Gully tops and manhole tops for vehicular and pedestrian areas - Part 1: Definitions, classification, general principles of design, performance requirements and test methods

This European Standard is applicable to manhole tops and gully tops with a clear opening up to and including 1 000 mm for covering gullies, manholes and inspection chambers installed in areas subjected to pedestrian and/or vehicular traffic. It specifies definitions, classification, general principles of design, performance requirements and test methods for gully tops and manhole tops according to:
-   EN 124 2, for gully tops and manhole tops made of cast iron;
-   EN 124 3, for gully tops and manhole tops made of steel or aluminium alloy;
-   EN 124 4, for gully tops and manhole tops made of steel reinforced concrete;
-   EN 124 5, for gully tops and manhole tops made of composite materials;
-   EN 124 6, for gully tops and manhole tops made of polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE) or unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U).
Part 1 is only applicable in combination with at least one of the standards EN 124 2, EN 124 3, EN 124 4, EN 124 5 and EN 124 6 each of which has this Part 1 as an integral part.
This European Standard is not applicable to:
-   gratings/covers as part of prefabricated drainage channels according to EN 1433,
-   floor and roof gullies in buildings which are specified in EN 1253 1,
-   surface boxes.

Aufsätze und Abdeckungen für Verkehrsflächen - Teil 1: Definitionen, Klassifizierung, allgemeine Baugrundsätze, Leistungsanforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Abdeckungen und Aufsätze mit einer lichten Weite bis einschließlich 1 000 mm zum Abdecken von Abläufen, Einsteig- und KontrollsSchächten und Inspektionsöffnungen in Flächen, die für Fußgänger- und/oder Fahrzeugverkehr bestimmt sind. Sie legt Definitionen, Klassifizierungen, allgemeine Baugrundsätze, Leistungsanforderungen sowie und Prüfverfahren fest für Aufsätze und Abdeckungen nach
-   FprEN 124-2 für Aufsätze und Abdeckungen aus Gusseisen,,
-   FprEN 124-3 für Aufsätze und Abdeckungen aus Stahl oder Aluminiumlegierungen,
-   FprEN 124-4 für Aufsätze und Abdeckungen aus stahlbewehrtem Beton,
-   FprEN 124-5 für Aufsätze und Abdeckungen aus Verbundwerkstoffen,
-   FprEN 124-6 für Aufsätze und Abdeckungen aus Polypropylen (PP), Polyethylen (PE) oder weichmacherfreiem Polyvinylchlorid (PVC-U).
-   fest.
Dieser Teil 1 gilt nur in Verbindung mit mindestens einemr der Teile Normen FprEN 124 2 to , FprEN 124 3, FprEN 124 4, FprEN 124 5 und FprEN 124 6, die sich jeweils auf diesen Teil 1 beziehen.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für:
-   Roste/Deckel als Teil von vorgefertigten Entwässerungsrinnen nach EN 1433;
-   Boden- Straßenkappen und Dachabläufe in für Gebäuden nach EN 1253 (alle Teile);
-   StraßenkappenBodenabläufe.

Dispositifs de couronnement et de fermeture pour les zones de circulation utilisées par les piétons et les véhicules - Partie 1 : Définitions, classification, principes généraux de conception, exigences de performances et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne est applicable aux dispositifs de fermeture et de couronnement avec une cote de passage inférieure ou égale à 1 000 mm pour la fermeture des ouvertures des avaloirs, des regards de visite et des boîtes d'inspection ou de branchement installés dans des zones soumises à la circulation des piétons et/ou de véhicules. Elle spécifie les définitions, la classification, les principes généraux de conception, les exigences de performances ainsi que les méthodes d’essai pour les dispositifs de couronnement et de fermeture conformes aux normes suivantes :
-   FprEN 124 2, pour les dispositifs de couronnement et de fermeture en fonte ;
-   FprEN 124 3, pour les dispositifs de couronnement et de fermeture en acier ou en alliage d'aluminium ;
-   FprEN 124 4, pour les dispositifs de couronnement et de fermeture en béton armé d’acier ;
-   FprEN 124 5, pour les dispositifs de couronnement et de fermeture en matériaux composites ;
-   FprEN 124 6, pour les dispositifs de couronnement et de fermeture en polypropylène (PP), en polyéthylène (PE) ou en polychlorure de vinyle (PVC-U) non plastifié.
La Partie 1 n'est pas applicable individuellement, mais uniquement en association avec au moins l'une des normes FprEN 124 2, FprEN 124 3, FprEN 124 4, FprEN 124 5 et FprEN 124 6 et la présente Partie 1 fait partie intégrante de chacune de ces normes.
La présente Norme européenne n'est pas applicable
-   aux grilles/tampons faisant partie des caniveaux hydrauliques préfabriqués conformes à l'EN 1433,
-   aux avaloirs de sol et de toiture dans les bâtiments qui sont spécifiés dans l'EN 1253 1,
-   ni aux bouches à clé.

