This document specifies a method for determining the time for a thermosetting coating powder to gel at a specified temperature. A method is described for checking batch to batch variation and for the quality control of a given coating powder. The method is not applicable to coating powders with ultra-short gel times (less than 15Â s).

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This document specifies a method for estimating the flow properties of a mixture of coating powder and air. The results obtained are influenced by the composition of the coating powder, its density, particle size distribution and particle shape, together with the tendency of the particles to agglomerate and to accept a charge.

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This document specifies a method for determining the mass fraction in per cent (%) of a sprayed coating powder which is deposited on a test item under known spray gun and environmental conditions. The method is applicable to powders applied by corona or tribo charging and can be used to compare the deposition efficiency of different powders with the same or different gun with the same powder. This method is only used for comparison when powders or guns are evaluated consecutively, as the influence of the environment and the equipment can vary significantly with time and location.

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This document specifies a liquid displacement pycnometer method for the determination of the density of coating powders. The method is based on a determination of the mass and the volume of a test portion. Coating powders with density 3, can be measured in accordance with ISO 1183-1 and the appropriate method, by agreement.

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This document establishes a method for the estimation of the storage stability of thermosetting coating powders. It provides the procedures for determining the changes both in the physical state of a thermosetting coating powder and in its chemical reactivity, together with its capacity to form a satisfactory final coating.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of density for all types of coating powders using a gas comparison pycnometer.

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This document specifies methods for the determination of colour stability/colour evaluation, process hiding power, re-dissolving, overspray absorption, wetting, surface texture and mottling of coating materials applied to a test panel under defined conditions, using spray application process.

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This document specifies visual methods for the assessment of tendency to sagging, formation of bubbles, pinholing and hiding power of coating materials applied to a test panel under defined conditions, using spray application process. Assessment using measuring techniques is also described for all evaluations.

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This document specifies a procedure, at temperatures up to 100 °C, to determine whether a liquid
product, that would be classified as “flammable” by virtue of its flash point, sustains combustion at the
temperature(s) specified e.g. in regulations.
NOTE Many national and international regulations classify liquids as presenting a flammable hazard based
on their flash point, as determined by a recognized method. Some of these regulations allow a derogation if the
substance cannot “sustain combustion” at some specified temperature(s).
The procedure is applicable to paints (including water-borne paints), varnishes, paint binders, solvents,
petroleum or related products and adhesives, that have a flash point. It is not applicable to painted
surfaces in respect of assessing their potential fire hazards.
This test method is applicable, in addition to test methods for flash point, for assessing the fire hazard
of a product.

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This part of EN 12206 specifies requirements and the corresponding methods of test relating to the organic coating of aluminium and aluminium alloy extrusions, sheet and preformed sections for architectural purposes, using coating powders. It also describes:
a)   the pretreatment of the substrate prior to the coating process;
b)   the coating powder;
c)   the coating process;
d)   the final product.
Each item is dealt with separately in this part of EN 12206 so that any interested party can ensure compliance appropriate to its area of responsibility.
CAUTION - The procedures described in this standard are intended to be carried out by suitably trained and/or supervised personnel. The substances and procedures used in this method may be injurious to health if adequate precautions are not taken. Attention is drawn in the text to specific hazards. This standard refers only to technical suitability and does not absolve the user from statutory obligations relating to health and safety.

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This document defines terms relating to the evaluation of coating materials in research, development
and production with regard to their suitability and safety for industrial processes and error analysis.
This document also specifies methods for the preparation of test panels and the subsequent
measurement of film thickness, colour, surface texture and other measurable surface properties.

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This document specifies a procedure, at temperatures up to 100 °C, to determine whether a liquid product, that would be classified as “flammable” by virtue of its flash point, sustains combustion at the temperature(s) specified e.g. in regulations. NOTE      Many national and international regulations classify liquids as presenting a flammable hazard based on their flash point, as determined by a recognized method. Some of these regulations allow a derogation if the substance cannot “sustain combustion” at some specified temperature(s). The procedure is applicable to paints (including water-borne paints), varnishes, paint binders, solvents, petroleum or related products and adhesives, that have a flash point. It is not applicable to painted surfaces in respect of assessing their potential fire hazards. This test method is applicable, in addition to test methods for flash point, for assessing the fire hazard of a product.

