Geometrical product specifications (GPS) - Acceptance and reverification tests for coordinate measuring systems (CMS) - Part 5: Coordinate measuring machines (CMMs) using single and multiple stylus contacting probing systems using discrete point and/or scanning measuring mode (ISO 10360-5:2020)

This document specifies acceptance and periodic reverification tests of CMM performance with contacting probing systems and is only applicable to CMMs using:
— any type of contacting probing system; and
— spherical or hemispherical stylus tip(s).
NOTE CMM probing performance tests are specified by the maximum permissible errors (MPEs), due to the impracticality of isolating the performance of the probing system from that of the CMM, even on a small artefact such as a test sphere.
This document applies to CMMs supplied with any of the following:
a) single-stylus probing systems;
b) multi-stylus probing systems with fixed multiple styli attached to a single probe (e.g. "star" stylus);
c) multiple probing systems such as those with a stylus for each of their probes;
d) systems with articulating probing systems;
e) stylus and probe changing systems;
f) manual (non-driven) and automated CMMs;
g) installations including a scanning probe, capable of being used in a scanning mode.
This document is not applicable to non-contacting probing systems, which require different testing procedures.
The term ?combined CMM and multi-stylus probing system size error' has been shortened to ?multi-stylus size error' for convenience. This applies in similar cases.
If it is desirable to isolate the probing system performance as far as is practical, the influence of the CMM can be minimized but not eliminated. See Annex C for more information.

Geometrische Produktspezifikation (GPS) - Annahmeprüfung und Bestätigungsprüfung für Koordinatenmesssysteme (KMS) - Teil 5: Koordinatenmessgeräte (KMG) mit berührendem Messkopfsystem im Einzelpunkt- und/oder Scanningmodus (ISO 10360-5:2020)

Dieses Dokument legt Annahme- und periodische Bestätigungsprüfungen der Leistungsfähigkeit von KMG mit berührenden Messkopfsystemen fest und ist nur anwendbar für KMG mit:
- allen Arten von berührenden Messkopfsystemen; und
- (einem) kugel- oder halbkugelförmigen Tastelement(en).
ANMERKUNG Prüfungen der Leistungsfähigkeit von KMG bei Antastungen sind durch die höchstzulässigen Abweichungen (MPE, en: maximum permissible error) spezifiziert, weil es praktisch unmöglich ist, die Leistungsfähigkeit des Messkopfsystems von der des KMG zu trennen, selbst bei einem kleinen Prüfkörper wie einer Prüfkugel.
Dieses Dokument gilt für KMG, die über Folgendes verfügen:
a) Einzeltastermesskopfsysteme;
b) Mehrfachtastermesskopfsysteme mit festen Mehrfachtastern die an einem einzigen Messkopf befestigt sind (z. B. ein „Stern“-Taster);
c) Mehrfachmesskopfsysteme, wie z. B. solche mit einem Taster für jeden einzelnen Messkopf;
d) Systeme mit Dreh-Schwenk-Messkopfsystemen;
e) Taster- und Messkopfwechselsysteme;
f) manuelle (nicht angetriebene) und automatische KMG;
g) Anlagen, die einen Scanning-Messkopf enthalten, der im Scanningmodus betrieben werden kann.
Dieses Dokument ist nicht auf berührungslose Messkopfsysteme anwendbar, für die andere Prüfverfahren erforderlich sind.
Die Benennung „kombinierte KMG- und Mehrfachtastermesskopfsystem-Größenmaßabweichung “ wurde der Einfachheit halber auf „Mehrfachtaster-Größenmaßabweichung“ verkürzt. Dies gilt auch für ähnliche Fälle.
Wenn es auch wünschenswert ist, die Leistungsfähigkeit des Messkopfsystems soweit wie praktisch durchführbar zu isolieren, kann der Einfluss des KMG auf ein Minimum verringert, jedoch nicht beseitigt werden. Siehe Anhang C für weitere Informationen.

Spécification géométrique des produits (GPS) - Essais de réception et de vérification périodique des systèmes à mesurer tridimensionnels (SMT) - Partie 5: MMT utilisant des systèmes de palpage à stylet simple ou à stylets multiples utilisant un mode de mesurage par point discret et/ou par scan (ISO 10360-5:2020)

