Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Particular applications for passenger and goods passenger lift - Part 70: Accessibility to lifts for persons including persons with disability

This European Standard specifies the minimum requirements for the safe and independent access and use of lifts by a wide range of persons, including persons with disabilities.
It is applicable to new passenger and goods passenger lifts according to EN 81-20. For other types of lifts, e.g. inclined lifts according to EN 81 22, this standard can usefully be taken as a basis.
NOTE 1   For guidance on solutions for increased accessibility and usability see Annex D.
NOTE 2   For the upgrading of accessibility of existing lifts in line with the recommendation of the European Commission dated 8th of June, 1995 (95/216/EC) concerning improvements to safety of existing lifts, see EN 81-82.

Sicherheitsregeln für die Konstruktion und den Einbau von Aufzügen - Besondere Anwendungen für Personen- und Lastenaufzüge - Teil 70: Zugänglichkeit von Aufzügen für Personen einschließlich Personen mit Behinderungen

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Mindestanforderungen für den sicheren und unabhängigen Zugang und die Benutzung von Aufzügen durch einen weiten Personenkreis einschließlich Personen mit Behinderungen fest.
Sie ist auf neue Personen- und Lastenaufzüge nach EN 81-20 anwendbar. Für andere Aufzugsarten, z. B. Schrägaufzüge nach EN 81-22, kann diese Norm als eine hilfreiche Grundlage herangezogen werden.
ANMERKUNG   Bezüglich der Erhöhung der Zugänglichkeit bestehender Aufzüge im Sinne der Empfehlung der Europäischen Kommission vom 8. Juni 1995 (95/216/EG) zur Verbesserung der Sicherheit von Aufzügen, siehe EN 81-82.

Règles de sécurité pour la construction et l’installation des élévateurs - Applications particulières pour les ascenseurs et ascenseurs de charge - Partie 70 : Accessibilité aux ascenseurs pour toutes les personnes y compris les personnes avec handicap

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les prescriptions minimales pour l’accès et l’utilisation autonome et en sécurité des ascenseurs par une grande variété de personnes, y compris les personnes avec handicap.
Elle est applicable aux ascenseurs et ascenseurs de charge neufs selon l’EN 81-20. Pour les autres types d’ascenseurs, par exemple les ascenseurs à voie inclinée selon l’EN 81-22, la présente norme peut utilement servir de base.
NOTE 1   Pour des préconisations relatives à des solutions en matière d’accessibilité et de fonctionnalité améliorées, voir l’Annexe D.
NOTE 2   Pour la mise à niveau de l’accessibilité d’ascenseurs existants en conformité avec la recommandation de la Commission européenne du 8 juin 1995 (95/216/CE) concernant l’amélioration de la sécurité des ascenseurs existants, voir l’EN 81-82.

Varnostna pravila za konstruiranje in vgradnjo dvigal (liftov) - Posebne izvedbe osebnih in osebno-tovornih dvigal - 70. del: Dostopnost dvigal za osebe, vključno z invalidi

Ta evropski standard določa minimalne zahteve za varno in neodvisno uporabo dvigal, namenjenih za osebe, vključno z invalidi, ter dostop do njih.
Uporablja se za nova osebna in osebno-tovorna dvigala v skladu s standardom EN 81 20. Ta standard je mogoče uporabljati kot osnovo za druge vrste dvigal, npr. nagnjena dvigala v skladu s standardom EN 81 22.
OPOMBA: Za nadgradnjo dostopnosti obstoječih dvigal v skladu s priporočilom Evropske komisije z dne 8. junija 1995 (95/216/ES) glede izboljšav v zvezi z varnostjo obstoječih dvigal glej standard EN 81-82.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
15-May-2018
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
21-Apr-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 81-70:2018
01-oktober-2018
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 81-70:2004
SIST EN 81-70:2004/A1:2005
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RVHEQLKLQRVHEQRWRYRUQLKGYLJDOGHO'RVWRSQRVWGYLJDO]DRVHEHYNOMXþQR

