IEC 63203-201-1:2022 specifies provisions and test methods for measurement of properties of conductive yarns. Conductive yarns covered in this document have conductivity of a level that can be used for transmission of electric signals, supply of electric power and electromagnetic shield. They do not include high-resistance conductive yarn used for anti-static and heating use. Conductive yarns are the basic material in electronic textiles and are mainly used as conductive traces in clothes-type wearable devices, as well as with secondary processing (woven, knitted, embroidered, nonwoven, etc.) to provide conductive fabrics.
This document does not define the required characteristics of the conductive yarn; rather, it specifies the handling and measurement methods for general and electrical properties of conductive yarn.

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IEC 63203-201-2:2022 specifies the provisions for conductive fabrics and insulation materials used for electronic textiles and measurement methods for their properties.
Conductive fabrics covered by this document are basic materials in electronic textiles and are mainly used as conductive traces, electrodes and the like in clothes-type wearable devices. This document does not cover high-resistance conductive fabrics used for antistatic purposes and heater applications.
Insulating materials handled in this document are materials used for electrical insulation of conductive parts in electronic textiles. They include materials for covering the conductive parts, and general fabrics constituting the basic structure of clothes‑type wearable devices.
This document does not define the required characteristics of the conductive fabric and insulation materials; rather, it specifies measurement methods for general and electrical properties of the conductive fabric and insulation materials.

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This part of IEC 63203 defines the terms, definitions, symbols, configurations, and test methods
to be used to specify the standard measurement conditions and methods for determining the
contact-surface temperature of wrist-worn wearable electronic devices intended to be worn
directly on a human wrist and that can be worn continuously during use. The conditions of the
test do not consider perfusion and results are therefore considered conservatively. The
temperature increase is induced by the thermal energy of wearable electronic devices during
operation. This document gives the general procedure for the test method applicable to various
wrist-worn wearable electronic devices for use by ordinary persons which in the context of this
document is a healthy human adult.

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1.1 This document specifies domestic washing and drying procedures for textile testing. The
procedures are applicable to textile fabrics, garments or other textile articles which are subjected to
appropriate combinations of domestic washing and drying procedures. This document also specifies
the reference detergents and ballasts for the procedures.
1.2 Provision is made for
a) 16 different washing procedures based on the use of the reference washing machine Type A:
horizontal axis, front-loading type,
b) 12 procedures based on the use of the reference washing machine Type B: vertical axis, top-loading
agitator type, and
c) 7 procedures based on the use of the reference washing machine Type C: vertical axis, top-loading
pulsator type.
1.3 Each washing procedure represents a single domestic wash.
1.4 This document also specifies six drying procedures: line dry, line drip dry, flat dry, flat drip dry,
flat press, and tumble dry.
1.5 A complete test consists of a washing and drying procedure.
NOTE Use of different parameters (washing machine type, detergent type and type of tumble dryer) can
affect test results for any test using this document.

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This Technical Specification recommends characteristics, test methods and minimum performance specifications for unused textile for the healthcare and social service facilities (hospitals, residential care homes, etc.) to give guidance on the suitability of products intended to be maintained by industrial laundering.
This Technical Specification is not applicable to surgical textiles under the medical devices directive nor protective clothing under the PPE directive.

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1.1 This document specifies domestic washing and drying procedures for textile testing. The procedures are applicable to textile fabrics, garments or other textile articles which are subjected to appropriate combinations of domestic washing and drying procedures. This document also specifies the reference detergents and ballasts for the procedures. 1.2 Provision is made for a) 16 different washing procedures based on the use of the reference washing machine Type A: horizontal axis, front-loading type, b) 12 procedures based on the use of the reference washing machine Type B: vertical axis, top-loading agitator type, and c) 7 procedures based on the use of the reference washing machine Type C: vertical axis, top-loading pulsator type. 1.3 Each washing procedure represents a single domestic wash. 1.4 This document also specifies six drying procedures: line dry, line drip dry, flat dry, flat drip dry, flat press, and tumble dry. 1.5 A complete test consists of a washing and drying procedure. NOTE     Use of different parameters (washing machine type, detergent type and type of tumble dryer) can affect test results for any test using this document.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of tear resistance based on the action of an
active force applied to a notched test piece.
The test can be carried out on:
— test pieces that have been conditioned in a standard atmosphere; or
— test pieces that have undergone pre-treatment, e.g. water immersion.
The results obtained by this method cannot be compared with those obtained by methods involving
constant rate of tear.

