This International Standard specifies a classification system for solid recovered fuels (SRF)
and a template for the specification of their properties.
SRF are produced from non-hazardous waste.
Excluded:
— untreated municipal solid waste
— Solid Biofuels included in the scope of ISO TC238

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This document determines the fuel quality classes and specifications of graded hog fuel and wood chips for industrial use. It covers only hog fuel and wood chips produced from the following raw materials (see ISO 17225-1, Table 1): —   1.1 Forest, plantation and other virgin wood; —   1.2 By-products and residues from wood processing industry; —   1.3 Used wood; —   1.4 Blends and mixtures. This document covers hog fuel that has pieces of varying size and shape, produced by crushing with blunt tools such as rollers, hammers, or flails, and wood chips which are defined as chipped woody biomass with a sub-rectangular shape and a typical length of 5 mm to 50 mm typically in the form of pieces with a defined particle size produced by mechanical treatment with sharp tools such as knives. See 1.1.2 in ISO 17225-1, Table 1 for by-products and residues from wood processing industry, which can include chemically treated material (e.g. glued, painted, laminated), are not allowed to contain halogenated organic compounds or heavy metals at levels higher than those in typical virgin material values or higher than typical values of the country of origin (see Annex B in ISO 17225-1). NOTE      If 1.4 Blends and mixtures includes 1.3.2 Chemically treated used wood, it can be only used in the installations permitted to use 1.3.2.

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This document determines the fuel quality classes and specifications of graded non-woody pellets. This document covers only non-woody pellets produced from the following raw material (see ISO 17225‑1:2021, Table 1): —   2 Herbaceous biomass —   3 Fruit biomass —   4 Aquatic biomass —   5 Biomass blends and mixtures NOTE 1   Herbaceous biomass originates from plants that have a non-woody stem and which die back at the end of the growing season. It includes grains or seeds crops from food production or processing industry and their by-products such as cereals. NOTE 2   Blends and mixtures include blends and mixtures from the main origin-based solid biofuel groups woody biomass, herbaceous biomass, fruit biomass and aquatic biomass. Blends are intentionally mixed biofuels, whereas mixtures are unintentionally mixed biofuels. The origin of the blend and mixture is to be described using ISO 17225‑1:2021, Table 1. If solid biofuel blend or mixture contains chemically treated material it shall be stated. NOTE 3   Thermally treated biomass pellets (e.g. torrefied pellets) are not included in the scope of this document.

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This document determines the fuel quality classes and specifications of graded non-woody briquettes. This document covers only non-woody briquettes produced from the following raw materials (see ISO 17225‑1:2021, Table 1): —   2 Herbaceous biomass —   3 Fruit biomass —   4 Aquatic biomass —   5 Biomass blends and mixtures NOTE 1   Herbaceous biomass originates from plants that have a non-woody stem and which die back at the end of the growing season. It includes grains or seeds crops from food production or processing industry and their by-products such as cereals. NOTE 2   Blends and mixtures include blends and mixtures from the main origin-based solid biofuel groups woody biomass, herbaceous biomass, fruit biomass and aquatic biomass. Blends are intentionally mixed biofuels, whereas mixtures are unintentionally mixed biofuels. The origin of the blend and mixture is to be described using ISO 17225‑1:2021, Table 1. If solid biofuel blend or mixture contains chemically treated material it shall be stated. NOTE 3             Thermally treated biomass briquettes (e.g. torrefied briquettes) are not included in the scope of this document

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This document determines the fuel quality classes and specifications of graded firewood. This document covers only firewood produced from the following raw materials (see ISO 17725‑1:2021, Table 1): —   1.1.1 Whole trees without roots; —   1.1.3 Stem wood; —   1.1.4 Logging residues (thick branches, tops etc.); —   1.2.1 Chemically untreated by-products and residues from wood processing industry.

