European Learner Mobility - Achievement information (EuroLMAI)

This European Standard specifies a model for the recording and exchange of learner achievement information among student management information systems, as well as the aggregation of information by third party suppliers.
The model proposed within this European Standard is not intended to define the representation of the entire spectrum of Learner Mobility information - the scope of the standard is restricted to the definition of the electronic representation of official, institutionally attested achievement information for learners engaged in formal learning processes, in order to facilitate its recording and subsequent exchange within the European education area.
Achievement Information structured and presented in compliance with this standard may, of course, be used for other purposes - for instance, to provide descriptions of achievement to enrich a learner-owned report, in terms of an e-portfolio. However, guidance on the specification and the organisation of information for purposes other than the representation of formal achievement reports is outside the scope of this European Standard.
In addition, this European Standard defines refinements to the EuroLMAI model for representing the Europass DS.
The Europass Diploma Supplement Application Profile of EuroLMAI, in full compliance with the Europass requirements, focuses on the expression of information regarding the qualification awarded to a learner upon completion of a formal educational programme. The proposed profile is needed for the general purposes of:
-   the exploitation of academic achievements abroad: in continuing education or in seeking job opportunities;
-   the admission of students or graduates in home and European universities: acknowledgment of credits or transfer of credits accumulated in home institutions moving from one university to another;
-   the expression of the level, content and nature of qualifications to potential employers both nationally and at a European level;
..............

Europäisches Model für Lernermobilität - Angaben über die Leistung (EuroLMAI)

Diese Europäische Norm legt ein Modell für die Dokumentation und den Austausch von Angaben über die Leistung des Lernenden zwischen Lernmanagement-Informationssystemen sowie für die Zusammenführung von Informationen durch Drittanbieter fest. Das in dieser Europäischen Norm vorgestellte Modell ist nicht vorgesehen, die Darstellung des gesamten Spektrums der Informationen zur Mobilität von Lernenden zu definieren; der Anwendungsbereich dieser Norm ist auf die elektronische Darstellung der formellen, von einer Institution amtlich beglaubigten Lernerfolgsinformationen eines Lernenden, der ein formales Bildungsangebot absolviert hat, beschränkt, um die Dokumentation und den anschließenden Austausch der Angaben innerhalb des europäischen Bildungsraums zu erleichtern. Die Angaben über die Leistung, die in Übereinstimmung mit dieser Norm strukturiert und dargestellt werden, können natürlich auch für andere Zwecke verwendet werden, z. B., um die Leistungsbeschreibungen verfügbar zu machen, um damit einen im Besitz des Lerners befindlichen Report bezüglich eines e-Portfolios anzureichern. Die Spezifikation und Anordnung der Informationen für andere Zwecke als der Darstellung der formalen Leistungsberichte liegen jedoch außerhalb des Anwendungsbereiches dieser Europäischen Norm. Diese Europäische Norm enthält außerdem Definitionen zur Verfeinerung des EuroLMAI-Modells zur Darstellung des Europass-DS. Das Anwendungsprofil des Europass-Diplomzusatzes des EuroLMAI ist, in vollständiger Übereinstimmung mit den Europass-Anforderungen, auf die Angabe von Informationen hinsichtlich der Vergabe einer Qualifikation an einen Lernenden gerichtet, der ein formales Bildungsprogramm abgeschlossen hat. Das vorgeschlagene Profil wird im Allgemeinen zu folgenden Zwecken benötigt: ⎯ Ausnutzung akademischer Leistungen im Ausland: zu weiterführenden Studien oder für Arbeitsmöglichkeiten; ⎯ Zulassung von Studierenden oder Hochschulabsolventen an inländischen und europäischen Universitäten: Anerkennung oder Übertragung von im Inland akkumulierten Leistungspunkten (Credits) beim Wechsel von einer Universität an eine andere; ⎯ Angabe der Niveaustufe, des Inhalts und der Art von Qualifikationen für potentielle Arbeitgeber sowohl im Inland als auch im europäischen Ausland; ⎯ Verbesserung der Mobilität von Studierenden sowohl im Inland als auch im europäischen Ausland beim Wechsel von Universitäten oder Studiengängen; ⎯ ordnungsgemäße Integration ausländischer Arbeitnehmer in das Arbeitsumfeld eines Landes; ⎯ Normalisierung von Hochschulqualifikationen, entweder im Rahmen einer akademischen oder einer nicht akademischen Laufbahn; ⎯ Schaffung guter Praktiken bei der wechselseitigen Anerkennung von Qualifikationen der verschiedenen Hochschuleinrichtungen.