Le présent document spécifie les essais de réception et de vérification périodique des performances des MMT à systèmes de palpage à contact et ne s'applique qu'aux MMT utilisant:
— un système de palpage à contact, quel qu'il soit; et
— des touches de stylets sphériques ou hémisphériques.
NOTE Les essais de performance de palpage de la MMT sont spécifiés par les erreurs maximales tolérées (MPE), puisqu'il est difficile d'isoler les performances du système de palpage de celles de la MMT, même sur de petits étalons tels qu'une sphère d'essai.
Le présent document s'applique aux MMT fournies avec l'un des éléments suivants:
a) systèmes de palpage à stylet simple;
b) systèmes de palpage à stylets multiples munis de plusieurs stylets fixes attachés à un seul palpeur (par exemple stylet en "étoile");
c) systèmes à palpeurs multiples, tels que ceux dans lesquels chaque palpeur est muni d'un stylet;
d) systèmes utilisant des systèmes de palpage articulés;
e) systèmes de changement de stylet et de palpeur;
f) MMT manuelles (non entraînées) ainsi que MMT automatisées;
g) installations comprenant un palpeur de scanning pouvant être utilisées en mode scanning.
Le présent document n'est pas applicable aux systèmes de palpage sans contact, qui nécessitent des modes opératoires d'essai différents.
Le terme «erreur de taille de l'ensemble composé de la MMT et du système de palpage à stylets multiples» a été simplifiée par soucis de simplicité en faveur de «erreur de taille du système à stylets multiples». Cela s'applique dans des cas similaires.
S'il est jugé souhaitable d'isoler les performances du système de palpage autant que possible, l'influence de la MMT peut être réduite au minimum mais pas supprimée. Voir l'Annexe C pour plus d'informations.

Specifikacija geometrijskih veličin izdelka (GPS) - Preskusi za sprejemljivost in ponovno overjanje koordinatnih merilnih strojev (KMS) - 5. del: Koordinatni merilni stroji, uporabljeni kot enotipalni in večtipalni sondirni sistemi z uporabo diskretne točke in/ali načina merjenja skeniranja (ISO 10360-5:2020)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
14-Apr-2020
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
15-Apr-2020
Completion Date
15-Apr-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020
01-julij-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN ISO 10360-4:2000
SIST EN ISO 10360-4:2000/AC:2004
SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2011

Specifikacija geometrijskih veličin izdelka (GPS) - Preskusi za sprejemljivost in

ponovno overjanje koordinatnih merilnih strojev (KMS) - 5. del: Koordinatni merilni

stroji, uporabljeni kot enotipalni in večtipalni sondirni sistemi z uporabo diskretne

točke in/ali načina merjenja skeniranja (ISO 10360-5:2020)

Geometrical product specifications (GPS) - Acceptance and reverification tests for

coordinate measuring systems (CMS) - Part 5: Coordinate measuring machines (CMMs)

using single and multiple stylus contacting probing systems using discrete point and/or

scanning measuring mode (ISO 10360-5:2020)
Geometrische Produktspezifikation (GPS) - Annahmeprüfung und Bestätigungsprüfung
für Koordinatenmessgeräte (KMG) - Teil 5: Prüfung der Antastabweichungen von KMG
mit berührendem Messkopfsystem im Einzelpunkt- und/oder Scanningbetrieb (ISO
10360-5:2020)

Spécification géométrique des produits (GPS) - Essais de réception et de vérification

périodique des systèmes à mesurer tridimensionnelles (MMT) - Partie 5: MMT utilisant

des systèmes de palpage à stylet simple ou à stylets multiples (ISO 10360-5:2020)

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 10360-5:2020
ICS:
17.040.30 Merila Measuring instruments
17.040.40 Specifikacija geometrijskih Geometrical Product
veličin izdelka (GPS) Specification (GPS)
SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020
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SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020
EN ISO 10360-5
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 17.040.30 Supersedes EN ISO 10360-4:2000,
EN ISO 10360-5:2010
English Version
Geometrical product specifications (GPS) - Acceptance and
reverification tests for coordinate measuring systems
(CMS) - Part 5: Coordinate measuring machines (CMMs)
using single and multiple stylus contacting probing
systems using discrete point and/or scanning measuring
mode (ISO 10360-5:2020)

Spécification géométrique des produits (GPS) - Essais Geometrische Produktspezifikation (GPS) -

de réception et de vérification périodique des systèmes Annahmeprüfung und Bestätigungsprüfung für

à mesurer tridimensionnels (SMT) - Partie 5: MMT Koordinatenmesssysteme (KMS) - Teil 5: Prüfung der

utilisant des systèmes de palpage à stylet simple ou à Antastabweichungen von Koordinatenmessgeräten

stylets multiples utilisant un mode de mesurage par (KMG) mit berührendem Messkopfsystem im

point discret et/ou par scan (ISO 10360-5:2020) Einzelpunkt- und/oder Scanningbetrieb (ISO 10360-

5:2020)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 22 March 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIO N
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NOR M UN G
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 10360-5:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020
EN ISO 10360-5:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020
EN ISO 10360-5:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 10360-5:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 213

"Dimensional and geometrical product specifications and verification" in collaboration with Technical

