This document specifies a method for the determination of the tendency of vulcanized or thermoplastic rubbers to adhere to and to corrode metals when exposed to a specified test environment.

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This document specifies two methods for the determination of volatile-matter content in raw rubbers by using a hot mill or an oven. These methods are applicable to the determination of the volatile-matter content in the “R” group of rubbers listed in ISO 1629. These are rubbers having an unsaturated carbon chain, for example natural rubber and synthetic rubbers derived at least partly from di-olefins. These methods can also be applicable to other raw rubbers, but in these cases it is necessary to demonstrate that the change in mass is due solely to loss of actual volatile matter and not to rubber degradation. The hot-mill method is not applicable to natural rubber, to synthetic rubbers which are too difficult to handle on a hot mill or to synthetic rubbers in powder or chip form. The two methods do not necessarily give identical results. Therefore, in the case of dispute, the oven method, procedure A, is the reference method. NOTE      The applicability of each test method to various types of rubber is summarized in Annex A.

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This document specifies the environmental conditions to evaluate the accelerated degradation for the adhesion interface performance in plastic-metal assemblies.

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This document specifies the requirements for biaxially oriented polypropylene (PP) films, which are mainly used for packaging. The film can be used alone or in laminates with other films. This document applies only to films composed of more than 95Â % (by mass) of polypropylene.

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This document specifies the test methods for quality control of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) extruded double- and triple-skin flat sheets, obtained from colourless and coloured transparent, translucent and opaque grades of materials. The minimum sheet width is 600Â mm. The main applications of these sheets are in building and agriculture (greenhouses).

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This document specifies a method, by measuring the amount of carbon dioxide evolved, for the determination of the degree of aerobic biodegradability of plastic materials, including those containing formulation additives. The test material is exposed in a synthetic medium under standardized laboratory conditions to an inoculum from activated sludge under aerobic conditions. The conditions used in this document do not necessarily correspond to the optimum conditions allowing maximum biodegradation to occur, but this test method is designed to measure the biodegradation of plastic materials and give an indication of their potential biodegradability. The method enables the assessment of the biodegradation to be improved by calculating a carbon balance (optional, see Annex C). The method applies to the following materials: —   natural and/or synthetic polymers, copolymers or mixtures thereof; —   plastic materials which contain additives such as plasticizers, colorants or other compounds; —   water-soluble polymers; —   materials which, under the test conditions, do not inhibit the microorganisms present in the inoculum. Inhibitory effects can be determined using an inhibition control or by another appropriate method (see, for example, ISO 8192[1]). If the test material is inhibitory to the inoculum, a lower test concentration, another inoculum or a pre-exposed inoculum can be used.

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This document specifies test procedures for the acquisition and presentation of multipoint data which demonstrate the behaviour of plastics under the following environments: —   prolonged exposure to heat; —   liquid chemicals; —   environmental stress cracking under a constant tensile stress; —   artificial weathering. The tests are listed in order of increasing severity of the environment. By testing under the least severe environments first, it is possible to make informed judgements regarding whether tests under more severe conditions are worthwhile.

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This document specifies test procedures for the acquisition and presentation of multipoint data on the following mechanical properties of plastics: —   dynamic modulus; —   tensile properties at constant test speed; —   ultimate stress and strain; —   tensile stress-strain curves; —   tensile creep; —   Charpy impact strength; —   puncture impact behaviour. The test methods and test conditions apply predominantly to those plastics that can be injection- or compression-moulded or prepared as sheets of specified thickness from which specimens of the appropriate size can be machined.

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This document specifies the requirements and test methods for solid flat extruded sheets of impact-modified polystyrene (PS-I) without fillers and reinforcing materials. This document applies only to thickness 0,25Â mm to 20,0Â . It also applies to PS-I sheet in roll form.

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This document specifies general terms and definitions that are used in the context of rotational and
oscillatory rheometry.
Further terms and definitions can be found in the other parts of the ISO 3219 series where they are
used.

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This document specifies the general principles of rotational and oscillatory rheometry.
Detailed information is presented in Annex A. Further background information is covered in subsequent
parts of the ISO 3219 series, which are currently in preparation.

