Small craft - Electric propulsion system (ISO 16315:2016, Corrected version 2021-11)

ISO 16315:2016 addresses the design and installation of alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) electrical systems used for the purpose of electrical propulsion and/or electrical hybrid (system with both a rechargeable battery and a fuelled power source) propulsion.
ISO 16315:2016 applies to electrical propulsion systems operated in the following ranges either individually or in combination: direct current of less than 1 500 V DC; single-phase alternating current up to AC 1 000 V; three-phase alternating current up to AC 1 000 V.
ISO 16315:2016 applies to electrical propulsion systems installed in small craft up to 24 m length of the hull (LH according to ISO 8666).

Kleine Wasserfahrzeuge - Elektrische Antriebssysteme (ISO 16315:2016, korrigierte Fassung 2021-11)

Diese Internationale Norm gilt für die Auslegung und die Installation von elektrischen Wechselstrom (AC)- und Gleichstromsystemen (DC), die zu elektrischen Antriebszwecken und/oder elektrisch hybriden (Systeme mit wiederaufladbarer Batterie und mit Kraftstoff betriebener Energiequelle) Antriebszwecken verwendet werden.
Diese Internationale Norm gilt für elektrische Antriebssysteme, die in den folgenden Bereichen einzeln oder in Kombination betrieben werden:
— Gleichstrom weniger als DC 1 500 V;
— einphasiger Wechselstrom bis zu AC 1 000 V;
— dreiphasiger Wechselstrom bis zu AC 1 000 V.
Diese Internationale Norm gilt für elektrische Antriebssysteme, die in kleinen Wasserfahrzeugen mit einer Rumpflänge von bis zu 24 m (LH nach ISO 8666) eingebaut sind.
Darüber hinaus führt diese Internationale Norm in Anhang A zusätzliche Informationen auf, die im Eignerhandbuch enthalten sein müssen, sowie in Anhang B zusätzliche Informationen, die dem Installateur bereitgestellt werden müssen.

Petits navires - Système de propulsion électrique (ISO 16315:2016, Version corrigée 2021-11)

L'ISO 16315:2016 porte sur la conception et l'installation des systèmes électriques à courant alternatif (a.c.) et à courant continu (d.c.) utilisés à des fins de propulsion électrique et/ou de propulsion électrique hybride (système comprenant à la fois une source d'énergie provenant d'une batterie d'accumulateur rechargeable et d'une source d'énergie à moteur thermique).
L'ISO 16315:2016 s'applique aux systèmes de propulsion électriques utilisés dans les plages suivantes, soit individuellement ou en combinaison: courant continu inférieur à 1 500 V d.c.; courant alternatif monophasé jusqu'à 1 000 V a.c; courant alternatif triphasé jusqu'à 1 000V a.c.
L'ISO 16315:2016 s'applique aux systèmes de propulsion électriques installés sur les petits navires de longueur de coque inférieure ou égale à 24 m (LH mesurée conformément à l'ISO 8666).

Mala plovila - Električni pogonski sistemi (ISO 16315:2016)

Ta mednarodni standard obravnava načrtovanje električnih sistemov z izmeničnim tokom (AC) in enosmernim tokom (DC), uporabljenih za namene električnega pogona in/ali električnega hibridnega (sistema z akumulatorjem za polnjenje in virom energije na gorivo) pogona.
Ta mednarodni standard se uporablja za električne pogonske sisteme, ki delujejo v naslednjih območjih, in sicer posamezno ali v kombinaciji:
– enosmerni tok, nižji od 1500 V DC;
– enofazni izmenični tok do 1000 V AC;
– trifazni izmenični tok do 1000 V AC.
Ta mednarodni standard se uporablja za električne pogonske sisteme, nameščene v majhna plovila z dolžino ladijskega trupa do 24 m (LH v skladu s standardom ISO 8666).
Ta mednarodni standard v dodatku A navaja tudi dodatne informacije, ki morajo biti vključene v navodila za uporabo, v dodatku B pa dodatne informacije, ki jih je treba posredovati izvajalcu namestitve.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
05-Apr-2016
Technical Committee
Drafting Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
06-Apr-2016
Completion Date
06-Apr-2016

