Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Fired heaters for general refinery service (ISO 13705:2012)

ISO 13705:2012 specifies requirements and gives recommendations for the design, materials, fabrication, inspection, testing, preparation for shipment, and erection of fired heaters, air heaters, fans and burners for general refinery service.
ISO 13705:2012 is not intended to apply to the design of steam reformers or pyrolysis furnaces.

Erdöl-, petrochemische und Erdgasindustrie - Befeuerte Erhitzer für den allgemeinen Einsatz in Raffinerien (ISO 13705:2012)

Industries du pétrole, de la pétrochimie et du gaz naturel - Réchauffeurs à brûleurs pour usage général dans les raffineries (ISO 13705:2012)

L'ISO 13705:2012 spécifie les exigences et donne des recommandations pour la conception, les matériaux, la fabrication, l'inspection, les essais, la préparation pour l'expédition et le montage des réchauffeurs, des préchauffeurs d'air (APH), des ventilateurs et des brûleurs à usage général dans les raffineries.
L'ISO 13705:2012 n'est pas destinée à s'appliquer à la conception des reformeurs à vapeur ou des fours à pyrolyse.

Petrokemična industrija ter industrija za predelavo nafte in zemeljskega plina - Grelniki za splošno uporabo v rafinerijah (ISO 13705:2012)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
18-Dec-2012
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
29-Jan-2013

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 13705:2014
01-marec-2014
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SIST EN ISO 13705:2007
3HWURNHPLþQDLQGXVWULMDWHULQGXVWULMD]DSUHGHODYRQDIWHLQ]HPHOMVNHJDSOLQD
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Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Fired heaters for general refinery

service (ISO 13705:2012)

Erdöl-, petrochemische und Erdgasindustrie - Befeuerte Erhitzer für den allgemeinen

Einsatz in Raffinerien (ISO 13705:2012)

Industries du pétrole, de la pétrochimie et du gaz naturel - Réchauffeurs à brûleurs pour

usage général dans les raffineries (ISO 13705:2012)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 13705:2012
ICS:
75.180.20 Predelovalna oprema Processing equipment
97.100.01 Grelniki na splošno Heating appliances in
general
SIST EN ISO 13705:2014 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 13705:2014
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SIST EN ISO 13705:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 13705
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
December 2012
ICS 75.180.20 Supersedes EN ISO 13705:2006
English Version
Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Fired
heaters for general refinery service (ISO 13705:2012)

Industries du pétrole, de la pétrochimie et du gaz naturel - Erdöl-, petrochemische und Erdgasindustrie - Befeuerte

Réchauffeurs à brûleurs pour usage général dans les Erhitzer für den allgemeinen Einsatz in Raffinerien (ISO

raffineries (ISO 13705:2012) 13705:2012)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 14 December 2012.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2012 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 13705:2012: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 13705:2014
EN ISO 13705:2012 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 13705:2014
EN ISO 13705:2012 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 13705:2012) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 67 "Materials,

equipment and offshore structures for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries" in collaboration

with Technical Committee CEN/TC 12 “Materials, equipment and offshore structures for petroleum,

petrochemical and natural gas industries” the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2013, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by June 2013.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 13705:2006.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 13705:2012 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 13705:2012 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 13705:2014
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SIST EN ISO 13705:2014
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 13705
Third edition
2012-12-15
Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas
industries — Fired heaters for general
refinery service
Industries du pétrole, de la pétrochimie et du gaz naturel —
Réchauffeurs à brûleurs pour usage général dans les raffineries
Reference number
ISO 13705:2012(E)
ISO 2012
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 13705:2014
ISO 13705:2012(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2012

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 13705:2014
ISO 13705:2012(E)
Contents Page

Foreword .............................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction........................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................1

2 Normative references............................................................................................................................1

3 Terms, definitions, abbreviated terms and symbols .........................................................................4

3.1 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................4

3.2 Abbreviated terms and symbols........................................................................................................11

4 General .................................................................................................................................................12

4.1 Pressure design code .........................................................................................................................12

4.2 Regulations ..........................................................................................................................................12

4.3 Heater nomenclature...........................................................................................................................12

5 Proposals .............................................................................................................................................16

5.1 Purchaser's responsibilities...............................................................................................................16

5.2 Vendor's responsibilities....................................................................................................................16

5.3 Documentation ....................................................................................................................................16

5.4 Final reports.........................................................................................................................................18

6 Design considerations........................................................................................................................18

6.1 Process design ....................................................................................................................................18

6.2 Combustion design .............................................................................................................................19

6.3 Mechanical design...............................................................................................................................19

7 Tubes ....................................................................................................................................................20

7.1 General .................................................................................................................................................20

7.2 Extended surface.................................................................................................................................21

