Greenhouse gases - Requirements for greenhouse gas validation and verification bodies for use in accreditation or other forms of recognition (ISO 14065:2013)

ISO 14065:2013 specifies principles and requirements for bodies that undertake validation or verification of greenhouse gas (GHG) assertions.

Treibhausgase - Anforderungen an Validierungs- und Verifizierungsstellen für Treibhausgase zur Anwendung bei der Akkreditierung oder anderen Formen der Anerkennung (ISO 14065:2013)

Die vorliegende Internationale Norm legt Grundsätze für und Anforderungen an Stellen fest, die eine Validierung oder Verifizierung von Erklärungen über Treibhausgase vornehmen.
Sie ist gegenüber Klimaschutzprogrammen neutral. Wenn ein Klimaschutzprogramm anwendbar ist, gelten die Anforderungen dieses Klimaschutzprogramms zusätzlich zu den Anforderungen dieser Internationalen Norm.

Gaz à effet de serre - Exigences pour les organismes fournissant des validations et des vérifications des gaz à effet de serre en vue de l'accréditation ou d'autres formes de reconnaissance (ISO 14065:2013)

L'ISO 14065:2013 spécifie des principes et des exigences à l'intention des organismes qui effectuent la validation ou la vérification des déclarations relatives aux gaz à effet de serre (GES).

Toplogredni plini - Zahteve za organe na področju vrednotenja in preverjanja toplogrednih plinov za uporabo pri akreditaciji ali drugih oblikah priznavanja (ISO 14065:2013)

Ta mednarodni standard določa načela in zahteve za organe, ki izvajajo vrednotenje ali preverjanje navedb o toplogrednih plinih (GHG). Glede programa toplogrednih plinov je nevtralen. Če se uporablja program toplogrednih plinov, zahteve tega programa toplogrednih plinov veljajo dodatno poleg zahtev tega mednarodnega standarda.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
02-Apr-2013
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
03-Apr-2013
Completion Date
03-Apr-2013

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
01-september-2013
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SIST EN ISO 14065:2012
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Greenhouse gases - Requirements for greenhouse gas validation and verification bodies

for use in accreditation or other forms of recognition (ISO 14065:2013)
Treibhausgase - Anforderungen an Validierungs- und Verifizierungsstellen für
Treibhausgase zur Anwendung bei der Akkreditierung oder anderen Formen der
Anerkennung (ISO 14065:2013)

Gaz à effet de serre - Exigences pour les organismes fournissant des validations et des

vérifications des gaz à effet de serre en vue de l'accréditation ou d'autres formes de

reconnaissance (ISO 14065:2013)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 14065:2013
ICS:
07.060 Geologija. Meteorologija. Geology. Meteorology.
Hidrologija Hydrology
13.020.40 Onesnaževanje, nadzor nad Pollution, pollution control
onesnaževanjem in and conservation
ohranjanje
13.040.01 Kakovost zraka na splošno Air quality in general
SIST EN ISO 14065:2013 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
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SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 14065
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2013
ICS 13.020.40 Supersedes EN ISO 14065:2012
English Version
Greenhouse gases - Requirements for greenhouse gas
validation and verification bodies for use in accreditation or other
forms of recognition (ISO 14065:2013)

Gaz à effet de serre - Exigences pour les organismes Treibhausgase - Anforderungen an Validierungs- und

fournissant des validations et des vérifications des gaz à Verifizierungsstellen für Treibhausgase zur Anwendung bei

effet de serre en vue de l'accréditation ou d'autres formes der Akkreditierung oder anderen Formen der Anerkennung

de reconnaissance (ISO 14065:2013) (ISO 14065:2013)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 2 April 2013.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2013 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 14065:2013: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
EN ISO 14065:2013 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive (EC) 765/2008 ......................................................................................4

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SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
EN ISO 14065:2013 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 14065:2013) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207 “Environmental

management”.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2013, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by October 2013.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 14065:2012.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive.

For relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 14065:2013 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 14065:2013 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
EN ISO 14065:2013 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive (EC) 765/2008

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission

and the European Free Trade Association to provide one means of conforming to Essential Requirements of

the New Approach Directive (EC) 765/2008, New legislative framework (NLF).

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive and has been

implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the normative clauses of

this standard confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the

relevant Essential Requirements of that Directive and associated EFTA regulations.

