This document establishes a classification of wood adhesives for non-structural applications for exterior use.
This document specifies performance requirements and durability classes of such adhesives for use in an environment corresponding to the defined conditions.
The performance requirements of this document apply to the adhesive only, not to wooden products.
This document is primarily intended to assess the performance of adhesives. The requirements apply to the type testing of the adhesives. Production control activities are outside the scope of this document.

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This document specifies a method for adhesives for wood and derived solid wood products for determining the shear strength and wood failure percentage of wood-to-wood adhesive bonds loaded in compression. These parameters allow to define different working properties of adhesives: (e.g. final bond strength, pressing time, closed assembly time).

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This European Standard specifies a method for determining the resistance to delamination in glue lines.
It is suitable for the following applications:
a)   for assessing the compliance of adhesives with EN 301, EN 15425 and EN 16254;
b)   for assessing the suitability and quality of adhesives for load-bearing timber structures;
c)   for comparing the effects on the bond strength resulting from the choice of bonding conditions, from different climatic conditioning and from the treatment of the test pieces before and after bonding.
This test is not applicable for modified and stabilized wood with strongly reduced swelling and shrinkage properties, such as acetylated wood, heat-treated wood and polymer impregnated wood.
This test is intended primarily to obtain performance data for the classification of adhesives for load-bearing timber structures according to their suitability for use in defined climatic environments.
This method is not intended to provide data for structural design, and does not necessarily represent the performance of the bonded member in service.

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This European Standard specifies a method for determining the shear strength of adhesive bonds in close contact glue line and thick glue line.
It is suitable for the following applications:
a) for assessing the compliance of adhesives with EN 301, EN 15425 and prEN 16254;
b) for assessing the suitability and quality of adhesives for load-bearing timber structures.
This test is intended primarily to obtain performance data for the classification of adhesives for load-bearing timber structures according to their suitability for use in defined climatic environments. This method is not intended for use to provide for structural design, and does not necessarily represent the performance of the bonded member in service.

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This part of EN 302 specifies a method of determining the minimum pressing time for two glue line thicknesses, close contact glue line and 0,3 mm thick glue line, at three temperatures. It is applicable to adhesives used in load- bearing timber structures. This standard is only intended for obtaining a reliable base of comparison of pressing time between adhesives. The method gives result that cannot be applied to the safe manufacture of timber structures without modifications for the influences of timber density/absorbency, moisture content, factory temperature and relative air humidity.

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This European Standard specifies a laboratory method of determining the maximum assembly time at two spread rate levels in standard atmosphere [20/65]. This European Standard is intended for obtaining a reliable base of comparison of the maximum assembly time between adhesives at referenced conditions.

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This part of EN 302 specifies a method for determining the extent to which wood shrinkage under drying conditions will weaken an adhesive bond. It is suitable for the following applications: a) for assessing the compliance of adhesives with EN 301; b) for assessing the suitability and quality of adhesives for load-bearing timber structures; c) for determining if the adhesive is capable of withstanding stresses due to wood shrinkage without unacceptable loss of strength. This test is intended primarily to obtain performance data for the classification of adhesives for load-bearing timber structures according to their suitability for use in defined climatic environments. This test is carried out on spruce (Picea abies L.). This method is not intended for use to provide numerical design data and does not necessarily represent the performance of the bonded member in service. It is not intended to be used to assess the suitability of adhesives for the manufacture of wood-based panels.

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This part of EN 302 specifies a method for determining the working life for adhesives for load-bearing timber structures, by a viscosity test. This method is not suitable for determining the working life of a multi-component adhesive whose actual working life is very short. This document is only intended for obtaining a reliable basis for comparison between adhesives. The method gives results which cannot be applied to the safe manufacture of timber structures without modifications for the influences of factory temperature and relative air humidity.

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For research, development and quality certification purposes, some simply formulated 1- and 2-part "reference test adhesives" have been developed and, from the most important and most often applied, some materials have been selected as "reference test materials". This technical report offers for each of these reference test adhesives and reference test materials some information and specify some properties. CEN/TC 193/WG 5 takes care for a continuous updating of these data sheets.

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  • Technical report
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This document specifies the environmental conditions to evaluate the accelerated degradation for the adhesion interface performance in plastic-metal assemblies.

