Children's high chairs - Requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies safety requirements for free standing children's high chairs that elevate  children to dining table height usually for the purposes of feeding or eating. Children's high chairs are for children up to 3 years of age who are capable of sitting unaided.
With the exception of special high chairs for medical purposes, this standard applies to children's high chairs for domestic and non-domestic use.
NOTE   If a children's high chair has to or can be converted into other functions, additional European Standards may apply.

Kinderhochstühle - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm legt sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen an freistehende Kinderhochstühle fest, die ein Kind auf die Höhe eines Esstisches heben, üblicherweise zum Füttern oder Essen. Kinderhochstühle sind für Kinder bis zu einem Alter von 3 Jahren, die eigenständig sitzen können.
Diese Norm gilt für Kinderhochstühle für den Wohn- und Nicht-Wohnbereich, mit Ausnahme von Spezialhochstühlen für medizinische Zwecke.
ANMERKUNG   Falls ein Kinderhochstuhl für andere Funktionen umgebaut wurde oder umgebaut werden kann, können zusätzliche Europäische Normen gelten.

Chaises hautes pour enfants - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences de sécurité applicables aux chaises hautes autoportantes pour enfants qui permettent d’installer ces derniers à la hauteur d'une table à manger, généralement dans le but de les nourrir ou de leur permettre de manger. Les chaises hautes pour enfants sont destinées à des enfants âgés au maximum de trois ans et capables de se tenir seuls en position assise.
En dehors des chaises hautes spéciales utilisées à des fins médicales, la présente norme est applicable aux chaises hautes pour enfants à usage domestique ou non domestique.
NOTE   Si une chaise haute pour enfants doit ou peut être transformée en un système destiné à d’autres fonctions, d’autres Normes européennes peuvent s’appliquer.

Otroški visoki stoli - Zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard določa varnostne zahteve za prosto stoječe otroške visoke stole na standardni višini jedilne mize, običajno namenjene za hranjenje ali prehranjevanje otrok. Otroški visoki stoli so namenjeni otrokom do 3. leta starosti, ki lahko samostojno sedijo.
Ta standard se uporablja za otroške visoke stole za vsa področja uporabe, razen za posebne visoke stole za medicinsko uporabo.
OPOMBA: Če otroški visoki stol vključuje možnost pretvorbe v druge funkcije, se lahko uporabljajo dodatni evropski standardi.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
11-Jul-2017
Withdrawal Date
18-Feb-2020
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
19-Feb-2020

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Otroški visoki stoli - Zahteve in preskusne metodeKinderhochstühle - Anforderungen und PrüfungChaises hautes pour enfants - Exigences et méthodes d'essaiChildren's high chairs - Requirements and test methods97.190Otroška opremaEquipment for children97.140PohištvoFurnitureICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 14988:2017SIST EN 14988:2017en,fr,de01-november-2017SIST EN 14988:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 14988-2:2006+A1:2012SIST EN 14988-1:2006+A1:20121DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 14988:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 14988
July
t r s y ICS
{ yä s v râ
{ yä s { r Supersedes EN
s v { z zæ sã t r r x ªA sã t r s tá EN
s v { z zæ tã t r r x ªA sã t r s tEnglish Version

Children 5s high chairs æ Requirements and test methods Chaises hautes pour enfants æ Exigences et méthodes d 5essai

Kinderhochstühle æ Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenThis European Standard was approved by CEN on