Committee CEN/TC 290 “Dimensional and geometrical product specification and verification” the

secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2020, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by October 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 10360-4:2000 and EN ISO 10360-5:2010.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 10360-5:2020 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 10360-5:2020 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020
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SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 10360-5
Third edition
2020-03
Geometrical product specifications
(GPS) — Acceptance and reverification
tests for coordinate measuring
systems (CMS) —
Part 5:
Coordinate measuring machines
(CMMs) using single and multiple
stylus contacting probing systems
using discrete point and/or scanning
measuring mode
Spécification géométrique des produits (GPS) — Essais de
réception et de vérification périodique des systèmes à mesurer
tridimensionnels (SMT) —
Partie 5: MMT utilisant des systèmes de palpage à stylet simple ou à
stylets multiples utilisant un mode de mesurage par point discret et/
ou par scan
Reference number
ISO 10360-5:2020(E)
ISO 2020
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SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020
ISO 10360-5:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020
ISO 10360-5:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Symbols ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5 Rated operating conditions ....................................................................................................................................................................10

5.1 Environmental conditions ..........................................................................................................................................................10

5.2 Operating conditions ......................................................................................................................................................................11

6 Acceptance tests and reverification tests ................................................................................................................................11

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................11

6.2 Measuring equipment ....................................................................................................................................................................12

6.2.1 Test sphere .........................................................................................................................................................................12

6.2.2 Styli specification and information ...............................................................................................................13

6.3 Single-stylus probing test ...........................................................................................................................................................14

6.3.1 Application .........................................................................................................................................................................14

6.3.2 Principle ...............................................................................................................................................................................14

6.3.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................14

6.3.4 Data analysis .....................................................................................................................................................................15

6.4 Scanning mode test ..........................................................................................................................................................................16

6.4.1 Principle ...............................................................................................................................................................................16

6.4.2 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................16

6.4.3 Data analysis .....................................................................................................................................................................18

6.5 Multi-stylus test: Fixed multi-probe and multi-stylus probing systems ............................................19

6.5.1 Principle ...............................................................................................................................................................................19

6.5.2 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................19

6.5.3 Data analysis .....................................................................................................................................................................22

6.6 Multi-stylus test: Articulating probing systems ......................................................................................................22

6.6.1 Principle ...............................................................................................................................................................................22

6.6.2 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................23

6.6.3 Data analysis .....................................................................................................................................................................25

6.7 Data analysis for multi-stylus tests ....................................................................................................................................25

6.7.1 Location error .................................................................................................................................................................25

6.7.2 Opposing-styli projected location error ...................................................................................................25

6.7.3 Multi-stylus size and form error .....................................................................................................................25

7 Conformance with specification: Acceptance and reverification tests .....................................................26

8 Applications ............................................................................................................................................................................................................27

8.1 Acceptance tests .................................................................................................................................................................................27

8.2 Reverification tests ...........................................................................................................................................................................27

8.3 Interim checks ......................................................................................................................................................................................27

Annex A (informative) Ring gauge tests .........................................................................................................................................................28

Annex B (informative) Checking the probing system prior to the ISO 10360-2 test........................................32

Annex C (informative) Interpretation of multi-stylus test results ......................................................................................33

Annex D (normative) Maximum permissible error/limit specification methods ..............................................35

Annex E (informative) Workpiece related influences ......................................................................................................................37

Annex F (normative) Acceptance tests and reverification tests using small sphere test

equipment ................................................................................................................................................................................................................39

Annex G (informative) Relation to the GPS matrix model ...........................................................................................................40

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020
ISO 10360-5:2020(E)

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................42

iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020
ISO 10360-5:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 213, Dimensional and geometrical product

specifications and verification in collaboration with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN)

Technical Committee CEN/TC 290, Dimensional and geometrical product specification and verification, in

accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 10360-5:2010), which has been

technically revised.

It also incorporates with a technical revision the tests contained within ISO 10360-4:2000 and, as such,

it cancels and replaces ISO 10360-4:2000.
The main changes to the previous edition are as follows:
— the adoption of new symbology;
— the addition of an optional ring gauge test;
— changes to acceptable test parameters e.g. test sphere diameter;

— changes to Location results evaluation including an “opposing styli” evaluation.

A list of all parts in the ISO 10360 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020
ISO 10360-5:2020(E)
Introduction

This document is a geometrical product specification (GPS) standard and is to be regarded as a general

GPS standard (see ISO 14638). It influences chain link F of the chains of standards on size, distance,

form, orientation, location and run-out.

The ISO GPS matrix model given in ISO 14638 gives an overview of the ISO GPS system of which this

document is a part. The fundamental rules of ISO GPS given in ISO 8015 apply to this document and

the default decision rules given in ISO 14253-1 apply to specifications made in accordance with this

document, unless otherwise indicated.

