Sintered metal materials - Specifications (ISO 5755:2012)

ISO 5755:2012 specifies the requirements for the chemical composition and the mechanical and physical properties of sintered metal materials used for bearings and structural parts.
When selecting powder metallurgical (PM) materials, it should be taken into account that the properties depend not only on the chemical composition and density, but also on the production methods. The properties of sintered materials giving satisfactory service in particular applications may not necessarily be the same as those of wrought or cast materials that might otherwise be used. Therefore, liaison with prospective suppliers is recommended.

Sintermetalle - Anforderungen (ISO 5755:2012)

Diese Internationale Norm legt die Anforderungen an die chemische Zusammensetzung sowie die mechanischen und physikalischen Eigenschaften von Sintermetallen für Lager und Formteile fest.
Bei der Auswahl der pulvermetallurgischen (PM) Werkstoffe sollte berücksichtigt werden, dass die Eigenschaften nicht nur von der chemischen Zusammensetzung und Dichte, sondern auch von den Herstellverfahren abhängig sind. Die Eigenschaften von Sinterwerkstoffen, die sich für besondere Anwendungsfälle eignen, sind nicht unbedingt die gleichen wie die von geschmiedeten oder gegossenen Werkstoffen, die auch verwendet werden könnten. Es wird deshalb empfohlen, mit den künftigen Lieferern zusammenzuarbeiten.

Matériaux métalliques frittés - Spécifications (ISO 5755:2012)

L'ISO 5755:2012 spécifie les exigences relatives à la composition chimique et aux propriétés physiques et mécaniques des matériaux métalliques frittés utilisés pour les paliers et les pièces mécaniques.
Lors de la sélection de poudres métalliques, il est nécessaire de tenir compte du fait que leurs propriétés ne sont pas seulement fonction de la composition chimique et de la masse volumique, mais aussi des méthodes d'élaboration. Les propriétés des matériaux frittés donnant satisfaction pour des applications particulières peuvent ne pas être nécessairement les mêmes que celles de matériaux moulés ou corroyés qui pourraient être utilisés concurremment. Il est donc recommandé de prendre contact avec les fournisseurs pressentis.

Sintrane kovine - Specifikacije (ISO 5755:2012)

Ta mednarodni standard določa zahteve za kemično sestavo ter mehanske in fizične lastnosti sintranih kovinskih materialov za nosilce in strukturne dele. Pri izbiri materialov za prašno metalurgijo je priporočljivo upoštevati, da lastnosti niso odvisne samo od kemične sestave in gostote, ampak tudi od načinov proizvodnje. Lastnosti sintranih materialov, ki ustrezajo določeni uporabi, morda niso enake kot lastnosti obdelanih ali livarskih materialov, ki se lahko sicer uporabljajo. Zato je priporočljiv kontakt z morebitnimi dobavitelji.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
31-Aug-2012
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
25-Oct-2011

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Sintrane kovine - Specifikacije (ISO 5755:2012)Sintermetalle - Anforderungen (ISO 5755:2012)Matériaux métalliques frittés - Spécifications (ISO 5755:2012)Sintered metal materials - Specifications (ISO 5755:2012)77.160Metalurgija prahovPowder metallurgyICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN ISO 5755:2012SIST EN ISO 5755:2012en,fr01-november-2012SIST EN ISO 5755:2012SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 5755:2012
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN ISO 5755
September 2012 ICS 77.160 English Version
Sintered metal materials - Specifications (ISO 5755:2012)
Matériaux métalliques frittés - Spécifications (ISO 5755:2012)

Sintermetalle - Anforderungen (ISO 5755:2012) This European Standard was approved by CEN on 25 August 2012.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2012 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN ISO 5755:2012: ESIST EN ISO 5755:2012

EN ISO 5755:2012 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3 SIST EN ISO 5755:2012

EN ISO 5755:2012 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN ISO 5755:2012) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 119 "Powder metallurgy". This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2013, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by March 2013. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. Endorsement notice The text of ISO 5755:2012 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 5755:2012 without any modification.

SIST EN ISO 5755:2012
SIST EN ISO 5755:2012
Reference numberISO 5755:2012(E)© ISO 2012

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO5755Third edition2012-09-01Sintered metal materials — SpecificationsMatériaux métalliques frittés — Spécifications

SIST EN ISO 5755:2012
ISO 5755:2012(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT

ISO 2012 All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISO's member body in the country of the requester. ISO copyright office Case postale 56  CH-1211 Geneva 20 Tel.

