This document defines the material carbon footprint as the amount (mass) of CO2 removed from the air and incorporated into plastic, and specifies a determination method to quantify it.
This document is applicable to plastic products, plastic materials and polymer resins that are partly or wholly based on biobased constituents.

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This document specifies a laboratory test method to determine the degree and rate of aerobic biodegradation level of plastic materials. This test method can also be applied to other materials.
Biodegradation is determined by measuring the CO2 evolved by the plastic material when exposed to marine sediments sampled from a sandy tidal zone and kept wet with salt-water under laboratory conditions.
This test method is a simulation under laboratory conditions of the habitat found in sandy tidal zone that, in marine science, is called eulittoral zone.
The conditions described in this document might not always correspond to the optimum conditions for the maximum degree of biodegradation to occur.
Deviations from the test conditions described in this document are justified in the test report.

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This document specifies test methods for the determination of the degree of disintegration of plastic materials exposed to marine habitats under real field conditions.
The marine areas under investigation are the sandy sublittoral and the sandy eulittoral zone where plastic materials can either be placed intentionally (e.g. biodegradable fishing nets) or end up as litter due to irresponsible human behaviour. This depends on their physical characteristics, form and size of the materials, and on water currents and tidal movements.
This document specifies the general requirements of the apparatus, and the procedures for using the test methods described.
The determination of the level of disintegration of plastic materials exposed to pelagic zones such as the sea surface or the water column above the seafloor are not within the scope of this document.
This document is not suitable for the assessment of disintegration caused by heat or light exposure.
The described field test is a disintegration test and not a biodegradation test. Therefore, it cannot be used for demonstrating biodegradation or for making unqualified claims such as "biodegradable in marine environment" and similar.

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This document specifies requirements and guidelines for the quantification and reporting of the process carbon footprint of biobased plastics (see ISO 22526-1), being a partial carbon footprint of a bioplastic product, based on ISO 14067 and consistent with International Standards on life cycle assessment (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044).
This document is applicable to process carbon footprint studies (P-CFP) of plastic materials, being a partial carbon footprint of a product, whether or not the results are intended to be publicly available.
Requirements and guidelines for the quantification of a partial carbon footprint of a product (partial CFP) are provided in this document. The process carbon footprint study is carried out according to ISO 14067 as a partial carbon footprint, using the specific conditions and requirements specified in this document.
Where the results of a P-CFP study are reported according to this document, procedures are provided to support transparency and credibility, and also to allow for informed choices.
Offsetting is outside of the scope of this document.

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This document specifies the general principles and the system boundaries for the carbon and environmental footprint of biobased plastic products. It is an introduction and a guidance document to the other parts of the ISO 22526 series.
This document is applicable to plastic products and plastic materials, polymer resins, which are based from biobased or fossil-based constituents.

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This document specifies a laboratory test method for determining the degree and rate of the aerobic biodegradation level of plastic materials. Biodegradation is determined by measuring the CO2 evolved from plastic materials when exposed to seawater sampled from coastal areas under laboratory conditions.
The conditions described in this document might not always correspond to the optimum conditions for the maximum degree of biodegradation, however this test method is designed to give an indication of the potential biodegradability of plastic materials.
NOTE This document addresses plastic materials but can also be used for other materials.

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This document specifies a laboratory test method for determining the degree and rate of the aerobic biodegradation level of plastic materials. Biodegradation of plastic materials is determined by measuring the oxygen demand in a closed respirometer when exposed to seawater sampled from coastal areas under laboratory conditions.
The conditions described in this document might not always correspond to the optimum conditions for the maximum degree of biodegradation, however this test method is designed to give an indication of the potential biodegradability of plastic materials.
NOTE This document addresses plastic materials but can also be used for other materials.

