This document specifies a method for the quantitative determination of calcium (Ca), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), sodium (Na), zinc (Zn), chromium (Cr), molybdenum (Mo) and selenium (Se) using inductively coupled plasma and mass spectrometry (ICP-MS).
The method is applicable for the determination of all 12 elements in infant formula and adult nutritional products. The method is also applicable for milk, milk powder, whey powder, butter and cheese excluding the determination of Cr, because all Cr results were below the quantification limit and reproducibility could not be determined in these matrices[1]. The present method is an extension of ISO 20649 | IDF 235 (AOAC 2011.19[2]) which was validated only for Cr, Mo and Se in infant formula and adult nutritional products.

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This document specifies a method for the quantitative determination of calcium (Ca), copper (Cu), iron
(Fe), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), sodium (Na) and zinc (Zn)
using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). The method is applicable
for milk, dried milk, butter, cheese, whey, dried whey, infant formula and adult nutritional formula in
the ranges given in Table 1.

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ISO 20647:2015 specifies a method for the quantitative determination of total iodine in infant formula and adult nutritional formula.[1] The method is applicable to the measurement of total iodine in infant formula and adult nutritional formula from 0,5 µg/100g to 1 500 µg/100g reconstituted final product and for ready-to-feed products from 2,5 µg/100 g to 1 000 µg/100 g using ICP-MS.
Using various infant formula and adult nutritional products, the method was subjected to an interlaboratory study. Levels obtained ranged from 3,47 µg/100 g to 124 µg/100 g. For all precision data related to the interlaboratory study, see Table A.1 located in Annex A.

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This European Standard describes a method for the determination of the content of T-2 toxin and HT-2 toxin in cereals and cereal based products e.g. oats, intended for nutrition of infants and young children by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) after cleanup by solid phase extraction (SPE) [5].
The method has been validated for HT-2 toxin in oat flour at levels of 9,3 µg/kg and 28,1 µg/kg, oat flakes at levels of 16,5 µg/kg and 21,4 µg/kg, and breakfast cereals (containing oat flakes) at a level of 8,1 µg/kg and for T-2 toxin in oat flour at levels of 4,4 µg/kg and 8,3 µg/kg, oat flakes at levels of 4,9 µg/kg and 6,6 µg/kg and breakfast cereals (containing oat flakes) at a level of 3,5 µg/kg.
Laboratory experiences [6] have shown that the method is also applicable to highly swelling materials (dry cereal based porridges and modified starches), but these were not examined in the method validation study. Details are outlined in 6.3.
The method can also be applied to oat-by-products at higher levels of T-2- and HT-2 toxin. In this case, the dilution steps need to be considered [6].

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This European Standard shall specify a method of analysis for the determination of benzene in soft drinks, juices and baby food. The method should preferably make use of the HS GC-MS technique. The method shall be inter-laboratory validated, in accordance with ISO 5725 or with AOAC International Guidelines for collaborative study procedures to validate characteristics of a method of analysis, using test materials consisting of soft drinks, juices and baby food at appropriate levels.

