Machines and installations for the exploitation and processing of natural stone - Safety - Part 1: Requirements for stationary diamond wire saws

This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, as listed in Annex A, which are relevant to stationary diamond wire saws (stationary diamond mono-wire saws and stationary diamond multi-wire saws), as defined in Clause 3.
Stationary diamond wire saws may be used in quarries or in sawmill for cutting natural stones (e.g. marble, granite), when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A).
This document deals only with stationary diamond wire saws using coated diamond wire as tool.
This document specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards.
This document deals all significant hazards that may occur within the expected lifetime of the machinery including the phases of transport, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping.
This document does not deal with the significant hazards arising by the use of other facilities/devices not described in this document, that may be fitted on the machines or that may be used during the work cycle.
This document does not deal with:
a)   operation under extreme ambient conditions (outside the limits defined in EN 60204-1:2018);
b)   upstream and downstream conveying elements, not integrated with stationary diamond wire saws, for transporting of the work-pieces.
This document is not applicable to machines which are manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

Maschinen und Anlagen zur Gewinnung und Bearbeitung von Naturstein — Sicherheit — Teil 1: Anforderungen für stationäre Diamantseilsägen

Dieses Dokument behandelt alle in Anhang A aufgeführten signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungs-situationen und Gefährdungsereignisse, die für stationäre Diamantseilsägen (stationäre Diamanteinzel-seilsägen und stationäre Diamantmehrfachseilsägen) wie in Abschnitt 3 festgelegt maßgebend sind, wenn sie bestimmungsgemäß und unter Bedingungen der Fehlanwendung, die vernünftigerweise vom Hersteller vorhersehbar sind, verwendet werden.
Stationäre Diamantseilsägen können in Steinbrüchen oder in Sägewerken zum Schneiden von Natursteinen (z. B. Marmor, Granit) verwendet werden (siehe Anhang A).
Dieses Dokument behandelt ausschließlich stationäre Diamantseilsägen mit beschichteten Diamantseil-werkzeugen.
Dieses Dokument legt die geeigneten technischen Maßnahmen fest, um die aus den signifikanten Gefährdungen resultierenden Risiken zu beseitigen oder zu verringern.
Dieses Dokument behandelt alle signifikanten Gefährdungen, die innerhalb der erwarteten Lebensdauer der Maschinen auftreten könnten, einschließlich der Phasen Transport, Montage, Demontage, Außer-betriebnahme und Verschrottung.
Dieses Dokument befasst sich nicht mit den signifikanten Gefährdungen, die sich aus der Verwendung anderer in diesem Dokument nicht beschriebener Vorrichtungen/Geräte ergeben, die an den Maschinen angebracht sein könnten oder während des Arbeitszyklus verwendet werden können.
Dieses Dokument ist nicht anzuwenden für:
1)   Maschinen, die für den Betrieb in explosionsgefährdeten Bereichen vorgesehen sind;
2)   Maschinen, die vor dem Datum der Veröffentlichung dieses Dokuments hergestellt wurden.

Machines et installations pour l’exploitation et la transformation de la pierre naturelle - Sécurité - Partie 1 : Prescriptions pour les scies à fil diamanté stationnaires

Le présent document traite de tous les phénomènes dangereux, situations dangereuses et événements dangereux significatifs, tels qu’énumérés dans l’ Annexe A, qui sont pertinents pour les scies à fil diamanté fixes (scies monofil diamanté fixes et scies multifils diamantés fixes), telles que définies dans l’Article 3, lorsqu’elles sont utilisées comme prévu et dans des conditions de mauvaise utilisation qui sont raisonnablement prévisibles par le fabricant.
Les scies à fil diamanté fixes peuvent être utilisées dans des carrières ou dans des scieries pour couper des pierres naturelles, par exemple, le marbre, le granite (voir  Annexe A).
Le présent document traite uniquement des scies à fil diamanté fixes utilisant comme outil un fil diamanté.
Le présent document spécifie les mesures techniques appropriées pour éliminer ou réduire les risques dus aux phénomènes dangereux significatifs.
Le présent document traite de tous les phénomènes dangereux pouvant survenir au cours de la durée de vie prévisible de la machine, y compris les phases de transport, de montage, de démontage, de mise hors service et de mise au rebut.
Le présent document ne traite pas des phénomènes dangereux significatifs engendrés par l’utilisation d’autres installations/dispositifs non décrits dans le présent document, qui peuvent être montés sur les machines ou utilisés pendant le cycle de travail.
Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux :
1)   machines prévues pour une utilisation en atmosphère explosible ;
2)   machines fabriquées avant la date de publication du présent document.