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This document specifies test methods and criteria for showing intrinsic biodegradability in marine environments of virgin plastic materials and polymers without any preliminary environmental exposure or pre-treatment.
Test methods applied in this document are carried out at temperatures in the mesophilic range under aerobic conditions and are aimed to show ultimate biodegradability, i.e. conversion into carbon dioxide, water and biomass.
This document neither assesses the constituents, such as regulated metals or substances hazardous to the environment, nor potential ecotoxic effects but intrinsic biodegradability only. These aspects will be considered in a separate standard covering the overall environmental impact of products intentionally or accidentally released in the marine environment.
This document does not cover the performance of products made from biodegradable plastic materials and biodegradable polymers. Lifetime and biodegradation rates in the sea of products made with biodegradable plastic materials are generally affected by the specific environmental conditions and by thickness and shape.
Although results might indicate that the tested plastic materials and polymers biodegrade under the specified test conditions at a certain rate, the results of any laboratory exposure cannot be directly extrapolated to marine environments at the actual site of use or leakage.
This document is not applicable for "marine biodegradable" claims of biodegradable plastic materials. For such purpose, see relevant product standards, if available.
The testing scheme specified in this document does not provide sufficient information for determining the specific biodegradation rate (i.e. the rate per available surface area) of the material under testing. For such purpose, see relevant standards about specific biodegradation rate, if available.

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This document specifies a method for adhesives for wood and derived solid wood products for determining the shear strength and wood failure percentage of wood-to-wood adhesive bonds loaded in compression. These parameters allow to define different working properties of adhesives: (e.g. final bond strength, pressing time, closed assembly time).

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This document establishes a classification of wood adhesives for non-structural applications for exterior use.
This document specifies performance requirements and durability classes of such adhesives for use in an environment corresponding to the defined conditions.
The performance requirements of this document apply to the adhesive only, not to wooden products.
This document is primarily intended to assess the performance of adhesives. The requirements apply to the type testing of the adhesives. Production control activities are outside the scope of this document.

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This document specifies the method for measuring relative wet grip braking performance index to a reference under loaded conditions for new tyres for use on commercial vehicles on a wet-paved surface. The methods developed in this document are meant to reduce the variability. The use of a reference tyre is necessary to limit the variability of the testing method procedures. This document applies to all commercial vehicle, truck and bus tyres. This document does not apply to: —   tyres fitted with additional devices to improve traction properties (e.g. studded tyres); —   professional off-road tyres.

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This document specifies the standard test formulation, mixing procedure and test methods for evaluation of viscoelastic properties in a compound based on solution-polymerized styrene-butadiene rubber (S-SBR), including functionalized S-SBR.

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This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to agglomerators for the modification of plastic scraps in its form, size and flow characteristics, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A). The hazards have been identified taking into account all phases of the machine life cycle according to EN ISO 12100:2010, 5.4.
Machines considered in this document begin at the outer edge of the feed opening and end at the outer edge of the discharge opening.
This document does not deal with:
-   hazards due to emissions by processing materials that could be hazardous to health;
-   hazards caused by ignition of flammable residues in material to be processed;
-   requirements for exhaust ventilation systems.
This document is not applicable to agglomerators manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This document specifies safety requirements relating to the design and construction of calenders (see 3.1.1) intended for the calendering, polishing, laminating or embossing of rubber or plastics.
This document concerns the calender alone, including the following integrated components: cutting device, stock guides and feeding device, secondary roller.
Annex C shows examples of various types of calenders and Annex D shows examples of calendaring processes.
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events relevant to the design and construction of calenders, when the machines are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer during all the phases of the life of the machine as described in EN ISO 12100:2010, 5.4 (see Annex B).
This document does not deal with:
-   hazards generated by the processing of explosive materials, or materials which give rise to an explosive atmosphere;
-   hazards due to laser or ionizing radiation;
-   hazards generated if the calender is installed in an explosive atmosphere.
Two roll mills are covered by EN 1417.
This document is not applicable to calenders manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This document specifies a test method, using thermodilatometry[1], for the determination of the coefficient of linear thermal expansion of plastics in a solid state by thermomechanical analysis (TMA). This document also specifies the determination of the glass transition temperature using TMA. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â Â The coefficient of linear thermal expansion can be measured using various types of thermodilatometry apparatus. This document concerns only TMA apparatus.