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This document specifies test methods for the determination of the suitability of two component epoxy and two component polyurethane adhesives for glued-in steel rods in glued laminated timber (GLT) and glued solid timber (GST) according to EN 14080, cross laminated timber (CLT) according to EN 16351 and laminated veneer lumber (LVL) according to EN 14374.
It specifies performance requirements and the determination of characteristic bond strength values for such adhesives for the prefabrication under factory or factory-like conditions of load-bearing timber-steel rod joints only. This document does not cover the performance of adhesives for on-site gluing (except for factory-like conditions).
Several provisions of this document can apply to repair and upgrading of existing timber structures including (cracked/fissured) solid wood beams. For adhesives for on-site repair or applications with solid timber additional provisions need to be taken into account. Such provisions are not part of this document.
This document also covers glued–in rods in surface treated wood. It does not cover glued-in rods in modified and stabilized wood with considerably reduced swelling and shrinkage properties, e.g. such as acetylated wood, heat treated wood, polymer impregnated wood and preservative treated wood.
The joints are intended for load-bearing timber structures subjected to temperatures up to 60 °C over a longer time in service classes 1 and 2 which are loaded predominantly static or quasi static according to EN 1990 and EN 1991-1-1.
A design procedure for glued-in rods for timber structures is given in an informative Annex A.

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This European standard specifies test methods for determination of the suitability of two component epoxy and polyurethane adhesives for on-site repair of cracked timber structures. The standard specifies minimum requirements on bond strength and integrity. The standard provides minimum on-site repair provisions and specifies test and minimum strength requirements with drill cores from on-site repaired timber structures for verification of bond strength and integrity.

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This document specifies characteristics for adhesives for floor coverings, which comprise:
— resilient floor coverings (such as those manufactured from plastics, linoleum or rubber);
— textile floor coverings.
Adhesives for floor coverings are intended for use within a building according to the manufacturer's specification.
This document specifies requirements for establishing performance characteristics of adhesives for floor coverings with regard to their determination, evaluation and expression.
This document comprises all kinds of adhesives for floor coverings irrespective of the chemical composition and the mechanism of setting. Products according to this document can be put on the market as liquids, pastes and film adhesives for floor coverings. The products can be one-component or multi-component.
This document also defines a special kind of adhesives for floor coverings, which facilitate the easy removal of the floor covering after the utilization and where the need for a permanent bond is not always required. These types of floor covering adhesives are referred to as low peel strength, release bond adhesives.
This document does not:
— cover adhesives for bonding parquet to the subfloor, adhesives for bonding laminate floor coverings and adhesives for ceramic tiles;
— make provisions for testing the bond strength of low peel strength, release bond adhesives for floor coverings;
— take account of all influences which may occur in practice.

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This document specifies a measuring method for the characterization of rheological properties of structural adhesives using oscillatory rheometry. The advantage of the method in comparison to rotational viscometry measurements lies in the separation of elastic and viscous material properties, thus allowing to define the viscoelastic properties. This enables more precise information concerning the flow behaviour of the materials, thereby resulting in a better understanding of their processing properties.
The method described is particularly suitable for filled and paste-like adhesives. These are frequently processed using automated pump and application systems in industrial applications and shall be set precisely considering their rheological properties. As the rheological behaviour of uncured adhesives is mostly independent of their properties in the cured state, the standard can also serve for the examination of non-structural adhesives.

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This document specifies test methods for the evaluation of the expansion properties for moisture curing, self-curing activatable or water drying foams dispensed from single pressurized foam containers.
This document does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this document to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
The following test methods are described:
-   Method 1 - Dimensional stability: This test method describes how to determine the dimensional stability (shrinkage or expansion) of cured foam under typical and extreme conditions.
-   Method 2 - Curing pressure: This method describes how to determine the generation of pressure during the curing process of an OCF.
-   Method 3 - Post expansion: This method describes how to measure the expansion of a dispensed froth during the curing phase.

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ISO 6237:2017 specifies a method for determining the shear strength of wood-to-wood adhesive bonds, with a standard specimen loaded in tension and under specified conditions of preparation, conditioning and testing. This method is intended for testing only those adhesives used in bonding wood to wood in either parallel-laminated or cross-laminated construction.
This method is not intended for use in testing manufactured products.

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This document gives guidelines to select, by means of delamination-resistance tests, adhesive/wood combinations for use in wood products placed in severe environments, in which the products are exposed to extreme change of temperature and humidity. A series of exposure cycles at various temperature and humidity values is provided to verify that the adhesive selected, or a product bonded with the adhesive, meets the necessary requirements for resistance to delamination. This document is intended to help the user not only to select a suitable adhesive, but also to evaluate adhesives and adhesively bonded wood products. NOTE When actual wood products are tested using this method, the test results might not be comparable because the test laboratory do not normally have had adequate control over the way the product was assembled. This document is not intended for use in the qualification of structural components.

