This European Standard specifies the properties, performance and methods of test of the finished bitumen shingles prior to them being laid on the roof.
It also includes rules for marking, labelling and provides a clause for evaluation of conformity.
This European Standard does not include design requirements, installation techniques and roof system performance.
This European Standard applies to bitumen shingles where the watertightness of the system is ensured by overlapping, by different adhesive systems or a combination of these, according to manufacturer’s installation instructions, intended to be laid as covering for pitched roofs and/or wall cladding.
This European Standard applies only to bitumen shingles with a mineral reinforcement, synthetic reinforcement or a mixture of the two.
In case of multilayer shingles each layer need to have the same type of reinforcement and same type of coating (ref. to Clause 8).

Bitumenschindeln mit mineralhaltiger Einlage und/oder Kunststoffeinlage - Produktspezifikation und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Eigenschaften, Leistungsmerkmale und Prüfverfahren für fertige Bitumen-schindeln vor der Verlegung auf dem Dach fest.
Ferner enthält sie Regeln für die Kennzeichnung und die Beschriftung sowie einen Abschnitt zur Konformitäts-bewertung.
Diese Europäische Norm enthält weder Anforderungen an die Gestaltung noch Hinweise zu Verlegetechniken oder zur Leistung von Dachsystemen.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Bitumenschindeln, die dafür vorgesehen sind, als Eindeckung für geneigte Dächer und/oder als Außenwandverkleidungen eingesetzt zu werden. Die Wasserdichtheit des Systems wird entsprechend den Verlegeanweisungen des Herstellers durch die Überlappung, durch verschiedene Klebe-systeme oder durch eine Kombination daraus sichergestellt.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nur für Bitumenschindeln mit mineralhaltiger Einlage, Kunststoffeinlage oder einer Mischung aus beiden.
Im Falle von Schindeln mit mehrlagigem Aufbau muss jede Lage die gleiche Art von Einlage und die gleiche Art von Beschichtung aufweisen (siehe Abschnitt 8).

Bardeaux bitumés avec armature minérale et/ou synthétique - Spécifications des produits et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne établit les caractéristiques, les performances et les méthodes d'essai du produit fini (bardeaux bitumés) avant leur mise en oeuvre sur le toit. Elle inclut également les règles de marquage et d'étiquetage et prévoit un article traitant de l'évaluation de la conformité. La présente Norme européenne ne comprend pas les exigences de conception, les méthodes d'installation et les performances des toitures. La présente Norme européenne s'applique aux bardeaux bitumés dont l'étanchéité de la toiture est assurée par recouvrement, par différents systèmes adhésifs ou par une combinaison des deux, selon les instructions d'installation du fabricant, et qui sont destinés à être posés comme couverture de toitures en pente et/ou bardage. La présente Norme européenne s'applique uniquement aux bardeaux bitumés avec armature minérale, armature synthétique ou un mélange des deux. En cas de bardeaux multicouches, chaque couche doit avoir le même type d'armature et le même type de couverture (se reporter à l'Article 8).

Bitumenske skodle, ojačene z mineralnimi in/ali sintetičnimi materiali - Specifikacije in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard določa lastnosti, delovanje in metode za preskušanje gotovih bitumenskih skodel pred polaganjem na streho.
Vključuje tudi pravila za označevanje, etiketiranje in podaja točko za vrednotenje skladnosti.
Ta evropski standard ne vključuje zahtev za načrtovanje ter tehnik za vgradnjo in delovanje strešnih sistemov.
Ta evropski standard velja za bitumenske skodle, pri katerih se vodotesnost sistema zagotavlja s prekrivanjem, z različnimi adhezivnimi sistemi ali s kombinacijo navedenega, v skladu s proizvajalčevimi navodili za vgradnjo, in ki so namenjene prekrivanju dvokapnih streh in/ali oblaganju zidov.
Ta evropski standard velja le za bitumenske skodle z mineralno ojačitvijo, sintetično ojačitvijo ali mešanico navedenega.
Pri večplastnih skodlah morajo imeti vse plasti isto vrsto ojačitve in prevleke (sklic na točko 8).