t v April
t r s yä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s y CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s v { z zã t r s y ESIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5 4 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 6 4.1 Test conditions ................................................................................................................................................. 6 4.2 Application of forces ...................................................................................................................................... 6 4.3 Tolerances ......................................................................................................................................................... 6 4.4 Test sequence ................................................................................................................................................... 7 4.5 Determination of the junction line ........................................................................................................... 7 5 Test equipment ................................................................................................................................................ 8 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8 5.2 Test mass A ........................................................................................................................................................ 8 5.3 Impact hammer ................................................................................................................................................ 8 5.4 Large loading pad ............................................................................................................................................ 9 5.5 Small loading pad ............................................................................................................................................ 9 5.6 Stops .................................................................................................................................................................. 10 5.7 Floor surface .................................................................................................................................................. 10 5.8 Beams ............................................................................................................................................................... 10 5.9 Probes for finger entrapment .................................................................................................................. 10 5.10 Test mass B ..................................................................................................................................................... 10 5.11 Small parts cylinder .................................................................................................................................... 10 5.12 Small torso probe ......................................................................................................................................... 11 5.13 Test mass C ..................................................................................................................................................... 11 5.14 Leg probe ......................................................................................................................................................... 12 5.15 Wedge block ................................................................................................................................................... 12 5.16 Large head probe ......................................................................................................................................... 13 5.17 Impactor .......................................................................................................................................................... 14 5.18 Wood block ..................................................................................................................................................... 14 5.19 Feeler gauge ................................................................................................................................................... 14 5.20 Test mass D ..................................................................................................................................................... 14 6 Chemical hazards - Migration of certain elements (see A.2) ........................................................ 14 7 Thermal hazards (see A.3) ........................................................................................................................ 15 8 Mechanical hazards (see A.4) .................................................................................................................. 15 8.1 Hazards caused by folding of the product ........................................................................................... 15 8.2 Hazards caused by height adjustment .................................................................................................. 16 8.3 Entrapment hazards (see A.4.1) ............................................................................................................. 17 8.4 Hazards caused by moving parts (see A.4.2) ...................................................................................... 18 8.5 Entanglement hazards (see A.4.3) ......................................................................................................... 18 8.6 Choking and ingestion hazards (see A.4.4) ......................................................................................... 19 8.7 Hazards caused by edges, corners and protruding parts (see A.4.6) ........................................ 21 8.8 Strength and durability hazards (Structural integrity, see A.4.7) .............................................. 21 8.9 Hazards from falls out of the high chair (see A.4.8) ......................................................................... 24 8.10 Suffocation hazards (see A.4.5) ............................................................................................................... 32 SIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 3 8.11 Castors and wheels (see A.4.9) ................................................................................................................ 32 8.12 Stability (see A.A.4.10) ................................................................................................................................ 34 9 Marking and product information .......................................................................................................... 38 9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 38 9.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 38 9.3 Instructions for use ...................................................................................................................................... 39 9.4 Purchase information ................................................................................................................................. 39 Annex A (informative)

Rationales ....................................................................................................................... 41 A.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 41 A.2 Chemical hazards (see Clause 6) ............................................................................................................. 41 A.3 Thermal hazards (see Clause 7) .............................................................................................................. 41 A.4 Mechanical hazards (see Clause 8) ......................................................................................................... 41 Annex B (informative)

A- deviations .................................................................................................................. 44 Annex C (normative)

Translations ...................................................................................................................... 46 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 56

SIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 4 European foreword This document (EN 14988:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 364 "High Chairs", the secretariat of which is held by UNI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2018, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by July 2018. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 14988-1:2006+A1:2012 and EN 14988-2:2006+A1:2012. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. This document contains the following main modifications in comparison to the previous versions: — EN 14988-1:2006+A1:2012 and EN 14988-2:2006+A1:2012 have been merged into one single document; — complete review of the standard in a hazard base format; — modifications necessary to comply with European Decision 2013/121/EU; — addition of a dynamic strength test; — inclusion of specific requirements for high chair with more than two castors/wheels; — improvement of restraint system requirements to require a passive crotch restraint for products with a horizontal component in front of the baby. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard specifies safety requirements for free standing children's high chairs that elevate children to dining table height usually for the purposes of feeding or eating. Children's high chairs are for children up to 3 years of age who are capable of sitting unaided. With the exception of special high chairs for medical purposes, this standard applies to children's high chairs for domestic and non-domestic use. NOTE If a children's high chair has to or can be converted into other functions, additional European Standards may apply. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014, Safety of toys - Part 2: Flammability EN 71-3, Safety of toys - Part 3: Migration of certain elements EN 13210, Child use and care articles - Children's harnesses, reins and similar type articles - Safety requirements and test methods ISO 7619-1, Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic - Determination of indentation hardness - Part 1: Durometer method (Shore hardness) 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 active restraint system system where the carer performs an action to ensure that the child is secured in the restraint system 3.2 passive restraint system system where the carer does not perform an action to ensure that the child is secured in the restraint system 3.3 crotch restraint device passing between the legs of the child and preventing the child from slipping forwards out of the high chair 3.4 waist restraint rigid or flexible device(s), which when fastened, goes from one side of the high chair to the other passing in front of the child’s waist or surrounding the child’s waist 3.5 shoulder restraint device passing over the shoulders and connecting either to the crotch restraint or to the waist restraint SIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 6 3.6 locking device component that maintains part(s) of the product in the position of use EXAMPLE Latch, a hook, an over centre lock. 3.7 operating device part of the locking mechanism(s) or parking device(s) designed to be activated by the carer by one or several action(s) 3.8 parking device device intended to prevent rolling of castors/wheels 3.9 locking mechanism assembly consisting of one or more locking device(s) and one or more operating device(s) 3.10 junction

