Geometrical product specifications (GPS) - ISO code system for tolerances on linear sizes - Part 1: Basis of tolerances, deviations and fits (ISO 286-1:2010)

ISO 286-1:2010 establishes the ISO code system for tolerances to be used for linear sizes of features of the following types: a) cylinder; b) two parallel opposite surfaces.
ISO 286-1:2010 defines the basic concepts and the related terminology for this code system. It provides a standardized selection of tolerance classes for general purposes from amongst the numerous possibilities.
Additionally, it defines the basic terminology for fits between two features of size without constraints of orientation and location and explains the principles of “basic hole” and “basic shaft”.

Geometrische Produktspezifikation (GPS) - ISO-Toleranzsystem für Längenmaße - Teil 1: Grundlagen für Toleranzen, Abmaße und Passungen (ISO 286-1:2010)

Dieser Teil von ISO 286 legt das ISO-Toleranzsystem für Längenmaße von Maßelementen der Arten:
a) Zylinder;
b) zwei parallelen, sich gegenüberliegenden Flächen
fest.
Er definiert auch die Grundlagen und zugehörige Terminologie für das System und stellt außerdem eine
genormte Auswahl von Toleranzklassen für den allgemeinen Gebrauch aus den umfangreichen Möglichkeiten
des Systems zur Verfügung.
Er definiert die grundlegende Terminologie für Passungen zwischen zwei Maßelementen ohne Bezug auf
Richtung und Lage und erklärt die Prinzipien der „Einheitsbohrung“ und „Einheitswelle“.

Spécification géométrique des produits (GPS) - Système de codification ISO pour les tolérances sur les tailles linéaires - Partie 1: Base des tolérances, écarts et ajustements (ISO 286-1:2010)

L'ISO 286-1:2010 établit un système de codification à utiliser pour les tailles des entités dimensionnelles des types suivants: a) cylindre; b) deux surfaces parallèles opposées.
L'ISO 286-1:2010 définit les concepts fondamentaux et la terminologie relative à ce système de codification. Elle fournit une sélection normalisée des classes de tolérances pour usage général parmi les nombreuses possibilités.
En outre, elle définit la terminologie de base pour les ajustements entre deux entités dimensionnelles sans contrainte d'orientation et de position et explique les principes «d'alésage normal» et «d'arbre normal».

Specifikacija geometrijskih veličin izdelka - Tolerančni sistem ISO za dolžinske mere - 1. del: Osnova za tolerance, odstopanja in ujeme (ISO 286-1:2010)

Ta del ISO 286 vzpostavlja tolerančni sistem ISO za uporabo za dolžinske mere oblik naslednjih vrst: a) valj; b) dve vzporedni nasprotni površini. Določa osnovne koncepte in povezano terminologijo za ta kodni sistem. Zagotavlja standardiziran izbor tolerančnih razredov za splošne namene izmed vseh številnih možnosti. Poleg tega definira osnovno terminologijo za ujeme med dvema oblikama velikosti, brez omejitev glede usmerjenosti in lokacije, ter pojasnjuje načela »osnovne odprtine« in »osnovne palice«.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
14-Apr-2010
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
06-Apr-2010

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
01-december-2010
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 20286-1:2000
SIST ISO 1829:1999
SIST ISO 286-1:1999
6SHFLILNDFLMDJHRPHWULMVNLKYHOLþLQL]GHOND7ROHUDQþQLVLVWHP,62]DGROåLQVNH
PHUHGHO2VQRYD]DWROHUDQFHRGVWRSDQMDLQXMHPH ,62

Geometrical product specifications (GPS) - ISO code system for tolerances on linear

sizes - Part 1: Basis of tolerances, deviations and fits (ISO 286-1:2010)

Geometrische Produktspezifikation (GPS) - ISO-Toleranzsystem für Längenmaße - Teil

1: Grundlagen für Toleranzen, Abmaße und Passungen (ISO 286-1:2010)

Spécification géométrique des produits (GPS) - Systeme de codification ISO pour les

tolérances sur les tailles linéaires - Partie 1: Base des tolérances, écarts et ajustements

