This document specifies two alternative methods for determining hygroscopic sorption properties of porous building materials and products: a) using desiccators and weighing cups (desiccator method); b) using a climatic chamber (climatic chamber method). The desiccator method is the reference method. This document does not specify the method for sampling. The methods specified in this document can be used to determine the moisture content of a sample in equilibrium with air at a specific temperature and humidity.

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This document specifies the test method of moisture-adsorption/desorption efficiency (or capacity) of building materials, when there are changes in temperature in sealed boxes containing building materials.

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This European Standard specifies a horizontal reference method for the determination of emissions of regulated dangerous substances from construction products into indoor air. This method is applicable to volatile organic compounds, semi-volatile organic compounds, and very volatile aldehydes. It is based on the use of a test chamber and subsequent analysis of the organic compounds by GC-MS or HPLC.
NOTE 1   Supplemental information is given on indirect test methods (see Annex B) and on measuring very volatile organic compounds (see Annex C).
NOTE 2   This European Standard describes the overall procedure and makes use of existing standards mainly by normative reference, complemented when necessary with additional or modified normative requirements.

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This European Standard specifies a method of test for determining the reaction to fire performance of construction products excluding floorings, and excluding products which are indicated in Table 1 of EC Decision 2000/147/EC, when exposed to thermal attack by a single burning item (SBI). The calculation procedures are given in Annex A. Information on the precision of the test method is given in Annex B. The calibration procedures are given in Annexes C and D, of which C is a normative annex.
NOTE   This European Standard has been developed to determine the reaction to fire performance of essentially flat products. The treatment of some families of products, e.g. linear products (pipes, ducts, cables etc.), can need special rules.

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This document specifies a general laboratory test method for evaluating the reduction in concentration
of VOCs by sorptive building materials. This method applies to boards, wallpapers, carpets, paint
products, and other building materials. The sorption of those target compound(s), i.e. VOCs, can be
brought about by adsorption, absorption and chemisorption. The performance of the material, with
respect to its ability to reduce the concentration of VOCs in indoor air, is evaluated by measuring
area-specific reduction rate and saturation mass per area. The former directly indicates material
performance with respect to VOC reduction at a point in time; the latter relates to the ability to maintain
that performance.
This document is based on the test chamber method specified in ISO 16000-9.
NOTE Sampling, transport and storage of materials to be tested, and preparation of test specimens, are
described in ISO 16000-11. Air sampling and analytical methods to determine VOCs are described in ISO 16000-6
and ISO 16017-1.

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This document specifies a general laboratory test method for evaluating the reduction of formaldehyde
and other carbonyl compounds (aldehydes and ketones) concentrations by sorptive building materials.
This method applies to boards, wallpapers, carpets, paint products, and other building materials. The
sorption of those target compounds, i.e. formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds, can be brought
about by adsorption, absorption and chemisorption.
The method specified in this document employs formaldehyde and other carbonyl compound spiked
supply air to determine the performance of building materials in reducing formaldehyde and other
carbonyl compounds concentrations.
This document is based on the test chamber method specified in ISO 16000-9. Sampling, transport and
storage of materials to be tested and preparation of test specimens are specified in ISO 16000-11. Air
sampling and analytical methods for the determination of formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds
are specified in ISO 16000-3, which is part of the complete procedure.
This document applies to the determination of formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds,
such as formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acetone, benzaldehyde, butyraldehyde, valeraldehyde,
2,5-dimethylbenzaldehyde, capronaldehyde, isovaleraldehyde, propionaldehyde, o-tolualdehyde,
m-tolualdehyde, p-tolualdehyde.

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This Technical Specification specifies existing methods for the determination of the content of non-volatile organic substances in construction products.
Covered substances are phenols, PAH, PCB, phthalates, PBDE, organotin, dioxin and furans, biocides and plant protection products.
The selection of the extraction, clean-up and analysis method(s) to be applied is based on the product matrix and the required sensitivity.

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This Technical Specification specifies existing methods for the determination of non-volatile organic substances in aqueous eluates for the quantification of release from construction products.
Covered substances are phenols, PAH, PCB, phthalates, PBDE, organotin, dioxin and furans, biocides and plant protection products.
The selection of the method to be applied is based on the product matrix and the required sensitivity.

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This document specifies existing methods for the determination of the content of specific organic substances in construction products.
The following parameters are covered: BTEX, biocides, dioxins, furans and dioxin-like PCBs, mineral oil, nonylphenols, PAH, PCB, PCP, PBDE, and short-chain chlorinated paraffins.
NOTE 1   Methods still under development or available at national level only are listed in Annex B for PFOS, PFOA, HBCD and EOX. The methods can be included in the normative text as soon as full EN standards are available.
NOTE 2   Methods that have not been validated for construction products, because no suitable material was available at the time of the robustness validation, only are listed in Annex B. This applies to organotin compounds, phenols and phthalates.
The methods listed in this document come from different fields and are expected to be suitable for organic substances in organic extracts from all types of constructions products.
The methods in this document are validated for the product types listed in Annex A.
NOTE 3   Construction products include, e.g. mineral-based products, bituminous products, wood-based products, polymer-based products and metals. This document includes analytical methods for all matrices except metals.