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
28-Jun-2011
Current Stage
9092 - Decision on results of review/2YR ENQ - revise - Review Enquiry
Due Date
15-Dec-2016
Completion Date
16-Dec-2016

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 544:2011
01-oktober-2011
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 544:2006
%LWXPHQVNHVNRGOHRMDþHQH]PLQHUDOQLPLLQDOLVLQWHWLþQLPLPDWHULDOL
6SHFLILNDFLMHLQSUHVNXVQHPHWRGH

Bitumen shingles with mineral and/or synthetic reinforcements - Product specification

and test methods
Bitumenschindeln mit mineralhaltiger Einlage und/oder Kunststoffeinlage -
Produktspezifikation und Prüfverfahren
Bardeaux bitumés avec armature minérale et/ou synthétique - Spécifications des
produits et méthodes d'essai
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 544:2011
ICS:
91.060.20 Strehe Roofs
91.100.50 Veziva. Tesnilni materiali Binders. Sealing materials
SIST EN 544:2011 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 544:2011
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 544:2011
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 544
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
June 2011
ICS 91.100.50 Supersedes EN 544:2005
English Version
Bitumen shingles with mineral and/or synthetic reinforcements -
Product specification and test methods

Bardeaux bitumés avec armature minérale et/ou Bitumenschindeln mit mineralhaltiger Einlage und/oder

synthétique - Spécifications des produits et méthodes Kunststoffeinlage - Produktspezifikation und Prüfverfahren

d'essai
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 26 May 2011.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2011 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 544:2011: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 544:2011
EN 544:2011 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4

Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................5

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................6

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................6

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................7

4 Requirements .........................................................................................................................................9

4.1 Materials .................................................................................................................................................9

4.1.1 Mass of bitumen.....................................................................................................................................9

4.1.2 Upperside surfacing ..............................................................................................................................9

4.1.3 Underside surfacing ..............................................................................................................................9

4.2 Geometrical properties ...................................................................................................................... 10

4.2.1 Shapes ................................................................................................................................................. 10

4.2.2 Surface of overlapping ....................................................................................................................... 10

4.3 Mechanical properties ........................................................................................................................ 10

4.3.1 Tensile strength .................................................................................................................................. 10

4.3.2 Nail shank tear resistance ................................................................................................................. 10

4.4 Durability ............................................................................................................................................. 10

4.4.1 Water absorption ................................................................................................................................ 10

4.4.2 Resistance to UV radiation ................................................................................................................ 10

4.4.3 Resistance to blistering ..................................................................................................................... 11

4.4.4 Flow resistance at elevated temperature ......................................................................................... 11

4.4.5 Adhesion of mineral granules or flakes of slate .............................................................................. 11

4.4.6 Resistance to peeling for metal-surfaced shingles ......................................................................... 11

4.5 Fire performance................................................................................................................................. 11

4.5.1 Reaction to fire .................................................................................................................................... 11

4.5.2 External fire performance .................................................................................................................. 11

5 Sampling .............................................................................................................................................. 12

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.1.1 Cutting of test pieces ......................................................................................................................... 12

5.1.2 Marking of test pieces ........................................................................................................................ 12

5.2 Mass of bitumen.................................................................................................................................. 12

5.3 Geometrical tests ................................................................................................................................ 12

5.3.1 Shapes ................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.3.2 Surface of overlapping of multilayer shingles ................................................................................. 12

5.4 Tensile strength .................................................................................................................................. 12

5.5 Nail shank tear resistance ................................................................................................................. 13

5.6 Water absorption ................................................................................................................................ 15

5.7 Resistance to UV radiation ................................................................................................................ 15

5.8 Blistering ............................................................................................................................................. 15

5.9 Flow resistance at elevated temperature ......................................................................................... 15

5.10 Adhesion of mineral granules and flakes of slate ........................................................................... 15

5.11 Peeling for metal foil .......................................................................................................................... 15

5.12 Fire performance................................................................................................................................. 15

5.12.1 Reaction to fire .................................................................................................................................... 15

5.12.2 External fire performance .................................................................................................................. 15

6 Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 15

6.1 Sampling .............................................................................................................................................. 15

6.2 Mass of bitumen.................................................................................................................................. 16

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SIST EN 544:2011
EN 544:2011 (E)

6.2.1 Test conditions .................................................................................................................................... 16

6.2.2 Equipment ............................................................................................................................................ 16

6.2.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................. 16

6.2.4 Expression of results .......................................................................................................................... 16

6.3 Geometrical properties ....................................................................................................................... 16

6.3.1 Equipment ............................................................................................................................................ 16

6.3.2 Check on widths .................................................................................................................................. 17

6.3.3 Check on heights ................................................................................................................................. 17

6.3.4 Surface of multilayer overlapping ..................................................................................................... 18

6.4 Mechanical properties ......................................................................................................................... 18

6.4.1 Tensile strength ................................................................................................................................... 18

6.4.2 Nail shank tear resistance .................................................................................................................. 18

6.4.3 Water absorption ................................................................................................................................. 19

6.4.4 Resistance to UV radiation ................................................................................................................. 19