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This document gives guidelines to select, by means of delamination-resistance tests, adhesive/wood combinations for use in wood products placed in non-severe environments, in which the products are not exposed to extreme changes in temperature and humidity. This document provides a series of exposure cycles at various temperature and humidity values to verify that the adhesive selected, or a product bonded with the adhesive, meets the necessary requirements for resistance to delamination. This document is intended to help the user not only to select a suitable adhesive, but also to evaluate adhesives and adhesively bonded wood products. NOTE When actual wood products are tested using this method, the test results might not be comparable because the test laboratory do not normally have had adequate control over the way the product was assembled. This document is not intended for use in the qualification of structural components.

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  • Standard
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ISO 17178:2013 specifies test methods for adhesives for bonding parquet and similar wood floorings to a subfloor. It also specifies the minimum requirements for shear strength, tensile strength to be achieved with these adhesives.
ISO 17178:2013 does not refer to the selection and installation of parquet floorings.

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ISO 17178:2013 specifies test methods for adhesives for bonding parquet and similar wood floorings to a subfloor. It also specifies the minimum requirements for shear strength, tensile strength to be achieved with these adhesives.
ISO 17178:2013 does not refer to the selection and installation of parquet floorings.

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This document specifies test methods for the evaluation of the application properties for moisture curing, self-curing or water drying foams dispensed from single pressurized containers used as an insulating air sealant and adhesive for both building and non-building applications.
This document does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
-   The following test methods are described: Cutting Time: This test method describes how to determine the hardening time of a freshly foamed OCF (froth) until it can be cut.
-   Tack Free Time: This test method describes how to determine the tack free time of a freshly foamed OCF.
-   Sagging Behaviour: This test method describes how to evaluate the sagging behaviour and determine the biggest joint possible before a liquid OCF (froth) slips off.

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This document specifies test methods for the evaluation of the insulation properties for moisture curing, self-curing or water drying foams dispensed from single pressurized containers used as an insulating air sealant and adhesive for both building and non-building applications.
This document does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
The following test method is described:
-   Thermal conductivity: This method describes how to determine the long term thermal conductivity of a cured OCF foam, dispensed from a pressurized can, with a sample subjected to accelerated ageing procedure.

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This document specifies test methods for the evaluation of the yield characteristics properties for moisture curing, self-curing or water drying foams dispensed from single pressurized containers.
This document does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
The following test methods are described:
-   determination of the apparent density of an OCF extruded in a joint and calculation of the theoretical foam volume (yield) in running meters of the whole can;
-   determination of the total foam volume for the whole OCF container;
-   determination of the real volume of cured foam, respecting eventual cavities inside the foam structure;
-   determination of the density of a cured OCF for identification purposes only.

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This document specifies test methods for the evaluation of the expansion properties for moisture curing, self-curing or water drying foams dispensed from single pressurized containers.
This document does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
The following test methods are described:
-   Dimensional Stability: This test method describes how to determine the dimensional stability (shrinkage or expansion) of cured foam under typical and extreme conditions.
-   Curing Pressure: This method describes how to determine the generation of pressure during the curing process of an OCF.
-   Post Expansion: This method describes how to measure the expansion of a freshly dispensed liquid foam (froth) during the curing phase.

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This document specifies test methods for the evaluation of the mechanical properties for moisture curing, self-curing or water drying foams dispensed from single pressurized containers used as an insulating air sealant and adhesive for both building and non-building applications.
This document does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
The following test methods are described:
-   Compression strength: This test method describes how to determine the compressive strength of a cured foam. It gives an indication of the foams resistance against area distributed pressure. The maximum endurable stress is determined.
-   Movement capability: This test method describes how to determine the movement capability of cured foam. The result gives an indication of the degree of flexibility of the cured foam.
-   Bonding strength: The method displays the measurement of the bonding power of a One Component (Foam) Adhesive, dispensed from a pressurized can, between two substrates with direct contact.
-   Tensile strength: This test method describes how to determine the maximum stress a cured foam can withstand while being stretched before breaking. The result gives an indication of the elasticity of the cured foam.
-   Shear strength: This method displays the behavior of a foam system towards shear forces. It shows the strength and the bonding power of the foam as the sandwich element between wooden plates. The test is conducted according to EN 12090.