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This document defines terms relating to the evaluation of coating materials in research, development and production with regard to their suitability and safety for industrial processes and error analysis. This document also specifies methods for the preparation of test panels and the subsequent measurement of film thickness, colour, surface texture and other measurable surface properties.

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This document specifies a method for the gas-chromatographic determination of the qualitative and quantitative composition of solvents contained in a product. The method is applicable to coating materials containing solely organic solvents (generally called conventional coating materials) and binder solutions and non-aqueous dispersions containing solely organic solvents. The method defined in this document is not applicable for determination of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOC) content. NOTE For determination of VOC and SVOC, see ISO 11890-2.

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This document specifies a method for determining the deposition behaviour of an electro-deposition coating (e-coat) on various substrates and with various pre-treatments. It applies to electro-deposition coatings for automotive industries and other general industrial applications, e.g. chiller units, consumer products, radiators, aerospace, agriculture.

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This document specifies a test procedure for assessing the scratch resistance of organic paint
coatings, in particular paint coatings used in the automotive industry (i.e. for assessing their carwash
resistance). Machine-based washing is simulated in the laboratory environment using a rotating
brush and synthetic dirt. The test conditions have been designed to be as close as possible to the real
conditions in a car-wash. If the test parameters are suitably chosen, the method can also be used for
testing protective plastics films and plastics components

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This document specifies a method for determining the re-solving effect of electro-deposition coatings. It applies to electro-deposition coatings for automotive industries and other general industrial applications, e.g. chiller units, consumer products, radiators, aerospace, agriculture.

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This document specifies requirements and methods of test for liquid epoxy paints and internal coatings of such paints in steel pipes and fittings for the conveyance of non-corrosive gas. It also deals with the application of the paint. Other paints or paint systems are not excluded provided they comply with the requirements given in this document. The coating consists of one layer, which is normally shop-applied on blast-cleaned steel by airless spray or other suitable spraying techniques. The applied and cured paint film must be smooth to give the desired reduction in friction. Brush application is only used for small repair jobs.

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This document specifies the requirements for a two-components flexible polyurethane topcoat to be applied over EN 4687 and/or EN 4688 primers mainly for exterior aerospace applications.
The primer and the finish tested to this document will be from the same manufacturer applied in accordance with (i.a.w.) their instructions/Table 1.

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This document defines the requirements for a two-components, high corrosion inhibiting epoxy primer.
The coating shall be suitable for use on suitably prepared metallic substrates, chromic acid anodised, or conversion coated aluminium alloys and other suitably prepared substrates.

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This document specifies methods for exposing coatings to fluorescent UV lamps, heat and water in
apparatus designed to reproduce the weathering effects that occur when materials are exposed in
actual end-use environments to daylight, or to daylight through window glass.
The coatings are exposed to different types of fluorescent UV lamps under controlled environmental
conditions (temperature, humidity and/or water). Different types of fluorescent UV lamp can be used to
meet all the requirements for testing different materials.
Specimen preparation and evaluation of the results are covered in other ISO documents for specific
materials.
General guidance is given in ISO 16474-1.
NOTE Fluorescent UV lamp exposures for plastics are described in ISO 4892-3.

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This document specifies a method for the gas-chromatographic determination of the solvents in water-thinnable paints and varnishes, binder solutions, emulsions and dispersions.
With the precision stated in Clause 13, single components above 0,02 % (mass fraction) can be determined quantitatively.
The method defined in this document is not applicable for the determination of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) and Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds (SVOC) content.
NOTE For the determination of VOC and SVOC, see ISO 11890‑2[2].

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the water content of water-borne coating materials and their raw materials by using a gas chromatograph. The preferred working range of this test method is from a water mass fraction of 15 % to a water mass fraction of 90 % but the method can be applied outside of this range.

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This document specifies a method for determining the resistance of a coating to rubbing by means of a loaded abrasive material which is linearly moved over the surface to be tested.
The method can also be applied to different material surfaces, such as plastics and metals.

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This document specifies a method for determining the settling of coating materials. It is used to determine short-time settling, e.g. during transport or in an electro-deposition bath.

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This document specifies a method for determining the resistance of a coating to scratches introduced by a usually hand-held loaded stylus.
The test can be carried out using a point stylus (method A) or using a disc stylus (method B).
Both methods are generally applicable and can be used in the field as well as on curved surfaces. Method A can also be applied on small test specimens (minimum dimensions 30 mm × 50 mm).
The test can be carried out as a "pass/fail" test (test requirement I) or as a classification test (test requirement II).