For more detailed information about the relation of this document to other standards and the GPS

matrix model see Annex G.

The acceptance and reverification tests described in this document are applicable to coordinate

measuring machines (CMMs) that use contacting probes, with or without multiple styli or multiple

articulated-probe positions, when measuring using discrete point and/or scanning mode.

Experience has shown that the multi-stylus errors calculated using this document are significant and,

at times, represent the dominant errors in the CMM. Owing to the virtually infinite variety of modern

CMM probing system configurations, the description of the tests specified by this document provides

a testing protocol for specification, but the actual test coverage has been limited to provide a practical

subset of tests which are intended to reveal typical errors associated with probing configurations

in a limited amount of time. The tests are intended to provide information on the ability of a CMM to

measure a feature or features using a contacting probe and, when relevant, using multiple styli, multiple

probes or multiple articulated-probe positions.
The situations to which they are applicable include:
— single-stylus probing systems;
— multiple styli connected to the CMM probe (e.g. a star);

— installations using an articulating probing system (motorized or manual) that can be prequalified;

— installations using a repeatable probe-changing system;
— installations using a repeatable stylus-changing system;

— installations including a scanning probe, capable of being used in a scanning mode;

— multi-probe installations.

It is believed that the procedures given in this document will be helpful in identifying CMM system

uncertainty components for specific measurement tasks, and that the user will be able to reduce errors

by removing contributing elements such as long probe extensions and styli, and then by retesting the

new configuration set.

The tests in this document are sensitive to many errors, attributable to both the CMM and the

probing system, and are intended to be performed in addition to the length-measuring tests given in

ISO 10360-2.

The primary objective is to determine the practical performance of the complete CMM and probing

system. Therefore, the tests are designed to reveal measuring errors which are likely to occur when

such a combined system is used on real workpieces, for example errors generated by the interaction

between large probe-tip-offset lengths and uncorrected CMM rotation errors. The errors found here

differ from those found in the EL tests in ISO 10360-2, because with multiple styli the net CMM travel

may be very different from the measured length. See Annex C for more information.

vi © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020
ISO 10360-5:2020(E)

This document complements ISO 10360-7 (CMMs equipped with imaging probing systems), ISO 10360-8

(CMMs with optical distance sensors), ISO 10360-9 (CMMs with multiple probing systems) and

ISO 10360-2 (CMMs used for measuring linear dimensions).
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved vii
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SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020
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SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 10360-5:2020(E)
Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — Acceptance
and reverification tests for coordinate measuring
systems (CMS) —
Part 5:
Coordinate measuring machines (CMMs) using single and
multiple stylus contacting probing systems using discrete
point and/or scanning measuring mode
1 Scope

This document specifies acceptance and periodic reverification tests of CMM performance with

contacting probing systems and is only applicable to CMMs using:
— any type of contacting probing system; and
— spherical or hemispherical stylus tip(s).

NOTE CMM probing performance tests are specified by the maximum permissible errors (MPEs), due to the

impracticality of isolating the performance of the probing system from that of the CMM, even on a small artefact

such as a test sphere.
This document applies to CMMs supplied with any of the following:
a) single-stylus probing systems;

b) multi-stylus probing systems with fixed multiple styli attached to a single probe (e.g. “star” stylus);

c) multiple probing systems such as those with a stylus for each of their probes;

d) systems with articulating probing systems;
e) stylus and probe changing systems;
f) manual (non-driven) and automated CMMs;

g) installations including a scanning probe, capable of being used in a scanning mode.

This document is not applicable to non-contacting probing systems, which require different testing

procedures.

The term ‘combined CMM and multi-stylus probing system size error’ has been shortened to ‘multi-

stylus size error’ for convenience. This applies in similar cases.

If it is desirable to isolate the probing system performance as far as is practical, the influence of the

CMM can be minimized but not eliminated. See Annex C for more information.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 10360-5:2020
ISO 10360-5:2020(E)

ISO 10360-1, Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) — Acceptance and reverification tests for coordinate

measuring machines (CMM) — Part 1: Vocabulary

ISO 10360-2, Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — Acceptance and reverification tests for coordinate

measuring machines (CMM) — Part 2: CMMs used for measuring linear dimensions

ISO 14253-1, Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — Inspection by measurement of workpieces and

measuring equipment — Part 1: Decision rules for verifying conformity or nonconformity with specifications

ISO/IEC Guide 99:2007, International vocabulary of metrology — Basic and general concepts and

associated terms (VIM)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 10360-1, ISO 14253-1,

ISO/IEC Guide 99 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/

NOTE 1 This clause contains fifteen definitions (3.7 to 3.9, 3.11 to 3.15, 3.19 to 3.21, 3.23 and 3.25 to 3.27)

which supersede eighteen similar definitions in ISO 10360-1:2000, Clause 9. Some of these revised definitions

are required to avoid ambiguities which would otherwise have been introduced with this document. Others

effectively supersede identical definitions in ISO 10360-1, because the symbols used have been revised and

expanded for clarification. The superseded definitions in ISO 10360-1:2000 are 9.3, 9.4 and 9.11 to 9.26.