Pokrovi za odtoke in jaške na voznih površinah in površinah za pešce - 1. del: Definicije, klasifikacija, splošna načela zasnove, zahtevane lastnosti in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard (EN 124-1) se uporablja za pokrove za jaške in odtoke s svetlo odprtino do vključno 1000 mm, ki so nameščeni na območjih s površino za pešce in/ali vozno površino. Uporablja se za preskusne lastnosti, preskusne metode, oceno skladnosti in označevanje pokrovov za odtoke in jaške za podporo: standardov EN 124-2 za pokrove za odtoke in jaške iz litega železa, EN 124-3 za pokrove za odtoke in jaške iz jekla ali aluminijeve zlitine, EN 124-4 za pokrove za odtoke in jaške iz armiranega betona, EN 124-5 za pokrove za odtoke in jaške iz kompozitnih materialov, EN 124-6 za pokrove za odtoke in jaške iz polipropilena (PP) ali polivinilklorida (PVC-U), pri čemer ima vsak navedeni standard 1. del za sestavni del. 1. del se ne uporablja samostojno, ampak samo v kombinaciji s standardi EN 124-2 do EN 124-6. Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za rešetke v okviru predizdelane padavinske kanalizacije v skladu s standardom EN 1433 ali za talne odtoke in strešne žlebove v stavbah, ki so navedeni v standardu EN 1253-1, ter za površinske škatle.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
09-Jun-2015
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Completion Date
11-Jun-2021

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.PHWRGHAufsätze und Abdeckungen für Verkehrsflächen - Teil 1: Definitionen, Klassifizierung, allgemeine Baugrundsätze, Leistungsanforderungen und PrüfverfahrenDispositifs de couronnement et de fermeture pour les zones de circulation utilisées par les piétons et les véhicules - Partie 1 : Définitions, classification, principes généraux de conception, exigences de performances et méthodes d'essaiGully tops and manhole tops for vehicular and pedestrian areas - Part 1: Definitions, classification, general principles of design, performance requirements and test methods93.080.30Cestna oprema in pomožne napraveRoad equipment and installationsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 124-1:2015SIST EN 124-1:2015en,fr,de01-september-2015SIST EN 124-1:2015SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 124:19961DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 124-1:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 124-1
June 2015 ICS 93.080.30 Supersedes EN 124:1994English Version

Gully tops and manhole tops for vehicular and pedestrian areas -Part 1: Definitions, classification, general principles of design, performance requirements and test methods

Dispositifs de couronnement et de fermeture pour les zones de circulation utilisées par les piétons et les véhicules - Partie 1 : Définitions, classification, principes généraux de conception, exigences de performances et méthodes d'essai

Aufsätze und Abdeckungen für Verkehrsflächen - Teil 1: Definitionen, Klassifizierung, allgemeine Baugrundsätze, Leistungsanforderungen und Prüfverfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on 12 March 2015.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 124-1:2015 ESIST EN 124-1:2015