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This document addresses the provision of background references that are helpful in defining a more detailed specification for SRF according to its specific end use for energy conversion (EfW plants) and to support the SRF market. The aim is to enable all the interested stakeholders – producers, end users, legislators, local authority bodies and standardization bodies – to guarantee that the SRF complies fully with technical, environmental and economic requirements and to facilitate its social acceptability when utilized for energy conversion. This document is intended to provide references for the specification of SRF produced from non-hazardous waste streams and traded to EfW plants as waste. The quality of such SRF is specified through values for relevant fuel properties, appropriate to the subsequent end uses that have an expected growth or an established/well consolidated role in heat and power generation in waste-to-energy systems: —   coal co-combustion in cement kilns, —   gasification, —   coal co-combustion in power plants. The SRF can also be used in other end-use applications but these are not addressed in this document.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of gross calorific value of solid recovered fuels at constant volume and at the reference temperature 25 °C in a combustion vessel calorimeter calibrated by combustion of certified benzoic acid.

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This document specifies the requirements and test methods for mechanical fittings intended to join plastic pressure piping systems including transition fittings to metal pipes for the following: —   supply of gaseous fuels (GAS); —   supply of water for human consumption (W), including raw water prior to treatment and for the supply of water for general purposes, as well as underground drainage and sewerage under pressure (P); —   supply of water for irrigation (I); —   industrial applications (IS). This document is applicable only to mechanical fittings with operating-temperature and pressure limits as indicated in the relevant systems standards. NOTE      A list of International Standards for plastic pipes for which mechanical fittings can be used can be found in Annex A. Flanges are not covered by this document. Mechanical fittings for hot and cold water systems inside buildings, as well as for district heating applications, are not covered by this document.

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This document gives guidelines for the design, construction and operation of all onshore liquefied natural gas (LNG) installations for the liquefaction, storage, vaporization, transfer and handling of LNG and natural gas (NG).
This document is applicable for plants with an LNG storage capacity above 200 t.
The designated boundary limits are LNG inlet/outlet by the ship’s manifold including vapour return connection, the truck loading/unloading connection including vapour return, the rail car loading/unloading connection including vapour return and the natural gas in and outlet boundary by piping systems.
Terminals or plant types have one or more boundary limits as described in this scope (see Figure 1).
A short description of each of these installations is given in Annex G.
Feed gas for LNG liquefaction installations (plant) can be from gas field, associated gas from oil field, piped gas from transportation grid or from renewables.
Floating solutions (for example FPSO, FSRU, SRV), whether off-shore or near-shore, are not covered by this document even if some concepts, principles or recommendations could be applied. However, in case of berthed FSRU with LNG transfer across the jetty, the following recommendations apply for the jetty and topside facilities.
In case of solutions using floating storage unit (FSU) and land-based re-gasification solution, the on-shore part is covered by these standard recommendations.
Plants with a storage inventory from 5 t up to 200 t are covered by [5].

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This document describes a method for determination of sorption of graded thermally treated and densified biomass fuels such as classified in ISO/TS 17225-8.
Apart from pelletized materials as described in ISO/TS 17225-8, the method can also be applied to non-compressed or non-densified thermally treated biomass as specified in ISO 17225-1 Table 14 and Table 15.

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This part of ISO 16486 specifies the requirements of fitness for purpose of the unplasticized polyamide (PA-U) piping system, intended to be buried and used for the supply of gaseous fuels. It also specifies the definitions of electrofusion and butt fusion joints.
This part of ISO 16486 specifies the method of preparation of test piece joints and the tests to be carried out on these joints for assessing the fitness for purpose of the system under normal and extreme conditions. It also specifies the test parameters for the test methods to which it refers.
ISO 16486 is applicable to PA-U piping systems the components of which are connected by fusion jointing and/or mechanical jointing.
In conjunction with the other parts of ISO 16486, it is applicable to PA-U fittings, their joints and to joints with components of PA-U.