6.4.5 Resistance to blistering ...................................................................................................................... 19

6.4.6 Flow resistance at elevated temperature .......................................................................................... 20

6.4.7 Adhesion of mineral granules and flakes of slate ........................................................................... 20

6.4.8 Resistance to peeling metal foil ......................................................................................................... 20

6.5 Fire performance ................................................................................................................................. 21

6.5.1 Reaction to fire .................................................................................................................................... 21

6.5.2 External fire performance ................................................................................................................... 21

7 Evaluation of conformity .................................................................................................................... 21

7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 21

7.2 Initial type testing (ITT) ....................................................................................................................... 21

7.3 Factory Production Control (FPC) ..................................................................................................... 22

7.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 22

7.3.2 Equipment ............................................................................................................................................ 22

7.3.3 Raw materials and components ........................................................................................................ 22

7.3.4 Non-conforming products .................................................................................................................. 22

7.3.5 Frequency of testing ........................................................................................................................... 22

7.3.6 Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 22

8 Designation and marking.................................................................................................................... 22

8.1 Designation .......................................................................................................................................... 22

8.2 Marking ................................................................................................................................................. 23

Annex A (normative) Frequencies of testing for factory production control ............................................ 25

Annex B (informative) Example of a product data sheet ............................................................................ 26

B.1 General information ............................................................................................................................ 26

B.2 Properties ............................................................................................................................................. 27

Annex C (informative) Significant technical changes between this European Standard and the

previous edition ................................................................................................................................... 28

Annex ZA (informative) Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions of the EU

Construction Products Directive (89/106/EEC) ................................................................................ 29

ZA.1 Scope and relevant clauses ............................................................................................................... 29

ZA.2 Procedure for the attestation of conformity of bitumen shingles .................................................. 32

ZA.2.1 Systems of attestation of conformity ................................................................................................ 32

ZA.2.2 EC Declaration of conformity ............................................................................................................. 34

ZA.3 CE marking ........................................................................................................................................... 34

Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 37

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 544:2011
EN 544:2011 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 544:2011) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 128 “Roof covering

products for discontinuous laying and products for wall cladding”, the secretariat of which is held by NBN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2011, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn

at the latest by March 2013.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 544:2005.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s) 89/106/EEC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

Annex C provides details of significant technical changes between this European Standard and the previous

edition.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 544:2011
EN 544:2011 (E)
Introduction

The performance of a roof covering manufactured from these products depends not only on the properties of

the product as specified in this European Standard, but also on the design, application and performance of the

roof considered as a whole, in conjunction with the environment and conditions of use.

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 544:2011
EN 544:2011 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies the properties, performance and methods of test of the finished bitumen

shingles prior to them being laid on the roof.

It also includes rules for marking, labelling and provides a clause for evaluation of conformity.

This European Standard does not include design requirements, installation techniques and roof system

performance.

This European Standard applies to bitumen shingles where the watertightness of the system is ensured by

overlapping, by different adhesive systems or a combination of these, according to manufacturer’s installation

instructions, intended to be laid as covering for pitched roofs and/or wall cladding.

This European Standard applies only to bitumen shingles with a mineral reinforcement, synthetic

reinforcement or a mixture of the two.

In case of multilayer shingles each layer need to have the same type of reinforcement and same type of

coating (ref. to Clause 8).
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 1110, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Bitumen sheets for roof waterproofing — Determination of flow

resistance at elevated temperature
ENV 1187, Test methods for external fire exposure to roofs

EN 1297, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Bitumen, plastic and rubber sheets for roof waterproofing —

Method of artificial ageing by long term exposure to the combination of UV radiation, elevated temperature

and water

EN 12039, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Bitumen sheets for roof waterproofing — Determination of

adhesion of granules

EN 12310-1, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Part 1: Bitumen sheets for waterproofing — Determination of

resistance to tearing (nail shank)

EN 12311-1, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Part 1: Bitumen sheets for roof waterproofing —

Determination of tensile properties

EN 13501-1, Fire classification of construction products and building elements — Part 1: Classification using

data from reaction to fire tests

EN 13501-5, Fire classification of construction products and building elements — Part 5: Classification using

data from external fire exposure to roofs tests
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 544:2011
EN 544:2011 (E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
shingle

reinforced flat bitumen material, of a global rectangular shape, of width W and height H, having or not bitumen

adhesive points or areas
NOTE 1 This material can have a solid part and several tabs.

NOTE 2 These tabs can be rectangular and separated by slits of height h1 (see Figure 1).

NOTE 3 This material can be composed out of one layer (monolayer shingle) or several layer (multilayer or laminated

shingles).

