Geographic information - Profiles (ISO 19106:2004)

ISO 19106:2004 is intended to define the concept of a profile of the ISO geographic information standards developed by ISO/TC 211 and to provide guidance for the creation of such profiles. Only those components of specifications that meet the definition of a profile contained herein can be established and managed through the mechanisms described in this International Standard. These profiles can be standardized internationally using the ISO standardization process. This document also provides guidance for establishing, managing, and standardizing at the national level (or in some other forum).

Geoinformation - Profile (ISO 19106:2004)

Information géographique - Profils (ISO 19106:2004)

Geografske informacije - Profili (ISO 19106:2004)

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
29-Jun-2006
Withdrawal Date
29-Sep-2006
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Start Date
01-Mar-2006
Due Date
21-Sep-2006
Completion Date
01-Mar-2006

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 19106:2006
01-junij-2006
Geografske informacije - Profili (ISO 19106:2004)
Geographic information - Profiles (ISO 19106:2004)
Geoinformation - Profile (ISO 19106:2004)
Information géographique - Profils (ISO 19106:2004)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 19106:2006
ICS:
35.240.70 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in science
znanosti
SIST EN ISO 19106:2006 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 19106:2006
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SIST EN ISO 19106:2006
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 19106
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
March 2006
ICS 35.240.70
English Version
Geographic information - Profiles (ISO 19106:2004)

Information géographique - Profils (ISO 19106:2004) Geoinformation - Profile (ISO 19106:2004)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 16 February 2006.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,

Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,

Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2006 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 19106:2006: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 19106:2006
EN ISO 19106:2006 (E)
Foreword
The text of ISO 19106:2004 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 211

"Geographic information/Geomatics” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

and has been taken over as EN ISO 19106:2006 by Technical Committee CEN/TC 287
"Geographic Information", the secretariat of which is held by NEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of

an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2006, and conflicting national

standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by September 2006.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of

the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,

Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 19106:2004 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 19106:2006 without any

modifications.
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SIST EN ISO 19106:2006
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19106
First edition
2004-07-01
Geographic information — Profiles
Information géographique — Profils
Reference number
ISO 19106:2004(E)
ISO 2004
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SIST EN ISO 19106:2006
ISO 19106:2004(E)
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ii © ISO 2004 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19106:2006
ISO 19106:2004(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Conformance ......................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

4 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 2

5 Abbreviated term................................................................................................................................... 2

6 Context of profiles ................................................................................................................................ 3

7 Purpose of profiles ............................................................................................................................... 3

8 How profiles reference base standards.............................................................................................. 3

8.1 Relationship to base standards........................................................................................................... 3

8.2 Use of references .................................................................................................................................. 4

9 Content of a profile ............................................................................................................................... 5

9.1 General principles of content of profiles............................................................................................ 5

9.2 Characteristics of a profile................................................................................................................... 5

9.3 Elements of a profile............................................................................................................................. 5

10 Conformance requirements of a profile.............................................................................................. 6

10.1 Conformance conditions...................................................................................................................... 6

10.2 Relationship to base standard conformance requirements............................................................. 7

11 Identification of profiles ....................................................................................................................... 7

12 Structure of a profile document .......................................................................................................... 8

12.1 Principles ............................................................................................................................................... 8

12.2 Multi-part profiles.................................................................................................................................. 8

12.3 Format and structure of a profile ........................................................................................................ 8

13 Profile preparation and adoption ........................................................................................................ 9

Annex A (normative) Abstract test suite for conformance to ISO 19106 ................................................... 10

Annex B (informative) Examples of profiles .................................................................................................. 13

Annex C (normative) Conformance methodology ........................................................................................ 31

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 32

© ISO 2004 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 19106:2006
ISO 19106:2004(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 19106 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 211, Geographic information/Geomatics.

iv © ISO 2004 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19106:2006
ISO 19106:2004(E)
Introduction

The ISO geographic information standards define a variety of models for describing, managing, and

processing of geospatial data. Some of these standards are creating elements, others are introducing

structures and rules. Different user communities have different requirements for the extent they want to use or

implement these elements and rules. Clearly identification and documentation of specific subsets of the ISO

geographic information standards in a prescribed manner in conformance with these standards profiles are

needed.

Some of the ISO geographic information standards are abstract and hence will not be implemented directly.