+ 41 22 749 01 11 Fax
+ 41 22 749 09 47 E-mail
copyright@iso.org Web
www.iso.org Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
SIST EN ISO 5755:2012

ISO 5755:2012(E) © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved iii Contents Page Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................ iv 1 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................ 1 3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................... 2 4 Sampling ................................................................................................................................................ 3 5 Test methods for normative properties .............................................................................................. 3 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 3 5.2 Chemical analysis ................................................................................................................................. 3 5.3 Open porosity ........................................................................................................................................ 3 5.4 Mechanical properties ........................................................................................................................... 4 6 Test methods for informative properties ............................................................................................ 5 6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 5 6.2 Density .................................................................................................................................................... 5 6.3 Tensile strength ..................................................................................................................................... 5 6.4 Tensile yield strength ............................................................................................................................ 5 6.5 Elongation .............................................................................................................................................. 5 6.6 Young’s modulus .................................................................................................................................. 5 6.7 Poisson’s ratio ....................................................................................................................................... 5 6.8 Impact energy ........................................................................................................................................ 6 6.9 Compressive yield strength ................................................................................................................. 6 6.10 Transverse rupture strength ................................................................................................................ 6 6.11 Fatigue strength .................................................................................................................................... 6 6.12 Apparent hardness ................................................................................................................................ 7 6.13 Coefficient of linear expansion ............................................................................................................ 7 7 Specifications ........................................................................................................................................ 7 8 Designations .......................................................................................................................................... 7 Annex A (normative)

Designation system ...................................................................................................... 33 Annex B (informative)

Microstructures ........................................................................................................... 36 Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 39

SIST EN ISO 5755:2012

ISO 5755:2012(E) iv © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved Foreword ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization. International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. ISO 5755 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 119, Powder metallurgy, Subcommittee SC 5, Specifications for powder metallurgical materials (excluding hardmetals). This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 5755:2001), which has been technically revised.

SIST EN ISO 5755:2012

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 5755:2012(E) © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 1 Sintered metal materials — Specifications 1 Scope This International Standard specifies the requirements for the chemical composition and the mechanical and physical properties of sintered metal materials used for bearings and structural parts. When selecting powder metallurgical (PM) materials, it should be taken into account that the properties depend not only on the chemical composition and density, but also on the production methods. The properties of sintered materials giving satisfactory service in particular applications may not necessarily be the same as those of wrought or cast materials that might otherwise be used. Therefore, liaison with prospective suppliers is recommended. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document.

For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. ISO 437, Steel and cast iron — Determination of total carbon content — Combustion gravimetric method ISO 1099, Metallic materials — Fatigue testing — Axial force-controlled method ISO 1143, Metallic materials — Rotating bar bending fatigue testing ISO 2738, Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals — Permeable sintered metal materials — Determination of density, oil content and open porosity ISO 2739, Sintered metal bushings — Determination of radial crushing strength ISO 2740, Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals — Tensile test pieces ISO 2795, Plain bearings — Sintered bushes — Dimensions and tolerances ISO 3325, Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals — Determination of transverse rupture strength ISO 3928, Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals — Fatigue test pieces ISO 3954, Powders for powder metallurgical purposes — Sampling ISO 4498, Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals — Determination of apparent hardness and micro-hardness ISO 5754, Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals — Unnotched impact test piece ISO 6892-1, Metallic materials — Tensile testing — Part 1: Method of test at room temperature ISO 7625, Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals — Preparation of samples for chemical analysis for determination of carbon content SIST EN ISO 5755:2012

ISO 5755:2012(E) 2 © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved ISO 14317, Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals — Determination of compressive yield strength ASTM E228, Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials with a Push-Rod Dilatometer ASTM E1875, Standard Test Method for Dynamic Young’s Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson’s Ratio by Sonic Resonance 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 tensile strength Rm ability of a test specimen to resist fracture when a pulling force is applied in a direction parallel to its longitudinal axis – expressed in MPa NOTE It is equal to the maximum load divided by the original cross-sectional area. 3.2 tensile yield strength Rp0,2 load at which the material exhibits a 0,2 % offset from proportionality on a stress-strain curve in tension, divided by the original cross-sectional area – expressed in MPa 3.3 Young’s modulus E ratio of normal stress to corresponding strain for tensile or compressive stresses below the proportional limit of the material – expressed in GPa 3.4 Poisson’s ratio v absolute value of the ratio of transverse strain to the corresponding axial strain, resulting from uniformally distributed axial stress below the proportional limit of the material 3.5 impact energy measurement of the energy absorbed when fracturing a specimen with a single blow – measured in Joules (J) 3.6 compressive yield strength stress at which a material exhibits a specified permanent set – expressed in MPa 3.7 transverse rupture strength stress, calculated from the bending strength formula, required to break a specimen of a given dimension – expressed in MPa 3.8 fatigue strength maximum alternating stress that can be sustained for a specific number of cycles without failure, the stress being reversed with each cycle unless otherwise stated – expressed in MPa SIST EN ISO 5755:2012