7.3 Materials ...............................................................................................................................................22

8 Headers.................................................................................................................................................22

8.1 General .................................................................................................................................................22

8.2 Plug headers ........................................................................................................................................23

8.3 Return bends .......................................................................................................................................24

8.4 Materials ...............................................................................................................................................24

9 Piping, terminals and manifolds ........................................................................................................25

9.1 General .................................................................................................................................................25

9.2 Allowable movement and loads.........................................................................................................26

9.3 Materials ...............................................................................................................................................28

10 Tube suppports ...................................................................................................................................28

10.1 General .................................................................................................................................................28

10.2 Loads and allowable stress................................................................................................................29

10.3 Materials ...............................................................................................................................................30

11 Refractories and insulation ................................................................................................................31

11.1 General .................................................................................................................................................31

11.2 Brick and tile construction .................................................................................................................32

11.3 Castable construction.........................................................................................................................33

11.4 Ceramic-fibre construction.................................................................................................................33

11.5 Multi-component lining construction ................................................................................................35

11.6 Materials ...............................................................................................................................................35

12 Structures and appurtenances ..........................................................................................................36

12.1 General .................................................................................................................................................36

© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 13705:2014
ISO 13705:2012(E)

12.2 Structures .............................................................................................................................................36

12.3 Header boxes, doors and ports..........................................................................................................37

12.4 Ladders, platforms and stairways......................................................................................................37

12.5 Materials ...............................................................................................................................................38

13 Stacks, ducts and breeching..............................................................................................................39

13.1 General..................................................................................................................................................39

13.2 Design considerations ........................................................................................................................39

13.3 Design methods...................................................................................................................................41

13.4 Static design.........................................................................................................................................41

13.5 Wind-induced vibration design ..........................................................................................................42

13.6 Materials ...............................................................................................................................................43

14 Burners and auxiliary equipment.......................................................................................................43

14.1 Burners .................................................................................................................................................43

14.2 Sootblowers .........................................................................................................................................48

14.3 Fans and drivers ..................................................................................................................................48

14.4 Dampers and damper controls for stacks and ducts.......................................................................48

15 Instrument and auxiliary connections...............................................................................................49

15.1 Flue gas and air....................................................................................................................................49

15.2 Process fluid temperature ..................................................................................................................50

15.3 Auxiliary connections .........................................................................................................................50

15.4 Tube-skin thermocouples ...................................................................................................................51

15.5 Access to connections........................................................................................................................51

16 Shop fabrication and field erection....................................................................................................51

16.1 General..................................................................................................................................................51

16.2 Structural-steel fabrication.................................................................................................................52

16.3 Coil fabrication.....................................................................................................................................53

16.4 Painting and galvanizing.....................................................................................................................54

16.5 Refractories and insulation ................................................................................................................54

16.6 Preparation for shipment ....................................................................................................................55

16.7 Field erection........................................................................................................................................56

17 Inspection, examination and testing..................................................................................................56

17.1 General..................................................................................................................................................56

17.2 Weld examination ................................................................................................................................57

17.3 Castings examination..........................................................................................................................57

17.4 Examination of other components.....................................................................................................58

17.5 Testing ..................................................................................................................................................59

Annex A (informative) Equipment data sheets...............................................................................................61

Annex B (informative) Purchaser's checklist .................................................................................................90

Annex C (informative) Proposed shop-assembly conditions.......................................................................94

Annex D (normative) Stress curves for use in the design of tube-support elements ...............................96

Annex E (normative) Centrifugal fans for fired-heater systems.................................................................111

Annex F (normative) Air preheat systems for fired process heaters ........................................................128

Annex G (informative) Measurement of efficiency of fired process heaters.............................................186

Annex H (informative) Stack design..............................................................................................................254

Annex I (informative) Measurement of noise from fired-process heaters.................................................264

Bibliography ....................................................................................................................................................300

iv © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 13705:2014
ISO 13705:2012(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 13705 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 67, Materials, equipment and offshore structures

for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries, Subcommittee SC 6, Processing equipment and

systems.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 13705:2006), which has been technically

revised.
© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 13705:2014
ISO 13705:2012(E)
Introduction

Users of this International Standard should be aware that further or differing requirements may be needed for

individual applications. This International Standard is not intended to inhibit a vendor from offering, or the

purchaser from accepting, alternative equipment or engineering solutions for the individual application. This

may be particularly applicable where there is innovative or developing technology. Where an alternative is

offered, the vendor should identify any variations from this International Standard and provide details.

In International Standards, the SI system of units is used. Where practical in this International Standard, US

Customary (USC) units are included in brackets for information.