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This document specifies requirements for four types of thermoplastic multi-layer (non-vulcanized) hoses and hose assemblies for carrying hydrocarbons, solvents and chemicals. It specifies bore sizes from 25 mm to 300 mm, working pressures from 0,4 MPa (4 bar) to 1,4 MPa (14 bar) and working temperatures from −30 °C to 150 °C, according to type. Type 1 hoses are suitable for vapour applications. Types 2 to 4 hoses are suitable for liquid applications. NOTE 1  See Annex A concerning the selection of the material for the inner wall of layers and any polymeric coating of the internal wire helix related to the chemical(s) to be conveyed by the hoses and/or hose assemblies. NOTE 2  It is intended that the manufacturer be consulted where a polymeric coated internal wire is being considered for use with low conductivity hydrocarbons or chemicals. This document does not apply to hoses and hose assemblies for: — aircraft refuelling (see ISO 1825); — fuel dispensing (see ISO 5772); — oil burners (see ISO 6806); — liquefied petroleum gas and liquefied natural gas (see ISO 27127); — fire fighting (see ISO 14557); — offshore liquefied natural gas (see EN 1474-2); — refrigeration circuits.

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This document specifies requirements for two types of thermoplastic multi-layer (non-vulcanized) transfer hoses and hose assemblies for carrying liquefied petroleum gas and liquefied natural gas. Each type is subdivided into two classes, one for onshore duties, and the other for offshore. —   Class A hose is for use onshore. —   Class B hose is for use offshore. This document is applicable for hose sizes from 25 mm to 250 mm, working pressures from 10,5 bar to 25 bar and operating temperatures from −196 °C to +45 °C, according to class. NOTE     Offshore liquefied natural gas (LNG) hose assemblies are also specified in EN 1474-2. EN 1474-2 does not only specify offshore use, but also ship to shore and other LNG transfer applications.

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This document specifies the physical requirements and sampling and testing methods for single-use rubber gloves, made from natural rubber latex, synthetic rubber latex or rubber solution, intended for general applications, but not gloves intended for medical purposes. It does not cover the safe and proper usage of the gloves.

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This document specifies a system of classification of materials used in preformed gaskets for buildings. It applies to the following products: a) gaskets for use round the inside of door or window casings, i.e. weatherstripping (dynamic gaskets); b) gaskets for glazing (static gaskets); c) gaskets for use round infilling; d) gaskets for use between facade parts; e) gaskets for use between masonry walls. In addition to specifying the characteristics required for the constituent materials, some functional tests on the gaskets themselves are specified. The corresponding test procedures are given in Annexes A to E. This document applies to preformed gaskets made from vulcanized or thermoplastic rubber. It also applies to preformed gaskets made of cellular rubber designed for use at temperatures between −20 °C and +55 °C (thermal conditions category P1) and between −40 °C and +70 °C (thermal conditions category P3) (see Clause 4).

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This document specifies a method for the measurement of haze, an optical property resulting from wide-angle scattering of light, in transparent and substantially colourless plastics. This method is applicable to the measurement of haze values of less than 40Â %. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â The haze of abraded or matted transparent plastics can be measured, but the value obtained can be erroneously lower than the true value due to light scattering within a narrow angle.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the total sulfur content of raw rubber and unvulcanized or vulcanized rubber compounds by ion chromatography following the preparation of a sample solution using either a tubular furnace combustion or an oxygen combustion flask method. The tubular furnace combustion method is applicable for rubbers with sulfur content less than 0,1 % as it is possible that the oxygen combustion flask method will not give sufficiently accurate results. The oxygen combustion flask method is not applicable to rubbers containing a metal salt that forms an insoluble metal sulfate, such as barium sulfate (CAS 7727‑43‑7).

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This document describes the method of determination of both major and trace levels of metal contents in rubber — raw, vulcanized — by ICP-OES.

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This document defines quality and test methodologies for recycled PVC to be used in PVC window profile systems.
It contains a description of the controlled loop as such, the definition of those material transformation steps which are relevant for product quality, in particular recycling input and output and profile manufacturing input and output.
Traceability tools are specified to characterize this loop as a controlled loop.
With regard to PVC waste treatment, the present standard relates to existing standards such as EN 15343, EN 15346 and EN 15347
With regard to semifinished and/or finished products, it refers to the European Standard for un-plasticized PVC window profiles (see EN 12608-1) and to the European harmonized standard for windows and doors (see EN 14351-1).

