This document sets out requirements regarding the performance of characteristics of the following types of cross laminated timber to be used in buildings and bridges:
-   type 1: Straight or curved cross laminated timber comprising only timber layers but no large finger joints;
-   type 2: Straight cross laminated timber comprising only timber layers and large finger joints;
-   type 3: Straight cross laminated timber comprising timber and wood-based panel layers but no large finger joints.
It also lays down procedures for assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVPC) of characteristics and specifies marking and labelling of cross laminated timber.
This document covers cross laminated timber of all three types of cross laminated timber:
-   manufactured according to this standard, which sets up provisions for:
-   boundary conditions during manufacture of cross laminated timber;
-   moisture content and temperature of timber to be bonded;
-   production of finger joints and bonds between layers;
-   to be used in service class 1 or 2 according to EN 1995 1 1;
-   made of coniferous species and poplar listed in this standard;
-   which may be made of layers made of different species having similar properties;
-   bonded with phenolic or aminoplastic or moisture curing one-component polyurethane or emulsion polymer isocyanate adhesives of adhesive type I according to the respective standard;
-   built up of at least three orthogonally bonded layers (at least two of them timber layers);
-   which may have, depending on the number of layers, adjacent layers bonded parallel to the grain;
-   made of timber layers which are made of strength graded timber according to EN 14081 1;
-   made of timber layers having nominal thicknesses between 6 mm (including) and 60 mm (including) depending on the layup;
-   made of timber layers
-   which may comprise non-structural edge bonds; and
-   have a mean gap width of less than or equal to 0,6 mm and a 90th percentile of the gap width of 2 mm;
-   having nominal overall thicknesses up to 500 mm.
Additional provisions of this document apply for straight cross laminated timber comprising only timber layers and comprising large finger joints (type 2):
-   made from cross laminated timber pieces having the same cross-section and layup;
-   made from cross laminated timber pieces having nominal cross-sectional thicknesses from 51 mm (including) up to 345 mm (including) and nominal minimum thicknesses of the outer layers not less than 17 mm (including).
-   made from cross laminated timber pieces solely comprising timber layers;
-   made from plane cross laminated timber pieces;
-   with parallel x-axes of the jointed components;
-   with finger joints having a finger length of at least 45 mm and fingers which are visible at the two narrow sides of the components;
-   bonded with phenolic or aminoplastic or moisture curing one-component polyurethane adhesives of adhesive type I according to the respective standard.
Additional provisions of this document apply for straight cross laminated timber comprising timber and wood-based panel layers but no large finger joints (type 3):
-   made of structural wood-based panels specified in this European standard;
-   made of one panel per layer and;
-   having thicknesses between 6 mm (including) and 45 mm (including);
This document applies to cross laminated timber untreated or treated against biological attack.
This document  does not cover:
-   cross laminated timber treated with fire retardants;
-   cross laminated timber which is produced from re-used timber or wood-based panels comprising re-used timber.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for strength graded structural timber with rectangular cross-sections either visual or machine graded, shaped by sawing, planning or other methods and with cross-sectional dimensions complying with EN 336 (referred to as structural timber in the following clauses).
This European Standard includes provisions for test methods, Assessment and Verification of Constancy of Performance and marking of structural timber.
NOTE 1   For machine strength graded timber additional provisions for type testing (TT) are given in EN 14081-2 and for factory production control (FPC) in EN 14081-3.
NOTE 2   An acceptance procedure for verification of a lot is given in EN 14358 which may be used for a delivery of structural timber.
This European Standard identifies characteristics for which limits have to be given in visual grading standards.
This European Standard covers structural timber, untreated or treated against biological attack.
This European Standard does not cover:
-   timber treated by fire retardant products to improve its fire performance;
-   thermally and/or chemically modified timber;
-   structural finger jointed timber.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for strength graded structural timber with rectangular cross-sections either visual or machine graded, shaped by sawing, planning or other methods and with cross-sectional dimensions complying with EN 336 (referred to as structural timber in the following clauses).
This European Standard includes provisions for test methods, Assessment and Verification of Constancy of Performance and marking of structural timber.
NOTE 1   For machine strength graded timber additional provisions for type testing (TT) are given in EN 14081-2 and for factory production control (FPC) in EN 14081-3.
NOTE 2   An acceptance procedure for verification of a lot is given in EN 14358 which may be used for a delivery of structural timber.
This European Standard identifies characteristics for which limits have to be given in visual grading standards.
This European Standard covers structural timber, untreated or treated against biological attack.
This European Standard does not cover:
-   timber treated by fire retardant products to improve its fire performance;
-   thermally and/or chemically modified timber;
-   structural finger jointed timber.