EN 124-1:2015 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................6 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................6 3 Terms and definitions, symbols, units and abbreviated terms ........................................................7 3.1 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................7 3.2 Symbols and abbreviated terms ....................................................................................................... 11 4 Classification ....................................................................................................................................... 11 4.1 Basis of the classification .................................................................................................................. 11 4.2 Classification in the context of intended use .................................................................................. 11 5 Materials .............................................................................................................................................. 13 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 13 5.2 Cover fillings ....................................................................................................................................... 13 5.3 Frames in combination with concrete .............................................................................................. 13 6 Design requirements .......................................................................................................................... 13 6.1 Vents in covers ................................................................................................................................... 13 6.2 Clear opening of manhole tops for man entry ................................................................................. 14 6.3 Depth of insertion ............................................................................................................................... 14 6.4 Clearance ............................................................................................................................................. 14 6.5 Compatibility of seatings ................................................................................................................... 15 6.6 Securing of the cover/grating within the frame ............................................................................... 15 6.7 Handling of covers and gratings ....................................................................................................... 16 6.8 Slot dimensions of gratings .............................................................................................................. 16 6.9 Dirt pans and dirt buckets ................................................................................................................. 17 6.10 Positioning of covers and gratings................................................................................................... 18 6.11 Flatness of manhole covers and gratings ........................................................................................ 18 6.12 Concaveness of gratings ................................................................................................................... 18 6.13 Surface conditions.............................................................................................................................. 18 6.14 Manhole tops with sealing features .................................................................................................. 18 6.15 Frame bearing area ............................................................................................................................. 18 6.16 Frame depth ........................................................................................................................................ 18 6.17 Opening angle of hinged covers/gratings ........................................................................................ 19 6.18 Covers with fillings ............................................................................................................................. 19 7 Performance requirements ................................................................................................................ 19 7.1 Appearance ......................................................................................................................................... 19 7.2 Load bearing capacity ........................................................................................................................ 19 7.3 Permanent set ..................................................................................................................................... 19 7.4 Skid resistance .................................................................................................................................... 20 7.5 Child safety .......................................................................................................................................... 21 8 Testing ................................................................................................................................................. 22 8.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 22 8.2 Permanent set (see 7.3) ...................................................................................................................... 22 8.3 Load bearing capacity (see 7.2) ........................................................................................................ 22 8.4 Verification of design requirements ................................................................................................. 22 8.5 Child safety .......................................................................................................................................... 24 9 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) ............................................. 24 SIST EN 124-1:2015

EN 124-1:2015 (E) 3 Annex A (normative)

Permanent set test ....................................................................................................... 25 A.1 Test Samples ....................................................................................................................................... 25 A.2 Permanent set test load, (FP) .............................................................................................................. 25 A.3 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................. 25 A.4 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................. 26 Annex B (normative)

Test of load bearing capacity ...................................................................................... 29 B.1 Test samples ........................................................................................................................................ 29 B.2 Test load (FT) ........................................................................................................................................ 29 B.3 Test procedure ..................................................................................................................................... 29 B.4 Test report ............................................................................................................................................ 29 Annex C (normative)

Test to determine the unpolished skid resistance value (USRV) of manhole covers ................................................................................................................................................... 30 C.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 30 C.2 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................. 30 C.3 Calibration of pendulum friction test equipment ............................................................................. 30 C.4 Selection of test samples ................................................................................................................... 30 C.5 Test procedure ..................................................................................................................................... 30 Annex D (normative)

Tilt test ........................................................................................................................... 33 D.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 33 D.2 Test procedure ..................................................................................................................................... 33 Annex E (normative)

Testing of securing of covers/gratings within the frame ......................................... 36 E.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 36 E.2 Vertical pull-out test procedure ......................................................................................................... 37 Annex F (informative)

Recommendations for installation ............................................................................ 41 F.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 41 F.2 Place of installation and selection of appropriate manhole tops and gully tops ......................... 41 F.3 Preparations before installation ........................................................................................................ 41 F.4 Operative skill, training and installation equipment ........................................................................ 41 F.5 Bedding and packing materials ......................................................................................................... 42 F.6 Condition of supporting chamber ..................................................................................................... 42 F.7 Fixing of manhole tops or gully tops ................................................................................................ 42 F.8 Post installation check and cleaning ................................................................................................ 42 Annex G (informative)

Explanations on testing of manhole tops with multiple covers and testing the skid resistance .............................................................................................................................. 44 G.1 Explanation to A.4 ............................................................................................................................... 44 G.2 Explanation to 7.4.2 ............................................................................................................................. 44 Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 45

