Environmental labels and declarations - Principles, requirements and guidelines for communication of footprint information (ISO 14026:2017)

ISO 14026:2017 provides principles, requirements and guidelines for footprint communications for products addressing areas of concern relating to the environment.
ISO 14026:2017 also provides requirements and guidelines for footprint communication programmes, as well as requirements for verification procedures.
ISO 14026:2017 does not address the quantification of a footprint, nor does it address the communication of footprints that are not related to the environment, e.g. footprints addressing social or economic issues. In particular, footprint communications relating to the economic and social dimensions of sustainable development are outside the scope of ISO 14026:2017. Footprint communications relating to organizations are also outside the scope of ISO 14026:2017.

Umweltkennzeichnungen und -deklarationen - Grundsätze, Anforderungen und Richtlinien für die Kommunikation von Fußabdruckinformationen (ISO 14026:2017)

Marquages et déclarations environnementaux - Principes, exigences et lignes directrices pour la communication des informations d'empreinte (ISO 14026:2017)

Le présent document fournit des principes, des exigences et des lignes directrices applicables aux communications d'empreinte pour des produits, traitant de sujets de préoccupation en rapport avec l'environnement.
Le présent document fournit également des exigences et des lignes directrices concernant les programmes de communication d'empreinte, ainsi que des exigences relatives aux procédures de vérification.
Le présent document ne traite pas de la quantification d'une empreinte, ni de la communication d'empreintes sans rapport avec l'environnement, par exemple les empreintes traitant de problèmes économiques et sociaux. Les communications d'empreintes liées aux dimensions économiques et sociales du développement durable, notamment, ne relèvent pas du domaine d'application du présent document. Les communications d'empreintes liées aux organismes ne relèvent pas non plus du domaine d'application du présent document.

Okoljske označbe in deklaracije - Okoljsko samodeklariranje (okoljsko označevanje II. vrste) - Dopolnilo A1 (ISO 14021:1999/Amd 1:2011)

ISO 14026: 2017 podaja načela, zahteve in smernice za okoljsko samodeklariranje izdelkov, ki imajo vpliv na okolje.
ISO 14026:2017 določa tudi zahteve in smernice za programe okoljskega samodeklariranja izdelkov ter zahteve za postopke preverjanja.
ISO 14026:2017 ne obravnava količinske opredelitve ogljičnega odtisa in ne obravnava deklariranja, ki ni povezano z okoljem, npr. odtisa, ki obravnava družbena ali ekonomska vprašanja. Okoljsko samodeklariranje, ki se nanaša na ekonomske in družbene razsežnosti trajnostnega razvoja, ne spada na področje uporabe standarda ISO 14026:2017. Okoljsko samodeklariranje, ki se nanaša na organizacije, ravno tako ne spada na področje uporabe standarda ISO 14026:2017.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
09-Oct-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
10-Oct-2018
Completion Date
10-Oct-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
01-februar-2019
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R]QDþHYDQMH,,YUVWH 'RSROQLOR$ ,62$PG

Environmental labels and declarations - Principles, requirements and guidelines for

communication of footprint information (ISO 14026:2017)
Umweltkennzeichnungen und -deklarationen - Grundsätze, Anforderungen und
Richtlinien für die Kommunikation von Fußabdruckinformationen (ISO 14026:2017)

Déclarations et étiquettes environnementales - Principes, exigences et lignes directrices

pour la communication des informations d'empreinte (ISO 14026:2017)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 14026:2018
ICS:
13.020.50 2]QDþHYDQMH]HNRORãNR Ecolabelling
QDOHSNR
SIST EN ISO 14026:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
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SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
EN ISO 14026
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.020.50
English Version
Environmental labels and declarations - Principles,
requirements and guidelines for communication of
footprint information (ISO 14026:2017)

Déclarations et étiquettes environnementales - Umweltkennzeichnungen und -deklarationen -

