Copper and copper alloys - Plumbing fittings - Part 2: Compression fittings for use with copper tubes

This document specifies product characteristics, assessment methods, compliance criteria of the test results and a designation system for compression fittings for connecting with copper tubes. Compression fittings exist with sealing elements - metallic and/or non-metallic - called non manipulative (commonly referenced as type A) and without sealing elements, called manipulative (commonly referenced as type B). For the purposes of joining copper tubes, the fitting ends have a nominal diameter from 6 mm to 108 mm. The compression fittings are designed for a service lifetime up to fifty years.
The fittings are used up to the operating temperatures and corresponding maximum operating pressures as indicated in Annex A.
This document applies to copper alloy fittings. A non-exhaustive list of these copper alloys is given in CEN/TS 13388.
Compression fitting ends, Type A, are used with copper tubes to EN 1057 in all material hardness conditions.
Compression fittings, Type A, will possibly require an internal support when used with R220 (annealed) copper tube and the manufacturer’s advice should be sought.
Compression fitting ends, Type B, are used with R220 (annealed) or R250 (half-hard) copper tube to EN 1057.
Compression fittings, Type B, may be used with R290 (hard) copper tube and the manufacturer’s advice should be sought.
Adaptor fittings for use with copper tubes may combine compression ends with fitting ends defined in the other parts of EN 1254.
Compression fittings for use with copper tubes may also have flanged end connections according to EN 1092-3.
Compression fittings for use with copper tubes may also have a plated or other decorative surface coating.
Fittings can be produced by machining, metal forming, casting, or fabrication.
Products covered by this document are intended to be used in:
a) liquid applications:
- hot, cold or combined hot and cold water, including systems according to EN 806;
- closed heating systems according to EN 12828;
- cooling systems.
b) drainage systems:
- fire protection systems including sprinkler systems according to EN 12845;
- supply systems for points of consumption with liquid fuels according to EN 12514.
c) gas applications:
- natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas systems with a maximum operating pressure less than or equal to 5 bar according to EN 1775;
- compressed air systems.

Kupfer und Kupferlegierungen - Fittings - Teil 2: Klemmverbinder für Kupferrohre

Dieses Dokument legt Produkteigenschaften, Bewertungsverfahren, Übereinstimmungskriterien der Prüfergebnisse und ein Bezeichnungssystem für Klemmverbinder zum Verbinden mit Kupferrohren fest. Klemmverbinder gibt es mit Dichtelementen (metallisch und/oder nichtmetallisch), bezeichnet als nicht manipulativ (bzw. Typ A), und ohne Dichtelemente, bezeichnet als manipulativ (bzw. Typ B). Zum Verbinden von Kupferrohren haben die Fittingenden einen Nenndurchmesser von 6 mm bis 108 mm. Die Klemmverbinder sind für eine Lebensdauer von bis zu fünfzig Jahren ausgelegt.
Die Fittings werden bis zu den in Anhang A angegebenen Betriebstemperaturen und entsprechenden maximalen Betriebsdrücken eingesetzt.
Dieses Dokument ist anzuwenden für Fittings aus Kupferlegierungen. Eine nicht vollständige Liste dieser Kupferlegierungen ist in CEN/TS 13388 enthalten.
Klemmverbinder Typ A werden mit Kupferrohren nach EN 1057 in allen Härtezuständen eingesetzt.
Klemmverbinder Typ A erfordern unter Umständen eine Stützhülse bei Einsatz von Kupferrohr R220 (weich) und der Rat des Herstellers sollte eingeholt werden.
Klemmverbinder Typ B werden mit Kupferrohr R220 (weich) oder Kupferrohr R250 (halbhart) nach EN 1057 eingesetzt.
Klemmverbinder Typ B dürfen mit Kupferrohr R290 (hart) eingesetzt werden und der Rat des Herstellers sollte eingeholt werden.
Übergangsfittings für Kupferrohre dürfen Klemmverbindungen mit in den anderen Teilen der EN 1254 definierten Fittingenden kombinieren.
Klemmverbinder für Kupferrohre dürfen auch Flanschendanschlüsse nach EN 1092 3 aufweisen.
Klemmverbinder für Kupferrohre dürfen auch galvanische oder andere dekorative Oberflächenüberzüge aufweisen.
Fittings können durch maschinelles Bearbeiten, Umformen, Gießen oder Fügen von Vormaterial hergestellt werden.
Die unter dieses Dokument fallenden Produkte sind für den Einsatz bestimmt in:
a)   Flüssigkeitsanwendungen:
   warmes, kaltes oder kombiniertes Warm- und Kaltwasser, einschließlich Systeme nach EN 806;
   geschlossene Heizungsanlagen nach EN 12828;
   Kühlsysteme;
b)   Entwässerungssysteme;
   Brandbekämpfungsanlagen einschließlich Sprinkleranlagen nach EN 12845;
   Versorgungsanlagen für Verbrauchsstellen mit flüssigen Brennstoffen nach EN 12514.
c)   Gasanwendungen:
   Erdgas- und Flüssiggasanlagen mit einem maximalen Betriebsdruck von weniger als oder gleich 5 bar nach EN 1775;
   Druckluftsysteme.