Stroji in oprema za pridobivanje in obdelavo naravnega kamna - Varnost - 1. del: Zahteve za nepremične enožične diamantne žage

Ta dokument obravnava vsa večja tveganja, nevarne situacije in nevarne dogodke, navedene v dodatku A, v zvezi z nepremičnimi žičnimi diamantnimi žagami (nepremičnimi enožičnimi diamantnimi žagami in nepremičnimi diamantnimi večžičnimi žagami), kot so opredeljene v točki 3.
Nepremične žične diamantne žage se lahko uporabljajo v kamnolomih ali žagarskih obratih za žaganje naravnega kamna (npr. marmorja, granita), kadar se uporabljajo v skladu s predvidenim namenom in pod pogoji razumno predvidljive nepravilne uporabe, ki jih določa proizvajalec (glej dodatek A).
Ta dokument obravnava samo tiste nepremične žične diamantne žage, pri katerih se kot delovno orodje uporablja prevlečena diamantna žica.
Ta dokument določa ustrezne tehnične ukrepe za odpravljanje ali zmanjšanje tveganj, ki izhajajo iz večjih nevarnosti.
Ta dokument obravnava vsa večja tveganja v okviru predvidene življenjske dobe strojev, vključno s fazami transporta, sestavljanja, razstavljanja, onemogočanja in razrezovanja.
Ta dokument ne obravnava večjih tveganj, ki izhajajo iz uporabe drugih funkcij/naprav, ki niso opisane v tem dokumentu in so lahko vgrajene v stroje ali se lahko uporabljajo med delovnim ciklom.
Ta dokument ne obravnava:
a)   obratovanja v izrednih okoljskih pogojih (zunaj omejitev, določenih v standardu EN 60204-1:2018);
b)   navzgor in navzdol premikajočih se elementov, ki niso vgrajeni v nepremične žične diamantne žage, za transport obdelovancev.
Ta dokument se ne uporablja za stroje, izdelane preden je CEN izdal ta dokument.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
29-Sep-2022
Withdrawal Date
30-Dec-2022
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Start Date
08-Jun-2022
Due Date
15-Mar-2021
Completion Date
08-Jun-2022

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Standards Content (Sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 15163-1:2022
01-september-2022
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 15163:2017
Stroji in oprema za pridobivanje in obdelavo naravnega kamna - Varnost - 1. del:
Zahteve za nepremične enožične diamantne žage

Machines and installations for the exploitation and processing of natural stone - Safety -

Part 1: Requirements for stationary diamond wire saws

Maschinen und Anlagen zur Gewinnung und Bearbeitung von Naturstein - Sicherheit -

Teil 1: Anforderungen für stationäre Diamantseilsägen

Machines et installations pour l’exploitation et la transformation de la pierre naturelle -

Sécurité - Partie 1 : Prescriptions pour les scies à fil diamanté fixes
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 15163-1:2022
ICS:
25.100.40 Žagni listi Saws
73.120 Oprema za predelavo rudnin Equipment for processing of
minerals
SIST EN 15163-1:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 15163-1:2022
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 15163-1:2022
EN 15163-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
June 2022
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 73.120 Supersedes EN 15163:2017
English Version
Machines and installations for the exploitation and
processing of natural stone - Safety - Part 1: Requirements
for stationary diamond wire saws

Machines et installations pour l'exploitation et la Maschinen und Anlagen zur Gewinnung und

transformation de la pierre naturelle - Sécurité - Partie Bearbeitung von Naturstein - Sicherheit - Teil 1:

1 : Prescriptions pour les scies à fil diamanté fixes Anforderungen für stationäre Diamantseilsägen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 27 March 2022.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2022 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 15163-1:2022 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 15163-1:2022
EN 15163-1:2022 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures ............................................ 16

4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

4.2 Controls ............................................................................................................................................................ 17

4.2.1 Safety and reliability of control systems ............................................................................................. 17

4.2.2 Position of controls ...................................................................................................................................... 17

4.2.3 Starting ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

4.2.4 Normal stop .................................................................................................................................................... 18

4.2.5 Emergency stop ............................................................................................................................................. 19

4.2.6 Mode selection .............................................................................................................................................. 19

4.2.7 Failure of power supply ............................................................................................................................. 20

4.3 Protection against mechanical hazards ............................................................................................... 21

4.3.1 Transport of the machine .......................................................................................................................... 21

4.3.2 Installation and stability of machine .................................................................................................... 21

4.3.3 Prevention of access to moving parts ................................................................................................... 21