NOTE 4 In case of multilayer shingles, the layers are bonded by an adhesive and the overlapping of the lower layer by

the upper layer in the visible part will amount to a minimum of 40 %.
a) example of monolayer shingle
b) example of monolayer shingle
c) example of monolayer shingle
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 544:2011
EN 544:2011 (E)
d) Example of multilayer shingle
Key
H height
W width
h height of slits
Figure 1 — Different shapes of shingles
3.2
tab

part of the flat material separated by slits and intended to be visible on the roof

3.3
slit
gap separating the tabs
3.4
reinforcement

substance incorporated into the bitumen material ensuring its dimensional stability and mechanical resistance

3.5
impregnation
saturation of the reinforcement by bitumen
3.6
mass of bitumen

bitumen or modified bitumen (in general all material soluble in the test described in 6.2) used for impregnation,

coating and adhesive if any
3.7
upperside surfacing

factory-applied protection of the face of the material exposed to the weather provided by, for example, mineral

granules, flakes of slate or a metal foil
3.8
underside surfacing

factory-applied protection of the concealed underside of the material, either continuous or discontinuous, by

means of sand, talc, paper, plastic film or any other material
3.9 Adhesive system
3.9.1
adhesive point; strip

point, or continuous or discontinuous strip, intended to ensure the adhesion of the tabs after installation on the

roof
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 544:2011
EN 544:2011 (E)
3.9.2
self adhesive area

self-adhesive area intended to ensure adhesion of the tabs to the lower course of shingles to contribute to

water tightness
3.10
protection strip

plastic film or non-adhesive paper intended to prevent the self-adhesive points or areas from sticking prior to

being laid on the roof
3.11
guiding tab or cuts

small extension/indentations or cuts at the edge of the shingle to allow for proper alignment during application

3.12
blister

elevation of the surface of varied contour and dimensions, with a cavity beneath it

3.13
production batch

amount of product manufactured to the same specification within a maximum period of 24 h for each

production line
3.14
(MLV) manufacturer's limiting value
value stated by the manufacturer to be met during testing

NOTE The manufacturer’s limiting value can be a minimum or a maximum value according to statements made

under product characteristics of this European Standard.
4 Requirements
4.1 Materials
4.1.1 Mass of bitumen

When measured according to 6.2, the minimum mass of bitumen shall be 1 300 g/m , in case of monolayer

shingle and 1 500 g/m² in case of multilayer shingle.
4.1.2 Upperside surfacing

The upperside surfacing shall be continuous, adhered to the bitumen and shall not reveal any bitumen which

might spoil the appearance and durability of the product.
This upperside surfacing shall protect the bitumen from UV radiation.
4.1.3 Underside surfacing

Underside surfacing shall be such that the shingles may be removed individually from their packaging without

being damaged.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 544:2011
EN 544:2011 (E)
4.2 Geometrical properties
4.2.1 Shapes

The overall dimensions ignoring any guiding tabs and indents, when measured according to 6.3, shall be as

follows:
 Width W : maximum 1 200 mm;
 Height H : minimum 250 mm.

The tolerances on dimensions W and H (see Figure 1) declared by the manufacturers, measured in

accordance with 6.3.2 and 6.3.3, shall be:
 ± 3 mm on width W;
 ± 3 mm on height H.
4.2.2 Surface of overlapping

The minimum surface of overlapping of multilayer shingles in the visible part should be 40 %.

4.3 Mechanical properties
4.3.1 Tensile strength

Measured under the test conditions described in 6.4.1, the minimum tensile strength shall be as shown in

Table 1.
Table 1 — Minimum tensile strength
In the direction of the shingle width or
600 N / 50 mm
direction of fabrication
In the direction of the shingle height or
400 N / 50 mm
perpendicular to the direction of fabrication
4.3.2 Nail shank tear resistance

Measured under the test conditions described in 6.4.2, the minimum value of the tear resistance shall be

100 N.
This requirement only applies to materials intended to be nailed.
4.4 Durability
4.4.1 Water absorption

Measured under the test conditions described in 6.4.3, the increase in mass shall be less than 2 % for each

test piece.
4.4.2 Resistance to UV radiation

Measured under the test conditions described in 6.4.4, there shall be no cracking or fissuring.

---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 544:2011
EN 544:2011 (E)
4.4.3 Resistance to blistering

Resistance to blistering test is only relevant for shingles with other reinforcement than type 3, type 4, type 6 or

type 7 (see 8.1).

Measured under the test conditions described in 6.4.5, there shall not be any blisters on the shingle surface.