SIST EN 124-1:2015

EN 124-1:2015 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 124-1:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 165 “Wastewater engineering”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2015 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by March 2017. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Together with EN 124-2:2015, EN 124-3:2015, EN 124-4:2015, EN 124-5:2015 and EN 124-6:2015, this document supersedes EN 124:1994. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. EN 124, Gully tops and manhole tops for vehicular and pedestrian areas, consists of the following parts: — Part 1: Definitions, classification, general principles of design, performance requirements and test methods; — Part 2: Gully tops and manhole tops made of cast iron; — Part 3: Gully tops and manhole tops made of steel or aluminium alloys; — Part 4: Gully tops and manhole tops made of steel reinforced concrete; — Part 5: Gully tops and manhole tops made of composite materials; — Part 6: Gully tops and manhole tops made of polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE) or unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U). EN 124-1 is not a harmonized standard but a supporting standard for the harmonized standards EN 124-2, EN 124-3, EN 124-4, EN 124-5 and EN 124-6. The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below: a) the standard was split into 6 parts, where Part 1 contains general design and performance requirements and Parts 2 to 6 performance requirements for manhole tops and gully tops made of specific materials; b) definition for “securing feature” added; c) definition for “locking accessory” added; d) skid resistance test added; e) tilt test added; f) test of securing of covers/gratings within the frame added; g) evaluation of conformity changed to AVCP; h) recommendations for installation added. SIST EN 124-1:2015

EN 124-1:2015 (E) 5 According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 124-1:2015

EN 124-1:2015 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard is applicable to manhole tops and gully tops with a clear opening up to and including 1 000 mm for covering gullies, manholes and inspection chambers installed in areas subjected to pedestrian and/or vehicular traffic. It specifies definitions, classification, general principles of design, performance requirements and test methods for gully tops and manhole tops according to: — EN 124-2, for gully tops and manhole tops made of cast iron; — EN 124-3, for gully tops and manhole tops made of steel or aluminium alloys; — EN 124-4, for gully tops and manhole tops made of steel reinforced concrete; — EN 124-5, for gully tops and manhole tops made of composite materials; — EN 124-6, for gully tops and manhole tops made of polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE) or unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U). Part 1 is only applicable in combination with at least one of the standards EN 124-2, EN 124-3, EN 124-4, EN 124-5 and EN 124-6 each of which has this Part 1 as an integral part. This European Standard is not applicable to: — gratings/covers as part of prefabricated drainage channels according to EN 1433, — floor and roof gullies in buildings which are specified in EN 1253 (all parts), — surface boxes. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 124-2:2015, Gully tops and manhole tops for vehicular and pedestrian areas — Part 2: Gully tops and manhole tops made of cast iron EN 124-3:2015, Gully tops and manhole tops for vehicular and pedestrian areas — Part 3: Gully tops and manhole tops made of steel or aluminium alloys EN 124-4:2015, Gully tops and manhole tops for vehicular and pedestrian areas — Part 4: Gully tops and manhole tops made of steel reinforced concrete EN 124-5:2015, Gully tops and manhole tops for vehicular and pedestrian areas — Part 5: Gully tops and manhole tops made of composite materials EN 124-6:2015, Gully tops and manhole tops for vehicular and pedestrian areas — Part 6: Gully tops and manhole tops made of polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE) or unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U) EN 206:2013, Concrete — Specification, performance, production and conformity EN 13036-4, Road and airfield surface characteristics — Test methods — Part 4: Method for measurement of slip/skid resistance of a surface: The pendulum test SIST EN 124-1:2015