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This document specifies a test method which identifies the index ingredient chemical included in coloured fabric with lac. Lac can be applied to both natural fibre and man-made fibre.

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This document specifies a test method which identifies the index ingredient chemical included in coloured fabric with catechu. Catechu can be applied to both natural fibre and man-made fibre.

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This document specifies a test method which identifies the index ingredient chemical included in coloured fabric with punica. Punica can be applied to both natural fibre and man-made fibre.

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This document provides general considerations to support the design guidance to geotechnical and civil engineers involved in the design of structures in which a geotextile is used to fulfil the function of separation of soils and below ground structures in contact with natural soils and fills. These considerations are always based on installed soils, the installation process and on the strength and/or deformation behaviour of geosynthetics.

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This document specifies two methods of evaluating the resistance of rubber- or plastics-coated
fabrics to the action of liquids by measurement of selected properties of the materials before and after
immersion in selected liquids.
The two methods are as follows:
— Method A: total immersion with liquid;
— Method B: one surface side immersion with liquid

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This document specifies a method for the determination of tear resistance based on the action of an active force applied to a notched test piece. The test can be carried out on: test pieces that have been conditioned in a standard atmosphere; or test pieces that have undergone pre-treatment, e.g. water immersion. The results obtained by this method cannot be compared with those obtained by methods involving constant rate of tear.

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This document specifies two separate methods for determining the resistance of a material to wet and
dry abrasion.
It is applicable to the coated surface or surfaces of coated fabrics.
It does not apply to determining the abrasion behaviour of an uncoated surface of a coated fabric, for
which the methods for uncoated textiles described in the ISO 12947 series apply.

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This document
— establishes a system of graphical symbols, intended for use in the marking of workwear articles and
protective clothing providing information on the suitability for professional industrial laundering
using ISO 15797, and
— specifies the use of these symbols in qualifying garments as potentially suitable for industrial
laundering.
The following professional industrial laundering treatments are covered: washing, bleaching, tunnel
finishing and tumble drying after washing. Textile-care treatments in dry and wet cleaning are covered
in ISO 3175 (all parts).
This document applies to articles of workwear and protective clothing in the form in which they are
supplied to the professional launderer.

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This document specifies two methods of evaluating the resistance of rubber- or plastics-coated fabrics to the action of liquids by measurement of selected properties of the materials before and after immersion in selected liquids. The two methods are as follows: —   Method A: total immersion with liquid; —   Method B: one surface side immersion with liquid.

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This European Standard specifies a screening test method for determining the resistance of geotextiles and geotextile-related products to hydrolysis by exposing test specimens to water at elevated temperatures, followed by an evaluation of the changes in properties resulting from such exposure. It is intended as a means of establishing a minimum acceptable level of durability.
The test is applicable to any geotextile and geotextile-related product susceptible to hydrolysis, in particular polyester and polyamide based materials, and in addition to the yarns from which these geotextiles are made. Reinforcing materials shall be tested without the coating and manufacturers shall ensure that the degradation of the coating will not attack or have any negative influence on the degradation of the yarns.
This method is not intended for determining the resistance of geotextiles to hydrolysis under highly acid or alkaline conditions.
NOTE   Performance tests to predict long-term lifetime or to compare products of different polymers or of similar polymers with differing structures can be based on the same method but with a wider range of temperatures and durations.

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This document provides terminology frequently used in literature related to wearable electronic
devices and technologies in the IEC 63203 series. This list includes wearable electronic devices
and technologies, near-body wearable electronics, on-body wearable electronics, in-body
wearable electronics, and electronic textiles.

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This document describes methods for the determination of compensation values for orthotropic coated
fabrics (different properties along ideally perpendicular directions, such as the weft and warp yarns for
woven based coated fabrics, or along the courses and wales of knitted based coated fabrics) for
determining cutting patterns.
NOTE The final interpretation and the determination of the compensation values remains the responsibility of
the project engineer.
Annex C describes a method to determine comparable measures of extensibility along ideally
perpendicular directions of coated fabrics. The comparable measures of extensibility can be used by
design engineers to assess the extensibility of a coated fabric by comparison with other coated fabrics. In
this way, they can help to interpret results of compensation tests. Moreover, they can be used by material
suppliers to measure the consistency of extensibility along perpendicular directions of a coated fabric
from batch to batch.