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This document specifies the requirements for two groups of rubber hoses and rubber hose assemblies for loading and discharge of liquid hydrocarbon fuels with a maximum working pressure of 1,0 MPa (10 bar). Both groups of hoses are designed for a) use with hydrocarbon fuels having an aromatic-hydrocarbon content not exceeding 50 % by volume and containing up to 15 % of oxygenated compounds, and b) operation within the temperature range of −30 °C to +70 °C, undamaged by climatic conditions of −50 °C to +70 °C when stored in static conditions. NOTE     Hoses for use at temperatures lower than −30 °C can be the subject of discussion between manufacturer and end user. This document is not applicable to hoses and hose assemblies for LPG systems, aviation fuel systems, fuel station systems or marine applications.

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This document specifies the test requirements and the test methods for extruded thermoplastic tubing and hoses for use in vehicles powered by internal-combustion engines, excluding use in air braking systems (see ISOÂ 7628), fuel lines (see ISOÂ 13775-2), and high-pressure hydraulic systems. This document is intended especially for use by original equipment manufacturers (OEMs).

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This document specifies the method for measuring the relative ice grip performance index of a candidate tyre compared with a reference tyre under loaded conditions for new tyres intended to be used for passenger cars on surfaces made of ice. This document applies to all passenger car tyres, except for T-type temporary-spare tyres.

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This document specifies the preparation of test specimens and gives the test methods applicable to
semi-finished products of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).

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This document establishes a system of designation for processed unfilled polytetrafluoroethylene
(PTFE) products, which can occur in several forms.
The PTFE used to make the semi-finished product is described in ISO 20568-1. The PTFE used to make
the semi-finished product are virgin, reprocessed or recycled resin. The addition of up to 1,5 % by mass
of pigment or colorant can be used.

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This document specifies the characteristics of solid rubber sheets for dairy cattle. These sheets are used in a walking or lying area. This document does not include design of the product.

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This European Standard specifies a method for determining the resistance to delamination in glue lines.
It is suitable for the following applications:
a)   for assessing the compliance of adhesives with EN 301, EN 15425 and EN 16254;
b)   for assessing the suitability and quality of adhesives for load-bearing timber structures;
c)   for comparing the effects on the bond strength resulting from the choice of bonding conditions, from different climatic conditioning and from the treatment of the test pieces before and after bonding.
This test is not applicable for modified and stabilized wood with strongly reduced swelling and shrinkage properties, such as acetylated wood, heat-treated wood and polymer impregnated wood.
This test is intended primarily to obtain performance data for the classification of adhesives for load-bearing timber structures according to their suitability for use in defined climatic environments.
This method is not intended to provide data for structural design, and does not necessarily represent the performance of the bonded member in service.

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This European Standard specifies a method for determining the shear strength of adhesive bonds in close contact glue line and thick glue line.
It is suitable for the following applications:
a) for assessing the compliance of adhesives with EN 301, EN 15425 and prEN 16254;
b) for assessing the suitability and quality of adhesives for load-bearing timber structures.
This test is intended primarily to obtain performance data for the classification of adhesives for load-bearing timber structures according to their suitability for use in defined climatic environments. This method is not intended for use to provide for structural design, and does not necessarily represent the performance of the bonded member in service.

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This part of EN 302 specifies a method of determining the minimum pressing time for two glue line thicknesses, close contact glue line and 0,3 mm thick glue line, at three temperatures. It is applicable to adhesives used in load- bearing timber structures. This standard is only intended for obtaining a reliable base of comparison of pressing time between adhesives. The method gives result that cannot be applied to the safe manufacture of timber structures without modifications for the influences of timber density/absorbency, moisture content, factory temperature and relative air humidity.