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Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Particular applications for

passenger and goods passenger lifts - Part 70: Accessibility to lifts for persons including

persons with disability
Sicherheitsregeln für die Konstruktion und den Einbau von Aufzügen - Besondere

Anwendungen für Personen- und Lastenaufzüge - Teil 70: Zugänglichkeit von Aufzügen

für Personen mit Behinderungen

Règles de sécurité pour la construction et l'installation des élévateurs - Applications

particulières pour les ascenseurs et ascenseurs de charge - Partie 70 : Accessibilité aux

ascenseurs pour toutes les personnes y compris les personnes avec handicap
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 81-70:2018
ICS:
91.140.90 'YLJDOD7HNRþHVWRSQLFH Lifts. Escalators
SIST EN 81-70:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 81-70:2018
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SIST EN 81-70:2018
EN 81-70
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
May 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 91.140.90 Supersedes EN 81-70:2003
English Version
Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts -
Particular applications for passenger and goods passenger
lift - Part 70: Accessibility to lifts for persons including
persons with disability

Règles de sécurité pour la construction et l'installation Sicherheitsregeln für die Konstruktion und den Einbau

des élévateurs - Applications particulières pour les von Aufzügen - Besondere Anwendungen für

ascenseurs et ascenseurs de charge - Partie 70 : Personen- und Lastenaufzüge - Teil 70: Zugänglichkeit

Accessibilité aux ascenseurs pour toutes les personnes von Aufzügen für Personen einschließlich Personen

y compris les personnes avec handicap mit Behinderungen
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 26 June 2017.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 81-70:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 81-70:2018
EN 81-70:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

0 Introduction ...................................................................................................................................................... 4

0.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 4

0.2 Principles ........................................................................................................................................................... 4

0.3 Assumptions ...................................................................................................................................................... 4

0.4 Negotiations ...................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Significant hazards and barriers to accessibility ................................................................................ 6

5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures ............................................................................. 7

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 7

5.2 Entrances – Door openings .......................................................................................................................... 8

5.3 Car dimensions and equipment in the car ............................................................................................. 8

5.4 Control devices and signals ...................................................................................................................... 12

6 Verification of safety requirements and/or protective measures ............................................. 18

7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 21

Annex A (informative) Categories of disability considered ....................................................................... 22

Annex B (normative) Extra large control devices ......................................................................................... 24

B.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................... 24

B.2 Landing control devices ............................................................................................................................. 24

B.3 Car control devices ...................................................................................................................................... 24

Annex C (normative) Touch screen devices for destination control systems ..................................... 26

Annex D (informative) Guidance for increased accessibility and usability ......................................... 27

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of EU Directive 2014/33/EU aimed to be covered .............................................. 28

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 29

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SIST EN 81-70:2018
EN 81-70:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 81-70:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 10 “Lifts,

escalators and moving walks”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2018, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by May 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 81-70:2003 and EN 81-70:2003/A1:2004.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

EN 81-70:2018 is a full revision of the standard which reflects developments since the publication of

EN 81-70:2003 and experience gained from its application. Consequently, most clauses have been

changed. The main changes can be identified as:
— the addition of detailed specifications for contrast requirements;
— the increase of door widths;

— the deletion of items which are now covered by EN 81-20 (protection device on doors, stopping and

levelling accuracy);
— the addition of two more lift car types;
— the clarification of arrangement and design of handrails;

— improved requirements for the design and arrangement of control devices and indicators;

— improved requirements for the arrangement of landing controls for lift groups;

— the addition of detailed requirements for landing control devices for destination control systems

using touch screens;
— the clarification of requirements for extra large buttons;

— the deletion of previous Annexes A, C, D and E which included background and guidance

information. Some of this information has been transferred into normative requirements. For

remaining information, reference to ISO 21542 has been added.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 81-70:2018
EN 81-70:2018 (E)
0 Introduction
0.1 General
This standard is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100:2010.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are

covered is indicated in the scope of this standard.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B

standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other

standards for lifts that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C standard.