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This document —   establishes a system of graphical symbols, intended for use in the marking of workwear articles and protective clothing providing information on the suitability for professional industrial laundering using ISO 15797, and —   specifies the use of these symbols in qualifying garments as potentially suitable for industrial laundering. The following professional industrial laundering treatments are covered: washing, bleaching, tunnel finishing and tumble drying after washing. Textile-care treatments in dry and wet cleaning are covered in ISO 3175 (all parts). This document applies to articles of workwear and protective clothing in the form in which they are supplied to the professional launderer.

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This document specifies two separate methods for determining the resistance of a material to wet and dry abrasion. It is applicable to the coated surface or surfaces of coated fabrics. It does not apply to determining the abrasion behaviour of an uncoated surface of a coated fabric, for which the methods for uncoated textiles described in the ISOÂ 12947 series apply.

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This document specifies a household washing durability test method for leisurewear and
sportswear e-textile systems. This document includes testing procedures for leisurewear and
sportswear products with electrically conductive components and sensors to collect the data of
the user.
This document does not cover safety or heat-generation test methods. Products containing
other components than those listed in this clause are not covered by this document.

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This document specifies a test for measuring the resistance of fabrics to the penetration of water by impact. It can be used to predict the probable rain penetration resistance of textile fabrics. This document is applicable to any textile fabric, whether or not it has been given a water-resistant or water-repellent finish. It is especially suitable for measuring apparel fabrics. Testing at different intensities of water impact gives a complete picture of the penetration resistance of a single fabric or combination of fabrics. The test is particularly suitable when measuring highly water-resistant fabrics with low amounts of water penetration.

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This document specifies a procedure to determine the maximum force and elongation at maximum force of textiles woven fabrics using a grab method in the biaxial testing machine. The method is mainly applicable to woven textile fabrics, including fabrics which exhibit stretch characteristics imparted by the presence of an elastomeric fibre, mechanical, or chemical treatment. It can be applicable to fabrics produced by other techniques. It is not applicable to geotextiles[4], nonwovens[3], coated fabrics[5], textile-glass woven fabrics[2], and fabrics made from carbon fibres or polyolefin tape yarns. The method is restricted to the use of constant rate of extension (CRE) testing machines to the same axis.

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This document specifies quantitative test methods to determine the antibacterial activity of all
antibacterial textile products including nonwovens.
This document is applicable to all textile products, including cloth, wadding, thread and material for
clothing, bedclothes, home furnishings and miscellaneous goods, regardless of the type of antibacterial
agent used (organic, inorganic, natural or man-made) or the method of application (built-in, aftertreatment
or grafting).
This document covers three inoculation methods for the determination of antibacterial activity:
a) absorption method (an evaluation method in which the test bacterial suspension is inoculated
directly onto specimens);
b) transfer method (an evaluation method in which test bacteria are placed on an agar plate and
transferred onto specimens);
c) printing method (an evaluation method in which test bacteria are placed on a filter and printed
onto specimens).
NOTE Based on the intended application and on the environment in which the textile product is to be used,
and also on the surface properties of the textile properties, the user can select the most suitable inoculation
method.
This document also specifies the colony plate count method and the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
luminescence method for measuring the enumeration of bacteria.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the resistance of fabrics coated with rubber or plastics to ozone cracking under static conditions. The test is designed to determine the relative resistance to cracking of fabric coated with rubber or plastics when exposed under static strain to air containing ozone in the absence of direct sunlight. Like all ageing tests, it should be considered as a means of comparing articles of the same composition and destined for the same application, but not as an absolute criterion. It is preferable to limit the significance of the test by considering it only as a means of control when a fabric attains a resistance superior to a threshold given in comparison with a certain type of degradation. Taking these remarks into account, the results obtained at the time of test cannot be taken as a prediction of the length of life of the product.

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IEC 63203-101-1:2021 provides terminology frequently used in literature related to wearable electronic devices and technologies in the IEC 63203 series. This list includes wearable electronic devices and technologies, near-body wearable electronics, on-body wearable electronics, in-body wearable electronics, and electronic textiles.

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This document specifies a method for determining crease recovery angle of fabric specimen while
placing it in such a way that the folded line is vertical to horizontal plane for a specified time after
removal of creasing load.
This document is applicable for all kinds of textile fabrics.

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This document specifies a method for determining the angle of recovery of fabrics from creasing. The
results obtained by this method for textile fabrics of very different kinds cannot be compared directly.