WARNING — Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the products falling within

the scope of this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 14065
Second edition
2013-04-01
Greenhouse gases — Requirements
for greenhouse gas validation
and verification bodies for use in
accreditation or other forms of
recognition
Gaz à effet de serre — Exigences pour les organismes fournissant
des validations et des vérifications des gaz à effet de serre en vue de
l’accréditation ou d’autres formes de reconnaissance
Reference number
ISO 14065:2013(E)
ISO 2013
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SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
ISO 14065:2013(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2013

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
ISO 14065:2013(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 Terms related to greenhouse gases ....................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Terms related to people and organizations .................................................................................................................... 2

3.3 Terms related to validation and verification ................................................................................................................. 3

3.4 Terms related to recognition and assurance ................................................................................................................. 5

4 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.2 Impartiality ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

4.3 Competence ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.4 Factual approach to decision making .................................................................................................................................. 6

4.5 Openness ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.6 Confidentiality ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5 General requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.1 Legal status ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

5.2 Legal and contractual matters ................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.3 Governance and management commitment ................................................................................................................. 7

5.4 Impartiality ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

5.5 Liability and financing ...................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6 Competencies ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.1 Management and personnel ........................................................................................................................................................ 9

6.2 Competencies of personnel .......................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.3 Deployment of personnel ...........................................................................................................................................................10

6.4 Use of contracted validators or verifiers .......................................................................................................................11

6.5 Personnel records..............................................................................................................................................................................12

6.6 Outsourcing.............................................................................................................................................................................................12

7 Communication and records .................................................................................................................................................................12

7.1 Information provided to a client or responsible party ......................................................................................12

7.2 Communication of responsibilities to a client or responsible party .....................................................13

7.3 Confidentiality ......................................................................................................................................................................................13

7.4 Publicly accessible information .............................................................................................................................................13

7.5 Records .......................................................................................................................................................................................................13

8 Validation or verification process ...................................................................................................................................................14

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................14

8.2 Pre-engagement ..................................................................................................................................................................................14

8.3 Approach ...................................................................................................................................................................................................14

8.4 Validation or verification ......... ....................................................................................................................................................15

8.5 Review and issuance of validation or verification statement ......................................................................15

8.6 Records .......................................................................................................................................................................................................15

8.7 Facts discovered after the validation or verification statement ................................................................16

9 Appeals ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................16

10 Complaints ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................16

11 Special validations or verifications ................................................................................................................................................17

12 Management system

......................................................................................................................................................................................17

Annex A (informative) Relationships between the application of ISO 14065 and ISO 14064-1,

ISO 14064-2, ISO 14064-3, and ISO 14066 .............................................................................................................................18

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
ISO 14065:2013(E)

Annex B (informative) Impartiality ....................................................................................................................................................................20

Annex C (informative) Comparison of validation and verification process requirements of

ISO 14065 and ISO 14064-3 ...................................................................................................................................................................24

Annex D (informative) Example of management system documentation ..................................................................26

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................27

iv © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
ISO 14065:2013(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International

Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting.

Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies

casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 14065 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207, Environmental management, Subcommittee

SC 7, Green house gas management and related activities.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 14065:2007), of which it constitutes a

minor revision.
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
ISO 14065:2013(E)
Introduction

Climate change has been identified as one of the greatest challenges facing nations, governments,

business, and citizens for the coming decades. Climate change has implications for both human and

natural systems and could lead to significant changes in resource use, production, and economic activity.

In response, international, regional, national, and local initiatives are being developed and implemented

to limit greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations in the Earth’s atmosphere. Such GHG initiatives rely on the

quantification, monitoring, reporting, and verification of GHG emissions and/or removals.

The overall aim of GHG validation or verification activities is to give confidence to all parties that rely upon

a GHG assertion. The party making the GHG assertion is responsible for conformity with requirements

of the relevant standard or GHG programme. The validation or verification body is responsible for

completing an objective assessment and providing a validation or verification statement concerning the

responsible party’s GHG assertion based on evidence. This International Standard provides requirements

for bodies that undertake GHG validation or verification using ISO 14064-3 or other relevant standards

or specifications. It contains a number of principles that these bodies should be able to demonstrate and

provides specific requirements that reflect these principles. General requirements relate to matters

such as legal and contractual arrangements, responsibilities, the management of impartiality, and

issues of liability and financing. Specific requirements include provisions related to structures, resource

requirements and competencies, information and records management, validation and verification

processes, appeals, complaints, and management systems.

This International Standard provides GHG programme administrators, regulators, and accreditors with

a basis for assessing and recognizing the competence of validation and verification bodies. It can also be

used in other ways, such as in peer assessment within groups of validation or of verification bodies or

between such groups.

Figure 1 and Annex A show relationships between the application of this International Standard and

ISO 14064-1, ISO 14064-2, ISO 14064-3, and ISO 14066.
vi © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
ISO 14065:2013(E)

Figure 1 — Framework for using ISO 14065 with ISO 14064-1, ISO 14064-2, ISO 14064-3, and

ISO 14066
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved vii
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SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
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SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 14065:2013(E)
Greenhouse gases — Requirements for greenhouse gas
validation and verification bodies for use in accreditation
or other forms of recognition
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies principles and requirements for bodies that undertake validation

or verification of greenhouse gas (GHG) assertions.