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This part of ISO 16486 specifies the requirements of fitness for purpose of the unplasticized polyamide (PA-U) piping system, intended to be buried and used for the supply of gaseous fuels. It also specifies the definitions of electrofusion and butt fusion joints.
This part of ISO 16486 specifies the method of preparation of test piece joints and the tests to be carried out on these joints for assessing the fitness for purpose of the system under normal and extreme conditions. It also specifies the test parameters for the test methods to which it refers.
ISO 16486 is applicable to PA-U piping systems the components of which are connected by fusion jointing and/or mechanical jointing.
In conjunction with the other parts of ISO 16486, it is applicable to PA-U fittings, their joints and to joints with components of PA-U.

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This document specifies the method for measuring relative wet grip braking performance index to a reference under loaded conditions for new tyres for use on passenger cars on a wet-paved surface. The methods developed are meant to reduce variability. The use of a reference tyre is necessary to limit the variability of the testing procedures. This document applies to all passenger car tyres except for: —   special-use tyres marked with "ET"; —   T-type temporary spare tyres; —   tyres fitted with additional devices to improve traction properties (e.g. studded tyres).

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This document specifies test methods for the measurement of the physical degradation of samples made with plastics materials when exposed to marine environmental matrices under aerobic conditions at laboratory scale. This document is not suitable for the assessment of degradation caused by heat (thermo-degradation) or light exposure (photo-degradation).

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This document specifies requirements for non-modified flat poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) continuous cast sheets for general-purpose use. The sheets can be colourless or coloured, and can be transparent, translucent or opaque. The thickness range of the sheets covered by document is 1Â mm to 10Â mm.

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ISO 6605:2017 specifies uniform test methods for evaluating the performance of hoses and hose assemblies (hoses and attached hose fittings) used in hydraulic fluid power systems.
Specific tests and performance criteria for evaluating hoses and hose assemblies used in hydraulic applications are in accordance with the requirements of the respective product (hoses or hose fitting) specifications.

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This document covers the determination of the total luminous transmittance, in the visible region of the spectrum, of planar transparent plastics and substantially colourless plastics, using a double-beam scanning spectrophotometer. This document cannot be used for plastics which contain fluorescent materials. This document is applicable to transparent moulding materials, films and sheets not exceeding 10Â mm in thickness. NOTEÂ 1Â Â Total luminous transmittance can also be determined by a single-beam instrument as in ISOÂ 13468-1. NOTEÂ 2Â Â Substantially colourless plastics include those which are faintly tinted. NOTEÂ 3Â Â Specimens more than 10Â mm thick can be measured provided the instrument can accommodate them, but the results cannot be comparable with those obtained using specimens less than 10Â mm thick.

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This document specifies terms and definitions for different PVC based materials used for the production of unplasticized polyvinylchloride (PVC-U) profiles for windows and doors.
It describes the content and meaning of post-consumer and post-industrial recyclate as it is used in new products. It distinguishes between different PVC recepies used in production for PVC window and door profiles.
This document shall serve as the reference standard for definitions used in related standards such as all parts of EN 12608, EN 17410 or standards for PVC based profiles for building applications.

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This document provides quality levels for imperfections in thermoplastics welded joints. It applies to material thickness above 2,0 mm.
Three quality levels are given in order to permit application for a wide range of welded fabrication. They are designated by symbols B, C and D, where B is the most stringent. The quality levels refer to production quality and not to the fitness-for-purpose (see 3.2) of the manufactured product.
This document applies to the following thermoplastic materials in Table 1:
Table 1 - Thermoplastic materials
Abbreviation   Material description
ABS   Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene plastic
ECTFE   Ethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene copolymer
FEP   Fluorinated ethylene propylene
PA-U        Unplasticized Polyamide
PB   Polybutylene
PE   Polyethylene
PFA   Perfluoroalkoxy
PP-B   Polypropylene block copolymer
PP-H   Polypropylene homopolymer
PP-R   Polypropylene random copolymer
PVC-C   Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride
PVC-U   Unplasticised polyvinyl chloride (rigid PVC)
PVDF   Polyvinylidene fluoride
and to the following welding processes:
-   heated tool welding;
-   electrofusion welding;
-   hot gas welding using filler rod only;
-   extrusion welding;
-   solvent welding of pipes.

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This document defines a method of specifying delivery conditions for polyethylene (PE) recyclates.
It gives the most important characteristics and associated test methods for assessing PE recyclates intended for use in the production of semi-finished/finished products.
It is intended to support parties involved in the use of recycled PE to agree on specifications for specific and generic applications.
This document is applicable without prejudice to any existing legislation.
This document does not cover the characterization of plastics wastes (see EN 15347).