line intersection of the seat and the back rest 4 General 4.1 Test conditions The high chair shall be tested as delivered. If the high chair is a knock-down type, it shall be assembled according to the instructions supplied with it. If the instructions allow for different adjustments or configurations of components (e.g. inclination of the backrest, height of the seat, position of the tray, position of castors/wheels, etc.), the most onerous combination shall be used for each test, unless otherwise specified in the test method. Knock-down fittings shall be tightened before testing. Further re-tightening shall not take place. 4.2 Application of forces The forces in the static load tests shall be applied sufficiently slowly to ensure that negligible dynamic force is applied. The tests are described in terms of the application of forces, however masses can be used. The relationship 10 N = 1 kg shall be used for this purpose. 4.3 Tolerances Unless otherwise stated, the following tolerances apply: — Forces: ± 5 % of the nominal force; — Masses: ± 0,5 % of the nominal mass; — Dimensions: ± 1,0 mm of the nominal dimension; — Angles: ± 2° of the nominal angle; — Positioning of loading pads: ± 5 mm. SIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 7 NOTE For the purposes of uncertainty in measurements, test results are not considered to be adversely affected when the above tolerances are met. 4.4 Test sequence The tests in Clause 8 shall be carried out on the same high chair and in the order of the clauses of this standard. 4.5 Determination of the junction line The junction line is shown in Figure 1 below. Where the backrest and the seat do not meet, the junction line is the projection of the backrest onto the seat (see Figure 1).

Key LL junction line 1 backrest 2 seat Figure 1 — Junction line When the seat unit is in the form of a hammock, a theoretical junction line, “LL”, shall be determined as shown in Figure 2. The junction line may vary when the backrest is adjusted in different positions.

Key AA top edge of the backrest BB front edge of the seat LL junction line CL vertical projection of C on the hammock C mid-point between A and B Figure 2 — Junction line for seat units in the form of a hammock SIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 8 5 Test equipment 5.1 General Unless otherwise specified, test forces may be applied by any suitable device as results are dependent only upon correctly applied forces and not upon the apparatus. 5.2 Test mass A A rigid cylinder 200 mm in diameter and 300 mm in height, having a mass of 15 kg with its centre of gravity 150 mm above its base. The edges shall have a radius of 5 mm. Two anchorage points shall be provided. These shall be positioned 150 mm from the base and at an angle of 180° to each other around the circumference (see Figure 3). Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 edge radius: (5 ± 1) mm 2 anchorage points Figure 3 — Test mass A 5.3 Impact hammer A striker in the form of a cylindrical object having a total mass of 6,5 kg supported from a pivot by a steel tube of 38 mm in diameter and with a wall thickness of 2 mm (see Figure 4). The distance between the pivot and the centre of gravity of the striker shall be 1 000 mm. The pendulum arm shall be pivoted by a low friction bearing. SIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 9 Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 pendulum head, steel mass 6,4 kg 2 hardwood 3 rubber 50 ± 10 Shore A (ISO 7619-1) 4 pendulum arm, length 950 mmř high tensile steel tube Bļ