0.2 Principles
For the revision of this standard the following have been considered:
a) practical experience with the first version of this standard;
b) market demand for including new technology;
c) CEN-CENELEC Guide 6;
d) current legal framework for accessibility and usability, in particular:

The non-discrimination clause (art 6a) based on disability and age of Article 19 of consolidated

version 2016 of the Treaty of Lisbon of the European Union requests a new understanding of

diversity of users in the built environment, transport and products, similar to that established in

information and communication technologies.

The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities with reference also to accessibility in

the built environment – considering human diversity, social inclusion and equality for all people - is

the first ratified EU agreement on human rights and ratified also by most Member States. It is also

the first international legally binding instrument on human rights setting minimum standards for

the rights for people with disabilities around the world.
0.3 Assumptions

Intensive studies have been made on the different categories of disability to establish related hazards

and their risks (see Annex A).
The application of this standard is based on following assumptions:

a) It is the responsibility of national building regulations to specify in which buildings accessible lifts

according to this standard will be installed.

b) National building regulations will not conflict with the provisions of this standard.

c) Obstacle-free accessibility on the landing floors is provided on all eligible floors.

d) Visual and tactile floor guidance systems for finding lifts and their landing control stations in a

building are considered by building planners and building designers.
0.4 Negotiations

It is assumed that negotiations have been made for each contract between the customer and the

supplier/installer about:
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SIST EN 81-70:2018
EN 81-70:2018 (E)

a) the intended use of the lift, particularly concerning the kind of expected passengers which may

have an impact on the selection of appropriate and optional solutions of this standard (e.g. for

buildings where a higher level of accessibility may be foreseen according to Annex D);

b) temporary activation of specific features of the lift;
c) environmental conditions;
d) civil engineering problems;

e) other aspects related to the place of installation e.g. how to ensure guidance to passengers about

the specific operational features of the lift.
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SIST EN 81-70:2018
EN 81-70:2018 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies the minimum requirements for the safe and independent access and

use of lifts by a wide range of persons, including persons with disabilities.

It is applicable to new passenger and goods passenger lifts according to EN 81-20. For other types of

lifts, e.g. inclined lifts according to EN 81-22, this standard can usefully be taken as a basis.

NOTE 1 For guidance on solutions for increased accessibility and usability see Annex D.

NOTE 2 For the upgrading of accessibility of existing lifts in line with the recommendation of the European

Commission dated 8th of June, 1995 (95/216/EC) concerning improvements to safety of existing lifts, see EN 81–

82.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 81-20:2014, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Lifts for the transport of persons

and goods - Part 20: Passenger and goods passenger lifts

EN 81-28:2018, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Lifts for the transport of persons

and goods - Part 28: Remote alarm on passenger and goods passenger lifts

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

ISO 4190-5:2006, Lift (Elevator) installation — Part 5: Control devices, signals and additional fittings

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and EN 81-

20:2014 and the following apply.
3.1
collective control system

lift control system where required direction of travel is registered on the landing and the destination

floor is registered in the car
3.2
destination control system
lift control system where the destination floor is registered on the landing
3.3
accessibility button
means to activate enhanced accessibility features or services for a single trip
4 Significant hazards and barriers to accessibility

This clause contains all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events as far as they are dealt with

in this standard, identified by risk assessment as significant for this type of machinery and which

require actions to eliminate or reduce the risk (see Table 1).
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SIST EN 81-70:2018
EN 81-70:2018 (E)