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This document specifies a procedure for the determination of an elasticity index based on measurements of the shear storage modulus using oscillatory rheometers, establishes general principles, and gives guidelines for performance of measurements. The elasticity index is applicable to all thermoplastics and viscoelastic materials for which the elastic behaviour is a crucial application property.

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This document specifies the requirements and test methods for solid flat extruded sheets of polyethylene homopolymers (PE-HD) without fillers or reinforcing materials. This document is applicable only to thicknesses of 0,5Â mm to 40Â mm. It also applies to PE-HD sheet in rolled form.

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This document specifies a method for the separation of overlapping thermal transitions of plastics related to reversing and non-reversing heat flow rate, using temperature modulated differential scanning calorimetry.

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This document specifies a method for determination by melt filtration of solid contaminants content in a sample of recycled thermoplastic material, evaluating their number and, optionally, their size and substance (material).

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This document specifies the general principles of rotational and oscillatory rheometry. Detailed information is presented in Annex A. Further background information is covered in subsequent parts of the ISO 3219 series, which are currently in preparation.

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This document specifies general terms and definitions that are used in the context of rotational and oscillatory rheometry. Further terms and definitions can be found in the other parts of the ISOÂ 3219 series where they are used.

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This document specifies the requirements of fitness for purpose of unplasticized polyamide (PA-U) piping system, intended to be buried and used for the supply of gaseous fuels. It also specifies the definitions of electrofusion and butt fusion joints. This document specifies the method of preparation of test piece joints and the tests to be carried out on these joints for assessing the fitness for purpose of the system under normal and extreme conditions. It also specifies the test parameters for the test methods to which it refers. The ISOÂ 16486 series is applicable to PA-U piping systems, the components of which are connected by fusion jointing and/or mechanical jointing. In conjunction with the other parts of ISOÂ 16486, it is applicable to PA-U fittings, their joints and to joints with components of PA-U.

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This document specifies methods for determining the compressive strength and corresponding relative
deformation, the compressive stress at 10 % relative deformation, and the compressive modulus of
rigid cellular plastics.

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This document defines a test method used to determine the degree of disintegration of plastic materials
in a pilot-scale aerobic composting test under defined conditions. It forms part of an overall scheme for
the evaluation of the industrial compostability of plastics as outlined in ISO 17088.
The test method laid down in this document is also used to determine the influence of the test material
on the composting process and the quality of the compost obtained. This test method cannot be used to
determine the aerobic biodegradability of a test material.
NOTE Other methods are available for this test (for example, see ISO 14851, ISO 14852 or ISO 14855-1 and
ISO 14855-2).

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This document specifies procedures and requirements for plastics, and products made from plastics, that are suitable for recovery through organic recycling. The four following aspects are addressed: a) disintegration during composting; b) ultimate aerobic biodegradation; c) no adverse effects of compost on terrestrial organisms; d) control of constituents. These four aspects are suitable to assess the effects on the industrial composting process. This document is intended to be used as the basis for systems of labelling and claims for compostable plastics materials and products. This document does not provide information on requirements for the biodegradability of plastics which end up in the environment as litter. It is also not applicable to biological treatment undertaken in small installations by householders. NOTE 1   The recovery of compostable plastics through composting can be carried out under the conditions found in well-managed industrial composting processes, where the temperature, water content, aerobic conditions, carbon/nitrogen ratio and processing conditions are optimized. Such conditions are generally obtained in industrial and municipal composting plants. Under these conditions, compostable plastics disintegrate and biodegrade at rates comparable to yard trimmings, kraft paper bags and food scraps. NOTE 2   “Compostable” or “compostable in municipal and industrial composting facilities” are expressions considered to be equivalent to organically recyclable for the purposes of this document.

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This document specifies the continuous measurement method of shrinkage for thermosetting resin and/or UV curable resin.

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This Standard specifies the safety requisites requirements and their verification for the design and building  of machines (see the definition in point 3.2) for mounting and demounting tyres on the vehicles listed below and identified according to the international categories M1, M2, N1, O1, O2, L4 and L5:
a) cars
b) buses
c) lorries
d) motor-vehicles for specific or special transport
e) mobile homes
f) cargo trailers
g) car trailers
h) motorised quadricycles
i) motor vehicles
j) mopeds
k) agricultural machines (if the wheel/tyre dimensions are compatible with the maximum dimensions indicated in the tyre changer user instructions)
The vehicles listed in points a) to f) must have an overall full-load mass no greater than 3.5 t.
These machines are designed to ensure the tyre is correctly fitted on the wheel in safe conditions. The standard describes how to eliminate or reduce the risks resulting from the foreseen use (or improper but reasonably foreseeable use) of these machines by the operator during normal operation and service. In addition, it specifies the type of information that the manufacturer must supply with regards to safe working procedures.
The Standard describes all the significant hazards (as listed in Table 1) and the danger situations and events relating to these machines.
This Standard does not apply to hazards regarding maintenance or repairs carried out by professional maintenance personnel.