u z mm x 2 mm; mass (2 ± 0,2) kg 5 pivot point Mass of assembly (Key numbers 1, 2 and 3): (6,5 ± 0,07) kg Figure 4 — Impact hammer 5.4 Large loading pad A rigid cylindrical object 100 mm in diameter having a smooth hard surface and edges rounded with radius of 12 mm. 5.5 Small loading pad A rigid cylindrical object 30 mm in diameter having a smooth hard surface and edges rounded with radius of (0,8 ± 0,3) mm. SIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 10 5.6 Stops Stops to prevent the high chair from sliding but not tilting, no higher than 12 mm except in cases where the design of the item necessitates the use of higher stops, in which case the lowest stops that will prevent the item from sliding shall be used. 5.7 Floor surface A horizontal, flat and rigid plane with a smooth surface. For the tests according to 8.8.6.4, a 2 mm thick rubber mat, with hardness (75 ± 10) Shore A according to ISO 7619-1, shall be used on a concrete floor. 5.8 Beams 5.8.1 Beam for stability testing and for measuring the length of the lateral protection A beam, not less than 900 mm long, with a square section of 25 mm x 25 mm and with a mass of (0,5 ± 0,01) kg. 5.8.2 Beam for measuring the height for lateral protection test A beam, 86 mm wide and with a mass of (0,5 ± 0,01) kg. 5.9 Probes for finger entrapment Probes made of plastic or other hard, smooth material with diameters−0017,() mm and +01012,() mm with a hemispherical end (see Figure 5) and which can be mounted on a force-measuring device. Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 line around the probe showing the depth of penetration

Probe type 7 mm probe 12 mm probe Diameter A 0-0,17 0,1012+ Figure 5 — Test probes with hemispherical ends 5.10 Test mass B A cylinder with a mass of 5 kg and a diameter of 100 mm. 5.11 Small parts cylinder A cylinder for assessment of small components, having dimensions in accordance with Figure 6. SIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 11 Dimension in millimetres

Figure 6— Small parts cylinder 5.12 Small torso probe A probe made from plastic or other hard, smooth material with dimensions as shown in Figure 7. Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 handle a 86 mm b 40 mm c 120 mm Figure 7 — Small torso probe 5.13 Test mass C An object made of steel with a total mass of (9 ± 0,1) kg and with dimensions as specified in Figure 8. All edges shall be rounded or chamfered. SIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 12 Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 seat part [mass: (4,495 ± 0,05) kg] 2 backrest part [mass: (4,501 ± 0,05) kg] 3 hinge pin made of steel [mass of hinge pin: (17 ± 0,5) g, length: 79,5 mm] D Diameter: 6 mm Dimension tolerances: ± 2 mm Figure 8 — Test mass C 5.14 Leg probe A cylindrical probe with a diameter of 38 mm and a length of at least 76 mm. 5.15 Wedge block A block made of plastic or other hard, smooth material and with dimensions according to Figure 9. SIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 13 Dimensions in millimetres
Top view