4.3.4 Safeguards to minimize the effect of ejection .................................................................................... 23

4.4 Protections against no mechanical hazards ....................................................................................... 27

4.4.1 Fire..................................................................................................................................................................... 27

4.4.2 Noise ................................................................................................................................................................. 28

4.4.3 Electrical hazards ......................................................................................................................................... 28

4.4.4 Ergonomics and handling .......................................................................................................................... 29

4.4.5 Hydraulic and pneumatic components ................................................................................................ 29

4.4.6 Electromagnetic compatibility ................................................................................................................ 29

4.4.7 Laser radiation .............................................................................................................................................. 30

4.4.8 Isolation from energy sources ................................................................................................................. 30

4.4.9 Hazardous materials and substances ................................................................................................... 30

4.4.10 Risk of slipping, tripping or falling ........................................................................................................ 30

4.4.11 Lightning ......................................................................................................................................................... 34

4.4.12 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................... 34

5 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 34

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 34

5.2 Signals and warning devices .................................................................................................................... 34

5.3 Marking, signs and written warnings ................................................................................................... 34

5.4 Instruction handbook ................................................................................................................................. 35

5.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 35

5.4.2 Operator’s instruction ................................................................................................................................ 35

5.4.3 Maintenance instruction ........................................................................................................................... 38

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards ........................................................................................... 40

Annex B (normative) Noise test code ................................................................................................................... 43

B.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................... 43

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SIST EN 15163-1:2022
EN 15163-1:2022 (E)

B.2 Measurement of the A-weighted emission sound pressure level at the operator's

positions or other specified positions ................................................................................................... 43

B.2.1 Basic standards ............................................................................................................................................. 43

B.2.2 Measurement procedure and positions ............................................................................................... 43

B.2.3 Measurement uncertainty ......................................................................................................................... 44

B.3 Determination of A-weighted sound-power level............................................................................. 44

B.3.1 Measurement procedure and positions ............................................................................................... 44

B.4 Installation, mounting and operating conditions for noise emission measurement ........... 44

B.5 Information to be recorded and reported ........................................................................................... 45

B.6 Declaration and verification of noise emission values ................................................................... 47

B.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 47

B.6.2 Example of a declaration of noise emission values in the instruction handbook for

stationary diamond wire saws ................................................................................................................. 48

Annex C (informative) Types of granites for noise test measurement ..................................................... 53

Annex D (normative) Rigid guards on stationary diamond wire saws-- Impact test method ......... 56

D.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 56

D.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 56

D.2.1 Preliminary remarks ................................................................................................................................... 56

D.2.2 Testing equipment ....................................................................................................................................... 56

D.2.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 56

D.2.2.2 Projectiles ........................................................................................................................................................ 56

D.2.2.3 Sampling and supporting the guard under test ................................................................................. 57

D.2.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 57

D.3 Results .............................................................................................................................................................. 57

D.4 Assessment...................................................................................................................................................... 58

D.5 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 58

D.6 Example of propulsion device for impact test .................................................................................... 58

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ...................................................... 60

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 63

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SIST EN 15163-1:2022
EN 15163-1:2022 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 15163-1:2022) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 151

“Construction equipment and building material machines - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by

DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2022, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by December 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 15163:2017.

This document has been prepared under a Standardization Request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU

Directive(s) / Regulation(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s) / Regulation(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part

of this document.

This document deals with safety requirements of stationary diamond wire saws previously treated in

EN 15163:2017 with safety requirements of transportable diamond wire saws now treated in

EN 15163-2:2022. As safety requirements related two types of machines have been separated, this

document edition is completely different from the previous one.

Safety requirements treated in Clause 4, information for use treated in Clause 5 and related annexes have

been deeply modified, in addition, the following changes have been introduced:

— list of the significant hazards has been moved from Clause 4 to Annex A, according to 6.10.3.1 of

CEN Guide 414;
— normative references have been modified and updated to Clause 2;

— new terms and definitions have been introduced and improved to Clause 3 (e.g. coated diamond

wire);
— Annex ZA has been modified according to the last edition of CEN Guide 414.

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
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SIST EN 15163-1:2022
EN 15163-1:2022 (E)
Introduction

This document has been prepared to be a harmonized standard to provide one means of conforming to

the essential health and safety requirements of the Machinery Directive and associated EFTA Regulations.

This document is a type-C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the market

players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance, etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events are

covered are indicated in the scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or type-B

standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other

standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this type-C

standard.
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SIST EN 15163-1:2022
EN 15163-1:2022 (E)
1 Scope

This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events as listed in Annex A,

which are relevant to stationary diamond wire saws (stationary diamond mono-wire saws and stationary

diamond multi-wire saws), as defined in Clause 3, when they are used as intended and under conditions

of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.