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This document determines the fuel quality classes and specifications for solid biofuels of raw and processed materials originating from a) forestry and arboriculture; b) agriculture and horticulture; c) aquaculture. Chemically treated material may not include halogenated organic compounds or heavy metals at levels higher than those in typical virgin material values (see Annex B) or higher than typical values of the country of origin. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â Â Raw and processed material includes woody, herbaceous, fruit, aquatic biomass and biodegradable waste originating from above sectors.

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This document provides specific requirements and guidance for the design and operation of floating LNG storage and regasification units (FSRU) described in ISO 20257-1. This document is applicable to offshore, near-shore or docked FSRUs and to both new-built and converted FSRUs. This document includes requirements to the jetty when an FSRU is moored to a jetty.

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This document specifies procedures for the size analysis of coke by manual and/or low impact mechanical sieving, using square or round holed sieves of aperture sizes between 125 mm and 0,5 mm. Guidance on handling the sampling and sizing of coke products greater than 125 mm is given in Annex A.

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This document specifies a method for determining the adhesion of a bituminous emulsion coated onto aggregate when immersed in water.
The method considers two different aspects of adhesivity, i.e. immediate adhesivity and water effect on binder adhesion.
The method may be used with a reference aggregate. In that case, it measures the intrinsic adhesion behaviour of a bituminous emulsion. The method may also be used with a specific aggregate as used on a job site.
WARNING -The use of this document may involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This document does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this document to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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This document determines the fuel quality classes and specifications of graded wood pellets for non-industrial and industrial use. This document covers only wood pellets produced from the following raw materials (see ISO 17225‑1:2021, Table 1): —   1.1 Forest, plantation and other virgin wood; —   1.2 By-products and residues from wood processing industry; —   1.3.1 Chemically untreated used wood. Thermally treated biomass pellets (e.g. torrefied pellets) are not included in the scope of this document.

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This document specifies an encoding system for data of components, assembly methods and jointing operations for polyethylene (PE) piping systems for gas, water and other industrial applications. These data can be used in a traceability system and/or used to perform the fusion of components by using equipment as specified in ISO 12176‑1 and in ISO 12176‑2. This encoding system is explained in ISO/IEC 16022, ISO/IEC 18004 and ISO/IEC 24778 which refer to established code types, e.g. QR code. Data to be encoded are: fusion cycle(s), traceability of manufactured products, other manufacturer’s information that can also be given on websites such as voluntary certificates of quality and approvals. This document specifies the export of data (type, format and sequence) from a data retrieval system. Provisions of this document are applicable to polyethylene components conforming to ISO 4427‑2, ISO 4427‑3, ISO 4437‑2, ISO 4437‑3, ISO 4437‑4 and ISO 15494, and can also be applicable to any other components used in PE systems. ISO 13950 and ISO 12176‑4, which partly cover the fields of application of this document, can be used in parallel.

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This document specifies the requirements of fitness for purpose of unplasticized polyamide (PA-U) piping system, intended to be buried and used for the supply of gaseous fuels. It also specifies the definitions of electrofusion and butt fusion joints. This document specifies the method of preparation of test piece joints and the tests to be carried out on these joints for assessing the fitness for purpose of the system under normal and extreme conditions. It also specifies the test parameters for the test methods to which it refers. The ISOÂ 16486 series is applicable to PA-U piping systems, the components of which are connected by fusion jointing and/or mechanical jointing. In conjunction with the other parts of ISOÂ 16486, it is applicable to PA-U fittings, their joints and to joints with components of PA-U.

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This document specifies a classification system for solid recovered fuels (SRF), and a template containing a list of characteristics for the specification of their properties, enabling trade and use of SRF supporting the protection of the environment. SRF are produced from non-hazardous waste. NOTEÂ 1Â Â Â Untreated municipal solid waste as such cannot be considered SRF. Untreated municipal solid waste can however be feedstock to plants producing SRF. NOTEÂ 2Â Â Â Chemically treated solid biofuels that do not contain halogenated organic compounds or heavy metals at levels higher than those in typical virgin material, can be defined as solid biofuels and thus be part of the standard series ISOÂ 17225[1].