Buy Standard

Standard
EN ISO 16315:2016 - BARVE na PDF-str 26
English language
35 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 16315:2016
01-junij-2016
0DODSORYLOD(OHNWULþQLSRJRQVNLVLVWHPL ,62
Small craft - Electric propulsion system (ISO 16315:2016)
Kleine Wasserfahrzeuge - Elektrische Antriebssysteme (ISO 16315:2016)
Petits navires - Système de propulsion électrique (ISO 16315:2016)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 16315:2016
ICS:
47.020.60 (OHNWULþQDRSUHPDODGLMLQ Electrical equipment of ships
NRQVWUXNFLMQDPRUMX and of marine structures
47.080 ýROQL Small craft
SIST EN ISO 16315:2016 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16315:2016
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16315:2016
EN ISO 16315
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2016
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 47.080
English Version
Small craft - Electric propulsion system (ISO 16315:2016)

Petits navires - Système de propulsion électrique (ISO Kleine Wasserfahrzeuge - Elektrische Antriebssysteme

16315:2016) (ISO 16315:2016)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 20 February 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 16315:2016 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16315:2016
EN ISO 16315:2016 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of Directive 2013/53/EU ................................................................................................ 4

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16315:2016
EN ISO 16315:2016 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 16315:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 188 "Small

craft"

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2016, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by October 2016.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 16315:2016 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 16315:2016 without any modification.

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16315:2016
EN ISO 16315:2016 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of Directive 2013/53/EU

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European

Commission to provide one means of conforming to Essential Requirements of the New Approach

Directive 2013/53/EU.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive and has

been implemented as a national standard in at least one member state, compliance with the normative

clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard, a

presumption of conformity with the relevant Essential Requirements of that Directive and associated

EFTA regulations.
Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and EU Directives
Clauses/sub-clauses of this Corresponding annexes/ Comments
European Standard paragraphs of Directive
2013/53/EU
Annex 1, Clause 5.3 – Electrical
System

2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10 Electrical systems shall be designed The normative references in

and installed so as to ensure proper Clause 2 of this standard are
operation of the watercraft under indispensable for its
normal conditions of use application
4.1, 4.13, 6, 8.5, 8.6 Electrical systems shall be designed
and installed so as to minimise risk of
fire and electric shock
4, 7 All electrical circuits, except engine
starting circuits supplied from
batteries, shall remain safe when
exposed to overload
4, 9, 10 Electric propulsion circuits shall not
interact with other circuits in such a
way that either would fail to operate
as intended
4.1, 8.5, Annex B(a) Ventilation shall be provided to
prevent the accumulation of
explosive gases which might be
emitted from batteries
8.1 Batteries shall be firmly secured and
protected from ingress of water
4.14, 5, Annex A Annex I, Clause 2.5 – Owner’s Clause 4.14, Figure 1 gives
Manual enclosure hazard markings
Clause 5 provides information
on system alerts and alarms to
be included in the owner’s
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16315:2016
EN ISO 16315:2016 (E)
manual
Annex A provides information
necessary for safe use of the
product drawing particular
attention to set up,
maintenance, regular
operation, the prevention of
risks and risk management

WARNING — Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling

within the scope of this standard.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16315:2016
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16315:2016
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 16315
First edition
2016-03-15
Small craft — Electric propulsion
system
Petits navires — Système de propulsion électrique
Reference number
ISO 16315:2016(E)
ISO 2016
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16315:2016
ISO 16315:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16315:2016
ISO 16315:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 General requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.2 Components of an electric propulsion system ............................................................................................................ 6

4.3 Electric propulsion systems......................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.4 Arrangements for other electrical equipment and circuits on-board a small
craft connected to a common energy source for both propulsion and general

electrical installation ......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.4.1 DC systems ............................................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.4.2 AC systems............................................................................................................................................................................. 8