4.4.4 Flow resistance at elevated temperature

Measured under the test conditions described in 6.4.6, the flow resistance shall be less than or equal to 2 mm

for each test piece.
4.4.5 Adhesion of mineral granules or flakes of slate

Where the top surface of the shingle is protected with embedded mineral granules, the granule adhesion shall

be determined in accordance with 6.4.7.

Each value shall be below the manufacturer’s limited value (maximum value) and shall not exceed 2,5 g.

4.4.6 Resistance to peeling for metal-surfaced shingles

Measured under the test conditions described in 6.4.8, the resistance shall be at least 0,2 N/mm for each test

piece.
4.5 Fire performance
4.5.1 Reaction to fire

This characteristic shall be declared when subject to regulatory requirements, and may be declared otherwise.

When required, the reaction to fire shall be evaluated according to 6.5.1.
Reaction to fire shall be declared as either:
a) classification after testing in accordance with EN 13501-1;
b) Class F where the intended end use is not subject to regulatory requirements.

When results from EN 13501-1 are declared, the system for which the results apply shall be described in full.

4.5.2 External fire performance

This characteristic shall be declared when subject to regulatory requirements, and may be declared otherwise.

When required, the external fire performance shall be evaluated according to 6.5.2.

External fire shall be declared as either:

a) after testing in accordance with ENV 1187, the classification in accordance with EN 13501-5;

b) deemed to satisfy without testing;
c) Class F where the intended end use is not subject to regulatory requirements.
ROOF

When results from ENV 1187 are declared, the system for which the results apply shall be described in full as

shall the test method (or methods) applied. When declaring deemed to satisfy, the specification of the system

for which this
...

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Bitumenschindeln mit mineralhaltiger Einlage und/oder Kunststoffeinlage - Produktspezifikation und PrüfverfahrenBardeaux bitumés avec armature minérale et/ou synthétique - Spécifications des produits et méthodes d'essaiBitumen shingles with mineral and/or synthetic reinforcements - Product specification and test methods91.100.50Veziva. Tesnilni materialiBinders. Sealing materialsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:FprEN 544kSIST FprEN 544:2011en,fr,de01-april-2011kSIST FprEN 544:2011SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
kSIST FprEN 544:2011
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
FINAL DRAFT
FprEN 544
November 2010 ICS 91.100.50 Will supersede EN 544:2005English Version

Bitumen shingles with mineral and/or synthetic reinforcements - Product specification and test methods

Bardeaux bitumés avec armature minérale et/ou synthétique - Spécifications des produits et méthodes d'essai

Bitumenschindeln mit mineralhaltiger Einlage und/oder Kunststoffeinlage - Produktspezifikation und PrüfverfahrenThis draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for unique acceptance procedure. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 128.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2010 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. FprEN 544:2010: EkSIST FprEN 544:2011

FprEN 544:2010 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................51Scope ......................................................................................................................................................62Normative references ............................................................................................................................63Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................74Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 104.1Materials .............................................................................................................................................. 104.1.1Mass of bitumen.................................................................................................................................. 104.1.2Upperside surfacing ........................................................................................................................... 104.1.3Underside surfacing ........................................................................................................................... 104.2Geometrical properties ...................................................................................................................... 104.2.1Shapes ................................................................................................................................................. 104.2.2Surface of overlapping ....................................................................................................................... 104.3Mechanical properties ........................................................................................................................ 104.3.1Tensile strength .................................................................................................................................. 104.3.2Nail shank tear resistance ................................................................................................................. 114.4Durability ............................................................................................................................................. 114.4.1Water absorption ................................................................................................................................ 114.4.2Resistance to UV radiation ................................................................................................................ 114.4.3Resistance to blistering ..................................................................................................................... 114.4.4Flow resistance at elevated temperature ......................................................................................... 114.4.5Adhesion of mineral granules or flakes of slate .............................................................................. 114.4.6Resistance to peeling for metal-surfaced shingles ......................................................................... 114.5Fire performance................................................................................................................................. 124.5.1Reaction to fire .................................................................................................................................... 124.5.2External fire performance .................................................................................................................. 125Sampling .............................................................................................................................................. 125.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 125.1.1Cutting of test pieces ......................................................................................................................... 125.1.2Marking of test pieces ........................................................................................................................ 125.2Mass of bitumen.................................................................................................................................. 135.3Geometrical tests ................................................................................................................................ 135.3.1Shapes ................................................................................................................................................. 13Surface of overlapping of multilayer shingles ................................................................................. 135.3.2 135.4Tensile strength .................................................................................................................................. 135.5Nail shank tear resistance ................................................................................................................. 135.6Water absorption ................................................................................................................................ 155.7Resistance to UV radiation ................................................................................................................ 155.8Blistering ............................................................................................................................................. 155.9Flow resistance at elevated temperature ......................................................................................... 155.10Adhesion of mineral granules and flakes of slate ........................................................................... 155.11Peeling for metal foil .......................................................................................................................... 165.12Fire performance................................................................................................................................. 165.12.1Reaction to fire .................................................................................................................................... 165.12.2External fire performance .................................................................................................................. 166Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 166.1Sampling .............................................................................................................................................. 16kSIST FprEN 544:2011