NOTE 2 All the symbols used in this document are listed in Clause 4.

NOTE 3 The definitions in this clause are intended to concisely state the meaning of terms. For metrological

characteristics that have numerical values, the complete description of the procedure and derivation of test

results in Clause 6 are to be followed in determining values.

NOTE 4 For all definitions and evaluations in this document we assume the form and location values to be

zero, i.e. perfect form or zero location distance for a single test sphere. See 6.2.1 for limitations on test sphere

calibrated form.
3.1
rated operating condition

operating condition that needs to be fulfilled during measurement in order for a measuring instrument

or measuring system to perform as designed

Note 1 to entry: Rated operating conditions generally specify intervals of values for a quantity being measured

and for any influence quantity.

Note 2 to entry: Within the ISO 10360 series, the term “as designed” means as specified by MPEs.

Note 3 to entry: If an MPE specification is thought of as a function (where different MPE values could be given for

different conditions), then the rated operating conditions define the domain of that function.

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC Guide 99:2007, 4.9, modified — Notes 2 and 3 to entry added.]
3.2
inferred qualification

probing system qualification method where the parameters for each probing system attached to

an articulation sy
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN ISO 10360-5:2018
01-september-2018

6SHFLILNDFLMDJHRPHWULMVNLKYHOLþLQL]GHOND *36 3UHVNXVL]DVSUHMHPOMLYRVWLQ

SRQRYQRRYHUMDQMHNRRUGLQDWQLKPHULOQLKVWURMHY .06 GHO.RRUGLQDWQLPHULOQL

VWURMLXSRUDEOMHQLNRWHQRWLSDOQLLQYHþWLSDOQLVRQGLUQLVLVWHPL]XSRUDERGLVNUHWQH

WRþNHLQDOLQDþLQDPHUMHQMDVNHQLUDQMD ,62',6

Geometrical product specifications (GPS) - Acceptance and reverification tests for

coordinate measuring systems (CMS) - Part 5: CMMs using single and multiple stylus

contacting probing systems using discrete point and/or scanning measuring mode
(ISO/DIS 10360-5:2018)
Geometrische Produktspezifikation (GPS) - Annahmeprüfung und Bestätigungsprüfung
für Koordinatenmessgeräte (KMG) - Teil 5: Prüfung der Antastabweichungen von KMG
mit berührendem Messkopfsystem im Einzelpunkt- und/oder Scanningbetrieb (ISO/DIS
10360-5:2018)

Spécification géométrique des produits (GPS) - Essais de réception et de vérification

périodique des systèmes à mesurer tridimensionnelles (MMT) - Partie 5: MMT utilisant

des systèmes de palpage à stylet simple ou à stylets multiples (ISO/DIS 10360-5:2018)

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN ISO 10360-5
ICS:
17.040.30 Merila Measuring instruments
17.040.40 6SHFLILNDFLMDJHRPHWULMVNLK Geometrical Product
YHOLþLQL]GHOND *36 Specification (GPS)
oSIST prEN ISO 10360-5:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 10360-5:2018
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 10360-5:2018
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO/DIS 10360-5
ISO/TC 213 Secretariat: BSI
Voting begins on: Voting terminates on:
2018-06-28 2018-09-20
Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — Acceptance
and reverification tests for coordinate measuring
systems (CMS) —
Part 5:
CMMs using single and multiple stylus contacting
probing systems using discrete point and/or scanning
measuring mode

Spécification géométrique des produits (GPS) — Essais de réception et de vérification périodique des

systèmes à mesurer tridimensionnelles (MMT) —

Partie 5: MMT utilisant des systèmes de palpage à stylet simple ou à stylets multiples

ICS: 17.040.30
THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED
This document is circulated as received from the committee secretariat.
FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS
THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY
NOT BE REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
ISO/CEN PARALLEL PROCESSING
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL,
TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND
USER PURPOSES, DRAFT INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO
BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR
POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO
WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
Reference number
NATIONAL REGULATIONS.
ISO/DIS 10360-5:2018(E)
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED
TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS,
NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT
RIGHTS OF WHICH THEY ARE AWARE AND TO
PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION. ISO 2018
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 10360-5:2018
ISO/DIS 10360-5:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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oSIST prEN ISO 10360-5:2018
ISO/DIS 10360-5:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Symbols .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5 Rated operating conditions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1 Environmental conditions ............................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.2 Operating conditions ......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