4.5 Environmental factors ...................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.6 Electrical ratings .................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.7 Equipment ................................................................................................................................................................................................10

4.7.1 Transformers ...................................................................................................................................................................10

4.7.2 Converters ..........................................................................................................................................................................10

4.7.3 Motors ....................................................................................................................................................................................10

4.8 Enclosures ................................................................................................................................................................................................10

4.9 Identification of equipment and conductors .............................................................................................................10

4.10 Segregation of DC and AC systems ......................................................................................................................................11

4.11 Steering and throttle controls .................................................................................................................................................11

4.12 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)..............................................................................................................................11

4.13 Electrical equipment in the vicinity of battery banks ........................................................................................11

4.14 Hazardous areas .................................................................................................................................................................................11

5 Controls, monitoring, system alerts and trips alarms ................................................................................................12

5.1 Electrical/electronic controls for electric propulsion systems ..................................................................12

5.1.1 Controls .................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.1.2 Emergency stop .............................................................................................................................................................13

5.1.3 Fault trip reset.................................................................................................................................................................13

5.1.4 “Get you home” mode ...............................................................................................................................................13

5.2 Instruments, alerts and trip alarms ...................................................................................................................................13

5.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................13

5.2.2 Operating mode and status ..................................................................................................................................13

5.2.3 System alerts ....................................................................................................................................................................14

5.2.4 Fault trip alarms ............................................................................................................................................................14

6 Protection against electric shock .....................................................................................................................................................14

6.1 Protection against direct contact .........................................................................................................................................14

6.2 Automatic disconnection of supply to the electric propulsion system under fault-

to-earth conditions (earthed two wire DC systems and earthed neutral AC systems) .........14

6.3 Fault-to-earth monitoring and tripping arrangements for DC fully insulated

systems, DC 3-wire systems ......................................................................................................................................................15

6.4 Fault-to-earth tripping in AC non-neutral earthed systems (IT-type system) ..............................16

7 Protection against over-current ........................................................................................................................................................16

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.2 Characteristics of protective devices ................................................................................................................................16

7.3 Overcurrent devices in the outgoing circuit(s) from a battery ..................................................................17

8 Battery monitoring and installation .............................................................................................................................................17

8.1 General arrangements ...................................................................................................................................................................17

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16315:2016
ISO 16315:2016(E)

8.2 Isolation of battery packs or battery banks ................................................................................................................17

8.3 Operational switching of battery pack(s) or battery bank(s) .....................................................................18

8.4 Permanently energized circuits .............................................................................................................................................18

8.5 Ventilation ................................................................................................................................................................................................19

8.6 Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres ...........................................................................................19

9 Electrical installation ...................................................................................................................................................................................19

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................19

9.2 Segregation of electrical propulsion system cables .............................................................................................19

10 Testing ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................20

10.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................20

10.2 Earthing and bonding.....................................................................................................................................................................20

10.3 Insulation resistance .......................................................................................................................................................................20

10.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................20

10.3.2 DC electrical propulsion systems ...................................................................................................................20

10.3.3 AC electrical propulsion systems ....................................................................................................................20

10.3.4 Switchboards, panel boards and distribution boards ...................................................................20

10.3.5 Power and lighting final circuits......................................................................................................................21

10.3.6 Generators and motors............................................................................................................................................21

10.3.7 Transformers ...................................................................................................................................................................21

10.4 Electrical/electronic controls systems for propulsion motor control .................................................21

10.5 On load test and inspection of electrical propulsion systems, and associated switch

gear and control gear .....................................................................................................................................................................21

10.6 Voltage drop ...........................................................................................................................................................................................21

Annex A (normative) Information and instructions to be included in the owner’s manual ...................22

Annex B (normative) Installation documentation ..............................................................................................................................23

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................24

iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16315:2016
ISO 16315:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 188, Small craft, together with CEN/BT/WG 69,

Small craft and IEC/TC 18, Electrical installations of ships and of mobile and fixed offshore units.