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This document specifies a method to determine the solar reflectance of coating systems using a spectrophotometer with a wide spectral range (300 nm to 2 500 nm) and global solar radiation.
This document is applicable to coating systems.

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This document specifies three methods for testing the peel adhesion, peel strength and tensile lap-shear strength in order to evaluate the adhesive bond as well as the type, location and structure of failures of elastic adhesives on coatings. These methods are used, for example, for testing the assembly with respect to the bond of panes or built-on parts, such as plastic covers, spoilers, instrument panel covers, headlights, with coatings for automobile construction. The two methods of climatic exposure of specimens described herein are the condensation test and cataplasm storage.
This document does not specify requirements for adhesives and coatings.
NOTE The peel strength test (method B) for rigid car body construction adhesives is described in ISO 8510‑2. The tensile lap-shear strength test (method C) for rigid car body construction adhesives is described in EN 1465. Testing of rigid car body construction adhesives is generally conducted on small joint thicknesses, i.e. <1 mm.

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This document specifies a test method for the determination of non-volatile matter of coatings directly after application or after intermediate or final drying. In practice, the determination of volatile matter is applied particularly in regard to water-thinnable coatings which are re-coated with an additional coating material.
Furthermore, the method can be used to compare the efficiency of different application and drying methods.
The content of non-volatile or volatile matter of a product after application is no absolute variable but depends on the application and drying conditions applied during the test. Consequently, applying this method gives only relative values and not the real values for the content of non-volatile matter, due to solvent retention, thermal decomposition and evaporation of low-molecular contents.

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This document specifies an instrumental method for determining the image clarity on paint films (coatings) by measuring reflection from the specimen surface or transmission through the specimen.
The method can be applied only to a flat surface.

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This document defines the requirements for a two-components, chromate and lead-free primer.
The coating shall be suitable for use on fibre reinforced composite materials, titanium and corrosion resistant steels and other suitably prepared corrosion resistant substrates.

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This document specifies methods for exposing coatings to fluorescent UV lamps, heat and water in apparatus designed to reproduce the weathering effects that occur when materials are exposed in actual end-use environments to daylight, or to daylight through window glass. The coatings are exposed to different types of fluorescent UV lamps under controlled environmental conditions (temperature, humidity and/or water). Different types of fluorescent UV lamp can be used to meet all the requirements for testing different materials. Specimen preparation and evaluation of the results are covered in other ISO documents for specific materials. General guidance is given in ISO 16474‑1. NOTE Fluorescent UV lamp exposures for plastics are described in ISO 4892‑3.

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This document defines terms for electro-deposition coatings.
It is applicable to electro-deposition coatings for automotive industries and other general industrial applications, e.g. chiller units, consumer products, radiators, aerospace, agriculture.

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This document specifies three different methods of electro-deposition coating material contamination with liquid, paste-like and solid foreign materials.
It is applicable to electro-deposition coatings for automotive industries and other general industrial applications, e.g. chiller units, consumer products, radiators, aerospace, agriculture.

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This document specifies a method for identifying entry marks, which can occur during electro-deposition coating. Entry marks can often occur in the form of streaks when the workpiece, either set as cathode or anode, is immersed in the electro-deposition tank under applied electric potential (relation of voltage and current). These marks occur parallel to the bath surface on the objects to be coated.
It is applicable to electro-deposition coatings for automotive industries and other general industrial applications, e.g. chiller units, consumer products, radiators, aerospace, agriculture.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of soiling material, e.g. from previous processes, non-dispersed paint particles and other foreign material in the electro-deposition coating material.
It is applicable to electro-deposition coatings for automotive industries and other general industrial applications, e.g. chiller units, consumer products, radiators, aerospace, agriculture.
In practice, increased sieve residue can have different causes, such as metal particles, which are introduced together with the object to be coated, or clots.

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This document specifies two methods for the determination of the throwing power of electro-deposition coating materials.
It is applicable to electro-deposition coatings for automotive industries and other general industrial applications, e.g. chiller units, consumer products, radiators, aerospace, agriculture.

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The document specifies a method for the determination of the compatibility of electro-deposition coating materials with a reference oil.
It is applicable to electro-deposition coatings for automotive industries and other general industrial applications, e.g. chiller units, consumer products, radiators, aerospace, agriculture.