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IEC TR 63203-250-1:2021(E) reviews the use cases of conductive snap fasteners applied as electrical connectors for e-textile products available on the market and provides guidance on future standardization works.

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This document provides general considerations to support the design guidance to geotechnical and civil engineers involved in the design of structures in which a geotextile is used as a filter. The key potential failure mechanisms are described, and guidance is proposed to select engineering properties.

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This document provides general considerations to support the design guidance to geotechnical and civil engineers involved in the design of structures in which a geotextile is used as reinforcement. The key potential failure mechanisms are described, and guidance is proposed to select engineering properties.

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This part of IEC 63203-201 specifies a test method for determination of the electrical resistance
of conductive fabrics under simulated microclimate within clothing. The microclimate is the
climate of the small air layer between the skin and clothing having a specific temperature and
humidity. This test method can be applied to conductive fabrics including multilayer assemblies
for use in clothing.

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This document specifies quantitative test methods to determine the antibacterial activity of all antibacterial textile products including nonwovens. This document is applicable to all textile products, including cloth, wadding, thread and material for clothing, bedclothes, home furnishings and miscellaneous goods, regardless of the type of antibacterial agent used (organic, inorganic, natural or man-made) or the method of application (built-in, after-treatment or grafting). This document covers three inoculation methods for the determination of antibacterial activity: a) absorption method (an evaluation method in which the test bacterial suspension is inoculated directly onto specimens); b) transfer method (an evaluation method in which test bacteria are placed on an agar plate and transferred onto specimens); c) printing method (an evaluation method in which test bacteria are placed on a filter and printed onto specimens). NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Based on the intended application and on the environment in which the textile product is to be used, and also on the surface properties of the textile properties, the user can select the most suitable inoculation method. This document also specifies the colony plate count method and the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) luminescence method for measuring the enumeration of bacteria.

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This document specifies a test method which is intended to determine the fogging characteristics of rubber- or plastics-coated fabrics that are used as trim materials in the interior of motor vehicles. The method can also apply to fluid, pasty, powdered or solid raw materials which are the basis for such trim materials or from which the materials are manufactured. The method can also apply to other materials and finished products. The procedure is applicable to the measurement of fog condensate on glass surfaces within the limits of the test conditions. This test cannot measure accurately those cases in which: —   the surface tension of the condensate is low, resulting in early coalescing into a thin transparent film; —   the condensate is present in such a large quantity that the droplets coalesce and form a heavy oily/clear film (this heavy film gives false readings). In such cases, the gravimetric method is preferred.

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This document specifies requirements for 3-strand hawser-laid and 4-strand shroud-laid ropes,
8-strand braided ropes and 12-strand braided ropes for general service made of polyamide, and gives
rules for their designation.
This document does not cover all variations in strength or product performance. The rope manufacturer
is consulted to ensure the intended design meets the requirements of the application

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This document specifies requirements for 3-strand hawser-laid and 4-strand shroud-laid ropes,
8-strand braided ropes and 12-strand braided ropes for general service made of polypropylene, and
gives rules for their designation.
This document does not cover all variations in strength or product performance. The rope manufacturer
is consulted to ensure the intended design meets the requirements of the application

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This document specifies requirements for 3-strand hawser-laid and 4-strand shroud-laid ropes,
8-strand braided ropes and 12-strand braided ropes for general service made of polyester, and gives
rules for their designation.
This document does not cover all variations in strength or product performance. The rope manufacturer
is consulted to ensure the intended design meets the requirements of the application.