  • Standard
    36 pages
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This document sets out provisions regarding the performance of characteristics of the following Types of cross laminated timber for use in buildings and bridges:
- Type 1: Straight or curved cross laminated timber comprising only timber layers but no large finger joints;
- Type 2: Straight cross laminated timber comprising only timber layers and large finger joints;
- Type 3: Straight cross laminated timber comprising timber and wood-based panel layers but no large finger joints.
This document covers cross laminated timber of all three Types of cross laminated timber:
- manufactured according to this document, which sets up provisions for:
- boundary conditions during manufacture of cross laminated timber;
- moisture content and temperature of timber to be bonded;
- production of finger joints and bonds between layers;
- to be used in service class 1 or 2 according to EN 1995-1-1;
- made of coniferous species and poplar listed in this document;
- which may be made of layers made of different species;
- bonded with phenolic or aminoplastic or moisture curing one-component polyurethane or emulsion polymer isocyanate adhesives of adhesive Type I according to the respective standard;
- made of timber laminations having a nominal width between 40 mm (including) and 300 mm (including);
- built up of at least three orthogonally bonded layers (at least two of them timber layers);
- which may have, depending on the number of layers, adjacent layers bonded parallel to the grain;
- made of timber layers which are made of strength graded timber according to EN 14081-1;
-made of timber layers having nominal thicknesses between 6 mm (including) and 47 mm (including);
- made of timber layers which may comprise edge bonds;
- having nominal overall thicknesses up to 500 mm.
Additional provisions of this document apply for straight cross laminated timber comprising only timber layers and comprising large finger joints (Type 2):
- made from cross laminated timber pieces having the same cross-section and layup;
- made from cross laminated timber pieces having nominal cross-sectional thicknesses from 51 mm (including) up to 345 mm (including) and nominal minimum thicknesses of the outer layers not less than 17 mm (including);
- made from cross laminated timber pieces solely comprising timber layers;
- made from plane cross laminated timber pieces;
- with parallel x-axes of the jointed components;
- with large finger joints having a finger length of at least 45 mm and fingers which are visible at the two narrow sides of the components;
- having large finger joints bonded with phenolic or aminoplastic or moisture curing one-component polyurethane adhesives of adhesive Type I according to the respective standard.
Additional provisions of this document apply for straight cross laminated timber comprising timber and wood-based panel layers but no large finger joints (Type 3):
- made of structural wood-based panels specified in this document;
- made of one panel per layer and;
- having thicknesses between 6 mm (including) and 45 mm (including).
This document applies to cross laminated timber untreated or treated against biological attack.
This document does not cover:
- cross laminated timber treated with fire retardants;
- cross laminated timber which is produced from re-used timber or wood-based panels comprising re-used timber.
It also lays down procedures for assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVPC) of cross laminated timber.

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This European Standard sets out provisions regarding the performance characteristics for prefabricated structural (load-bearing) wall, floor and roof elements consisting of framing members of timber, glued solid timber, glued laminated timber, laminated veneer lumber (LVL), structural prefabricated wooden beams/columns and sheeting made of wood-based boards/panels or gypsum boards/panels on one or both sides, for use in service class 1 or 2 in accordance with EN 1995-1-1.
This European Standard also specifies additional requirements for the components and for the production of the elements.
It sets down requirements for the provision of performance details of prefabricated elements at point of delivery.
The panels and/or boards are connected to the framing members by suitable structural adhesive bonding or by mechanical fixing. The elements may be insulated or uninsulated. The exterior faces of the elements may also be covered with insulation material.
This European Standard covers glued and mechanically fixed wall elements with length of maximal 16,5 m, height of maximal 3,2 m and of unrestricted thickness.
This European Standard covers mechanically fixed floor and roof elements with length of maximal 16,5 m and a thickness of maximal 1,0 m and a width of maximal 3,5 m. The mechanically fixed floor element may include additional bond lines to increase stiffness to enlarge resistance versus vibrations.
This European Standard covers glued floor and roof elements with length of maximal 12,5 m and a load bearing cross-sectional thickness of maximal 0,35 m and a width of maximal 3,5 m.
This European Standard identifies structural (3.1.4) and non-structural (3.1.3) components to be used in the elements.
This European Standard also lays down provisions and Procedures for Assessment and Verification of Constancy of Performance of these elements.
This European Standard applies to elements that may have openings, e.g. for windows, doors etc. It does not apply to the properties of incorporated doors or windows.
This European Standard does not cover components and elements treated to enhance their fire performance.
Examples of different build-ups are given in Clause 3.