It is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, the requirements of that GHG programme

are additional to the requirements of this International Standard.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 14064-3:2006, Greenhouse gases — Part 3: Specification with guidance for the validation and

verification of greenhouse gas assertions
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1 Terms related to greenhouse gases
3.1.1
GHG

gaseous constituent of the atmosphere, both natural and anthropogenic, that absorbs and emits radiation

at specific wavelengths within the spectrum of infrared radiation emitted by the Earth’s surface, the

atmosphere, and clouds

Note 1 to entry: GHGs include carbon dioxide (CO ), methane (CH ), nitrous oxide (N O), hydrofluorocarbons

2 4 2
(HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF ).
[SOURCE: ISO 14064-3:2006, 2.1]
3.1.2
greenhouse gas assertion
factual and objective declaration made by the responsible party

Note 1 to entry: The GHG assertion could be presented at a point in time or could cover a period of time.

Note 2 to entry: The GHG assertion provided by the responsible party should be clearly identifiable and capable of

consistent evaluation or measurement against suitable criteria by a validator or verifier.

Note 3 to entry: The GHG assertion could be provided in the form of a GHG report, GHG project plan, or per unit of

product CO -e emission (carbon footprint of product) quantification.
[SOURCE: ISO 14064-3:2006, 2.11, modified]
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
ISO 14065:2013(E)
3.1.3
greenhouse gas consultancy services

provision of organization-specific or project-specific GHG quantification, GHG data monitoring or

recording, GHG information system or internal auditing services, or training that supports a GHG assertion

3.1.4
greenhouse gas information system

policies, processes, and procedures to establish, manage, and maintain GHG information

[SOURCE: ISO 14064-3:2006, 2.12]
3.1.5
greenhouse gas project

activity or activities that alter the conditions identified in the baseline scenario which cause GHG

emission reductions or removal enhancements
[SOURCE: ISO 14064-3:2006, 2.14]
3.1.6
greenhouse gas programme

voluntary or mandatory international, national, or sub-national system or scheme that registers,

accounts, or manages GHG emissions, removals, emission reductions, or removal enhancements outside

the organization or GHG project
[SOURCE: ISO 14064-3:2006, 2.16]
3.2 Terms related to people and organizations
3.2.1
client
organization or person requesting validation or verification

Note 1 to entry: The client could be the responsible party, the GHG programme administrator, or other stakeholder.

[SOURCE: ISO 14064-3:2006, 2.27]
3.2.2
intended user

individual or organization identified by those reporting GHG-related information as being the one who

relies on that information to make decisions

Note 1 to entry: The intended user could be the client, the responsible party, GHG programme administrators,

regulators, the financial community, or other affected stakeholders, such as local communities, government

departments, non-governmental organizations, or programme operators.
[SOURCE: ISO 14064-3:2006, 2.26]
3.2.3
organization

company, corporation, firm, enterprise, authority, or institution, or part or combination thereof, whether

incorporated or not, public or private, that has its own functions and administration

[SOURCE: ISO 14064-3:2006, 2.23]
3.2.4
personnel
persons working with or on behalf of the validation or verification body
2 © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14065:2013
ISO 14065:2013(E)
3.2.5
responsible party

person or persons responsible for the provision of the GHG assertion and the supporting GHG information

Note 1 to entry: The responsible party can be either individuals or representatives of an organization or project

and can be the party who engages the validator or verifier. The validator or verifier may be engaged by the client

or by other parties, such as the GHG programme administrator.
[SOURCE: ISO 14064-3:2006, 2.24]
3.2.6
technical expert

person who provides specific knowledge or expertise to the validation or verification team

Note 1 to entry: Specific knowledge or expertise is that which relates to the organization or project to be validated

or verified, or relevant language or culture.

Note 2 to entry: A technical expert does not act as a validator or verifier in the validation or verification team.

[SOURCE: ISO 19011:2011, 3.10, modified]
3.2.7
top management

person or group of people who directs and controls an organization at the highest level

[SOURCE: ISO 9000:2005, 3.2.7]
3.3 Terms related to validation and verification
3.3.1
validation

systematic, independent, and documented process for the evaluation of a greenhouse gas assertion (3.1.2)

in a GHG project plan against agreed criteria to determine if the project plan conforms to the agreed

criteria, and its implementation can be expected to result in the proposed GHG emission reductions and

removal enhancements as described in the project plan

Note 1 to entry: In some cases, such as in first-party validations, independence can be demonstrated by the

freedom from responsibility for the development of GHG data and information.

Note 2 to entry: The content of a GHG project plan is described in ISO 14064-2:2006, 5.2.

[SOURCE: ISO 14064-3:2006, 2.32, modified]
3.3.2
validator

competent and independent person or persons with responsibility for performing and reporting on the

results of a validation

Note 1 to entry: In the interests of clarity, it is not advisable to use the term “validator” to designate a validation

body (3.3.3).
[SOURCE: ISO 14064-3:2006, 2.35, modified]
3.3.3
validation body

body that performs validations of GHG assertions in accordance with ISO 14064-3 and this

International Standard
© ISO 2013 – All
...

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