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the manual and automated closed cup flash
point of combustible liquids having flash points between –30,0 °C to 75,0 °C. However, the precision
given for this method is only valid for flash points in the range −8,5 °C to 75,0 °C.
This document is not applicable to water-borne paints.
NOTE 1 Water borne paints can be tested using ISO 3679[1].
NOTE 2 See 9.1 for the importance of this test in avoiding loss of volatile materials.
NOTE 3 Liquids containing halogenated compounds can give anomalous results.
NOTE 4 The thermometer specified for the manual apparatus limits the upper test temperature to 70,0 °C.
NOTE 5 See 13.1 for more specific information related to precision.

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This document specifies the technical delivery conditions for steel pipes (casing, tubing and pup joints),
coupling stock, coupling material and accessory material.
By agreement between the purchaser and manufacturer, this document can also be applied to other
plain-end pipe sizes and wall thicknesses.
This document is applicable to the following connections:
— short round thread casing (SC);
— long round thread casing (LC);
— buttress thread casing (BC);
— non-upset tubing (NU);
— external upset tubing (EU);
— integral-joint tubing (IJ).
NOTE 1 For further information, see API Spec 5B.
For such connections, this document specifies the technical delivery conditions for couplings and
thread protection.
NOTE 2 Supplementary requirements that can optionally be agreed for enhanced leak resistance connections
(LC) are given in A.9 SR22.
This document can also be applied to tubulars with connections not covered by ISO or API standards.
This document is applicable to products including the following grades of pipe: H40, J55, K55, N80, L80,
C90, R95, T95, P110, C110 and Q125.
This document is not applicable to threading requirements.
NOTE 3 Dimensional requirements on threads and thread gauges, stipulations on gauging practice, gauge
specifications, as well as, instruments and methods for inspection of threads are given in API Spec 5B.

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The method should be useable for all SRF and will make it possible to obtain a representative sample from a large stock of SRF

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This document specifies a method for the determination of water sorption in a laboratory setting and provides a measure for how the durability is impacted as a result of immersion in water. Post-immersion durability reduction is calculated as the difference between the durability of the as-received sample and the durability of the wetted product.

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This Standard specifies the requirements and a method for the determination of volatile matter of solid
recovered fuels.

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This Standard specifies a method for the determination of ash content of all solid recovered fuels.

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This International Standard specifies a method for the determination of moisture in an analysis sample
by drying the sample in an oven. It is applicable to all solid recovered fuels.

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This document specifies a procedure, at temperatures up to 100 °C, to determine whether a liquid product, that would be classified as “flammable” by virtue of its flash point, sustains combustion at the temperature(s) specified e.g. in regulations. NOTE      Many national and international regulations classify liquids as presenting a flammable hazard based on their flash point, as determined by a recognized method. Some of these regulations allow a derogation if the substance cannot “sustain combustion” at some specified temperature(s). The procedure is applicable to paints (including water-borne paints), varnishes, paint binders, solvents, petroleum or related products and adhesives, that have a flash point. It is not applicable to painted surfaces in respect of assessing their potential fire hazards. This test method is applicable, in addition to test methods for flash point, for assessing the fire hazard of a product.

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This document provides requirements for the operation (“user manual”) of vehicles using CNG (fossil and renewable) as fuel, giving recommendations of good, safe and environmental friendly practices for users, including transit through specific areas (tunnels, ferries, etc.), refuelling, parking, and workshops, and also giving instructions in case of accident. This document also provides requirements concerning competence, knowledge and ability of workshops' operatives as well as any other matter concerned with safety.

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This document determines the fuel quality classes and specifications of graded wood chips. This
document covers only wood chips produced from the following raw materials (see ISO 17225-1:2021,
Table 1):
• 1.1 Forest, plantation and other virgin wood;
• 1.2 By-products and residues from wood processing industry;
• 1.3.1 Chemically untreated used wood.
This document covers only wood chips, which are produced with sharp tools, and does not cover hog
fuel, which is produced with blunt tools.