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The purpose of this document is to assist employers (or the person who advises the employer such as suppliers of PPE or services, inspection, insurance companies, etc.) in taking the necessary decisions regarding the selection, use, care and maintenance (SUCAM) of advanced garments and ensembles of garments that provide protection against heat and flame, with integrated smart textiles and smart non-textile elements for enhanced health, safety and survival capabilities that are compliant with the European legislation.
This document supports developers and manufacturers in designing and producing garments with smart textiles and smart non-textile elements that will meet the user’s needs during the whole life cycle of the garment and comply with standard requirements set for protective clothing on use, care and maintenance up to and including the disposal of the protective gear.
This document is not exhaustive in addressing all the safety concerns associated with the use of compliant protective equipment for protection against heat and flames and other related risks.
It is essential not to construe this document as addressing all the safety concerns, if any, associated with the use of this document by testing or repair facilities. It is the responsibility of the persons and organizations that use this document and any other standards or technical report related to PPE:
-   to conduct a risk assessment at the workplace;
-   to select the protective clothing and other PPE, including those with smart (intelligent) features, and to verify that the manufacturer has indicated the selected PPE to be suitable for the identified risks at the workplace;
-   as well as to ensure that these provide a holistic protection, only when the compatibility has been assessed including understanding the workplace and the work environment to determine the properties of protective clothing against heat and flames to establish health and safety practices;
-   to verify that the manufacturer has provided information for risk assessment of the potential risks that may occur due to the smart (intelligent) features in the intended working environment, and that the manufacturer has suggested measurements to compensate such new risks, whilst the employer has to ensure that these measurements are brought to action;
-   and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to using this document for any designing, manufacturing, and testing.
This document is meant for all end users that are using smart garments for protection against heat and flame. It contains information that can also be useful to other people, such as manufacturers, designers, service providers and educators who may be confronted with smart garments used to protect against heat and flame risks although it will focus on the first four in the list below:
-   petrochemical and chemical industry;
-   welders and foundries;
-   utilities (electrical, gas, water);
-   fire fighters and emergency response;
-   sports (motor sports, boating, etc.);
-   security forces (military, police and private).
It is essential that nothing herein restricts any jurisdiction from exceeding the minimum requirements as provided in the relevant standards.
This document is not intended to cover the aspects related to data security and privacy. For employers using smart garments that monitor and/or collect data, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and national regulations can apply. It is essential that the smart protective garments are selected, used, taken care and maintained in a way that will neither compromise the safety and privacy of the user nor the security of the enterprise or authority using the smart garment systems.

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This document specifies a method for determining the angle of recovery of fabrics from creasing. The results obtained by this method for textile fabrics of very different kinds cannot be compared directly.

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This document specifies a method for determining crease recovery angle of fabric specimen while placing it in such a way that the folded line is vertical to horizontal plane for a specified time after removal of creasing load. This document is applicable for all kinds of textile fabrics.

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IEC 63203-204-1:2021 specifies a household washing durability test method for leisurewear and sportswear e-textile systems. This document includes testing procedures for leisurewear and sportswear products with electrically conductive components and sensors to collect the data of the user. This document does not cover safety or heat-generation test methods. Products containing other components than those listed in this clause are not covered by this document.

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This document specifies a chromatographic method to determine the amount of short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs: C10-C13) and middle-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs: C14-C17) in textile articles, especially in polymer of the coated fabrics, prints made of polymer and buttons made of polymer (e.g. polyvinylchloride) by means of  solvent extraction and gas chromatography negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry (GC-NCI-MS).

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This document specifies procedures to measure the spirality or torque of woven and knitted garments after domestic laundering. The results obtained from different procedures might not be comparable. This document is not intended to measure the spirality of garments as manufactured, but rather the spirality after domestic laundering. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â Â Some fabric constructions, such as denim, can have spirality intentionally introduced during manufacturing. Garments made of fabrics from circular knitting machines can have inherent nonverticality of wale alignment.

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This document specifies three procedures (diagonal marking, inverted-T marking and mock-garment marking) to measure the spirality or torque of woven and knitted fabrics after domestic laundering. The results obtained from different procedures will not always be comparable. This document is not intended to measure the spirality of fabrics as manufactured, but rather the spirality after laundering. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â Â Some fabric constructions, such as denim, can have spirality intentionally introduced during manufacturing. Fabrics made on circular knitting machines can have inherent nonverticality of wale alignment.

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This document specifies requirements for 3-strand hawser-laid and 4-strand shroud-laid ropes, 8-strand braided ropes and 12-strand braided ropes for general service made of polyester, and gives rules for their designation. This document does not cover all variations in strength or product performance. The rope manufacturer is consulted to ensure the intended design meets the requirements of the application.

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This document specifies requirements for 3-strand hawser-laid and 4-strand shroud-laid ropes, 8-strand braided ropes and 12-strand braided ropes for general service made of polypropylene, and gives rules for their designation. This document does not cover all variations in strength or product performance. The rope manufacturer is consulted to ensure the intended design meets the requirements of the application.

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This document specifies requirements for 3-strand hawser-laid and 4-strand shroud-laid ropes, 8-strand braided ropes and 12-strand braided ropes for general service made of polyamide, and gives rules for their designation. This document does not cover all variations in strength or product performance. The rope manufacturer is consulted to ensure the intended design meets the requirements of the application

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