Cuivre et alliages de cuivre - Raccords - Partie 2 : Raccords à compression pour tubes en cuivre

Le présent document spécifie les caractéristiques de produits, les méthodes d'évaluation, les critères de
conformité des résultats d'essais et un système de désignation pour les raccords à compression pour le
raccordement de tubes en cuivre. Les raccords à compression existent avec des éléments d'étanchéité,
métalliques et/ou non métalliques, dits sans manipulation (communément référencés de type A) et sans
éléments d'étanchéité, dits à manipulation (communément référencés de type B). Pour l'assemblage de
tubes en cuivre, les extrémités de raccords ont un diamètre nominal compris entre 6 mm et 108 mm. Les
raccords à compression sont conçus pour une durée de vie en service supérieure à 50 ans.
Les raccords sont utilisés jusqu'aux températures de service et aux pressions maximales de service
correspondantes indiquées à l'Annexe A.
Le présent document s'applique aux raccords en alliage de cuivre. Une liste non exhaustive de ces alliages
de cuivre figure dans la CEN/TS 13388.
Les extrémités de raccords à compression de Type A sont utilisées avec les tubes en cuivre selon
l’EN 1057, dans toutes les conditions de dureté du matériau.
Les raccords à compression de Type A peuvent nécessiter un support interne lorsqu'ils sont utilisés avec
un tube en cuivre R220 (recuit) et il convient de demander conseil auprès du fabricant.
Les extrémités de raccords à compression de Type B sont uniquement utilisées avec les tubes en cuivre
R220 (recuits) ou R250 (demi-durs) selon l’EN 1057.
Les raccords à compression de Type B peuvent être utilisés avec un tube en cuivre R290 (dur) et il
convient de demander conseil auprès du fabricant.
Les raccords adaptateurs utilisés avec des tubes en cuivre peuvent combiner des extrémités à
compression avec des extrémités de raccord définies dans les autres parties de l’EN 1254.
Les raccords à compression pour tubes en cuivre peuvent également comporter des raccordements à
brides conformément à l’EN 1092-3.
Les raccords à compression pour tubes en cuivre peuvent également avoir une surface plaquée ou un
autre revêtement de surface décoratif.
Les raccords peuvent être fabriqués par usinage, formage des métaux, moulage ou mécanosoudage.
Les raccords peuvent être fabriqués par usinage, formage des métaux, moulage ou mécanosoudage.
Les produits couverts par le présent document sont destinés à être utilisés dans :
a) les applications liq- les systèmes d'eau chaude, d'eau froide ou d'eau chaude et d'eau froide combinées, y compris les
systèmes conformes à l’EN 806 ;
- les systèmes de chauffage fermés conformes à l'EN 12828 ;
- les systèmes de refroidissement ;
b) les systèmes de purge ;
- les systèmes de protection contre l'incendie, y compris les systèmes d'extinction de type
sprinkleur conformes à l’EN 12845 ;
- les systèmes d'approvisionnement des points de consommation en combustibles liquides
conformes au FprEN 12514:2020.
c) les applications de gaz :
- les systèmes fonctionnant au gaz naturel et des systèmes fonctionnant au gaz de pétrole liquéfiés
avec une pression maximale de service inférieure ou égale à 5 bar, conformément à l'EN 1775 ;
- les systèmes d’air comprimé.

Baker in bakrove zlitine - Fitingi - 2. del: Fitingi z nakrčenima priključkoma za spajanje z bakrenimi cevmi

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
25-May-2021
Withdrawal Date
29-Nov-2021
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Start Date
26-May-2021
Due Date
26-Nov-2020
Completion Date
26-May-2021

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Standards Content (Sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1254-2:2021
01-julij-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 1254-2:1999
Baker in bakrove zlitine - Fitingi - 2. del: Fitingi z nakrčenima priključkoma za
spajanje z bakrenimi cevmi
Copper and copper alloys - Plumbing fittings - Part 2: Compression fittings for use with
copper tubes
Kupfer und Kupferlegierungen - Fittings - Teil 2: Klemmverbinder für Kupferrohre
Cuivre et alliages de cuivre - Raccords - Partie 2 : Raccords à compression pour tubes
en cuivre
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1254-2:2021
ICS:
23.040.40 Kovinski fitingi Metal fittings
77.150.30 Bakreni izdelki Copper products
SIST EN 1254-2:2021 en,fr,de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 1254-2:2021

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SIST EN 1254-2:2021


EN 1254-2
EUROPEAN STANDARD

NORME EUROPÉENNE

May 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 23.040.40 Supersedes EN 1254-2:1998
English Version

Copper and copper alloys - Plumbing fittings - Part 2:
Compression fittings for use with copper tubes
Cuivre et alliages de cuivre - Raccords - Partie 2 : Kupfer und Kupferlegierungen - Fittings - Teil 2:
Raccords à compression pour tubes en cuivre Klemmverbinder für Kupferrohre
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 23 November 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this
European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references
concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN
member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by
translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management
Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,
Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and
United Kingdom.





EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION

EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels
© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1254-2:2021 E
worldwide for CEN national Members.

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SIST EN 1254-2:2021
EN 1254-2:2021 (E)
Contents Page
European foreword . 4
Introduction . 5
1 Scope . 6
2 Normative references . 7
3 Terms and definitions . 8
4 Product characteristics . 8
4.1 Internal pressure . 8
4.2 Tightness . 8
4.3 Resistance to high temperature for fittings with elastomeric seals (for heating
networks) . 9
4.4 Release of dangerous substances . 9
4.5 Durability . 10
4.6 Wall thickness at threaded portions of adaptor fittings . 10
4.7 Dimensions of tail pipe ends for swivel fittings . 10
4.8 Dimensions of gas union connectors . 11
4.9 Threaded end dimensions . 11
4.10 Other adapter ends (not defined in EN 1254-20:2021) . 11
4.11 Bore dimensions . 11
4.12 Identity of elastomeric sealing material for liquid applications . 11
4.13 Identity of elastomeric sealing material for gas applications . 11
4.14 Tube abutment . 12
4.15 Alignment of the fitting ends . 12
4.16 Shapes for tightening systems . 12
4.17 Surface condition . 12
4.18 Plated or coated surfaces . 12
5 Testing, assessment and sampling methods . 13
5.1 General . 13
5.2 Internal pressure . 13
5.3 Tightness . 14
5.4 Durability . 15
5.5 Wall thickness at threaded portions of adaptor fittings . 16
5.6 Dimensions of tail pipe ends for swivel fittings . 16
5.7 Dimensions of gas union connectors . 16
2