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This document specifies existing methods for the determination of specific organic substances in aqueous eluates from leaching of construction products.
The following parameters are covered: pH, electrical conductivity, biocides, bisphenol A, BTEX, dioxins and furans, DOC, epichlorohydrin, mineral oil, nonylphenols, PAH, PBDE, PCB, dioxin-like PCB, PCP, phenols and phthalates.
NOTE 1   Methods still under development or available at national level only are listed in Annex B for certain amines, AOX, and biocidal and plant protection products.
NOTE 2   Methods that have not been validated for aqueous eluates from leaching of construction products, because no suitable material was available at the time of the robustness validation, only are listed in Annex B. This applies to organotin compounds.
The methods in this document come from different fields, mainly the analysis of water, and are applicable for the eluates from construction products. They are validated for eluates of the product types listed in Annex A.
NOTE 3   Construction products include, e.g. mineral-based products, bituminous products, wood-based products, polymer-based products and metals. This document includes analytical methods for all matrices except metals.
The selection of the method to be applied is based on the product matrix and the required sensitivity.

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This European Standard is applicable for the preparation of representative test portions from the laboratory sample that has been taken as specified in respective product standards and in CEN/TR 16220, prior to testing of release and analysis of content of construction products.
This European Standard is intended to specify the sequence of operations and treatments to be applied to the laboratory sample in order to obtain suitable test portions in compliance with the specific requirements defined in the corresponding test methods and analytical procedures.

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This document is applicable for the preparation of representative test portions from the laboratory sample that has been taken as specified in respective product standards and in CEN/TR 16220, prior to testing of release and analysis of content of construction products.
This document is intended to specify the sequence of operations and treatments to be applied to the laboratory sample in order to obtain suitable test portions in compliance with the specific requirements defined in the corresponding test methods and analytical procedures.

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This TS specifies a method for the determination of the activity concentrations of the radionuclides 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in construction products using semiconductor gamma-ray spectrometry. The standard describes sampling, test sample preparation, and the execution of the test. It includes background subtraction, energy and efficiency calibration, analysis of the spectrum, calculation of the activity concentrations with the associated uncertainties, the decision threshold and detection limit, and reporting of the results.

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(1) This Technical Specification allows the identification of the appropriate leaching test method for the determination of the release of RDS from construction products into soil, surface water and groundwater. This document provides a stepwise procedure for the determination of appropriate release tests, including:
a)   Determination of the test method based on general product properties
b)   Choice of the test method using specific product properties
(2) Furthermore, this Technical Specification gives general guidance for CEN Technical Product Committees and EOTA WGs on basic aspects (sampling, sample preparation and storage, eluate treatment, analysis of eluates and documentation) to be specified in the relevant product standards or ETAs.
(3) Metallic products and coatings on metallic products are not considered in the determination scheme of this Technical Specification since the test methods in CEN/TS 16637 2 (tank test) and CEN/TS 16637 3 (column test) are not appropriate for the testing of these construction products due to a different release mechanism (solubility control).
NOTE   See Annex F
(4) It is assumed that intermittent contact with water (e. g. exposure to rainwater) is tested — by convention — as permanent contact. For some coatings, (e. g. some renders with organic binders according to EN 15824 [4]) in intermittent contact to water, physical and chemical properties might be altered in permanent contact with water. These products are not considered in the determination scheme of this Technical Specification since the test method in CEN/TS 16637 2 is not appropriate for the testing of these construction products (in this case EN 16105 [5] might be an alternative method).

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This Technical Specification specifies analytical methods for the determination of major, minor and trace elements in aqua regia digests of construction products. It refers to the following 67 elements:
Aluminium (Al), antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), beryllium (Be), bismuth (Bi), boron (B), cadmium (Cd), calcium (Ca), cerium (Ce), cesium (Cs), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), dysprosium (Dy), erbium (Er), europium (Eu), gadolinium (Gd), gallium (Ga), germanium (Ge), gold (Au), hafnium (Hf), holmium (Ho), indium (In), iridium (Ir), iron (Fe), lanthanum (La), lead (Pb), lithium (Li), lutetium (Lu), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), molybdenum (Mo), neodymium (Nd), nickel (Ni), palladium (Pd), phosphorus (P), platinum (Pt), potassium (K), praseodymium (Pr), rubidium (Rb), rhenium (Re), rhodium (Rh), ruthenium (Ru), samarium (Sm), scandium (Sc), selenium (Se), silicon (Si), silver (Ag), sodium (Na), strontium (Sr), sulphur (S), tellurium (Te), terbium (Tb), thallium (Tl), thorium (Th), thulium (Tm), tin (Sn), titanium (Ti), tungsten (W), uranium (U), vanadium (V), ytterbium (Yb), yttrium (Y), zinc (Zn), and zirconium (Zr.
The methods in this Technical Specification are applicable to construction products.
NOTE   Construction products include e.g. mineral-based products (S); bituminous products (B); metals (M); wood-based products (W); plastics and rubbers (P); sealants and adhesives (A); paints and coatings (C), see also CEN/TR 16045 [1].
The selection of analytical methods to be applied is based on the required sensitivity of the method, which is provided for all combinations of substance and analytical procedure.

