Spectator facilities - Part 7: Entry and exit elements and routes
This European Standard specifies safety and design characteristics of entry and exit elements of passage that are used in spectator facilities, either singularly or in combination, to provide a route.
Zuschaueranlagen - Teil 7: Eingangs- und Ausgangsanlagen und Wege
Diese Europäische Norm legt Sicherheits- und Planungsmerkmale der Eingangs- und Ausgangsanlagen von Durchgängen fest, die bei Zuschaueranlagen entweder getrennt voneinander oder in Kombination miteinander bei der Bereitstellung eines Weges Anwendung finden.
Installations pour spectateurs - Partie 7 : Éléments et itinéraires d'entrée et de sortie
La présente Norme européenne spécifie les caractéristiques de sécurité et de conception des éléments de passage d’entrée et de sortie utilisés dans les installations pour spectateurs, soit individuellement soit en combinaison, afin de fournir un itinéraire.
Prostori za gledalce - 7. del: Vhodni in izhodni elementi ter poti
Standard EN 13200-7 določa varnostne in zasnovne lastnosti vhodnih in izhodnih elementov, uporabljenih v prostorih za gledalce, samostojno ali v sestavih, za zagotavljanje poti.
Standards Content (Sample)
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Prostori za gledalce - 7. del: Vhodni in izhodni elementi ter potiZuschaueranlagen - Teil 7: Ein- und Ausgangsanlagen und WegeInstallations pour spectateurs - Éléments et itinéraires d'entrée et de sortieSpectator facilities - Part 7: Entry and exit elements and routes97.220.10Športni objektiSports facilities97.200.10Gledališka, odrska in studijska oprema ter delovne postajeTheatre, stage and studio equipment91.040.10Javne stavbePublic buildingsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13200-7:2014SIST EN 13200-7:2014en,fr,de01-maj-2014SIST EN 13200-7:2014SLOVENSKI
SIST EN 13200-7:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
March 2014 ICS 91.040.10; 97.200.10; 97.220.10 English Version
Spectator facilities - Part 7: Entry and exit elements and routes Installations pour spectateurs - Partie 7 : Éléments et itinéraires d'entrée et de sortie
Zuschaueranlagen - Teil 7: Eingangs- und Ausgangsanlagen und Wege This European Standard was approved by CEN on 30 November 2013.
CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels © 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 13200-7:2014 ESIST EN 13200-7:2014
EN 13200-7:2014 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword .4 Introduction .5 1 Scope .6 2 Normative references .6 3 Terms and definitions .6 4 Entry and exit — General characteristics .8 4.1 General .8 4.2 Entry and exit for emergency services and accredited categories . 12 5 Entry . 13 5.1 General . 13 5.2 Factors affecting the entry capacity . 13 5.3 Calculating an entry capacity . 13 5.4 Spectator ingress. 13 5.4.1 Basic principle . 13 5.4.2 The need to count . 14 5.5 Design of entrances and entry routes . 14 5.6 External perimeter barrier and passageways . 15 5.6.1 General . 15 5.6.2 Queue pre-selection devices . 15 5.6.3 Access control elements and entry points . 15 6 Spectator circulation, routes and areas . 16 6.1 General . 16 6.2 Circulation - General . 16 6.3 Creating a balanced system . 16 6.4 Multifunctional circulation areas . 16 6.5 Zoning of circulation routes . 17 6.6 Design of circulation routes and areas . 17 6.6.1 Maintaining safe conditions . 17 6.6.2 Design . 17 6.6.3 Width . 17 6.6.4 Headroom . 17 6.6.5 Signs . 17 6.6.6 Lighting . 17 6.7 Provision of clear information . 17 6.8 Circulation – Within the facility . 18 6.9 Passageways . 18 6.10 Ramps . 19 6.11 Stairways . 19 6.11.1 General . 19 6.11.2 Stepped access and stairs for people with special needs . 19 6.12 Escalators . 20 6.13 Lifts . 20 6.14 Concourses . 20 6.15 Vomitories . 21 7 Egress and emergency evacuation. 22 7.1 Basic design principles . 22 SIST EN 13200-7:2014
EN 13200-7:2014 (E) 3 7.2 Exit capacity . 22 7.3 Exit route . 22 7.4 Rates of passage . 22 7.5 Egress time . 23 7.6 Design of exit systems . 23 7.7 Emergency evacuation time . 24 7.8 Design of emergency evacuation routes . 24 7.9 Use of the activity area for emergency evacuation . 25 7.10 Provision of gates or openings in an activity area perimeter barrier . 26 7.11 Exit doors and gates . 26 7.12 Electronic securing systems . 27 7.13 Emergency escape lighting . 27 7.14 Emergency Evacuation for people with special needs . 28 7.14.1 Horizontal Escape . 28 7.14.2 Vertical Escape . 29 Annex A (informative)
Access control elements - Product characteristics . 31 A.1 Full Height Turnstiles . 31 A.1.1 General . 31 A.1.2 Dimensional requirements . 31 A.1.3 Characteristics . 31 A.1.4 Ergonomics . 31 A.1.5 Electric circuits . 32 A.1.6 Control system . 32 A.1.7 Functions. 32 A.1.8 Time-out. 32 A.2 Technical specifications for the supply of scanning equipment to control access via turnstile entrances . 33 A.2.1 Control software . 33 A.2.2 Server . 33 A.2.3 Scanning device for Turnstile/Cage . 34 Bibliography . 35