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SIST EN 1254-2:2021
EN 1254-2:2021 (E)
5.8 Threaded end dimensions . 17
5.9 Bore dimensions . 17
5.10 Identity of elastomeric sealing material for liquid applications . 17
5.11 Identity of elastomeric sealing material for gas applications . 17
5.12 Alignment of the fitting ends . 17
6 Evaluation of conformity . 17
6.1 General . 17
6.2 Type testing . 17
6.3 Factory production control (FPC) . 23
7 Designation . 26
8 Marking, labelling and packaging . 26
8.1 General . 26
8.2 Additional marking . 26
8.3 Dezincification resistant copper zinc alloys . 27
Annex A (normative) Operating temperatures and corresponding maximum operating
pressures . 28
Bibliography . 29

3

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SIST EN 1254-2:2021
EN 1254-2:2021 (E)
European foreword
This document (EN 1254-2:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 133 “Copper and
copper alloys”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of
an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2021, and conflicting national
standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2021.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of
patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
This document supersedes EN 1254-2:1998.
The main changes compared to EN 1254-2:1998 are:
— separation of test methods into part 20.
This part of the standard (EN 1254-2) should be read in conjunction with EN 1254-20:2021.
EN 1254 comprises the following parts under the general title “Copper and copper alloys — Plumbing
fittings”:
— Part 1: Capillary fittings for soldering or brazing to copper tubes
— Part 2: Compression fittings for use with copper tubes
— Part 3: Compression fittings for use with plastics and multilayer pipes
— Part 4: Threaded fittings
— Part 5: Capillary fittings with short ends for brazing to copper tubes
— Part 6: Push-fit fittings for use with metallic tubes, plastics and multilayer pipes
— Part 7: Press fittings for use with metallic tubes
— Part 8: Press fittings for use with plastics and multilayer pipes
— Part 20: Definitions, thread dimensions, test methods, reference data and supporting information
According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the
following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,
Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,
Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of
North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the
United Kingdom.
4

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SIST EN 1254-2:2021
EN 1254-2:2021 (E)
Introduction
Products complying with this document may be used for several fluids including the transport of water
intended for human consumption if they comply with the relevant national, regional or local regulatory
provisions applicable in the place of use.
5

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SIST EN 1254-2:2021
EN 1254-2:2021 (E)
1 Scope
This document specifies product characteristics, assessment methods, compliance criteria of the test
results and a designation system for compression fittings for connecting with copper tubes.
Compression fittings exist with sealing elements - metallic and/or non-metallic - called non
manipulative (commonly referenced as type A) and without sealing elements, called manipulative
(commonly referenced as type B). For the purposes of joining copper tubes, the fitting ends have a
nominal diameter from 6 mm to 108 mm. The compression fittings are designed for a service lifetime
up to fifty years.
The fittings are used up to the operating temperatures and corresponding maximum operating
pressures as indicated in Annex A.
This document applies to copper alloy fittings. A non-exhaustive list of these copper alloys is given in
CEN/TS 13388.
Compression fitting ends, Type A, are used with copper tubes to EN 1057 in all material hardness
conditions.
Compression fittings, Type A, will possibly require an internal support when used with R220 (annealed)
copper tube and the manufacturer’s advice should be sought.
Compression fitting ends, Type B, are used with R220 (annealed) or R250 (half-hard) copper tube to
EN 1057.
Compression fittings, Type B, may be used with R290 (hard) copper tube and the manufacturer’s advice
should be sought.
Adaptor fittings for use with copper tubes may combine compression ends with fitting ends defined in
the other parts of EN 1254.
Compression fittings for use with copper tubes may also have flanged end connections according to
EN 1092-3.
Compression fittings for use with copper tubes may also have a plated or other decorative surface
coating.
Fittings can be produced by machining, metal forming, casting, or fabrication.
Products covered by this document are intended to be used in:
a) liquid applications:
— hot, cold or combined hot and cold water, including systems according to EN 806;
— closed heating systems according to EN 12828;
— cooling systems.
b) drainage systems:
— fire protection systems including sprinkler systems according to EN 12845;
— supply systems for points of consumption with liquid fuels according to EN 12514.