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This Technical Specification specifies the method for the determination of major, minor and trace elements in aqua regia and nitric acid digests and in eluates of construction products by Inductively Coupled Plasma - Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). It refers to the following 67 elements: Aluminium (Al), antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), beryllium (Be), bismuth (Bi), boron (B), cadmium (Cd), calcium (Ca), cerium (Ce), cesium (Cs), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), dysprosium (Dy), erbium (Er), europium (Eu), gadolinium (Gd), gallium (Ga), germanium (Ge), gold (Au), hafnium (Hf), holmium (Ho), indium (In), iridium (Ir), iron (Fe), lanthanum (La), lead (Pb), lithium (Li), lutetium (Lu), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), molybdenum (Mo), neodymium (Nd), nickel (Ni), palladium (Pd), phosphorus (P), platinum (Pt), potassium (K), praseodymium (Pr), rubidium (Rb), rhenium (Re), rhodium (Rh), ruthenium (Ru), samarium (Sm), scandium (Sc), selenium (Se), silicon (Si), silver (Ag), sodium (Na), strontium (Sr), sulphur (S), tellurium (Te), terbium (Tb), thallium (Tl), thorium (Th), thulium (Tm), tin (Sn), titanium (Ti), tungsten (W), uranium (U), vanadium (V), ytterbium (Yb), yttrium (Y), zinc (Zn), and zirconium (Zr).
NOTE 1   Construction products include e.g. mineral-based products (S); bituminous products (B); metals (M); wood-based products (W); plastics and rubbers (P); sealants and adhesives (A); paints and coatings (C), see also CEN/TR 16045 [1].
The working range depends on the matrix and the interferences encountered.
NOTE 2   The limit of detection of most elements will be affected by their natural abundance, ionization behaviour, on abundance of isotope(s) free from isobaric interferences and by contamination (e.g. handling and airborne). Handling contaminations are in many cases more important than airborne ones.
The limit of detection will be higher in cases where the determination is likely to be interfered (see Clause 4) or in case of memory effects (see e.g. EN ISO 17294-1:2006, 8.2).
The method in this Technical Specification is applicable to construction products and validated for the product types listed in Annex B.

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This Technical Specification specifies the method for the determination of major, minor and trace elements in aqua regia and nitric acid digests and in eluates of construction products by Inductively Coupled Plasma - Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES). It refers to the following 44 elements: Aluminium (Al), antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), beryllium (Be), bismuth (Bi), boron (B), cadmium (Cd), calcium (Ca), cerium (Ce), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), lanthanum (La), lead (Pb), lithium (Li), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), molybdenum (Mo), neodymium (Nd), nickel (Ni), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), praseodymium (Pr), samarium (Sm), scandium (Sc), selenium (Se), silicon (Si), silver (Ag), sodium (Na), strontium (Sr), sulphur (S), tellurium (Te), thallium (Tl), thorium (Th), tin (Sn), titanium (Ti), tungsten (W), uranium (U), vanadium (V), zinc (Zn), and zirconium (Zr).
For the determination of low levels of As, Se and Sb, hydride generation may be applied. This method is described in Annex D.
NOTE   Construction products include e.g. mineral-based products (S); bituminous products (B); metals (M); wood-based products (W); plastics and rubbers (P); sealants and adhesives (A); paints and coatings (C), see also CEN/TR 16045 [1].
The method in this Technical Specification is applicable to construction products and validated for the product types listed in Annex D.

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This Technical Specification specifies analytical methods for the determination of major, minor and trace elements in aqua regia digests of construction products. It refers to the following 67 elements:
Aluminium (Al), antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), beryllium (Be), bismuth (Bi), boron (B), cadmium (Cd), calcium (Ca), cerium (Ce), cesium (Cs), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), dysprosium (Dy), erbium (Er), europium (Eu), gadolinium (Gd), gallium (Ga), germanium (Ge), gold (Au), hafnium (Hf), holmium (Ho), indium (In), iridium (Ir), iron (Fe), lanthanum (La), lead (Pb), lithium (Li), lutetium (Lu), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), molybdenum (Mo), neodymium (Nd), nickel (Ni), palladium (Pd), phosphorus (P), platinum (Pt), potassium (K), praseodymium (Pr), rubidium (Rb), rhenium (Re), rhodium (Rh), ruthenium (Ru), samarium (Sm), scandium (Sc), selenium (Se), silicon (Si), silver (Ag), sodium (Na), strontium (Sr), sulphur (S), tellurium (Te), terbium (Tb), thallium (Tl), thorium (Th), thulium (Tm), tin (Sn), titanium (Ti), tungsten (W), uranium (U), vanadium (V), ytterbium (Yb), yttrium (Y), zinc (Zn), and zirconium (Zr.
The methods in this Technical Specification are applicable to construction products.
NOTE   Construction products include e.g. mineral-based products (S); bituminous products (B); metals (M); wood-based products (W); plastics and rubbers (P); sealants and adhesives (A); paints and coatings (C), see also CEN/TR 16045 [1].
The selection of analytical methods to be applied is based on the required sensitivity of the method, which is provided for all combinations of substance and analytical procedure.