Stationary diamond wire saws can be used in quarries or in sawmill for cutting natural stones, e.g. marble,

granite (see Annex A).

This document deals only with stationary diamond wire saws using coated diamond wire as tool.

This document specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the

significant hazards.

This document deals all significant hazards that could occur within the expected lifetime of the machinery

including the phases of transport, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping.

This document does not deal with the significant hazards arising by the use of other facilities/devices not

described in this document, that could be fitted on the machines or that can be used during the work

cycle.
This document does not apply to:
1) machines intended for operation in a potentially explosive atmosphere;

2) machines which are manufactured before the date of publication of this document.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 166:2001, Personal eye-protection — Specifications

EN 207:2017, Personal eye-protection equipment — Filters and eye-protectors against laser radiation

(laser eye-protectors)

EN 1005-2:2003+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Human physical performance — Part 2: Manual

handling of machinery and component parts of machinery

EN 1005-4:2005+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Human physical performance — Part 4: Evaluation of

working postures and movements in relation to machinery

EN 50370-2:2003, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Product family standard for machine tools —

Part 2: Immunity

EN 60204-1:2018, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements

(IEC 60204-1:2016)
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 15163-1:2022
EN 15163-1:2022 (E)

EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989)

EN 60825-1:2014, Safety of laser products — Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements

(IEC 60825-1:2014)

EN ISO 4413:2010, Hydraulic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4413:2010)

EN ISO 4414:2010, Pneumatic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4414:2010)

EN ISO 4871:2009, Acoustics — Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and

equipment (ISO 4871:1996)

EN ISO 11201:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions in an essentially free field over a

reflecting plane with negligible environmental corrections (ISO 11201:2010)

EN ISO 11202:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying approximate environmental

corrections (ISO 11202:2010)

EN ISO 11204:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying accurate environmental

corrections (ISO 11204:2010)

EN ISO 11688-1:2009, Acoustics — Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and

equipment — Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)
EN 13236:2019, Safety requirements for superabrasive products

EN ISO 13849-1:2015, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General

principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2015)

EN ISO 13850:2015, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop function — Principles for design (ISO

13850:2015)

EN ISO 13857:2019, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by

upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2019)

EN ISO 14118:2018, Safety of machinery — Prevention of unexpected start-up (ISO 14118:2017)

EN ISO 14119:2013, Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles for

design and selection (ISO 14119:2013)

As impacted by EN 60529:1991/AC:2006-12, EN 60529:1991/A1:2000, EN 60529:1991/A2:2013 and

EN 60529:1991/A2:2013/AC:2019-02.
As impacted by EN 60825-1:2014/AC:2017-06, EN 60825-1:2014/A11:2020.
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SIST EN 15163-1:2022
EN 15163-1:2022 (E)

EN ISO 14120:2015, Safety of machinery — Guards — General requirements for the design and

construction of fixed and movable guards (ISO 14120:2015)

EN ISO 14122-2:2016, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 2: Working

platforms and walkways (ISO 14122-2:2016)

EN ISO 14122-3:2016, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 3: Stairs,

stepladders and guard-rails (ISO 14122-3:2016)

EN ISO 14122-4:2016, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 4: Fixed

ladders (ISO 14122-4:2016)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https://www.electropedia.org/
3.1
stationary diamond wire saw

integrated fed machine designed for cutting natural stones (e.g. marble, granite), in quarries or in

sawmills, by the use of one or more coated diamond wires as tools and not intended to be easily

transported

Note 1 to entry: Stationary diamond wire saw may work in one main axis as well as in several axes.

Note 2 to entry: Stationary diamond wire saws include two types of machines as listed below:

— stationary diamond mono-wire saws;
— stationary diamond multi-wire saws.
3.1.1
stationary diamond mono-wire saw

stationary diamond wire saw, intended for both indoor and outdoor use, powered by an electric motor

as main drive, for cutting natural stones into benches, blocks and slabs using an only coated diamond

wire as tool and where the cutting is performed by the movement of the wire joined to the moving down

of the structure of machine along its vertical columns or joined to the horizontal translation of the

machinery or the block trolley

Note 1 to entry: During cutting operation, the coated diamond wire can be cooled by water.