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This International Standard provides principles and requirements for safe handling and
storage of solid recovered fuels (SRF).
The International Standard covers the handling, transportation and storage of SRF
throughout the supply chain, from the point of reception of non-hazardous waste.

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This European Standard lays down harmonized identifiers for marketed liquid and gaseous fuels. The requirements in this standard are set to complement information needs of users regarding the fuel- and vehicle-compatibility that are placed on the market. The development of this standard focused on vehicles placed on the market for the first time, which does not preclude the application of this standard also to vehicles already in circulation. The identifier is intended to be visualized at dispensers and refuelling points, on vehicles, in motor vehicle dealerships and in consumer manuals as described in this document.
Marketed fuels include for example petroleum-derived fuels, synthetic fuels, biofuels, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, hydrogen and biogas and blends of the aforementioned delivered to non-stationary applications.

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This document determines the fuel quality classes and specifications of graded wood briquettes.
This document covers only wood briquettes produced from the following raw materials (see
ISO 17225-1: 2021, Table 1):
— 1.1 Forest, plantation and other virgin wood
— 1.2 By-products and residues from wood processing industry
— 1.3.1 Chemically untreated used wood
NOTE Thermally treated biomass briquettes (e.g. torrefied briquettes) are not included in the scope of this
document.

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This document specifies a procedure for rating the tendencies of gas turbine fuels to deposit decomposition products within the fuel system. It is applicable to middle distillate and wide-cut fuels and is particularly specified for the performance of aviation gas turbine fuels. The test results are indicative of fuel thermal oxidation stability during gas turbine operation and can be used to assess the level of deposits that form when liquid fuel contacts a heated surface at a specified temperature. This method is also applicable to aviation turbine fuel that consists of conventional and synthetic blending components as defined in the scope of for instance ASTM D7566[1] and Def Stan 91-091[2]. NOTE      For the benefit of those using older instruments, non-SI-units and recalculated numbers are given in between brackets where they are more suitable.

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This document specifies requirements for and gives guidance on the application of life cycle costing
to create value for the development activities and operations associated with drilling, exploitation,
processing and transport of petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas resources. This document
covers facilities and associated activities within different business categories (upstream, midstream,
downstream and petrochemical).
The life cycle costing process as described in this document is applicable when making decisions
between competing options that are differentiated by cost and/or economic value. This document is not
concerned with decision-making related to the economic performance of individual options or options
differentiated by factors other than cost or economic value.
Guidance is provided on the management methodology and application of life cycle costing in support
of decision-making across life cycle phases. The extent of planning and management depends on the
magnitude of the costs involved, the potential value that can be created and the life cycle phase. It also
provides the means of identifying cost drivers and provides a cost-control framework for these cost
drivers, allowing effective cost control and optimization over the entire life of an asset.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the manual and automated closed cup flash point of combustible liquids having flash points between –30,0 °C to 75,0 °C. However, the precision given for this method is only valid for flash points in the range −8,5 °C to 75,0 °C. This document is not applicable to water-borne paints. NOTE 1  Water borne paints can be tested using ISO 3679[1]. NOTE 2  See 9.1 for the importance of this test in avoiding loss of volatile materials. NOTE 3  Liquids containing halogenated compounds can give anomalous results. NOTE 4  The thermometer specified for the manual apparatus limits the upper test temperature to 70,0 °C. NOTE 5  See 13.1 for more specific information related to precision.