Mobilité des apprenants européens - Informations relatives aux résultats obtenus (EuroLMAI)

La présente Norme européenne spécifie un modèle pour l'enregistrement et l'échange d'informations relatives aux résultats obtenus par les apprenants entre les systèmes d'informations de gestion des apprenants, ainsi que pour l'agrégation des informations par des prestataires tiers.
Le modèle proposé dans la présente Norme européenne n'a pas vocation à définir la représentation du spectre intégral des informations relatives à la mobilité des apprenants, le domaine d'application de la norme se limitant à la définition de la représentation électronique des informations officielles concernant des résultats, certifiées par des institutions, pour les apprenants engagés dans des processus d'apprentissage officiels, afin d'en faciliter l'enregistrement et l'échange ultérieur dans le champ de l'éducation en Europe.
Les informations relatives aux résultats obtenus, structurées et présentées conformément à la présente norme peuvent, bien évidemment, être utilisées à d'autres fins -par exemple, pour fournir des descriptions de performances afin d'enrichir un rapport appartenant à l'apprenant, en termes de portfolio électronique. Cependant, les recommandations concernant la spécification et l'organisation des informations à des fins autres que la représentation de rapports de performances officiels, ne relèvent pas du domaine d'application de la présente Norme européenne.
De plus, la présente norme définit des améliorations au modèle EuroLMAI pour la représentation du Supplément au Diplôme de l'Europass.
Le profil d'application du Supplément au Diplôme de l'Europass de EuroLMAI, en totale conformité avec les exigences de l'Europass, cible l'expression des informations relatives à la qualification accordée à un apprenant suite à l'achèvement d'un programme d'enseignement officiel. Le profil proposé est nécessaire aux fins suivantes :
-   l'exploitation des résultats académiques à l'étranger : pour poursuivre des études ou rechercher des offres d'emploi ;
-   l'admission d'étudiants ou de diplômés dans les universités nationales et européennes : reconnaissance des crédits ou transfert des crédits cumulés dans les établissements nationaux lors du passage d'une université à une autre ;
-   l'expression du niveau, du contenu et de la nature des qualifications pour les employeurs potentiels, aussi bien au niveau national qu'européen ;
-   l'amélioration de la mobilité interne et européenne des étudiants, d'une université à une autre, ou d'une branche d'études à une autre ;
-   l'intégration appropriée des travailleurs étrangers dans le cadre de l'emploi d'un pays ;
-   la normalisation des qualifications de l'enseignement supérieur, dans le cadre de parcours académiques ou non académiques ;
-   la mise en place de bonnes pratiques dans le cadre des procédures de reconnaissance des qualifications entre les établissements d'enseignement supérieur.

Evropski model za mobilnost na področju izobraževanja - Podatki o dosežkih (EuroLMAI)