3.1.1.1
travelling diamond mono-wire saw

stationary diamond mono-wire saw (see Figure 1) with a carriage on which the machinery may move

towards the stone block

Note 1 to entry: The machinery, by means of the movement on its carriage, in addition to the vertical cutting,

allows performing the horizontal cutting of the stone block.
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SIST EN 15163-1:2022
EN 15163-1:2022 (E)
Key
1 guard 4 carriage 7 block
2 machine frame 5 guide wheel 8 coated diamond wire
3 drive wheel 6 sill
Figure 1 — Example of a travelling diamond mono-wire saw
3.1.1.2
stationary block diamond mono-wire saw

stationary diamond mono-wire saw (see Figures 2 and 3) standing on its foundations and the stone block

may be moved under the machinery by a block trolley

Note 1 to entry: If the stone block is moved by the block trolley, the machinery, by means of the movement of the

block trolley on its rails, in addition to the vertical cutting, allows performing the horizontal cutting of the stone

block.

Note 2 to entry: See Figure 2 for a stationary block diamond mono-wire saw with block trolley and Figure 3 for a

stationary block diamond mono-wire saw without block trolley.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 15163-1:2022
EN 15163-1:2022 (E)
Key
1 guard 4 foundations 7 block trolley
2 machine frame 5 guide wheel 8 coated diamond wire
3 drive wheel 6 rails for block trolley

Figure 2 — Example of a stationary block diamond mono-wire saw with block trolley

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SIST EN 15163-1:2022
EN 15163-1:2022 (E)
Key
1 guard 4 foundations 7 sill
2 machine frame 5 guide wheel 8 coated diamond wire
3 drive wheel 6 block

Figure 3 — Example of a stationary block diamond mono-wire saw without block trolley

3.1.1.3
stationary-mobile combined diamond mono-wire saw

stationary diamond mono-wire (see Figure 4) saw constituted by two frames, the first one is standing on

its foundations, the second one is mobile on its rails and may move towards the stone block

Note 1 to entry: The machinery, through of the movement on its rails, in addition to the vertical cutting, allows

performing the horizontal cutting of the stone block.
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SIST EN 15163-1:2022
EN 15163-1:2022 (E)
Key
1 stationary wire saw 5 block 9 tensioning wire wheel
2 mobile wire saw 6 machine frame 10 coated diamond wire
3 mobile wire saw rails 7 drive wheel 11 guard
4 block trolley 8 idle wire wheel
Figure 4 — Example of a stationary-mobile combined diamond mono-wire saw
3.1.2
stationary diamond multi-wire saw

stationary diamond wire saw, intended both for indoor and outdoor use, powered by an electric motor

as main drive, for cutting blocks of natural stones into slabs using more coated diamond wires as tools

and where the cutting is performed by the movement of the wires joined to the moving down of the

structure of machine along its vertical columns (see Figure 5), or joined the rising of the block trolley (see

Figure 6)

Note 1 to entry: During the cutting operation, the diamond wires can be cooled by water.

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SIST EN 15163-1:2022
EN 15163-1:2022 (E
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020
01-september-2020
Stroji in oprema za pridobivanje in obdelavo naravnega kamna - Varnost - 1. del:
Zahteve za nepremične enožične diamantne žage

Machines and installations for the exploitation and processing of natural stone - Safety -

Part 1: Requirements for stationary diamond wire saws

Maschinen und Anlagen zur Gewinnung und Bearbeitung von Naturstein - Sicherheit -

Teil 1: Anforderungen für stationäre Diamantseilsägen

Machines et installations pour l'exploitation et la transformation de la pierre naturelle -

Sécurité - Partie 1 : Prescriptions pour les scies à fil diamanté stationnaires
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 15163-1
ICS:
25.100.40 Žagni listi Saws
73.120 Oprema za predelavo rudnin Equipment for processing of
minerals
oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020
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oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 15163-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
June 2020
ICS 73.120 Will supersede EN 15163:2017
English Version
Machines and installations for the exploitation and
processing of natural stone - Safety - Part 1: Requirements
for stationary diamond wire saws

Machines et installations pour l'exploitation et la Maschinen und Anlagen zur Gewinnung und

transformation de la pierre naturelle - Sécurité - Partie Bearbeitung von Naturstein - Sicherheit - Teil 1:

1 : Prescriptions pour les scies à fil diamanté Anforderungen für stationäre Diamantseilsägen

stationnaires

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 151.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 15163-1:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020
prEN 15163-1:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Safety requirements and/or protective measures .......................................................................... 16

4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

4.2 Controls ............................................................................................................................................................ 16

4.2.1 Safety and reliability of control systems ............................................................................................. 16

4.2.2 Position of controls ...................................................................................................................................... 17

4.2.3 Starting ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

4.2.4 Normal stop .................................................................................................................................................... 18