In this European Standard, barriers to accessibility and additional risks encountered by the person with

disability or by the devices used by that person are identified particularly in Table 1, No 8 (ergonomic

hazards).
Table 1 — List of significant hazards
No Hazards listed in EN ISO 12100:2010, Relevant clauses
Annex B
1 Mechanical hazards due to:
Crushing 5.3.2.3
Impact 5.3.2.3
Slip, trip, fall 5.3.2.4
8 Ergonomic hazards due to:
Access 5.2.1, 5.2.2, 5.3.1, 5.3.2.3
Design or location of indicators, visual and 5.1.3, 5.4.2.4, 5.4.2.5, 5.4.3.3,
audible display units 5.4.3.4

Design, location or identification of control 5.1.2, 5.4.2.1, 5.4.2.2, 5.4.2.3,

devices 5.4.3.1, 5.4.3.2
Effort 5.3.2.1, 5.3.2.2
5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures
5.1 General

5.1.1 Passenger and goods passenger lifts shall comply with the safety requirements and/or

protective measures of the following clauses. In addition, passenger and goods passenger lifts shall be

designed according to the principles of EN ISO 12100 for hazards relevant but not significant which are

not dealt with by this document (e.g. sharp edges).

The requirements of EN 81-20 and EN 81-28 apply with additional requirements elaborated below.

5.1.2 Where luminance contrast between adjacent surfaces is required the difference in light

reflectance value (LRV) shall comply with Table 2.

Light reflectance values under viewing angles according to Table 2 taking into account lighting

conditions and reflections of ceilings, walls and floors may be determined by a black and white photo of

a sample with an adjacent LRV scale and comparing surfaces of the sample with the LRV scale.

Alternatively, by placing a LRV scale against the surface of interest, a reasonable match can be

identified.

NOTE On shiny and direct reflective surfaces, unfavourable reflections can reduce luminance contrast

determined by LRV-method. Light colour tones for ceiling and wall surfaces, diffuse reflective materials and a

wide light distribution prevent disturbing reflections on the controls. For further guidance on contrast

see ISO 21542:2011, B.7.2.
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SIST EN 81-70:2018
EN 81-70:2018 (E)
Table 2 — Minimum difference of light reflectance value (LRV)
At landings In the car
Minimum LRV
Clause Item
Minimum LRV
Viewing angle point Viewing angle
point difference
difference
Table 4, item c) Active part of 30 45° above 30 45° above
push buttons to horizontal horizontal
their
surrounding
Table 4, item d) Face plate to its 30 Perpendicular 30 Perpendicular
surrounding
Table 4, item j) Symbols on push 30 45° above 30 45° above
buttons to active horizontal horizontal
(60 recommended) (60
areas
recommended)
5.4.3.3 c) Lift identification 30 Perpendicular - -
to background
(60 recommended)

5.1.3 When an audible signal or voice announcement is required, the sound level shall be adjustable

between 35 dB(A) and at least 65 dB(A) and to suit the site conditions. In noisy environments (e.g. on

landings in train stations) the maximum sound level shall be adjustable up to 80 dB(A) (see 0.4). The

means of adjustment shall be accessible only to authorized persons.
5.2 Entrances – Door openings

5.2.1 The landing and car doors shall be automatic power operated horizontally sliding doors.

The clear opening width shall be at least 800 mm for type 1 cars, 900 mm for type 2, type 3 and type 4

cars and 1 100 mm for type 5 cars. In existing buildings, the clear opening width shall be at least

800 mm for type 2 cars.

5.2.2 The door dwell time shall be adjustable at least between 2 s and 20 s to suit the conditions

where the lift is installed (see 0.4). The means of adjustment shall be accessible only to authorized

persons.

NOTE A door dwell time of at least 6 s is needed for persons with reduced mobility (see also 5.4.2.2.3).

A door close button may be provided to reduce the door dwell time.
5.3 Car dimensions and equipment in the car
5.3.1 Car dimensions

The inside dimensions of cars with a single entrance or with two opposite or two adjacent entrances

shall be chosen in accordance with Table 3 (see 0.4).