FprEN 544:2010 (E) 3 6.2Mass of bitumen .................................................................................................................................. 166.2.1Test conditions .................................................................................................................................... 166.2.2Equipment ............................................................................................................................................ 166.2.3Procedure ............................................................................................................................................. 166.2.4Expression of results .......................................................................................................................... 176.3Geometrical properties ....................................................................................................................... 176.3.1Equipment ............................................................................................................................................ 176.3.2Check on widths .................................................................................................................................. 176.3.3Check on heights ................................................................................................................................. 186.3.4Surface of multilayer overlapping ..................................................................................................... 186.4Mechanical properties ......................................................................................................................... 196.4.1Tensile strength ................................................................................................................................... 196.4.2Nail shank tear resistance .................................................................................................................. 196.4.3Water absorption ................................................................................................................................. 196.4.4Resistance to UV radiation ................................................................................................................. 206.4.5Resistance to blistering ...................................................................................................................... 206.4.6Flow resistance at elevated temperature .......................................................................................... 206.4.7Adhesion of mineral granules and flakes of slate ........................................................................... 216.4.8Resistance to peeling metal foil ......................................................................................................... 216.5Fire performance ................................................................................................................................. 216.5.1Reaction to fire .................................................................................................................................... 216.5.2External fire performance ................................................................................................................... 217Evaluation of conformity .................................................................................................................... 227.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 227.2Initial type testing (ITT) ....................................................................................................................... 227.3Factory Production Control (FPC) ..................................................................................................... 227.3.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 227.3.2Equipment ............................................................................................................................................ 227.3.3Raw materials and components ........................................................................................................ 227.3.4Non-conforming products .................................................................................................................. 237.3.5Frequency of testing ........................................................................................................................... 237.3.6Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 238Designation and marking.................................................................................................................... 238.1Designation .......................................................................................................................................... 238.2Marking ................................................................................................................................................. 24Annex A (normative)

Frequencies of testing for factory production control ............................................. 25Annex B (informative)

Example of a product data sheet .............................................................................. 26B.1General information ............................................................................................................................ 26B.2Properties ............................................................................................................................................. 27Annex C (informative)

Significant technical changes between this European Standard and the previous edition ................................................................................................................................... 28Annex ZA (informative)

Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions of the EU Construction Products Directive (89/106/EEC) ................................................................................ 29ZA.1Scope and relevant clauses ............................................................................................................... 29ZA.2Procedure for the attestation of conformity of bitumen shingles .................................................. 32ZA.2.1Systems of attestation of conformity ................................................................................................ 32ZA.2.2EC Declaration of conformity ............................................................................................................. 34ZA.3CE marking ........................................................................................................................................... 35Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 37 kSIST FprEN 544:2011

FprEN 544:2010 (E) 4 Foreword This document (FprEN 544:2010) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 128 “Roof covering products for discontinuous laying and products for wall cladding”, the secretariat of which is held by NBN. This document is currently submitted to the Unique Acceptance Procedure. This document will supersede EN 544:2005. This document as been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this European Standard. Annex C provides details of significant technical changes between this European Standard and the previous edition. kSIST FprEN 544:2011

FprEN 544:2010 (E) 5 Introduction The performance of a roof covering manufactured from these products depends not only on the properties of the product as specified in this European Standard, but also on the design, application and performance of the roof considered as a whole, in conjunction with the environment and conditions of use. kSIST FprEN 544:2011