4.2.5 Emergency stop ............................................................................................................................................. 18

4.2.6 Mode selection .............................................................................................................................................. 19

4.2.7 Failure of power supply ............................................................................................................................. 20

4.2.8 Failure of the control system ................................................................................................................... 20

4.3 Protection against mechanical hazards ............................................................................................... 20

4.3.1 Transport of the machine .......................................................................................................................... 20

4.3.2 Installation and stability of machine .................................................................................................... 20

4.3.3 Prevention of access to moving parts ................................................................................................... 21

4.3.4 Safeguards and protective device to minimize the effect of ejection ........................................ 22

4.4 Protections against no mechanical hazards ....................................................................................... 25

4.4.1 Fire..................................................................................................................................................................... 25

4.4.2 Noise ................................................................................................................................................................. 25

4.4.3 Electrical hazards ......................................................................................................................................... 26

4.4.4 Lighting ............................................................................................................................................................ 26

4.4.5 Ergonomics and handling .......................................................................................................................... 26

4.4.6 Hydraulic and pneumatic components ................................................................................................ 27

4.4.7 Electromagnetic compatibility ................................................................................................................ 27

4.4.8 Laser radiation .............................................................................................................................................. 27

4.4.9 Isolation ........................................................................................................................................................... 27

4.4.10 Hazardous materials and substances ................................................................................................... 28

4.4.11 Risk of slipping, tripping or falling ........................................................................................................ 28

4.4.12 Lightning ......................................................................................................................................................... 30

4.4.13 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................... 30

5 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 30

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 30

5.2 Signals and warning devices .................................................................................................................... 30

5.3 Marking, signs and written warnings ................................................................................................... 30

5.4 Instruction handbook ................................................................................................................................. 31

5.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 31

5.4.2 Operator’s manual ....................................................................................................................................... 31

5.4.3 Maintenance manual ................................................................................................................................... 33

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards ........................................................................................... 35

Annex B (normative) Noise-test code .................................................................................................................. 38

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oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020
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B.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 38

B.2 Measurement of the A-weighted emission sound pressure level at the operator's

positions or other specified positions ................................................................................................... 38

B.2.1 Basic standards ............................................................................................................................................. 38

B.2.2 Measurement procedure and positions ............................................................................................... 38

B.2.3 Measurement uncertainty ......................................................................................................................... 39

B.3 Determination of A-weighted sound-power level............................................................................. 39

B.3.1 Measurement procedure and positions ............................................................................................... 39

B.4 Installation, mounting and operating conditions for noise-emission measurement .......... 39

B.5 Information to be recorded and reported ........................................................................................... 40

B.6 Declaration and verification of noise-emission values ................................................................... 50

B.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 50

B.6.2 Example of a declaration and verification of noise-emission values in the instruction

handbook ......................................................................................................................................................... 51

Annex C (informative) Types of granites for noise-test measurement .................................................... 54

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ...................................................... 57

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 61

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oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020
prEN 15163-1:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (prEN 15163-1:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 151

“Construction equipment and building material machines - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by

DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 15163:2017.

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of

EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

This document deals with safety requirements of stationary diamond wire saws previously treated in

EN 15163:2017 with safety requirements of transportable diamond wire saws now treated in

prEN 15163-2:2020. As safety requirements related two types of machines have been separated, this

document edition is completely different from the previous one.

Safety requirements treated in Clause 4, information for use treated in Clause 5 and related annexes have

been deeply modified, in addition, the following changes have been introduced:

— list of the significant hazards has been moved from Clause 4 to Annex A, according to Clause 6.10.3.1

of CEN Guide 414;
— normative references have been modified and updated to Clause 2;

— new terms and definitions have been introduced and improved to Clause 3 (e.g. coated diamond

wire);
— Annex ZA has been modified according to the last edition of CEN Guide 414.
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oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020
prEN 15163-1:2020 (E)
Introduction

This document has been prepared to be a harmonized standard to provide one means of conforming to

the essential health and safety requirements of the Machinery Directive and associated EFTA Regulations.

This document is a type-C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the market

players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance, etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events are

covered are indicated in the scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or type-B

standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other

standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this type-C

standard.
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oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020
prEN 15163-1:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, as listed in Annex A,

which are relevant to stationary diamond wire saws (stationary diamond mono-wire saws and stationary

diamond multi-wire saws), as defined in Clause 3.

Stationary diamond wire saws may be used in quarries or in sawmill for cutting natural stones (e.g.

marble, granite), when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably

foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A).

This document deals only with stationary diamond wire saws using coated diamond wire as tool.