Ta evropski standard določa model za evidentiranje in izmenjavo podatkov o dosežkih v izobraževanju med študentskimi sistemi upravljanja podatkov ter za združevanje podatkov tretjih izvajalcev. Model, ki ga predlaga ta evropski standard, ni namenjen opredelitvi predstavitve celotnega spektra modela za mobilnost v izobraževanju – obseg uporabe tega standarda je omejen na opredelitev uradnih, institucionalno potrjenih podatkov o dosežkih učencev, vključenih v formalne učne procese, da omogoči njihovo evidentiranje in nadaljnjo izmenjavo v okviru evropskega območja izobraževanja. Podatki o dosežkih, strukturirani in predstavljeni v skladu s tem standardom, se seveda lahko uporabijo tudi v druge namene, na primer za opisovanje dosežkov, s katerimi se obogati poročilo učenca, v smislu e-portfelja. Vendar pa so napotki za specifikacijo in organizacijo podatkov za namene, ki niso poročila s predstavitvijo formalnih dosežkov, zunaj obsega uporabe tega evropskega standarda. Poleg tega ta evropski standard opredeljuje izpopolnitve modela EuroLMAI za predstavitev Europass DS. Aplikacijski profil dodatka k diplomi Europass EuroLMAI se v popolnem skladu z zahtevami za Europass osredotoča na izražanje podatkov v zvezi s kvalifikacijo, dodeljeno učencu po končanem formalnem izobraževalnem programu. Predlagani profil je potreben v splošne namene za: - uporabo akademskih dosežkov v tujini: pri nadaljevanju šolanja ali iskanju službe; - sprejem študentov ali diplomantov na domače in evropske univerze: priznavanje kreditov ali prenos kreditov, zbranih v domačih ustanovah, iz ene univerze na drugo; - izražanje stopnje, vsebine in narave kvalifikacije za potencialne delodajalce na nacionalni in evropski ravni; - pospeševanje notranje in evropske mobilnosti študentov z ene univerze na drugo ali z ene smeri študija na drugo; - ustrezno vključevanje tujih delavcev v zaposlitveno okolje nove države; - standardizacijo visokošolskih kvalifikacij, bodisi po akademskih ali neakademskih poteh; - vzpostavitev dobrih praks v postopkih priznavanja med visokošolskimi ustanovami.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
03-May-2011
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Due Date
15-Dec-2016
Completion Date
20-Jul-2017

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
EN 15981:2011
English language
43 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.(XUR/0$,Europäisches Model für Lernermobilität - Angaben über die Leistung (EuroLMAI)Mobilité des apprenants européens - Informations relatives aux résultats obtenus (EuroLMAI)European Learner Mobility - Achievement information (EuroLMAI)35.240.99IT applications in other fields03.180Vzgoja in izobraževanjeEducationICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 15981:2011SIST EN 15981:2011en,fr,de01-oktober-2011SIST EN 15981:2011SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 15981:2011
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 15981
May 2011 ICS 35.240.99 English Version
European Learner Mobility - Achievement information (EuroLMAI)

Mobilité des apprenants européens - Informations relatives aux résultats obtenus (EuroLMAI)

Europäisches Model für Lernermobilität -Angaben über die Leistung (EuroLMAI) This European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 March 2011.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2011 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 15981:2011: ESIST EN 15981:2011

EN 15981:2011 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ................................................................................................................................. 4Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 51 Scope .......................................................................................................................... 72 Normative references ................................................................................................ 83 Terms and definitions ............................................................................................... 94 Symbols and abbreviated terms ............................................................................ 125 Conventions ............................................................................................................. 146 Conformance............................................................................................................ 156.1 Conforming instances ............................................................................................. 156.2 Conforming bindings .............................................................................................. 156.3 Conforming applications ........................................................................................ 157 European Learner Mobility Achievement Information Model ............................. 167.1 General ..................................................................................................................... 167.2 Domain model .......................................................................................................... 167.3 EuroLMAI Resources .............................................................................................. 177.3.1 Classes ..................................................................................................................... 177.3.2 Association properties ............................................................................................ 187.3.3 Attribute properties ................................................................................................. 187.4 Resources included from CWA 15903:2008 ......................................................... 197.4.1 Classes ..................................................................................................................... 197.4.2 Association properties ............................................................................................ 197.4.3 Attribute properties ................................................................................................. 207.5 Properties included from ISO 15836 ...................................................................... 207.6 Properties included from DCMI Metadata Terms ................................................. 207.7 Properties included from IETF RFC 2426 .............................................................. 207.8 Properties included from the CWA 16077:2010.................................................... 208 The EuroLMAI Description Set Profile .................................................................. 218.1 General ..................................................................................................................... 218.2 EuroLMAI Report ..................................................................................................... 218.3 Learner ...................................................................................................................... 218.4 Issuer ........................................................................................................................ 218.5 Learning Opportunity Specification ...................................................................... 228.6 Learning Opportunity Instance .............................................................................. 228.7 Qualification ............................................................................................................. 238.8 Credit ........................................................................................................................ 23Annex A (normative)