To implement them, a specification must be created, which may consist of a choice from the options defined in

one or more of the standards, or instances of the rules defined in one or more of the standards or a

combination thereof. Not all of the components of the specification for an implementation of the ISO

geographic information standards will be derived entirely from the ISO standards. This document focuses on

the definition and creation of those components that are derived entirely from the ISO geographic information

standards.

An ISO geographic information profile is a subset of one or several of the ISO geographic information

standards. For example, there may be a profile from ISO 19115 developed to serve a particular application

area such as cadastral mapping. The profile would consist of a choice of the metadata elements available in

ISO 19115. ISO 19115 would serve as a base standard for the development of the profile. An example for a

base standard only introducing a methodology is given by ISO 19110. It contains methods for creating feature

and attribute definitions. A profile of ISO 19110 would not contain instances of feature definitions, since there

are no instances in the base standard from which to choose. A profile of ISO 19110 would contain only a

subset of the rules and methods found in that standard.

The management of specifications or components of specifications that do not meet the definition of a profile

is outside the scope of this International Standard. Each national standardization body or standards-setting

1) 2)

organization, such as DGIWG or IHO can develop profiles for its own purposes. These organizations may

follow this International Standard in creating such profiles, but those profiles do not become ISO geographic

information profiles. If feature catalogues are considered, it is easy to see that there could be any number of

catalogues developed using the ISO 19110 methodology. By applying the mechanisms of this International

Standard to define a profile of ISO 19110 will guarantee that the resulting feature definitions contain the same

components and are catalogued in a like manner, but it will not guarantee that the definitions of features and

attributes within the catalogue are not conflicting. The catalogues will be consistent, but the definitions they

contain will not. Each standards-setting organization or national body that develops a feature catalogue could

define ‘roads’ or ‘rivers’ or ‘administrative boundaries’ differently. For this reason, specifications for

implementing ISO geographic information standards, which are or contain specific instances of rules or

methodologies and which are not derived entirely from the ISO geographic information standards, are treated

differently from profiles. This document does not focus on those implementations that are not profiles.

Geographic information systems and software developers are expected to create implementations for specific

purposes that make use of a limited set of concepts from the ISO geographic information standards. These

sets of concepts will be implemented in a specific technical implementation environment, for example, one of

the distributed computing platforms, such as CORBA, or the World Wide Web environment. Since the

standardization of specific computing environments is outside the scope of ISO/TC 211, specifications that

address the implementation of ISO geographic standards in those environments will not be considered as ISO

geographic information profiles of ISO/TC 211, but as independent specifications.

1) DGIWG - Digital Geographic Information Working Group - Category A liaison organization to ISO/TC 211.

2) IHO - International Hydrographic Organization - Category A liaison organization to ISO/TC 211.

© ISO 2004 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 19106:2006
ISO 19106:2004(E)

This International Standard does not address the creation of specifications for implementing ISO geographic

standards in specific technical implementation environments.

ISO 19109 defines the rules for the development of an application schema, including how the elements of

conceptual schemas defined in other ISO geographic information standards are combined in an application

schema. ISO 19109 guides the creation of application schemas, which is outside the scope of ISO 19106. An

application schema by definition is not a profile but may integrate subsets of standardized schemas that are

profiles.

Two classes of conformance are defined in this International Standard (see Clause 2).

vi © ISO 2004 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19106:2006
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 19106:2004(E)
Geographic information — Profiles
1 Scope

This International Standard is intended to define the concept of a profile of the ISO geographic information

standards developed by ISO/TC 211 and to provide guidance for the creation of such profiles. Only those

components of specifications that meet the definition of a profile contained herein can be established and

managed through the mechanisms described in this International Standard. These profiles can be

standardized internationally using the ISO standardization process. This document also provides guidance for

establishing, managing, and standardizing at the national level (or in some other forum).

2 Conformance
Two classes of conformance are defined in this International Standard.

Conformance class 1 is satisfied when a profile is established as a pure subset of the ISO geographic

information standards, possibly together with other ISO standards. Such a profile may be processed in

accordance with the rules defined in this International Standard as an ISO geographic information standard in

its own right.