This document specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the

significant hazards.

This document deals all significant hazards that may occur within the expected lifetime of the machinery

including the phases of transport, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping.

This document does not deal with the significant hazards arising by the use of other facilities/devices not

described in this document, that may be fitted on the machines or that may be used during the work cycle.

This document does not deal with:

a) operation under extreme ambient conditions (outside the limits defined in EN 60204-1:2018);

b) upstream and downstream conveying elements, not integrated with stationary diamond wire saws,

for transporting of the work-pieces.

This document is not applicable to machines which are manufactured before the date of publication of

this document by CEN.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 166:2001, Personal eye-protection — Specifications

EN 207:2017, Personal eye-protection equipment — Filters and eye-protectors against laser radiation

(laser eye-protectors)

EN 1005-2:2003+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Human physical performance — Part 2: Manual

handling of machinery and component parts of machinery

EN 1005-4:2005+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Human physical performance — Part 4: Evaluation of

working postures and movements in relation to machinery
EN 1837:1999+A1:2009, Safety of machinery — Integral lighting of machines

EN 50370-1:2005, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Product family standard for machine tools —

Part 1: Emission

EN 50370-2:2003, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Product family standard for machine tools —

Part 2: Immunity

EN 60204-1:2018, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General

requirements (IEC 60204-1:2016)
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oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020
prEN 15163-1:2020 (E)

EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989)

EN 60825-1:2014, Safety of laser products — Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements

(IEC 60825-11:2014)

EN 61439-1:2011, Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear assemblies — Part 1: General rules

(IEC 61439-1:2011)

EN ISO 4413:2010, Hydraulic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4413:2010)

EN ISO 4414:2010, Pneumatic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4414:2010)

EN ISO 4871:2009, Acoustics — Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and

equipment (ISO 4871:1996)

EN ISO 11201:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions in an essentially free field over a

reflecting plane with negligible environmental corrections (ISO 11201:2010)

EN ISO 11202:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying approximate environmental

corrections (ISO 11202:2010)

EN ISO 11204:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying accurate environmental

corrections (ISO 11204:2010)

EN ISO 11688-1:2009, Acoustics — Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and

equipment — Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)
EN 13236:2019, Safety requirements for superabrasive products

EN ISO 13849-1:2015, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General

principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2015)

EN ISO 13850:2015, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop function — Principles for design

(ISO 13850:2015)

EN ISO 13857:2019, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by

upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2019)

EN ISO 14118:2018, Safety of machinery — Prevention of unexpected start-up (ISO 14118:2017)

As impacted by EN 60529:1991/AC:2006-12, EN 60529:1991/A1:2000, EN 60529:1991/A2:2013 and EN

60529:1991/A2:2013/AC:2019-02.
As impacted by EN 60825-1:2014/AC:2017-06, EN 60825-1:2014/A11:2020.
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oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020
prEN 15163-1:2020 (E)

EN ISO 14119:2013, Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles for

design and selection (ISO 14119:2013)

EN ISO 14120:2015, Safety of machinery — Guards — General requirements for the design and

construction of fixed and movable guards (ISO 14120:2015)

EN ISO 14122-2:2016, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 2: Working

platforms and walkways (ISO 14122-2:2016)

EN ISO 14122-3:2016, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 3: Stairs,

stepladders and guard-rails (ISO 14122-3:2016)

EN ISO 14122-4:2016, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 4: Fixed

ladders (ISO 14122-4:2016)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
3.1
stationary diamond wire saw

integrated fed machine designed for cutting natural stones (e.g. marble, granite), in quarries or in

sawmills, by the use of one or more coated diamond wires as tools

Note 1 to entry: Stationary diamond wire saw may work in one main axis as well as in several axes.

Note 2 to entry: Stationary diamond wire saws include two types of machines as listed below:

— stationary diamond mono-wire saws;
— stationary diamond multi-wire saws.
3.1.1
stationary diamond mono-wire saw

diamond wire saw, intended for both indoor and outdoor use, powered by an electric motor as main drive,

for cutting natural stones into benches, blocks and slabs using an only coated diamond wire as tool and

where the cutting is performed by the movement of the wire joined to the moving down of the structure

of machine along its vertical columns or joined to the horizontal translation of the machinery or the block

trolley

Note 1 to entry: During cutting operation, the coated diamond wire can be cooled by water.

