Gymnastic equipment - General safety requirements and test methods

This document specifies general safety requirements and test methods for all pieces of gymnastic and sports equipment and for all pieces of equipment for the use of physical education, training and competition, intended for use supervised by a competent person and not specified in other, individual standards and/or federation rules.

Turngeräte - Allgemeine sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Dieses Dokument legt die allgemeinen Sicherheitsanforderungen und Prüfverfahren für alle Teile von Turn  und Sportgeräten sowie für alle Teile von Geräten fest, die für die Nutzung im Sportunterricht, Ausbildung und Wettkampf unter Aufsicht einer kompetenten Person vorgesehen sind und die nicht in anderen Einzelnormen und/oder Verbandsrichtlinien festgelegt sind.

Matériel de gymnastique - Exigences générales de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

Le présent document spécifie les exigences générales de sécurité et les méthodes d’essai applicables à tout le matériel de gymnastique et de sport ainsi qu’à tout le matériel conçu dans le cadre de l’éducation physique et sportive, de l’entraînement et de la compétition, destinés à être utilisés sous la surveillance d’une personne compétente et non spécifiés dans d’autres normes individuelles et/ou règlements de fédérations.

Gimnastična oprema - Splošne varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard določa splošne varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode za vse dele gimnastične in športne opreme ter za vse dele opreme za telesno vzgojo, vadbo in tekmovanja, ki so namenjeni za uporabo pod nadzorom pristojne osebe in niso navedeni v drugih, individualnih standardih in/ali pravilih združenj.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za drugo športno opremo, opremo za otroška igrišča, nepremično opremo za vadbo ali opremo za usposabljanje.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
04-Dec-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
05-Dec-2018
Completion Date
05-Dec-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 913:2019
01-februar-2019
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 913:2009
*LPQDVWLþQDRSUHPD6SORãQHYDUQRVWQH]DKWHYHLQSUHVNXVQHPHWRGH
Gymnastic equipment - General safety requirements and test methods
Turngeräte - Allgemeine sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren
Matériel de gymnastique - Exigences générales de sécurité et méthodes d'essai
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 913:2018
ICS:
97.220.30 Oprema za dvoranske športe Indoor sports equipment
SIST EN 913:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 913:2019
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SIST EN 913:2019
EN 913
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.220.30 Supersedes EN 913:2008
English Version
Gymnastic equipment - General safety requirements and
test methods

Matériel de gymnastique - Exigences générales de Turngeräte - Allgemeine sicherheitstechnische

sécurité et méthodes d'essai Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 22 July 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 913:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 913:2019
EN 913:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 4

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 4

4 Risk assessment ............................................................................................................................................... 5

5 General safety requirements ...................................................................................................................... 6

5.1 Materials ............................................................................................................................................................. 6

5.2 Surface finish .................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3 Entrapment ....................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.3.1 Gaps and shearing/crushing points ......................................................................................................... 7

5.3.2 Transport system ............................................................................................................................................ 8

5.3.3 Floor fixings ....................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4 Stability and strength .................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.4.2 Stability ............................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.3 Strength .............................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.5 Adjustment devices ........................................................................................................................................ 8

5.6 Shock absorption of top padding ............................................................................................................... 8

5.7 Friction and abrasion .................................................................................................................................... 9

5.8 Ergonomics ........................................................................................................................................................ 9

6 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................... 9

7 Manufacturer Instructions........................................................................................................................... 9

Annex A (normative) Test methods for entrapment .................................................................................... 10

Annex B (normative) Mechanical loading for determination of stability and strength .................. 20

Annex C (normative) Determination of shock absorption of padding ................................................... 24

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 26

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SIST EN 913:2019
EN 913:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 913:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 136 “Sports,

playground and other recreational facilities and equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 913:2008.

This European Standard is one of several standards, each of which deals with a particular type or a

particular group of gymnastic equipment. Gymnastic equipment of any type not covered by a relevant

European Standard is covered by this general standard.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.
The principal changes from the previous edition of EN 913 are as follows:
a) Scope has been concretised by adding sports equipment;
b) Term “hazard” modified according to EN ISO 12100:2010;
c) Term “risk” added according to EN ISO 12100:2010;
d) References to relevant European Directives added;

e) Risk of “fire” has been deleted, as it is not relevant for gymnastic equipment;

f) New Subclause 5.1 “Material” added;
g) Requirements regarding entrapment have been harmonized with EN 1176-1:2017;
h) Entrapment requirement for floor fixings has been added;
i) New Subclause 5.7 “Friction and abrasion” added;
j) New Subclause 5.8 “Ergonomics” added;

k) In Clause 6 a reference to the relevant European Standard on Gymnastic equipment was added;

l) New Clause 7 “Manufactures instructions” has been added;
m) Body mass for multiple use has been modified according to CEN ISO/TR 7250-2;
n) New “Bibliography” added.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 913:2019
EN 913:2018 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies general safety requirements and test methods for all pieces of gymnastic and

sports equipment and for all pieces of equipment for the use of physical education, training and

competition, intended for use supervised by a competent person and not specified in other, individual

standards and/or federation rules.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 1991-1-1, Eurocode 1: Actions on structures - Part 1-1: General actions - Densities, self-weight,

imposed loads for buildings

EN 1991-1-3, Eurocode 1 - Actions on structures - Part 1-3: General actions - Snow loads

EN 1991-1-4, Eurocode 1: Actions on structures - Part 1-4: General actions - Wind actions

EN 1991-1-5, Eurocode 1: Actions on structures - Part 1-5: General actions - Thermal actions

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

ISO 6487, Road vehicles — Measurement techniques in impact tests — Instrumentation