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This Technical Specification specifies the method for the determination of major, minor and trace elements in aqua regia and nitric acid digests and in eluates of construction products by Inductively Coupled Plasma – Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES). It refers to the following 44 elements: Aluminium (Al), antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), beryllium (Be), bismuth (Bi), boron (B), cadmium (Cd), calcium (Ca), cerium (Ce), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), lanthanum (La), lead (Pb), lithium (Li), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), molybdenum (Mo), neodymium (Nd), nickel (Ni), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), praseodymium (Pr), samarium (Sm), scandium (Sc), selenium (Se), silicon (Si), silver (Ag), sodium (Na), strontium (Sr), sulphur (S), tellurium (Te), thallium (Tl), thorium (Th), tin (Sn), titanium (Ti), tungsten (W), uranium (U), vanadium (V), zinc (Zn), and zirconium (Zr).
For the determination of low levels of As, Se and Sb, hydride generation may be applied. This method is described in Annex D.
NOTE   Construction products include e.g. mineral-based products (S); bituminous products (B); metals (M); wood-based products (W); plastics and rubbers (P); sealants and adhesives (A); paints and coatings (C), see also CEN/TR 16045 [1].
The method in this Technical Specification is applicable to construction products and validated for the product types listed in Annex D.

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This Technical Specification specifies the method for the determination of major, minor and trace elements in aqua regia and nitric acid digests and in eluates of construction products by Inductively Coupled Plasma - Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). It refers to the following 67 elements: Aluminium (Al), antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), beryllium (Be), bismuth (Bi), boron (B), cadmium (Cd), calcium (Ca), cerium (Ce), cesium (Cs), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), dysprosium (Dy), erbium (Er), europium (Eu), gadolinium (Gd), gallium (Ga), germanium (Ge), gold (Au), hafnium (Hf), holmium (Ho), indium (In), iridium (Ir), iron (Fe), lanthanum (La), lead (Pb), lithium (Li), lutetium (Lu), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), molybdenum (Mo), neodymium (Nd), nickel (Ni), palladium (Pd), phosphorus (P), platinum (Pt), potassium (K), praseodymium (Pr), rubidium (Rb), rhenium (Re), rhodium (Rh), ruthenium (Ru), samarium (Sm), scandium (Sc), selenium (Se), silicon (Si), silver (Ag), sodium (Na), strontium (Sr), sulphur (S), tellurium (Te), terbium (Tb), thallium (Tl), thorium (Th), thulium (Tm), tin (Sn), titanium (Ti), tungsten (W), uranium (U), vanadium (V), ytterbium (Yb), yttrium (Y), zinc (Zn), and zirconium (Zr).
NOTE 1   Construction products include e.g. mineral-based products (S); bituminous products (B); metals (M); wood-based products (W); plastics and rubbers (P); sealants and adhesives (A); paints and coatings (C), see also CEN/TR 16045 [1].
The working range depends on the matrix and the interferences encountered.
NOTE 2   The limit of detection of most elements will be affected by their natural abundance, ionization behaviour, on abundance of isotope(s) free from isobaric interferences and by contamination (e.g. handling and airborne). Handling contaminations are in many cases more important than airborne ones.
The limit of detection will be higher in cases where the determination is likely to be interfered (see Clause 4) or in case of memory effects (see e.g. EN ISO 17294-1:2006, 8.2).
The method in this Technical Specification is applicable to construction products and validated for the product types listed in Annex B.

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This Technical Specification specifies a method for digestion of construction products for the analysis of the content of inorganic substances. The method is based on the use of aqua regia. Solutions produced by this method are suitable for analysis by e.g. inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), by atomic absorption spectrometry (CVAAS, CVAFS), for the following elements: aluminium, antimony, arsenic, barium, beryllium, bismuth, boron, cadmium, calcium, cerium, chromium, cobalt, copper, iron, lanthanum, lead, lithium, magnesium, manganese, mercury, molybdenum, neodymium, nickel, phosphorus, potassium, praseodymium, samarium, scandium, selenium, silicon, silver, sodium, strontium, sulphur, tellurium, thallium, thorium, tin, titanium, tungsten, uranium, vanadium, zinc and zirconium. NOTE Construction products include e.g. mineral-based products (S); bituminous products (B); metals (M); wood-based products (W); plastics and rubbers (P); sealants and adhesives (A); paints and coatings (C), see also CEN/TR 16045.

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This European Standard specifies methods for the determination of major, minor, and trace elements (Ag, Al, As, Ba, Be, Bi, B, Cd, Ca, Cr, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, K, La, Li, Mg, Mo, Mn, Na, Nd, Ni, P, Pb, Pr, Total S, Sb, Sc, Se, Sm, Sr, Te, Tl, Th, Ti, U, V, W, Zn and Zr) and of anions (Cl-, Br-, F-, SO42-),in aqueous eluates for the quantification of release from construction products. The standard also describes how to measure general parameters like pH, electrical conductivity, DOC/TOC. <> Method detection limits are provided to enable the choice for which analysis method to use. For Hg also a cold vapour method is given.