Europass Diploma Supplement Application Profile of the EuroLMAI (EuroLMAI Europass DS AP) ................................................................ 24A.1 General ..................................................................................................................... 24A.2 Europass DS Refinements of the EuroLMAI ......................................................... 24A.2.1 Classes ..................................................................................................................... 24A.2.2 Association properties ............................................................................................ 24A.2.3 Attribute Properties ................................................................................................. 24A.3 The Europass DS Description Set Profile ............................................................. 26A.3.1 General ..................................................................................................................... 26A.3.2 Diploma Supplement Document ............................................................................ 26A.3.3 Learner ...................................................................................................................... 26A.3.4 Issuer ........................................................................................................................ 26SIST EN 15981:2011

EN 15981:2011 (E) 3 A.3.5 Learning Opportunity Specification: Programme Level ...................................... 27A.3.6 Learning Opportunity Instance: Programme Level.............................................. 27A.3.7 Learning Opportunity Specification: Transcript Level ........................................ 28A.3.8 Learning Opportunity Instance: Transcript Level ................................................ 29A.3.9 Qualification ............................................................................................................. 29A.3.10 Credit ........................................................................................................................ 30Annex B (informative)

The EuroLMAI conceptual model .................................................. 31Annex C (informative)

Mapping of the Europass DS to EuroLMAI .................................. 33Annex D (informative)

Illustrative uses of the EuroLMAI Model and the Europass DS Application Profile ............................................................................................. 36D.1 General ..................................................................................................................... 36D.2 Report on completed parts of a programme of study ......................................... 36D.3 Transcript information for a period of learning .................................................... 37D.4 Report on qualification obtained for a completed programme of study ........... 39D.5 EuroLMAI Europass DS document ........................................................................ 39Annex E (informative)

Application Profiling ....................................................................... 41E.1 DCMI Abstract Model .............................................................................................. 41E.2 Application Profiles and their roles and usage .................................................... 41E.3 Extensions to properties ........................................................................................ 41E.4 Graceful degradation .............................................................................................. 42Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 43

SIST EN 15981:2011

EN 15981:2011 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 15981:2011) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 353 “Information and Communication Technologies for Learning, Education and Training”, the secretariat of which is held by UNI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2011, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2011. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. The European Learner Mobility Achievement Information Model (EuroLMAI) addresses the identified need for a harmonized solution to the recording and exchange of learner mobility information within the European Education Area. The results of this work will contribute to the effort towards interoperable European-wide IT systems that manage and exchange learner achievement information. The "European Learner Mobility" Working Item was initiated by the Hellenic Organization for Standardization (ELOT), Greece. The development of the proposed model has been carried out within the context of the CEN WS-LT project on "Guidelines for a European Learner Mobility Model", funded under the 2008 ICT Standardization Work Programme. The project was initiated and led by the Hellenic Organization for Standardization (ELOT) and the Technological Educational Institute of Athens (Greece). The document has been developed through the collaboration of a number of contributing partners, representing a wide mix of interests, among others JISC-CETIS (UK), Hypatia AS (Norway), KION (Italy), the Manchester Metropolitan University (UK), University of Duisburg Essen/eLC (Germany), USIT/UiO (Norway), Digitary (Ireland), University of Vigo (Spain), ISFOL (Italy), Alan Paull Services (UK).The close collaboration and substantial support of the Rome Student Systems and Standards Group of software implementers regarding the European Leaner Mobility (EuroLM) standardization efforts is highly acknowledged. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

SIST EN 15981:2011

EN 15981:2011 (E) 5 Introduction The establishment of Europass as a common framework which is accepted throughout Europe demonstrates that European education has reached a maturity stage where the demand for the recording and exchange of learner mobility information needs to be efficiently supported by technical interoperability standards. At the initiation point of this Working Item several relevant standardization efforts were identified and significant national expertise had already been accumulated. However, harmonization was deemed necessary towards a European solution, in order to provide viable support for emerging European student management information systems and dissuade service providers from developing proprietary services and platforms.