6

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SIST EN 1254-2:2021
EN 1254-2:2021 (E)
c) gas applications:
— natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas systems with a maximum operating pressure less than
or equal to 5 bar according to EN 1775;
— compressed air systems.
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content
constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For
undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 549:2019, Rubber materials for seals and diaphragms for gas appliances and gas equipment
EN 681-1:1996, Elastomeric seals — Materials requirements for pipe joint seals used in water and
drainage applications — Part 1: Vulcanized rubber
EN 682, Elastomeric Seals — Materials requirements for seals used in pipes and fittings carrying gas and
hydrocarbon fluids
EN 1057:2006+A1:2010, Copper and copper alloys — Seamless, round copper tubes for water and gas in
sanitary and heating applications
EN 1254-20:2021, Copper and copper alloys — Plumbing fittings — Part 20: Definitions, thread
dimensions, test methods, reference data and supporting information
EN 10226-3, Pipes threads where pressure tight joint are made on the threads — Part 3: Verification by
means of limit gauges
EN 12502-2, Protection of metallic materials against corrosion — Guidance on the assessment of
corrosion likelihood in water distribution and storage systems — Part 2: Influencing factors for copper
and copper alloys
EN ISO 6506-1, Metallic materials — Brinell hardness test — Part 1: Test method (ISO 6506-1)
EN ISO 6507-1, Metallic materials — Vickers hardness test — Part 1: Test method (ISO 6507-1)
ISO 7-2, Pipe threads where pressure-tight joints are made on the threads — Part 2: Verification by means
of limit gauges
ISO 228-2, Pipe threads where pressure-tight joints are not made on the threads — Part 2: Verification by
means of limit gauges
ISO 2859-1:1999, Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes — Part 1: Sampling schemes indexed
by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection
ISO 9924-1, Rubber and rubber products — Determination of the composition of vulcanizates and uncured
compounds by thermogravimetry — Part 1: Butadiene, ethylene-propylene copolymer and terpolymer,
isobutene-isoprene, isoprene and styrene-butadiene rubbers
7

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SIST EN 1254-2:2021
EN 1254-2:2021 (E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 1254-20:2021 apply.
ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
4 Product characteristics
4.1 Internal pressure
4.1.1 For liquid applications
When tested according to the method in 5.2.1 fittings shall show no signs of leakage or permanent
distortion.
4.1.2 For fuel gas applications
When tested according to the method in 5.2.2 fittings shall show no signs of leakage or permanent
distortion.
4.1.3 For compressed air applications
When tested according to the method in 5.2.3 fittings shall show no signs of leakage or permanent
distortion.
4.2 Tightness
4.2.1 General requirements
4.2.1.1 Integrity of fabricated fitting bodies or having an 'as cast' microstructure
This requirement only applies to fitting bodies with an 'as cast' microstructure (excluding continuously
cast materials) or fabricated by welding or brazing.
When tested according to the method in 5.3.1.1 fitting bodies shall show no visual indication of leakage.
4.2.1.2 Resistance to pull-out
When tested according to the method in 5.3.1.2 the joint assemblies shall withstand the pull-out force
without being separated and shall show no signs of leakage when subjected to the subsequent leak
tightness under internal hydrostatic pressure test as described in 5.2.1.
4.2.1.3 Leak tightness under static flexural force
When tested according to the method in 5.3.1.3 followed by 5.2.2 for gas applications, fittings shall
show no signs of leakage or permanent distortion. This requirement is not applicable on threaded ends.
4.2.2 Requirements for liquid applications
4.2.2.1 Leak tightness under internal hydrostatic pressure
Fittings assessed as indicated in 4.1.1 are considered to be leak tight under internal hydrostatic
pressure.
8