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This document describes a test method for the determination of the activity concentrations of the radionuclides radium-226, thorium-232 and potassium-40 in construction products using semiconductor gamma-ray spectrometry.
This document describes sampling from a laboratory sample, sample preparation, and the sample measurement by semiconductor gamma-ray spectrometry. It includes background subtraction, energy and efficiency calibration, analysis of the spectrum, calculation of the activity concentrations with the associated uncertainties, the decision threshold and detection limit, and reporting of the results. The preparation of the laboratory sample from the initial product sample lies outside its scope and is described in product standards.
This document is intended to be non product-specific in scope, however, there are a limited number of product-specific elements such as the preparation of the laboratory sample and drying of the test portion. The method is applicable to samples from products consisting of single or multiple material components.

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(1) This document allows the identification of the appropriate leaching test method for the determination of the release of RDS from construction products into soil, surface water and groundwater. This document provides a stepwise procedure for the determination of appropriate release tests, including:
a) determination of the test method based on general product properties;
b) choice of the test method using specific product properties.
(2) Furthermore, this Technical Specification gives general guidance for CEN Technical Product Committees and EOTA WGs on basic aspects (sampling, sample preparation and storage, eluate treatment, analysis of eluates and documentation) to be specified in the relevant product standards or ETAs.
(3) Metallic products and coatings on metallic products are not considered in the determination scheme of this Technical Specification since the test methods in CEN/TS 16637-2 (tank test) and CEN/TS 16637-3 (column test) are not appropriate for the testing of these construction products due to a different release mechanism (solubility control).
NOTE See Annex F.
(4) It is assumed that intermittent contact with water (e. g. exposure to rainwater) is tested — by convention — as permanent contact. For some coatings, (e. g. some renders with organic binders according to EN 15824 [4]) in intermittent contact to water, physical and chemical properties might be altered in permanent contact with water. These products are not considered in the determination scheme of this Technical Specification since the test method in CEN/TS 16637-2 is not appropriate for the testing of these construction products (in this case EN 16105 [5] might be an alternative method).

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the gross heat of combustion (QPCS) of
products at constant volume in a bomb calorimeter.
This method is intended to be applied to solid products.
NOTE Liquids can be tested with similar equipment and using conditions described in ASTM D240[1], as
described in IEC 61039[2] using ISO 1928[3] test equipment.
Annex A specifies the calculation of the net heat of combustion, QPCI, when required.
Information on the precision of the test method is given in Annex B.

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This Technical Specification specifies methods for obtaining the aqua regia digestible content of construction products. Solutions produced by this method are for analysis by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and inductively coupled spectrometry (ICP-OES) for the following 67 elements:
Aluminium (Al), antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), beryllium (Be), bismuth (Bi), boron (B), cadmium (Cd), calcium (Ca), cerium (Ce), cesium (Cs), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), dysprosium (Dy), erbium (Er), europium (Eu), gadolinium (Gd), gallium (Ga), germanium (Ge), gold (Au), hafnium (Hf), holmium (Ho), indium (In), iridium (Ir), iron (Fe), lanthanum (La), lead (Pb), lithium (Li), lutetium (Lu), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), molybdenum (Mo), neodymium (Nd), nickel (Ni), palladium (Pd), phosphorus (P), platinum (Pt), potassium (K), praseodymium (Pr), rubidium (Rb), rhenium (Re), rhodium (Rh), ruthenium (Ru), samarium (Sm), scandium (Sc), selenium (Se), silicon (Si), silver (Ag), sodium (Na), strontium (Sr), sulphur (S), tellurium (Te), terbium (Tb), thallium (Tl), thorium (Th), thulium (Tm), tin (Sn), titanium (Ti), tungsten (W), uranium (U), vanadium (V), ytterbium (Yb), yttrium (Y), zinc (Zn), and zirconium (Zr).
Solutions produced by the methods are suitable for analysis by cold vapour atomic absorption or fluorescent spectrometry (CV-AAS, CV-AFS), for mercury (Hg).
The method in this Technical Specification is applicable to construction products.
Digestion with aqua regia will not necessarily accomplish total decomposition of the sample. The extracted analyte concentrations may not necessarily reflect the total content in the sample.
NOTE   Construction products include e.g. mineral-based products (S); bituminous products (B); metals (M); wood-based products (W); plastics and rubbers (P); sealants and adhesives (A); paints and coatings (C), see also CEN/TR 16045.

