Bituminous mixtures - Test methods - Part 18: Binder drainage

This draft European Standard describes two test methods:
-   basket method (see Clause 4),
-   beaker method (see Clause 5).
The basket method describes a method for determining binder drainage of bituminous mixtures. This method directly measures binder drainage, but when carried out on bituminous mixtures with fibres or mixtures whose mortar content is higher than in porous asphalt some clogging of the holes in the drainage baskets can occur, limiting the drainage of the binder. The basket method can be used either for determining the binder drainage for different binder content, or with a single binder content, eliminating the successive repetitions. It also enables the effects of varying fine aggregate types or including any anti-draining additive to be quantified.
The beaker method describes a method for determining binder drainage of bituminous mixtures. It is applicable to asphalt materials that are not porous asphalt or for porous asphalt incorporating fibres. It can be used either for determining the binder drainage for different binder content, or with a single binder content, eliminating the successive repetitions. It also enables the effects of varying fine aggregate types or including any anti-draining additive to be quantified.

Asphalt - Prüfverfahren - Teil 18: Bestimmung des Ablaufens

Diese Europäische Norm beschreibt zwei Prüfverfahren:
-   das Korbverfahren (siehe Abschnitt 4);
-   das Becherglasverfahren (siehe Abschnitt 5).
Das Korbverfahren beschreibt ein Verfahren zur Bestimmung des Bindemittelablaufens von Asphalt. Bei diesem Verfahren wird das Bindemittelablaufen direkt gemessen, allerdings können bei der Durchführung an faserhaltigen Asphalten oder Asphalten, deren Mörtelgehalt höher als der von offenporigem Asphalt ist, die Löcher der Ablaufkörbe bis zu einem gewissen Grad verstopft werden, wodurch das Bindemittelablaufen begrenzt wird. Das Korbverfahren kann entweder für die Bestimmung des Bindemittelablaufens bei unter¬schiedlichen Bindemittelgehalten angewendet werden oder, bei nur einem Bindemittelgehalt, unter Auslassung der nachfolgenden Wiederholungen. Es ermöglicht auch die Quantifizierung der Auswirkungen unterschiedlicher Feinkornanteile oder der Zugabe von stabilisierenden Zusätzen.
Das Becherglasverfahren beschreibt ein Verfahren zur Bestimmung des Bindemittelablaufens von Asphalt. Es ist auf Asphalt Baustoffe, die keinen offenporigen Asphalt enthalten, und auf faserhaltige offenporige Asphalte enthalten, anwendbar. Es kann entweder für die Bestimmung des Bindemittelablaufens bei unter¬schiedlichen Bindemittelgehalten angewendet werden oder, bei nur einem Bindemittelgehalt, unter Aus¬lassung der folgenden Wiederholungen. Es ermöglicht auch die Quantifizierung der Auswirkungen unter¬schiedlicher Feinkornanteile oder der Zugabe von stabilisierenden Zusätzen.

Mélanges bitumineux - Méthodes d'essai - Partie 18: Egouttage du liant

Bitumenske zmesi - Preskusne metode - 18. del: Odtekanje veziva

Ta osnutek evropskega standarda opisuje dve preskusni metodi:
– metoda s košaro (glej točko 4),
– metoda s čašo (glej točko 5).
Metoda s košaro opisuje metodo za ugotavljanje odtekanja veziva v bitumenskih zmeseh. S to metodo se neposredno meri odtekanje veziva, vendar ko se izvaja za bitumenske zmesi z vlakni ali zmesi, pri katerih je vsebnost malte višja kot pri poroznih asfaltnih mešanicah, lahko pride do zamašitve lukenj odtočnih košar, kar omejuje odtekanje veziva. Metoda s košaro se lahko uporablja za ugotavljanje odtekanja veziva pri vsebnosti različnih veziv ali vsebnosti enega veziva, kar zmanjšuje zaporedne ponovitve. Omogoča tudi učinke različnih vrst drobnih agregatov ali vključuje kvantifikacijo katerega koli aditiva proti odtekanju.
Metoda s čašo opisuje metodo za ugotavljanje odtekanja veziva v bitumenskih zmeseh. Uporablja se za asfaltne materiale, ki niso porozne asfaltne mešanice, ali za porozne asfaltne mešanice z vlakni. Uporablja se lahko za ugotavljanje odtekanja veziva pri vsebnosti različnih veziv ali vsebnosti enega veziva, kar zmanjšuje zaporedne ponovitve. Omogoča tudi učinke različnih vrst drobnih agregatov ali vključuje kvantifikacijo katerega koli aditiva proti odtekanju.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
27-Jun-2017
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
28-Jun-2017
Completion Date
28-Jun-2017