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This document specifies test methods for the determination of the suitability of two component epoxy and two component polyurethane adhesives for glued-in steel rods in glued laminated timber (GLT) and glued solid timber (GST) according to EN 14080, cross laminated timber (CLT) according to EN 16351 and laminated veneer lumber (LVL) according to EN 14374.
It specifies performance requirements and the determination of characteristic bond strength values for such adhesives for the prefabrication under factory or factory-like conditions of load-bearing timber-steel rod joints only. This document does not cover the performance of adhesives for on-site gluing (except for factory-like conditions).
Several provisions of this document can apply to repair and upgrading of existing timber structures including (cracked/fissured) solid wood beams. For adhesives for on-site repair or applications with solid timber additional provisions need to be taken into account. Such provisions are not part of this document.
This document also covers glued–in rods in surface treated wood. It does not cover glued-in rods in modified and stabilized wood with considerably reduced swelling and shrinkage properties, e.g. such as acetylated wood, heat treated wood, polymer impregnated wood and preservative treated wood.
The joints are intended for load-bearing timber structures subjected to temperatures up to 60 °C over a longer time in service classes 1 and 2 which are loaded predominantly static or quasi static according to EN 1990 and EN 1991-1-1.
A design procedure for glued-in rods for timber structures is given in an informative Annex A.

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This document defines the general conditions for the determination of the reduced viscosity, intrinsic
viscosity and K‑value of organic polymers in dilute solution. It defines the standard parameters that are
applied to viscosity measurement.
This document is used to develop standards for measuring the viscosities in solution of individual types
of polymer. It is also used to measure and report the viscosities of polymers in solution for which no
separate standards exist.

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This document establishes the requirements and test methods for rubber and plastics suction hoses for fire-fighting purposes. These hoses can also be used manually to supply unpressurized water to the pump or for water discharge. NOTE      All pressures are expressed in megapascals and in bar (1 MPa = 10 bar). Additional requirements are specified for hose assemblies, that is, hoses with couplings already fitted, where this is carried out by the hose manufacturer (see Clause 8). Type A (rubber) hoses are intended for use at a minimum temperature of −20 °C and Type B (thermoplastics) hoses are intended for use at a minimum temperature of −10 °C.

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This document describes a method for defining requirements for plastic materials used in extrusion-based additive manufacturing (AM) processes. Materials include unfilled, filled, and reinforced plastic materials suitable for processing into parts. These materials can also contain special additives (e.g. flame retardants, stabilizers, etc.). Processes include all material extrusion-based AM processes.
This document is intended for use by manufacturers of materials, feedstocks, plastic parts or any combination of the three using material extrusion-based AM.
NOTE In some cases, material manufacturers can also be feedstock manufacturers. In other cases, a material manufacturer can supply materials (example: pellets) to a feedstock manufacturer (example: converter of pellets into filaments).
This document does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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This Technical Specification describes specific functional recommendations for the safe
design, handling, installation and operation of unplasticized polyamide (PA-U) gas piping
systems with fusion jointing and mechanical jointing with
a)  a maximum operating pressure (MOP) up to and including 16 bar;
b)  an operating temperature between -20 °C and +40 °C.
This Technical Specification covers PA pipes single layer solid wall.
This Technical Specification should be applied complementary to the functional requirements
in EN 12007-2.

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This European standard specifies test methods for determination of the suitability of two component epoxy and polyurethane adhesives for on-site repair of cracked timber structures. The standard specifies minimum requirements on bond strength and integrity. The standard provides minimum on-site repair provisions and specifies test and minimum strength requirements with drill cores from on-site repaired timber structures for verification of bond strength and integrity.