Front view Side view Figure 9 — Wedge block 5.16 Large head probe A probe made of plastic or other hard smooth material, with dimensions according to Figure 10. Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 handle Figure 10 — Large head probe SIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 14 5.17 Impactor A cylindrical bag with a diameter of 150 mm filled with steel shot with a diameter of (4 ± 2) mm. The total mass shall be 23 kg. 5.18 Wood block A wood block, with dimensions of 150 mm by 150 mm with a thickness of 25 mm and with the edges rounded with a radius of 8 mm. 5.19 Feeler gauge A gauge with a thickness of (0,4 ± 0,02) mm and an insertion end radius of (3 ± 0,5) mm (see Figure 11). Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 11 — Feeler gauge 5.20 Test mass D A mass of 9 kg on a base area of 200 mm x 100 mm. 6 Chemical hazards - Migration of certain elements (see A.2) Separate samples may be used for these tests. The migration of elements from surface materials located on or above the plane defined by the seat surface with the exception of the back of the backrest shall not exceed the limits listed in Table 1 when tested in accordance with EN 71-3. SIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 15 Table 1 — Limits for migration of certain elements Element mg/kg Aluminium 70 000 Antimony 560 Arsenic 47 Barium 18 750 Boron 15 000 Cadmium 17 Chromium (III) 460 Chromium (VI) 0,2 Cobalt 130 Copper 7 700 Lead 160 Manganese 15 000 Mercury 94 Nickel 930 Selenium 460 Strontium 56 000 Tin 180 000 Organic tin 12 Zinc 46 000 7 Thermal hazards (see A.3) Separate samples may be used for these tests. This clause applies only to textiles, coated textiles and plastic coverings. Hook and loop fasteners, cords and alike are excluded. When tested in accordance with EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014, 5.5, there shall be no surface flash. 8 Mechanical hazards (see A.4) 8.1 Hazards caused by folding of the product 8.1.1 Requirements 8.1.1.1 General There shall be at least one locking mechanism which prevents a high chair from folding whilst in use and also when a child is being placed into and removed from the high chair. SIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 16 8.1.1.2 Incomplete deployment In order to prevent the hazards due to incomplete deployment, the high chair shall fulfil one of the following: a) the weight of the child in the high chair shall act to prevent the folding; or b) at least one locking device shall engage automatically, when the product is ready for use. 8.1.1.3 Unintentional folding of the high chair Unintentional folding of the high chair shall be prevented. This requirement is fulfilled if one of the following conditions is met before and after testing in accordance with 8.1.2.1: a) at least one operating device requires a minimum force of 50 N to activate, with and without test mass A on the seat, or b) folding is only possible if at least one locking mechanism requires the use of a tool, or c) folding is only possible, when two independent operating devices are operated simultaneously, or d) there are two or more automatically engaging locking devices that both cannot be released by one single action, or e) folding of the high chair requires two consecutive actions, the first of which shall be maintained while the second is carried out. 8.1.1.4 Locking mechanism strength When tested in accordance with 8.1.2.2, the high chair shall not fold and the locking mechanism shall remain engaged. 8.1.2 Test methods 8.1.2.1 Durability of the locking mechanism Operate all locking mechanisms 300 times. 8.1.2.2 Strength of the locking mechanism Place the high chair on the floor with the test mass A (5.2) at the centre of the seat. Apply a force of 200 N at the point and in the direction considered most likely for the high chair to fold. If the high chair tends to tilt, secure it in a manner which prevents tilting but not folding. 8.2 Hazards caused by height adjustment 8.2.1 General High chairs in which the seat height cannot be adjusted either due to the construction of the high chair or when the child is inside the high chair are excluded from this requirement. There shall be locking mechanism(s) to prevent the seat unit of a high chair from moving from a higher to a lower position 8.2.2 Incomplete seat height adjustment In order to prevent hazards due to incomplete seat height adjustment, at least one locking device shall engage automatically when the seat is adjusted in height. SIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 17 8.2.3 Unintentional release of the seat height adjustment mechanism In order to prevent unintentional release of the seat adjustment mechanism, one of the following requirements shall be fulfilled before and after testing in accordance with 8.1.2.1: a) at least one operating device requires a minimum force of 50 N to activate, with and without test mass A on the seat, or b) height adjustment requires the use of a tool, or c) release is only possible when two independent operating devices are operated simultaneously, or d) there are two or more automatically engaging locking devices that both cannot be released by one single action, or e) height adjustment requires two consecutive actions, the first of which shall be maintained while the second is carried out. 8.3 Entrapment hazards (see A.4.1) 8.3.1 Entrapment of fingers 8.3.1.1 Requirement With the exception of the back of the backrest, parts of the high chair from the floor up to and including the under-surface of the seat and buckles and adjusters of the restraint system, there shall be no completely bounded circular openings in rigid materials between 7 mm and 12 mm, which are deeper than 10 mm, when tested in accordance with 8.3.1.2. 8.3.1.2 Test method Check whether the 7 mm probe (see 5.9) with an applied force of up to 30 N, enters 10 mm or more into any completely bounded opening in rigid materials in any possible direction. If the 7 mm probe enters 10 mm or more, check if the 12 mm probe (see 5.9) enters 10 mm or more with an applied force of up to 5 N. 8.3.2 Entrapment of head 8.3.2.1 Requirements With the exception of the entrance to the seat unit, the two openings for the child’s legs and openings in the frame above the level of the top surface of the lateral protection, there shall be no holes, gaps or openings above the seat surface which allow the small torso probe to pass through when tested according to 8.3.2.2. 8.3.2.2 Test method Check whether the small torso probe (5.12) with an applied force of up to 30 N, enters into any accessible opening located above the seat. The probe shall be inserted from inside the seat unit in a straight direction along the longitudinal axis of the probe. SIST EN 14988:2017

EN 14988:2017 (E) 18 8.4 Hazards caused by moving parts (see A.4.2) 8.4.1 Requirements on compression points The back of the backrest, parts from the floor up to and including the under-surface of the seat and buckles of the restraint system are excluded from the following requirement. After the high chair has been set up for normal use in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, there shall be no accessible hazardous compression points, which can close to less than 12 mm, unless they are always less than 5 mm, as the result of: a) movement of the high chair; or b) movements of the ch

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