(ISO 286-1:2010)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 286-1:2010
ICS:
17.040.10 Tolerance in ujemi Limits and fits
17.040.40 6SHFLILNDFLMDJHRPHWULMVNLK Geometrical Product
YHOLþLQL]GHOND *36 Specification (GPS)
SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
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SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 286-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2010
ICS 17.040.10 Supersedes EN 20286-1:1993
English Version
Geometrical product specifications (GPS) - ISO code system for
tolerances on linear sizes - Part 1: Basis of tolerances,
deviations and fits (ISO 286-1:2010)

Spécification géométrique des produits (GPS) - Système Geometrische Produktspezifikation (GPS) - ISO-

de codification ISO pour les tolérances sur les tailles Toleranzsystem für Längenmaße - Teil 1: Grundlagen für

linéaires - Partie 1: Base des tolérances, écarts et Toleranzen, Abmaße und Passungen (ISO 286-1:2010)

ajustements (ISO 286-1:2010)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 6 February 2010.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the

official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2010 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 286-1:2010: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
EN ISO 286-1:2010 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

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SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
EN ISO 286-1:2010 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 286-1:2010) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 213 "Dimensional

and geometrical product specifications and verification" in collaboration with Technical Committee

CEN/TC 290 “Dimensional and geometrical product specification and verification” the secretariat of which is

held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2010, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by October 2010.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 20286-1:1993.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 286-1:2010 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 286-1:2010 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
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SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 286-1
Second edition
2010-04-15
Geometrical product specifications
(GPS) — ISO code system for tolerances
on linear sizes —
Part 1:
Basis of tolerances, deviations and fits
Spécification géométrique des produits (GPS) — Système de
codification ISO pour les tolérances sur les tailles linéaires —
Partie 1: Base des tolérances, écarts et ajustements
Reference number
ISO 286-1:2010(E)
ISO 2010
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
ISO 286-1:2010(E)
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© ISO 2010

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
ISO 286-1:2010(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction.........................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................1

2 Normative references............................................................................................................................1

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................1

3.1 Basic terminology .................................................................................................................................2

3.2 Terminology related to tolerances and deviations ............................................................................2

3.3 Terminology related to fits ...................................................................................................................5

3.4 Terminology related to the ISO fit system ..........................................................................................9

4 ISO code system for tolerances on linear sizes...............................................................................11

4.1 Basic concepts and designations .....................................................................................................11

4.2 Designation of the tolerance class (writing rules) ...........................................................................13

4.3 Determination of the limit deviations (reading rules)......................................................................14

4.4 Selection of tolerance classes ...........................................................................................................26

5 ISO fit system.......................................................................................................................................26

5.1 General .................................................................................................................................................26

5.2 Generics of fits ....................................................................................................................................27

5.3 Determination of a fit...........................................................................................................................27

Annex A (informative) Further information about the ISO system of limits and fits and former

practice.................................................................................................................................................29

Annex B (informative) Examples of the use of ISO 286-1 to determine fits and tolerance classes .........31

Annex C (informative) Relationship to the GPS matrix model .....................................................................36

Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................38

© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
ISO 286-1:2010(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 286-1 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 213, Dimensional and geometrical product

specifications and verification.

This second edition of ISO 286-1 cancels and replaces ISO 286-1:1988 and ISO 1829:1975, which have been

technically revised.

ISO 286 consists of the following parts, under the general title Geometrical product specifications (GPS) —

ISO code system for tolerances on linear sizes:
⎯ Part 1: Basis of tolerances, deviations and fits

⎯ Part 2: Tables of standard tolerance grades and limit deviations for holes and shafts

iv © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
ISO 286-1:2010(E)
Introduction

This International Standard is a geometrical product specification (GPS) standard and is to be regarded as a

general GPS standard (see ISO/TR 14638). It influences chain links 1 and 2 of the chain of standards on size

in the general GPS matrix.

For more detailed information on the relation of this part of ISO 286 to the GPS matrix model, see Annex C.

The need for limits and fits for machined workpieces was brought about mainly by the requirement for

interchange ability between mass produced parts and the inherent inaccuracy of manufacturing methods,

coupled with the fact that “exactness” of size was found to be unnecessary for the most workpiece features. In

order that fit function could be satisfied, it was found sufficient to manufacture a given workpiece so that its

size lay within two permissible limits, i.e. a tolerance, this being the variation in size acceptable in manufacture

while ensuring the functional fit requirements of the product.