Conformance class 2 allows profiles to include extensions within the context permitted in the base standard

and permits the profiling of non-ISO geographic information standards as parts of profiles. When such a profile

adds any information that is not covered in a base ISO geographic information standard or other ISO standard,

then the profile will not be processed as an ISO geographic information standard but may be established

under the authority of the standards organization, member body or liaison organization making the profile.

Any profile claiming conformance to this International Standard shall satisfy all the requirements found in the

abstract test suite found in Annex A in accordance with the conformance class chosen.

3 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including amendments) applies.
ISO 19101:2002, Geographic information ― Reference model
ISO 19105:2000, Geographic information ― Conformance and testing

ISO/IEC TR 10000-1:1998, Information technology ― Framework and taxonomy of International Standardized

Profiles ― Part 1: General principles and documentation framework

ISO/IEC TR 10000-3:1998, Information technology ― Framework and taxonomy of International Standardized

Profiles ― Part 3: Principles and Taxonomy for Open System Environment Profiles
© ISO 2004 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 19106:2006
ISO 19106:2004(E)

ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2: Rules for the structure and drafting of International Standards

NOTE 1 ISO/IEC TR 10000-1:1998 describes the methodology for profiles used in ISO/IEC JTC 1. Much of this

Technical Report is applicable to the work in ISO/TC 211 and sections of this document have been adapted to apply to the

requirements of ISO/TC 211 under the context of the ISO/IEC Directives.

NOTE 2 ISO/IEC TR 10000-1:1998 has a special status in ISO and may be referenced normatively, even though it is a

Technical Report.
4 Terms and definitions
For the purpose of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
4.1
abstract test suite
ATS

abstract test module specifying all the requirements to be satisfied for conformance

[ISO 19105]
4.2
base standard

ISO geographic information standard or other information technology standard that isused as a source from

which a profile may be constructed
4.3
Implementation Conformance Statement
ICS
statement of specification options that have been implemented
[ISO 19105]
4.4
open systems environment
OSE

comprehensive set of interfaces, services and supporting formats, plus user aspects, for interoperability

and/or portability of applications, data, or people, as specified by information technology standards and

profiles
[ISO/IEC TR 10000-1:1998]
4.5
profile

set of one or more base standards or subsets of base standards, and, where applicable, the identification of

chosen clauses, classes, options and parameters of those base standards, that are necessary for

accomplishing a particular function
[adapted from ISO/IEC TR 10000-1:1998]

NOTE A profile is derived from base standards so that by definition, conformance to a profile is conformance to the

base standards from which it is derived.
5 Abbreviated term
ISP International Standardized Profile

NOTE ISP is an ISO/IEC JTC 1 abbreviation used here to refer to an ISP in ISO/IEC JTC 1.

2 © ISO 2004 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19106:2006
ISO 19106:2004(E)
6 Context of profiles

ISO is developing a series of geographic information standards, the ISO 19100 series, that address the entire

field of geographic information. These International Standards may be used singularly or together to address

the needs of specific applications. The ISO geographic information series of standards is flexible in allowing a

large number of options that may be tailored to suit any application.

Flexible standards are important because they allow many different situations to be modelled. Essentially the

ISO geographic information series of standards provides rules and the components that can be applied and

assembled to address virtually any application related to geographic information. Most of the ISO geographic

information standards define rules for modelling certain aspects of geographic information. Some of the

standards define explicit components, such as metadata elements for geographic information. Others of the

standards give support that provides consistency across the series of standards. Several of the standards

define the way that these components or the results of the application of the rules can be assembled.

ISO 19109 defines the rules for the development of an application schema, which may include reference to

elements from other of the ISO 19100 series of standards.

A profile may consist of a choice from the clauses, classes, options and parameters of base standards, or

other profiles. This International Standard describes the procedures for the development of profiles.

Registration is outside the scope of this International Standard. Examples of profiles are given in Annex B.

Clause 7 describes the purpose of profiles. Clause 8 describes how profiles reference base standards.

Clause 9 describes the content of a profile and Clause 10 describes conformance requirements. Clause 11

describes the method for identifying profiles. Clause 12 describes the structure of documentation for profiles.