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This Technical Specification specifies analytical methods for the determination of major, minor and trace elements and of anions in aqueous eluates from construction products. It refers to the following 67 elements:
Aluminium (Al), antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), beryllium (Be), bismuth (Bi), boron (B), cadmium (Cd), calcium (Ca), cerium (Ce), cesium (Cs), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), dysprosium (Dy), erbium (Er), europium (Eu), gadolinium (Gd), gallium (Ga), germanium (Ge), gold (Au), hafnium (Hf), holmium (Ho), indium (In), iridium (Ir), iron (Fe), lanthanum (La), lead (Pb), lithium (Li), lutetium (Lu), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), molybdenum (Mo), neodymium (Nd), nickel (Ni), palladium (Pd), phosphorus (P), platinum (Pt), potassium (K), praseodymium (Pr), rubidium (Rb), rhenium (Re), rhodium (Rh), ruthenium (Ru), samarium (Sm), scandium (Sc), selenium (Se), silicon (Si), silver (Ag), sodium (Na), strontium (Sr), sulphur (S), tellurium (Te), terbium (Tb), thallium (Tl), thorium (Th), thulium (Tm), tin (Sn), titanium (Ti), tungsten (W), uranium (U), vanadium (V), ytterbium (Yb), yttrium (Y), zinc (Zn), and zirconium (Zr) and to the following four anions: Cl-, Br-, F-, SO42-.
The Technical Specification also describes how to measure general parameters like pH, electrical conductivity, DOC/TOC.
The methods in this Technical Specification are applicable to construction products.
NOTE   Construction products include e.g. mineral-based products (S); bituminous products (B); metals (M); wood-based products (W); plastics and rubbers (P); sealants and adhesives (A); paints and coatings (C), see also CEN/TR 16045.
The selection of analytical methods to be applied is based on the required sensitivity of the method, which is provided for all substance - analytical procedure combinations.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the gross heat of combustion (QPCS) of products at constant volume in a bomb calorimeter.
This method is intended to be applied to solid products.
NOTE Liquids can be tested with similar equipment and using conditions described in ASTM D240[1], as described in IEC 61039[2] using ISO 1928[3] test equipment.
Annex A specifies the calculation of the net heat of combustion, QPCI, when required.
Information on the precision of the test method is given in Annex B.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the gross heat of combustion (QPCS) of products at constant volume in a bomb calorimeter. This method is intended to be applied to solid products. NOTE Liquids can be tested with similar equipment and using conditions described in ASTM D240[1], as described in IEC 61039[2] using ISO 1928[3] test equipment. Annex A specifies the calculation of the net heat of combustion, QPCI, when required. Information on the precision of the test method is given in Annex B.

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The aim of this Technical Report is to propose a methodology to determine indoor gamma dose from building materials and to help classify such a product as required in the Construction Products Regulation [7]. This first technical approach could be a precursor for the development of a harmonized European Standard based on this methodology.
NOTE 1   In this Technical Report, doses from radon and thoron exhalation are excluded. However, in 3.3, information is given on how radon exhalation is dealt with in (EU)2013/59/Euratom, the Basic Safety Standards Directive (Euratom-BSS) [1].
NOTE 2   Building materials considered in this Technical Report are the construction products used for buildings. Other construction products used for any other construction works (civil engineering…) are not relevant and out of the purpose of the scope of this Technical Report.
NOTE 3   Compliance with national exemption levels for NORM nuclides remains.

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The aim of this Technical Report is to propose a methodology to determine indoor gamma dose from building materials and to help classify such a product as required in the Construction Products Regulation [7]. This first technical approach could be a precursor for the development of a harmonized European Standard based on this methodology.
NOTE 1   In this Technical Report, doses from radon and thoron exhalation are excluded. However, in 3.3, information is given on how radon exhalation is dealt with in (EU)2013/59/Euratom, the Basic Safety Standards Directive (2013/59/EURATOM) [1].
NOTE 2   Compliance with national exemption levels for NORM nuclides remains.

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This Technical Report gives information on existing methods to test ecotoxicity of construction products. Information is given on how to combine recommended leaching tests with biological tests for the aquatic environment and how to avoid possible problems, when performing biological tests. Also suitable terrestrial tests on granular construction products diluted with artificial soil are proposed for a minimum test battery.
Reference has been made as far as possible to existing International and European Standards and guidelines.
The test procedure described in this Technical Report is technically suitable for all construction product eluates and for terrestrial tests on granular or paste-like construction products. However, from the point of view of test efficiency it is recommended mainly for products containing organics or polymers in case chemical analysis alone is not deemed to be sufficient. For inorganic products the chemical analysis is seen as straightforward in construction product eluates and therefore the added value of data received through ecotoxicity tests is seen as limited.

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This Technical Report gives information on existing methods to test ecotoxicity of construction products. Information is given on how to combine recommended leaching tests with biological tests for the aquatic environment and how to avoid possible problems, when performing biological tests. Also suitable terrestrial tests on granular construction products diluted with artificial soil are proposed for a minimum test battery.
Reference has been made as far as possible to existing International and European Standards and guidelines.
The test procedure described in this Technical Report is technically suitable for all construction product eluates and for terrestrial tests on granular or paste-like construction products. However, from the point of view of test efficiency it is recommended mainly for products containing organics or polymers in case chemical analysis alone is not deemed to be sufficient. For inorganic products the chemical analysis is seen as straightforward in construction product eluates and therefore the added value of data received through ecotoxicity tests is seen as limited.