Similarly, where a specific fit condition is required between mating features of two different workpieces, it is

necessary to ascribe an allowance, either positive or negative, to the nominal size to achieve the required

clearance or interference. This part of ISO 286 gives the internationally accepted code system for tolerances

on linear sizes. It provides a system of tolerances and deviations suitable for two features of size types:

“cylinder” and “two parallel opposite surfaces”. The main intention of this code system is the fulfilment of the

function fit.

The terms “hole”, “shaft” and “diameter” are used to designate features of size type cylinder (e.g. for the

tolerancing of diameter of a hole or shaft). For simplicity, they are also used for two parallel opposite surfaces

(e.g. for the tolerancing of thickness of a key or width of a slot).

The pre-condition for the application of the ISO code system for tolerances on linear sizes for the features

forming a fit is that the nominal sizes of the hole and the shaft are identical.

The previous edition of ISO 286-1 (published in 1988) had the envelope criterion as the default association

criterion for the size of a feature of size; however, ISO 14405-1 changes this default association criterion to

the two-point size criterion. This means that form is no longer controlled by the default specification of size.

In many cases, the diameter tolerances according to this part of ISO 286 are not sufficient for an effective

control of the intended function of the fit. The envelope criterion according to ISO 14405-1 may be required. In

addition, the use of geometrical form tolerances and surface texture requirements may improve the control of

the intended function.
© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
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SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 286-1:2010(E)
Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — ISO code system
for tolerances on linear sizes —
Part 1:
Basis of tolerances, deviations and fits
1 Scope

This part of ISO 286 establishes the ISO code system for tolerances to be used for linear sizes of features of

the following types:
a) cylinder;
b) two parallel opposite surfaces.

It defines the basic concepts and the related terminology for this code system. It provides a standardized

selection of tolerance classes for general purposes from amongst the numerous possibilities.

Additionally, it defines the basic terminology for fits between two features of size without constraints of

orientation and location and explains the principles of “basic hole” and “basic shaft”.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 286-2 , Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — ISO code system for tolerances on linear sizes —

Part 2: Tables of standard tolerance grades and limit deviations for holes and shafts

ISO 14405-1, Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — Dimensional tolerancing — Part 1: Linear sizes

ISO 14660-1:1999, Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) — Geometrical features — Part 1: General

terms and definitions

ISO 14660-2:1999, Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) — Geometrical features — Part 2: Extracted

median line of a cylinder and a cone, extracted median surface, local size of an extracted feature

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 14405-1 and ISO 14660-1 and the

following apply. It should be noted, however, that some of the terms are defined in a more restricted sense

than in common usage.
1) To be published. (Revision of ISO 286-2:1988)
© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
ISO 286-1:2010(E)
3.1 Basic terminology
3.1.1
feature of size
geometrical shape defined by a linear or angular dimension which is a size
[ISO 14660-1:1999, definition 2.2]

NOTE 1 The feature of size can be a cylinder, a sphere, two parallel opposite surfaces.

NOTE 2 In former editions of international standards, such as ISO 286-1 and ISO/R 1938, the meanings of the terms

“plain workpiece” and “single features” are close to that of “feature of size”.

NOTE 3 For the purpose of ISO 286, only features of size type cylinder as well as type-two parallel opposite surfaces,

defined by a linear dimension, apply.
3.1.2
nominal integral feature

theoretically exact integral feature as defined by a technical drawing or by other means

[ISO 14660-1:1999, definition 2.3]
3.1.3
hole

internal feature of size of a workpiece, including internal features of size which are not cylindrical

NOTE See also Introduction.
3.1.4
basic hole
hole chosen as a basis for a hole-basis fit system
NOTE 1 See also 3.4.1.1.

NOTE 2 For the purpose of the ISO code system, a basic hole is a hole for which the lower limit deviation is zero.

3.1.5
shaft

external feature of size of a workpiece, including external features of size which are not cylindrical

NOTE See also Introduction.
3.1.6
basic shaft
shaft chosen as a basis for a shaft-basis fit system
NOTE 1 See also 3.4.1.2.

NOTE 2 For the purposes of the ISO code system, a basic shaft is a shaft for which the upper limit deviation is zero.

3.2 Terminology related to tolerances and deviations
3.2.1
nominal size
size of a feature of perfect form as defined by the drawing specification
See Figure 1.