FprEN 544:2010 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the properties, performance and methods of test of the finished bitumen shingles prior to them being laid on the roof. It also includes rules for marking, labelling and provides a clause for evaluation of conformity. This European Standard does not include design requirements, installation techniques and roof system performance. This European Standard applies to bitumen shingles where the watertightness of the system is ensured by overlapping, by different adhesive systems or a combination of these, according to manufacturer’s installation instructions, intended to be laid as covering for pitched roofs and/or wall cladding. This European Standard applies only to bitumen shingles with a mineral reinforcement, synthetic reinforcement or a mixture of the two. In case of multilayer shingles each layer need to have the same type of reinforcement and same type of coating (ref. to Clause 8). 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 1110, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Bitumen sheets for roof waterproofing — Determination of flow resistance at elevated temperature ENV 1187, Test methods for external fire exposure to roofs EN 1297, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Bitumen, plastic and rubber sheets for roof waterproofing — Method of artificial ageing by long term exposure to the combination of UV radiation, elevated temperature and water EN 12039, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Bitumen sheets for roof waterproofing — Determination of adhesion of granules EN 12310-1, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Part 1: Bitumen sheets for waterproofing — Determination of resistance to tearing (nail shank) EN 12311-1, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Part 1: Bitumen sheets for roof waterproofing — Determination of tensile properties EN 13501-1, Fire classification of construction products and building elements — Part 1: Classification using test data from reaction to fire tests EN 13501-5, Fire classification of construction products and building elements — Part 5: Classification using data from external fire exposure to roof tests kSIST FprEN 544:2011

FprEN 544:2010 (E) 7 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 shingle reinforced flat bitumen material, of a global rectangular shape, of width W and height H, having or not bitumen adhesive points or areas NOTE 1 This material can have a solid part and several tabs. NOTE 2 These tabs can be rectangular and separated by slits of height h1 (see Figure 1). NOTE 3 This material can be composed out of one layer (monolayer shingle) or several layer (multilayer or laminated shingles). NOTE 4 In case of multilayer shingles, the layers are bonded by an adhesive and the overlapping of the lower layer by the upper layer in the visible part will amount to a minimum of 40 %.

a) example of monolayer shingle
b) example of monolayer shingle kSIST FprEN 544:2011
FprEN 544:2010 (E) 8
c) example of monolayer shingle
d) example of multilayer shingle

Key H height W width h1 height of slits Figure 1 — Different shapes of shingles 3.2 tab part of the flat material separated by slits and intended to be visible on the roof 3.3 slit gap separating the tabs 3.4 reinforcement substance incorporated into the bitumen material ensuring its dimensional stability and mechanical resistance 3.5 impregnation saturation of the reinforcement by bitumen kSIST FprEN 544:2011

FprEN 544:2010 (E) 9 3.6 mass of bitumen bitumen or modified bitumen (in general all material soluble in the test described in 6.2) used for impregnation, coating and adhesive if any 3.7 upperside surfacing factory-applied protection of the face of the material exposed to the weather provided by, for example, mineral granules, flakes of slate or a metal foil 3.8 underside surfacing factory-applied protection of the concealed underside of the material, either continuous or discontinuous, by means of sand, talc, paper, plastic film or any other material 3.9 Adhesive system 3.9.1 adhesive point; strip point, or continuous or discontinuous strip, intended to ensure the adhesion of the tabs after installation on the roof 3.9.2 self adhesive area self-adhesive area intended to ensure adhesion of the tabs to the lower course of shingles to contribute to water tightness 3.10 protection strip plastic film or non-adhesive paper intended to prevent the self-adhesive points or areas from sticking prior to being laid on the roof 3.11 guiding tab or cuts small extension/indentations or cuts at the edge of the shingle to allow for proper alignment during application 3.12 blister elevation of the surface of varied contour and dimensions, with a cavity beneath it 3.13 production batch amount of product manufactured to the same specification within a maximum period of 24 h for each production line 3.14 manufacturer's limiting value (MLV) value stated by the manufacturer to be met during testing NOTE The manufacturer’s limiting value can be a minimum or a maximum value according to statements made under product characteristics of this European Standard. kSIST FprEN 544:2011

FprEN 544:2010 (E) 10 4 Requirements 4.1 Materials 4.1.1 Mass of bitumen When measured according to 6.2, the minimum mass of bitumen shall be 1 300 g/m2, in case of monolayer shingle and 1 500 g/m² in case of multilayer shingle. 4.1.2 Upperside surfacing The upperside surfacing shall be continuous, adhered to the bitumen and shall not reveal any bitumen which might spoil the appearance and durability of the product. This upperside surfacing shall protect the bitumen from UV radiation. 4.1.3 Underside surfacing Underside surfacing shall be such that the shingles may be removed individually from their packaging without being damaged. 4.2 Geometrical properties 4.2.1 Shapes The overall dimensions ignoring any guiding tabs and indents, when measured according to 6.3, shall be as follows:  Width W

: maximum 1 200 mm;  Height H

: minimum 250 mm. The tolerances on dimensions W and H (see Figure 1) declared by the manufacturers, measured in accordance with 6.3.2 and 6.3.3, shall be:  ± 3 mm on width W;  ± 3 mm on height H. 4.2.2 Surface of overlapping The minimum surface of overlapping of multilayer shingles in the visible part should be 40 %. 4.3 Mechanical properties 4.3.1 Tensile strength Measured under the test conditions described in 6.4.1, the minimum tensile strength shall be as shown in Table 1. kSIST FprEN 544:2011