6 Acceptance tests and reverification tests ................................................................................................................................... 9

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2 Measuring equipment ....................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2.1 Test sphere ............................................................................................................................................................................ 9

6.2.2 Styli specification and information ...............................................................................................................10

6.3 Single-stylus probing test ...........................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.1 Application .........................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.2 Principle ...............................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.4 Data analysis .....................................................................................................................................................................13

6.4 Scanning mode test ..........................................................................................................................................................................13

6.4.1 Principle ...............................................................................................................................................................................13

6.4.2 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................13

6.4.3 Data analysis .....................................................................................................................................................................15

6.5 Multi-stylus test: Fixed multi-probe and multi-stylus probing systems ............................................16

6.5.1 Principle ...............................................................................................................................................................................16

6.5.2 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................16

6.5.3 Data analysis .....................................................................................................................................................................19

6.6 Multi-stylus test: Articulating probing systems ......................................................................................................19

6.6.1 Principle ...............................................................................................................................................................................19

6.6.2 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................20

6.6.3 Data analysis .....................................................................................................................................................................22

6.7 Data analysis for multi-stylus tests ....................................................................................................................................22

6.7.1 Location error .................................................................................................................................................................22

6.7.2 Opposing-styli projected location error ...................................................................................................22

6.7.3 Multi-stylus size and form error .....................................................................................................................22

7 Conformance with specification: Acceptance and Reverification tests ....................................................23

8 Applications ............................................................................................................................................................................................................24

8.1 Acceptance tests .................................................................................................................................................................................24

8.2 Reverification tests ...........................................................................................................................................................................24

8.3 Interim checks ......................................................................................................................................................................................24

9 Indication in product documentation and CMM data sheets ..............................................................................24

Annex A (informative) Ring gauge tests .........................................................................................................................................................27

Annex B (informative) Checking the probing system prior to the ISO 10360-2 test........................................31

Annex C (informative) Interpretation of multi-stylus test results ......................................................................................32

Annex D (normative) Maximum permissible error/limit specification methods ..............................................34

Annex E (informative) Workpiece related influences ......................................................................................................................36

Annex F (normative) Acceptance tests and reverification tests using small sphere test

equipment ................................................................................................................................................................................................................37

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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oSIST prEN ISO 10360-5:2018
ISO/DIS 10360-5:2018(E)

Annex G (informative) Relation to the GPS matrix model ...........................................................................................................38

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................40

iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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oSIST prEN ISO 10360-5:2018
ISO/DIS 10360-5:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 213, Dimensional and geometrical product

specifications and verification.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition ISO 10360-5:2010, which has been technically

revised.

It also incorporates with a technical revision the tests contained within ISO 10360-4:2000 and as such

it cancels and replaces ISO 10360-4:2000
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
(to be confirmed)
A list of all parts in the ISO 10360- series can be found on the ISO website.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
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oSIST prEN ISO 10360-5:2018
ISO/DIS 10360-5:2018(E)
Introduction

This document is a general GPS standard (see ISO 14638). For more detailed information about the

relation of this document to other standards and the GPS matrix model see Annex G.

The ISO/GPS Masterplan given in ISO 14638 gives an overview of the ISO/GPS system of which this

document is a part. The fundamental rules of ISO/GPS given in ISO 8015 apply to this document and

the default decision rules given in ISO 14253-1 apply to specifications made in accordance with this

document, unless otherwise indicated.

The acceptance and reverification tests described in this document are applicable to coordinate

measuring machines (CMMs) that use contacting probes, with or without multiple styli or multiple

articulated-probe positions, when measuring using discrete point and/or scanning mode.

Experience has shown that the multi-stylus errors calculated using this document are significant

and, at times, the dominant errors in the CMM. Owing to the virtually infinite variety of modern CMM

probing system configurations, the description of the tests specified by this document provide a testing

protocol for the specification but the actual test coverage has been limited to provide a practical subset

of tests which are intended to reveal typical errors associated with probing configurations in a limited

amount of time. The tests are intended to provide information on the ability of a CMM to measure a

feature or features, using a contacting probe and, when relevant, using multiple styli, multiple probes

or multiple articulated-probe positions.
The situations to which they are applicable include:
— single-stylus probing systems,
— multiple styli connected to the CMM probe (e.g. a star),

— installations using an articulating probing system (motorized or manual) that can be prequalified,

— installations using a repeatable probe-changing system,
— installations using a repeatable stylus-changing system,

— installations including a scanning probe and capable of being used in a scanning measuring mode, and

— multi-probe installations.