The results of the current and future European Learner Mobility (EuroLM) work aspire to support the development of a new generation of technology-enhanced services for learners (learning and employment opportunities exploration), higher education institutions (certification or augmentation of learner information), employers (work-place descriptions, recruiting and development of learners' competences) and other stakeholders of learning, education, and training throughout Europe, as the European Union and Commission, the Member States and their governments and ministries, etc. The EuroLM Achievement Information (EuroLMAI) model directly addresses the European requirement for rapid implementation and dissemination of the institution-owned transparency information tools throughout Europe. It has been developed as a generic model for representing the institution attested achievements of a learner within a formal learning setting, resulting from the learner's participation in one or more learning opportunity instances and including any available associated results.

This European Standard specifies a subset (skeleton) of the generic EuroLMAI model that supports the expression of institution-owned learner achievement information and the formation of official achievement reports (e.g. the learner's Transcript of records) and transparency documents (e.g. Europass Diploma Supplement). The need for supporting of additional learner mobility achievement structures and tools (e.g. that of Europass Mobility) calls for the enhancement of the skeleton model with additional standardized information entities (e.g. intended learning outcomes, assessment processes) and relevant standardization activities are underway in order to provide other important extensions to EuroLMAI. In addition to EuroLMAI, this European Standard provides an Application Profile of the EuroLMAI model, introducing necessary refinements and constraints for the accurate representation of the Europass Diploma Supplement (DS). The Europass DS is considered one of the most important documents of the Europass framework, which significantly contributes to the transparent interpretation and recognition of academic and professional qualifications (diplomas, degrees, certificates) across the diverse European educational systems. In essence, the Europass DS aims at: • promoting transparency within and between higher education systems; • providing accurate and up-to-date information on an individual's qualifications; • aiding mobility and access to further study and employment abroad; • providing fair and informed information relating to qualifications; SIST EN 15981:2011

EN 15981:2011 (E) 6 • facilitating academic and professional recognition and thus increasing the transparency of qualifications. The Europass DS constitutes an instrument upon which a high level of agreement on the content and structure has been achieved among the EU member states. The European countries have taken up the DS initiative and have specified their national variants, in most cases being minor variations of the Europass DS. However, currently the DS is mostly issued in paper-based format. In cases where it is issued electronically, the DS is represented in a proprietary manner. A major problem has been the lack of interoperable tools, impeding the recording and/or reuse of data in existing student management systems for the production of an electronic DS and the exchange of information among interested parties. The EuroLMAI model and its Europass DS Application Profile have been developed as: • a lightweight standard taking into consideration existing and emerging educational practice processes and the relevant European policies; • an easy-to-implement standard in order to ensure a rapid uptake by stakeholders of learning, education and training throughout Europe (higher education institutions, learners, employers, service providers, etc.)

SIST EN 15981:2011

EN 15981:2011 (E) 7 1 Scope This European Standard specifies a model for the recording and exchange of learner achievement information among student management information systems, as well as the aggregation of information by third party suppliers. The model proposed within this European Standard is not intended to define the representation of the entire spectrum of Learner Mobility information - the scope of the standard is restricted to the definition of the electronic representation of official, institutionally attested achievement information for learners engaged in formal learning processes, in order to facilitate its recording and subsequent exchange within the European education area. Achievement Information structured and presented in compliance with this standard may, of course, be used for other purposes - for instance, to provide descriptions of achievement to enrich a learner-owned report, in terms of an e-portfolio. However, guidance on the specification and the organisation of information for purposes other than the representation of formal achievement reports is outside the scope of this European Standard. In addition, this European Standard defines refinements to the EuroLMAI model for representing the Europass DS. The Europass Diploma Supplement Application Profile of EuroLMAI, in full compliance with the Europass requirements, focuses on the expression of information regarding the qualification awarded to a learner upon completion of a formal educational programme. The proposed profile is needed for the general purposes of: • the exploitation of academic achievements abroad: in continuing education or in seeking job opportunities; • the admission of students or graduates in home and European universities: acknowledgment of credits or transfer of credits accumulated in home institutions moving from one university to another; • the expression of the level, content and nature of qualifications to potential employers both nationally and at a European level; • the enhancement of internal and European student mobility, from a university to another, or from one branch of studies to another; • the proper integration of foreign workers into a country's employment setting; • the normalisation of higher education qualifications, either in academic or non-academic paths; • the establishment of good practices in the recognition procedures of qualifications among Higher Education Institutions.