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Bitumenske zmesi - Preskusne metode - 18. del: Odtekanje vezivaAsphalt - Prüfverfahren - Teil 18: Bestimmung des AblaufensMélanges bitumineux - Méthodes d'essai - Partie 18: Egouttage du liantBituminous mixtures - Test methods - Part 18: Binder drainage93.080.20Materiali za gradnjo cestRoad construction materials91.100.50Veziva. Tesnilni materialiBinders. Sealing materialsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 12697-18:2017SIST EN 12697-18:2017en,fr,de01-september-2017SIST EN 12697-18:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 12697-18:20051DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 12697-18:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 12697-18
June
t r s y ICS
{ uä r z rä t r Supersedes EN
s t x { yæ s zã t r r vEnglish Version
Bituminous mixtures æ Test methods æ Part
s zã Binder drainage Mélanges bitumineux æ Méthodes d 5essai æ Partie
s zã Egouttage du liant
Asphalt æ Prüfverfahren æ Teil
s zã Bestimmung des Ablaufens This European Standard was approved by CEN on
t v April
t r s yä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s y CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s t x { yæ s zã t r s y ESIST EN 12697-18:2017

EN 12697-18:2017 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7 4 Basket method ................................................................................................................................................. 7 4.1 Principle ............................................................................................................................................................. 7 4.2 Materials ............................................................................................................................................................. 8 4.3 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................... 8 4.4 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................... 9 4.5 Calculation and expression of results ...................................................................................................... 9 4.5.1 For each mixture, calculate the drained material BD from .............................................................. 9 4.6 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 10 4.7 Precision .......................................................................................................................................................... 10 5 Beaker method .............................................................................................................................................. 11 5.1 Principle .......................................................................................................................................................... 11 5.2 Materials .......................................................................................................................................................... 11 5.3 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 11 5.4 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 11 5.5 Calculation and expression of results ................................................................................................... 12 5.6 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 13 5.7 Precision .......................................................................................................................................................... 13

SIST EN 12697-18:2017

EN 12697-18:2017 (E) 3 European foreword This document (EN 12697-18:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 227 “Road materials”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2017, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2017. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 12697-18:2004. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. Compared with EN 12697-18:2004, the following changes have been made: a) the standard title no longer makes the method exclusively for hot mix asphalt; b) the Schellenberg method renamed to the beaker method c) in the basket method number of trays reduced to two; d) in the basket test allowance for fibres made in the calculation; e) reference to EN 12697-35 in 4.4.1 and 5.4.1 addressed as “reference compaction temperature” as given in new edition of EN 12697-35; f) symbols has been amended in accordance with CEN-Regulations; g) [4.5.1] the symbol for drained material has been changed from D to BD in order to be consistent with latest versions of EN 13108-5:2016 and EN 13108-7:2016. NOTE 2 added for explanation; h) [5.5.1] the symbol for drained material has been changed from D to BD in order to be consistent with latest versions of EN 13108-5:2016 and EN 13108-7:2016. This European standard is one of a series of standards as listed below: — EN 12697-1, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 1: Soluble binder content — EN 12697-2, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods — Part 2: Determination of particle size distribution — EN 12697-3, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 3: Bitumen recovery: Rotary evaporator — EN 12697-4, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods — Part 4: Bitumen recovery: Fractionating column SIST EN 12697-18:2017