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
hazard
potential source of harm
[SOURCE: EN ISO 12100:2010, 3.6]
3.2
risk
combination of probability of occurrence of harm and the severity of that harm
[SOURCE: EN ISO 12100:2010, 3.12]
3.3
body mass
mass of the person(s) using the equipment
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SIST EN 913:2019
EN 913:2018 (E)
3.4
static load

load acting on the equipment due to its structure, added weights and pre-stressed components

3.5
dynamic factor

factor to take account of the increase in effective body mass during a dynamic movement

3.6
safety factor

factor intended to cover uncertainties in the body loading and dynamic factor used, and which does not

cover allowance for variations in materials and manufacturing processes
3.7
variable load
load due to factors other than the static and body loads
4 Risk assessment

The assessment of risks has been based on EN ISO 12100. Twelve categories of hazard or sources of

hazard have been considered relevant to gymnastic equipment. These are as follows:

a) crushing;
b) shearing;
c) cutting and severing;
d) entanglement and trapping;
e) impact;
f) stabbing or puncture;
g) friction and abrasion;
h) insufficient mechanical strength;
i) use of unsuitable material (see Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006);
j) unintended movement, including sliding;
k) unsuitable ergonomic design;
l) wrong or missing information.
NOTE See also Directive 2001/95/EC.
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SIST EN 913:2019
EN 913:2018 (E)
5 General safety requirements
5.1 Materials

Materials shall be selected and protected such that the structural integrity of the equipment

manufactured from them is not affected before the next relevant maintenance inspection.

NOTE 1 The provisions relating to certain materials in this European Standard do not imply that other

equivalent materials are unsuitable in the manufacture of multi-sports equipment.

The selection of materials and their use should be in accordance with the appropriate European

Standards where applicable.

In the choice of a material or substance for equipment, consideration should be given to the eventual

disposal of the material or substance having regard to any possible environmental toxic hazard.

NOTE 2 Information on the identification and classification of such substances can be found in the

Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances and mixtures) as

well as in the Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006

concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH).

5.2 Surface finish

There shall be no protruding nails, projecting wire rope terminations or pointed or sharp-edged

components. Rough surfaces should not present any risk of injury. All welds shall be smooth. Protruding

bolt threads within any accessible part of the equipment shall be permanently covered, e.g. dome

headed nuts. Nuts and bolt heads that project less than 8 mm are permitted in non-accessible parts,

provided they are free from burrs.

Corners, edges and projecting parts within the space occupied by the user that protrude more than

8 mm, and which are not shielded by adjacent areas that are not more than 25 mm from the end of the

projecting part, shall be rounded off. The minimum radius of the curve shall be 3 mm.

Figure 1 shows examples of protection for nuts and bolts and permissible protruding parts. Figure 2

shows examples of non-permissible protruding parts.

This requirement is intended only to prevent injuries caused by unintended contact with components.

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SIST EN 913:2019
EN 913:2018 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
a) Examples of protection for nuts and bolts
b) Examples of permissible protruding parts
Figure 1 — Examples of permissible parts
Dimensions in millimetres
a) Uncovered protruding exterior screw thread
b) Unprotected, overhanging sharp-edged (hard) equipment part
Figure 2 — Examples of non-permissible protruding parts
5.3 Entrapment
5.3.1 Gaps and shearing/crushing points
When in use

— there shall be no openings, gaps and/or shearing/crushing points that can create a danger of head

and neck or finger entrapment and

— where components of equipment are able to move relative to each other or to the floor, either by

design or through deflection or bending under load, no entrapment point shall be created by such

movement.
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SIST EN 913:2019
EN 913:2018 (E)

These requirements shall be assessed by carrying out a visual inspection and measurement using the

methods specified in Annex A.

No danger of head and neck entrapment is considered to exist where the lowest part of the

circumference of an opening is less than 600 mm above floor level. Where an item of equipment may be

used at different heights or in different orientations, all possible heights and orientations shall be

considered.
5.3.2 Transport system

Where a transport system is used, it shall not be possible for the equipment to tip over when loaded at

one end with a minimum weight of 75 kg.

When a transport system encounters a floor threshold the mechanism shall not be able to disengage or

drop unintentionally.
5.3.3 Floor fixings

Any floor fixings shall be designed in such a way that they will not protrude from the floor level, nor

provide openings equal to or greater than 8 mm in diameter, when the equipment is not attached to the

floor.
5.4 Stability and strength
5.4.1 General

Unless specified elsewhere in individual equipment standards, verification of the stability and strength

of equipment shall be achieved by engineering calculation or by testing in accordance with the

procedures specified in Annex B.
5.4.2 Stability

For stability testing where the normal action produces a destabilizing force in a horizontal direction, e.g.

vaulting, the theoretical horizontal test force shall be calculated using the formula given in B.1.8. The

calculation shall give a result which is ≥ 35 % of the self-weight of the equipment or 50 N, whichever is

the greater.

Unless specified elsewhere in individual equipment standards, for equipment with unfixed body

sections an actual test shall be carried out with a theoretical horizontal test force of 65 % of the

theoretical test force calculated according to the formula given in B.1.8, or 50 N, whichever is the

greater. Unfixed body sections shall not become separated.
5.4.3 Strength

When tested in accordance with Annex B, equipment shall not collapse or fracture, or show any

permanent deformation that would result in an additional safety hazard as described in the standard.

5.5 Adjustment devices

Any adjustment devices shall prevent accidental changes during use of the device or the equipment.

None of the operating levers shall protrude into the user's free space.

This shall be assessed by carrying out a visual inspection and operation of the adjustment device.

5.6 Shock absorption of top padding
When tested in accordance with the method s
...

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