SIST EN 15981:2011

EN 15981:2011 (E) 8 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. CWA 15903:2008, Metadata for Learning Opportunities (MLO) — Advertising CWA 16077:2010, Educational Credit Information Model CWA 16076:2010, ECTS Information Package/Course Catalogue MLO Application Profile

SIST EN 15981:2011

EN 15981:2011 (E) 9 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 assessment result result recorded result of an assessment process 3.2 awarding body organisation that awards credit or qualifications NOTE The same organisation may also be a learning opportunity provider or an issuer. 3.3 credit quantified means of expressing the volume of learning based on the workload students need in order to achieve the expected outcomes of a learning process at a specified level [1] 3.4 credit scheme credit transfer scheme see 3.9 3.5 credit value particular amount of credit NOTE Credit value is only meaningful within a framework or credit scheme, and the framework or scheme may require the specification of a level. The European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) is one such scheme. Credit value is an abstract amount that can be applied in several circumstances. 3.6 diploma official documentary record of the awarding of a qualification NOTE This is equivalent to the ECTS Users' Guide Glossary [1] term Qualification: "Any degree, diploma or other certificate issued by a competent authority attesting the successful completion of a recognised programme of study." Here, the preferred usage of the term "qualification" (q.v.) is for the status conferred, not the documentation. 3.7 Diploma Supplement EuroLMAI report that contains Europass Diploma Supplement Information 3.8 EuroLMAI report report that contains achievement information for a single learner within a formal educational setting 3.9 framework credit scheme system of concepts, definitions and provisions through which educational practices are ordered, related and articulated SIST EN 15981:2011

EN 15981:2011 (E) 10 3.10 issuer body that issues the EuroLMAI report NOTE The same body may also be a learning opportunity provider or an awarding body. 3.11 learner individual currently or formerly enrolled in a formal learning opportunity NOTE The learning opportunity may be a part or whole programme of study, a seminar, work experience, a single course, etc. 3.12 learning opportunity formally specified education or training process NOTE This is close to the ECTS Users' Guide Glossary [1] definition of Educational Component: "A self-contained and formally structured learning experience (such as: course unit, module, seminar, work placement)." There are other opportunities to learn that are less structured, but these are of less interest in the context of European learner mobility. Within the Diploma Supplement context, a learning opportunity is seen as either the formal educational programme the learner has successfully completed or a component of this programme. 3.13 learning opportunity instance single presentation of a learning opportunity NOTE "Unlike a learning opportunity specification, a learning opportunity instance is not abstract, may be bound to particular dates or locations, and may be applied for or participated in by learners" as in CWA 15903:2008. 3.14 learning opportunity provider organisation that validates or advertises learning opportunity specifications, or that runs learning opportunity instances NOTE The same organization may also be an issuer or an awarding body. 3.15 learning opportunity specification description of a learning opportunity, consisting of information that will be consistent across multiple instances of the learning opportunity

[CWA 15903:2008] 3.16 level educational level one of a set of terms, properly defined within a framework or scheme, applied to an entity in order to group it together with other entities relevant to the same stage of education NOTE This is similar in intention to the definition of level in CWA 15903:2008 which in turn refers to the Dublin Core term with name "educationLevel" and label "Audience Education Level". Level terms are typically consecutive small integers. 3.17 module course unit in a system in which each course unit carries the same number of credits or a multiple thereof [1] SIST EN 15981:2011