Car dimensions shall be measured between the structural car walls. Decorative finishes on each wall

that reduce the minimum car dimensions given by Table 3 shall not exceed 15 mm in thickness.

There shall be no additional features attached to the car walls below a height of 800 mm which may

restrict the accommodation and turning of passengers using wheelchairs or passengers with other

walking aids. This would particularly be the case for type 1 and type 2 cars restricting the minimum

depth and for type 4 cars restricting the smaller minimum dimension.
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SIST EN 81-70:2018
EN 81-70:2018 (E)

Table 3 — Minimum car dimensions for cars with a single entrance or two entrances

Minimum car
Type of Accessibility
Building types, usage Remarks
car level
dimensions

1 Car width: This car Shall only be used in existing Type 1 provides only limited

1 000 mm accommodates buildings where building accessibility for persons using
one wheelchair constraints do not permit the a manual wheelchair as
Car depth:
user without an installation of a type 2 car. described in EN 12183:2014
1 300 mm
accompanying or an electrically powered
(450 kg)
person. wheelchair of class A
described in EN 12184:2014.
This type also provides
accessibility for persons using
walking aids (e.g. a walking
stick) and for persons with
sensory and intellectual
disabilities.

2 Car width: This car Shall be the minimum size for Type 2 provides accessibility

1 100 mm accommodates new buildings. for persons using a manual
one wheelchair wheelchair as described in
Car depth:
user and an EN 12183:2014 or an
1 400 mm
accompanying electrically powered
(630 kg)
person. wheelchair of class A or B as
described in EN 12184:2014.
This type also provides
accessibility for persons using
walking aids (e.g. walking
sticks, crutches or rollators).
Passengers with wheelchairs
or walking aids are unlikely to
be able to turn around in this
type of car and have to leave
the car backwards.
3 Car width: This car Recommended size for cars in Type 3 provides accessibility
1100 mm accommodates public areas (e.g. outdoor for persons using a manual
one user with a facilities, stations, etc.) and for wheelchair as described in
Car depth:
wheelchair of cars where transport of EN 12183:2014 or an
2100 mm
class C and some wheelchairs of class C shall be electrically powered
(1 000 kg)
other provided wheelchair of class A, B or C
passengers. It described in EN 12184:2014.
also allows
It also provides accessibility
transport of
for persons using a manual
stretchers.
wheelchair with tractor unit
(propulsion attachment).
When cars of this type are
configured with two opposite
entrances this can provide
straight through circulation
from the main entrance to
different floor levels.

4 Car width: This car Shall be the minimum size for Type 4 provides accessibility

1 600 mm accommodates cars with doors on adjacent for persons using a manual
one wheelchair b wheelchair as described in
Car depth: walls .
user and a few EN 12183:2014 or an
1 400 mm
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SIST EN 81-70:2018
EN 81-70:2018 (E)
Minimum car
Type of Accessibility
Building types, usage Remarks
car level
dimensions
or other electrically powered
passengers. It wheelchair of class A or B as
Car width:
also allows a described in EN 12184:2014.
1 400 mm
wheelchair to be
Type 4 provides sufficient
Car depth:
rotated within
space for most wheelchairs
1 600 mm
the car.
users and for passengers with
(1 000 kg)
walking aids.
5 Car width: This car Type 5 provides accessibility
2 000 mm accommodates for persons using a manual
one wheelchair wheelchair as described in
Car depth:
user and several EN 12183:2014 or an
1 400 mm
other electrically powered
passengers. It wheelchair of class A, B or C as
Car width:
also allows a described in EN 12184:2014.
1 400 mm
wheelchair to be
Type 5 provides sufficient
rotated within
Car depth:
turning space for persons
2 000 mm the car.
using wheelchairs of class A or
(1 275 kg) B and for persons using
walking aids (e.g. walking
frames, rollators, etc.).