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This document provides requirements and guidelines for marine geophysical investigations. It is applicable to operators/end users, contractors and public and regulatory authorities concerned with marine site investigations for offshore structures for petroleum and natural gas industries. This document provides requirements, specifications, and guidance for: a) objectives, planning, and quality management; b) positioning; c) seafloor mapping, including instrumentation and acquisition parameters, acquisition methods, and deliverables; d) sub-seafloor mapping, including seismic instrumentation and acquisition parameters, and non-seismic-reflection methods; e) reporting; f) data integration, interpretation, and investigation of geohazards. This document is applicable to investigation of the seafloor and the sub-seafloor, from shallow coastal waters to water depths of 3 000 m and more. It provides guidance for the integration of the results from marine soil investigations and marine geophysical investigations with other relevant datasets. NOTE 1 The depth of interest for sub-seafloor mapping depends on the objectives of the investigation. For offshore construction, the depths of investigation are typically in the range 1 m below seafloor to 200 m below seafloor. Some methods for sub-seafloor mapping can also achieve much greater investigation depths, for example for assessing geohazards for hydrocarbon well drilling. There is a fundamental difference between seafloor mapping and sub-seafloor mapping: seafloor signal resolution can be specified, while sub-seafloor signal resolution and penetration cannot. This document therefore contains requirements for the use of certain techniques for certain types of seafloor mapping and sub-seafloor mapping (similarly, requirements are given for certain aspects of data processing). If other techniques can be shown to obtain the same information, with the same or better resolution and accuracy, then those techniques may be used. Mapping of pre-drilling well-site geohazards beneath the seafloor is part of the scope of this document. NOTE 2 This implies depths of investigation that are typically 200 m below the first pressure-containment casing string or 1 000 m below the seafloor, whichever is greatest. Mapping of pre-drilling well-site geohazards is therefore the deepest type of investigation covered by this document. In this document, positioning information relates only to the positioning of survey platforms, sources and receivers. The processes used to determine positions of seafloor and sub-seafloor data points are not covered in this document. Guidance only is given in this document for the use of marine shear waves (A.8.3.3), marine surface waves (A.8.3.4), electrical resistivity imaging (A.8.3.5) and electromagnetic imaging (A.8.3.6).

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This document specifies methods for taking samples of solid recovered fuels for example from production plants, from deliveries or from stock. It includes manual and mechanical methods. It is not applicable to solid recovered fuels that are formed by liquid or sludge, but it includes dewatered sludge.

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This document specifies the requirements and a method for the determination of volatile matter of solid recovered fuels.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of moisture in a general analysis sample by drying the sample in an oven. This method is suitable for use for general analysis samples in accordance with CEN/TS 15414‑1[3][1]. It is applicable to all solid recovered fuels. If solid recovered fuels contain large amounts of oil-fractions the Karl-Fischer-Method (for example ISO 760) is advisable. Otherwise, a lower temperature is recommended (e.g. 50 °C ± 10 °C) and a longer drying time until constant mass is achieved. NOTE The term moisture content, when used with recovered materials, can be misleading since solid recovered materials, e. g. biomass, frequently contain varying amounts of volatile compounds (extractives) which can evaporate when determining the moisture content of the general analyses sample by oven drying. [1] The adoption of the standard series EN 15414 as standard series ISO 21660 is planned. ISO 21660‑3 is published in parallel at CEN level as EN 21660-3.

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This document specifies requirements and recommendations for the site-specific assessment of mobile floating units for use in the petroleum and natural gas industries. It addresses the installed phase, at a specific site, of manned non-evacuated, manned evacuated and unmanned mobile floating units. This document addresses mobile floating units that are monohull (e.g. ship-shaped vessels or barges); column-stabilized, commonly referred to as semi-submersibles; or other hull forms (e.g. cylindrical/conical shaped). It is not applicable to tension leg platforms. Stationkeeping can be provided by a mooring system, a thruster assisted mooring system, or dynamic positioning. The function of the unit can be broad, including drilling, floatel, tender assist, etc. In situations where hydrocarbons are being produced, there can be additional requirements. This document does not address all site considerations, and certain specific locations can require additional assessment. This document is applicable only to mobile floating units that are structurally sound and adequately maintained, which is normally demonstrated through holding a valid RCS classification certificate. This document does not address design, transportation to and from site, or installation and removal from site. This document sets out the requirements for site-specific assessments, but generally relies on other documents to supply the details of how the assessments are to be undertaken. In general: — ISO 19901‑7 is referenced for the assessment of the stationkeeping system; — ISO 19904‑1 is referenced to determine the effects of the metocean actions on the unit; — ISO 19906 is referenced for arctic and cold regions; — the hull structure and air gap are assessed by use of a comparison between the site-specific metocean conditions and its design conditions, as set out in the RCS approved operations manual; — ISO 13624‑1 and ISO/TR 13624‑2[1] are referenced for the assessment of the marine drilling riser of mobile floating drilling units. Equivalent alternative methodologies can be used; — IMCA M 220 is referenced for developing an activity specific operating guidelines. Agreed alternative methodologies can be used. NOTE RCS rules and the IMO MODU code[13] provide guidance for design and general operation of mobile floating units.

