:2009 is to optimise the efficiency of equipment control systems and to assist in container security initiatives and programs, including the optional usage of electronic seals in accordance with ISO 18185, and any subsequent International Standard. For this reason, any container tag system used for identifying containers shall be non-proprietary and conform to and be compatible with ISO/TS 10891:2009.

  • Technical specification
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  • Technical report
    2 pages
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ISO 18185-5:2007 specifies the air interface between electronic container seals and Reader/Interrogators of those seals. It is to be used in conjunction with the other parts of ISO 18185. ISO 18185-5:2007 describes the physical layer for supply chain applications of RFID for freight containers in accordance with the ISO 18185 series and ISO 17363, since it is expected that the implementation of these standards will face the same international conditions. However, each of these standards has its own unique requirements other than the physical layer. It is expected that RFID Freight Container Identification (as specified in ISO 10374 and ISO 17363), and electronic seals (as specified in the ISO 18185 series) will be able to use the same infrastructure, while recognizing that that there may be requirements for different frequencies for passive devices as opposed to the active devices identified in ISO 18185-5:2007.

  • Standard
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ISO 18185-1:2007 provides a system for the identification and presentation of information about freight container electronic seals. The identification system provides an unambiguous and unique identification of the container seal, its status and related information. The presentation of this information is provided through a radio-communications interface providing seal identification and a method for determining whether a freight container's seal has been opened. ISO 18185-1:2007 specifies a read-only, non-reusable freight container seal identification system, with an associated system for verifying the accuracy of use, having a seal status identification system, a battery status indicator, a unique seal identifier including the identification of the manufacturer, seal (tag) type. ISO 18185-1:2007 is used in conjunction with the other parts of ISO 18185. It applies to all electronic seals used on freight containers covered by ISO 668, ISO 1496-1 to ISO 1496-5, and ISO 8323. Wherever appropriate and practicable, it also applies to freight containers other than those covered by these International Standards.

  • Standard
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ISO 18185-4:2007 specifies requirements for the data protection, device authentication and conformance capabilities of electronic seals for communication to and from a seal and its associated reader. These capabilities include the accessibility, confidentiality, data integrity, authentication and non-repudiation of stored data.

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ISO 18185-2:2007 specifies a freight container seal identification system, with an associated system for verifying the accuracy of use, having: a seal status identification system; a battery status indicator; a unique seal identifier including the identification of the manufacturer; a seal (tag) type. ISO 18185-2:2007 is used in conjunction with the other parts of ISO 18185.

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    7 pages
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