ISO 5755:2012(E) © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 3 3.9 radial crushing strength radial stress required to fracture a hollow cylindrical part of specified dimensions – expressed in MPa 3.10 density mass per unit volume of the material – expressed in g/cm3 3.11 apparent hardness resistance of a powder metallurgical (PM) material to indentation, tested under specified conditions; for PM materials, it is a function of the density of the material 3.12 open porosity oil content after full impregnation, divided by the volume of the test piece, and multiplied by 100 – expressed as a volume percentage 3.13 coefficient of linear expansion change in length per unit length per degree change in temperature – expressed in 106 K1 4 Sampling Sampling of powders to produce standard test pieces shall be carried out in accordance with ISO 3954. 5 Test methods for normative properties 5.1 General The following test methods shall be used to determine the normative properties given in Tables 1 to 18. 5.2 Chemical analysis The chemical composition table for each material lists the principal elements by minimum and maximum mass percentage before any additional process, such as oil impregnation, resin impregnation or steam treatment, has taken place. “Other elements” may include minor amounts of elements added for specific purposes and is reported as a maximum percentage. Whenever possible, and always in cases of dispute, the methods of chemical analysis shall be those specified in the relevant International Standards. If no International Standard is available, the method may be agreed upon and specified at the time of enquiry and order. Samples for the determination of total carbon content shall be prepared in accordance with ISO 7625. Determination of the total carbon content shall be in accordance with ISO 437. 5.3 Open porosity The open porosity shall be determined in accordance with ISO 2738. SIST EN ISO 5755:2012

ISO 5755:2012(E) 4 © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 5.4 Mechanical properties 5.4.1 General The as-sintered mechanical properties given in Tables 1 to 18 were determined on pressed and sintered test pieces with a mean chemical composition. The heat-treated mechanical properties given in Tables 1 to 18 were determined on test bars which were either pressed and sintered or machined from pressed and sintered blanks. They are intended as a guide to the initial selection of materials (see also Clause 1). They may also be used as a basis for specifying any special tests that may be indicated on the drawing. The mechanical properties shall neither be calculated from hardness values nor be determined on tensile test pieces taken from a component and used for verifying the values given in Tables 1 to 18. If the customer requires that a specified level of mechanical properties be obtained by tests on the component, these shall be agreed with the supplier and shall be stated on the drawing and/or any technical documentation of the customer referred to on the drawing. 5.4.2 Tensile properties The ultimate tensile strength and the yield strength shall be determined in accordance with ISO 2740 and, ISO 6892-1. For heat-treated materials, tensile strength and yield strength are approximately equal and in this case, tensile strength is specified. The normative yield strengths (as-sintered condition) and ultimate tensile strengths (heat-treated condition) are shown as minimum values. These strengths may be used in designing PM part applications. To select a material which is optimum in both properties and cost-effectiveness, it is essential that the part application be discussed with the PM parts manufacturer. The minimum values were developed from tensile specimens prepared specifically for evaluating PM materials. Tensile specimens machined from commercial parts may differ from those obtained from prepared tensile specimens. To evaluate the part strength, it is recommended that static or dynamic proof-testing be agreed between the purchaser and the manufacturer and carried out on the first production lot of parts. The results of testing to failure can be used statistically to determine a minimum breaking force for future production lots. Acceptable strength can also be demonstrated by processing tensile specimens prepared specifically for evaluating PM materials manufactured from the same batch of powder as the production parts and processed with them. As indicated above, the testing of test bars machined from the PM component is the least desirable method for demonstrating minimum properties. For heat-treated properties, the test bars were quench-hardened and tempered to increase the strength, hardness and wear resistance. Tempering is essential to develop the properties given in this International Standard. Heat-treat equipment that utilizes a gas atmosphere or vacuum is recommended. The use of liquid salts is not recommended due to entrapment of the salts in the porosity causing “salt bleed-out” and “internal corrosion”. Some materials may be heat-treated directly after the sintering process by controlling the cooling rate within the sintering furnace. This process is usually known as “sinter hardening”. Materials processed by this route also require tempering to develop their optimum strengths. 5.4.3 Radial crushing strength The radial crushing strength shall be determined in accordance with ISO 2739. The wall thicknesses of test pieces to be used shall be in the range covered by ISO 2795. For test pieces outside this range, the specified radial crushing strength values are different and shall be agreed between the customer and the supplier. SIST EN ISO 5755:2012