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This document specifies test methods for the evaluation of the application properties for moisture curing, self-curing activatable or water drying foams dispensed from single pressurized foam containers.
This document does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this document to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
The following test methods are described:
-   Method 1 - Cutting time: This test method describes how to determine the hardening time of a dispended froth until it could be cut.
-   Method 2 - Tack free time: This test method describes how to determine the tack free time of a freshly foamed OCF.
-   Method 3 - Sagging: This test method describes how to evaluate the sagging behaviour and determine the biggest joint possible before dispensed froth slips off.

  • Standard
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This document specifies test methods for the evaluation of the insulation properties for moisture curing, self-curing activatable or water drying foams dispensed from single pressurised foam containers.
This document does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this document to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
The following test method is described:
-   Thermal conductivity: This method describes how to determine the long term thermal conductivity of a cured OCF foam, dispensed from a pressurised foam container, with a sample subjected to accelerated ageing procedure.

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This document specifies test methods for the evaluation of the foam yield characteristics for moisture curing, self-curing activatable or water drying foams dispensed from single pressurized foam containers.
This document does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this document to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
The following test methods are described:
-   Method 1 - Determination of the apparent density of an OCF extruded in a joint and calculation of the theoretical foam yield in running meters of the whole can.
-   Method 2 - Determination of the real yield of cured foam, respecting eventual cavities inside the foam structure.
-   Method 3 - Determination of the free foamed density of a cured OCF for identification purposes only.
-   Method 4 - Determination of the total foam yield for the whole OCF container for moisture and self-curing foam that can be measured by water displacement.

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This document specifies test methods for the evaluation of the expansion properties for moisture curing, self-curing activatable or water drying foams dispensed from single pressurized foam containers.
This document does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this document to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
The following test methods are described:
-   Method 1 - Dimensional stability: This test method describes how to determine the dimensional stability (shrinkage or expansion) of cured foam under typical and extreme conditions.
-   Method 2 - Curing pressure: This method describes how to determine the generation of pressure during the curing process of an OCF.
-   Method 3 - Post expansion: This method describes how to measure the expansion of a dispensed froth during the curing phase.

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This document specifies characteristics for adhesives for floor coverings, which comprise: — resilient floor coverings (such as those manufactured from plastics, linoleum or rubber); — textile floor coverings. Adhesives for floor coverings are intended for use within a building according to the manufacturer's specification. This document specifies requirements for establishing performance characteristics of adhesives for floor coverings with regard to their determination, evaluation and expression. This document comprises all kinds of adhesives for floor coverings irrespective of the chemical composition and the mechanism of setting. Products according to this document can be put on the market as liquids, pastes and film adhesives for floor coverings. The products can be one-component or multi-component. This document also defines a special kind of adhesives for floor coverings, which facilitate the easy removal of the floor covering after the utilization and where the need for a permanent bond is not always required. These types of floor covering adhesives are referred to as low peel strength, release bond adhesives. This document does not: — cover adhesives for bonding parquet to the subfloor, adhesives for bonding laminate floor coverings and adhesives for ceramic tiles; — make provisions for testing the bond strength of low peel strength, release bond adhesives for floor coverings; — take account of all influences which may occur in practice.

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This document specifies a method for testing the strength of wood adhesives at 80 °C.
NOTE   The procedure described is based on a test developed in Germany known originally as the WATT '91 test. It uses the test piece described in EN 205.

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This document specifies a method for testing the strength of wood adhesives at 80 °C.
NOTE   The procedure described is based on a test developed in Germany known originally as the WATT '91 test. It uses the test piece described in EN 205.

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This European standard specifies a test method to measure the dimensional changes of a linoleum floorcovering whilst being adhered to a glass substrate. This method is to be used in conjunction with other test methods and not used solely to determine the suitability of a particular adhesive/linoleum combination.

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This document specifies a test method to measure the dimensional changes of a linoleum floorcovering while being adhered to a glass substrate. This method is to be used in conjunction with other test methods and not used solely to determine the suitability of a particular adhesive/linoleum combination.

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This European Standard specifies a test method to measure the electrical resistance as a material physical parameter of an adhesive film and composites of floor covering material and adhesive film. The electrical resistance is reciprocal to the electrical conductivity. This laboratory method does not take account of all influences which may occur in practice.
In contrast to EN 1081, which applies to the determination of the electrical resistance of resilient floor coverings R1, R2 and R3 (see Clause 3), this method applies to the determination of the electrical resistance of adhesive films on glass respectively composites of floor coverings adhesively bonded to a fibre cement substrate R4 and R5 (see Clause 3).

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This European Standard specifies a test method that measures the dimensional changes of a plastic or rubber floor or wall covering bonded to a given substrate after accelerated ageing. The term “wall covering” does not include any type of wallpaper.