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SIST EN 1254-2:2021
EN 1254-2:2021 (E)
4.2.2.2 Leak tightness under vacuum
When tested according to the method in 5.3.2.1 the change in pressure shall not be greater than
0,05 bar at the conclusion of the test.
4.2.2.3 Leak tightness under temperature cycling
This requirement only applies to compression ends with non-metallic seals.
When tested according to the method in 5.3.2.2 fittings shall show no signs of leakage.
4.2.3 Requirements for gas applications
4.2.3.1 Leak tightness under internal pneumatic pressure
Fittings assessed as indicated in 4.1.2 or 4.1.3 are considered to be leak tight under internal pneumatic
pressure.
4.2.3.2 Leak tightness under temperature cycling for fuel gas applications
This requirement only applies to compression ends with non-metallic seals.
When tested according to the method in 5.3.3 fittings shall show no signs of leakage.
4.2.3.3 Compression fitting with elastomeric seals for fuel gas application inside buildings
The main aspect for the durability of tightness for fuel gas application inside buildings is the ozone
behaviour of the elastomer. Therefore the elastomer shall be ozone resistant and comply with the
requirements of EN 549 class B2 or higher.
4.2.3.4 Compression fitting with elastomeric seals for fuel gas application outside buildings
The main aspect for the durability of tightness for fuel gas application outside buildings depends on the
elastomeric sealing element. Therefore the elastomer shall comply with the requirements of EN 682
types GAL or GBL.
4.3 Resistance to high temperature for fittings with elastomeric seals (for heating
networks)
The main aspect for the resistance to high temperature depends on the elastomeric sealing element.
Therefore, the elastomer shall have the appropriate characteristics as specified in EN 681-1. The
elastomeric sealing elements shall conform to the requirements of EN 681-1:1996, Table 3 for
continuous hot water supply up to 110 °C except for Isoprene-Isobutylene Copolymer (IIR) where a
volume change in water up to and including 15 % is permitted.
4.4 Release of dangerous substances
National regulations on dangerous substances may require verification and declaration on release, and
sometimes content, when construction products covered by this document are placed on those markets.
In the absence of European harmonized test methods, verification and declaration on release/content
should be done taking into account national provisions in the place of use.
NOTE An informative database covering European and national provisions on dangerous substances is
available at the Construction website on EUROPA accessed through: http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-
databases/cp-ds.
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SIST EN 1254-2:2021
EN 1254-2:2021 (E)
4.5 Durability
4.5.1 Durability of internal pressure: Resistance to stress corrosion
Fittings manufactured from copper and copper-tin-zinc alloys (CuSnZnPb) shall be considered to be
resistant to stress corrosion according to EN 12502-2 and copper-zinc-silicon alloys containing ≥ 2 % Si
are also considered to be resistant.
Fittings manufactured from CuZn-alloys shall be considered to be resistant to stress corrosion when the
product has a hardness HBW 2,5/62,5 ≤ 110 measured according to EN ISO 6506-1 or a hardness
10
HV ≤ 134 measured according to EN ISO 6507-1.
5
Fittings manufactured from copper alloys with a zinc content of 10 % or greater not mentioned above
shall be tested and assessed according to 5.4.1, and shall show no evidence of cracking.
4.5.2 Durability of tightness
4.5.2.1 Resistance to dezincification
This requirement only applies where a fitting is declared to be resistant to dezincification.
The resistance to dezincification of alloy fittings can be obtained by the correct material selection and
processing of that material.
Alloys containing 15 % or less zinc provide a good resistance to dezincification and don't need to be
tested.
Representative material samples, prior to machining, shall be tested. When tested according to 5.4.2.1,
the mean and maximum depth of dezincification in any direction shall be expressed in µm and shall
meet the acceptance criteria listed below for resistance to dezincification:
— for grade A: maximum 200 µm;
— for grade B: mean not to exceed 200 µm and maximum not to exceed 400 µm.
If any of the test pieces do not meet the criteria for the chosen grade, a second lot of test samples from
the same batch shall be selected and the test repeated. If any of the second lot of test pieces fails, then
the batch represented shall be deemed not to conform to the requirements of this document.
4.5.2.2 Resistance to pressure cycling
This requirement only applies to compression ends for liquid applications.
When tested according to the method in 5.4.2.2 fittings shall show no signs of leakage.
4.6 Wall thickness at threaded portions of adaptor fittings
This requirement only applies to adaptor fittings with an interface thread.
When assessed according to the method specified in 5.5 the minimum wall thickness at the interface
thread shall be as expressed in EN 1254-20:2021, 4.1 for the relevant diameters.
4.7 Dimensions of tail pipe ends for swivel fittings
This requirement only applies to tail pipe ends for swivel fittings.
When assessed according to the method specified in 5.6 the dimensions shall be as expressed in
EN 1254-20:2021, 4.2 for the thread size.
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SIST EN 1254-2:2021
EN 1254-2:2021 (E)
4.8 Dimensions of gas union connectors
This requirement only applies to fittings with gas union connectors.
When assessed according to the method specified in 5.7 the dimensions shall be as expressed in
EN 1254-20:2021, 4.3 for corresponding nominal size.
4.9 Threaded end dimensions
This requirement only applies to fitting bodies with threaded ends.
When assessed according to the method specified in 5.8 the thread shall be in accordance with
EN 1254-20:2021, 4.4.
4.10 Other adapter ends (not defined in EN 1254-20:2021)
Other adapter ends, when assembled in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and pressure
tested according to the method in 5.2 for the intended application, shall show no signs of leakage or
permanent distortion. When re-tested in accordance with the test method in 5.2 for the intended
application after disconnection and reconnection, it shall again show no signs of leakage or permanent
distortion. If after disconnection the sealing element shows signs of damage, it shall be replaced before
the second test.
4.11 Bore dimensions
To minimize flow resistance, minimum bore dimensions are required.
When assessed according to the test method in 5.9, the minimum bore of the fitting shall be greater or
equal to the values expressed in EN 1254-20:2021, 4.5, Table 9, for the relevant nominal diameter.
For unequal-ended or adaptor fittings (including threaded portions), the smallest diameter shall apply
provided that this diameter does not restrict other outlets.
When an internal support is provided, either as an integral part of the fitting or loose, the minimum
cross-sectional area of the bore through the support shall be in accordance EN 1254-20:2021, 4.5,
Table 9.
4.12 Identity of elastomeric sealing material for liquid applications
During type testing, the method in 5.10 shall be used to establish the master reference thermogram for
the chosen sealing material.
The results of subsequent tests of the sealing material, carried out according to the method in 5.10, shall
be compared to the master reference thermogram to establish that the material is the same; any
differences shall be investigated. Results shall be retained for future comparison.
The identity relates to the elastomeric material and is independent of the fitting type, size or pattern.
4.13 Identity of elastomeric sealing material for gas applications
During type testing, the method in 5.11 shall be used to establish the master reference spectra for the
chosen sealing material.
The results of subsequent tests of the sealing material, carried out according to the method in 5.11, shall
be compared to the master reference spectra to establish that the material is the same; any differences
shall be investigated. Results shall be retained for future comparison.
The identity relates to the elastomeric material and is independent of the fitting type, size or pattern.
11

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SIST EN 1254-2:2021
EN 1254-2:2021 (E)
4.14 Tube abutment
This requirement does not apply to threaded ends.
Fitting ends are usually manufactured with an abutment to limit tube insertion (see Figure 1) and to
ensure that the minimum length of engagement between tube and fitting is satisfied.
Fittings may be produced for special purposes, particularly useful for repairs, where the fitting ends do
not incorporate abutments, allowing the fitting to slide along a tube.
The dimensions of the abutment shall be such that it will stop the smallest possible tube according to
EN 1057:2006+A1:2010, Table 4. The abutment shall also satisfy the minimum bore requirement as
stated in 4.11.