Principes, exigences et lignes directrices pour la Grundsätze, Anforderungen und Richtlinien für die

communication des informations d'empreinte (ISO Kommunikation von Fußabdruckinformationen (ISO

14026:2017) 14026:2017)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 6 August 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 14026:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
EN ISO 14026:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
EN ISO 14026:2018 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO 14026:2017 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207 "Environmental

management” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as

EN ISO 14026:2018 by Technical Committee CEN/SS S26 “Environmental management” the secretariat

of which is held by CCMC.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by April 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 14026:2017 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 14026:2018 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
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SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 14026
First edition
2017-12
Environmental labels and
declarations — Principles,
requirements and guidelines
for communication of footprint
information
Déclarations et étiquettes environnementales — Principes, exigences
et lignes directrices pour la communication des informations
d'empreinte
Reference number
ISO 14026:2017(E)
ISO 2017
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SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
ISO 14026:2017(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
ISO 14026:2017(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 Terms relating to footprint communication .................................................................................................................. 2

3.2 Terms relating to life cycle assessment and data ...................................................................................................... 2

3.3 Terms relating to organizations and products ............................................................................................................ 4

3.4 Terms relating to data quality and verification .......................................................................................................... 4

4 Objectives ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.1 Credibility and reliability ............................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2 Life cycle perspective ........................................................................................................................................................................ 6

5.3 Comparability........................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.4 Transparency ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

5.5 Regionality .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

6 Communication requirements ............................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.1 Relationship with ISO 14020 ...................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.3 Intended audience ............................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.4 Identification of area of concern .............................................................................................................................................. 7

6.5 Information to be provided .......................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.5.2 Supporting information ............................................................................................................................................. 8

6.5.3 Use of explanatory statements ............................................................................................................................ 9

6.6 Footprint graphics ................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

6.7 Communication of more than one footprint ......... ......................................................................................................... 9

6.7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.7.2 Graphics ................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.8 Access to information .....................................................................................................................................................................10

6.9 Comparative footprint communications ........................................................................................................................10

6.9.1 Types of comparative footprint communications ............................................................................10

6.9.2 Requirements for all comparative footprint communications ..............................................10

6.9.3 Comparisons with the products of other organizations .............................................................10

6.9.4 Footprint communications suggesting overall superiority ......................................................11

6.9.5 Performance tracking ...............................................................................................................................................11

7 Requirements for the use of data to support the communication .................................................................11

7.1 Acceptable footprint results .....................................................................................................................................................11

7.2 Assurance of data quality ............................................................................................................................................................12

7.3 Rules for data confidentiality ..................................................................................................................................................12

7.4 Data used in comparative footprint communications ........................................................................................12

7.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................12

7.4.2 PCR for comparative footprint communications ..............................................................................12

8 Footprint communication programme requirements................................................................................................13

8.1 Scope of the programme ..............................................................................................................................................................13

8.2 Use of PCR ................................................................................................................................................................................................13

8.3 Footprint communication programme rules .............................................................................................................13

8.3.1 Programme instructions ........................................................................................................................................13

8.3.2 Declarations of conformity ..................................................................................................................................13

8.3.3 Monitoring the footprint communication ...............................................................................................13

8.4 Communication responsibilities of the footprint communication programme operator ...14

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
ISO 14026:2017(E)

8.5 Establishing data quality requirements .........................................................................................................................14

9 Verification requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................14

9.1 Verification of footprint communication .......................................................................................................................14

9.2 Competence of footprint communication verifiers ..............................................................................................14

9.3 Independence of verifiers ...........................................................................................................................................................15

Annex A (informative) Responsibilities of the footprint communication programme operator .......16

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................17

iv © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
ISO 14026:2017(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207, Environmental management,

Subcommittee SC 3, Environmental labelling.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
ISO 14026:2017(E)
Introduction

This document belongs to a suite of standards dealing with environmental labels and declarations

for products. It provides requirements and guidelines for how environmental aspects and potential

environmental impacts of a product related to a specific area of concern can be communicated. The aim

of this document is to ensure that only valid, science-based and comparable purchasing information is

provided without any “greenwashing”.