The car width is defined as the horizontal distance between the inner surface of the structural walls of the car, measured

parallel to the front entrance. The car depth is defined as the horizontal distance between the inner surfaces of the structural

walls of the car, measured perpendicular to the width.

The distances between doors and adjacent car walls as shown in Figure 1 should be as large as possible.

Key
a distance between door and adjacent car wall
Figure 1 —Cars with doors on adjacent walls
5.3.2 Equipment in the car

5.3.2.1 A handrail shall be installed on the side wall where the car operating panel is located as

follows:

a) the handrail shall be interrupted where the car operating panel is located in order to avoid

obstructing control devices;
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SIST EN 81-70:2018
EN 81-70:2018 (E)

b) the handrail may only be installed on one side of the car operating panel if the shorter side would

not accommodate a handrail with an overall length of at least 400 mm;

c) the gripping part of the handrail shall have cross-sectional dimensions between 30 mm and 45 mm

with a minimum radius of 10 mm (see Figure 2);

d) the distance between the wall and the gripping part of the handrail shall be at least 35 mm;

e) the height of the top edge of the gripping part of the handrail shall be 900 mm ± 25 mm from the

finished floor level;

f) the ends of the handrails shall be closed. Where there is a risk of collision with the projecting ends,

e.g. where the handrail is interrupted in front of the car operating panel, the handrail shall return

towards the wall.

For car types 1, 2 and 3, the handrail may be installed on the opposite side wall if the handrail would

restrict the car entrance width.

For car types 4 and 5 a second handrail shall be installed on the opposite side wall or on the rear wall.

Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 maximum outer circle for handrail profile
2 minimum inner circle for handrail profile
Figure 2 —Cross sectional dimensions of handrails

5.3.2.2 Where a tip-up seat is provided in the car (see 0.4) it shall have the following

characteristics:
a) a height from the finished floor level of 500 mm ± 25 mm;
b) a depth of 300 mm to 400 mm;
c) a width of 400 mm to 500 mm;
d) an ability to support a load of at least 120 kg.

5.3.2.3 For car types 1, 2 and 3, a device shall be installed to enable passengers to observe obstacles

behind them when moving backwards out of the car.
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EN 81-70:2018 (E)

5.3.2.4 The car floor shall be slip-resistant, taking into consideration the environment in which the

lift is installed, in particular where passengers with wet shoes are regularly expected to enter the car.

The same material as used in the lift lobbies may be used for the lift car floor.

5.4 Control devices and signals
5.4.1 General
5.4.1.1 Control devices for collective control systems
Collective control systems shall be used in general applications.
The following control devices according to 5.4.2 shall be used:
— push buttons on landings and in the car; or
— extra large push buttons on landings and in the car; or

— push buttons on landings, keypads in the car for floor selection and push buttons in the car for

other control operations.

NOTE For buildings with many landings, keypad-devices may help to fulfil the requirements of Table 5.

Additional control devices (e.g. magnetic or chip card, mobile phone, etc.) may be used to temporarily

activate personalized lift and signal functions.
5.4.1.2 Control devices for destination control systems

Destination control systems may only be used where guidance to passengers about the specific

operational features of the lift can be ensured (see 0.4).

NOTE Due to their complexity destination control systems provide a lower level of accessibility for some

passengers than collective control systems, particularly where a touch screen with an accessibility button and

associated acoustic menu is used. When using the acoustic menu passengers are required to listen, understand

and react to audible information within a specific time period.
The following control devices according to 5.4.3 shall be used:

— keypads and if applicable accessibility buttons on landings, and push buttons in the car; or

— touch screens and accessibility buttons on landings, and push buttons in the car.

Additional control devices (e.g. magnetic or chip card, mobile phone, etc.) may be used to temporarily

activate personalized lift and signal functions.
5.4.2 Control devices and signals for collective control systems
5.4.2.1 Requirements for design and arrangement of control devices

Requirements for the design of control devices are given in Table 4 and requirements

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