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2021-01-15 - JE- TC - Corrects the wording related to Formula (6) in 5.5.1.2.1.4, 5.5.1.2.2.3, 5.5.1.3.3, 5.5.1.4.3, 5.12.2.1.3, 5.12.2.2.3 and 5.19.20.4.3 + Consolidated text not in XML, as mother standard EN 12514:2020 was not prepared in XML

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This document establishes the general principles for the evaluation and minimization of the effects of stray current corrosion on external surfaces of buried or immersed pipeline systems caused by AC and DC electrical interference. Other stray current effects such as overheating, and interference with welding operations are not covered in this document. A brief description of AC effects, general principles and some guidelines, are provided. NOTE 1 See ISO 18086 for the effects of alternating current on buried or immersed pipelines. Systems that can also be affected by stray currents include buried or immersed metal structures such as the following: a) pipeline systems; b) metal sheathed cables; c) tanks and vessels; d) earthing systems; e) steel reinforcement in concrete; f) sheet steel piling. This document gives guidelines for — the design of cathodic protection systems that might produce stray currents, — the design of pipeline systems, or elements of pipeline systems, which are buried or immersed, and which can be subject to stray current corrosion, and — the selection of appropriate protection or mitigation measures. Internal corrosion risks from stray currents are not dealt with in detail in this document but principles and measures described here can be applicable for minimizing the interference effects. NOTE 2 The impact of electromagnetic interference on above-ground appurtenances of pipeline systems is covered in EN 50443, IEC 61140, IEC 60364-4-41, IEC 60479-1, IEC 60364-5-52, IEC/TS 61201 and IEC/TR 60479-5. This document can also be used for pipeline systems outside of the petrochemical and natural gas industries and other buried or immersed structures. NOTE 3 EN 50162 provides guidance for railway related structures.

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This document specifies methods for the determination of ash content of all solid recovered fuels.

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This document specifies requirements for and gives guidance on the application of life cycle costing to create value for the development activities and operations associated with drilling, exploitation, processing and transport of petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas resources. This document covers facilities and associated activities within different business categories (upstream, midstream, downstream and petrochemical). The life cycle costing process as described in this document is applicable when making decisions between competing options that are differentiated by cost and/or economic value. This document is not concerned with decision-making related to the economic performance of individual options or options differentiated by factors other than cost or economic value. Guidance is provided on the management methodology and application of life cycle costing in support of decision-making across life cycle phases. The extent of planning and management depends on the magnitude of the costs involved, the potential value that can be created and the life cycle phase. It also provides the means of identifying cost drivers and provides a cost-control framework for these cost drivers, allowing effective cost control and optimization over the entire life of an asset.

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This document provides principles and requirements for safe handling, treatment and storage of solid recovered fuels (SRF), prepared from non-hazardous waste, to be used for energy purposes. This document covers process stages from point of acceptance of material to point of delivery of SRF. This document excludes fuels that are included in the scope of ISO/TC 238 Solid biofuels and ISO/TC 28 Petroleum products and related products of synthetic or biological origin. It uses a risk-based approach to determine what safety measures are to be considered. Although unloading and loading of e.g. vessels, trains or trucks are included, the safety issues following the loading and transport itself are not.

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