Clause 13 describes the procedures for the preparation and adoption of profiles. Annex A describes the

abstract test suite for conformance to ISO 19106. Annex B presents examples of profiles, Annex C describes

the conformance methodology.
7 Purpose of profiles

Profiles define combinations of elements derived from a set of one or more base standards for the following

purposes:

 identifying those base standards, together with appropriate classes, conforming subsets, options and

parameters, which are necessary to accomplish identified functions for purposes such as interoperability;

 providing a means to enhance the availability of consistent implementations of functionally defined groups

of base standards, which are expected to be the major components of real application systems;

 promoting uniformity in the development of conformance tests for systems that implement the

functionality of profiles.

A profile shall provide a clear identification of the specific user requirements that are satisfied by that profile.

8 How profiles reference base standards
8.1 Relationship to base standards

Some base standards provide options allowing for a variety of applications. Base standards may also be

combined in various ways in different applications. Profiles promote integration of base standards by defining

how to use a combination of base standards for a given functional environment.

Profiles shall not contradict base standards, but may make choices where options and ranges of values are

available.
© ISO 2004 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 19106:2006
ISO 19106:2004(E)
8.2 Use of references
8.2.1 Normative references

Profiles shall comply with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2, in their use of normative references.

To meet conformance class 1, a profile shall make normative references only to base standards and other

profiles standardized internationally under this International Standard and ISPs or standards standardized

under the rules of ISO/IEC JTC 1.

References may be made to ISO/IEC Technical Reports under the following conditions.

 No base standard addressing the requirement is available.

 The use is identified and a document explaining why the reference is needed is written and supplied with

the proposed draft for a profile, justifying that use.

 ISO/TC 211 or other ISO/IEC body responsible for that Technical Report agrees that a normative

reference is an appropriate use of that Technical Report.
 National Bodies approve the usage in the draft ballot.
[Adapted from ISO/IEC TR 10000-1:1998, 6.1.2]

To meet conformance class 2, a profile may also make normative references to material defined outside of

ISO/TC 211 or ISO/IEC JTC 1; however, such a profile will not be processed as an ISO geographic

information standard (see Clause 11).
8.2.2 Informative references

It may be useful to make informative references in a profile, and these informative references shall be listed in

the bibliography.

In those cases where a required element of functionality that does not exist in an approved base standard

needs to be described, the profile shall be drafted in such a way that it clearly identifies what required

functionality is missing from the profile. In addition, the profile may make informative reference to examples of

possible specifications which the user of the profile may choose to implement in conjunction with the profile to

complete the desired function [adapted from ISO/IEC TR 10000-1:1998, 6.1.4 c].

Within a profile, references to national standards shall be placed within informative text, or in a separate

informative annex. Reference shall be made to the body responsible for the distribution and maintenance of

the standard.

Informative references may be made to provide background material helpful in understanding the profile.

NOTE These rules parallel those given in ISO/IEC TR 10000-1:1998.

Profiles developed at the national or industrial level, or developed in other international committees may make

normative and informative reference to ISO-defined base standards and profiles that have been assigned ISO

numbers. They may also make reference to national standards or industrial specifications in accordance with

the rules defined by the body developing the profile.
4 © ISO 2004 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19106:2006
ISO 19106:2004(E)
9 Content of a profile
9.1 General principles of content of profiles

A profile makes explicit any relationships that may exist within a set of base standards used together

(relationships which can be implicit in the definitions of the base standards themselves), and may also specify

particular details of each base standard being used.

A profile may refer to other profiles in order to reference functions and interfaces defined by them, and thus

limit its own direct reference to base standards. The registration of profiles allows them to be explicitly

referenced (normatively or informatively) within other profiles. Profiles of ISO/TC 211 base standards at

conformance class 1 will receive ISO standard numbers, which will serve as the registration for these

standards (see Clause 11).
9.2 Characteristics of a profile
A profile

a) may restrict the choice of options defined in base standards to the extent necessary to achieve the

objective of the profile. A profile may retain base standard options as options of the profile;

b) shall not specify any requirements that would contradict or result in non-conformance to the base

standards to which it refers;

c) may contain conformance requirements which are more specific and limited in scope than those of the

base standard to which it refers.

Thus, by definition, conformance to a profile implies conformance to the set of base standards to which it

refers. However, conformance to that set of base standards does not necessarily imply conformance to the

profile [adapted from ISO/IEC TR 10000-1:1998].
9.3 Elements of a profile
9.3.1 A profile shall comprise the follo
...

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