NOTE 1 Nominal size is used for the location of the limits of size by the application of the upper and lower limit

deviations.
NOTE 2 In former times, this was referred to as “basic size”.
2 © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
ISO 286-1:2010(E)
3.2.2
actual size
size of the associated integral feature
NOTE 1 “Associated integral feature” is defined in ISO 14660-1:1999, 2.6.
NOTE 2 The actual size is obtained by measurement.
3.2.3
limits of size
extreme permissible sizes of a feature of size

NOTE To fulfil the requirement, the actual size shall lie between the upper and lower limits of size; the limits of size

are also included.
3.2.3.1
upper limit of size
ULS
largest permissible size of a feature of size
See Figure 1.
3.2.3.2
lower limit of size
LLS
smallest permissible size of a feature of size
See Figure 1.
3.2.4
deviation
value minus its reference value

NOTE For size deviations, the reference value is the nominal size and the value is the actual size.

3.2.5
limit deviation
upper limit deviation or lower limit deviation from nominal size
3.2.5.1
upper limit deviation
ES (to be used for internal features of size)
es (to be used for external features of size)
upper limit of size minus nominal size
See Figure 1.

NOTE Upper limit deviation is a signed value and may be negative, zero or positive.

© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
ISO 286-1:2010(E)
Key
1 tolerance interval
2 sign convention for deviations
Nominal size.
Upper limit of size.
Lower limit of size.
Upper limit deviation.
Lower limit deviation (in this case also fundamental deviation).
Tolerance.

NOTE The horizontal continuous line, which limits the tolerance interval, represents the fundamental deviations for a

hole. The dashed line, which limits the tolerance interval, represents the other limit deviation for a hole.

Figure 1 — Illustration of definitions (a hole is used in the example)
3.2.5.2
lower limit deviation
EI (to be used for internal features of size)
ei (to be used for external features of size)
lower limit of size minus nominal size
See Figure 1.

NOTE Lower limit deviation is a signed value and may be negative, zero or positive.

3.2.6
fundamental deviation

limit deviation that defines the placement of the tolerance interval in relation to the nominal size

NOTE 1 The fundamental deviation is that limit deviation, which defines that limit of size which is the nearest to the

nominal size (see Figure 1 and 4.1.2.5).
NOTE 2 The fundamental deviation is identified by a letter (e.g. B, d).
4 © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
ISO 286-1:2010(E)
3.2.7
∆ value

variable value added to a fixed value to obtain the fundamental deviation of an internal feature of size

See Table 3.
3.2.8
tolerance
difference between the upper limit of size and the lower limit of size
NOTE 1 The tolerance is an absolute quantity without sign.

NOTE 2 The tolerance is also the difference between the upper limit deviation and the lower limit deviation.

3.2.8.1
tolerance limits

specified values of the characteristic giving upper and/or lower bounds of the permissible value

3.2.8.2
standard tolerance
any tolerance belonging to the ISO code system for tolerances on linear sizes

NOTE The letters in the abbreviated term “IT” stand for “International Tolerance”.

3.2.8.3
standard tolerance grade
group of tolerances for linear sizes characterized by a common identifier

NOTE 1 In the ISO code system for tolerances on linear sizes, the standard tolerance grade identifier consists of IT

followed by a number (e.g. IT7); see 4.1.2.3.

NOTE 2 A specific tolerance grade is considered as corresponding to the same level of accuracy for all nominal sizes.

3.2.8.4
tolerance interval
variable values of the size between and including the tolerance limits

NOTE 1 The former term “tolerance zone”, which was used in connection with linear dimensioning (according to

ISO 286-1:1988), has been changed to “tolerance interval” since an interval refers to a range on a scale whereas a

tolerance zone in GPS refers to a space or an area, e.g. tolerancing according to ISO 1101.

NOTE 2 For the purpose of ISO 286, the interval is contained between the upper and the lower limits of size. It is

defined by the magnitude of the tolerance and its placement relative to the nominal size (see Figure 1).

NOTE 3 The tolerance interval does not necessarily include the nominal size (see Figure 1). Tolerance limits may be

two-sided (values on both sides of the nominal size) or one-sided (both values on one side of the nominal size). The case

where the one tolerance limit is on one side, the other limit value being zero, is a special case of a one-sided indication.