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16315:2016
ISO 16315:2016(E)
Introduction

Electrical propulsion systems are becoming more common in recreational craft and other small craft

and propulsion system voltages of up to AC 1 000 V and DC 1 500 V are possible together with variable

speed drives operating at frequencies which differ from 50/60 Hz or DC.

Electric propulsion systems for small craft are generally designed and constructed from a number of

component parts many of which can be of proprietary origin and all of the electrical and control items

are interconnected by cables and operated as a system.

There are a significant number of electrical propulsion system architectures for small craft and the

main types are the following.

— DC sourced. The main power source is a propulsion battery which is either recharged from on-

board DC generators, or on-board AC generators/an AC shore supply through battery chargers. The

electric propulsion system(s) may be variable speed through a DC motor controller or AC through a

Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) or be fixed speed with a variable pitch propeller or other mechanical

means of providing thrust. The electric propulsion system may be electrically separate from other

electrical systems on board (e.g. be fully insulated via the motor controller, or be an AC IT system via

a VFD or motor starter). Or the electrical propulsion system may be integrated with the whole craft

DC electrical system using converters DC/DC, DC/AC to provide for different services/consumers.

— AC sourced. The main power source is AC generator(s) generally configured as TT, TN-C or TN-S.

The electric propulsion system(s) may be DC variable speed through a AC/DC converter and DC

motor controller, or AC through a VFD, or be fixed speed with a variable pitch propeller or other

mechanical means of providing thrust. The electric propulsion system may be DC fully insulated

system or be an AC IT system via a galvanically isolated VFD or via an isolating transformer. A DC

propulsion system(s) may be supported by propulsion battery.

— Also possible are hybrid systems similar to the types being introduced for road vehicles where the

source is an internal combustion engine providing, for example, energy to a relatively lightweight

energy storage system with power take-off via converters to propulsion motor(s) and other electrical

consumers.

It is essential that the electric propulsion system designer/installer be competent with all aspects

of the equipment included in the design of a particular system such that the component parts of the

propulsion system are integrated in a coherent and safe manner.

Current electrical standards for small craft of less than 24 m LH are the following:

a) ISO 10133 which is limited to recommendation for the design, construction and installation of

direct current systems that operate at a voltage of DC 50 V or less; and

b) ISO 13297 which is limited to single phase alternating current electrical systems less than AC 250 V.

Neither of these standards includes requirements for electrical propulsion systems.

c) IEC 60092-507 is applicable to small craft up to 50 m/500 GT and includes requirements for three-

phase systems not exceeding AC 500 V and single-phase systems not exceeding AC 250 V and for

DC systems and sub-systems not exceeding DC 50 V nominal, and includes a section on electric

propulsion systems.
vi © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16315:2016
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 16315:2016(E)
Small craft — Electric propulsion system
1 Scope

This International Standard addresses the design and installation of alternating current (AC) and direct

current (DC) electrical systems used for the purpose of electrical propulsion and/or electrical hybrid

(system with both a rechargeable battery and a fuelled power source) propulsion.

This International Standard applies to electrical propulsion systems operated in the following ranges

either individually or in combination:
— direct current of less than 1 500 V DC;
— single-phase alternating current up to AC 1 000 V;
— three-phase alternating current up to AC 1 000 V.

This International Standard applies to electrical propulsion systems installed in small craft up to 24 m

length of the hull (L according to ISO 8666).

This International Standard also lists in Annex A additional information to be included in the owner’s

manual as well as Annex B additional information to be provided to the installer.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 8846, Small craft — Electrical devices — Protection against ignition of surrounding flammable gases

ISO 9094, Small craft — Fire protection

ISO 10133:2012, Small craft — Electrical systems — Extra-low-voltage d.c. installations

ISO 10239, Small craft — Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) systems
ISO 10240, Small craft — Owner’s manual

ISO 11105, Small craft — Ventilation of petrol engine and/or petrol tank compartments

ISO 13297:2014, Small craft — Electrical systems — Alternating current installations

ISO 25197:2012, Small craft — Electrical/electr
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.