Footprint communication is intended solely to promote the dissemination of credible product

information that is not misleading.

Footprint communications take into consideration the local or regional context relevant to the area where

the potential environmental impacts might occur, including the production, use and end-of-life stages.

This document is intended to ensure that all footprint communications, regardless of the quantification

methodology, follow the same principles and procedures.

This document provides principles, requirements and guidelines for an organization wishing to make a

product footprint communication.
vi © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 14026:2017(E)
Environmental labels and declarations — Principles,
requirements and guidelines for communication of
footprint information
1 Scope

This document provides principles, requirements and guidelines for footprint communications for

products addressing areas of concern relating to the environment.

This document also provides requirements and guidelines for footprint communication programmes,

as well as requirements for verification procedures.

This document does not address the quantification of a footprint, nor does it address the communication

of footprints that are not related to the environment, e.g. footprints addressing social or economic

issues. In particular, footprint communications relating to the economic and social dimensions of

sustainable development are outside the scope of this document. Footprint communications relating to

organizations are also outside the scope of this document.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 14020, Environmental labels and declarations — General principles

ISO 14025:2006, Environmental labels and declarations — Type III environmental declarations —

Principles and procedures

ISO/TS 14027, Environmental labels and declarations — Development of product category rules

ISO 14044:2006, Environmental management — Life cycle assessment — Requirements and guidelines

ISO 14046, Environmental management — Water footprint — Principles, requirements and guidelines

ISO/TS 14067, Greenhouse gases — Carbon footprint of products — Requirements and guidelines for

quantification and communication

ISO/TS 14071, Environmental management — Life cycle assessment — Critical review processes and

reviewer competencies: Additional requirements and guidelines to ISO 14044:2006

ISO/IEC 17050-1, Conformity assessment — Supplier's declaration of conformity — Part 1: General

requirements
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
ISO 14026:2017(E)
3.1 Terms relating to footprint communication
3.1.1
footprint communication

result of preparation, provision and dissemination of the footprint (3.2.2), supporting information and

explanatory statement (3.1.7)
3.1.2
comparative footprint communication

footprint communication (3.1.1) regarding the superiority or equivalence of one product (3.3.3) versus

another product, or one product over time, with regard to a single area of concern (3.2.1)

3.1.3
footprint communication programme

programme for the development and use of a footprint communication (3.1.1) based on a set of

operating rules

Note 1 to entry: The footprint communication programme can be voluntary or mandatory, international, regional,

national, local or sectoral.
3.1.4
footprint information module

compilation of data to be used as a basis for a footprint (3.2.2), covering a unit process or a combination

of unit processes that are part of the life cycle (3.2.3) of a product (3.3.3)

[SOURCE: ISO 14025:2006, 3.13, modified — The words “Type III environmental declaration” have been

replaced with “footprint”.]
3.1.5
footprint performance tracking report

report comparing the footprint (3.2.2) for a product (3.3.3) with the footprint for an original or

previous product, or with the same product over time, where the product(s) are marketed by the same

organization and have the same functional unit (3.2.5) or declared unit (3.2.6)
3.1.6
footprint graphic

images or pictograms used when communicating numerical information as part of footprint

communication (3.1.1)
3.1.7
explanatory statement

explanation which is needed or given so that a footprint communication (3.1.1) can be properly

understood by a purchaser, potential purchaser or user of the product (3.3.3)

[SOURCE: ISO 14021:2016, 3.1.7, modified — The words “environmental claim” have been replaced with

“footprint communication”.]
3.2 Terms relating to life cycle assessment and data
3.2.1
area of concern

aspect of the natural environment, human health or resources of interest to society

EXAMPLE Water, climate change, biodiversity.
3.2.2
footprint

metric(s) used to report life cycle assessment (3.2.4) results addressing an area of concern (3.2.1)