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This document specifies a dynamic impact wedge method for the determination of the cleavage
resistance under impact loading of high-strength adhesive bonds between two adherends, when tested
under specified conditions of preparation and testing. This test procedure does not provide design
information.
The method allows a choice of sheet metal or fibre reinforced plastic substrates corresponding to those
materials frequently used in industry, such as for automotive applications.

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This European Standard specifies a test method to measure the adhesion of a resilient or textile floor covering or wall covering bonded to a given substrate under shear forces. The term “wall covering” does not include any type of wallpaper.

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This European Standard specifies a test method to measure the adhesion of a resilient or textile floor covering or wall covering bonded to a given substrate under peel forces. The term “wall covering” does not include any type of wallpaper.

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ISO 10123:2013 specifies a method for the determination of the shear strength of anaerobic-curing liquid adhesives used for retaining cylindrical assemblies, pin-and-collar type, or for locking and sealing threaded fasteners. This test method can also be used for other adhesives.

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This document specifies a test method for determining the comparative compression shear strength of adhesive bonds and solid wood at both ambient temperature and elevated temperature. The maximum load of the test pieces at ambient temperature and after exposure to a defined elevated temperature for a specified duration of time is evaluated. It is applicable to adhesives used in load bearing timber structures and to other wood adhesives.
It is suitable for assessing the influence of elevated temperatures on the compression shear strength of the adhesive bond.
This method is intended primarily to obtain performance data for the influence of elevated temperatures on the behaviour of adhesive bonds. It can be used for the assessment of adhesives for load bearing timber structures and as well for the assessment of non load-bearing wood adhesives with respect to their suitability for forming bonds in defined climatic environments, at elevated temperatures.
This method is not intended to provide data for structural design, and does not necessarily represent the performance of the bonded member in service.

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This document specifies a method for evaluating the adhesion of elastic adhesives and sealants [with a minimum elongation at break of 100 % and a modulus of elasticity of maximum 10 MPa[1]] on various substrates. In this way, the effect of various coatings or the surface pre-treatments of the substrate materials on the adhesion can be compared. It can also be used to evaluate the influence of pre-treatment, substrate and adhesive on the long-term durability of adhesively bonded joints and seals. This test can also be used for process monitoring and quality assurance accompanying production. [1] The elongation and modulus of elasticity are measured according to ISO 527-2.

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This document specifies a test method that measures the dimensional changes of a plastic or rubber floor or wall covering bonded to a given substrate after accelerated ageing. The term "wall covering" does not include any type of wallpaper.

  • Standard
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This document specifies a test method to measure the electrical resistance as a material physical parameter of an adhesive film and composites of floor covering material and adhesive film. The electrical resistance is reciprocal to the electrical conductivity. This laboratory method does not take account of all influences which can occur in practice.
This method applies to the determination of the electrical resistance of adhesive films on glass and of composites of floor coverings, adhesively bonded to a fibre cement substrate R4 and R5 (see Clause 3).

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This document specifies a test method to measure the dimensional changes of a linoleum floorcovering while being adhered to a glass substrate. This method is to be used in conjunction with other test methods and not used solely to determine the suitability of a particular adhesive/linoleum combination.

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  • Standard
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This document specifies a test method to measure the adhesion of a resilient or textile floor covering or wall covering bonded to a given substrate under shear forces. The term "wall covering" does not include any type of wallpaper.

  • Standard
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This document specifies a test method to measure the adhesion of a resilient or textile floor covering or wall covering bonded to a given substrate under peel forces. The term "wall covering" does not include any type of wallpaper.

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This document specifies a dynamic impact wedge method for the determination of the cleavage resistance under impact loading of high-strength adhesive bonds between two adherends, when tested under specified conditions of preparation and testing. This test procedure does not provide design information.
The method allows a choice of sheet metal or fibre reinforced plastic substrates corresponding to those materials frequently used in industry, such as for automotive applications.

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This document specifies a test method for determining the comparative compression shear strength of adhesive bonds and solid wood at both ambient temperature and elevated temperature. The maximum load of the test pieces at ambient temperature and after exposure to a specific elevated temperature for a specified duration of time is evaluated. It is applicable to adhesives used in load bearing timber structures and to other wood adhesives.
This method is intended primarily to obtain performance data for the influence of elevated temperatures on the behaviour of adhesive bonds.
This method is not intended to provide data for structural design, and does not necessarily represent the performance of the bonded element in service.

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This document specifies a test method to measure the adhesion of a resilient or textile floor covering or wall covering bonded to a given substrate under peel forces. The term "wall covering" does not include any type of wallpaper.

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