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This European Standard describes a method for the determination of T-2 toxin and HT-2 toxin in cereals and cereal based products e.g. oats, intended for nutrition of infants and young children by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) after cleanup by solid phase extraction (SPE) [5].
The method has been validated for HT-2 toxin in oat flour at levels of 9,3 µg/kg and 28,1 µg/kg, oat flakes at levels of 16,5 µg/kg and 21,4 µg/kg, and breakfast cereals (containing oat flakes) at a level of 8,1 µg/kg and for T-2 toxin in oat flour at levels of 4,4 µg/kg and 8,3 µg/kg, oat flakes at levels of 4,9 µg/kg and 6,6 µg/kg and breakfast cereals (containing oat flakes) at a level of 3,5 µg/kg.
Laboratory experiences [6] have shown that the method is also applicable to highly swelling materials (dry cereal based porridges and modified starches), but these were not examined in the method validation study. Details are outlined in 6.3.
The method can also be applied to oat-by-products at higher levels of T-2- and HT-2 toxin. In this case, the dilution steps need to be considered [6].
The method can also be applied to cereals and cereal products for infants and young children based on e.g. wheat, barley, and rice. In this case, the method needs to be in-house-validated for each material. At the time of the interlaboratory study, planned range was 10 µg/kg to 100 µg/kg, and it is known from the pre-study that the method works well in the whole range, although final validation was only done in the range from 3,5 µg/kg to 28,1 µg/kg.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of benzene in soft drinks, other beverages and vegetable-based infant foods, by headspace gas chromatography mass spectrometry (HS-GC-MS). The method has been validated in an interlaboratory study via the analysis of spiked samples of carbonated soft drink, still fruit-based drink, carbonated fruit-based drink, vegetable and fruit juice containing carrot, infant food vegetable based and infant food containing meat, ranging from 1,9 µg/kg to 18,6 µg/kg. However, linearity of the instrument response was proven for the concentration range from 0,5 µg/kg to 20 µg/kg. The limit of quantification (LOQ) depends on the instrument but can generally be expected to be in the range from 0,5 µg/kg to 1,0 µg/kg.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of fumonisin B1 (FB1) and fumonisin B2 (FB2) in processed maize-containing foods for infants and young children by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with immunoaffinity cleanup and fluorescence detection (FLD). This method has been validated in an interlaboratory study via the analysis of both naturally contaminated and spiked samples ranging from 112 µg/kg to 458 µg/kg for FB1+FB2, 89 µg/kg to 384 µg/kg for FB1 and 22 µg/kg to 74 µg/kg for FB2.
For further information on the validation, see Clause 8 and Annex B.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of fumonisin B1 (FB1) and fumonisin B2 (FB2) in processed maize-containing foods for infants and young children by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with immunoaffinity cleanup and fluorescence detection (FLD). This method has been validated in an interlaboratory study via the analysis of both naturally contaminated and spiked samples ranging from 112 µg/kg to 458 µg/kg for FB1+FB2, 89 µg/kg to 384 µg/kg for FB1 and 22 µg/kg to 74 µg/kg for FB2.
For further information on the validation, see Clause 8 and Annex B.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of patulin in fruit juices and fruit-based purée, such as baby food purée, using high performance liquid chromatography with ultra-violet detection (HPLC-UV). Using naturally contaminated and spiked samples this method has been validated for the determination of patulin in apple juice, at levels ranging from 3,0 μg/kg to 15,5 μg/kg, and in fruit-based baby food purée, at levels ranging from 3,4 μg/kg to 17,9 μg/kg. Baby food fruit purée used in this study contained a mixture of the following ingredients which are commercially available on the European market: blueberry; apple; banana; lemon; wheat biscuits; wheat syrup; whole milk; and vegetable oil. A detailed listing, including the fractions, of each product used in this study is given in. Further information on validation, see Clause 9 and Annex B.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of deoxynivalenol (DON) in cereals (grain and flour), cereal based foods and cereal based foods for infants and young children by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with immunoaffinity cleanup and UV detection. This method has been validated in three interlaboratory studies. The first study was for the analysis of samples of wheat, rice flour, oat flour, maize, polenta, and wheat based breakfast cereal ranging from 85,4 μg/kg to 1 768 μg/kg, the second study was for wheat and maize ranging from 165 μg/kg to 4 700 μg/kg and the third study was for cereal based foods for infants and young children ranging from 58 μg/kg to 452 μg/kg. For further information on the validation, see Clause 9 and Annex B.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of deoxynivalenol (DON) in cereals (grain and flour), cereal based foods and cereal based foods for infants and young children by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with immunoaffinity cleanup and UV detection. This method has been validated in three interlaboratory studies. The first study was for the analysis of samples of wheat, rice flour, oat flour, maize, polenta, and wheat based breakfast cereal ranging from 85,4 µg/kg to 1 768 µg/kg, the second study was for wheat and maize ranging from 165 µg/kg to 4 700 µg/kg and the third study was for cereal based foods for infants and young children ranging from 58 µg/kg to 452 µg/kg.
For further information on the validation, see Clause 9 and Annex B.
WARNING — The use of this standard can involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of patulin in fruit juices and fruit-based purée, such as baby food purée, using high performance liquid chromatography with ultra-violet detection (HPLC-UV). Using naturally contaminated and spiked samples this method has been validated for the determination of patulin in apple juice, at levels ranging from 3,0 μg/kg to 15,5 μg/kg, and in fruit-based baby food purée, at levels ranging from 3,4 μg/kg to 17,9 μg/kg. Baby food fruit purée (commercially available on the European market) used in this study contained the following ingredients: blueberry; apple; banana; lemon; wheat biscuits; wheat syrup; whole milk; and vegetable oil. A detailed listing, including the fractions, of each product used in this study is given in [1].
Further information on validation, see Clause 9 and Annex B.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of zearalenone in maize based baby food, barley flour, maize flour, polenta, wheat flour and cereal based foods for infants and young children by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with immunoaffinity cleanup and fluorescence detection. This method has been validated in two interlaboratory studies. The first study was for the analysis of samples of maize based baby food, barley flour, maize flour, polenta and wheat flour ranging from 10 µg/kg to 335 µg/kg, and the second study was for samples of cereal based foods for infants and young children ranging from 9 µg/kg to 44 µg/kg. Further information on validation, see Clause 9 and Annex B.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of aflatoxin B1 in baby food by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with immunoaffinity cleanup and fluorescence detection. This method has been validated in an interlaboratory study via the analysis of both naturally contaminated and spiked samples ranging from 0,07 µg/kg to 0,18 µg/kg. For further information on the validation, see Clause 9 and Annex B.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of ochratoxin A in cereal based foods for infants and young children by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with immunoaffinity column cleanup and fluorescence detection. This method has been validated in an interlaboratory study via the analysis of both naturally contaminated and spiked samples ranging from 0,050 μg/kg to 0,217 μg/kg. For further information on the validation see Clause 8 and Annex B. Additional studies have shown that this method is applicable to cereal based baby foods containing 8 different types of cereals, honey and cocoa, at levels up to 3,540 μg/kg, see Annex C.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of ochratoxin A in cereal based foods for infants and young children by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with immunoaffinity column cleanup and fluorescence detection. This method has been validated in an interlaboratory study via the analysis of both naturally contaminated and spiked samples ranging from 0,050 µg/kg to 0,217 µg/kg. For further information on the validation see Clause 8 and Annex B. Additional studies have shown that this method is applicable to cereal based baby foods containing 8 different types of cereals, honey and cocoa, at levels up to 3,540 µg/kg, see Annex C and [6].