2 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
ISO 14026:2017(E)
3.2.3
life cycle

consecutive and interlinked stages of a product system, from raw material acquisition or generation

from natural resources to final disposal
[SOURCE: ISO 14040:2006, 3.1]
3.2.4
life cycle assessment
LCA

compilation and evaluation of the inputs, outputs and the potential environmental impacts (3.2.10) of a

product system throughout its life cycle (3.2.3)
[SOURCE: ISO 14040:2006, 3.2]
3.2.5
functional unit
quantified performance of a product system for use as a reference unit
[SOURCE: ISO 14040:2006, 3.20]
3.2.6
declared unit

quantity of a product (3.3.3) for use as a reference unit in a footprint communication (3.1.1) based on

life cycle assessment (3.2.4), for the expression of environmental information in footprint information

modules (3.1.4)
EXAMPLE 1 kg of primary steel, 1 m of crude oil.

[SOURCE: ISO 21930:2017, 3.1.11, modified — The word “construction” has been deleted before

“product”, the abbreviated term “EPD” (“environmental product declaration”) has been replaced with

“footprint communication”, the word “footprint” has been added before “information modules”, the

example has been modified and the note to entry has been deleted.]
3.2.7
product category rules
PCR

set of specific rules, requirements and guidelines for developing footprint communications (3.1.1) for

one or more product categories (3.3.4)

[SOURCE: ISO 14025:2006, 3.5, modified — The words “Type III environmental declarations” have been

replaced with “footprint communications”.]
3.2.8
weighting

converting and possibly aggregating indicator results across impact categories using numerical factors

based on value-choices
[SOURCE: ISO 14044:2006, 4.4.3.1, bullet c)]
3.2.9
environmental aspect

element of an organization's activities or products (3.3.3) or services that can interact with the

environment

[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.2.2, modified — The words “interacts or” and have been deleted before

“can interact” and the notes to entry have been deleted.]
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
ISO 14026:2017(E)
3.2.10
environmental impact

change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an

organization’s environmental aspects (3.2.9)
[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.2.4]
3.3 Terms relating to organizations and products
3.3.1
consumer

individual member of the general public purchasing or using goods, property or services for private

purposes
[SOURCE: ISO 14025:2006, 3.16]
3.3.2
interested party

person or organization that can affect, be affected by, or perceive itself to be affected by a decision or

activity

EXAMPLE Customers, communities, suppliers, regulators, non-governmental organizations, investors and

employees.

Note 1 to entry: To “perceive itself to be affected” means the perception has been made known to the organization.

[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.1.6]
3.3.3
product
any goods or service
[SOURCE: ISO 14021:2016, 3.1.14]
3.3.4
product category
group of products (3.3.3) that can fulfil equivalent functions
[SOURCE: ISO 14025:2006, 3.12]
3.3.5
footprint communication programme operator
body that conducts a footprint communication programme (3.1.3)

Note 1 to entry: A footprint communication (3.1.1) programme operator can be a company or a group of companies,

industrial sector or trade association, public authorities or agencies, or an independent scientific body or other

organization. An organization that develops footprint communications solely relating to the organization's own

products (3.3.3) is also considered to be a footprint communication programme operator.

3.4 Terms relating to data quality and verification
3.4.1
data quality

characteristics of data that relate to their ability to satisfy stated requirements

[SOURCE: ISO 14040:2006, 3.19]
4 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14026:2019
ISO 14026:2017(E)
3.4.2
verification

confirmation, through the provision of objective evidence, that specified requirements have been

fulfilled

[SOURCE: ISO 9000:2015, 3.8.12, modified — The notes to entry have been deleted.]

3.4.3
verifier
person or body that carries out verification (3.4.2)

Note 1 to entry: For the purposes of this document, a verifier is also a person or body that carries out an

assessment of data quality (3.4.1) and other aspects of a footprint (3.2.2) study.

[SOURCE: ISO 14025:2006, 3.8, modified — The note to entry has been added.]
3.4.4
competence
ability to apply knowledge and skills to achieve intended results
[SOURCE:
...

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