FprEN 544:2010 (E) 11 Table 1 — Minimum tensile strength In the direction of the shingle width or direction of fabrication 600 N / 50 mm In the direction of the shingle height or perpendicular to the direction of fabrication 400 N / 50 mm

4.3.2 Nail shank tear resistance Measured under the test conditions described in 6.4.2, the minimum value of the tear resistance shall be 100 N. This requirement only applies to materials intended to be nailed. 4.4 Durability 4.4.1 Water absorption Measured under the test conditions described in 6.4.3, the increase in mass shall be less than 2 % for each test piece. 4.4.2 Resistance to UV radiation Measured under the test conditions described in 6.4.4, there shall be no cracking or fissuring. 4.4.3 Resistance to blistering Resistance to blistering test is only relevant for shingles with other reinforcement than type 3, type 4, type 6 or type 7 (see 8.1). Measured under the test conditions described in 6.4.5, there shall not be any blisters on the shingle surface. 4.4.4 Flow resistance at elevated temperature Measured under the test conditions described in 6.4.6, the flow resistance shall be less than or equal to 2 mm for each test piece. 4.4.5 Adhesion of mineral granules or flakes of slate Where the top surface of the shingle is protected with embedded mineral granules, the granule adhesion shall be determined in accordance with 6.4.7. Each value shall be below the manufacturer’s limited value (maximum value) and shall not exceed 2,5 g. 4.4.6 Resistance to peeling for metal-surfaced shingles Measured under the test conditions described in 6.4.8, the resistance shall be at least 0,2 N/mm for each test piece. kSIST FprEN 544:2011

FprEN 544:2010 (E) 12 4.5 Fire performance 4.5.1 Reaction to fire This characteristic shall be declared when subject to regulatory requirements, and may be declared otherwise. When required, the reaction to fire shall be evaluated according to 6.5.1. Reaction to fire shall be declared as either: a) classification after testing in accordance with EN 13501-1, b) Class F where the intended end use is not subject to regulatory requirements. When results from EN 13501-1 are declared, the system for which the results apply shall be described in full. 4.5.2 External fire performance This characteristic shall be declared when subject to regulatory requirements, and may be declared otherwise. When required, the external fire performance shall be evaluated according to 6.5.2. External fire shall be declared as either: a) after testing in accordance with ENV 1187, the classification in accordance with EN 13501-5; b) deemed to satisfy without testing; c) Class FROOF where the intended end use is not subject to regulatory requirements. When results from ENV 1187 are declared, the system for which the results apply shall be described in full as shall the test method (or methods) applied. When declaring deemed to satisfy, the specification of the system for which this applies (i.e. minimum thickness of gravel coverings) shall be stated. 5 Sampling 5.1 General 5.1.1 Cutting of test pieces The test pieces shall be taken from different shingles chosen at random. Test pieces are cut using a cutting tool or hollow punch, as far as possible excluding hand-held scissors, avoiding, for some particular tests, self-adhesive areas with their protective film or paper. 5.1.2 Marking of test pieces Every test piece shall have on its underside:  reference identifying the batch from which the test sample was taken;  where appropriate, a reference identifying the direction of cutting, if this is specified in the procedures described below. kSIST FprEN 544:2011

FprEN 544:2010 (E) 13 5.2 Mass of bitumen For the measurement of the mass of the bitumen, three test pieces of (100 × 100) mm² shall be cut from different shingles. The test pieces shall be cut from the exposed area with adhesive system if any. In case of multilayer shingles, two test pieces shall be taken one from the monolayer part and one from the multilayer part of the shingles. 5.3 Geometrical tests 5.3.1 Shapes For the measurement of length and width five different shingles chosen at random shall be taken. 5.3.2 Surface of overlapping of multilayer shingles To measure the minimum surface of overlapping, take three different shingles chosen at random. 5.4 Tensile strength For the measurement of the tensile strength, cut two series of test pieces from different shingles:  five in the direction of width,  five in the direction of height. These test pieces shall have dimensions 50 mm × minimum 250 mm.

Figure 2 — Multilayer shingle 5.5 Nail shank tear resistance The nail shank tear resistance shall be determined in accordance with EN 12310-1 parallel to the shingle height. kSIST FprEN 544:2011

FprEN 544:2010 (E) 14 For the measurement of nail shank tear resistance, cut five test piece

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