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This Technical Specification is applicable to determine the leaching behaviour of non-volatile inorganic and organic substances from granular construction products (without or with size reduction (see 6.2)). The construction products are subjected to percolation with water as a function of liquid to solid ratio under specified percolation conditions. The construction products are leached under hydraulically dynamic conditions. The method is a once-through column leaching test and the test results establish the distinction between different release patterns, for instance wash-out and release under the influence of interaction with the matrix, when approaching local equilibrium between construction product and leachant (for inorganic substances).
This test method produces eluates, which can subsequently be characterised by physical, chemical and ecotoxicological methods according to existing standard methods. The results of eluate analysis are presented as a function of the liquid/solid ratio. The test is not suitable for species that are volatile under ambient conditions. This up-flow percolation test is a parameter specific test as specified in TS351WG1XXX-1 and is therefore not necessarily producing results that mimic specific intended use situations. This measurement procedure allows the manufacturer to determine the information on the release performance to be provided with the CE-marking.
NOTE 1   Volatile organic substances include the low molecular weight substances in mixtures such as mineral oil.
NOTE 2   It is not always possible to optimise test conditions simultaneously for inorganic and organic substances and optimum test conditions may also vary between different groups of organic substances. Test requirements for organic substances are generally more stringent than those for inorganic substances. The test conditions suitable for measuring the release of organic substances will generally also be applicable to inorganic substances.

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This document specifies a method based on cup tests for determining the water vapour permeance of
building products and the water vapour permeability of building materials under isothermal conditions.
Different sets of test conditions are specified.
The general principles are applicable to all hygroscopic and non-hygroscopic building materials and
products, including insulation materials and including those with facings and integral skins. Annexes
give details of test methods suitable for different material types.
The results obtained by this method are suitable for design purposes, production control and for
inclusion in product specifications.

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ISO 12572:2016 specifies a method based on cup tests for determining the water vapour permeance of building products and the water vapour permeability of building materials under isothermal conditions. Different sets of test conditions are specified.
The general principles are applicable to all hygroscopic and non-hygroscopic building materials and products, including insulation materials and including those with facings and integral skins. Annexes give details of test methods suitable for different material types.
The results obtained by this method are suitable for design purposes, production control and for inclusion in product specifications.

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(1)   This Technical Specification specifies an Up-flow Percolation Test (PT) which is applicable to determine the leaching behaviour of inorganic and non-volatile organic substances from granular construction products. The test is not suitable for substances that are volatile under ambient conditions. The construction products are subjected to percolation with water as a function of liquid to solid ratio under specified percolation conditions. The method is a once-through column leaching test.
(2)   This up-flow percolation test is performed under specified test conditions for construction products and does not necessarily produce results that mimic specific intended use conditions. This test method produces eluates, which can subsequently be characterized by physical, chemical and ecotoxicological methods according to existing standard methods. The results of eluate analysis are presented as a function of the liquid/solid ratio. The test results enable the distinction between different leaching behaviour.
NOTE 1   Volatile organic substances include the low molecular weight substances in mixtures such as mineral oil.
NOTE 2   It is not always possible to adjust test conditions simultaneously for inorganic and organic substances and test conditions may also vary between different groups of organic substances. Test conditions for organic substances are generally more stringent than those for inorganic substances. The test conditions are generally described in a way that they fit testing organic substances and are also applicable to inorganic substances depending on the set-up.
NOTE 3   For ecotoxicity testing, eluates representing the release of both inorganic and organic substances are needed. In this document, ecotoxicological testing is meant to include also genotoxicological testing.
Construction products that exhibit a saturated hydraulic conductivity of about 10−8 m/s or higher can usually be subjected to this test. This procedure is also applicable to materials showing solidification in the column, if the final hydraulic conductivity is within the specified range. Inert granular material should not be added to improve permeability in order to enable their testing.
NOTE 4   This procedure is generally not applicable to products that are easily biologically degradable and products reacting with the leachant, leading, for example, to excessive gas emission or excessive heat release, impermeable hydraulically bound products or products that swell in contact with water.

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This CEN Technical Report provides guidance on the statistical assessment of declared values with respect to the release, emission and/or content of dangerous substances. This Technical Report provides statistically-based criteria for type-testing (TT), further-testing (FT) and where a product has been shown to be consistent with measured values for the release, emission or content that are significantly below the declared values, the point where no-further-testing (NFT) is permitted.
A series of fundamental principles are defined in the present document and two statistical approaches are defined. The first approach is to use assessment by variables and this approach requires the data to be normally or log-normally distributed. This approach is recommended as the default option. The alternative approach based on assessment by attributes is appropriate for data sets that are not normally or log-normally distributed. The downside to this form of assessment is that more test data are needed for the same level of reliability. The present document introduces these assessment procedures and FprCEN/TR 16797-2 provides more detail and the statistical proof that they satisfy the principles defined in this document. With both of these approaches the minimum frequency of testing is a function of the distance between the mean value and declared value and the variability of the data set, i.e. the sample standard deviation.
To reduce the costs of testing, production plants producing a similar product may share data, e.g. be grouping the product into clusters for statistical assessment of declared values. Rules for the use of clusters are given in this document.
FprCEN/TR 16797-2 also contains rules for identifying outliers within a data set and guidance on using tests other than the reference method for FT.
A list of tasks for product technical committees is given in FprCEN/TR 16797-2 as is a model clause for including in product standards and rules of applications that may be cited in the product standard or copied into product standards.