Key
1 tube abutment
NOTE Figure 1 is diagrammatic only; the shape and number of abutments are at the manufacturer's
discretion.
Figure 1 — Tube abutment
4.15 Alignment of the fitting ends
When tested according to the method in 5.12, the alignment of the fitting ends with reference to the
specified axis shall be within ± 2°.
4.16 Shapes for tightening systems
When visually inspected, fittings with threads shall have a shape or suitable f
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 1254-2:2019
01-september-2019
Baker in bakrove zlitine - Fitingi - 2. del: Fitingi z nakrčenima priključkoma za
spajanje z bakrenimi cevmi
Copper and copper alloys - Plumbing fittings - Part 2: Compression fittings for use with
copper tubes
Kupfer und Kupferlegierungen - Fittings - Teil 2: Klemmverbindungen für Kupferrohre
Cuivre et alliages de cuivre - Raccords - Partie 2 : Raccords à compression pour tubes
en cuivre
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 1254-2
ICS:
23.040.40 Kovinski fitingi Metal fittings
77.150.30 Bakreni izdelki Copper products
oSIST prEN 1254-2:2019 en,fr,de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 1254-2:2019

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oSIST prEN 1254-2:2019


DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 1254-2
NORME EUROPÉENNE

EUROPÄISCHE NORM

June 2019
ICS 23.040.40 Will supersede EN 1254-2:1998
English Version

Copper and copper alloys - Plumbing fittings - Part 2:
Compression fittings for use with copper tubes
Cuivre et alliages de cuivre - Raccords - Partie 2 : Kupfer und Kupferlegierungen - Fittings - Teil 2:
Raccords à compression pour tubes en cuivre Klemmverbindungen für Kupferrohre
This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee
CEN/TC 133.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations
which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other
language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC
Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,
Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are
aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without
notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.


EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION

EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels
© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 1254-2:2019 E
worldwide for CEN national Members.

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oSIST prEN 1254-2:2019
prEN 1254-2:2019 (E)
Contents Page
European foreword . 4
Introduction . 5
1 Scope . 6
2 Normative references . 7
3 Terms and definitions . 8
4 Product characteristics . 8
4.1 Internal pressure . 8
4.1.1 For liquid applications . 8
4.1.2 For gas applications . 8
4.2 Tightness . 8
4.2.1 General requirements . 8
4.2.2 Requirements for liquid applications . 8
4.2.3 Requirements for gas applications . 9
4.3 Resistance to high temperature (for heating networks) . 9
4.4 Release of dangerous substances . 9
4.5 Durability . 10
4.5.1 Durability of internal pressure . 10
4.5.2 Durability of tightness . 10
4.6 Wall thickness at threaded portions of adaptor fittings . 10
4.7 Dimensions of tail pipe ends for swivel fittings . 10
4.8 Dimensions of gas union connectors . 11
4.9 Threaded end dimensions . 11
4.10 Other adapter ends (not defined in prEN 1254-20:2019) . 11
4.11 Bore dimensions . 11
4.12 Identity of elastomeric sealing material for liquid applications . 13
4.13 Identity of elastomeric sealing material for gas applications . 13
4.14 Tube abutment . 13
4.15 Alignment of the fitting ends . 14
4.16 Shapes for tightening systems . 14
4.17 Surface condition . 14
4.18 Plated or coated surfaces . 14
5 Testing, assessment and sampling methods . 15
5.1 General . 15
5.1.1 Preparation of fittings for testing. 15
5.1.2 Test temperature . 15
5.2 Internal pressure . 15
5.2.1 Internal hydrostatic pressure test . 15
5.2.2 Internal pneumatic pressure test. 15
5.3 Tightness . 16
5.3.1 General tests . 16
5.3.2 Tests for liquid applications . 16
5.3.3 Tests for gas applications . 17
5.4 Durability . 17
5.4.1 Durability of internal pressure . 17
5.4.2 Durability of tightness . 17
2

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oSIST prEN 1254-2:2019
prEN 1254-2:2019 (E)
5.5 Wall thickness at threaded portions of adaptor fittings . 18
5.5.1 Type testing . 18
5.5.2 FPC testing . 18
5.6 Dimensions of tail pipe ends for swivel fittings . 18
5.7 Dimensions of gas union connectors . 18
5.7.1 Type testing . 18
5.7.2 FPC testing . 18
5.8 Threaded end dimensions . 18
5.9 Bore dimensions . 19
5.10 Identity of elastomeric sealing material for liquid applications . 19
5.11 Identity of elastomeric sealing material for gas applications . 19
5.12 Alignment of the fitting ends . 19
6 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance - AVCP . 19
6.1 General . 19
6.2 Type testing . 19
6.2.1 General . 19
6.2.2 Test samples, testing and compliance criteria . 20
6.2.3 Test reports . 23
6.3 Factory production control (FPC) . 23
6.3.1 General . 23
6.3.2 Requirements . 24
6.3.3 Product specific requirements . 28
6.3.4 Procedure for modifications . 28
6.3.5 One-off products, pre-production products (e.g. prototypes) and products produced
in very low quantity . 28
7 Classification and designation . 29
8 Marking, labelling and packaging . 30
8.1 General . 30
8.2 Additional marking . 30
8.3 Dezincification resistant copper zinc alloys . 30
Annex A (normative) Operating temperatures and maximum operating pressures for
fittings with compression ends. 31
Bibliography . 32

3

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oSIST prEN 1254-2:2019
prEN 1254-2:2019 (E)
European foreword
This document (prEN 1254-2:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 133 “Copper
and copper alloys”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 1254-2:1998.
This part of the standard (EN 1254-2) should be read in conjunction with prEN 1254-20:2019.
EN 1254 comprises the following parts under the general title “Copper and copper alloys — Plumbing
fittings”:
— Part 1: Capillary fittings for soldering or brazing to copper tubes
— Part 2: Compression fittings for use with copper tubes
— Part 3: Compression fittings for use with plastics and multilayer pipes
— Part 4: Threaded fittings
— Part 5: Capillary fittings with short ends for brazing to copper tubes
— Part 6: Push-fit fittings for use with metallic tubes, plastics and multilayer pipes
— Part 7: Press fittings for use with metallic tubes
— Part 8: Press fittings for use with plastics and multilayer pipes
— Part 20: Definitions, thread dimensions, test methods, reference data and supporting information
The main changes to EN1254-2:1998 are:
— separation of test methods into part 20.