EN 15981:2011 (E) 11 3.18 programme set of learning opportunities for successful completion of which the learner can be awarded a specified qualification NOTE ECTS Users' Guide Glossary [1] defines "Programme (educational)" as a "set of educational components, based on learning outcomes that are recognised for the award of a specific qualification". In a learner mobility document (including Diploma Supplement), the programme refers to the top level learning opportunity whose results are represented in the document. 3.19 qualification status awarded to or conferred on a learner by an awarding body NOTE This is compatible with the Qualification property of CWA 15903:2008. A qualification is identified and represented by its name, and possibly also its subject. To be of value, a qualification needs to be meaningful within the system of education and within the society in which it is embedded. The European Qualifications Framework (EQF) defines a qualification as "a formal outcome of an assessment and validation process which is obtained when a competent body determines that an individual has achieved learning outcomes to given standards", which says a lot about the process, but little about the nature of the outcome. 3.20 student see 3.11 3.21 transcript collection of information, represented in a learner mobility achievement report, about learning opportunity instances taken by a learner, including any available associated results for that learner

SIST EN 15981:2011

EN 15981:2011 (E) 12 4 Symbols and abbreviated terms The following symbols and abbreviated terms are used in this European Standard. 4.1 AP Application Profile 4.2 DCAM Dublin Core Abstract Model 4.3 DCMI Dublin Core Metadata Initiative 4.4 DS Diploma Supplement 4.5 DSP Description Set Profile 4.6 ECTS European Credit Transfer and accumulation System 4.7 EQF European Qualifications Framework 4.8 EuroLM European Learner Mobility 4.9 EuroLMAI European Learner Mobility Achievement Information 4.10 MLO-AD Metadata for Learning Opportunities - Advertising 4.11 RDF Resource Description Framework 4.12 SF Singapore Framework 4.13 UML Unified Modelling Language SIST EN 15981:2011

EN 15981:2011 (E) 13 4.14 URI Uniform Resource Identifier 4.15 URL Uniform Resource Locator 4.16 W3C World Wide Web Consortium

SIST EN 15981:2011

EN 15981:2011 (E) 14 5 Conventions Base URIs for classes and properties defined in this European Standard are introduced with the “elm:” and "eds:" prefixes. NOTE The namespaces for classes and properties defined in this European Standard are currently http://purl.org/net/elm (prefix “elm:”) and http://purl.org/net/eds (prefix “eds:”). CEN has initiated a process for the establishment of a Namespace policy and the provision of related services. Upon resolution of this issue the text of this clause will be amended as appropriate. Base URIs for classes and properties included from CWA 15903:2008 are introduced with the “mlo:” prefix. SIST EN 15981:2011

EN 15981:2011 (E) 15 6 Conformance 6.1 Conforming instances A strictly conforming instance is a set of structured information constituted only of objects and statements defined by the classes and properties of this European Standard and fully qualified refinements of the properties defined in this European Standard. A fully qualified refinement is defined for the purpose of conformance as a property that explicitly extends a property defined by this European Standard. A fully qualified refinement shall be capable of being processed according to the semantics of the property it extends. A conforming instance may contain additional objects and properties. 6.2 Conforming bindings A strictly conforming binding is constituted only of bindings to an exchange format of the classes and properties defined by this European Standard and fully qualified refinements of the properties defined in this European Standard. A conforming binding may contain additional properties that do not necessarily extend or map to the properties defined in this European Standard. Both strictly conforming bindings and conforming bindings shall be capable of generating and validating instances that can be automatically converted to a strictly conforming instance of this European Standard. Both strictly conforming bindings and conforming bindings may impose additional constraints upon the values of properties defined in this European Standard. Both strictly conforming bindings and conforming bindings may impose cardinality constraints on properties defined in this European Standard. 6.3 Conforming applications A conforming application shall have at least one of the following capabilities: • generating conforming instances and/or instances conforming to a conforming binding; • processing conforming instances, and/or instances that conform to a conforming binding. SIST EN 15981:2011

EN 15981:2011 (E) 16 7 European Learner Mobility Achievement Information Model 7.1 General This European Standard has been developed following the principles of the Singapore Framework (SF) methodology for application profiles defined by the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) [2], [3].

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.