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This European Standard sets out provisions regarding the performance characteristics for prefabricated structural (load-bearing) wall, floor and roof elements consisting of framing members of timber, glued solid timber, glued laminated timber, laminated veneer lumber (LVL), structural prefabricated wooden beams/columns and sheeting made of wood-based boards/panels or gypsum boards/panels on one or both sides, for use in service class 1 or 2 in accordance with EN 1995-1-1.
This European Standard also specifies additional requirements for the components and for the production of the elements.
It sets down requirements for the provision of performance details of prefabricated elements at point of delivery.
The panels and/or boards are connected to the framing members by suitable structural adhesive bonding or by mechanical fixing. The elements may be insulated or uninsulated. The exterior faces of the elements may also be covered with insulation material.
This European Standard covers glued and mechanically fixed wall elements with length of maximal 16,5 m, height of maximal 3,2 m and of unrestricted thickness.
This European Standard covers mechanically fixed floor and roof elements with length of maximal 16,5 m and a thickness of maximal 1,0 m and a width of maximal 3,5 m. The mechanically fixed floor element may include additional bond lines to increase stiffness to enlarge resistance versus vibrations.
This European Standard covers glued floor and roof elements with length of maximal 12,5 m and a load bearing cross-sectional thickness of maximal 0,35 m and a width of maximal 3,5 m.
This European Standard identifies structural (3.1.4) and non-structural (3.1.3) components to be used in the elements.
This European Standard also lays down provisions and Procedures for Assessment and Verification of Constancy of Performance of these elements.
This European Standard applies to elements that may have openings, e.g. for windows, doors etc. It does not apply to the properties of incorporated doors or windows.
This European Standard does not cover components and elements treated to enhance their fire performance.
Examples of different build-ups are given in Clause 3.

  • Draft
    78 pages
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This European Standard specifies requirements for visual and machine strength graded structural timber of rectangular cross-section shaped by sawing, planing or other methods and of minimum cross sectional dimensions complying with EN 336.
This European Standard includes provisions for test methods, Assessment and Verification of Constancy of Performance and marking of structural strength graded timber.
NOTE   For machine strength graded timber additional provisions for type testing (TT) are given in EN 14081-2 and for factory production control (FPC) in EN 14081-3.
This European Standard identifies characteristics for which limits have to be given in visual grading standards.
This European Standard covers structural rectangular timber, untreated or treated against biological attack.
This European Standard does not cover:
-   timber treated by fire retardant products to improve its fire performance;
-   finger jointed timber.

  • Standard
    41 pages
    English language
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    e-Library read for
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This European Standard specifies requirements for strength graded structural timber with rectangular cross-sections either visual or machine graded, shaped by sawing, planning or other methods and with cross-sectional dimensions complying with EN 336 (referred to as structural timber in the following clauses).
This European Standard includes provisions for test methods, Assessment and Verification of Constancy of Performance and marking of structural timber.
NOTE 1   For machine strength graded timber additional provisions for type testing (TT) are given in EN 14081-2 and for factory production control (FPC) in EN 14081-3.
NOTE 2   An acceptance procedure for verification of a lot is given in EN 14358 which may be used for a delivery of structural timber.
This European Standard identifies characteristics for which limits have to be given in visual grading standards.
This European Standard covers structural timber, untreated or treated against biological attack.
This European Standard does not cover:
-   timber treated by fire retardant products to improve its fire performance;
-   thermally and/or chemically modified timber;
-   structural finger jointed timber.

  • Standard
    41 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day