3.2.8.5
tolerance class
combination of a fundamental deviation and a standard tolerance grade

NOTE In the ISO code system for tolerances on linear sizes, the tolerance class consists of the fundamental

deviation identifier followed by the tolerance grade number (e.g. D13, h9, etc.), see 4.2.1.

3.3 Terminology related to fits

The concepts in this clause relate only to nominal features of size (perfect form). For the model definition of a

nominal feature of size, see ISO 17450-1:—, 3.18.
For the determination of a fit, see 5.3.
© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved 5
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SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
ISO 286-1:2010(E)
3.3.1
clearance

difference between the size of the hole and the size of the shaft when the diameter of the shaft is smaller than

the diameter of the hole

NOTE In the calculation of clearance, the obtained values are positive (see B.2).

3.3.1.1
minimum clearance

〈in a clearance fit〉 difference between the lower limit of size of the hole and the upper limit of size of the shaft

See Figure 2.
3.3.1.2
maximum clearance

〈in a clearance or transition fit〉 difference between the upper limit of size of the hole and the lower limit of size

of the shaft
See Figures 2 and 4.
3.3.2
interference

difference before mating between the size of the hole and the size of the shaft when the diameter of the shaft

is larger than the diameter of the hole

NOTE In the calculation of an interference, the obtained values are negative (see B.2).

3.3.2.1
minimum interference

〈in an interference fit〉 difference between the upper limit of size of the hole and the lower limit of size of the

shaft
See Figure 3.
3.3.2.2
maximum interference

〈in an interference or transition fit〉 difference between the lower limit of size of the hole and the upper limit of

size of the shaft
See Figures 3 and 4.
3.3.3
fit

relationship between an external feature of size and an internal feature of size (the hole and shaft of the same

type) which are to be assembled
3.3.3.1
clearance fit

fit that always provides a clearance between the hole and shaft when assembled, i.e. the lower limit of size of

the hole is either larger than or, in the extreme case, equal to the upper limit of size of the shaft

See Figure 2.
3.3.3.2
interference fit

fit that always provides an interference between the hole and the shaft when assembled, i.e. the upper limit of

size of the hole is either smaller than or, in the extreme case, equal to the lower limit of size of the shaft

See Figure 3.
6 © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
ISO 286-1:2010(E)
3.3.3.3
transition fit

fit which may provide either a clearance or an interference between the hole and the shaft when assembled

See Figure 4.

NOTE In a transition fit, the tolerance intervals of the hole and the shaft overlap either completely or partially;

therefore, if there is a clearance or an interference depends on the actual sizes of the hole and the shaft.

Key
1 tolerance interval of the hole

2 tolerance interval of the shaft, case 1: when the upper limit of size of the shaft is lower than the lower limit of size of

the hole, the minimum clearance is larger than zero

3 tolerance interval of the shaft, case 2: when the upper limit of size of the shaft is identical to the lower limit of size of

the hole, the minimum clearance is zero
Minimum clearance.
Maximum clearance.
Nominal size = lower limit of size of the hole.

NOTE The horizontal continuous wide lines, which limit the tolerance intervals, represent the fundamental deviations.

The dashed lines, which limit the tolerance intervals, represent the other limit deviations.

Figure 2 — Illustration of definitions of a clearance fit (nominal model)
© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved 7
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SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
ISO 286-1:2010(E)
Key
1 tolerance interval of the hole

2 tolerance interval of the shaft, case 1: when the lower limit of size of the shaft is identical to the upper limit of size of

the hole, the minimum interference is zero

3 tolerance interval of the shaft, case 2: when the lower limit of size of the shaft is larger than the upper limit of size of

the hole, the minimum interference is larger than zero
Maximum interference.
Minimum interference.
Nominal size = lower limit of size of the hole.

NOTE The horizontal continuous wide lines, which limit the tolerance intervals, represent the fundamental deviations.

The dashed lines, which limit the tolerance intervals, represent the other limit deviations.

Figure 3 — Illustration of definitions of an interference fit (nominal model)
8 © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 286-1:2010
ISO 286-1:2010(E)
Key
1 tolerance interval of the hole
2-4 tolerance interval of the shaft (some possible placements are shown)
Maximum clearance.
Maximum interference.
Nominal size = lower limit of size of the hole.
NOTE The horizontal continuous wide lines, which limit the tolerance interva
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