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This document specifies the general principles of a method for determining the transient extensional viscosity of polymer melts. The procedure details the measurement of polymer melt specimens stretched uniaxially under conditions of constant strain rate and constant temperature. The method is capable of measuring the transient extensional viscosity of polymer melts at Hencky strain rates typically in the range 0,01 s–1 to 1 s–1, at Hencky strains up to approximately 4 and at temperatures up to approximately 250 °C (see NOTEs 1 and 2). It is suitable for measuring transient extensional viscosity values typically in the range from approximately 104 Pa⋅s to 107 Pa⋅s (see NOTE 3). NOTE 1  Hencky strains and strain rates are used (see Clause 3). NOTE 2  Values of strain, strain rate and temperature outside these limiting values can be attained. NOTE 3  The operating limit of an instrument, in terms of the lowest transient extensional viscosity values that can be measured, is due to a combination of factors, including the ability of the specimen to maintain its shape during testing and the resolution of the instrument.

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This document specifies a test method for determining the minimum volume fraction of oxygen, in admixture with nitrogen, at ambient temperature, that supports combustion of small vertical sheet test specimen under a specified gas velocity that is higher than that specified in ISOÂ 4589-2. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â The result is expressed as a high gas velocity oxygen index (HOI). In addition, this document specifies the testing apparatus for determining the HOI. The test method is applicable to materials in the form of sheets up to 2Â mm thick. It is also applicable to flexible sheet materials that are supported vertically by a specified specimen holder.

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This document describes a procedure for the determination of the following antidegradants in vulcanized rubbers: —   aminoketone group; —   naphthylamine group; —   diphenylamine group; —   p-phenylenediamine; —   monophenol group. The groups of antidegradants are summarized in Table A.1 with the chemical names, the abbreviated terms and the CAS registry numbers. Extender oils, when present, can interfere. For poly-2,2,4-trimethyl-1,2-dihydroquinoline, the method provides only an approximation because of its polymeric nature.

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This document specifies methods for determining the compressive strength and corresponding relative deformation, the compressive stress at 10 % relative deformation, and the compressive modulus of rigid cellular plastics.

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This document establishes a method for determination of the thermal conductivity of solid unfilled and
filled or fibre reinforced plastics and composites by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC).
It is applicable for materials with thermal conductivities of up to 1 W/(m⋅K).

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This document specifies a bending-vibration method based upon resonance curves for determining the
flexural complex modulus Ef
* of homogeneous plastics and the damping properties of laminated
plastics intended for acoustic insulation, for example systems consisting of a metal sheet coated with a
damping plastic layer, or sandwich systems consisting of two sheet-metal layers with an intermediate
plastic layer. For many purposes, it is useful to determine these properties as a function of temperature
and frequency.

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This document specifies a method for determining the glass transition temperature, Tg, of vulcanized rubbers in the hardness range from 30 IRHD to 80 IRHD. The dynamic properties are measured via temperature sweep in sinusoidal deformation at a defined strain and frequency and Tg is determined from the peak in the tan δ versus temperature curve. Glass transition temperature, Tg, determined in this way serves the purpose of a guideline to the service temperature of the material.

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This document specifies a static procedure, known as the Gehman test, for determining the relative stiffness characteristics of vulcanized or thermoplastic rubbers over a temperature range from room temperature to approximately −120 °C.

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This document specifies the designation, dimensions, approved rim contours, load ratings and reference speeds for agricultural tyres fitted to construction machines (e.g. backhoe loaders, small dumpers, loaders, excavators) operating on building sites under loading and transport conditions. Tyres conforming to this document are identified by the suffix IND in the tyre size designation; code designated tyres can alternatively, in place of the suffix IND, be identified by the classification code R-4. NOTE Agricultural tyres without the suffix IND in the tyre size designation or with a classification code differing from "R-4" are not part of this document. Code designated diagonal tyres (ply rating marked series) for agricultural tractors, trailers and machines are part of ISO 4251-1 and ISO 4251-2. Code designated radial tyres for agricultural tractors, trailers and machines are part of ISO 8664. Metric designated tyres for agricultural tractors, trailers and machines are part of ISO 7867-2. Tyres for forestry machines, identified by suffix LS, or classification code LS-x are part of ISO 18807.

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This document specifies general procedures to determine the quantity of water sprayed on specimens during a spray cycle in a xenon arc weathering test apparatus.

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This document defines a test method used to determine the degree of disintegration of plastic materials in a pilot-scale aerobic composting test under defined conditions. It forms part of an overall scheme for the evaluation of the industrial compostability of plastics as outlined in ISO 17088. The test method laid down in this document is also used to determine the influence of the test material on the composting process and the quality of the compost obtained. This test method cannot be used to determine the aerobic biodegradability of a test material. NOTE Other methods are available for this test (for example, see ISO 14851, ISO 14852 or ISO 14855-1 and ISO 14855-2).

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