It is believed that the procedures given in this document will be helpful in identifying CMM system

uncertainty components for specific measurement tasks, and that the user will be able to reduce errors

by removing contributing elements such as long probe extensions and styli, then retesting the new

configuration set.

The tests in this document are sensitive to many errors attributable to both the CMM and the probing

system, and are to be performed in addition to the length-measuring tests given in ISO 10360-2.

The primary objective is to determine the practical performance of the complete CMM and probing

system. Therefore, the tests are designed to reveal measuring errors which are likely to occur when

such a combined system is used on real workpieces, e.g. errors generated by the interaction between

large probe-tip-offset lengths and uncorrected CMM rotation errors. The errors found here differ from

those found in the EL tests in ISO 10360-2:2009, because with multiple styli the net CMM travel may be

very different from the measured length. See Annex C for more information.

It complements: ISO 10360-7 (CMMs equipped with imaging probing systems), ISO 10360-8 (CMMs with

optical distance sensors), ISO 10360-9 (CMMs with multiple probing systems) and ISO 10360-2.

vi © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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oSIST prEN ISO 10360-5:2018
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 10360-5:2018(E)
Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — Acceptance
and reverification tests for coordinate measuring
systems (CMS) —
Part 5:
CMMs using single and multiple stylus contacting
probing systems using discrete point and/or scanning
measuring mode
1 Scope

This document specifies acceptance and periodic reverification tests of CMM performance with

contacting probing systems and is only applicable to CMMs using:
— any type of contacting probing system, and
— spherical or hemispherical stylus tip(s).

NOTE CMM probing performance tests are specified by the maximum permissible errors (MPEs), due to the

impracticality of isolating the performance of the probing system from that of the CMM, even on a small artefact

such as a test sphere.
This document applies to CMMs supplied with any of the following:
a) single-stylus probing system;

b) multi-stylus probing systems with fixed multiple styli attached to a single probe (e.g. “star” stylus);

c) multiple probing systems such as those with a stylus for each of their probes;

d) systems with articulating probing systems;
e) stylus and probe changing systems;
f) manual (non-driven) as well as automated CMMs;

g) installations including a scanning probe and capable of being used in a scanning measuring mode.

This document is not applicable to non-contacting probing systems, which require different testing

procedures.

The terms “multi-stylus size error”, etc., should strictly be written “combined CMM and multi-stylus

probing- system size error”, etc. For convenience, the wording has been truncated.

If it is desired to isolate the probing-system performance as far as is practical, the influence of the CMM

can be minimized but not eliminated. See Annex C for more information.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 1
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oSIST prEN ISO 10360-5:2018
ISO/DIS 10360-5:2018(E)

ISO 10360-1:2000, Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) — Acceptance and reverification tests for

coordinate measuring machines (CMM) — Part 1: Vocabulary

ISO 10360-2:2009, Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — Acceptance and reverification tests for

coordinate measuring machines (CMM) — Part 2: CMMs used for measuring linear dimensions

ISO 14253-1, Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — Inspection by measurement of workpieces and

measuring equipment — Part 1: Decision rules for verifying conformity or nonconformity with specifications

ISO/IEC Guide 99, International vocabulary of metrology — Basic and general concepts and associated

terms (VIM)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 10360-1, ISO 14253-1, ISO/

IEC Guide 99 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http: //www. iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/

Note 1 to entry This clause contains fifteen definitions (3.7-3.9, 3.11-3.15, 3.21-3.23, 3.25 and 3.27-3.29) which

supersede eighteen similar definitions in Clause 9 of ISO 10360-1:2000. Some of these revised definitions are

required to avoid ambiguities which would otherwise have been introduced with this standard. Others effectively

supersede identical definitions in ISO 10360-1, because the symbols used have been revised and expanded for

clarification. The superseded definitions are 9.3, 9.4 and 9.11 to 9.26.
Note 2 to entry All the symbols used in this document are listed in Clause 9.

Note 3 to entry The definitions in this clause are intended to concisely state the meaning of terms. For

metrological characteristics that have numerical values, the complete description of the procedure and derivation

of test results in Clause 6 are to be followed in determining values.
3.1
rated operating condition

operating condition that needs to be fulfilled during measurement in order that a measuring instrument

or measuring system performs as designed

Note 1 to entry: Rated operating conditions generally specify intervals of values for a quantity being measured

and for any influence quantity.
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC Guide 99:2007, 4.9]

Note 2 to entry: Within the ISO 10360- series, the term “as designed” means as specified by MPEs.

Note 3 to entry: If an MPE specification is thought of as a function (where different MPE values could be given for

different conditions), then the rated operating conditions define the domain of that function.