ISO 5755:2012(E) © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 5 6 Test methods for informative properties 6.1 General Typical values are given for each material; these include tensile and yield strengths. These typical values are given for general guidance only. They should not be used as minimum values. These typical properties should be achievable through normal manufacturing processing. Again, any specific tests on components should be discussed and agreed between the purchaser and the manufacturer. 6.2 Density Density is expressed in grams per cubic centimetre (g/cm3). The density shall be determined in accordance with ISO 2738. Density is normally determined after the removal of any oils or non-metallic materials from the porosity and is known as the “dry density”. The “wet density” is sometimes reported on production bearings or parts, this is the mass per unit volume, including any oil or non-metallic material that has impregnated the component. 6.3 Tensile strength The tensile strength shall be determined in accordance with ISO 2740 and ISO 6892-1. 6.4 Tensile yield strength The tensile yield strength shall be determined in accordance with ISO 2740 and ISO 6892-1. 6.5 Elongation Elongation (plastic) shall be determined in accordance with ISO 6892-1. It is expressed as a percentage of the original gauge length (usually 25 mm), and is determined by on measuring the increase in gauge length after the fracture, providing the fracture takes place within the gauge length. Elongation can also be measured with a break-away extensometer on a tensile specimen. The recorded stress/strain curve displays total elongation (elastic and plastic). The elastic strain must be subtracted from the total elongation to give the plastic elongation (this can sometimes be provided with the test machine’s software). 6.6 Young’s modulus Young’s modulus shall be determined in accordance with ASTM E1875. Data for the elastic constants in this International Standard were generated from resonant frequency testing. An equation relating the three elastic constants is: 21vEG where v is Poisson’s ratio; E is Young’s modulus; G is the shear modulus. 6.7 Poisson’s ratio Poisson’s ratio shall be determined in accordance with ASTM E1875. SIST EN ISO 5755:2012

ISO 5755:2012(E) 6 © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 6.8 Impact energy The impact energy shall be determined in accordance with ISO 5754. The data in this International Standard were obtained using an unnotched Charpy specimen. 6.9 Compressive yield strength The compressive yield strength shall be determined in accordance with ISO 14317. For certain heat-treated materials listed in the tables, the hardenability is not sufficient to completely through-harden the 9,00 mm diameter test specimen. Due to variation in hardenability among the heat-treated steels listed in the tables, the compressive yield strength data are appropriate only for 9,00 mm sections. Typically, smaller cross-sections have higher compressive yield strengths and larger sections have somewhat lower strengths due to the hardenability response. Since the cross-section of the tensile yield test specimen is smaller than the compressive yield specimen, a direct correspondence between tensile and compressive yield strength data is not possible. 6.10 Transverse rupture strength The transverse rupture strength shall be determined in accordance with ISO 3325. The strength formula in ISO 3325 is strictly valid only for non-ductile materials; nevertheless, it is widely used for materials that bend at fracture, and is useful for establishing comparative strengths. Data for such materials are included as typical properties in ISO 3325. 6.11 Fatigue strength 6.11.1 General The number of cycles survived should be stated with each strength listed. For PM ferrous materials, like wrought ferrous materials, fatigue strengths of 107 cycles in duration using

unnotched specimens are considered to be sustainable indefinitely and are therefore considered to be fatigue limits (also termed endurance limits). By contrast, non-ferrous PM materials do not have 107 cycle maximum fatigue strengths sustainable for indefinite times and these stress limits therefore simply remain as the fatigue strength at 107 cycles. The fatigue limits in this International Standard were generated through statistical analysis of the test data. Due to the limited number of data points available for the analysis, these fatigue strengths were determined as the 90 % survival stress, i.e. the fatigue stress at which 90 % of the test specimens survived 107 cycles. There are three methods of stressing the test specimens and each gives different fatigue strengths. These are described in 6.11.2 to 6.11.4. 6.11.2 Rotating bending fatigue strength This test method uses a machined, round, smooth test specimen (in accordance with ISO 3928), with an R. R. Moore testing machine. Testing is conducted in accordance with ISO 1143. The specimen is held at one end and rotated while it is stressed at the other end. The surface of the test bar is the most highly stressed area and the centre line has a neutral stress. This test method gives the highest fatigue strength. 6.11.3 Plane-bending fatigue strength This method used for plane-bending fatigue uses a standard sintered fatigue test bar (in accordance with ISO 3928) that is subjected to an alternating stress. This test method gives a slightly lower fatigue strength than the rotating bending fatigue test, as more of the cross-sectional area is subjected to the stress. Evaluation of fatigue strength is done according to the staircase method described in MPIF Standard 56. SIST EN ISO 5755:2012