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This part of EN 302 specifies a method for determining the extent to which wood shrinkage under drying conditions will weaken an adhesive bond. It is suitable for the following applications: a) for assessing the compliance of adhesives with EN 301; b) for assessing the suitability and quality of adhesives for load-bearing timber structures; c) for determining if the adhesive is capable of withstanding stresses due to wood shrinkage without unacceptable loss of strength. This test is intended primarily to obtain performance data for the classification of adhesives for load-bearing timber structures according to their suitability for use in defined climatic environments. This test is carried out on spruce (Picea abies L.). This method is not intended for use to provide numerical design data and does not necessarily represent the performance of the bonded member in service. It is not intended to be used to assess the suitability of adhesives for the manufacture of wood-based panels.

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This part of EN 302 specifies a method for determining the working life for adhesives for load-bearing timber structures, by a viscosity test. This method is not suitable for determining the working life of a multi-component adhesive whose actual working life is very short. This document is only intended for obtaining a reliable basis for comparison between adhesives. The method gives results which cannot be applied to the safe manufacture of timber structures without modifications for the influences of factory temperature and relative air humidity.

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This European Standard specifies a laboratory method of determining the maximum assembly time at two spread rate levels in standard atmosphere [20/65]. This European Standard is intended for obtaining a reliable base of comparison of the maximum assembly time between adhesives at referenced conditions.

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This document specifies a method of determining the antibacterial effectiveness of open-cell flexible cellular polymeric antibacterial treated materials, including their intermediate and final products. This document is suitable for flexible cellular polymeric materials because the test procedure enables the test inoculum to efficiently contact with the surface of open cell in the flexible cellular polymeric materials.

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This document provides uniform symbols for flame retardants added to plastics materials.

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This document specifies the test methods for quality control of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)
extruded double- and triple-skin flat sheets, obtained from colourless and coloured transparent,
translucent and opaque grades of materials.
The minimum sheet width is 600 mm.
The main applications of these sheets are in building and agriculture (greenhouses).

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This document specifies the designation, dimensions, and load ratings of metric-series tyres primarily intended for passenger cars.

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This document specifies the preparation of test specimens and gives the test methods applicable to semi-finished products of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).

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This document establishes a system of designation for processed unfilled polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) products, which can occur in several forms. The PTFE used to make the semi-finished product is described in ISOÂ 20568-1. The PTFE used to make the semi-finished product are virgin, reprocessed or recycled resin. The addition of up to 1,5Â % by mass of pigment or colorant can be used.

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This document specifies minimum requirements and test methods for flat sliding seismic-protection isolators used for buildings and the materials used in the manufacture of such isolators. It is applicable to flat sliding seismic-protection isolators used to provide buildings with protection from earthquake damage. The sliders are each mounted on elastomeric bearings to provide vertical compliance and rotational flexibility about horizontal axes.

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This document specifies rim dimensions for rims for agricultural, forestry, and construction machines.

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This document specifies test methods for verifying the capabilities of tyres for passenger cars. Of the test methods presented, it is possible that only some will be required depending on the construction of the tyre (diagonal, bias-belted, radial or T-type construction) to be tested. The tests are carried out in a laboratory under controlled conditions. This document includes endurance tests, a low-pressure performance test, high-speed tests and requirements for bead unseating and tyre strength. The test methods presented in this document are not intended for gradation of tyre performance or quality levels. This document applies to all passenger car tyres.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the static adhesion of textile cord to vulcanized rubber using the H-pull test. It is applicable to cords made from natural or man-made fibres. The property levels obtained with this method are affected considerably by the history of the cord and the rubber compound. The method yields data, however, on which a judgement as to the service quality of the material can be based. The method is primarily intended for use with tyre cord. However, it can be applied, if desired, to similar cords for use in other rubber products, but it is limited to cords of linear density not exceeding 800Â mg/m (tex).

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the green strength of raw rubber or unvulcanized rubber compounds using a tensile stress-strain test, the test pieces being prepared following standard test conditions or cut from calendered sheets.

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This document provides uniform symbols for flame retardants added to plastics materials.

  • Standard
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This document defines —   the physical and chemical tests on raw reclaimed natural rubber, and —   the standard materials, standard test formulations, equipment, and processing methods for evaluating the vulcanization characteristics, and the mechanical properties of reclaimed natural rubber.

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