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This document provides an overview for selecting the most suitable test method regarding the evaluation of the hardness and the wear resistance of coatings.
Annex A gives a summarized list of test methods for the evaluation of the hardness and of the wear resistance of coatings for different stresses.
Methods for testing cross-linking (wear test in connection with solvents) and abrasion tests with multiple impacts are not covered by this document.

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This document summarises the common methods for evaluating the adhesive strength of coatings on a substrate, which can be another coating beneath or the substrate itself. The test methods and evaluation methods are described in Clauses 4, 5, and 6. In the case of standardized test methods the respective standard is referenced in regard to procedure and evaluation. Annex A compares the methods in the synoptic Tables A.1, A.2, and A.3.
Often the adhesive strength cannot be sufficiently evaluated by means of a single method.
The purely physical methods for measuring the adhesive strength are such in which mechanical quantities (e.g. force or torsion moment) are measured directly.
All other methods are based on the evaluation of behaviour under mechanic stress according to practical conditions. For these methods the viscoelastic properties have a wide influence on the evaluation of the adhesive strength, so that it can only be tested comparatively within one method.
Each method has its specific application. An unsuitable method can lead to false information. All of the test methods for the evaluation of the adhesive strength require a certain routine of the test person, especially in regard to identifying the separation line. For most of the test methods the test results, among other things, depend on the film thickness of the coating to be tested. In addition, for several methods differences between tests on a test sheet and in practice can occur, due to different roughness of the substrate.
Effects of delamination caused by weathering or corrosion influences are not subject of this document.
In case cohesion failures predominantly occur during an adhesive strength test, this is no measure for the adhesive strength. However, information can be given on the protective effect of the coating against corrosion.

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This document specifies the conditions to take into consideration when selecting the type of natural
weathering and the natural weathering procedure to determine the resistance of coatings or coating
systems (direct weathering or weathering behind window glass).
Natural weathering is used to determine the resistance of coatings or coating systems (denoted in this
document by coatings) to the sun's radiation and the atmosphere.
This document does not take into account special atmospheric influences, e.g. industrial pollution.

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This document specifies procedures for the sampling of paints and varnishes, including coating
powders, and raw materials used in their manufacture. Such products include liquids and materials
which, without undergoing chemical modification, are capable of being liquefied when heated up, and
powdered, granulated and pasty materials. Samples can be taken from containers, for example cans,
drums, tanks, tank wagons or ships' tanks, as well as from barrels, sacks, big-bags, silos or silo wagons
or conveyor belts.
This document does not deal with the sample preparation for testing or reduction of the samples thus
taken, which is dealt with in ISO 1513.

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This document specifies a test method for assessing the resistance of paint coatings and varnishes
(including wood stains) to separation from substrates when a right-angle lattice pattern is cut into
the coating, penetrating through to the substrate. The property determined by this empirical test
procedure depends, among other factors, on the adhesion of the coating to either the preceding coat or
the substrate. This procedure is not, however, a means of measuring adhesion.
NOTE 1 Where a measurement of adhesion is required, see the method described in ISO 4624.
NOTE 2 Although the test is primarily intended for use in the laboratory, the test is also suitable for field
testing.
The method described can be used either as a pass/fail test or, where circumstances are appropriate,
as a six-step classification test. When applied to a multi-coat system, assessment of the resistance to
separation of individual layers of the coating from each other can be made.
The test can be carried out on finished objects and/or on specially prepared test specimens.
Although the method is applicable to paint on hard (e.g. metal) and soft (e.g. wood and plaster)
substrates, these different substrates need a different test procedure (see Clause 8).
The method is not suitable for coatings of total thickness greater than 250 μm or for textured coatings.
NOTE 3 The method, when applied to coatings designed to give a rough patterned surface, will give results
which will show too much variation (see also ISO 16276-2).

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This document specifies the conditions to take into consideration when selecting the type of natural weathering and the natural weathering procedure to determine the resistance of coatings or coating systems (direct weathering or weathering behind window glass). Natural weathering is used to determine the resistance of coatings or coating systems (denoted in this document by coatings) to the sun's radiation and the atmosphere. This document does not take into account special atmospheric influences, e.g. industrial pollution.