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This CEN Technical Report provides guidance on the statistical assessment of declared values with respect to the release, emission and/or content of dangerous substances. This report provides statistically-based criteria for type-testing (TT), further-testing (FT) and where a product has been shown to be consistent with measured values for the release, emission or content that are significantly below the declared values, the point where no-further-testing (NFT) is permitted.
A series of fundamental principles are defined in FprCEN/TR 16797-1 and two statistical approaches are defined. The first approach is to use assessment by variables and this approach requires the data to be normally or log-normally distributed. This approach is recommended as the default option. The alternative approach based on assessment by attributes is appropriate for data sets that are not normally or log-normally distributed. The downside to this form of assessment is that more test data are needed for the same level of reliability. FprCEN/TR 16797-1 introduces these assessment procedures and FprCEN/TR 16797-2 provides more detail and the statistical proof that they satisfy the principles defined in FprCEN/TR 16797-1. With both of these approaches the minimum frequency of testing is a function of the distance between the mean value and declared value and the variability of the data set, i.e. the sample standard deviation.
To reduce the costs of testing, production plants producing a similar product may share data, e.g. be grouping the product into clusters for statistical assessment of declared values. Rules for the use of clusters are given in this document.
This document also contains rules for identifying outliers within a data set and guidance on using tests other than the reference method for FT.
A list of tasks for product technical committees is given in this document as is a model clause for including in product standards and rules of applications that may be cited in the product standard or copied into product standards.

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This Technical Report provides guidance on the statistical assessment of declared values with respect to the release, emission and/or content of dangerous substances. This Technical Report provides statistically-based criteria for type-testing (TT), further-testing (FT) and where a product has been shown to be consistent with measured values for the release, emission or content that are significantly below the declared values, the point where no-further-testing (NFT) is permitted.
A series of fundamental principles are defined in the present document and two statistical approaches are defined. The first approach is to use assessment by variables and this approach requires the data to be normally or log-normally distributed. This approach is recommended as the default option. The alternative approach based on assessment by attributes is appropriate for data sets that are not normally or log-normally distributed. The downside to this form of assessment is that more test data are needed for the same level of reliability. The present document introduces these assessment procedures and CEN/TR 16797-2 provides more detail and the statistical proof that they satisfy the principles defined in this document. With both of these approaches the minimum frequency of testing is a function of the distance between the mean value and declared value and the variability of the data set, i.e. the sample standard deviation.
To reduce the costs of testing, production plants producing a similar product may share data, e.g. be grouping the product into clusters for statistical assessment of declared values. Rules for the use of clusters are given in CEN/TR 16797-2.
CEN/TR 16797-2 also contains rules for identifying outliers within a data set and guidance on using tests other than the reference method for FT.
A list of tasks for product technical committees is given in CEN/TR 16797-2 as is a model clause for including in product standards and rules of applications that may be cited in the product standard or copied into product standards.

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This Technical Report provides guidance on the statistical assessment of declared values with respect to the release, emission and/or content of dangerous substances. This report provides statistically-based criteria for type-testing (TT), further-testing (FT) and where a product has been shown to be consistent with measured values for the release, emission or content that are significantly below the declared values, the point where no-further-testing (NFT) is permitted.
A series of fundamental principles are defined in CEN/TR 16797-1 and two statistical approaches are defined. The first approach is to use assessment by variables and this approach requires the data to be normally or log-normally distributed. This approach is recommended as the default option. The alternative approach based on assessment by attributes is appropriate for data sets that are not normally or log-normally distributed. The downside to this form of assessment is that more test data are needed for the same level of reliability. CEN/TR 16797-1 introduces these assessment procedures and CEN/TR 16797-2 provides more detail and the statistical proof that they satisfy the principles defined in CEN/TR 16797-1. With both of these approaches the minimum frequency of testing is a function of the distance between the mean value and declared value and the variability of the data set, i.e. the sample standard deviation.
To reduce the costs of testing, production plants producing a similar product may share data, e.g. be grouping the product into clusters for statistical assessment of declared values. Rules for the use of clusters are given in this document.
This document also contains rules for identifying outliers within a data set and guidance on using tests other than the reference method for FT.
A list of tasks for product technical committees is given in this document as is a model clause for including in product standards and rules of applications that may be cited in the product standard or copied into product standards.

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This standard defines terms used in the field of the assessment of release of dangerous substances for construction products. The terms are classified under the following main headings: - Terms regarding the development and application of technical specifications for construction products; - Terms related to products and their ingredients (general; soil, ground- and surface water; indoor air); - Terms related to sampling, test procedures and declaration of test results (general; soil, ground- and surface water; indoor air); - Terms related to radiation. An alphabetical index is provided.

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This European Standard defines terms used in the field of the assessment of the release, and the content, of dangerous substances from / in construction products.
The terms are classified under the following main headings:
-   Terms related to products and substances (general; soil, groundwater and surface water; indoor air);
-   Terms related to sampling and sample preparation;
-   Terms related to test procedures and test results (general; soil, groundwater and surface water; indoor air, radiation).
An alphabetical index is provided.
NOTE   Further terms generally concerning the development and application of technical specifications for construction products which fall under the scope of the construction products regulation (CPR) are listed in Annex A.

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