3.1.1.1
travelling diamond mono-wire saw

stationary diamond mono-wire saw with a carriage on which the machinery may move towards the stone

block

Note 1 to entry: The machinery, by means of the movement on its carriage, in addition to the vertical cutting,

allows performing the horizontal cutting of the stone block.
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oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020
prEN 15163-1:2020 (E)
Key
1 guard 4 carriage 7 block
2 machine frame 5 guide wheel 8 coated diamond wire
3 wire wheel 6 sill
Figure 1 — Example of a travelling diamond mono-wire saw
3.1.1.2
stationary block diamond mono-wire saw

stationary diamond mono-wire saw standing on its foundations and the stone block may be moved under

the machinery by a block trolley, or by other machines or devices not integrated with the machinery

Note 1 to entry: If the stone block is moved by the block trolley, the machinery, by means of the movement of the

block trolley on its rails, in addition to the vertical cutting, allows performing the horizontal cutting of the stone

block.

Note 2 to entry: See Figure 2 for a stationary block diamond mono-wire saw with block trolley and Figure 3 for a

stationary block diamond mono-wire saw without block trolley.
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oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020
prEN 15163-1:2020 (E)
Key
1 guard 4 foundations 7 block trolley
2 machine frame 5 guide wheel 8 coated diamond wire
3 wire wheel 6 rails for block trolley

Figure 2 — Example of a stationary block diamond mono-wire saw with block trolley

Key
1 guard 4 foundations 7 sill
2 machine frame 5 guide wheel 8 coated diamond wire
3 wire wheel 6 block

Figure 3 — Example of a stationary block diamond mono-wire saw without block trolley

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oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020
prEN 15163-1:2020 (E)
3.1.1.3
stationary-mobile combined diamond mono-wire saw

stationary diamond mono-wire saw constituted by two frames, the first one is standing on its

foundations, the second one is mobile on its rails and may move towards the stone block

Note 1 to entry: The machinery, through of the movement on its rails, in addition to the vertical cutting, allows

performing the horizontal cutting of the stone block.
Key
1 stationary wire saw 5 block 9 tensioning wire wheel
2 mobile wire saw 6 machine frame 10 coated diamond wire
3 mobile wire saw rails 7 drive wheel 11 guard
4 block trolley 8 idle wire wheel
Figure 4 — Example of a stationary-mobile combined diamond mono-wire saw
3.1.2
stationary diamond multi-wire saw

diamond wire saw, intended both for indoor and outdoor use, powered by an electric motor as main drive,

for cutting blocks of natural stones into slabs using more diamond wires as tools and where the cutting

is performed by the movement of the wires joined to moving down of the structure of machine along its

vertical columns

Note 1 to entry: During the cutting operation the diamond wires can be cooled by water.

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oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020
prEN 15163-1:2020 (E)
Key
1 machine frame 5 tensioning wire wheel 9 block
2 saw frame 6 guard 10 guide-wire wheel
3 drive wheel 7 coated diamond wire 11 trolley rail
4 idle wire wheel 8 block trolley

Figure 5 — Example of a stationary diamond multi-wire saw with a single drive-wheel

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oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020
prEN 15163-1:2020 (E)
Key
1 machine frame 4 tensioning wire wheel 7 block trolley
2 drive wheel 5 coated diamond wire 8 block
3 idle wire wheel 6 guard 9 trolley rail
Figure 6 — Example of a stationary diamond multi-wire saw
3.2
coated diamond wire

plastic or rubber assembled diamond wire injected with polymer with no modification of the supporting

steel cable section and used as a tool during the cutting

Note 1 to entry: The polymer, penetrating inside the strands under the threaded diamond beads creates a biting

effect between the steel wire and the beads, reducing the probability of ejection of them in case of whiplash (3.22).

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oSIST prEN 15163-1:2020
prEN 15163-1:2020 (E)
Key
1 steel wire 3 thermoplastic polymer or vulcanized rubber
2 diamond beads 4 spring
Figure 7 — Example of a coated diamond wire
3.3
damaged wire
coated diamond wire or part of it that no longer meets the safety requirements
3.4
worn wire
coated diamond wire which has lost its cutting power
3.5
remanufactured wire

operation, made by coated diamond wire manufacturer, of remanufacturing of the wire which allows to

obtain again the mechanical features such to satisfy its safety requirements
3.6
wire coupling

connection of two ends of the coated diamond wire forming a ring and allow the execution of the cut

3.7
block

square natural stone being processed to a half-finished product in natural stone extraction

3.8
block trolley

work piece table, integrated with the machine, on which blocks are placed to be processed by the

stationary diamond mono or multi wire saw
3.9
wire wheel
rotating wheel on which the coated diamond wire is guided
3.10
guide wheel
mostly smaller wire wheels guiding precisely and stabili
...

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