3.2
inferred probing-system qualification

probing-system qualification method where the parameters for each probing system attached to

an articulation system are inferred by interpolation, extrapolation, or other relevant model, for

significantly different angular position(s) from parameters acquired by empirical probing-system

qualification (3.3) at a few angular positions
3.3
empirical probing-system qualification

probing-system qualification method where the parameters for each probing system attached to an

articulation system need to be acquired by measurement of the reference sphere at each angular

position used
2 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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oSIST prEN ISO 10360-5:2018
ISO/DIS 10360-5:2018(E)
3.4
effective diameter

stylus diameter used with the tip correction vector, for compensating stylus centre points to obtain

surface points

Note 1 to entry: For the position of the tip correction vector, see ISO 10360-1:2000, Figure 4.

Note 2 to entry: The effective stylus tip diameter may be a parameter established by a probing-system

qualification.
3.5
multi-stylus probing system

fixed orientation single probe that carries star styli or which through stylus changing can present styli

at the relevant orientations to be equivalent to a star stylus
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 6.
3.6
multi-probe system

system in which multiple probes having different fixed orientations are carried simultaneously

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 7.
3.7
multi-stylus form (measurement) error
Form.Sph.5×25:j:Tact

error of indication of the form of a test sphere the measurements being taken with five different styli

each taking 25 points (5x25) on the one test sphere using the discrete-point probing mode

Note 1 to entry: See ISO 10360-1:2000, Figure 15.

Note 2 to entry: The character P in P indicates that the error is associated with the system

Form.Sph.5×25:j:Tact

performance when local sampling, and the subscript Form indicates that it is a form error. The subscript Sph

indicates that the test is performed using a Sphere as a test artefact. The subscript Tact indicates that the probing

system conforms to Clause 1 of this document (i.e. tactile), thus enabling any alternative probing system to be

clearly identified by the use of a different set of characters at *in P *
Form.Sph.5×25:j:

Note 3 to entry: There are four multi-stylus form errors based on different probing systems and methods of

operation. These are designated as follows:
j = Emp, an articulating probing system using empirical qualification;
j = Inf, an articulating probing system using inferred qualification;
j = MS, a fixed multi-stylus probing system;
j = MP, a fixed multi-probe system.
3.8
multi-stylus size error
Size.Sph.5×25:j:Tact

error of indication of the diameter of a test sphere, the measurements being taken with five different

styli each taking 25 points on the one test sphere by a CMM using the discrete-point probing mode

Note 1 to entry: The subscript Size in P indicates that it is a diameter size error.

Size.Sph.5×25:j:Tact
Note 2 to entry: Where j is replaced by Emp, Inf, MS or MP as applicable.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 3
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oSIST prEN ISO 10360-5:2018
ISO/DIS 10360-5:2018(E)
3.9
multi-stylus location error
Dia.5×25:j:Tact

error of indication of the location of a test sphere as measured using the discrete-point probing mode

from five different orientations
Note 1 to entry: The character L in L indicates that it is a location error.
Dia.5×25:j:Tact
Note 2 to entry: Where j is replaced by Emp, Inf, MS or MP as applicable.
3.10
opposing-styli projected location error on a sphere
Dia.Proj.Sph.2×25:j:Tact

error of indication of the location of a test sphere as measured using discrete-point probing from

opposing orientations

Note 1 to entry: This gives the user an indication as to the performance of the system when measuring for

example co-axiality of crank shaft journals using styli from opposing orientations.

Note 2 to entry: Where j is replaced by Emp, Inf, MS or MP as applicable.
3.11
single-stylus form error
Form.Sph.1×25:SS: Tact

error of indication of the form of a test sphere, the measurements being performed by a CMM with a

single stylus (SS), using the discrete-point probing mode taking 25 points on a single sphere (1x25)

Note 1 to entry: See ISO 10360-1:2000, Figure 15.
Note 2 to entry: The subscript SS in P indicates use of a single stylus.
Fo r m . Sp h .1×2 5: S S : Ta c t
3.12
single-stylus size error
Size.Sph.1×25:SS: Tact

error of indication of the diameter of a test sphere, the measurements being performed by a CMM with

a single stylus, using the discrete-point probing mode
3.13
scanning mode form error on a sphere
Form.Sph.Scan:k : Tact

the observed form of a test sphere, the measurements being performed by a CMM with a single stylus,

using scanning mode

Note 1 to entry: Where k is replaced by the following designates as applicable k = PP or NPP depending on system

scanning mode, predetermined path (PP) or non-predetermined path (NPP).
3.14
scanning mode size error on a sphere
Size.Sph.Scan: k: Tact

error of indication of the size of a test sphere, the measurements being performed by a CMM with a

single stylus, using
...

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