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This International Standard specifies the reference method for the determination of the fat content of milkbased infant food s. The method is applicable to liquid, concentrated and dried milk-based infant foods with no, or not more than a mass fract ion of 5 % (dry matter) of such added matter as starch, dextri n, vegetables, fruit, and meat. The method is not applicable t o products which do not dissolve completely in ammonia owing t o the presence of starch or dextrin at mass fractions of more than a few percent, or to the presence of hard lumps. The meth od is also not applicable to products which contain free fatty acids in significant quantities. The results obtained for the se products are too low.

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ISO 8381¦IDF 123:2008 specifies the reference method for the determination of the fat content of milk-based infant foods.
The method is applicable to liquid, concentrated and dried milk-based infant foods with no, or not more than a mass fraction of 5 % (dry matter) of such added matter as starch, dextrin, vegetables, fruit and meat.
The method is not applicable to products which do not dissolve completely in ammonia owing to the presence of starch or dextrin at mass fractions of more than a few percent, or to the presence of hard lumps. The method is also not applicable to products which contain free fatty acids in significant quantities. The results obtained for these products will be too low.

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This European Standard specifies an enzymatic method for the determination of vegetable-containing food for babies and infants °1], °2]. This method is applicable to nitrate contents in the range of 50 mg/kg to 200 mg/kg. °1] c is the substance concentration °2] These reagents are included in commercially available test kits. If these kits are used, follow the manufacturer's instructions.