A bullet (●) at the beginning of a clause or subclause indicates that either a decision is required or further

information is to be provided by the purchaser. This information should be indicated on data sheets (see

examples in Annex A) or stated in the enquiry or purchase order. Decisions should be indicated on a checklist

(see example in Annex B).
vi © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 13705:2014
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 13705:2012(E)
Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries — Fired
heaters for general refinery service
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies requirements and gives recommendations for the design, materials,

fabrication, inspection, testing, preparation for shipment, and erection of fired heaters, air heaters (APHs),

fans and burners for general refinery service.

This International Standard is not intended to apply to the design of steam reformers or pyrolysis furnaces.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 1461, Hot dip galvanized coatings on fabricated iron and steel articles — Specifications and test methods

ISO 1940-1:2003, Mechanical vibration — Balance quality requirements for rotors in a constant (rigid) state —

Part 1: Specification and verification of balance tolerances

ISO 8501-1, Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related products — Visual

assessment of surface cleanliness — Part 1: Rust grades and preparation grades of uncoated steel

substrates and of steel substrates after overall removal of previous coatings
ISO 10684, Fasteners — Hot dip galvanized coatings

ISO 13704, Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries — Calculation of heater-tube thickness in

petroleum refineries
ISO 15649, Petroleum and natural gas industries — Piping
IEC 60079 (all parts), Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres

EN 10025-2:2004 , Hot rolled products of structural steels — Part 2: Technical delivery conditions for non-

alloy structural steels
ABMA Standard 9 , Load Ratings and Fatigue Life for Ball Bearings
AMCA 210 , Laboratory Methods of Testing Fans for Aerodynamic Performance Rating

AMCA 801:2001, Industrial Process/Power Generation Fans — Specifications and Guidelines

1 European Committee for Standardization (CEN), Rue de Stassart 36, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.

2 American Bearing Manufacturers Association, 2025 M. Street, NW, Suite 800, Washington, DC 20036, USA.

3 Air Movement and Control Association, 30 West University Drive, Arlington Heights, IL 60004, USA.

© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 13705:2014
ISO 13705:2012(E)
ASME B 17.1 , Keys and Keyseats
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Pressure Vessels
ASTM A 36 , Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel

ASTM A 53, Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless

ASTM A 105, Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Forgings for Piping Applications

ASTM A 106, Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service

ASTM A 123, Standard Specification for Zinc (Hot-Dip Galvanized) Coatings on Iron and Steel Products

ASTM A 143, Standard Practice for Safeguarding Against Embrittlement of Hot-Dip Galvanized Structural

Steel Products and Procedure for Detecting Embrittlement

ASTM A 153, Standard Specification for Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and Steel Hardware

ASTM A 181, Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Forgings, for General-Purpose Piping

ASTM A 182, Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled Alloy and Stainless-Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged

Fittings, and Valves and Parts for High-Temperature Service

ASTM A 192, Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes for High-Pressure Service

ASTM A 193, Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting for High-Temperature or High-

Pressure Service and Other Special Purpose Applications

ASTM A 194, Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts for Bolts for High-Pressure or High-

Temperature Service, or Both

ASTM A 209, Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon-Molybdenum Alloy-Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes

ASTM A 210, Standard Specification for Seamless Medium-Carbon Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes

ASTM A 213, Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, and

Heat-Exchanger Tubes

ASTM A 216, Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon, Suitable for Fusion Welding, for High-

Temperature Service

ASTM A 217, Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Martensitic Stainless and Alloy, for Pressure-

Containing Parts, Suitable for High-Temperature Service

ASTM A 234, Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Moderate

and High Temperature Service

ASTM A 240, Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and

Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications
ASTM A 242, Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel

ASTM A 283, Standard Specification for Low and Intermediate Tensile Strength Carbon Steel Plates

ASTM A 297, Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Iron-Chromium and Iron-Chromium-Nickel, Heat

Resistant, for General Application

ASTM A 307, Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Bolts and Studs, 60 000 PSI Tensile Strength

4 American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 3 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10017, USA.

5 American Society for Testing and Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, USA.

2 © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 13705:2014
ISO 13705:2012(E)

ASTM A 312, Standard Specification for Seamless, Welded, and Heavily Cold Worked Austenitic Stainless

Steel Pipes

ASTM A 320, Standard Specification for Alloy Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting Materials for Low-

Temperature Service

ASTM A 325, Standard Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat Treated, 120/105 ksi Minimum Tensile

Strength

ASTM A 335, Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic Alloy-Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service

ASTM A 351, Standard Specification for Castings, Austenitic, for Pressure-Containing Parts

ASTM A 376, Standard Specification for Seamless Austenitic Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Central-Station

Service

ASTM A 384, Standard Practice for Safeguarding Against Warpage and Distortion During Hot-Dip Galvanizing

of S
...

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