SIST EN 13200-7:2014
EN 13200-7:2014 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 13200-7:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 315 “Spectator facilities”, the secretariat of which is held by UNI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2014, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by September 2014. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This European Standard (EN 13200), with the general title Spectator facilities, is divided into different parts: — EN 13200-1, Spectator facilities — Part 1: General characteristics for spectator viewing area; — CEN/TR 13200-2, Spectator facilities — Layout criteria of service area — Part 2: Characteristics and national situations; — EN 13200-3, Spectator facilities — Part 3: Separating elements — Requirements; — EN 13200-4, Spectator facilities — Part 4: Seats — Product Characteristics; — EN 13200-5, Spectator facilities — Part 5: Telescopic stands; — EN 13200-6, Spectator facilities — Part 6: Demountable (temporary) stands; — EN 13200-7, Spectator facilities — Part 7: Entry and exit elements and routes [the present document]; — prEN 13200-8, Spectator facilities — Part 8: Safety Management; — prEN 13200-9, Spectator facilities — Part 9: Communications systems in spectator facilities. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 13200-7:2014
EN 13200-7:2014 (E) 5 Introduction This European standard has been prepared in order to specify the general design criteria for entry and exit systems (including entry and exit elements and routes) used in spectator facilities under normal and emergency conditions. Within this European Standard, minimum and recommended values for dimensions are occasionally presented. It should be recognized that these values are to be considered as values that in part, recognize different national requirements as a basic provision. The provision and nature of facilities for persons with special needs will invariably impact upon spectator facilities. Special needs embraces spectators with learning difficulties, impaired hearing, impaired vision, mobility impairment, children and elderly people. Attention is drawn to the fact that in certain countries additional requirements may be applicable due to existing national regulations. SIST EN 13200-7:2014
EN 13200-7:2014 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard specifies safety and design characteristics of entry and exit elements of passage that are used in spectator facilities, either singularly or in combination, to provide a route. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 81-70, Safety rules for the construction and installations of lifts — Particular applications for passenger and good passengers lifts — Part 70: Accessibility to lifts for persons including persons with disability EN 115 (all parts), Safety of escalators and moving walks EN 12193, Light and lighting — Sports lighting EN 13200-1:2012, Spectator facilities — Part 1: General characteristics for spectator viewing area ISO 7001, Graphical symbols — Public information symbols 3 Terms and definitions For the purpose of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 13200-1:2012 and the following apply. 3.1 entry capacity number of spectators who can enter the facility in a fixed interval of time 3.2 entry elements individual components of the entry system that provide for the passage of spectators 3.3 entry route combination of elements that provides for the passage of spectators from their point of entry to the viewing accommodation 3.4 exit capacity number of spectators to exit the facility in a specified interval 3.5 exit elements individual components of the exit system that provide for the passage of spectators 3.6 exit route combination of elements that provides for the passage of spectators from their viewing accommodation to a final exit from the facility SIST EN 13200-7:2014
EN 13200-7:2014 (E) 7 3.7 landing level surface at the head, foot or between flights of stair ways or ramps 3.8 access control element mechanical or electronic device, including those for people with special needs, which can control count and record of spectator entry 3.9 point of entry location at which a spectator first passes through an access control element 3.10 turnstile mechanical and or electronic device with revolving arms which allows singular passage, including counting Note 1 to entry: A turnstile is not always an appropriate entry device for a person with special needs. 3.11 concourse circulation area with access to and from the spectator viewing accommodation which can serve as a meeting area for spectators for purposes of refreshment and entertainment Note 1 to entry:
Direct access to toilet facilities may also be provided. 3.12 passageway access route to a sector or block Note 1 to entry: A passageway, on level ground, slope or stair, includes vomitory and gangway. 3.13 stairway succession of steps including any landing at the head and foot of the steps or between flights that enables pedestrian passage between levels 3.14 rate of passage number of persons per meter width per minute that can pass through the specified element of an entry or exit route 3.15 flow capacity number of spectators that can safely pass through a given width of a space in a specified time 3.16 ramp slope designed to enable the passage of a pedestrian or wheel chair user from one level to another 3.17 place of safety place where a person is no longer in danger from fire or other emergencies 3.18 final exit termination of an escape route from a building or facility giving direct access to a place of safety SIST EN 13200-7:2014
EN 13200-7:2014 (E) 8 3.19 vomitory element of passage that provides entry to or exit from the viewing area 3.20 circulation free movement of spectators within a spectator facility 3.21 external perimeter barrier barrier which separates the external area from the spectator's service area 3.22 queue pre-selection device element that directs a spectator towards a specific passageway or route 3.23 refuge area separated from fire by fire-resisting construction of at least 90 min Note 1 to entry: It is a temporarily safe space for people with special needs to wait for an evacuation lift or assistance up or down stairs. 3.24 risk assessment overall process comprising a risk analysis and a risk evaluation Note 1 to entry: Risk analysis is a systematic use of available information to identify hazards and to estimate the risk. Risk evaluation is a procedure based on the risk analysis to determine whether the acceptable level of risk has been achieved. 3.25 free flow exit system unobstructed exit route that provides means for spectators to reach, from the viewing area exits, the final exit from the facility or a place of safety in case of an emergency 4 Entry and exit — General characteristics 4.1 General The movement of spectators within a facility is characterized by their ingress, the nature of the event and their egress upon conclusion of the event. An exceptional occurrence can initiate a full or partial emergency evacuation. Spectator movements will occur in the areas schematically indicated in Figure 1 and Figure 2 as: — viewing area; — services area; — external area. The areas are defined in EN 13200-1 (see 3.3, 3.4 and 3.18). SIST EN 13200-7:2014
EN 13200-7:2014 (E) 9
Key 1 external area 2 services area 3 viewing area 4 activity area En1 entry point En2 horizontal outside routes En3 vertical outside routes En4 horizontal inside routes En5 vertical inside routes En6 vomitories Figure 1 — Entry system SIST EN 13200-7:2014
EN 13200-7:2014 (E) 10
Key 1 external area 2 services area 3 viewing area 4 activity area Ex1 vomitories Ex2 horizontal inside routes Ex3 vertical inside routes Ex4 vertical outside routes Ex5 horizontal outside routes Ex6 exit point Figure 2 — Exit system SIST EN 13200-7:2014
EN 13200-7:2014 (E) 11 Ingress routes leading to viewing areas and egress routes leading to final exits shall be designed to enable spectators to move safely and comfortably. The design and safety management of these routes shall ensure that a spectator is able in cases of emergency to reach a place of safety following the shortest route within time required by this European Standard and by the appropriate risk assessment for emergency evacuation. The emergency exit route shall be designed not to have obstacles for spectators' evacuation and shall not pass through crowded areas. In general, the flow capacities of the individual elements that comprise the route shall be taken into account necessarily recognizing the characteristics of each element that need to be considered. For example, the configuration of a stair instead of a level passageway will affect the rate of passage. It is necessary that all exit and entry routes, including the elements that constitute them, do not converge in the primary movement direction. Convergence is not solely defined by dimension. Entry and exit routes shall not have neither narrowings nor protrusions on the walls up to an height of 2,00 m. The primary components of an ingress route will be entry elements, level walkways and probably stairs and ramps. Additional elements that can be present in ingress routes are: — queuing areas to enter the facility; — doors and gates; — devices to count spectator ingress and possibly egress; — access control elements or systems; — elevators, escalators and stair lifts; — vomitories. In considering the movement of spectators to and from service areas and concourses, both interior and exterior analyses similar to those applicable to their ingress and egress will be required. Service areas, with the facilities they provide, directly and indirectly, may be part of the escape routes of the spectators. Consequently, there is