4

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oSIST prEN 1254-2:2019
prEN 1254-2:2019 (E)
Introduction
Products complying with this European standard may be used for the transport of water intended for
human consumption if they comply with the relevant national, regional or local regulatory provisions
applicable in place of use.

5

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oSIST prEN 1254-2:2019
prEN 1254-2:2019 (E)
1 Scope
This document specifies product characteristics, assessment methods, compliance criteria of the test
results and a designation system for compression fittings for connecting with copper tubes.
Compression fittings exist with sealing elements - metallic and/or non-metallic - called non
manipulative (commonly referenced as type A) and without sealing elements, called manipulative
(commonly referenced as type B). For the purposes of joining copper tubes, the fitting ends have a size
range from 6 mm to 108 mm. The compression fittings are designed for a service lifetime up to fifty
years.
The fittings are used up to the operating temperatures and maximum operating pressures as indicated
in Annex A.
This document applies to copper alloy fittings. A non-exhaustive list of these copper alloys is given in
CEN/TS 13388.
Compression fitting ends, Type A, are used with copper tubes to EN 1057 in all material hardness
conditions.
Compression fittings, Type A, will possibly require an internal support when used with R220 (annealed)
copper tube and the manufacturer’s advice should be sought.
Compression fitting ends, Type B, are used with R220 (annealed) or R250 (half-hard) copper tube to
EN 1057.
Compression fittings, Type B, may be used with R290 (hard) copper tube and the manufacturer’s advice
should be sought.
Adaptor fittings for use with copper tubes may combine compression ends with fitting ends defined in
the other parts of EN 1254.
Compression fittings for use with copper tubes may also have flanged end connections according to
EN 1092-3.
Compression fittings for use with copper tubes may also have a plated or other decorative surface
coating.
Fittings can be produced by machining, metal forming, casting, or fabrication.
Products covered by this standard are intended to be used in:
a) liquid applications:
— hot, cold or combined hot and cold water systems according to EN 806;
— closed heating systems according to EN 12828 and cooling systems;
— drainage systems;
— sprinkler systems according to EN 12845.
b) gas applications:
— natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas systems with a maximum operating pressure less than
or equal to 5 bar according to EN 1775;
— compressed air systems.
6

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oSIST prEN 1254-2:2019
prEN 1254-2:2019 (E)
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content
constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For
undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 549:1994, Rubber materials for seals and diaphragms for gas appliances and gas equipment
EN 681-1:1996, Elastomeric seals — Materials requirements for pipe joint seals used in water and
drainage applications — Part 1: Vulcanized rubber
EN 682, Elastomeric Seals — Materials requirements for seals used in pipes and fittings carrying gas and
hydrocarbon fluids
EN 806 (series), Specifications for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption
EN 1057:2006+A1:2010, Copper and copper alloys — Seamless, round copper tubes for water and gas in
sanitary and heating applications
EN 1092-3, Flanges and their joints — Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, PN
designated — Part 3: Copper alloy flanges
prEN 1254-20:2019, Copper and copper alloys — Plumbing fittings — Part 20: Definitions, thread
dimensions, test methods, reference data and supporting information
EN 1775:2007, Gas supply — Gas pipework for buildings — Maximum operating pressure less than or
equal to 5 bar — Functional recommendations
EN 10226-3, Pipes threads where pressure tight joint are made on the threads — Part 3: Verification by
means of limit gauges
EN 12502-2, Protection of metallic materials against corrosion — Guidance on the assessment of
corrosion likelihood in water distribution and storage systems — Part 2: Influencing factors for copper
and copper alloys
EN 12828, Heating systems in buildings —Design for water-based heating systems
EN 12845, Fixed firefighting systems — Automatic sprinkler systems — Design, installation and
maintenance
EN ISO 6506-1, Metallic materials — Brinell hardness test — Part 1: Test method (ISO 6506-1)
EN ISO 6507-1, Metallic materials — Vickers hardness test — Part 1: Test method (ISO 6507-1)
ISO 7-2, Pipe threads where pressure-tight joints are made on the threads — Part 2: Verification by means
of limit gauges
ISO 228-2, Pipe threads where pressure-tight joints are not made on the threads — Part 2: Verification by
means of limit gauges
ISO 2859-1:1999, Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes — Part 1: Sampling schemes indexed
by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection
ISO 6957:1988, Copper alloys — Ammonia test for stress corrosion resistance
7