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This document specifies a test method for assessing the resistance of paint coatings and varnishes (including wood stains) to separation from substrates when a right-angle lattice pattern is cut into the coating, penetrating through to the substrate. The property determined by this empirical test procedure depends, among other factors, on the adhesion of the coating to either the preceding coat or the substrate. This procedure is not, however, a means of measuring adhesion. NOTE 1 Where a measurement of adhesion is required, see the method described in ISO 4624. NOTE 2 Although the test is primarily intended for use in the laboratory, the test is also suitable for field testing. The method described can be used either as a pass/fail test or, where circumstances are appropriate, as a six-step classification test. When applied to a multi-coat system, assessment of the resistance to separation of individual layers of the coating from each other can be made. The test can be carried out on finished objects and/or on specially prepared test specimens. Although the method is applicable to paint on hard (e.g. metal) and soft (e.g. wood and plaster) substrates, these different substrates need a different test procedure (see Clause 8). The method is not suitable for coatings of total thickness greater than 250 µm or for textured coatings. NOTE 3 The method, when applied to coatings designed to give a rough patterned surface, will give results which will show too much variation (see also ISO 16276-2).

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This document specifies a method for determining the fineness of grind of paints, inks and related
products by use of a suitable gauge, graduated in micrometres.
It is applicable to all types of liquid paints and related products, except products containing pigments in
flake form (e.g. glass flakes, micaceous iron oxides, zinc flakes).

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This document is applicable for the determination of VOC and SVOC with an expected VOC and/or SVOC content greater than 0,01 % by mass up to 100 % by mass.
The method given in ISO 11890-1 is used when the VOC is greater than 15 % by mass. This document (method ISO 11890-2) applies when the system contains VOC and SVOC as the VOC result of ISO 11890-1 can be influenced by the SVOC. For VOC content smaller than 0,1 %, the head space method described in ISO 17895 is used as an alternative. ISO 11890-1 and ISO 17895 cannot be used for the determination of the SVOC content.
NOTE 1 Some ingredients of coating materials and their raw materials can decompose during analysis and cause artificial VOC and/or SVOC signals. When determining VOC and/or SVOC for coating materials and their raw materials, these signals are artefacts of the method and are not taken into account (examples are given in Annex B).
This method assumes that the volatile matter is either water or organic. However, other volatile inorganic compounds can be present and might need to be quantified by another suitable method and allowed for in the calculations. The method defined in this document is not applicable for determination of water content.
NOTE 2 If organic acids or bases and their corresponding salts are present in the coating material or its raw materials, the amount that is quantified by this method might not be accurate due to a change in the acid or base equilibrium.

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This document specifies a method for determining the fineness of grind of paints, inks and related products by use of a suitable gauge, graduated in micrometres. It is applicable to all types of liquid paints and related products, except products containing pigments in flake form (e.g. glass flakes, micaceous iron oxides, zinc flakes).

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This document is applicable for the determination of VOC and SVOC with an expected VOC and/or SVOC content greater than 0,01 % by mass up to 100 % by mass. The method given in ISO 11890-1 is used when the VOC is greater than 15 % by mass. This document (method ISO 11890-2) applies when the system contains VOC and SVOC as the VOC result of ISO 11890-1 can be influenced by the SVOC. For VOC content smaller than 0,1 %, the head space method described in ISO 17895 is used as an alternative. ISO 11890-1 and ISO 17895 cannot be used for the determination of the SVOC content. NOTE 1 Some ingredients of coating materials and their raw materials can decompose during analysis and cause artificial VOC and/or SVOC signals. When determining VOC and/or SVOC for coating materials and their raw materials, these signals are artefacts of the method and are not taken into account (examples are given in Annex B). This method assumes that the volatile matter is either water or organic. However, other volatile inorganic compounds can be present and might need to be quantified by another suitable method and allowed for in the calculations. The method defined in this document is not applicable for determination of water content. NOTE 2 If organic acids or bases and their corresponding salts are present in the coating material or its raw materials, the amount that is quantified by this method might not be accurate due to a change in the acid or base equilibrium.

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  • Standard
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    English language
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  • Standard
    41 pages
    French language
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This document provides a laboratory test method to determine the skin-friction of antifouling paints coated on drums. The results of the laboratory-tested friction of painted drums over a certain period of time can be used for screening of antifouling paints and characterizing changes in friction for different antifouling paints, amongst other applications and other purposes depending on the user's need. This document is applicable to both biocidal-based and biocide-free antifouling paints.

  • Standard
    11 pages
    English language
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  • Draft
    11 pages
    English language
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