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This document describes a method for the determination of T-2 toxin and HT-2 toxin in cereals and cereal-based products, e.g. oats, intended for nutrition of infants and young children by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) after cleanup by solid phase extraction (SPE) [5].
The method has been validated for HT-2 toxin in oat flour at levels of 9,3 µg/kg and 28,1 µg/kg, oat flakes at levels of 16,5 µg/kg and 21,4 µg/kg, and breakfast cereals (containing oat flakes) at a level of 8,1 µg/kg and for T-2 toxin in oat flour at levels of 4,4 µg/kg and 8,3 µg/kg, oat flakes at levels of 4,9 µg/kg and 6,6 µg/kg and breakfast cereals (containing oat flakes) at a level of 3,5 µg/kg.
Laboratory experiences [6] have shown that the method is also applicable to highly swelling materials (dry cereal based porridges and modified starches), but these were not examined in the method validation study. Details are outlined in 7.3.
The method can also be applied to oat-by-products at higher levels of T-2- and HT-2 toxin. In this case, the dilution steps need to be considered [6].
The method can also be applied to cereals and cereal products for infants and young children based on e.g. wheat, barley and rice. In this case, the method needs to be in-house-validated for each material. At the time of the interlaboratory study, planned range was 10 µg/kg to 100 µg/kg, and it is known from the pre-study that the method works well in the whole range, although final validation was only done in the range from 3,5 µg/kg to 28,1 µg/kg.

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This document describes a method for the determination of T-2 toxin and HT-2 toxin in cereals and cereal-based products, e.g. oats, intended for nutrition of infants and young children by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) after cleanup by solid phase extraction (SPE) [5].
The method has been validated for HT-2 toxin in oat flour at levels of 9,3 µg/kg and 28,1 µg/kg, oat flakes at levels of 16,5 µg/kg and 21,4 µg/kg, and breakfast cereals (containing oat flakes) at a level of 8,1 µg/kg and for T-2 toxin in oat flour at levels of 4,4 µg/kg and 8,3 µg/kg, oat flakes at levels of 4,9 µg/kg and 6,6 µg/kg and breakfast cereals (containing oat flakes) at a level of 3,5 µg/kg.
Laboratory experiences [6] have shown that the method is also applicable to highly swelling materials (dry cereal based porridges and modified starches), but these were not examined in the method validation study. Details are outlined in 7.3.
The method can also be applied to oat-by-products at higher levels of T-2- and HT-2 toxin. In this case, the dilution steps need to be considered [6].
The method can also be applied to cereals and cereal products for infants and young children based on e.g. wheat, barley and rice. In this case, the method needs to be in-house-validated for each material. At the time of the interlaboratory study, planned range was 10 µg/kg to 100 µg/kg, and it is known from the pre-study that the method works well in the whole range, although final validation was only done in the range from 3,5 µg/kg to 28,1 µg/kg.

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This Technical Specification specifies a method for the determination of fumonisin B1 (FB1) and fumonisin B2 (FB2) in processed maize-containing foods for infants and young children by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with immunoaffinity cleanup and fluorescence detection. This method has been validated in an interlaboratory study via the analysis of both naturally contaminated and spiked samples ranging from 111,6 µg/kg to 458,0 µg/kg for FB1+FB2, 89,1 µg/kg to 384,4 µg/kg for FB1 and 22,5 µg/kg to 73,6 µg/kg for FB2.
For further information on the validation see Clause 8 and Annex B.

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  • Technical specification
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This Technical Specification specifies a method for the determination of fumonisin B1 (FB1) and fumonisin B2 (FB2) in processed maize-containing foods for infants and young children by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with immunoaffinity cleanup and fluorescence detection (FLD). This method has been validated in an interlaboratory study via the analysis of both naturally contaminated and spiked samples ranging from 112 µg/kg to 458 µg/kg for FB1+FB2, 89 µg/kg to 384 µg/kg for FB1 and 22 µg/kg to 74 µg/kg for FB2.
For further information on the validation see Clause 8 and Annex B.

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  • Technical specification
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Migrated from Progress Sheet (TC Comment) (2000-07-10): Shall be // at formal vote level (glg-98-02-06)

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