a need to avoid the placement of any physical obstacles to the exit flows of spectators from the viewing areas. Overcrowding of the service areas during the event, particularly where located in the vicinity of exits from the viewing accommodation, should be prevented. Should overcrowding be observed in any area, appropriate management procedures should be put in place. Egress can occur under normal and emergency conditions, through the exit system. Egress routes will comprise of similar elements to those present in ingress routes together with additional elements that can accommodate bulk egress. The primary components of an egress route will be level walkways and probably stairs and ramps. Additional elements that can be present in egress routes are: — doors and gates; — elevators, escalators and stair lifts; SIST EN 13200-7:2014
EN 13200-7:2014 (E) 12 — vomitories; — emergency evacuation routes; — emergency exits; — final exits; — place of safety. Standard elevators shall not contribute to an emergency egress route. Escalators shall be locked in a stationary mode and their contribution to emergency egress shall be risk assessed. Under emergency conditions, the primary objective of the system of exit routes shall be to allow the occupants of the structure to reach a place of safety by the risks deriving from the spread of fire, power failure or other situations that may create panic and other types of emergencies, waiting for help. The necessary capacity of an emergency egress route is defined by the appropriate interval for all spectators and event staff using that route to reach a place of safety from their viewing position or workplace. A risk assessment is necessary to ascertain the appropriate interval. In order to determine the time taken by individual spectators to reach their place of safety from the viewing position the characteristics of their exit route need detailed consideration. Travel distance, confluence of flows, up and down stair elements, inclined walkways and the type of event will affect travel times. In the case of disabled spectators, refuge areas shall provide accommodation for a predetermined number of people in wheelchairs whose evacuation from the refuge area can be safely progress. Egress times of evacuation from the viewing area, provided in EN 13200-1:2012, Annex E, can be a starting point in any risk assessment. In some instance, particularly for outdoor facilities, emergency evacuation through the Activity Area (field of play) may form part of an emergency egress route of an emergency evacuation. 4.2 Entry and exit for emergency services and accredited categories The location of spectator facility or of a sport complex shall provide for the ready access of rescue vehicles to approach and manoeuvre, besides ensuring evacuation towards adjacent areas. The external area shall enable rapid evacuation. Car parks and public transport locations shall not impede spectator egress. It is necessary to provide alternative entrances and exits for the emergency vehicles and personnel assigned to them. The access for emergency vehicles shall be secured at all times. A suitable area to allow air ambulances to land shall be designated for major events. Additional dedicated entry and exit points may be required for media vehicles and other services (cleaning, catering, maintenance, etc.). Suitably accredited persons (i.e. regulatory officers, competitors, venue personnel, etc.) may require dedicated entry and exit points. SIST EN 13200-7:2014
EN 13200-7:2014 (E) 13 5 Entry 5.1 General Spectators shall be provided with clear and consistent information on all aspects of entry. All entrances and entry routes shall be clearly signposted and for use during non-daylight hours be adequately lit. Turnstiles, entry points and information points shall be numbered, readily identifiable and ideally provided with tactile aids for sight-impaired or blind spectators. Advance information in braille could be given on the tickets for sight-impaired spectators. Disabled persons shall rely on clear and early notification of facilities and access routes to a greater extent than the non-disabled. 5.2 Factors affecting the entry capacity The main factors affecting the rate of entry are: — number and dispersal of access control elements and points of entry; — security arrangements at points of entry; — adequacy of directional information and communications; — means of entry e.g. cash payment, ticket or voucher; — profile of spectator body; — division of entry categories, e.g. adult, juvenile, senior citizen, or family; — design and condition of turnstiles/ point of entry; — capabilities of access control elements operators. The rate at which spectators pass through each access control element can vary and the value adopted shall be established from the existing record. Where no existing record is in place the value shall be established through a test procedure. 5.