EN 12697-18:2017 (E) 4 — EN 12697-5, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 5: Determination of the maximum density — EN 12697-6, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 6: Determination of bulk density of bituminous specimens — EN 12697-7, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 7: Determination of bulk density of bituminous specimens by gamma rays — EN 12697-8, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 8: Determination of void characteristics of bituminous specimens — EN 12697-10, Bituminous mixtures —Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 10: Compactability — EN 12697-11, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 11: Determination of the affinity between aggregate and bitumen — EN 12697-12, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 12: Determination of the water sensitivity of bituminous specimens — EN 12697-13, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 13: Temperature measurement — EN 12697-14, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 14: Water content — EN 12697-15, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 15: Determination of the segregation sensitivity — EN 12697-16, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods — Part 16: Abrasion by studded tyres — EN 12697-17, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods — Part 17: Particle loss of porous asphalt specimen — EN 12697-18, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods — Part 18: Binder drainage — EN 12697-19, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 19: Permeability of specimen — EN 12697-20, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 20: Indentation using cube or cylindrical specimens (CY) — EN 12697-21, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 21: Indentation using plate specimens — EN 12697-22, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 22: Wheel tracking — EN 12697-23, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 23: Determination of the indirect tensile strength of bituminous specimens — EN 12697-24, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 24: Resistance to fatigue — EN 12697-25, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods — Part 25: Cyclic compression test SIST EN 12697-18:2017

EN 12697-18:2017 (E) 5 — EN 12697-26, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 26: Stiffness — EN 12697-27, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods — Part 27: Sampling — EN 12697-28, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 28: Preparation of samples for determining binder content, water content and grading — EN 12697-29, Bituminous mixtures — Test method for hot mix asphalt — Part 29: Determination of the dimensions of a bituminous specimen — EN 12697-30, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 30: Specimen preparation by impact compactor — EN 12697-31, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 31: Specimen preparation by gyratory compactor — EN 12697-32, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 32: Laboratory compaction of bituminous mixtures by vibratory compactor — EN 12697-33, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 33: Specimen prepared by roller compactor — EN 12697-34, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 34: Marshall test — EN 12697-35, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods — Part 35: Laboratory mixing — EN 12697-36, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 36: Determination of the thickness of a bituminous pavement — EN 12697-37, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 37: Hot sand test for the adhesivity of binder on precoated chippings for HRA — EN 12697-38, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 38: Common equipment and calibration — EN 12697-39, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 39: Binder content by ignition — EN 12697-40, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 40: In situ drainability — EN 12697-41, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 41: Resistance to de-icing fluids — EN 12697-42, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 42: Amount of foreign matter in reclaimed asphalt — EN 12697-43, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 43: Resistance to fuel — EN 12697-44, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 44: Crack propagation by semi-circular bending test — EN 12697-45, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 45: Saturation Ageing Tensile Stiffness (SATS) conditioning test SIST EN 12697-18:2017

EN 12697-18:2017 (E) 6 — EN 12697-46, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 46: Low temperature cracking and properties by uniaxial tension tests — EN 12697-47, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 47: Determination of the ash content of natural asphalts — prEN 12697-48, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 48: Interlayer Bonding — EN 12697-49, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods for hot mix asphalt — Part 49: Determination of friction after polishing — CEN/TS 12697-50, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods — Part 50: Resistance to scuffing — prCEN/TS 12697-51, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods — Part 51: Surface shear strength test — prCEN/TS 12697-52, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods — Part 52: Conditioning to address oxidative ageing — prEN 12697-53, Bituminous mixtures — Test methods — Part 53: Cohesion increase by spreadability-meter method According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 12697-18:2017

EN 12697-18:2017 (E) 7 1 Scope This European Standard describes two test methods: — basket method (see Clause 4); — beaker method (see Clause 5). The basket method describes a method for determining binder drainage of bituminous mixtures. This method directly measures binder drainage, but when carried out on bituminous mixtures with fibres or mix

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