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oSIST prEN 1254-2:2019
prEN 1254-2:2019 (E)
ISO 9924-1, Rubber and rubber products — Determination of the composition of vulcanizates and uncured
compounds by thermogravimetry — Part 1: Butadiene, ethylene-propylene copolymer and terpolymer,
isobutene-isoprene, isoprene and styrene-butadiene rubbers
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in prEN 1254-20:2019 apply.
ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
4 Product characteristics
4.1 Internal pressure
4.1.1 For liquid applications
When tested according to the method in 5.2.1 fittings shall show no signs of leakage or permanent
distortion.
4.1.2 For gas applications
When tested according to the method in 5.2.2 fittings shall show no signs of leakage or permanent
distortion.
4.2 Tightness
4.2.1 General requirements
4.2.1.1 Integrity of fabricated fitting bodies or having an 'as cast' microstructure
This requirement only applies to fitting bodies with an 'as cast' microstructure (excluding continuously
cast materials) or fabricated by welding or brazing.
When tested according to the method in 5.3.1.1 fitting bodies shall show no visual indication of leakage.
4.2.1.2 Resistance to pull-out
When tested according to the method in 5.3.1.2 the joint assemblies shall withstand the pull-out force
without being separated and shall show no signs of leakage when subjected to the subsequent leak
tightness under internal hydrostatic pressure test as described in 5.2.1.
4.2.1.3 Leak tightness under static flexural force
When tested according to the method in 5.3.1.3 followed by 5.2.2 for gas applications, fittings shall
show no signs of leakage or permanent distortion. This requirement is not applicable on threaded ends.
4.2.2 Requirements for liquid applications
4.2.2.1 Leak tightness under internal hydrostatic pressure
Fittings assessed as indicated in 4.1.1 are considered to be leak tight under internal hydrostatic
pressure.
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prEN 1254-2:2019 (E)
4.2.2.2 Leak tightness under vacuum
When tested according to the method in 5.3.2.1 the change in pressure shall not be greater than
0,05 bar at the conclusion of the test.
4.2.2.3 Leak tightness under temperature cycling
This requirement only applies to compression ends with non-metallic seals.
When tested according to the method in 5.3.2.2 fittings shall show no signs of leakage.
4.2.3 Requirements for gas applications
4.2.3.1 Leak tightness under internal pneumatic pressure
Fittings assessed as indicated in 4.1.2 are considered to be leak tight under internal pneumatic
pressure.
4.2.3.2 Leak tightness under temperature cycling for gas applications
This requirement only applies to compression ends with non-metallic seals.
When tested according to the method in 5.3.3.1 fittings shall show no signs of leakage.
4.2.3.3 Leak tightness at high temperature
This requirement only applies to compression ends with non-metallic seals for fuel gas applications.
When tested according to the method in 5.3.3.2, at any point during the test period the nitrogen leakage
3
rate from an equal ended straight copper fitting shall not exceed 150 dm /h per tested product.
4.2.3.4 Compression fitting suited for fuel gas application inside buildings
The main aspect for the durability of tightness for fuel gas application inside buildings is the ozone
behaviour of the elastomer. Therefore the elastomer shall be ozone resistant and comply with the
requirements of EN 549 class B2 or higher.
4.2.3.5 Compression fitting suited for fuel gas application outside buildings
The main aspect for the durability of tightness for fuel gas application outside buildings depends on the
elastomeric sealing element. Therefore the elastomer shall comply with the requirements of EN 682
types GAL or GBL.
4.3 Resistance to high temperature (for heating networks)
The main aspect for the resistance to high temperature depends on the elastomeric sealing element.
Therefore the elastomer shall have the appropriate characteristics as specified in EN 681-1. The
elastomeric sealing elements shall conform to the requirements of EN 681-1:1996, Table 3 for
continuous hot water supply up to 110 °C except for Isoprene-Isobutylene Copolymer (IIR) where a
volume change in water up to and including 15 % is permitted.
4.4 Release of dangerous substances
National regulations on dangerous substances may require verification and declaration on release, and
sometimes content, when construction products covered by this standard are placed on those markets.
In the absence of European harmonized test methods, verification and declaration on release/content
should be done taking into account national provisions in the place of use.
9

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prEN 1254-2:2019 (E)
4.5 Durability
4.5.1 Durability of internal pressure
4.5.1.1 Resistance to stress corrosion
Fittings manufactured from copper and copper-tin-zinc alloys (CuSnZnPb) are deemed to be resistant to
stress corrosion according to EN 12502-2 and copper-zinc-silicon alloys containing ≥ 2 % Si are also
considered to be resistant.
Fittings manufactured from CuZn-alloys are deemed to be resistant to stress corrosion when the
product has a hardness HBW 2,5/62,5 ≤ 110 measured according to EN ISO 6506-1 or a hardness
10
HV ≤ 134 measured according to EN ISO 6507-1.
5
Fittings manufactured from copper alloys with a zinc content of 10 % or greater not mentioned above
shall be tested and assessed according to 5.4.1.1, and shall show no evidence of cracking.
4.5.2 Durability of tightness
4.5.2.1 Resistance to dezincification
Does not apply to fittings for gas applications.
The resistance to dezincification of alloy fittings can be obtained by the correct material selection and
processing of that material.
Alloys containing 10 % or less zinc provide a good resistance to dezincification and don't need to be
tested.
Representative material samples, prior to machining, shall be tested. When tested according to 5.4.2.1,
the mean and maximum depth of dezincification in any direction shall be expressed in µm and shall
meet the acceptance criteria listed below for resistance to dezincification:
— for grade A: maximum 200 µm;
— for grade B: mean not to exceed 200 µm and maximum 400 µm.
If any of the test pieces do not meet the criteria for the chosen grade, a second lot of test samples from
the same batch shall be selected and the test repeated. If any of the second lot of test pieces fails, then
the batch represented shall be deemed not to conform to the requirements of this standard.
4.5.2.2 Resistance to pressure cycling
This requirement only applies to compression ends for liquid applications.
When tested according to the method in 5.4.2.2 fittings shall show no signs of leakage.
4.6 Wall thickness at threaded portions of adaptor fittings
This requirement only applies to adaptor fittings with an interface thread.
When assessed according to the method specified in 5.5 the minimum wall thickness at the interface
thread shall be as expressed in prEN 1254-20:2019, 4.1 for the relevant diameters.
4.7 Dimensions of tail pipe ends for swivel fittings
This requirement only applies to tail pipe ends for swivel fittings.
When assessed according to the method specified in 5.6 the dimensions shall be as expressed in
prEN 1254-20:2019, 4.2 for the thread size.
10

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...

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