EN 124-1:2015 (E) 7 EN ISO 868, Plastics and ebonite — Determination of indentation hardness by means of a durometer (Shore hardness) (ISO 868) EN ISO 7500-1:2004, Metallic materials — Verification of static uniaxial testing machines — Part 1: Tension/compression testing machines — Verification and calibration of the force-measuring system (ISO 7500-1:2004) 3 Terms and definitions, symbols, units and abbreviated terms For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 Terms and definitions 3.1.1 manhole structure with a removable cover constructed on a drain or sewer to permit entry by personnel [SOURCE: EN 16323:2014, 2.2.4.15] 3.1.2 inspection chamber structure with a removable cover constructed on a drain or sewer that permits the introduction of cleaning and inspection equipment from surface level, but does not provide access for personnel [SOURCE: EN 16323:2014, 2.2.4.13] 3.1.3 gully assembly to receive water for discharge into a drainage system 3.1.4 gully top upper part of a gully consisting of a frame and grating with or without cover 3.1.5 manhole top upper part of a manhole or inspection chamber consisting of a frame and cover and/or grating 3.1.6 frame part of a gully top or manhole top which receives and supports a grating and/or a cover 3.1.7 frame depth distance between the top surface and the bottom surface of the frame 3.1.8 grating movable part(s) or opening within a manhole top or a gully top which permit(s) the passage of water through itself into the gully or manhole 3.1.9 cover movable part(s) of a manhole top or a gully top which covers the manhole or gully opening SIST EN 124-1:2015

EN 124-1:2015 (E) 8 3.1.10 element frame or cover or grating of a manhole top or gully top Note 1 to entry: Hinges, locking accessories and other accessories are not elements. 3.1.11 vent opening in the cover of a manhole top to provide ventilation 3.1.12 dirt bucket removable component of a gully top which collects debris 3.1.13 dirt pan removable component of manhole top which collects debris 3.1.14 seating surface on which the grating or the cover rests in the frame 3.1.15 depth of insertion A distance between the top of the frame and the bottom of the cover or grating adjacent to the seating Note 1 to entry: Examples are given in Figure 1. The depth of insertion is expressed in millimetres (mm).

a) Example 1: A for non-stepped covers/gratings
b) Example 2: A for stepped covers/gratings when b ≤ a

c) Example 3: A for stepped covers/gratings when b > a Figure 1 — Examples for determination of depth of insertion 3.1.16 total clearance

sum of the maximum individual clearances between adjacent elements of the frame and grating/cover Note 1 to entry: Examples are shown in Figure 2 a), Figure 2 b) and Figure 2 c). Note 2 to entry: The total clearance is expressed in millimetres (mm). SIST EN 124-1:2015

EN 124-1:2015 (E) 9
= al + ar a = al + ac1 + ac2 + ar
= al + ac + ar
a) Example 1 b) Example 2 c) Example 3 Key al
clearance left ac
clearance centre ar

clearance right Figure 2 — Examples for the determination of total clearance 3.1.17 frame bearing area Ab surface of the underside of a frame which rests upon the supporting structure Note 1 to entry: The bearing area is expressed in square millimetres (mm2). 3.1.18 clear opening CO diameter of the largest circle that can be inscribed in the clear area (3.1.19) of the frame Note 1 to entry: Examples are shown in Figures 3 a) to 3 f). Note 2 to entry: The clear opening is expressed in millimetres (mm).

a) Example 1
b) Example 2
c) Example 3
d) Example 4
1 fixed bars e) Example 5
f) Example 6 Figure 3 — Examples of clear opening SIST EN 124-1:2015

EN 124-1:2015 (E) 10 3.1.19 clear area CA unobstructed area between the seatings in the frame Note 1 to entry: Examples for unobstructed areas are shown as the shaded area in Figure 4 a) to Figure 4 c). In the case that the area of seatings in the frame is interrupted by functional areas, for example, areas for drainage of water, areas for holding dirt pans or means for access to manholes and spaces for hinges, locking and securing systems, these functional areas are not considered for the calculation of mass per unit area. If there are more possibilities the larger of the possible clear areas need to be used. Note 2 to entry: The clear area is expressed in square millimetres (mm2).

a) Example 1 b) Example 2 c) Example 3 Figure 4 — Examples of clear area 3.1.20 waterway area overall effective drainage inlet area on the top surface of gully tops and in kerb units Note1 to entry:

The waterway area is expressed in square millimetres (mm2). 3.1.21 securing feature feature which is integral with frame or cover(s)/gratings(s) or installed as part of the manufacturing process to safely retain cover(s)/gratings(s) in the frame under traffic conditions in the place of installation and to prevent inappropriate movement of the cover(s)/gratings(s) such as ejection and non-intended lifting EXAMPLE Screws, bolts, spring bars, etc. 3.1.22 mass per unit area total mass of the cover or the grating in kilograms divided by the clear area in square metres Note 1 to entry: The mass per unit area is expressed in kg/m2. 3.1.23 cushioning insert accessory provided within a frame, grating or cover to achieve stability and quietness in use 3.1.24 test load FT load applied to gully tops or manhole tops for testing the load bearing capacity Note 1 to entry: The test load is expressed in kilonewtons (kN). SIST EN 124-1:2015

EN 124-1:2015 (E) 11 3.1.25 permanent set load FP load applied to gully tops or manhole tops for testing the permanent set (FP = 2/3 FT) 3.1.26 deflection load FD load applied to gully tops or manhole tops for testing the deflection under load (FD = 1/3 FT) 3.1.27 pedestrian area area reserved for pedestrians and only occasionally open to vehicular traffic for delivery, cleaning purposes or in an emergency 3.1.28 pedestrian street

area where vehicular traffic is prohibited during certain periods (e.g. pedestrian areas during business hours and vehicular traffic outside these hours) 3.1.29 locking accessory added component to prevent unauthorised lifting, opening or removal of cover/grating 3.2 Symbols and abbreviated terms Pb

Frame bearing pressure USRV

unpolished skid resistance value 4 Classification 4.1 Basis of the classification Based on the test loads according to Table 4, gully tops or manhole tops shall be classified into one of the following classes: A 15, B 125, C 250, D 400, E 600 or F 900. 4.2 Classification in the context of intended use This clause provides the link of the classification and the place of installation. For different classes of manhole tops or gully tops provisions in the place of installation shall be taken into account. The appropriate class of a manhole top or a gully top to be used depends upon the place of installation. The various places of installation have been divided into groups numbered 1 to 6, as listed below. Figure 5 and Figure 6 show the location of some of these groups in a highway environment. The minimum class recommended for use in each group is shown in brackets. The selection of the appropriate class and the material is the responsibility of the specifier. Where there is any doubt, the stronger class should be selected. — Group 1 (at least class A 15): Areas which can only be used by pedestrians and pedal cyclists. — Group 2 (at least class B 125): Pedestrian areas and comparable areas, car parks or car parking decks. — Group 3 (at least class C 250): For gully tops, installed in the area of kerbside channels of roads (Figure 5) which, when measured from the kerb edge, extends a maximum of 0,5 m into the carriageway and a maximum of 0,2 m into the pedestrian area. SIST EN 124-1:2015

EN 124-1:2015 (E) 12 — Group 4 (at least class D 400): Carriageways of roads (including pedestrian streets), hard shoulders (Figure 6) and parking areas, for all types of road vehicles. — Group 5 (at least class E 600): Areas imposing high wheel loads, e.g. docks, aircraft pavements. — Group 6 (class F 900): Areas imposing particularly high wheel loads, e.g. aircraft pavements. NOTE 1 Compliance of the product with the respective part of EN 124 series does not replace the responsibility of the user to ensure that the gully top or the manhole top is correctly installed and its elements (frame and grating/cover) have the necessary performance values. For concave gratings the places of installation shall be limited to the following places of intended uses: — Groups 1, 2 and 3; — Group 4, for parking areas only.

Key 1 Group 1 2 Group 2 3 Group 3 4 Group 4 Figure 5 — Typical highway cross-section showing the location of the groups

Key 1 Group 1 4 Group 4 a carriage way b hard shoulder Figure 6 — Typical detail of a hard shoulder showing the location of the groups SIST EN 124-1:2015

EN 124-1:2015 (E) 13 NOTE 2 Recommendations for installation are given in Annex F. 5 Materials 5.1 General Materials used for manhole tops and gully tops shall meet the requirements specified in — EN 124-2, for gully tops and manhole tops made of cast iron, — EN 124-3, for gully tops and manhole tops made of steel or aluminium alloys, — EN 124-4, for gully tops and manhole to

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