ISO 5755:2012(E) © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 7 6.11.4 Axial fatigue strength This method uses either a machined, round or standard sintered fatigue test bar (in accordance with ISO 3928) that is tested in a test machine by clamping both ends and subjecting the test bar to alternating stresses where R = 1. Testing is conducted in accordance with ISO 1099. As the whole of the cross-section is stressed, this test method gives the lowest fatigue strength. 6.12 Apparent hardness The apparent hardness shall be determined in accordance with ISO 4498. The hardness value of a PM part when using a conventional indentation hardness tester is referred to as “apparent hardness” because it represents a combination of matrix hardness plus the effect of porosity. Apparent hardness measures the resistance to indentation. Because of possible density variations in a finished PM part, the location of critical apparent hardness measurements should be specified on the engineering drawing of the part. As surface pore closure can affect the apparent hardness, the surface condition should also be specified. 6.13 Coefficient of linear expansion The coefficient of linear expansion shall be determined in accordance with ASTM E228. 7 Specifications The chemical composition and mechanical properties are given in Tables 1 to 18. The liquid lubricant content of materials for bearings, impregnated with liquid lubricant, shall be not less than 90 % of the measured open porosity. 8 Designations Designations shall be in accordance with Annex A.

SIST EN ISO 5755:2012

ISO 5755:2012(E) Table 1 — Non-ferrous materials for bearings: bronze and bronze with graphite

Gradea Normative values Informative values Chemical composition Open porosity min. Radial crushing strength min. Density (dry) Coefficient of linear expansion Graphite Sn Cu Total other elements max.

% p % K MPa  g/cm3 106 K-1 Bronze -C-T10-K110
8,5 to 11,0 Balance 2 27 110 6,1 18 -C-T10-K140
8,5 to 11,0 Balance 2 22 140 6,6 18 -C-T10-K180

8,5 to 11,0 Balance 2 15 180 7,0 18 Bronze with graphite -C-T10G-K90 0,5 to 2,0 8,5 to 11,0 Balance 2 27 90 5,9 18 -C-T10G-K110b 0,5 to 2,0 8,5 to 11,0 Balance 2 25 110 6,0 18 -C-T10G-K120 0,5 to 2,0 8,5 to 11,0 Balance 2 22 120 6,4 18 -C-T10G-K170b 0,5 to 2,0 8,5 to 11,0 Balance 2 19 170 6,5 18 -C-T10G-K160 0,5 to 2,0 8,5 to 11,0 Balance 2 17 160 6,8 18 -C-T10G-K115 3 to 5 8,5 to 11,0 Balance 2 11 115 6,8 19 a All materials can be oil-impregnated. b These materials have a higher strength than would be expected from the porosity listed, which may require different sintering parameters.

8© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved SIST EN ISO 5755:2012

ISO 5755:2012(E) Table 2 — Ferrous materials for bearings: iron, iron-copper, iron-bronze and iron-carbon graphite

Gradea Normative values Informative values Chemical composition Open porosity min. Radial crushing strength Density (dry) Coefficient of linear expansion C combinedb Cu Sn Graphite Fe Total other elements max.

% p % K MPa  g/cm3 106 K1 Iron -F-00-K170 <0,3
Balance 2 22 >170 5,8 12 -F-00-K220 <0,3
Balance 2 17 >220 6,2 12 Iron copper -F-00C2-K200 <0,3 1 to 4
Balance 2 22 >200 5,8 12 -F-00C2-K250 <0,3 1 to 4
Balance 2 17 >250 6,2 12 -F-03C22-K150 <0,5 18 to 25
Balance 2 18 >150 6,4 13 -F-03C22G-K150 <0,5 18 to 25
0,3 to 1,0 Balance 2 18 >150 6,4 13 -F-03C22G-K200d <0,5 18 to 25
1,0 to 3,0 Balance 2 18 >200 6,4 13 -F-03C25T-K120 <0,5 20 to 30 1,0 to 3,0

Balance 2 17 120 to 250 6,4 13 Iron bronzec -F-03C36T-K90 <0,5 34 to 38 3,5 to 4,5 0,3 to 1,0 Balance 2 24 90 to 265 5,8 14 -F-03C36T-K120 <0,5 34 to 38 3,5 to

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